313 relations: Amphibian, Anaimalai Hills, Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Anamudi, Anamudi Shola National Park, Anorthosite, Arabian Sea, Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Aralvaimozhi, Aryankavu, Athirappilly Falls, Bagridae, Bandipur National Park, Basalt, Bauxite, Bay of Bengal, Belgaum, Bengal tiger, Berijam Lake, Betadevario ramachandrani, Bhadra River, Bharathappuzha, Bhavani River, Bhima River, Biligiriranga Hills, Biodiversity hotspot, Biosphere reserves of India, BirdLife International, Bivalvia, Black-and-orange flycatcher, Black-chinned laughingthrush, Blue-winged parakeet, Brackish water, Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, Broad-tailed grassbird, Bufo, Caecilians of the Western Ghats, Cardamom Hills, Carinotetraodon imitator, Cavefish, Cenozoic, Central Zoo Authority of India, Cethosia nietneri, Chalakudy River, Chaliyar, Chandoli National Park, Charnockite, Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Coimbatore, ..., Common carp, Cremnoconchus, Crimson-backed sunbird, Critically endangered, Cullenia, Cyprinidae, Damselfly, Dario (genus), Data deficient, Dawkinsia, Day's round herring, Deccan Herald, Deccan Plateau, Denison barb, Desh, Maharashtra, Devikulam, Diabase, Diapause, Dindigul, Dipterocarpaceae, Dragonfly, Drainage basin, Drainage system (geomorphology), Dudhsagar Falls, Dwarf pufferfish, Eastern Ghats, Ecoregion, Elevation, Endangered species, Endemism, Eravikulam National Park, Erosion, Escarpment, Fault (geology), Flowering plant, Food and Agriculture Organization, Freshwater mollusc, Gadgil Committee, Gastropoda, Gaur, Generalist and specialist species, Geophysics, Ghataprabha River, Gneiss, Goa, Goa Gap, Godavari River, Gondwana, Government of India, Granite, Granulite, Grass Hills National Park, Great hornbill, Grey-breasted laughingthrush, Grey-headed bulbul, Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, Habitat destruction, Hemavati River, Hillstream loach, Hindustan Times, Hogenakkal Falls, Horabagrus, Horaglanis, Horalabiosa, Hydroelectricity, Hypselobarbus, Idukki Dam, Idukki district, India, Indian elephant, Indian leopard, Indigenous peoples, Indoreonectes, Indrella ampulla, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Introduced species, Irrigation, Jog Falls, Kaas plateau, Kabini River, Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Kali River (Karnataka), Kanara, Kanyakumari, Karian Shola National Park, Karimpuzha National Park, Karnataka, Kaveri, Kerala, Khondalite, Kochi, Kodaikanal, Kodaikanal Lake, Kolhapur, Konkan, Koyna Hydroelectric Project, Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, Krishna River, Kryptoglanis shajii, Kudremukh, Kunchikal Falls, Kurinjimala Sanctuary, Land snail, Laterite, Lauraceae, Least-concern species, Leech, Lepidopygopsis typus, Limestone, Linganamakki Dam, Lion-tailed macaque, List of butterflies of the Western Ghats, List of national parks of India, List of World Heritage Sites in India, Madagascar, Madhav Gadgil, Magod Falls, Maharashtra, Mahseer, Malabar barbet, Malabar Coast, Malabar grey hornbill, Malabar large-spotted civet, Malabar snakehead, Malampuzha Dam, Malaprabha River, Malenadu, Mammal, Man and the Biosphere Programme, Mandovi River, Mangalore, Marunthuvazh Malai, Mathikettan Shola National Park, Meenmutty Falls, Wayanad, Mesonoemacheilus, Mettur Dam, Monopterus, Monsoon, Montane grasslands and shrublands, Mudumalai National Park, Mugger crocodile, Mukurthi National Park, Mumbai, Munnar, Nagarhole National Park, Near-threatened species, Nemacheilidae, Netravati River, New Amarambalam Reserved Forest, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Nilgiri blue robin, Nilgiri flycatcher, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri mountains, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri tahr, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Norman Myers, North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, North Western Ghats montane rain forests, Odonata, Ooty, Ooty Lake, Orography, Osteobrama bakeri, Overexploitation, Palakkad Gap, Palani, Palani Hills, Pamba River, Pambar River, Pampadum Shola National Park, Parambikulam Dam, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, Parapsilorhynchus, Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar (river), Periyar National Park, Phallus indusiatus, Philautus, Pollachi, Polypedates, Pookode Lake, Project Elephant, Project Tiger, Protected areas of India, Pseudomulleria dalyi, Pune, Purple frog, Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, Pykara, Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary, Rain shadow, Rainbow trout, Reptile, Reserve forest, Rhacophorus, Rohtee ogilbii, Rufous babbler, Sathodi Falls, Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary, Satpura Range, Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Schistura sharavathiensis, Schistura striata, Sharavati, Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Shevaroy Hills, Shivanasamudra Falls, Silent Valley National Park, Sisoridae, Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Songadh, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, South India, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, South Western Ghats montane rain forests, Species description, Species richness, Sundarbans, Surat, Talakaveri, Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, Tapti River, Teak, Thamirabarani River, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, The Hindu, The Indian Express, The Times of India, Theni, Thiruvananthapuram, Threatened species, Tirumala, Tor khudree, Transpiration, Travancoria, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tropical rainforests of India, Tungabhadra River, Unchalli Falls, UNESCO, Uropeltidae, Vagamon, Vulnerable species, Wayanad district, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, Western India, White-bellied blue flycatcher, White-bellied treepie, Wildlife corridor, Wildlife Institute of India, Wildlife sanctuaries of India, World Heritage site, Wynaad laughingthrush, Year, Zebra loach, Zuari River. 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Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
The Anamala or Anaimalai Hills, also known as the Elephant Mountains, are the range of mountains that form the southern portion of the Western Ghats and span the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in Southern India.
Anamalai Tiger Reserve, earlier known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park (IGWLS&NP) and previously as Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the Anaimalai Hills of Pollachi, Valparai and Udumalpet taluks of Coimbatore District and Tiruppur District, Tamil Nadu state, South India.
Anamudi (ആനമുടി) is a mountain located in the Indian state of Kerala.
Anamudi Shola National Park (Malayalam: ആനമുടി ഷോല ദേശീയ ഉദ്യാനം) is a protected area located along the Western Ghats in Idukki District, Kerala state, South India.
Anorthosite is a phaneritic, intrusive igneous rock characterized by its composition: mostly plagioclase feldspar (90–100%), with a minimal mafic component (0–10%).
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is the northernmost wildlife sanctuary of Kerala, southwest India.
Aralvaimozhi (or Aramboly) is a panchayat town in Kanniyakumari District in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Aryankavu is a village in Punalur, Kollam district, Kerala.
Athirappilly Falls, is situated in Athirappilly Panchayat, Chalakudy Taluk, Thrissur District of Kerala, India on the Chalakudy River, which originates from the upper reaches of the Western Ghats at the entrance to the Sholayar ranges.It is the largest waterfall in Kerala, which stands tall at 80 feet.
The Bagridae are a family of catfish that are native to Africa (Bagrus) and Asia (all other genera) from Japan to Borneo.
Bandipur National Park established in 1974 as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger, is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka, which is the state with the highest tiger population in India.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Belgaum (also known as Belagavi, Belgavi and Venugrama or "bamboo village") is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka located in its northern part along the Western Ghats.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
Berijam Lake is a reservoir near Kodaikanal town in Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, South India.
Betadevario ramachandrani is a species of cyprinid fish that is found only in the upper Seetha River drainage in Karnataka, India.
The Bhadra River (Kannada: ಭದ್ರಾ ನದಿ) is a river in Karnataka state in southern India.
Bharathappuzha ("River of Bhārata"), also known as the River Nila, is a river in India in the state of Kerala.
Bhavani is a major river in Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu, India.
The Bhima River is a major river in Western India and South India.
The Biligirirangana Hills, commonly called BR Hills, is a hill range situated in south-eastern Karnataka, at its border with Tamil Nadu (Erode District) in South India.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction.
The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.
BirdLife International (formerly the International Council for Bird Preservation) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.
