168 relations: Alexander Bustamante, Anguilla, Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda, Antillean Creole, Arabic, Ashford Sinanan, Barbadian dollar, Barbados, Barbuda, Basseterre, Belize, Bermuda, Bicameralism, Bridgetown, British Leeward Islands, British Overseas Territories, British Virgin Islands, British West Indies, British West Indies dollar, British Windward Islands, Canada, Canada–Caribbean relations, Canadian Confederation, Capital city, Carib language, Caribbean, Caribbean Community, Caribbean Court of Justice, Caribbean Hindustani, Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, CARICOM Single Market and Economy, Carrot and stick, Castries, Cave Hill, Saint Michael, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Central America, Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago, Chief Justice, Chief Justice of Trinidad and Tobago, Chinese language, Cockburn Town, Commemorative stamp, Constitution, Cricket in the West Indies, Customs union, Cyprus, De facto, De jure, Decolonization, ..., Democratic Labour Party (West Indies Federation), Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, Dominica, Dutch language, East African Community, Eastern Caribbean dollar, Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, Elizabeth II, English language, Eric Williams, Errol Barrow, Europe, European Union, Federation, Federation of Australia, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Forged from the Love of Liberty, French language, George Town, Cayman Islands, God Save the Queen, Government of the United Kingdom, Governor, Governor-general, Governor-General of the West Indies Federation, Grantley Herbert Adams, Great Britain, Greater Antilles, Grenada, Guyana, Head of state, History of the British West Indies, History of the Caribbean, House of Representatives, Hurricane Alley, Icacos Point, Independence, Indian subcontinent, Island Caribs, Jamaica, Jamaica Labour Party, Jamaican Federation of the West Indies membership referendum, 1961, Jamaican Patois, Kingston, Jamaica, Kingstown, Leeward Islands, Lesser Antilles, List of proposed provinces and territories of Canada, Mandeville, Jamaica, Merchant vessel, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Montego Bay, Montserrat, Mulatto, Nationalism, Naval base, Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin, Norman Manley, North America, Observer status, Order in Council, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Patrick Buchan-Hepburn, 1st Baron Hailes, People's National Movement, Perry Christie, Phyllis Shand Allfrey, Plymouth, Montserrat, Port of Spain, Portuguese language, Postage stamp, Prime Minister of Jamaica, Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation, Rain shadow, Ralph Gonsalves, Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw, Roseau, Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, Saint Kitts, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Secession, Self-governing colony, Senate, Sierra Leone, South America, Sovereign state, Sovereignty, Spain, Spanish language, Spanish Town, St. George's, Grenada, St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda, Stanley Eugene Gomes, Taíno language, Tamil language, The Bahamas, The Crown, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago dollar, Turks and Caicos Islands, United Kingdom, United States, United States Virgin Islands, University of Minnesota Press, University of the West Indies, University of Toronto Press, Vere Bird, West India Regiments, West Indian, West Indies Associated States, West Indies cricket team, West Indies Federal Archives Centre, West Indies federal elections, 1958, West Indies Federal Labour Party, Windward Islands, Yoruba language. Expand index (118 more) » « Shrink index
Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante (24 February 1884 – 6 August 1977) was a Jamaican politician and labour leader, who, in 1962 became the first prime minister of Jamaica.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.
Antigua, also known as Waladli or Wadadli by the native population, is an island in the West Indies.
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Antillean Creole is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
HE Ashford Sastri Sinanan MP, CM (1923-1994) was a politician from Trinidad and Tobago who served in various roles prior to and following Trinidad and Tobago’s independence in 1962.
The dollar has been the currency of Barbados since 1935.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Barbuda is a small island located in the eastern Caribbean forming part of the sovereign Commonwealth nation of Antigua and Barbuda.
Basseterre, estimated population 13,000 in 2011, is the capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Bridgetown (UN/LOCODE: BB BGI) is the capital and largest city of Barbados.
The British Leeward Islands now refers to the Leeward Islands as an English and later British colony from 1671 to 1958, except for the years from 1816 to 1833.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The British Virgin Islands (BVI), officially simply "Virgin Islands", are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, to the east of Puerto Rico.
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the British Virgin Islands.
The British West Indies dollar (BWI$) was the currency of British Guiana and the Eastern Caribbean territories of the British West Indies from 1935 to 1965, when it was largely replaced by the East Caribbean dollar, and was one of the currencies used in Jamaica from 1954 to 1964.
