178 relations: Abhiraka, Abiria, Academia.edu, Ajanta Caves, Aji Saka, Anarta, Ancient history, Andhra in Indian epic literature, Antimony, Anupa, Aparanta, Arabian Peninsula, Ariaca, Ashoka, Avanti (India), Azes era, Barbarikon, Bava Pyara caves, Bdellium, Bhandara, Bhartrdaman, Bharuch, Bhuj, Bhumaka, Brahmana, Brahmi numerals, Brahmi script, Buddhism, Carnelian, Central India, Ceres (mythology), Chaitya, Chandragupta II, Chashtana, Costus, Cutch State, Dakshinapatha, Damajadasri I, Damasena, Dasharna, David Pingree, Deccan Plateau, Devni Mori, Dhank Caves, Dharmachakra, East Punjab, Eran, Gandhara, Garuda, Gautamiputra Satakarni, ..., Geography (Ptolemy), Govardhan Hill, Greco-Buddhist art, Greek alphabet, Gujarat, Gulf of Kutch, Guntur, Gupta Empire, History of India, India, Indian classical dance, Indo-Greek Kingdom, Indo-Parthian Kingdom, Indo-Roman trade relations, Indo-Scythians, Indus River, Java, Jayadaman, Jivadaman, Junagadh, Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups, Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman, Junnar, Kanakerha inscription, Kanheri Caves, Kanishka, Karla Caves, Karla, Ratnagiri, Khambhalida Caves, Kharapallana, Kharosthi, Konkan, Kshatriya, Kumaragupta I, Kushan Empire, Kutch district, Kutch Museum, Laodicea on the Lycus, Lenyadri, Liaka Kusulaka, List of rulers of Malwa, Lycium, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Malavas, Malva, Malwa, Mandsaur, Manmodi caves, Marwar, Mathura, Minnagara, Multan, Nahapana, Nala Sopara, Narmada River, Nashik, Nishada Kingdom, Northern Satraps, Old Persian, Pahlavas, Pali, Paliya, Pandavleni Caves, Patalene, Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Prakrit, Ptolemy, Pune, Rabatak inscription, Rajasthan, Rajputana, Rajuvula, Ramagupta, Realgar, Rishabhadatta, Ritu (Indian season), Rudradaman I, Rudrasena I (Saka king), Rudrasena II, Rudrasena II (Western Satrap), Rudrasimha I, Rudrasimha II, Rudrasimha III, Saka, Sana Caves, Sanchi, Sangha, Sanskrit, Saraostus, Sarnath, Satavahana dynasty, Satrap, Satyadaman, Saurashtra (region), Sauvira Kingdom, Shajapur district, Shaka era, Sindh, South Asia, Spikenard, Sten Konow, Stupa, Sumatra, Talaja Caves, Taxila copper plate, Thane, Tirtha (Hinduism), Traikutaka dynasty, Ujjain, Uparkot Caves, Uttamabhadras, Vanaspara, Vashishtiputra Satakarni, Vasishthiputra Pulumavi, Vidarbha, Vidisha, Vihara, Vijayasena, Vima Kadphises, Vima Takto, Western Satraps, Yajna Sri Satakarni, Yasodaman II, Yaudheya, Yavanajataka, Yavaneśvara, Yona. Expand index (128 more) » « Shrink index
Abhiraka was an Indo-Scythian king and a member of the Kshaharata dynasty, who belonged to the Abhira tribe.
Abiria was a region in Sindh province of Pakistan described by the Classical authors, mainly Ptolemy.
Academia.edu is a for-profit American social networking website for academics.
The Ajanta Caves are 29 (approximately) rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India.
Aji Saka is a Javanese legend that tells the story about how civilization came to Java, brought by legendary first king of Java named Aji Saka, and the mythical story of Javanese script origin.
Anarta (आनर्त) was an ancient Indian region which corresponded to the present-day North Saurashtra to North Gujarat regions in Gujarat state of India.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Andhra (ఆంధ్ర) was a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.
Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.
Anupa, (literally, watery tract) is an ancient Indian region roughly corresponds to the areas around ancient Mahishmati city in the present-day Madhya Pradesh.
Aparanta, or Aparantaka (meaning "Western border") was a geographical region of ancient India, variously corresponding to the northern Konkan, northern Gujarat, Kathiawar, Kachch and Sindh.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Obv: Bust of king Nahapana with a legend in Greek script "PANNIΩ IAHAPATAC NAHAΠANAC", transliteration of the Prakrit Raño Kshaharatasa Nahapanasa: "King Kshaharata Nahapana".