The black-and-orange flycatcher or black-and-rufous flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa) is a species of flycatcher endemic to the central and southern Western Ghats, the Nilgiris and Palni hill ranges in southern India.
The black-chinned laughingthrush or rufous-breasted laughingthrush has been split into the following species.
The blue-winged parakeet, also known as the Malabar parakeet (Psittacula columboides) is a species of parakeet endemic to the Western Ghats of southern India.
Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.
Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary The Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuary is located in the Kodagu (Coorg) district, Karnataka state and is part of the Western Ghats.
The broad-tailed grassbird (Schoenicola platyurus) is a species of Old World warbler in the Locustellidae family.
Bufo is a large genus of about 150 species of true toads in the amphibian family Bufonidae.
The Western Ghats in India are home to several species of caecilians (Gymnophiona).
The Cardamom Hills or Yela Mala are mountain range of southern India and part of the southern Western Ghats located in southeast Kerala and southwest Tamil Nadu in South India.
Carinotetraodon imitator, commonly known as dwarf Malabar puffer, is a species of pufferfish found in rivers in the Western Ghats of India.
Cavefish or cave fish is a generic term for fresh and brackish water fish adapted to life in caves and other underground habitats.
The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.
The Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA) is the body of the government of India responsible for oversight of zoos.
Cethosia nietneri, the Tamil lacewing, is a species of nymphalid butterfly found in Sri Lanka and south India.
Chalakudy River or Chalakudy Puzha is the fifth longest river in Kerala, India.
Chaliyar is the fourth longest river in Kerala at 169 km in length.
Chandoli National Park (चांदोली राष्ट्रीय उद्यान) is natural World Heritage Site and National Park spread overSatara, Kolhapur and Sangli District, Maharashtra State, India, established in May 2004.
Charnockite is applied to any orthopyroxene-bearing quartz-feldspar rock, composed mainly of quartz, perthite or antiperthite and orthopyroxene (usually hypersthene) formed at high temperature and pressure, commonly found in granulite facies metamorphic regions, as an end-member of the charnockite series.
Chimmini Wildlife sanctuary is a national park located along the Western Ghats in Mukundapuram taluk of Thrissur District of Kerala state in India.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS) is located 18 km north of Marayoor on SH 17 in the Marayoor and Kanthalloor panchayats of Devikulam taluk in the Idukki district of Kerala state in South India.
Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia.
Cremnoconchus is a genus of small freshwater snails, gastropod mollusks in the (mostly marine) family Littorinidae, the winkles or periwinkles.
The crimson-backed sunbird or small sunbird (Leptocoma minima) is a sunbird endemic to the Western Ghats of India.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Cullenia is a genus of flowering plants native to India and Sri Lanka.
The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fishes, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives (for example, the barbs and barbels).
Damselflies are insects of the suborder Zygoptera in the order Odonata.
Dario is a genus of very small chameleonfishes native to freshwater in China, India and Burma.
A data deficient (DD) species is one which has been categorised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as offering insufficient information for a proper assessment of conservation status to be made.
Dawkinsia is a genus of cyprinid fishes from freshwater in South India and Sri Lanka.
The Day's round herring (Dayella malabarica) is a relative of the herring that is endemic to southwestern India.
Deccan Herald (DH) is an English daily newspaper published from the Indian state of Karnataka by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
The Denison barb, Denison's barb, Miss Kerala, red-line torpedo barb, or roseline shark (Sahyadria denisonii) is an endangered species of cyprinid fish endemic to the fast-flowing hill streams and rivers of the Western Ghats in India.
Desh is a region of Maharashtra state in central India.
Devikulam is a small hill station about from Munnar in the Idukki District of the southern state of Kerala, India.
Diabase or dolerite or microgabbro is a mafic, holocrystalline, subvolcanic rock equivalent to volcanic basalt or plutonic gabbro.
Diapause, when referencing animal dormancy, is the delay in development in response to regularly and recurring periods of adverse environmental conditions.
Dindigul is a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Dipterocarpaceae are a family of 16 genera and approximately 695 known species of mainly tropical lowland rainforest trees.
