265 relations: Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin, Allied Commission, Allied Kommandatura, Allied-occupied Germany, Allies of World War II, Amsterdam, Autobahn, Bad Schandau, Baden, Basel, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Büchen, BBC News, Berg, Upper Franconia, Berlin, Berlin Air Safety Center, Berlin Anhalter Bahnhof, Berlin Blockade, Berlin Brigade, Berlin Friedrichstraße station, Berlin Görlitzer Bahnhof, Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Berlin Hermannstraße station, Berlin Jungfernheide station, Berlin Nordbahnhof, Berlin outer ring, Berlin Ringbahn, Berlin S-Bahn, Berlin Schönefeld Airport, Berlin Tempelhof Airport, Berlin U-Bahn, Berlin Wall, Berlin Zoologischer Garten railway station, Berlin-Stresow station, Berlin-Wannsee station, Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Bombardier Transportation, Bonn, Bornstedt (Potsdam), Boroughs and neighborhoods of Berlin, Brandenburg Gate, Bremen, British European Airways, Buß- und Bettag, Bundesautobahn 11, Bundesautobahn 12, Bundesautobahn 13, Bundesautobahn 15, Bundesautobahn 19, ..., Bundesautobahn 2, Bundesautobahn 24, Bundesautobahn 4, Bundesautobahn 9, Bundesgrenzschutz, Bundesrat of Germany, Bundesstraße 5, Bundestag, Central Germany (cultural area), Charlottenburg, Checkpoint Bravo, Checkpoint Charlie, Coach (bus), Coat of arms of Germany, Cold War, Council of Ministers of East Germany, Counterculture, Cumlosen, Czechoslovakia, Dallgow-Döberitz, Détente, Düsseldorf, Deutsche Bundespost, Deutsche Bundespost Berlin, Deutsche Mark, Deutsche Reichsbahn, Deutsche Reichsbahn (East Germany), Deutsche Welle, East Berlin, East German mark, East Germany, Eastern Bloc, Egon Bahr, Elbe, Elbe–Havel Canal, Enclave and exclave, Ernst Reuter, European Capital of Culture, European Economic Community, Falkensee, Federal Constitutional Court, Foreign-exchange reserves, Forst (Lausitz), Four Power Agreement on Berlin, Frankfurt, Frankfurt (Oder), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Free World, Friedrichstraße, Frohnau, Görlitz, Gedser, Geising, German reunification, Gerstungen, Glienicke Bridge, Glienicke/Nordbahn, Governing Mayor of Berlin, Greater Berlin Act, Gudow, Hallesches Tor (Berlin U-Bahn), Hamburg, Hamburg Airport, Handelsorganisation, Hanover, Havel, Hřensko, Heiligensee, Helmstedt, Helmstedt–Marienborn border crossing, Hennigsdorf, Herleshausen, Hirschberg, Thuringia, History of Germany (1945–90), Hohen Neuendorf, Hoppegarten, Ich bin ein Berliner, Inland navigation, Inner German border, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Interflug, Intershop, Interzonal traffic, John F. Kennedy, Judgment in Berlin, Kammergericht, Ketzin, Kleinmachnow, Kołbaskowo, Konrad Adenauer, Kreuzberg, Lauenburg, Leipzig, List of Commandants of Berlin Sectors, List of postal codes in Germany, Ludwigsstadt, Lufthansa, Mannheim, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mitte (locality), Mittelland Canal, Mittenwalde, Nadrensee, National Gendarmerie, Nauen, Nazi Germany, Neukölln, Neukölln Ship Canal, Non-Aligned Movement, Nonviolent revolution, Northern Germany, Nostorf, Nuremberg, Oberbaum Bridge, Oder, Oder–Havel Canal, Oebisfelde, Office of Military Government, United States, Oranienburg, Paris, Pentecost, Polish People's Republic, Potsdam, Potsdam Agreement, Potsdam Griebnitzsee station, Potsdamer Platz, Pound sterling, Probstzella, RAF Gatow, Rathaus Schöneberg, Rønne, Rühen, Reinickendorf, Republikflucht, Rhein-Main Air Base, Rhineland-Palatinate, Ronald Reagan, Rostock, Rotterdam, Ruhr, Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg, S2 (Berlin), S3 (Berlin), Sassnitz, Saxony, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Słubice, Schöneberg, Schönefeld, Schießbefehl, Schnackenburg, Schutzstaffel, Schwanheide, Seeburger Zipfel, Senate of Berlin, Senate Reserve, Sewage farm, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Social security, Sonnenallee (Berlin), Southern Germany, Soviet Military Administration