The British Windward Islands was a British colony existing between 1833 and 1960 and consisting of the islands of Grenada, St Lucia, Saint Vincent, the Grenadines, Barbados (the seat of the governor until 1885, when it returned to its former status of a completely separate colony), Tobago (until 1889, when it was joined to Trinidad), and (from 1940) Dominica, previously included in the British Leeward Islands.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canada–Caribbean relations are the long established relationships between Canada and the many states of the Caribbean or West Indies.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Carib or Kari'nja is a Cariban language spoken by the Kalina people (Caribs) of South America.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is an organization of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies whose main objective is to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.
The Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ; Caribisch Hof van Justitie; Cour Caribéenne de Justice) is the judicial institution of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
Caribbean Hindustani is an Indo-Aryan language spoken as a lingua franca by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora.
The Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology was established in 1967 by the member states of the Caribbean Meteorological Organisation (CMO).
The CARICOM Single Market and Economy, also known as the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME), is an integrated development strategy envisioned at the 10th Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) which took place in July 1990 in Grand Anse, Grenada.
The phrase "carrot and stick" is a metaphor for the use of a combination of reward and punishment to induce a desired behavior.
Castries, population 20,000, aggl.
Cave Hill, St.
The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Chaguaramas (pronounced, in the local English dialect, "shag-gah-rah-muss") lies in the North West Peninsula of Trinidad west of Port of Spain; the name is often applied to the entire peninsula, but is sometimes used to refer to its most developed area.
The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.
The Chief Justice of Trinidad and Tobago is the highest judge of the state Trinidad and Tobago and presides its Supreme Court of Judicature.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Cockburn Town is the capital city of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
A commemorative stamp is a postage stamp, often issued on a significant date such as an anniversary, to honor or commemorate a place, event, person, or object.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
Cricket is the most popular sport in the Caribbean In the sport of cricket, the West Indies is a sporting confederation of fifteen mainly English-speaking Caribbean countries and territories, many of which historically formed the British West Indies.
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
The Democratic Labour Party was one of the two Federal parties in the short-lived West Indies Federation.
The Netherlands Antilles was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The Eastern Caribbean dollar (symbol: $; code: XCD) is the currency of all seven full members and one associate member of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).
The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is a superior court of record for the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), including six independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and three British Overseas Territories (Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, and Montserrat).
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The Rt Hon. Dr. Eric Eustace Williams TC, CH (25 September 1911 – 29 March 1981) served as the first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago.
Errol Walton Barrow, PC, QC (21 January 1920 – 1 June 1987) was a Caribbean statesman and the first Prime Minister of Barbados.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation (CAF), was a semi-independent federation of three southern African territories – the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland – between 1953 and 1963.
"Forged from the Love of Liberty" is the national anthem of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
George Town is a city situated on Grand Cayman island of the Cayman Islands.
"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King", depending on the gender of the reigning monarch) is the national or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
Governor-general (plural governors-general) or governor general (plural governors general), in modern usage, is the title of an office-holder appointed to represent the monarch of a sovereign state in the governing of an independent realm.
The following is a list of the Governors-General of the West Indies Federation (also known as the British Caribbean Federation), consisting of Antigua (with Barbuda), Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks & Caicos Islands.
Sir Grantley Herbert Adams, CMG, QC (28 April 1898 – 28 November 1971), was a Barbadian and British West Indian statesman.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.
Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
The term British West Indies refers to the former English and British colonies and the present-day overseas territories of the United Kingdom in the Caribbean.
The history of the Caribbean reveals the significant role the region played in the colonial struggles of the European powers since the 15th century.
House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles.
Hurricane Alley is an area of warm water in the Atlantic Ocean stretching from the west coast of northern Africa to the east coast of Central America and Gulf Coast of the Southern United States.
Icacos Point is the southwestern most point in Trinidad and Tobago.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
The Island Caribs, also known as the Kalinago or simply Caribs, are an indigenous Caribbean people of the Lesser Antilles.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) is one of the two major political parties in Jamaica, the other being the People's National Party (PNP).
A referendum on continued membership of the Federation of the West Indies was held in Jamaica on 19 September 1961.
Jamaican Patois, known locally as Patois (Patwa or Patwah) and called Jamaican Creole by linguists, is an English-based creole language with West African influences (a majority of loan words of Akan origin) spoken primarily in Jamaica and the Jamaican diaspora; it is spoken by the majority of Jamaicans as a native language.
Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.
Kingstown is the capital, chief port, and main commercial centre of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.
The Lesser Antilles are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Since Canadian Confederation in 1867, there have been several proposals for new Canadian provinces and territories.