A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata, infraorder Anisoptera (from Greek ἄνισος anisos, "uneven" and πτερόν pteron, "wing", because the hindwing is broader than the forewing).
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
In geomorphology, drainage systems, also known as river systems, are the patterns formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin.
Dudhsagar Falls (literally Sea of Milk) is a four-tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the Indian state of Goa.
The dwarf pufferfish (Carinotetraodon travancoricus), also known as the Malabar pufferfish (leading to easy confusion with the related C. imitator), pea pufferfish or pygmy pufferfish, is a small, freshwater pufferfish endemic to Kerala and southern Karnataka in Southwest India.
The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical datum).
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km2 national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that forms as an effect of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively leveled areas having differing elevations.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Freshwater molluscs are those members of the Phylum Mollusca which live in freshwater habitats, both lotic (flowing water) such as rivers, streams, canals, springs, and cave streams (stygobite species) and lentic (still water) such as lakes, ponds (including temporary or vernal ponds), and ditches.
The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP), also known as the Gadgil Commission after its chairman Madhav Gadgil, was an environmental research commission appointed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India.
The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.
The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.
A generalist species is able to thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditions and can make use of a variety of different resources (for example, a heterotroph with a varied diet).
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.
The Ghataprabha (kannada ಘಟಪ್ರಭಾ) river is an important right-bank tributary of the Krishna River and flows eastward for a distance of 283 kilometers before its confluence with the Krishna River at Almatti.
Gneiss is a common distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
The Goa Gap is one of the major passes in India's Western Ghats mountain range, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections of the range.
The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Granulites are a class of high-grade metamorphic rocks of the granulite facies that have experienced high-temperature and moderate-pressure metamorphism.
Grass Hills National Park is a protected area in the Western Ghats, India, and a part of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve, forming its boundary with Eravikulam National Park in neighbouring Kerala state.
The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
The grey-breasted laughingthrush or Kerala laughingthrush has been split into the following species.
The grey-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus priocephalus) is a member of the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae.
The Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary (GSWS), also known as Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary, was established in 1988 to protect the vulnerable grizzled giant squirrel (Ratufa macroura).
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.
The Hemavati is a river in Karnataka, southern India, an important tributary of the Kaveri.
The hillstream loaches or river loaches are a family, the Balitoridae, of small fish from South, Southeast and East Asia.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Hogenakkal is a waterfall in South India on the Kaveri river in the Dharmapuri district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Horabagrus is a genus of catfish in the family Horabagridae endemic to rivers in the Western Ghats in Kerala and Karnataka, India.
Horaglanis is a genus of small airbreathing catfishes that are endemic to Kerala in India.
HoralabiosaEschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2004) Catalog of fishes.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Hypselobarbus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae endemic to India.
The Idukki Dam is a double curvature arch dam constructed across the Periyar River in a narrow gorge between two granite hills locally known as Kuravan and Kuravathi in Kerala, India.
Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India, created on 26January 1972.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.
The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Indoreonectes is a genus of stone loaches native to the Western Ghats in India.
Indrella ampulla is a species of tropical terrestrial air-breathing gastropod mollusk in the family Ariophantidae.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Jog Falls, Gerosoppa Falls or Joga Falls is the second highest plunge waterfall in India located near Sagara taluk, Shivamogga district in the state of Karnataka.
The Kaas Plateau, also known as the Kaas Pathar or Kas Sadas, is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India.
The Kabani, also called Kabini or Kapila, is one of the major tributaries of the river Cauvery in southern India.
Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR), (Tamil:களக்காடு முண்டந்துறை புலிகள் சரணாலயம்) located in the Southern Western Ghats in Tirunelveli District and Kanyakumari District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the second-largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State (behind only Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary in Erode).
The Kali River or Kali nadi is a river flowing through Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state in India.
The Kanara (also known as Canara, Karavali and Coastal Karnataka) region of Karnataka, comprises three coastal districts, namely Dakshina Kannada and Udupi district (South Canara) and Uttara Kannada (North Canara).
Kanyakumari is a City in Kanyakumari district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Karian Shola National Park is a protected area in the Western Ghats, India, nominated as a national park in 1989.