in Germany, Soviet occupation zone, Soviet Union, Spandau, Spandau Prison, Spree, Staaken, States of Germany, Steglitz, Stunde Null, Szczecin, Töpen, Tear down this wall!, Telephone numbers in Germany, Teltow Canal, Tempelhof, The New York Times, Thuringia, Tiergarten, Berlin, Transit Agreement (1972), Travel visa, Tränenpalast, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Trelleborg, U.S. News & World Report, U6 (Berlin U-Bahn), U8 (Berlin U-Bahn), United Kingdom, United States Army Berlin, Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, Velten, Volkspolizei, Walter Momper, Wannsee, Wartha (Eisenach), Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Wedding (Berlin), Wehrmacht, West Berlin Air Corridor, West Germany, Western Bloc, Western Germany, Westhafen Canal, Wildeck, Willy Brandt, Wilmersdorf, Wittstock, Wolfsburg, Zarrentin am Schaalsee, Zasieki, Zehlendorf (Berlin), Zepernick station, 1986 West Berlin discotheque bombing. Expand index (215 more) » « Shrink index
The Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin (House of Representatives) is the state parliament (Landtag) of Berlin, Germany according to the city-state's constitution.
Following the termination of hostilities in World War II, the Allied Powers were in control of the defeated Axis countries.
The Allied Kommandatura, or often just Kommandatura, also known as the Alliierte Kommandantur in German, was the governing body for the city of Berlin following Germany's defeat in World War II.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
The Autobahn (plural) is the federal controlled-access highway system in Germany.
Bad Schandau (Žandov) is a spa town in Germany, in the south of the Free State of Saxony and the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.
Baden is a historical German territory.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Büchen is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Berg is a municipality in the district of Hof in Bavaria, Germany.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Berlin Air Safety Center (BASC) was established by the Allied Control Authority Coordinating Committee on 12 December 1945.
The Anhalter Bahnhof is a former railway terminus in Berlin, Germany, approximately 600 metres (0.5 mi) southeast of Potsdamer Platz.
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948–12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
The Berlin Brigade was a US Army brigade-sized garrison based in West Berlin during the Cold War.
Berlin Friedrichstraße is a railway station in the German capital Berlin.
Görlitzer Bahnhof was the name of the Berlin railway terminus for the mainline link between the capital, Cottbus in Brandenburg and Görlitz in Lower Silesia (since 1945 Saxony).
Berlin Hauptbahnhof (English: Berlin Central Station) is the main railway station in Berlin, Germany.
Berlin Hermannstraße is a railway station in the Neukölln district of Berlin.
Berlin Jungfernheide is a railway station located at Charlottenburg-Nord, in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin, served by the S-Bahn lines and, the U-Bahn line and Regional-Express trains of the Deutsche Bahn.
Berlin Nordbahnhof (formerly Stettiner Bahnhof) is a railway station in the Mitte district of Berlin, Germany.
The Berlin outer ring (Berliner Außenring, BAR) is a 125 km long double track electrified railway, originally built to bypass West Berlin during the division of Germany. It was developed by East Germany for economic, transport policy and military reasons between 1951 and 1961 and included parts of some older lines (Outer Freight Ring, Jüterbog–Nauen railway and Michendorf–Großbeeren railway). Without the completion of the outer ring it would not have been possible to build the Berlin Wall, sealing off West Berlin, without disrupting East Germany’s transport links. The Potsdam-Schönefeld Expressway was built for similar reasons. The term Outer ring is used to distinguish the line from the Ring line of inner Berlin.