Mandeville is the capital and largest town in the parish of Manchester in the county of Middlesex, Jamaica.
A merchant vessel, trading vessel or merchantman is a boat or ship that transports cargo or carries passengers for hire.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Montego Bay is the capital of the parish of St. James and is also Jamaica's only other officially incorporated city, referred to as The Second City or more widely known as MoBay in local lingo and sometimes Bay by the locals.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base, where warships and naval ships are docked when they have no mission at sea or want to restock.
Norman Washington Manley MM, QC, National Hero of Jamaica (4 July 1893 – 2 September 1969), was a Jamaican statesman.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Observer status is a privilege granted by some organizations to non-members to give them an ability to participate in the organization's activities.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Patrick George Thomas Buchan-Hepburn, 1st Baron Hailes, (2 April 1901 – 5 November 1974) was a British Conservative politician and the only Governor-General of the short-lived West Indies Federation (1958–1962).
The People's National Movement (PNM) is the present-day governing political party in Trinidad and Tobago.
Perry Gladstone Christie (born 21 August 1943), PC, MP, is a Bahamian former politician who served as Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 2002 to 2007 and from 2012 to 2017.
Phyllis Byam Shand Allfrey (24 October 1908 – February 4, 1986) was a West Indian writer, socialist activist, newspaper editor and politician of the island of Dominica in the Caribbean.
Plymouth was the capital city of the island of Montserrat, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom located in the Leeward Island chain of the Lesser Antilles, West Indies.
Port of Spain (also spelled Port-of-Spain) is the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago and the country's third-largest city, after Chaguanas and San Fernando.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
The Prime Minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness.
This is a list of the Prime Ministers of the West Indies Federation (also known as the British Caribbean Federation), consisting of ten provinces: Antigua (with Barbuda), Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica (with the Cayman Islands and the Turks & Caicos Islands), Montserrat, St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Trinidad and Tobago.
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
Ralph Everard Gonsalves (born 8 August 1946) is a Vincentian politician.
Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw (16 September 1916 – 23 May 1978) was the first Premier of Saint Kitts and Nevis in the Caribbean, and previously served as Chief Minister, legislator, and labour activist.
Roseau (Dominican Creole: Wozo) is the capital and largest city of Dominica, with a population of 14,725 (as of 2011).
Saint Christopher, Nevis, and Anguilla was a British colony in the West Indies from 1882 to 1983, consisting of the islands of Anguilla (until 1980), Nevis, and Saint Christopher (or Saint Kitts).
Saint Kitts, also known more formally as Saint Christopher Island, is an island in the West Indies.
Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island country in the West Indies.
Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a sovereign state in the Lesser Antilles island arc, in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lies in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
In the British Empire, a self-governing colony was a colony with an elected government in which elected rulers were able to make most decisions without referring to the colonial power with nominal control of the colony.
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature or parliament.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spanish Town is the capital and the largest town in the parish of St. Catherine in the historic county of Middlesex, Jamaica.
Sir Stanley Eugene Gomes was a Guyanese Judge who was Chief Justice of Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago.
Taíno is an extinct and poorly-attested Arawakan language that was spoken by the Taíno people of the Caribbean.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
The dollar (currency code TTD) is the currency of Trinidad and Tobago.
The Turks and Caicos Islands (and), or TCI for short, are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean and northern West Indies.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Virgin Islands (USVI; also called the American Virgin Islands), officially the Virgin Islands of the United States, is a group of islands in the Caribbean that is an insular area of the United States located east of Puerto Rico.
The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota.
The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks and Caicos Islands.
The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.
Sir Vere Cornwall Bird Sr., KNH (9 December 1910 – 28 June 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda.
The West India Regiments (WIR) were infantry units of the British Army recruited from and normally stationed in the British colonies of the Caribbean between 1795 and 1927.
A West Indian is a native or inhabitant of the West Indies (the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago).
The West Indies Associated States was the collective name for a number of islands in the Eastern Caribbean whose status changed from being British colonies to states in free association with the United Kingdom in 1967.
The West Indies cricket team, colloquially known as and (since June 2017) officially branded as the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing the Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies.
The West Indies Federal Archives Centre is the official depository of records from the defunct West Indies Federation.
Federal elections were held in the West Indies Federation for the first and only time on 25 March 1958.
The West Indies Federal Labour Party (or WIFLP) was one of the two main Federal parties in the short-lived West Indies Federation.
The Windward Islands are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies.
Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa.