598 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Abraham Wood, Acer saccharum, African Americans, Alaska Natives, Albizia julibrissin, Alcoholic beverage control state, Alderson Broaddus University, Alex Mooney, Alexander Spotswood, Alexandria, Virginia, Allegheny Mountains, Allegheny Plateau, Alliant Techsystems, Alpha Natural Resources, American ancestry, American Association of Geographers, American Baptist Churches USA, American Basketball Association (2000–present), American black bear, American Civil War, American Electric Power, American football, American Public University System, American Revolutionary War, Amtrak, Andrew Lewis (soldier), Animal husbandry, Anthracite, Anti-abortion movements, Appalachia, Appalachian Bible College, Appalachian League, Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests, Appalachian Mountains, Appalachian music, Appalachian Regional Commission, Appalachian Trail, Appalachian Trail Conservancy, Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests, Asian Americans, Association football, Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad, Augusta Heritage Festival, Bachelor's degree, Backpacking (wilderness), Baltimore, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Barack Obama, Battle of Point Pleasant, ..., Battle of Rich Mountain, BB&T, Beaver Wars, Beckley, West Virginia, Beech, Before Present, Berkeley County, West Virginia, Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, Bethany College (West Virginia), Bethesda Game Studios, Bicameralism, Big 12 Conference, Biodiversity, Bituminous coal, Blue, Blue Ridge Community and Technical College, Blue Ridge Mountains, Bluefield Blue Jays, Bluefield State College, Bluefield, West Virginia, Bluestone National Scenic River, Bob Evans Restaurants, Boeing, Border states (American Civil War), Braxton County, West Virginia, Bridgeport, West Virginia, BridgeValley Community and Technical College, Brook trout, Buckhannon, West Virginia, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Cabell Huntington Hospital, Calcium nitrate, Canaan Valley, Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge, Capital punishment in the United States, Cass Scenic Railroad State Park, Catholic Church, Cave, Center of population, Charles II of England, Charles Town, West Virginia, Charleston Area Medical Center, Charleston, West Virginia, Charleston, West Virginia metropolitan area, Cheat River, Cherokee, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, Chestnut, Chickamauga Cherokee, Christopher Gist, Churches of Christ, Civil engineer, Civil War Discovery Trail, Clarksburg, West Virginia, Clifftop, Fayette County, West Virginia, Clifton Forge, Virginia, Climate, Club (organization), Coal, Coal mining, Coal pier, Colony of Virginia, Concord University, Confederate States of America, Conference USA, Consol Energy, Continental Army, Coordinated Universal Time, Copper, Coral, Cornstalk, Cracker Barrel, Croatia, Cumberland Plateau, Cumberland, MD-WV MSA, Darden Restaurants, David McKinley, David T. Ansted, Davis & Elkins College, De jure, Deep pocket, Deepwater Railway, Democratic Party (United States), Disfranchisement, Dollar General, Dominion Transmission, Donald Trump, DuPont, Eastern Agricultural Complex, Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, Eastern Time Zone, Eastern West Virginia Community and Technical College, ECHL, Ecoregion, Ecosystem, Elizabeth, West Virginia, Elkins, West Virginia, Employment-to-population ratio, Energy Information Administration, English Americans, Essential Air Service, Evan Jenkins (politician), Fairfax Stone Historical Monument State Park, Fairmont State University, Fairmont, West Virginia, Fallout 76, Fayette County, West Virginia, Fayetteville, West Virginia, Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, FirstEnergy, Fishing, Flag of West Virginia, Forbes, Fort Ancient, Fort Henry (Virginia), Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Francis Harrison Pierpont, Frederick J. Kimball, French and Indian War, Frontier West Virginia, Future Generations University, Gassaway, West Virginia, Gauley River National Recreation Area, Gazette-Mail Kanawha County Majorette and Band Festival, Geologist, George B. McClellan, George Crumb, George Washington, George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, German Americans, Germans, Giles County, Virginia, Gino's Pizza and Spaghetti, Glen Ferris, West Virginia, Glenville State College, Glenville, West Virginia, Golden Delicious, GoMart, Gordon Battelle (minister), Grafton, West Virginia, Great Depression, Great Lakes, Green Bank Telescope, Gross receipts tax, Hagerstown metropolitan area, Hamlin, West Virginia, Hampton Roads, Hardiness zone, Hardwood, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, Harrisonburg, Virginia, Haynes Cave, Henry Huttleston Rogers, Hiking, Hinton, West Virginia, Hispanic and Latino Americans, Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races, Human migration, Humid subtropical climate, Hunting, Huntington, West Virginia, Huntington–Ashland metropolitan area, Ice hockey, Immigration, Immigration to the United States, Income tax, Index of West Virginia-related articles, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands, Industrial Revolution, Inheritance tax, Intermodal freight transport, Internal improvements, International Monetary Fund, Interstate 470 (Ohio–West Virginia), Interstate 64, Interstate 68, Interstate 70, Interstate 77, Interstate 79, Interstate 81, Interstate Highway System, Iraq, Irish Americans, Iroquois, Italian Americans, J. C. Penney, James River, Jefferson County, West Virginia, Jews, Jim Justice, Joe Manchin, John Brown (abolitionist), John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, John D. Imboden, John D. Rockefeller, John Denver, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, John S. Carlile, Jones Diamond, Kanawha County, West Virginia, Kanawha River, Kansas, Karst, Köppen climate classification, Keith-Albee Theatre, Kentucky, Keyser, West Virginia, Kingwood, West Virginia, Kmart, Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition, Kroger, Labor history (discipline), Lagerstroemia, Latin, Lewisburg, West Virginia, Libya, Lieutenant governor (United States), Limestone, Liquidambar styraciflua, Liquor, List of demonyms for U.S. states and territories, List of U.S. state fossils, List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones and gemstones, List of U.S. states and territories by area, List of U.S. states and territories by population, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Logan, West Virginia, Logging, Long knives, Lord Dunmore's War, Louisville and Nashville Railroad, Lowe's, Madison, West Virginia, Magnolia grandiflora, Maine, Maize, Manahoac, Maple, MARC Train, Marlinton, West Virginia, Marshall Thundering Herd, Marshall University, Martinsburg, West Virginia, Maryland, Massachusetts, Massey Energy, Matoaka, West Virginia, McDowell County, West Virginia, Megalonyx, Miami Herald, Micropolitan statistical area, Mid-Atlantic (United States), Midwestern United States, Milton, West Virginia, Mississippian (geology), Mitch Carmichael, Mitt Romney, Mon Health Medical Center, Monarch butterfly, Moneton, Monongahela culture, Monongahela National Forest, Monroe County, West Virginia, Moorefield, West Virginia, Morgantown metropolitan area, Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit, Morgantown, West Virginia, Mormons, Mound Builders, Moundsville, West Virginia, Mountain biking, Mountain Stage, Mountwest Community and Technical College, MTR Gaming Group, Mullens, West Virginia, Multiracial Americans, Muslim, Mylan, National Historic Landmark, National Park Service, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Native Americans in the United States, Native Hawaiians, Nevada, New England, New Martinsville, West Virginia, New River (Kanawha River tributary), New River Community and Technical College, New River Gorge Bridge, New River Gorge National River, New York–Penn League, Newport News, Virginia, Non-Hispanic whites, Norfolk and Western Railway, Norfolk Southern Railway, Norfolk, Virginia, North American Vertical Datum of 1988, North Carolina, North Central West Virginia, Northern