The Ringbahn (German for Circular Railway) is a 37.5 km (23.3 mi) long railway line of the Berlin S-Bahn network in Germany, around the city centre.
The Berlin S-Bahn is a rapid transit railway system in and around Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
Berlin Schönefeld Airport is the secondary international airport of Berlin, the capital of Germany.
Berlin Tempelhof Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Tempelhof) was one of the airports in Berlin, Germany.
The Berlin U-Bahn (short for Untergrundbahn, "underground railway") is a rapid transit railway in Berlin, the capital city of Germany, and a major part of the city's public transport system.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Berlin Zoologischer Garten Station (Bahnhof Berlin Zoologischer Garten, colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) is a railway station in Berlin, Germany.
Stresow is a railway station in the Spandau district of Berlin, named after the Stresow neighbourhood east of the Havel river.
Berlin-Wannsee station (in German Bahnhof Berlin-Wannsee) is a railway station opened in 1874 which lies in the Wannsee district of Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (German for Berlin Transport Company) is the main public transport company of Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
Blankenfelde-Mahlow is a municipality in the Teltow-Fläming district of Brandenburg, Germany.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Bornstedt is a borough of Potsdam, Germany.
Berlin is both a city and one of Germany’s federal states (See: City state).
The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, built on the orders of Prussian king Frederick William II after the (temporarily) successful restoration of order during the early Batavian Revolution.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
British European Airways (BEA), formally British European Airways Corporation, was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
Buß- und Bettag (Day of Repentance and Prayer) was a public holiday in Germany, and is still a public holiday in Saxony.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany that was opened in 1936.
, also known as Autobahn der Freiheit is an autobahn in northeastern Germany, connecting Berlin to the Polish border.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany, connecting Berlin with Dresden.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany that connects the Baltic port of Rostock to the A 24, which continues to the A 10 ring road around Berlin.
is an autobahn in Germany that connects the Ruhr area in the west to Berlin in the east.
is an autobahn in northern Germany that connects the large metropolitan regions of Hamburg and Berlin.
is an autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction.
is an autobahn in Germany, connecting Berlin and Munich via Leipzig and Nuremberg.
Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS; Border Guard) was the first federal police organization in West Germany after World War II permitted by the Allied occupation authorities.
The German Bundesrat (literally "Federal Council") is a legislative body that represents the sixteen Länder (federated states) of Germany at the national level.
The Bundesstraße 5 (abbr. B5) is a German federal highway running in a northwesterly to southeasterly direction from the Danish border near Niebüll to Frankfurt (Oder).
The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.
Central Germany (Mitteldeutschland) is an economic and cultural region in Germany.
Charlottenburg is an affluent locality of Berlin within the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.
Checkpoint Bravo ("Checkpoint B") was the name given by the Western Allies to the main Autobahn border crossing points between West Berlin and the German Democratic Republic It was known in German as Grenzübergangsstelle Drewitz-Dreilinden.
Checkpoint Charlie (or "Checkpoint C") was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War (1947–1991).
A coach (also motor coach) is a type of bus used for conveying passengers.
The coat of arms of Germany displays a black eagle with a red beak, tongue and feet on a golden field, which is blazoned: Or, an eagle displayed sable beaked langued and membered gules.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Council of Ministers (German: Ministerrat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik) was the chief executive body of the German Democratic Republic from November 1950 until the country was unified with the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.
A counterculture (also written counter-culture) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.
Cumlosen is a municipality in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dallgow-Döberitz is a municipality in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Détente (meaning "relaxation") is the easing of strained relations, especially in a political situation.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
The Deutsche Bundespost (German federal post office) was a German state-run postal service and telecommunications business founded in 1947.
The Deutsche Bundespost Berlin (German Federal Mail of Berlin) was the name used on the stamps of West Berlin.
The Deutsche Mark ("German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or, was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later the unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.
The Deutsche Reichsbahn, also known as the German National Railway, the German State Railway, German Reich Railway, and the German Imperial Railway, was the name of the German national railway system created after the end of World War I from the regional railways of the individual states of the German Empire.