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Avanti (अवन्ति) was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.
The "Azes era" (also known as the Aja/Ajasa era), was named after the Indo-Scythian king, "King Azes the Great" or Azes I. As a number of inscriptions are dated in this era it is of great importance in dating the reigns of several kings and events in early Indian history.
Barbarikon (Βαρβαρικόν in Greek) was the name of a sea port near the modern-day city of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, important in the Hellenistic era in Indian Ocean trade.
Bava Pyara caves (also known as Baba Pyara caves) are an example of ancient man-made caverns.
Bdellium, also bdellion, is a semi-transparent oleo-gum resin extracted from Commiphora wightii and from Commiphora africana trees growing in Ethiopia, Eritrea and sub-saharan Africa.
Bhandara is a city and municipal council that is the headquarters of Bhandara district in the state of Maharashtra, India.
Bhartrdaman was a Saka ruler of the Western Kshatrapas in northwestern India from around 278 to 295.
Bharuch (Gujarati: ભરૂચ, Bharūca), formerly known as Broach, is a city at the mouth of the river Narmada in Gujarat in western India.
Bhuj is a Municipality and District Headquarter of Kutch District in the state of Gujarat, India.
Bhumaka (?–119 CE) was a Western Kshatrapa ruler of the early 2nd century CE.
The Brahmanas (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मणम्, Brāhmaṇa) are a collection of ancient Indian texts with commentaries on the hymns of the four Vedas.
The Brahmi numerals are a numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens).
Brahmi (IAST) is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in Ancient India and present South and Central Asia from the 1st millennium BCE.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Carnelian (also spelled cornelian) is a brownish-red mineral commonly used as a semi-precious gemstone.
Central India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of the states of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.
In ancient Roman religion, Ceres (Cerēs) was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships.
A chaitya, chaitya hall, chaitya-griha, or caitya refers to a shrine, sanctuary, temple or prayer hall in Indian religions.
Chandragupta II (also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya) was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire in India.
Chashtana (IAST:, or Chastana) was a ruler of the Saka Western Satraps in northwestern India during 78-130 CE.
Costus is a group of perennial herbaceous plants in the family (Costaceae) described by Linnaeus as a genus in 1753.
Cutch, also spelled Kutch or Kachchh, was a relatively large Indian princely state during the British Raj.
Dakshinapatha is a historical region which has been used to describe either.
Damajadasri I was a ruler of the Western Kshatrapas dynasty.
Damasena was a Western Kshatrapa ruler, who reigned from 223 to 232 CE.
Dasharna (Sanskrit:दशार्ण) was an ancient Indian janapada (realm) in eastern Malwa region between the Dhasan River and the Betwa River.
David Edwin Pingree (January 2, 1933, New Haven, Connecticut – November 11, 2005, Providence, Rhode Island) was a University Professor, and Professor of History of Mathematics and Classics at Brown University, and one of America's leading historians of the Exact Sciences (primarily Mathematics) in antiquity.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
Devnimori, or Devni Mori, is a Buddhist archaeological site in northern Gujarat, about from the city of Shamlaji, in the Aravalli District of northern Gujarat, India.
The Dhank Caves are located near Dhank village near Upleta, Rajkot district, Gujarat, India.
The dharmachakra (which is also known as the wheel of dharma), is one of the Ashtamangala of Indian religions such as Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism.
East Punjab (known simply as Punjab from 1950) was a province and later a state of India from 1947 until 1966, consisting of the parts of the Punjab Province of British India that went to India following the partition of the province between India and Pakistan by the Radcliffe Commission in 1947.
Eran is an ancient town and archaeological site in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated along the Kabul and Swat rivers of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The Garuda is a legendary bird or bird-like creature in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythology.
Gautamiputra Satakarni (IAST) was a ruler of the Satavahana Empire in present-day Deccan region of India.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
Govardhana Hill (गोवर्धन), also called Mount Govardhana, Giri Raj and Royal Hill, is a sacred Hindu site in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India on a 8km long hill located in the area of Govardhan and Radha Kund, which is about from Vrindavan.
Greco-Buddhist art is the artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, and the Islamic conquests of the 7th century AD.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
The Gulf of Kutch is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat, which is renowned for extreme daily tides.
Guntur; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian classical dance, or Shastriya Nritya, is an umbrella term for various performance arts rooted in religious Hindu musical theatre styles,, Quote: All of the dances considered to be part of the Indian classical canon (Bharata Natyam, Chhau, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Mohiniattam, Odissi, Sattriya and Yakshagana) trace their roots to religious practices (...) the Indian diaspora has led to the translocation of Hindu dances to Europe, North America and the world." whose theory and practice can be traced to the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra.
The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was an Hellenistic kingdom covering various parts of Afghanistan and the northwest regions of the Indian subcontinent (parts of modern Pakistan and northwestern India), during the last two centuries BC and was ruled by more than thirty kings, often conflicting with one another.
The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty and other rulers who were a group of ancient kings from Central Asia that ruled parts of present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwestern India, during or slightly before the 1st century AD.
Indo-Roman trade relations (see also the spice trade and incense road) was trade between the Indian subcontinent and the Roman Empire in Europe and the Mediterranean.
Indo-Scythians is a term used to refer to Scythians (Sakas), who migrated into parts of central, northern and western South Asia (Sogdiana, Bactria, Arachosia, Gandhara, Sindh, Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra) from the middle of the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD.
The Indus River (also called the Sindhū) is one of the longest rivers in Asia.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jayadaman was a Western Kshatrapa ruler, although possibly only a Kshatrapa, rather than a Mahakshatrapa.
Jivadaman was a Saka ruler of the Western Kshatrapas in northwestern India from during the 2nd century CE.
Junagadh is the headquarters of Junagadh district in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups are located in Junagadh district of the Indian state of Gujarat.
The Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman, also known as the Girnar Rock inscription of Rudradaman, was inscribed by the Western Satraps ruler Rudradaman I. It is located in Girnar near Junagadh, Gujarat, India, and dated to circa 130–150 CE.
Junnar is a city with thousands of years of history in the Pune district of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Kanakerha inscription, also spelled Kanakherha inscription, is an inscription found on the side of the hill of Sanchi, dating to the 4th century CE.
The Kanheri Caves (Kānherī-guhāḥ) are a group of caves and rock-cut monuments cut into a massive basalt outcrop in the forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, on the island of Salsette in the western outskirts of Mumbai, India.
Kanishka I (कनिष्क), or Kanishka the Great, was the emperor of the Kushan dynasty in the second century (c. 127–150 CE).
The Karla Caves, Karli Caves, Karle Caves or Karla Cells, are a complex of ancient Buddhist Indian rock-cut caves at Karli near Lonavala, Maharashtra.
Karla is a village in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.
Khambhalida Caves are three Buddhist caves located near Gondal in Rajkot district, Gujarat, India.
Kharapallana (ruled circa 130 CE) was an Indo-Scythian Northern Satrap.
The Kharosthi script, also spelled Kharoshthi or Kharoṣṭhī, is an ancient script used in ancient Gandhara and ancient India (primarily modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan) to write the Gandhari Prakrit and Sanskrit.
Konkan, also known as the Konkan Coast or Kokan, is a rugged section of the western coastline of India.
Kshatriya (Devanagari: क्षत्रिय; from Sanskrit kṣatra, "rule, authority") is one of the four varna (social orders) of the Hindu society.
Kumaragupta I, also known as Shakraditya and Mahendraditya, was an emperor of the Gupta Empire in 415–455 CE.
The Kushan Empire (Βασιλεία Κοσσανῶν; Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण साम्राज्य Kuṣāṇa Samrajya; BHS:; Chinese: 貴霜帝國; Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century.
Kutch district (also spelled as Kachchh) is a district of Gujarat state in western India.
Kutch Museum in Bhuj is the oldest museum of Gujarat.
Laodicea on the Lycus (Λαοδίκεια πρὸς τοῦ Λύκου; Laodicea ad Lycum, also transliterated as Laodiceia or Laodikeia) (modern Laodikeia) was an ancient city built on the river Lycus (Çürüksu).
Lenyadri (लेण्याद्री, Leṇyādri), sometimes called Ganesa Lena, represents a series of about 30 rock-cut Buddhist caves, located about 5km north of Junnar in Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Liaka Kusulaka (Greek: Λιακο Κοζουλο, Liako Kozoulo, on his coins, Pali: Liaka Kusulaka or Liako Kusuluko) was an Indo-Scythian satrap of the area of Chukhsa in the northwestern South Asia during the 1st century BCE.
Following is a list of rulers of Malwa since the Kshatrapas.
Lycium is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
The Malavas or Malwas were an ancient Indian tribe settled in the present-day North-western Madhya Pradesh state in India, which is known as Malwa after them.
Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual, biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear the common English name mallow.
Malwa is a historical region of west-central India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin.
Mandsaur or Mandsour is a city in the Malwa region and district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India.
