47 relations: Belgium, Brussels, Cao Kun, Chai Zemin, China, Columbia College, Columbia University, Columbia University, Communist Party of China, Court of St James's, Doctor of Philosophy, Du Xigui, Gordon Parks, Gu (surname), Hu Weide, International Court of Justice, Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Kuomintang, League of Nations, Lou Tseng-Tsiang, Mai-Mai Sze, New York, New York City, Northern Expedition, Oei Tiong Ham, Pan Fu, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Peranakan, Philolexian Society, Premier of the Republic of China, President of the Republic of China, Qing dynasty, Republic of China (1912–49), Shandong Problem, Shanghai, St. John's University, Shanghai, Sun Baoqi, Tang Shaoyi, The Hague, The New York Times, Treaty of Versailles, United Nations, United States, Wei Tao-ming, Yan Huiqing, Yuan Shikai, Zhang Xueliang, Zhang Zuolin.
Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.
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Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.
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Cao Kun (Courtesy name: Zhongshan (仲珊)) (December 12, 1862 – May 15, 1938) was a President of Republic China and military leader of the Zhili clique in the Beiyang Army, he also served as trustee of the Catholic University of Peking.
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Chai Zemin (October, 1916 – June 7, 2010) was a Chinese diplomat, and the first ambassador of the People's Republic of China to the United States after the normalization of the Sino-US relationship in 1979.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Columbia College is the oldest undergraduate college at Columbia University, situated on the university's main campus in Morningside Heights in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Court of St James' is the royal court for the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.
Du Xigui (November 12, 1875 – December 28, 1933) was a Chinese admiral during the warlord era.
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Gordon Parks (November 30, 1912 – March 7, 2006) was an American photographer, musician, writer and film director.
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Gu can refer to several different Chinese family names.
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Hu Weide (1863 – 24 November 1933) was a Chinese politician and diplomat during the Qing dynasty and the Republic of China.
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The International Court of Justice (Cour internationale de justice; commonly referred to as the World Court or ICJ) is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations.
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on September 18, 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident.
The Kuomintang of China (or; KMT), or sometimes spelled as Guomindang (GMD) by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC).
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The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, "Société des Nations" abbreviated as SDN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
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Lou Tseng-Tsiang (12 June 1871 – 15 January 1949) was a Chinese diplomat and a Roman Catholic monk.
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Yuen Tsung Sze (December 2, 1909 – July 16, 1992) — known as Mai-mai Sze — was a Chinese-American painter and writer.
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New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
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New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
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The Northern Expedition, was a Kuomintang (KMT) military campaign, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, from 1926-28.
Oei Tiong Ham (1866–1924) was a Chinese Indonesian businessman.
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Pan Fu (22 November 1883 – 1936) was a Chinese politician and premier of the Republic of China from 1927 to 1928 during the Beiyang government.
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The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.
Peranakan Chinese and Baba-Nyonya are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who came to the Malay archipelago and British Malaya (now Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore) between the 15th and 17th centuries.
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The Philolexian Society of Columbia University is one of the oldest college literary societies in the United States, and the oldest student group at Columbia.
The President of the Executive Yuan, commonly known as the Premier of the Republic of China (sometimes as Prime Minister), is the head of the Executive Yuan, the executive branch of the Republic of China which currently administers Taiwan and surrounding islands.
The President of the Republic of China is the head of state of the Republic of China and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces, now commonly known as Taiwan.
The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Empire of the Great Qing, or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.
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The Republic of China governed the present-day territories of China, Mongolia and Taiwan at differing times between 1912 and 1949.
The Shandong Problem refers to the dispute over Article 156 of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which dealt with the concession of the Shandong (Shantung) peninsula.
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Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.
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Sun Baoqi (Traditional Chinese: 孫寶琦; Simplified Chinese: 孙宝琦; Hanyu Pinyin: Sūn Bǎoqí; Wade-Giles: Sun Pao-ch´i) (26 April 1867 – 3 February 1931) was a government official, foreign minister, and premier of the Republic of China.
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Tang Shaoyi (January 2, 1862 – September 30, 1938), courtesy name Shaochuan (少川), was a Chinese politician who briefly served as the first Premier of the Republic of China in 1912.
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The Hague (Den Haag or 's-Gravenhage) is the seat of government in the Netherlands, and the capital city of the province of South Holland.
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The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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Wei Tao-ming (Chinese: 魏道明 Pinyin: Wèi Dàomíng; October 28, 1899 – May 18, 1978) was a distinguished diplomat and public servant.
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Yan Huiqing (Wade–Giles: Yen Hui-Ch'ing, (Name in English: Yen, Wei Ching Williams or W.W. Yen) 顏惠慶 (2 April 1877 – 24 May 1950) was a Chinese writer, politician, and diplomat from Shanghai.
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Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese general, politician and "emperor", famous for his influence during the late Qing Dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.
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Zhang Xueliang or Chang Hsueh-liang (3 June 1901 in Haicheng, China – 15 October 2001 in Honolulu, Hawaii), occasionally called Peter Hsueh Liang Chang and nicknamed the "Young Marshal" (少帥), was the effective ruler of northeast China and much of northern China after the assassination of his father, Zhang Zuolin, by the Japanese on 4 June 1928.
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Zhang Zuolin ((1875–1928) was the warlord of Manchuria from 1916 to 1928 (see Warlord Era in China). He successfully invaded China proper in October 1924 in the Second Zhili-Fengtian War. He gained control of Peking, including China's internationally recognized government, in April 1926. The economy of Manchuria, the basis of Zhang's power, was overtaxed by his adventurism and collapsed in the winter of 1927-1928. Zhang was defeated by the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek in May 1928. He was killed by a bomb planted by a Japanese Kwantung Army officer on 4 June 1928. Although Zhang had been Japan's proxy in China, Japanese militarists were infuriated by his failure to stop the advance of the Nationalists. Zhang was fiercely anti-Republican and supported the restoration of the Qing dynasty. His nicknames include the "Old Marshal" (大帥, P: Dàshuài, W: Ta-shuai), "Rain Marshal" (雨帥, P: Yǔshuài, W: Yü-shuai) and "Mukden Tiger". The American press referred to him as "Marshal Chang Tso-lin, Tuchun of Manchuria.".
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