The Deutsche Reichsbahn or DR (German Reich Railways) was the operating name of state owned railways in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), and after German reunification until 31 December 1993.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
East Berlin existed from 1949 to 1990 and consisted of the Soviet sector of Berlin established in 1945.
The East German mark (German), commonly called the eastern mark in West Germany and after the reunification), in East Germany only Mark, was the currency of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Egon Karl-Heinz Bahr (18 March 1922 – 19 August 2015) was a German SPD politician.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
The Elbe–Havel Canal is a 56-kilometre-long waterway in Germany.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
Ernst Rudolf Johannes Reuter (29 July 1889 – 29 September 1953) was the German mayor of West Berlin from 1948 to 1953, during the time of the Cold War.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
Falkensee is a town in the Havelland district, Brandenburg, Germany.
The Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany.
Foreign-exchange reserves (also called forex reserves or FX reserves) is money or other assets held by a central bank or other monetary authority so that it can pay if need be its liabilities, such as the currency issued by the central bank, as well as the various bank reserves deposited with the central bank by the government and other financial institutions.
Forst (Lausitz) (Baršć) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
The Four Power Agreement on Berlin also known as the Berlin Agreement or the Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin was agreed on 3 September 1971 by the four wartime Allied powers, represented by their ambassadors.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frankfurt (Oder) (also Frankfurt an der Oder, abbreviated Frankfurt a. d. Oder, Frankfurt a. d. O., Frankf., 'Frankfurt on the Oder') is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the town of Słubice, which was part of Frankfurt until 1945.
The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Frankfurt General Newspaper), abbreviated FAZ, is a centre-right, liberal-conservativeHans Magnus Enzensberger: (in German).
The term Free World is a politically-charged propaganda term that was used during the Cold War to refer to the Western Bloc.
The Friedrichstraße (lit. Frederick Street) is a major culture and shopping street in central Berlin, forming the core of the Friedrichstadt neighborhood and giving the name to Berlin Friedrichstraße station.
Frohnau is a locality in the Reinickendorf borough of Berlin, Germany.
Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.
Gedser is a town at the southern tip of the Danish island of Falster in the Guldborgsund Municipality in Sjælland region.
Geising is a municipal subdivision of Altenberg in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Gerstungen is a municipality in the Wartburgkreis district of Thuringia, Germany.
The Glienicke Bridge (Glienicker Brücke) is a bridge across the Havel River in Germany, connecting the Wannsee district of Berlin with the Brandenburg capital Potsdam.
Glienicke/Nordbahn is a municipality in the Oberhavel district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
The Governing Mayor (Regierender Bürgermeister) of Berlin is the head of government, presiding over the Berlin Senate.
The Greater Berlin Act (Groß-Berlin-Gesetz), in full the Law Regarding the Creation of the New Municipality of Berlin (Gesetz über die Bildung einer neuen Stadtgemeinde Berlin), was a law passed by the Prussian government in 1920 that greatly expanded the size of the German capital of Berlin.
Gudow is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The underground station Hallesches Tor is part of the Berlin U-Bahn network at the intersection of the east-west bound U1/U3 and the north-south bound U6 in the central Kreuzberg quarter.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hamburg Airport, known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany.
The Handelsorganisation (“Trading Organisation”, or HO) was a national retail business owned by the central administration of the Soviet Zone of occupation in Germany and from 1949 on by the state of the German Democratic Republic.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
The Havel is a river in north-eastern Germany, flowing through the German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Berlin and Saxony-Anhalt.
Hřensko (Herrnskretschen) is a small village of approximately 275 inhabitants in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic on the border with Germany.
Heiligensee is a locality within Reinickendorf, a borough of the German capital, Berlin.
Helmstedt is a town on the eastern edge of the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Border checkpoint Helmstedt–Marienborn (Grenzübergang Helmstedt-Marienborn), named Grenzübergangsstelle Marienborn (GÜSt) (border crossing Marienborn) by the German Democratic Republic (GDR), was the largest and most important border crossing on the Inner German border during the division of Germany.
Hennigsdorf is a town in the district of Oberhavel, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Herleshausen is a community in the Werra-Meißner-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.
Hirschberg is a town in the Saale-Orla-Kreis district, in Thuringia, Germany.
As a consequence of the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, Germany was cut between the two global blocs in the East and West, a period known as the division of Germany.
Hohen Neuendorf is a town in the Oberhavel district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Hoppegarten is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany.
"Ich bin ein Berliner" ("I am a Berliner") is a quotation of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, in a speech given on June 26, 1963, in West Berlin.
Inland navigation is transport with ships via inland waterways (such as canals, rivers and lakes) between inland ports or quays and wharfs.
The inner German border (innerdeutsche Grenze or deutsch-deutsche Grenze; initially also Zonengrenze) was the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990.
The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU; Union Interparlementaire) is a global inter-parliamentary institution established in 1889 by Frédéric Passy (France) and William Randal Cremer (United Kingdom).
Interflug GmbH (Interflug Gesellschaft für internationalen Flugverkehr m.b.H.) was the national airline of East Germany from 1963 to 1990.
Intershop was a chain of government-run retail stores in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in which only hard currencies (and later Forum checks) could be used to purchase high-quality goods.
Inter-zonal traffic was the cross-border traffic between the four designated garrison zones in Germany between 1945 and 1973 that were created in 1945 by the victors of the Second World War.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Judgment in Berlin is a 1984 book by federal judge Herbert Jay Stern about a hijacking trial in the United States Court for Berlin in 1979, over which he presided.
The Kammergericht (KG) is the Oberlandesgericht, i.e. the highest state court, for the city-state of Berlin, Germany.
Ketzin (official name: Ketzin/Havel) is a town in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Kleinmachnow is a municipality in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Kołbaskowo (Kolbitzow) is a village in Police County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-western Poland, close to the German border.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.
Kreuzberg, a part of the combined Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg borough located south of Mitte since 2001, is one of the best-known areas of Berlin, Germany.
Lauenburg, or Lauenburg an der Elbe (Lauenburg/Elbe), is a town in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The following is a list of military commanders of divided and war torn Berlin between 1945 and 1994.
Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ; literally "postal routing number"), since 1 July 1993 consist of five digits.
Ludwigsstadt is a town in the district of Kronach, in the Upper Franconian region of Bavaria, Germany.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (often Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in English and commonly shortened to "Meck-Pomm" or even "McPom" or "M-V" in German) is a federal state in northern Germany.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
Mitte (German for "middle, centre", commonly used without an article) is a central locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the homonymous district (Bezirk) of Mitte.
The Mittelland Canal, also known as the Midland Canal, (Mittellandkanal) is a major canal in central Germany.
Mittenwalde is a town in the Dahme-Spreewald district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Nadrensee is a municipality in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie nationale) is one of two national police forces of France, along with the National Police.
Nauen is a small town in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neukölln ("New Cölln") is one of the twelve Boroughs of Berlin.
The Neukölln Ship Canal, or Neuköllner Schiffahrtskanal, is a long canal in Berlin, Germany.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
A nonviolent revolution is a revolution using mostly campaigns with civil resistance, including various forms of nonviolent protest, to bring about the departure of governments seen as entrenched and authoritarian.
Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.
Nostorf is a municipality in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Oberbaum Bridge (Oberbaumbrücke) is a double-deck bridge crossing Berlin's River Spree, considered one of the city's landmarks.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
The Oder–Havel Canal is a German canal built between 1908 and 1914, originally known as the Hohenzollern Canal, mostly replacing the Finow Canal.
Oebisfelde is a town and a former municipality in the Börde district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.
The Polish People's Republic (Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) covers the history of contemporary Poland between 1952 and 1990 under the Soviet-backed socialist government established after the Red Army's release of its territory from German occupation in World War II.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
The Potsdam Agreement (Potsdamer Abkommen) was the August 1945 agreement between three of the Allies of World War II, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Soviet Union.
Potsdam-Griebnitzsee station is an S-Bahn station in Potsdam on the outskirts of Berlin in the German state of Brandenburg.
Potsdamer Platz (literally Potsdam Square) is an important public square and traffic intersection in the centre of Berlin, Germany, lying about south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the southeast corner of the Tiergarten park.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Probstzella is a municipality in the district Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany.
Known for most of its operational life as Royal Air Force Station Gatow, or more commonly RAF Gatow, this former British Royal Air Force airfield (military airbase) is in the district of Gatow in south-western Berlin, west of the Havel river, in the borough of Spandau.
Rathaus Schöneberg is the city hall for the borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin.
Rønne is the largest town on the Danish island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea.
Rühen is a municipality in the district of Gifhorn, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
is the twelfth borough of Berlin.
"Republikflucht" ("desertion from the republic") and "Republikflüchtling(e)" ("deserter(s) from the republic") were the terms used by authorities in the German Democratic Republic (GDR – East Germany) to describe the process of and the person(s) leaving the GDR for a life in West Germany or any other Western (non-Warsaw Pact) country (Eastern Bloc emigration and defection).
Rhein-Main Air Base (located at) was a United States Air Force air base near the city of Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (rbb) (Berlin-Brandenburg Broadcasting) is an institution under public law (national broadcaster) for the German states of Berlin and Brandenburg, situated in Berlin and Potsdam.
S2 is a line on the Berlin S-Bahn.
S3 is a line on the Berlin S-Bahn.
Sassnitz (before 1993 in Saßnitz) is a town on the Jasmund peninsula, Rügen Island, in the Federal State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
The Süddeutsche Zeitung (German for South German Newspaper), published in Munich, Bavaria, is one of the largest daily newspapers in Germany.
Słubice (German Dammvorstadt) is a border town in the Lubusz Voivodeship of western Poland.
is a locality of Berlin, Germany.
Schönefeld is a suburban municipality in the Dahme-Spreewald district, Brandenburg, Germany.
The German term Schießbefehl ("order to fire") was the common term to refer to a standing order that instructed border patrols of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) to prevent border penetration by all means including lethal force.
Schnackenburg is a town in the Lüchow-Dannenberg district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
Schwanheide is a municipality in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The Seeburger Zipfel (Seeburg strip), comprising Weinmeisterhöhe and part of Groß Glienicke, was a Brandenburgian salient into Greater Berlin's city boundary and as such part of a land swap between Britain and the Soviet Union regarding West Berlin.
The Senate of Berlin is the executive body governing the city of Berlin, which at the same time is a state of Germany.
The Senate Reserve (Senatsreserve) was a stockpile of food and other necessities which the Senate of West Berlin was required to maintain in case of another Berlin Blockade.
Sewage farms use sewage for irrigation and fertilizing agricultural land.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." Social security is enshrined in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
The Sonnenallee is a street in Berlin, Germany, connecting the districts of Neukölln and Treptow-Köpenick.
Southern Germany as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken.
The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (Советская военная администрация в Германии, СВАГ; Sovyetskaya Voyennaya Administratsya v Germanii, SVAG; Sowjetische Militäradministration in Deutschland, SMAD) was the Soviet military government, headquartered in Berlin-Karlshorst, that directly ruled the Soviet occupation zone of Germany from the German surrender in May 1945 until after the establishment of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in October 1949.
The Soviet Occupation Zone (Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona Germanii, "Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany") was the area of central Germany occupied by the Soviet Union from 1945 on, at the end of World War II.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spandau is the westernmost of the twelve boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and extending along the western bank of Havel.
Spandau Prison was located in the borough of Spandau in western Berlin.
The Spree (Sprjewja, Spréva) is a river that flows through the Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin states of Germany, and in the Ústí nad Labem region of the Czech Republic.
is a locality at the western rim of Berlin within the borough of Spandau.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
is a locality of the Steglitz-Zehlendorf borough in the south-west of Berlin, the capital of Germany.
Stunde Null ("Hour Zero") is a term used by Germany referring to May 8, 1945 at midnight (in English the term is mostly used to refer to the end of World War Two).
Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Töpen is a municipality in Upper Franconia in the district of Hof in Bavaria in Germany.
"Tear down this wall!" is a line from a speech made by US President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987, calling for the leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, to open up the barrier which had divided West and East Berlin since 1961.
The regulation of telephone numbers in Germany is the responsibility of the Federal Network Agency (German: Bundesnetzagentur, BNetzA) of the German government.
The Teltow Canal, also known as the in German, is a canal to the south of Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
is a locality of Berlin within the borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.
Tiergarten (German for Animal Garden, historically for Deer Garden) is a locality within the borough of Mitte, in central Berlin (Germany).
The Transit Agreement or Transit Treaty of 26 May 1972 arranged access to and from West Berlin from West Germany, secured the right of West Berliners to visit East Berlin and East Germany, and secured the rights of East German citizens to visit West Germany, although only in cases of family emergency.
A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen") is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country.
The Tränenpalast ("Palace of Tears") is the Berlin colloquialism for the former border crossing at Berlin Friedrichstraße station, where East Germans said goodbye to visitors going back to West Germany.
The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany (Vertrag über die abschließende Regelung in Bezug auf Deutschland), or the Two Plus Four Agreement (Zwei-plus-Vier-Vertrag; short: German Treaty), was negotiated in 1990 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (the eponymous Two), and the Four Powers which occupied Germany at the end of World War II in Europe: the French Republic, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.
Trelleborg is a town in Scania, Sweden, with 28,290 inhabitants in 2010.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
U6 is a Berlin U-Bahn line, 19.9 km long line with 29 stations.
U8 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
U.S. Army Berlin (USAB) was a command of the United States Army created in December 1961 at the height of the Berlin Wall crisis.
The Uprising of 1953 in East Germany started with a strike by East Berlin construction workers on 16 June 1953.
Velten is a town in the Oberhavel district of Brandenburg, Germany.
The Volkspolizei – full official name: the Deutsche Volkspolizei (German People's Police), abbreviated to DVP or VP, and colloquially known as the VoPo – was the national police force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Walter Momper (born 21 February 1945) is a German politician and former Governing Mayor of Berlin (West Berlin 1989–1990, reunited Berlin 1990–1991).
Wannsee is a locality in the southwestern Berlin borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Germany.
Wartha is a town in the subdivision of Wartha-Göringen which forms part of the independent-city district of Eisenach in Thuringia state, Germany.
Württemberg-Hohenzollern (Wurtemberg-Hohenzollern) was a West German state created in 1945 as part of the French post-World War II occupation zone.
Wedding (der Wedding) is a locality in the borough of Mitte, Berlin, Germany and was a separate borough in the north-western inner city until it was fused with Tiergarten and Mitte in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
During the Cold War era (1945–1991), the West Berlin air corridors, also known as the Berlin corridors and control zone, were three regulated airways for civil and military air traffic of the Western Allies between West Berlin and West Germany passing over East Germany's territory.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
Western Germany is a region in the west of Germany.
The Westhafen Canal, or Westhafenkanal in German, is a canal in Berlin, Germany.
Wildeck is a community in Hersfeld-Rotenburg district in northeastern Hesse, Germany lying right at the boundary with Thuringia, 54 km southeast of Kassel.
Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.
Wilmersdorf, an inner-city locality of Berlin, lies south-west of the central city.
Wittstock/Dosse is a town in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in north-western Brandenburg, Germany.
Wolfsburg is the fifth largest city in the German state of Lower Saxony.
Zarrentin am Schaalsee, until 2004 simply Zarrentin, is a town in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
Zasieki (Forst-Berge) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Brody, within Żary County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland, close to the German border.
Zehlendorf is a locality within the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf in Berlin.
Zepernick (in German Bahnhof Zepernick) is a railway station in the village of Zepernick, Germany, part of the municipality of Panketal.
On 5 April 1986, three people were killed and 229 injured when La Belle discothèque was bombed in the Friedenau district of West Berlin.