cardinal, Northern Neck, Northern Panhandle of West Virginia, NPR, Oak Hill, West Virginia, Ohio, Ohio Company, Ohio River, Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge, Ohio Valley University, Old gold, Opuntia humifusa, Ordinance of Secession, Organ Cave, Our Southern Highlanders, Outline of West Virginia, Pacific Islander, Parkersburg, West Virginia, Parkersburg–Marietta–Vienna metropolitan area, Partnership, Patriot Coal, Pendleton County, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvanian (geology), Petersburg, West Virginia, Pew Research Center, Philadelphia Orchestra, Philippi, West Virginia, Pierpont Community and Technical College, Pilgrim's Pride, Pinus strobus, Pittsburgh, Platanus occidentalis, Pocahontas Coalfield, Point Pleasant micropolitan area, Point Pleasant, West Virginia, Potassium nitrate, Potomac River, Potomac State College of West Virginia University, Premier Development League, Presbyterian Church (USA), President of the West Virginia Senate, Princeton Rays, Princeton, West Virginia, Property tax, Prospect League, Protestantism, Public Policy Polling, Pulitzer Prize, Quarry, Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, Rafting, Rail trail, Rail transport, Rain shadow, Randolph County, West Virginia, Rappahannock River, Readjuster Party, Reconstruction era, Red states and blue states, Region, Republican Party (United States), Resort, Restored Government of Virginia, Rhapidophyllum, Rhododendron, Rio Tinto Alcan, Ripley, West Virginia, Rite Aid, Roanoke, Virginia, Robert E. Cowan, Robert E. Lee, Rock climbing, Romney, West Virginia, Sabal minor, Salem International University, Sales tax, Salt, Sandstone, Scotch-Irish Americans, Seal of West Virginia, Sediment, Seneca Rocks, Shale, Shawnee, Shelley Moore Capito, Shenandoah River, Shepherd University, Shepherdstown, West Virginia, Sheriffs in the United States, Shortline railroad, Siouan languages, Skiing, Slavery, Snowshoe, West Virginia, South Atlantic League, South Branch Valley Railroad, South Charleston, West Virginia, Southeastern United States, Southern Baptist Convention, Southern Railway (U.S.), Southern United States, Southern West Virginia, Southern West Virginia Community and Technical College, Sport, Sports league, Spruce, Spruce Knob, Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area, St. Albans, West Virginia, St. Mary's Medical Center (Huntington), Stalagmite, Standard Oil, Stratum, Suffrage, Summersville, West Virginia, Supreme Court of the United States, Susquehannock, Sutton, West Virginia, Taiga, Take Me Home, Country Roads, Tazewell County, Virginia, Teays Valley, West Virginia, The Greenbrier, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Thomas Jefferson, Timber rattlesnake, Tobacco, Tours, Toyota Motor Manufacturing West Virginia, Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, Tri-State Bruisers, TTEC, Tuckahoe-Cohee, Tudor's Biscuit World, Turkey (bird), Tutelo, Tygart Valley River, U.S. state, Ulster Scots people, Union (American Civil War), Union, West Virginia, United Methodist Church, United Parcel Service, United States, United States Census Bureau, United States Congress, United States Constitution, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Transportation, United States Geological Survey, United States House of Representatives, United States presidential election, 1960, United States presidential election, 1964, United States presidential election, 1968, United States presidential election, 1972, United States presidential election, 1976, United States presidential election, 1980, United States presidential election, 1984, United States presidential election, 1988, United States presidential election, 1992, United States presidential election, 1996, United States presidential election, 2000, United States presidential election, 2004, United States presidential election, 2008, United States presidential election, 2012, United States presidential election, 2016, University of Charleston, University of Charleston Stadium at Laidley Field, Upland South, Vandalia (colony), Vegetation, Vienna, West Virginia, Virginia, Virginia Board of Public Works, Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850, Virginia General Assembly, Virginia Secession Convention of 1861, Virginia v. West Virginia, Virginian Railway, Waitman T. Willey, Walmart, War-weariness, Washington metropolitan area, Washington, D.C., Wayne, West Virginia, Weirton, West Virginia, Weirton–Steubenville metropolitan area, Welch, West Virginia, West Liberty University, West Virginia Black Bears, West Virginia Chaos, West Virginia House of Delegates, West Virginia in the American Civil War, West Virginia Legislature, West Virginia MetroNews, West Virginia Miners, West Virginia Mountaineers, West Virginia Northern Community College, West Virginia Power, West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, West Virginia Senate, West Virginia State Capitol, West Virginia State University, West Virginia Symphony Orchestra, West Virginia Turnpike, West Virginia University, West Virginia University at Parkersburg, West Virginia University Institute of Technology, West Virginia Wesleyan College, West Virginia Wild, West Virginia's 1st congressional district, West Virginia's 2nd congressional district, West Virginia's 3rd congressional district, Western honey bee, Western Maryland Railway, Westo, Weston, West Virginia, Westsylvania, Wheeling Convention, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling Nailers, Wheeling Suspension Bridge, Wheeling Symphony Orchestra, Wheeling, West Virginia, Wheeling, West Virginia metropolitan area, White Americans, White Hispanic and Latino Americans, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, Whitewater, Wilderness, William A. MacCorkle, William Berkeley (governor), William Mahone, William Nelson Page, Williamson, West Virginia, Willow, Winchester, VA–WV MSA, Winding Gulf Coalfield, Women's Football Alliance, Work hardening, World Bank, Yeoman, 2010 United States Census, 2014 Elk River chemical spill, 50 State Quarters. Expand index (548 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Abraham Wood (1610–1682), sometimes referred to as "General" or "Colonel" Wood, was an English fur trader (specifically the beaver and deerskin trades) and explorer of 17th century colonial Virginia.
Acer saccharum, the sugar maple or rock maple, is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through Quebec and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and the northern parts of the Central and Eastern United States, from Minnesota eastward to the highlands of the eastern states.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of Alaska, United States and include: Iñupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.
Albizia julibrissin (Persian silk tree, pink silk tree) is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae, native to southwestern and eastern Asia.
Alcoholic beverage control states, generally called control states, are 17 states in the United States that, as of 2016, have state monopoly over the wholesaling or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits.
Alderson Broaddus University ("AB") is a private, four-year university in Philippi, West Virginia.
Alexander Xavier Mooney (born June 5, 1971) is the U.S. Representative for since 2015.
Alexander Spotswood (1676 – 6 June 1740) was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army and a noted Lieutenant Governor of Virginia.
Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Allegheny Mountain Range, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras.
The Allegheny Plateau, in the United States, is a large dissected plateau area in western and central New York, northern and western Pennsylvania, northern and western West Virginia, and eastern Ohio.
Alliant Techsystems Inc. (ATK) was an American aerospace, defense, and sporting goods company with its headquarters in Arlington County, Virginia, in the United States.
Alpha Natural Resources is a large American producer of metallurgical coal ("met coal") for the industrial production of steel and iron and low-sulfur thermal coal ("steam coal") to fuel steam boilers for the production of electrical power.
American ancestry refers to people in the United States who self-identify their ancestry as "American", rather than the more common officially recognized racial and ethnic groups that make up the bulk of the American people.
The American Association of Geographers (AAG) is a non-profit scientific and educational society aimed at advancing the understanding, study, and importance of geography and related fields.
The American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA) is a Baptist Christian denomination within the United States.
The American Basketball Association (ABA) is an American semi-professional men's basketball minor league that was founded in 1999.
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Electric Power (AEP) is a major investor-owned electric utility in the United States of America, delivering electricity to more than five million customers in 11 states.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
American Public University System (APUS) is a private, for-profit, online learning institution that is composed of American Military University (AMU) and American Public University (APU).
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Andrew Lewis (October 9, 1720 – September 26, 1781) was an Irish-born American pioneer, surveyor, and soldier of Colonial Virginia.
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.
Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster.
Anti-abortion movements, also referred to as pro-life movements, are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
Appalachian Bible College is a small, non-profit Bible college north of Beckley, West Virginia.
The Appalachian League of Professional Baseball is a Rookie-class Minor League Baseball league that began play in 1911.
The Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests is an ecoregion of the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
Appalachian music is the music of the region of Appalachia in the Eastern United States.
The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) is a United States federal-state partnership that works with the people of Appalachia to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life.
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the Eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine.
The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) (formerly Appalachian Trail Conference) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of the Appalachian Trail, a route in the eastern United States that runs from Maine to Georgia.
The Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests is an ecoregion in the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome, in the Eastern United States.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad (AM&O) was formed in 1870 in Virginia from 3 east-west railroads which traversed across the southern portion of the state.
Augusta Heritage Festival is a music and heritage festival held each summer at the Davis and Elkins College, Elkins, West Virginia.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Backpacking is the outdoor recreation of carrying gear on one's back, while hiking for more than a day.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
The Battle of Point Pleasant — known as the Battle of Kanawha in some older accounts — was the only major action of Dunmore's War.
The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.
BB&T Corporation (Branch Banking and Trust Company) is a financial service holding company based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars, encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th and 18th centuries in eastern North America.
Beckley is a city in and the county seat of Raleigh County, West Virginia, United States.
Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.
Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.
Berkeley County is in the Eastern Panhandle region of West Virginia in the United States.
Berkeley Springs is a town in, and the county seat of, Morgan County, West Virginia, United States, in the state's Eastern Panhandle.
Bethany College is a private, liberal arts college in Bethany, West Virginia, United States.
Bethesda Game Studios (BGS) is an American video game developer and a division of Bethesda Softworks based in Rockville, Maryland.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
The Big 12 Conference is a ten-school collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Irving, Texas.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
*Not to be confused with Blue Ridge Community College (Virginia) in a nearby area of Virginia. Blue Ridge Community and Technical College is a two-year college located in Martinsburg, in Berkeley County, West Virginia.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range.
The Bluefield Blue Jays are a minor league baseball team of the Rookie Appalachian League representing the twin cities of Bluefield, West Virginia, and Bluefield, Virginia, affiliated with the Toronto Blue Jays.
Bluefield State College (BSC) is a historically black college located in Bluefield, West Virginia, United States.
Bluefield is a city in Mercer County, West Virginia, United States.
The Bluestone National Scenic River protects a section of the Bluestone River in Summers and Mercer counties of southern West Virginia.
Bob Evans Restaurants is an American national chain of restaurants owned by Golden Gate Capital and based in New Albany, Ohio.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
In the context of the American Civil War (1861–65), the border states were slave states that did not declare a secession from the Union and did not join the Confederacy.
Braxton County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Bridgeport is a city in Harrison County, West Virginia, USA.
BridgeValley Community and Technical College (BVCTC) is a multi-campus community and technical college serving the Charleston, West Virginia metropolitan area.
The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae.
Buckhannon is the only incorporated city in, and the county seat of, Upshur County, West Virginia, United States, and is located along the Buckhannon River.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) of the United States Department of Commerce is a U.S. government agency that provides official macroeconomic and industry statistics, most notably reports about the gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States and its various units—states, cities/towns/townships/villages/counties and metropolitan areas.
Cabell Huntington Hospital is a regional, 303-bed academic medical center located in Huntington, West Virginia.
Calcium nitrate, also called Norgessalpeter (Norwegian saltpeter), is an inorganic compound with the formula Ca(NO3)2.
Canaan Valley is an oval, bowl-like upland valley in northeastern Tucker County, West Virginia, USA.
The Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge (CVNWR) in Tucker County, West Virginia, was the 500th National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) to be established in the United States.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 31 states, the federal government, and the military.
Cass Scenic Railroad State Park is a state park located in Cass, Pocahontas County, West Virginia.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A cave is a hollow place in the ground, specifically a natural space large enough for a human to enter.
In demographics, the center of population (or population center) of a region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Town, officially the City of Charles Town, is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia, and is also the county seat.
Charleston Area Medical Center (CAMC) is the name of a complex of hospitals in Charleston, West Virginia, formed via a merger of previously independent facilities.
Charleston is the most populous city in, and the capital of, the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Charleston Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in West Virginia, anchored by the city of Charleston.
The Cheat River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
The Cherokee (translit or translit) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park is located in the District of Columbia and the states of Maryland and West Virginia.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from several smaller Virginia railroads begun in the 19th century.
The chestnut (Castanea) group is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
The Chickamauga Cherokee were a group that separated from the greater body of the Cherokee tribes during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).
Christopher Gist (1706–1759) was a colonial British explorer, surveyor and frontiersman.
Churches of Christ are autonomous Christian congregations associated with one another through distinct beliefs and practices.
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
The Civil War Trust's Civil War Discovery Trail is a heritage tourism program that links more than 600 U.S. Civil War sites in more than 30 states.
Clarksburg is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County, West Virginia, United States, in the north-central region of the state.
Clifftop is an unincorporated community in Fayette County, West Virginia, United States.
Clifton Forge is a town in Alleghany County, Virginia, United States which is part of the Roanoke Region.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
A club is an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
A coal pier is a transloading facility designed for the transfer of coal between rail and ship.
The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey GilbertGILBERT (Saunders Family), SIR HUMPHREY" (history), Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, University of Toronto, May 2, 2005 in 1583, and the subsequent further south Roanoke Island (modern eastern North Carolina) by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s. The founder of the new colony was the Virginia Company, with the first two settlements in Jamestown on the north bank of the James River and Popham Colony on the Kennebec River in modern-day Maine, both in 1607. The Popham colony quickly failed due to a famine, disease, and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years. Jamestown occupied land belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy, and was also at the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies by ship in 1610. Tobacco became Virginia's first profitable export, the production of which had a significant impact on the society and settlement patterns. In 1624, the Virginia Company's charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony. After the English Civil War in the 1640s and 50s, the Virginia colony was nicknamed "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II for its perceived loyalty to the English monarchy during the era of the Protectorate and Commonwealth of England.. From 1619 to 1775/1776, the colonial legislature of Virginia was the House of Burgesses, which governed in conjunction with a colonial governor. Jamestown on the James River remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699; from 1699 until its dissolution the capital was in Williamsburg. The colony experienced its first major political turmoil with Bacon's Rebellion of 1676. After declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of the original thirteen states of the United States, adopting as its official slogan "The Old Dominion". The entire modern states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois, and portions of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania were later created from the territory encompassed, or claimed by, the colony of Virginia at the time of further American independence in July 1776.
Concord University is a comprehensive, public, liberal arts institution located in Athens, West Virginia, United States, founded on February 28, 1872, when the West Virginia Legislature passed "an Act to locate a Branch State Normal School, in Concord Church, in the County of Mercer".
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Conference USA (C-USA or CUSA) is a collegiate athletic conference whose current member institutions are located within the Southern United States.
Consol Energy Inc. is an American energy company with interests in coal and natural gas production headquartered in the suburb of Cecil Township, in the Southpointe complex, just outside Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
Cornstalk (Shawnee: Hokoleskwa or Hokolesqua) (ca. 1720 – November 10, 1777) was a prominent leader of the Shawnee nation just prior to the American Revolution (1775-1783).
Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc. is an American chain of combined restaurant and gift stores with a Southern country theme.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Cumberland Plateau is the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau in the Appalachian Mountains of the United States.
Cumberland, MD-WV MSA, or Cumberland Metro for short, is the Metropolitan Statistical Area of Cumberland, Maryland and the surrounding economic region of Allegany County, Maryland and Mineral County, West Virginia, in the United States.
Darden Restaurants, Inc. is an American multi-brand restaurant operator headquartered in Orlando.
David Bennett McKinley (born March 28, 1947) is an American businessman and politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
David Thomas Ansted FRS (5 February 181413 May 1880) was an English professor of geology and author of numerous books on geology.
Davis & Elkins College (D&E) is a small private liberal arts college in Elkins, West Virginia.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Deep pocket is an American slang term; it usually means "extensive financial wealth or resources".
The Deepwater Railway was an intrastate short line railroad located in West Virginia in the United States which operated from 1898 to 1907.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Disfranchisement (also called disenfranchisement) is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) of a person or group of people, or through practices, prevention of a person exercising the right to vote.
Dollar General Corporation is an American chain of variety stores headquartered in Goodlettsville, Tennessee.
Dominion Transmission is a natural gas pipeline that brings gas from the Dominion Cove Point LNG terminal in Maryland and gas from Ohio and Virginia into extensive natural gas storage fields in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, and also brings gas into New England.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
The Eastern Agricultural Complex was one of about 10 independent centers of plant domestication in the pre-historic world.
The Eastern Panhandle is the eastern of the two panhandles in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Eastern West Virginia Community & Technical College is a two-year college with its main campus located at Moorefield in Hardy County, West Virginia, United States.
The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a mid-level professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and two franchises in Canada.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Elizabeth is a town in, and the county seat of Wirt County, West Virginia along the Little Kanawha River.
Elkins is a city in Randolph County, West Virginia, USA.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development defines the employment rate as the employment-to-population ratio.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Essential Air Service (EAS) is a U.S. government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which, before deregulation, were served by certificated airlines, maintained commercial service.
Evan Hollin Jenkins (born September 12, 1960) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for since 2015.
Fairfax Stone Historical Monument State Park is a West Virginia state park commemorating the Fairfax Stone, a surveyor's marker and boundary stone at the source of the North Branch of the Potomac River.
Fairmont State University is a public university in Fairmont, West Virginia.
Fairmont is a city in Marion County, West Virginia, United States.
Fallout 76 is an upcoming online multiplayer action role-playing video game developed by Bethesda Game Studios and published by Bethesda Softworks.
Fayette County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Fayetteville is a town in and the county seat of Fayette County, West Virginia, United States.
The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
FirstEnergy Corp is an electric utility headquartered in Akron, Ohio.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
The flag of West Virginia is the official flag of the U.S. state of West Virginia and was officially adopted by the West Virginia Legislature on March 7, 1962.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Fort Ancient is a name for a Native American culture that flourished from Ca.
Fort Henry was an English frontier fort in 17th century colonial Virginia near the falls of the Appomattox River.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
Francis Harrison Pierpont (January 25, 1814March 24, 1899), called the "Father of West Virginia,"http://theintelligencer.net/page/content.detail/id/586708/Francis-Harrison-Pierpont---Father-of-West-Virginia-.html?nav.
Frederick James Kimball (March 6, 1844 – July 27, 1903) was a civil engineer.
The French and Indian War (1754–63) comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1756–63.
Frontier West Virginia, Inc. is one of the original Bell Operating Companies and provides local telephone service in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Future Generations University (formerly Future Generations Graduate School) is a global graduate school that offers a Master of Arts in Applied Community Change.
Gassaway is a town in Braxton County, West Virginia, in the United States.
The Gauley River National Recreation Area, located near Summersville, West Virginia, protects a portion of the Gauley River and a segment of the Meadow River in southern West Virginia.
The Gazette-Mail Kanawha County Majorette and Band Festival (formerly Daily Mail) is an annual festival dedicated to the public high school bands and majorette corps in Kanawha County, West Virginia.
A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.
George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician.
George Crumb (born October 24, 1929) is an American composer of avant-garde music.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
The George Washington and Jefferson National Forests are U.S. National Forests that combine to form one of the largest areas of public land in the Eastern United States.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Giles County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Gino's Pizza and Spaghetti is a restaurant chain with 40 locations, most of them within the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Glen Ferris is a census-designated place (CDP) on the western bank of the Kanawha River in Fayette County, West Virginia.
Glenville State College (GSC) is a public four-year college in Glenville, West Virginia.
Glenville is a town in and the county seat of Gilmer County, West Virginia, United States, along the Little Kanawha River.
The Golden Delicious is a cultivar of apple with a yellow color, not closely related to the Red Delicious apple.
GoMart, Inc. is a convenience store chain based in Gassaway, West Virginia.
Gordon Battelle (November 14, 1814 – August 7, 1862) was an Methodist minister, educator, abolitionist, chaplain and one of the founders of the state of West Virginia during the American Civil War.
Grafton is a city in — and the county seat of — Taylor County, West Virginia, USA.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in Green Bank, West Virginia, US is the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope.
A gross receipts tax or gross excise tax is a tax on the total gross revenues of a company, regardless of their source.
The Hagerstown–Martinsburg Metropolitan Area, officially designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as Hagerstown–Martinsburg, Maryland–West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), constitutes the primary cities of Hagerstown, Maryland, Martinsburg, West Virginia, and surrounding areas in three counties: Washington County, Maryland, Berkeley County, West Virginia, and Morgan County, West Virginia.
Hamlin, originally named "Hamline," is a town in Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States, along the Mud River.
Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water in Virginia and the surrounding metropolitan region in Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina, United States.
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
Harpers Ferry is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States.
Harrisonburg is an independent city in the Shenandoah Valley region of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Haynes Cave is a cave within the Greenbrier River watershed in West Virginia.
Henry Huttleston Rogers (January 29, 1840 – May 19, 1909) was an American Industrialist and financier.
Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.
Hinton is a city in Summers County, West Virginia, United States.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races is a race track and casino just outside the eastern city limits of Charles Town, West Virginia, owned by Gaming and Leisure Properties and operated by Penn National Gaming.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Huntington is a city in Cabell County and Wayne County in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Huntington–Ashland metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan statistical area in West Virginia and includes seven counties across three states: West Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
The Eastern Woodlands is a cultural area of the indigenous people of North America.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
A tax paid by a person who inherits money or property or a levy on the estate (money and property) of a person who has died.
Intermodal freight transport involves the transportation of freight in an intermodal container or vehicle, using multiple modes of transportation (e.g., rail, ship, and truck), without any handling of the freight itself when changing modes.
Internal improvements is the term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
Interstate 470 (I-470) is a auxiliary Interstate Highway of I-70 that bypasses the city of Wheeling, West Virginia, in the United States.
Interstate 64 (I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the Eastern United States.
Interstate 68 (I-68) is a Interstate Highway in the U.S. states of West Virginia and Maryland, connecting I-79 in Morgantown, West Virginia, to I-70 in Hancock, Maryland.
Interstate 70 (I-70) is a major Interstate Highway in the United States that runs from I-15 near Cove Fort, Utah to I-695 near Baltimore, Maryland.
Interstate 77 (I-77) is a north–south Interstate Highway in the eastern United States.
Interstate 79 (abbreviated I-79) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States, designated from Interstate 77 in Charleston, West Virginia to Pennsylvania Route 5 and Pennsylvania Route 290 in Erie, Pennsylvania.
Interstate 81 (I-81) is a north–south (physically northeast–southwest) Interstate Highway in the eastern part of the United States.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Jefferson County is the easternmost county of the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
James Conley Justice II (born April 27, 1951) is an American coal mining and agriculture businessman and politician who is the 36th and current Governor of West Virginia.
Joseph Manchin III (born August 24, 1947) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from West Virginia, a seat he has held since 2010.
John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was an American abolitionist who believed in and advocated armed insurrection as the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry (also known as John Brown's raid or The raid on Harper's Ferry) was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
John Daniel Imboden (February 16, 1823August 15, 1895), American lawyer, Virginia state legislator and a Confederate army general.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
Henry John Deutschendorf Jr. (December 31, 1943 – October 12, 1997), known professionally as John Denver, was an American singer-songwriter, record producer, actor, activist, and humanitarian, whose greatest commercial success was as a solo singer.
John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, PC (1730 – 25 February 1809), generally known as Lord Dunmore, was a Scottish peer and colonial governor in the American colonies and The Bahamas.
John Snyder Carlile (December 16, 1817October 24, 1878) was an American merchant, lawyer, and politician, including a United States Senator.
The “Jones Diamond,” also known as the “Punch Jones Diamond,” "The Grover Jones Diamond," or "The Horseshoe Diamond," was a 34.48 carat (6.896 g) alluvial diamond found in Peterstown, West Virginia by members of the Jones family.
Kanawha County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Kanawha River is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 97 mi (156 km) long, in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Keith-Albee is a theatre located along Fourth Avenue in downtown Huntington, West Virginia in the United States of America.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Keyser is a city in and the county seat of Mineral County, West Virginia, United States.
Kingwood is a city in and the county seat of Preston County, West Virginia, United States, and is part of the Pittsburgh DMA.
Kmart Corporation (simply known as Kmart and stylized as kmart) is an American big box department store chain headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, United States.
The Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition, also known as the Transmontane Expedition, took place in 1716 in the British Colony of Virginia.
The Kroger Company, or simply Kroger, is an American retailing company founded by Bernard Kroger in 1883 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Labor history or labour history is a sub-discipline of social history which specialises on the history of the working classes and the labor movement.
Lagerstroemia, commonly known as crape myrtle or crepe myrtle, is a genus of around 50 species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs native to the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, northern Australia, and parts of Oceania, cultivated in warmer climates around the world.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lewisburg is a city in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
In the United States, 45 of the 50 states have an office of lieutenant governor.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), also known as American storax, hazel pine, bilsted, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, alligatorwood, or simply sweetgum, is a deciduous tree in the genus Liquidambar native to warm temperate areas of eastern North America and tropical montane regions of Mexico and Central America.
Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, or spirits) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation.
This is a list of official and notable unofficial terms used to designate the citizens of specific states and territories of the United States.
Most American states have made a state fossil designation, in many cases during the 1980s.
States in the U.S. which have significant mineral deposits often create a state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone to promote interest in their natural resources, history, tourism, etc.
This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area.
As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population.
A state of the United States is one of the 50 constituent entities that shares its sovereignty with the federal government.
Logan is a city in Logan County, West Virginia, United States, along the Guyandotte River.
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
Long knives or big knives was a term used by the Iroquois, and later by the Mingo and other Natives of the Ohio Country to designate British colonists of Virginia, in contradistinction to those of New York and Pennsylvania.
Lord Dunmore's War — or Dunmore's War — was a 1774 conflict between the Colony of Virginia and the Shawnee and Mingo American Indian nations.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad, commonly called the L&N, was a Class I railroad that operated freight and passenger services in the southeast United States.
Lowe's Companies, Inc., doing business as Lowe's, and stylized as LOWE'S, is a Fortune 500 American company that has a took in list with a revenue of $68,619 Million and operates a chain of retail home improvement and appliance stores in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Madison is a city and former coal town in Boone County, West Virginia, United States.
Magnolia grandiflora, commonly known as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the family Magnoliaceae native to the southeastern United States, from coastal North Carolina to central Florida, and west to East Texas.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Manahoac, also recorded as Mahock, were a small group of Siouan-language American Indians in northern Virginia at the time of European contact.
Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
MARC (Maryland Area Regional Commuter) Train Service, known prior to 1984 as Maryland Rail Commuter, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.
Marlinton is a town in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, United States.
The Marshall Thundering Herd is the intercollegiate athletic collection of teams that collectively represent the Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia.
Marshall University is a coeducational comprehensive public research university in Huntington, West Virginia, United States, founded in 1837, and named after John Marshall, the fourth Chief Justice of the United States.
Martinsburg is a city in and the county seat of Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States, in the tip of the state's Eastern Panhandle region.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Massey Energy Company was a coal extractor in the United States with substantial operations in West Virginia, Kentucky and Virginia.
Matoaka is a small town in Mercer County, West Virginia, United States.
McDowell County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Megalonyx (Greek, "large claw") is an extinct genus of ground sloths of the family Megalonychidae endemic to North America from the Hemphillian of the Late Miocene through to the Rancholabrean of the Pleistocene, living from ~10.3 Mya—11,000 years ago, existing for approximately.
The Miami Herald is a daily newspaper owned by the McClatchy Company and headquartered in Doral, Florida, a city in western Miami-Dade County and the Miami metropolitan area, several miles west of downtown Miami.
United States micropolitan statistical areas (µSA, where the initial Greek letter mu represents "micro-"), as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), are labor market areas in the United States centered on an urban cluster (urban area) with a population of at least 10,000 but fewer than 50,000 people.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Milton is a town in Cabell County, West Virginia, United States.
The Mississippian (also known as Lower Carboniferous or Early Carboniferous) is a subperiod in the geologic timescale or a subsystem of the geologic record.
Mitchell Brian Carmichael (born April 15, 1960) is an American politician and a Republican member of the West Virginia Senate representing District 4 since 2012.
Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and politician who served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
Mon Health Medical Center (formerly Monongalia General Hospital) is a 189-bed acute-care community hospital and Level IV Trauma Center located in Morgantown, West Virginia.