Karimpuzha National Park (Malayalam: കരിമ്പുഴ നാഷണൽ പാർക്ക്, Tamil: கரிம்புழா தேசியப் பூங்கா) is a 230 km² proposed National Park located at in the Nilgiri Hills area of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, in South India, IUCN category: PRO.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Khondalite is a foliated metamorphic rock.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
Kodaikanal is a city near to Palani in the hills of the Dindigul district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Kodaikanal Lake, also known as Kodai Lake is a manmade lake located in the Kodaikanal city in Dindigul district in Tamil Nadu, India.
Kolhapur is a historic city of Maharashtra.
Konkan, also known as the Konkan Coast or Kokan, is a rugged section of the western coastline of India.
The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India.
Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and natural World Heritage Site, which is located in Satara district of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra.
Kryptoglanis shajii is a species of subterranean catfish found in subsurface waters in the Western Ghats in Kerala, India.
Kuduremukha is a mountain range and name of a peak located in Chikkamagaluru district, in Karnataka, India.
Kunchikal Falls is located Nidagodu village near Masthikatte in Shimoga district of state Karnataka.
Kurinjimala Sanctuary (Malayalam: കുറിഞ്ഞിമല വന്യജീവി സംരക്ഷ്ണ കേന്ദ്രം) protects the approximately 32 hectare core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji plant in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Devikulam Taluk, Idukki district of Kerala State in South India.
A land snail is any of the numerous species of snail that live on land, as opposed to sea snails and freshwater snails.
Laterite is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium, and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas.
Lauraceae are the laurel family, that includes the true laurel and its closest relatives.
A least concern (LC) species is a species which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as evaluated but not qualified for any other category.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
Lepidopygopsis typus, the Peninsular hilltrout, is a species of cyprinid fish endemic to Kerala, India where it is only known from Periyar River and Periyar Lake.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
The Linganamakki Dam (Kannada: ಲಿಂಗನಮಕ್ಕಿ ಅಣೆಕಟ್ಟು) was constructed by the Karnataka State Government in 1964.
The lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), or the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India.
This is a list of butterfly species found in the Western Ghats region.
National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas.
This articles lists '''World Heritage Sites''' located in India, as designated by UNESCO.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Madhav Dhananjaya Gadgil (born 1942) is an Indian ecologist, academic, writer, columnist and the founder of the Centre for Ecological Sciences, a research forum under the aegis of the Indian Institute of Science.
Magod Falls is a group of waterfalls in Karnataka, India, where the river Bedti falls from a height of nearly 200m in two steps.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mahseer (महाशीर or महासीर; مہاشیر) is the common name used for the genera Tor, Neolissochilus, and Naziritor in the family Cyprinidae (carps).
The Malabar barbet (Psilopogon malabaricus) is a small barbet found in the Western Ghats of India.
The Malabar Coast is a long, narrow coastline on the southwestern shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent.
The Malabar grey hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) is a hornbill endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India.
The Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina), also known as the Malabar civet, is a viverrid endemic to the Western Ghats of India.
The Malabar snakehead (Channa diplogramma) is a vulnerable species of snakehead from freshwater in the Western Ghats in India.
Malampuzha Dam is the second largest reservoir in Kerala, located near Palakkad in south India with the scenic hills of the Western Ghats in the background.
The Malaprabha River (Kannada ಮಲಪ್ರಭಾ ನದಿ) is a tributary of the Krishna River and flows through the state of Karnataka in India.
Malenadu is a region in the state of Karnataka in India.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
The Mahadayi/Mandovi River (Mandovi, pronounced), also known as Mahadayi or Mhadei river, is described as the lifeline of the Indian state of Goa.
Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Marunthuvazh Malai (Tamil: மருந்துவாழ் மலை, Malayalam: മരുത്വാ മല), also known as the Marunthu Vazhum Malai ("the abode of medicinal herbs"), forms the part and the southernmost tip of the Western Ghats of Agasteeswaram taluk of Kanyakumari district.
Mathikettan Shola National Park is a 12.82 km² national park in Poopara village of Udumbanchola taluk in Idukki district of Kerala state, South India.It notified area national park in November 2008.