The Manmodi caves (मानमोडी लेणी) are a complex of a rock-cut caves about 3km to the south of the city of Junnar in India.
Marwar (also called Jodhpur region) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in North Western India.
Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Minnagara was an ancient port located in what is now the modern city of Karachi, in the Sindh province of Pakistan.
Multan (Punjabi, Saraiki, مُلتان), is a Pakistani city and the headquarters of Multan District in the province of Punjab.
Nahapana (r. 1st or 2nd century CE) was an important ruler of the Western Kshatrapas, descendant of the Indo-Scythians, in northwestern India.
Nala Sopara, associated with Shurparaka (lit. city of braves) and formerly known as Sopara, is a town within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
The Narmada, also called the Rewa and previously also known as Nerbudda,even Shankari, is a river in central India and the sixth longest river in the Indian subcontinent.
Nashik is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India. Situated on the banks of Godavari river Nashik is best known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.
Nishada is the name of a kingdom mentioned in the Indian epic Mahabharata.
The Northern Satraps are a dynasty of Indo-Scythian rulers who held sway over the area of Mathura and Eastern Punjab from the 1st century BCE to the 2nd century CE.
Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).
The Pahlavas are a people mentioned in ancient Indian texts like the Manu Smriti, various Puranas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Brhatsamhita.
Pali, or Magadhan, is a Middle Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian subcontinent.
The Paliya or Khambhi is a type of a memorial found in western India especially Saurashtra and Kutch regions of Gujarat state of India.
The Buddha Leni, or Nasik caves (also sometimes known as Pandu Lena, Pandu Caves or Trirashmi Leni, Leni being a Marathi word for caves), are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 3nd century CE, though additional sculptures were added up to about the 6th century, reflecting changes in Buddhist devotional practices.
Patalene was an ancient area of Indian subcontinent, now in modern Pakistan, that corresponds to the area of Sind.
The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea or Periplus of the Red Sea (Περίπλους τῆς Ἐρυθράς Θαλάσσης, Periplus Maris Erythraei) is a Greco-Roman periplus, written in Greek, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along Northeast Africa and the Sindh and South western India.
The Prakrits (प्राकृत; pāuda; pāua) are any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages formerly spoken in India.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
The Rabatak inscription is an inscription written on a rock in the Bactrian language and the Greek script, which was found in 1993 at the site of Rabatak, near Surkh Kotal in Afghanistan.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Rājputāna (Rajasthani/राजपूताना), (راجپُوتانہ), meaning “Land of the Rajputs”, was a region in India that included mainly the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan rajput are 10 percent in rajasthan mostly mp and mla of rajasthan are of rajput community after gurjar and meena it is the 3rd largest populated community in rajasthan arat and some adjoining areas of Sindh in modern-day southern Pakistan.
Rajuvula was an Indo-Scythian Great Satrap (Mahakshatrapa), one of the "Northern Satraps" who ruled in the area of Mathura in the northern Indian Subcontinent in the years around 10 CE.
Ramagupta was the elder son and immediate successor of Samudragupta and succeeded by his younger brother Chandragupta II.
Realgar, α-As4S4, is an arsenic sulfide mineral, also known as "ruby sulphur" or "ruby of arsenic".
Rishabhadatta (also Ushavadata) was viceroy of the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana, and his son-in-law.
Ritu (ऋतु, ঋতু) defines "season" in different calendars around the South Asian countries of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, and there are six ritus (also transliterated rutu) or seasons.
Rudradaman I (r. 130–150) was a Saka ruler from the Western Kshatrapas dynasty.
Rudrasena I was a Saka ruler of the Western Satrap dynasty in the area of Malwa in ancient India.
Rudrasena II was a king of the Pravarapura-Nandivardhana branch of the Vakataka dynasty.
Rudrasena II (256–278) was a king of the Western Satraps, and the 19th ruler of the Kshatrapa dynasty.
Rudrasimha I was a Western Kshatrapa ruler, who reigned from 178 to 197 CE.
Rudrasimha II (304–348) was a ruler of the Western Satraps He declared on his coins to be the son of a Lord (Svami) Jivadaman.
Rudrasimha III was the last ruler of the Western Satraps in India, in the 4th century.
Saka, Śaka, Shaka or Saca mod. ساکا; Śaka; Σάκαι, Sákai; Sacae;, old *Sək, mod. Sāi) is the name used in Middle Persian and Sanskrit sources for the Scythians, a large group of Eurasian nomads on the Eurasian Steppe speaking Eastern Iranian languages.