The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae.
The Moneton were a historical Native American tribe from West Virginia.
The Monongahela culture were a Native American cultural manifestation of Late Woodland peoples from AD 1050 to 1635 in present-day western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, eastern Ohio, and West Virginia.
The Monongahela National Forest is a national forest located in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, USA.
Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Moorefield is a town in Hardy County, West Virginia, USA.
The Morgantown Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in North-Central West Virginia, anchored by the city of Morgantown.
Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit (WVU PRT) is a personal rapid transit (PRT) system in Morgantown, West Virginia, United States.
Morgantown is a city in and the county seat of Monongalia County, West Virginia, situated along the banks of the Monongahela River.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
The various cultures collectively termed Mound Builders were inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious, ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes.
Moundsville is a city in Marshall County, West Virginia, along the Ohio River.
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
Mountain Stage is a two-hour music radio show, first aired in 1983, produced by West Virginia Public Broadcasting and distributed worldwide by National Public Radio (NPR).
Mountwest Community and Technical College or also known as MCTC, is the name of a public community college serving the metropolitan Huntington, West Virginia area in the United States.
MTR Gaming Group was a gaming company based in Chester, West Virginia that operated horse racing tracks and racinos.
Mullens is a city in Wyoming County, West Virginia.
Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Mylan N.V. is an American global generic and specialty pharmaceuticals company registered in the Netherlands, with principal executive offices in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK and global headquarters in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, US.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) is a Federally Funded Research and Development Center of the United States National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc for the purpose of radio astronomy.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New Martinsville is a city in Wetzel County, West Virginia, United States, along the Ohio River.
The New River is a river which flows through the U.S. states of North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia before joining with the Gauley River to form the Kanawha River at the town of Gauley Bridge, West Virginia.
New River Community and Technical College is West Virginia's newest independently accredited institution of higher education.
The New River Gorge Bridge is a steel arch bridge long over the New River Gorge near Fayetteville, West Virginia, in the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States.
The New River Gorge National River is a unit of the United States National Park Service designed to protect and maintain the New River Gorge in southern West Virginia.
The New York–Penn League is a Minor League Baseball league which operates in the northeastern United States.
Newport News is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
The Norfolk and Western Railway was a US class I railroad, formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982.
The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States.
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical control datum of orthometric height established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America based upon the General Adjustment of the North American Datum of 1988.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
North Central West Virginia (sometimes known as "Mountaineer Country") is a region of the U.S. State of West Virginia.
The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a North American bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird, common cardinal or just cardinal (which was its name prior to 1985).
The Northern Neck is the northernmost of three peninsulas (traditionally called "necks" in Virginia) on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay in the Commonwealth of Virginia (the other two are the Middle Peninsula and the Virginia Peninsula).
The Northern Panhandle is the northern of the two panhandles in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Oak Hill is a city in Fayette County, West Virginia, United States and is the primary city within the Oak Hill, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The Ohio Company, formally known as the Ohio Company of Virginia, was a land speculation company organized for the settlement by Virginians of the Ohio Country (approximately the present state of Ohio) and to trade with the Native Americans.
The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
The Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge (ORINWR) is a National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in non-contiguous sites consisting of islands along of the Ohio River, primarily (85% of acreage) in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Ohio Valley University is a private, four-year Christian college and is affiliated with the Churches of Christ.
Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from light olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow, generally on the darker side of this range.
Opuntia humifusa, commonly known as the devil's-tongue, eastern prickly pear or Indian fig, is a cactus native to parts of eastern North America.
The Ordinance of Secession is the general name given to documents drafted and ratified in 1860 and 1861 by each of the thirteen southern states and the Territory of Arizona formally seceding from the United States of America.
Organ Cave is a large and historic cave in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, USA.
Our Southern Highlanders: A Narrative of Adventure in the Southern Appalachians and a Study of Life Among the Mountaineers is a book written by American author Horace Kephart (1862–1931), first published in 1913 and revised in 1922.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of West Virginia: West Virginia – U.S. state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
Pacific Islanders or Pasifikas are the peoples of the Pacific Islands.
Parkersburg is a city in and the county seat of Wood County, West Virginia, United States.
The Parkersburg–Marietta–Vienna Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in West Virginia and one in Ohio, anchored by the cities of Parkersburg, West Virginia, Marietta, Ohio, and Vienna, West Virginia.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
Patriot Coal Corporation was a coal-mining company based in St. Louis, Missouri in the United States.
Pendleton County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Pennsylvanian (also known as Upper Carboniferous or Late Carboniferous) is, in the ICS geologic timescale, the younger of two subperiods (or upper of two subsystems) of the Carboniferous Period.
Petersburg is a city in Grant County, West Virginia, USA.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
The Philadelphia Orchestra is an American symphony orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Philippi (pronounced 'FILL-uh-pea') is a city in — and the county seat of — Barbour County, West Virginia, USA.
Founded in 1974, Pierpont Community and Technical College (Pierpont) has the second largest enrollment of the 10 Community and Technical Colleges that make up the West Virginia Community and Technical College System.
Pilgrim's Pride Corporation, is a Brazilian-owned, multi-national food company, currently the largest chicken producer in the United States and Puerto Rico and the second-largest chicken producer in Mexico.
Pinus strobus, commonly denominated the eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine (British), and soft pine accessed 12 August 2013 is a large pine native to eastern North America.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Platanus occidentalis, also known as American sycamore, American planetree, occidental plane, and buttonwood, is one of the species of Platanus native to North America.
Pocahontas Coalfield, which is also known as the Flat Top-Pocahontas Coalfield, is located in Mercer County/McDowell County, West Virginia and Tazewell County, Virginia.
The Point Pleasant Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties – one in West Virginia and one in Ohio – anchored by the city of Point Pleasant, West Virginia.
Point Pleasant is a city in and the county seat of Mason County, West Virginia, USA, at the confluence of the Ohio and Kanawha Rivers.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
The Potomac River is located within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States and flows from the Potomac Highlands into the Chesapeake Bay.
Potomac State College of West Virginia University is a two-year junior college affiliated as a division of West Virginia University.
The Premier Development League (commonly known as the PDL) is a development soccer league sponsored by United Soccer Leagues in the United States and Canada, forming part of the United States soccer league system.
The Presbyterian Church (USA), or PC (USA), is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.
The President of the West Virginia Senate is a member of the West Virginia Senate who has been elected to be its president by the other senators.
The Princeton Rays are a Minor League Baseball team in Princeton, West Virginia, USA.
Princeton, often referred to as the "Jewel of the South," is a city in and the county seat of Mercer County, West Virginia, United States.
A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.
The Prospect League is a collegiate summer baseball league comprising teams of college players from North America and beyond.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Public Policy Polling (PPP) is a U.S. Democratic polling firm based in Raleigh, North Carolina.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
A quarry is a place from which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate has been excavated from the ground.
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
Rafting and white water rafting are recreational outdoor activities which use an inflatable raft to navigate a river or other body of water.
A rail trail is the conversion of a disused railway track into a multi-use path, typically for walking, cycling and sometimes horse riding and snowmobiling.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia, in the United States, approximately in length.