Meenmutty Falls is located 29 km from Kalpetta in Wayanad District in the state of Kerala, India.
Mesonoemacheilus is a genus of stone loach endemic to India.
The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India and the largest in Tamilnadu located across the river Cauvery where it enters the plains.
Monopterus is a genus of swamp eels mainly native to Asia, but with two species in Africa.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund.
The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared tiger reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about north-west of Coimbatore city in Tamil Nadu.
The mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris.
Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is a protected area located in the western corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest corner of Tamil Nadu state in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Munnar is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala.
Nagarhole National Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park), is a national park located in Kodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka state in South India.
A near-threatened species is a species which has been categorized as "Near Threatened" (NT) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as that may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status.
The Nemacheilidae, or stone loaches, are a family of cypriniform fishes that inhabit stream environments, mostly in Eurasia, with one genus, Afronemacheilus found in Africa.
The Netravati River has its origins at Bangrabalige valley, Yelaneeru Ghat in Kudremukh in Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka, India.
New Amarambalam Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in the Western Ghats, situated in the Malappuram District of Kerala state in South India.It extends till Silent Valley National Park of the Palakkad District to the south and to Nadugani in the Nilgiri District of Tamil Nadu to the North.
The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the southern state of Kerala in India is spread over the southeast corner of the Western Ghats, and covers a total area of.
The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of South India.
The Nilgiri blue robin (Sholicola major), also known as Nilgiri shortwing, white-bellied shortwing or rufous-bellied shortwing is a species of passerine bird in the family Muscicapidae endemic to the Shola forests of the higher hills of southern India, mainly north of the Palghat Gap.
The Nilgiri flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus) is an Old World flycatcher with a very restricted range in the hills of southern India.
The Nilgiri langur (Trachypithecus johnii) is a lutung (a type of Old World monkey) found in the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats in South India.
The Nilgiri Mountains (Tamil: நீலகிரி;Neelagiri, literally blue hills) form part of the Western Ghats in western Tamil Nadu of Southern India.
The Nilgiri pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis) is a distinctive species of pipit that is endemic to the high altitude hills of southern India.
The Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) known locally as the Nilgiri ibex or simply ibex, is an ungulate that is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in Southern India.
The Nilgiri wood pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) is large pigeon found in the moist deciduous forests and sholas of the Western Ghats in southwestern India.
Norman Myers (born 24 August 1934) is a British environmentalist specialising in biodiversity and also noted for his work on environmental refugees.
The North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India.
The North Western Ghats montane rain forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India.
Odonata is an order of carnivorous insects, encompassing the dragonflies (Anisoptera) and the damselflies (Zygoptera).
Udagamandalam (also known as Ootacamund), and abbreviated as Udhagai or Ooty, (is a town and municipality in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located 86 km north of Coimbatore and 128 km south of Mysore and is the capital of the Nilgiris district. It is a popular hill station located in the Nilgiri Hills. Originally occupied by the Toda people, the area came under the rule of the East India Company at the end of the 18th century. The economy is based on tourism and agriculture, along with the manufacture of medicines and photographic film. The town is connected by the Nilgiri ghat roads and Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Its natural environment attracts tourists and it is a popular summer destination. In 2011, the town had a population of 88,430.
Ooty lake is located in Ooty in the Nilgiris district, Tamil Nadu, India.
Orography (from the Greek όρος, hill, γραφία, to write) is the study of the topographic relief of mountains, and can more broadly include hills, and any part of a region's elevated terrain.
Osteobrama bakeri is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Osteobrama.
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
Palakkad Gap or Palghat Gap is a low mountain pass in the Western Ghats between Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad in Kerala.
Palani (or Pazhani) is a town and a taluk headquarters in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu located about South-east of Coimbatore, north-west of Madurai, and west of Dindigul.
The Palani Hills (Tamil:பழநி மலை, Malayalam: പളനി മല) are a mountain range in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in South India.
The Pamba River (also called Pampa river) is the third longest river in the South Indian state of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha and the longest river in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore.
The Pambar River originates in the Anaimudi Hills in Idukki District of Kerala state in South India.
Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India.
Parambikulam Dam is an embankment dam on the Parambikulam River, Parambikulam located in the Palakkad district in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, ranks number one in India as well as in the top ten embankment dams in the world in volume in the year 2000.
Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, which also includes the erstwhile Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area in Chittur taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala state, South India.
Parapsilorhynchus is a genus of cyprinid fishes endemic to India.
Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary headquartered in Peechi, Thrissur District of Kerala, India.
The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary near Thiruvananthapuram in southern Kerala, India.
Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala.
Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area near Thekkady in the districts of Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta in Kerala, India.
Phallus indusiatus, commonly called the bamboo fungus, bamboo pith, long net stinkhorn, crinoline stinkhorn or veiled lady, is a fungus in the family Phallaceae, or stinkhorns.
Philautus is a genus of shrub frogs in the family Rhacophoridae from Asia.
Pollachi is a town and a taluk headquarters in Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu state, India.
Polypedates is a genus of frogs in the family Rhacophoridae, the shrub frogs and Paleotropic tree frogs.
Pookode Lake is a scenic freshwater lake in the Wayanad district in Kerala, South India.
Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support of wildlife management efforts by states for their free ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.
Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's tenure.
As of May 2004, the protected areas of India cover, roughly 4.95% of the total surface area.
Pseudomulleria dalyi is a species of bivalves in the Etheriidae family.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis is a frog species belonging to the family Sooglossidae.
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary is one of 21 Wildlife Sanctuaries of India's Karnataka state.
Pykara is the name of a village and river from Ooty in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu.
Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary(राधानगरी वन्यजीव अभयारण्य) is a wildlife sanctuary and natural World Heritage Site of category ix and x since 2012, located in Kolhapur, Maharashtra state India.
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
A reserve forest or a reserved forest is a specific term for designating forests and other natural areas, which enjoy judicial and / or constitutional protection under the legal systems of many countries.
Rhacophorus is a genus of frogs in the shrub frog family (Rhacophoridae) which together with the related Hylidae makes up the true tree frogs.
Rohtee ogilbii, the Vatani rohtee, is a species of cyprinid fish endemic to the northern Western Ghats in southern India.
The rufous babbler (Turdoides subrufa) is an endemic species of bird found in the Western Ghats of southern India belonging to the Leiothrichidae family It is dark brown and long tailed, and is usually seen foraging in noisy groups along open hillsides with a mixture of grass, bracken and forest.
Sathoddi Falls is a waterfall in India that is formed by several unnamed streams near Kallaramane Ghat, Uttara Kannada District, near Yellapur, Karnataka, and 32 km from Yellapur.
Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is a protected area and tiger reserve along the Western Ghats in the Erode District of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India.
The Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) is a national centre for information, education and research in ornithology and natural history in India.
Schistura sharavathiensis, sometimes known as the Sharavati loach, is a species of freshwater fish in the family Nemacheilidae.
Schistura striata is a species of stone loach endemic to India where it occurs in Kerala and Karnataka.
Sharavati is a river which originates and flows entirely within the state of Karnataka in India.
Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in the Western Ghats, India.
The Servarayan hills, with the anglicised name Shevaroy Hills, are a towering mountain range (1620 m) near the city of Salem, in Tamil Nadu state, southern India.
Shivanasamudra is a small city in the Mandya District of the state of Karnataka, India.
Silent Valley National Park (Malayalam: സൈലന്റ് വാലീ നാഷണല് പാര്ക്ക്), is a national park with a core zone of (making it the second largest national park in Kerala).
Sisoridae is a family of catfishes.
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected wildlife sanctuary in the Western Ghats of Karnataka state in India.
Songadh is a taluka in Tapi district in the Indian state of Gujarat.
The South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests is a dry broadleaf forest ecoregion of southern India.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southern India.
The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are an ecoregion of southern India, covering the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, at elevations over 1000 meters.
A species description is a formal description of a newly discovered species, usually in the form of a scientific paper.
Species richness is the number of different species represented in an ecological community, landscape or region.
The Sundarbans is a vast forest in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal and considered one of the natural wonders of the world.
Surat is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Talakaveri is the place that is generally considered to be the source of the river Kaveri.
Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Karnataka state of South India.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
The Tapti River (or Tapi) is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada rivers.
Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae.
The Thamirabarani River (Porunai) (Tamil: தாமிரபரணி (பொருநை)) is a perennial river that originates from the Agastyarkoodam peak of Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats, above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk.
The Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, covering an area of barely 25 km2, and located about 12 km from Kothamangalam (Kerala state, India), was the first bird sanctuary in Kerala.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Theni or Teni (is a City situated in Western Region of Tamil Nadu, a state in South India, near the border to Kerala. Theni is the headquarters of Theni. Theni district is Located in Madurai Region. Nearest City தூங்காநகரம் Madurai Just 76 Km from Theni Town.It is a 2nd ranked in ASIA on the Banana trading. It is known for the large-scale trading of garlic, cotton, cardamom, grapes and chilli. It hosts the second largest weekly market in Tamil Nadu and the fourth largest in South India.Theni is a Only district Without Train Facilities in Tamil Nadu.It is well-connected by road to all the important cities in Tamil Nadu. The nearest airport is at Madurai 87 Km From THENI - MADURAI Airport.http://www.theni.tn.nic.in/.
Thiruvananthapuram, also known as Trivandrum, is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Kerala.
Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.
Tirumala is a census town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Tor khudree, the Deccan mahseer, blue-finned mahseer, or black mahseer, is a large freshwater fish of the carp family found in major rivers and reservoirs of India and Sri Lanka.
Transpiration is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation from aerial parts, such as leaves, stems and flowers.
Travancoria is a small genus of hillstream loaches endemic to India.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.
Tropical rainforests of India are found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands,Andaman and Nicobar Islands coordinates: the Western Ghats,Western Ghats coordinates: which fringe the Arabian Sea, the coastline of peninsular India, and the greater Assam region in the north-east.
The Tungabhadra River is a river in India that starts and flows through the state of Karnataka during most of its course, before flowing along the border between Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and ultimately joining the Krishna River in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. In the epic Ramayana, the Tungabhadra River was known by the name of Pampa.
Unchalli Falls, also known as Lushington Falls, is a waterfall created by a drop in the Aghanashini river.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Uropeltidae are a family of primitive, nonvenomous, burrowing snakes endemic to peninsular India and Sri Lanka.
Vagamon, also spelt Wagamon, is a hill station located in Meenachil taluk and Kanjirappally taluk of Kottayam district and Peerumade taluk of Idukki district of the state of Kerala, India.
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
Wayanad is a district in the north-east of Kerala state, India with headquarters at the town of Kalpetta.
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India.
Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.
Western India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of its western part.
The white-bellied blue flycatcher (Cyornis pallidipes) is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae.
The white-bellied treepie (Dendrocitta leucogastra) is a bird of the crow family endemic to the forests of southern India.
A wildlife corridor, habitat corridor, or green corridor is an area of habitat connecting wildlife populations separated by human activities or structures (such as roads, development, or logging).
The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate change, Government of India.
Wildlife sanctuaries are established by IUCN category IV protected areas.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Wynaad laughingthrush (Garrulax delesserti) is a species of laughingthrush in the family Leiothrichidae.
A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun.
The zebra loach (Botia striata) is a freshwater loach native to rivers and streams in the Western Ghats of India.
The Zuari River (जुवारी Zuvari, pronounced) is the largest river in the state of Goa, India.
Great Escarpment of India, Sahayadri, Sahayadri Hills, Sahya Mountains, Sahya Parvat, Sahya Parvatam, Sahya Parvatham, Sahyadri, Sahyadri Mountains, Sahyadri mountain, Sahyadri mountain range, Sahyadri mountain ranges, Sahyadris, The Western Ghats, West coast mountain range of India, Western Ghat, Western Ghat mountain, Western Ghat mountain range, Western Ghat mountain ranges, Western Ghat mountains, Western Ghats Rivers and Streams, Western Ghats of Maharashtra, Western Ghauts, Western Ghâts, Western coast mountain range of india, Western ghats, सह्याद्री, மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலைகள், ಸಹ್ಯಾದ್ರಿ, സഹ്യപര്വതം, സഹ്യാദ്രി.