Sana Buddhist Caves or Shana Dunbar Buddhist caves in Shana Vankiya is located near Una North easterly, and to Tulsishyam south-easterly in the Gir Somnath district of Gujarat, bordering Rajula Taluk of Amreli district.
Sanchi Stupa, also written Sanci, is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Sangha (saṅgha; saṃgha; සංඝයා; พระสงฆ์; Tamil: சங்கம்) is a word in Pali and Sanskrit meaning "association", "assembly", "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism to the monastic community of bhikkhus (monks) and bhikkhunis (nuns).
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Saraostus (also Surastrene, modern Saurashtra in India) was the name given by the Greeks to the area of Saurashtra and parts of south-western Gujarat.
Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Satavahanas (IAST), also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region.
Satraps were the governors of the provinces of the ancient Median and Achaemenid Empires and in several of their successors, such as in the Sasanian Empire and the Hellenistic empires.
Satyadaman was a ruler of the Western Satraps (ruled 197-198 CE).
Saurashtra, also known as Sorath or Kathiawar, is a peninsular region of Gujarat, India, located on the Arabian Sea coast.
Sauvīra was an ancient kingdom of the lower Indus Valley mentioned in the Late Vedic and early Buddhist literature and the Hindu epic Mahabharata.
Shajapur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India.
The Shaka era (IAST: Śaka era) is a historical calendar era, corresponding to Julian year 78.
Sindh (سنڌ; سِندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Spikenard, also called nard, nardin, and muskroot, is a class of aromatic amber-colored essential oil derived from Nardostachys jatamansi, a flowering plant of the valerian family which grows in the Himalayas of Nepal, China, and India.
Sten Konow. Sten Konow (17 April 1867 – 29 June 1948) was a Norwegian Indologist.
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Talaja Caves are located in Bhavnagar district of the Indian state of Gujarat at Talaja.
The Taxila copper-plate, also called the Moga inscription or the Patika copper-plate is a notable archaeological artifact found in the area of Taxila, Gandhara, in modern Pakistan.
Thane, colloquially called Thana, is a metropolitan city in India.
Tirtha (तीर्थ, IAST: Tīrtha) is a Sanskrit word that means "crossing place, ford", and refers to any place, text or person that is holy.
The Traikutakas were a dynasty of Indian kings who ruled between 388 and 456.
Ujjain is the largest city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Uparkot caves are ancient man-made caverns.
The Uttamabhadras are an ancient Indian tribe described in the Mahabharata and later inscriptions.
Vanaspara (ruled circa 130 CE) was an Indo-Scythian Northern Satrap (kshtrapa).
Vashishtiputra Sātakarni was a Satavahana king, who ruled the Deccan region in India, during the 2nd century CE.
Vasishthiputra Pulumavi was a Satavahana king, and the son of Gautamiputra Satakarni.
Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division.
Vidisha is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Vihara (विहार, IAST: vihāra) generally refers to a Buddhist bhikkhu monastery.
Vijayasena (reigned 238-250) was a Saka ruler of the Western Satraps in India during the 2nd century CE He was one of 4 sons of Damasena that ascended to the throne.
Obv: Bust of king emerging from a cloud, with a crested helmet and holding a club.
Vima Takto or Vima Taktu was a Kushan emperor who reigned c. 80–90 CE.
The Western Satraps, Western Kshatrapas, or Kshaharatas (35–405 CE) were Indo-Scythian (Saka) rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states).
Yajna Sri Satakarni, also known as Gautamiputra Yajna Sri, was an Indian ruler of the Satavahana dynasty.
Yasodhaman II (317–332) was a son and probably sub-king of king Rudrasimha II of the Western Satraps He declared on his coins to be the son of Rudrasimha II.
Yaudheya or Yaudheya Gana was an ancient confederation that occupied the areas between the Indus river and the Ganges river.
The Yavanajātaka (Sanskrit: yavana 'Greek' + jātaka 'nativity'.
Yavaneśvara, Sanskrit for "Lord" (Isvara) "of the Greeks" (Yavanas), was a man who lived in the Gujarat region of India under the rule of the Western Kshatrapa Saka king Rudrakarman I. In 149–150 CE, Yavanesvara translated the Yavanajataka ("Saying of the Greeks"), one of the earliest writings of Indian astrology, from Greek to Sanskrit: In the Yavanajataka he documents and explains various words of the Greek language, such as diametros or dekanos (zodiacal signs).
The word Yona in Pali and the Prakrits, and the analogue "Yavana" in Sanskrit, are words used in Ancient India to designate Greek speakers.