The Readjuster Party was a political biracial coalition formed in Virginia in the late 1870s during the turbulent period following the Reconstruction era.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
A resort (North American English) is an isolated place, self-contained commercial establishment that tries to provide most of a vacationer's wants, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping, on the premises.
The Restored Government of Virginia, also known as the Reorganized Government of Virginia, was the Unionist government of Virginia during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
Rhapidophyllum hystrix, the needle palm, is a palm, the sole member of the genus Rhapidophyllum.
Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.
Rio Tinto Alcan Inc. (now Rio Tinto) is a Canadian company based in Montreal.
Ripley is a city in and the county seat of Jackson County, West Virginia, United States.
Rite Aid Corporation is a drugstore chain in the United States and a Fortune 500 company.
Roanoke is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Robert Edwin Cowan (November 9, 1830 – July 14, 1887) was a Virginia lawyer and politician who served in the Virginia House of Delegates and the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861 and as a Confederate officer.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.
Romney is a city in and the county seat of Hampshire County, West Virginia, USA.
Sabal minor, commonly known as the dwarf palmetto, is a small species of palm.
Salem University is a for-profit college located in Salem, West Virginia.
A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Great Seal of the State of West Virginia was adopted in September 1863.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Seneca Rocks is a large crag and local landmark in Pendleton County in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, USA.
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
The Shawnee (Shaawanwaki, Ša˙wano˙ki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki) are an Algonquian-speaking ethnic group indigenous to North America. In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana, and Illinois. Pushed west by European-American pressure, the Shawnee migrated to Missouri and Kansas, with some removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s. Other Shawnee did not remove to Oklahoma until after the Civil War. Made up of different historical and kinship groups, today there are three federally recognized Shawnee tribes, all headquartered in Oklahoma: the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, and Shawnee Tribe.
Shelley Wellons Moore Capito (born November 26, 1953) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from West Virginia since 2015.
The Shenandoah River is a tributary of the Potomac River, long with two forks approximately long each,U.S. Geological Survey.
Shepherd University, formerly Shepherd College, is a state-funded university in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, United States.
Shepherdstown is a town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, in the United States, located in the lower Shenandoah Valley along the Potomac River.
In the United States, a sheriff is an official in a county or independent city responsible for keeping the peace and enforcing the law.
A shortline railroad is a small or mid-sized railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance relative to larger, national railroad networks.
Siouan or Siouan–Catawban is a language family of North America that is located primarily in the Great Plains, Ohio and Mississippi valleys and southeastern North America with a few outlier languages in the east.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Snowshoe is an unincorporated community in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, United States, centering on the Snowshoe Mountain ski resort.
The South Atlantic League is a Minor League Baseball league with teams along the Atlantic coastline of the United States from New Jersey to Georgia.
The South Branch Valley Railroad consists of a 52.4 mile (84.33 km) length of railroad in the U.S. state of West Virginia extending north along the South Branch Potomac River from Petersburg to the CSXT mainline at Green Spring adjacent to the Potomac River.
South Charleston is a city in Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States The population was 13,450 at the 2010 census.
The Southeastern United States (Sureste de Estados Unidos, Sud-Est des États-Unis) is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a Christian denomination based in the United States.
The Southern Railway (also known as Southern Railway Company and now known as the current incarnation of the Norfolk Southern Railway) is a name of a class 1 railroad that was based in the Southern United States.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Southern West Virginia is a culturally and geographically distinct region in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
Southern West Virginia Community and Technical College (Southern) is a community college in southwestern West Virginia, United States.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
A sports league is a group of sports teams that compete against each other in a specific sport.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
Spruce Knob, at, is the highest point in the state of West Virginia and the summit of Spruce Mountain, the highest peak in the Allegheny Mountains.
Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area is a U.S. National Recreation Area (NRA) located within the Monongahela National Forest of eastern West Virginia, USA.
A stalagmite (or; from the Greek σταλαγμίτης -, from σταλαγμίας -, "dropping, trickling") is a type of rock formation that rises from the floor of a cave due to the accumulation of material deposited on the floor from ceiling drippings.
Standard Oil Co.
In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Summersville is a city in Nicholas County, West Virginia, USA.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Susquehannock people, also called the Conestoga (by the English)The American Heritage Book of Indians, pages 188-189 were Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans who lived in areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its tributaries ranging from its upper reaches in the southern part of what is now New York (near the lands of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy), through eastern and central Pennsylvania West of the Poconos and the upper Delaware River (and the Delaware nations), with lands extending beyond the mouth of the Susquehanna in Maryland along the west bank of the Potomac at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay.
Sutton is a town in Braxton County, West Virginia, in the United States.
Taiga (p; from Turkic), also known as boreal forest or snow forest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches.
"Take Me Home, Country Roads", also known as "Country Roads, Take Me Home" or "Country Roads", is a song written by Bill Danoff, Taffy Nivert, and John Denver.
Tazewell County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Virginia.
Teays Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Putnam County, West Virginia, United States.
The Greenbrier is a luxury resort located in the Allegheny Mountains near White Sulphur Springs in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, in the United States.
Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (October 22, 1693December 9, 1781) was a Scottish peer.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
The timber rattlesnake, canebrake rattlesnake or banded rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus),Wright AH, Wright AA (1957).
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Tours is a city located in the centre-west of France.
Toyota Motor Manufacture West Virginia, Inc (TMMWV).
The Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, subsequently the Weston State Hospital, was a Kirkbride psychiatric hospital that was operated from 1864 until 1994 by the government of the U.S. state of West Virginia, in the city of Weston.
The Tri-State Bruisers were a women's semi-professional football team based in the Huntington–Ashland, WV–KY–OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
TTEC (formerly TeleTech Holdings) is a business process outsourcing company headquartered in Englewood, Colorado, United States which was founded by Kenneth D. Tuchman in 1982.
Tuckahoe and cohee were terms used during the 18th and 19th centuries to describe two contrasting cultural groups in the Virginia and Carolina areas of the United States.
Tudor's Biscuit World is a restaurant chain and franchise based in Huntington, West Virginia, most commonly found in West Virginia.
The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas.
The Tutelo (also Totero, Totteroy, Tutera; Yesan in Tutelo) were Native American people living above the Fall Line in present-day Virginia and West Virginia.
The Tygart Valley River — also known as the Tygart River — is a principal tributary of the Monongahela River, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch), also called Ulster-Scots people (Ulstèr-Scotch fowk) or, outside the British Isles, Scots-Irish (Scotch-Airisch), are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
Union is a town in Monroe County, West Virginia, United States.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.
United Parcel Service (UPS) is an American multinational package delivery and supply chain management company.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960.
The United States presidential election of 1964, the 45th quadrennial American presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 3, 1964.
The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.
The United States presidential election of 1972, the 47th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972.
The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1984 was the 50th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1988 was the 51st quadrennial United States presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2004, the 55th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
The University of Charleston (UC), formerly Morris Harvey College, is a private accredited university based in Charleston, West Virginia, United States.
The University of Charleston Stadium is an 18,500-capacity stadium located in downtown Charleston, West Virginia, near the state Capitol complex.
The terms Upland South and Upper South refer to the northern section of the Southern United States, in contrast to the Lower South or Deep South.
Vandalia was the name in the late 1700s of a proposed British colony in North America.
Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide.
Vienna is a city in Wood County, West Virginia, along the Ohio River.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Virginia Board of Public Works was a governmental agency which oversaw and helped finance the development of Virginia's transportation-related internal improvements during the 19th century.
The Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850 was an assembly of elected delegates chosen by the voters to write the fundamental law of Virginia.
The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619.
The Virginia Secession Convention of 1861 was called in Richmond to determine secession from the United States, to govern the state during a state of emergency, and to write a new Constitution for Virginia, which was subsequently voted down in referendum under the Confederate regime.
Virginia v. West Virginia,, is a 6-to-3 ruling by the Supreme Court of the United States which held that where a governor has discretion in the conduct of the election, the legislature is bound by his action and cannot undo the results based on fraud.
The Virginian Railway was a Class I railroad located in Virginia and West Virginia in the United States.
Waitman Thomas Willey (October 18, 1811May 2, 1900) was a Virginia lawyer and politician from Morgantown.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Political war-weariness is the public or political disapproval for the continuation of a prolonged conflict or war.
The Washington metropolitan area is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Wayne is a town in Wayne County, West Virginia, United States.
Weirton (pron. WEER-ton) is a city in Brooke and Hancock counties in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Weirton–Steubenville metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is part of the Pittsburgh Tri-State area (CSA).
Welch is a city located in McDowell County in the State of West Virginia.
West Liberty University is a public university in West Liberty, West Virginia, United States, near Wheeling.
The West Virginia Black Bears are a Minor League Baseball team based in Granville, West Virginia.
West Virginia Chaos is an American soccer team based in Charleston, West Virginia, United States.
The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature.
The U.S. state of West Virginia was formed out of western Virginia and added to the Union as a direct result of the American Civil War (see History of West Virginia), in which it became the only state to declare its independence from the Confederacy.
The West Virginia Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of West Virginia.
West Virginia MetroNews is a radio network heard on many radio stations throughout the State of West Virginia.
The West Virginia Miners are a collegiate summer baseball team located in Beckley, West Virginia.
The West Virginia Mountaineers are the athletic teams that represent West Virginia University.
West Virginia Northern Community College (WVNCC, or simply "Northern") is a public, multi-campus community college with the main campus located in downtown Wheeling, West Virginia, United States.
The West Virginia Power is a minor league baseball team of the South Atlantic League, and is the Class A affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates.
The West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine (WVSOM) is a public medical school for osteopathic medicine located in Lewisburg in the US State of West Virginia.
The West Virginia Senate is the upper house of the West Virginia Legislature.
The West Virginia State Capitol is the seat of government for the U.S. state of West Virginia, and houses the West Virginia Legislature and the office of the Governor of West Virginia.
West Virginia State University (WVSU) was founded as a historically black public university in Institute, West Virginia, United States.
The West Virginia Symphony Orchestra is a regional orchestra that performs primarily at the Clay Center in Charleston, West Virginia.
The West Virginia Turnpike is a toll road in the US state of West Virginia.
West Virginia University (WVU) is a public, land-grant, space-grant, research-intensive university in Morgantown, West Virginia, United States.
West Virginia University at Parkersburg is a public college located in Parkersburg, West Virginia, United States.
West Virginia University Institute of Technology is a four-year college located in Beckley, West Virginia.
West Virginia Wesleyan College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college in Buckhannon, West Virginia, United States.
The West Virginia Wild were a proposed professional indoor football team based in Huntington, West Virginia.
West Virginia's 1st congressional district is located in the northern part of the state.
West Virginia's 2nd congressional district stretches from the Ohio River border with Ohio to the Potomac River border with Maryland and the border with Virginia.
West Virginia's 3rd congressional district is located in the southern part of the state, it is based in the state's second largest city, Huntington and includes Bluefield, Princeton, and Beckley.
The western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is the most common of the 7–12 species of honey bee worldwide.
The Western Maryland Railway was an American Class I railroad (1852–1983) which operated in Maryland, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania.
The Westo were a Native American tribe encountered in the Southeastern U.S. by Europeans in the 17th century.
Weston is a city in Lewis County, West Virginia, United States.
Westsylvania was a proposed state of the United States located primarily in what is now West Virginia, southwestern Pennsylvania, and small parts of Kentucky, Maryland, and Virginia.
The 1861 Wheeling Convention was an assembly of Virginia Southern Unionist delegates from the northwestern counties of Virginia, aimed at repealing the Ordinance of Secession, which had been approved by referendum, subject to a vote.
Wheeling Jesuit University (WJU) is a private, coeducational Roman Catholic university in the United States.
The Wheeling Nailers are an ECHL ice hockey team based in Wheeling, West Virginia.
The Wheeling Suspension Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the main channel of the Ohio River at Wheeling, West Virginia.
The Wheeling Symphony Orchestra is an American orchestra based in Wheeling, West Virginia.
Wheeling is a city in Ohio and Marshall counties in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia and one in eastern Ohio, anchored by the city of Wheeling.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
In the United States, a White Hispanic is an American citizen or resident who is racially white and of Hispanic descent.
White Sulphur Springs is a city in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States.
Whitewater is formed in a rapid, when a river's gradient increases enough to create so much turbulence that air is entrained into the water body, that is, it forms a bubbly or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white.
Wilderness or wildland is a natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by human activity.
William Alexander MacCorkle (May 7, 1857September 24, 1930), was a United States teacher, lawyer, prosecutor, the ninth Governor of West Virginia and state legislator of West Virginia, and financier.
Sir William Berkeley (1605 – 9 July 1677) was a colonial governor of Virginia, and one of the Lords Proprietors of the Colony of Carolina; he was appointed to these posts by King Charles II of England, of whom he was a favourite.
William Mahone (December 1, 1826October 8, 1895) was an American civil engineer, railroad executive, Confederate general, and politician.
William Nelson Page (January 6, 1854 – March 7, 1932) was an American civil engineer and industrialist.
Williamson is a city in Mingo County, West Virginia, United States, along the Tug Fork River.
Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.
Winchester, VA–WV MSA is a U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as of June, 2003.
The Winding Gulf Coalfield is located in western Raleigh County and eastern Wyoming County, in southern West Virginia.
The Women's Football Alliance (WFA) is a full-contact Women's American football league that began play in 2009.
Work hardening, also known as strain hardening, is the strengthening of a metal or polymer by plastic deformation.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
A yeoman was a member of a social class in late medieval to early modern England.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
The Elk River chemical spill occurred on January 9, 2014 when crude 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol (MCHM) was released from a Freedom Industries facility into the Elk River, a tributary of the Kanawha River, in Charleston in the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The 50 State Quarters Program was the release of a series of circulating commemorative coins by the United States Mint.
35th State, Climate of West Virginia, Culture of West Virginia, Demographics of West Virginia, Loyal Virginia, Mountain State, Religion in West Virginia, Sports in West Virginia, State of West Virginia, State symbols of West Virginia, The Mountain State, Thirty-Fifth State, Thirty-fifth State, US-WV, Virginie-Occidentale, W V, W. Va., W.V., W.Va., W.v., WV, Wes Virginia, West VA, West Virginia (State), West Virginia (U.S. state), West Virginia (state), West Virginia, United States, West Vrignia, West virgina, West virginia, WestVirginia, Wv, Wv..