Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Western esotericism

Index Western esotericism

Western esotericism (also called esotericism and esoterism), also known as the Western mystery tradition, is a term under which scholars have categorised a wide range of loosely related ideas and movements which have developed within Western society. [1]

233 relations: A. E. Waite, Academic study of Western esotericism, Academy, Adjective, Adolf Hitler, Age of Aquarius, Age of Enlightenment, Alchemy, Aleister Crowley, Alfred Percy Sinnett, Alfred Rosenberg, Allan Kardec, Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur, American Academy of Religion, Amsterdam, Ancient Greek, Andrew Jackson Davis, Animal magnetism, Annie Besant, Anthroposophical Society, Antoine Faivre, Archon (Gnosticism), Aries (journal), Art of Europe, Arthur Versluis, Asclepius, Avatar (2009 film), École pratique des hautes études, Éliphas Lévi, Behaviorism, Biblical canon, Buddhism, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Byzantine Greeks, Carl Jung, Carlos Castaneda, Catholic Church, Causality, Chaldean Oracles, Chaos magic, Charles Webster Leadbeater, Christian, Christian Kabbalah, Christian Rosenkreuz, Christianity, Church of Satan, Classical antiquity, Common Era, Cosimo de' Medici, Counterculture of the 1960s, ..., Daniel Pinchbeck, De Arte Cabbalistica, Demiurge, Dietrich Eckart, Disenchantment, Druidry (modern), Early modern period, Eastern Mediterranean, Edgar Wind, Emanuel Swedenborg, Emma Hardinge Britten, English studies, Enlightenment (spiritual), Ernst Cassirer, Eugen Grosche, European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism, Extreme metal, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Family resemblance, Folk religion, Frances Yates, Franz Mesmer, Fraternitas Saturni, Freemasonry, French language, French Revolution, Frithjof Schuon, Galen, Gérard Encausse, Gemistus Pletho, George Gurdjieff, Gerald Gardner (Wiccan), German Workers' Party, Giordano Bruno, Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Globalization, Gnosis, Gnosticism, God, Goddess movement, Grimoire, Guido von List, Heathenry (new religious movement), Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, Heinrich Himmler, Helena Blavatsky, Hellblazer, Henry Corbin, Heresy, Hermes Trismegistus, Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, Hermetica, Hermeticism, Hinduism, His Dark Materials, History of ideas, Iamblichus, Illuminates of Thanateros, Imagination, Initiation, Isaac Newton, Isis Unveiled, Jakob Böhme, Jane Leade, Jesus, Jews, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Johann Georg Gichtel, Johann Reuchlin, Johannes Valentinus Andreae, John Pordage, Joseph Goebbels, Judeo-Christian, Julius Evola, Kabbalah, Karl Harrer, Karl Maria Wiligut, Late antiquity, Libertine, Lodovico Lazzarelli, Lucian, Lutheranism, Macrocosm and microcosm, Magic (supernatural), Manifesto, Marsilio Ficino, Martinism, Master's degree, Middle Ages, Mind over matter, Mircea Eliade, Modern Paganism, Modernity, Multiculturalism, Muslim, Nature (philosophy), Naturphilosophie, Nazi Party, Nazism, Neoplatonism, Neoshamanism, New Age, New religious movement, New Thought, Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Nicolaus Copernicus, Noun, Occult, Ordo Templi Orientis, P. D. Ouspensky, Pagan studies, Paganism, Paracelsianism, Paracelsus, Parapsychology, Paschal Beverly Randolph, Perennial philosophy, Philadelphians, Philosophy, Phineas Quimby, Plato, Platonism, Plotinus, Pope Innocent VIII, Popular culture, Porphyry (philosopher), Positivism, Problem of evil, Proclus, Pseudoscience, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Rationalism, Religious studies, Renaissance, René Descartes, René Guénon, Robert A. McDermott, Roel van den Broek, Roman Empire, Rosicrucianism, Rudolf Hess, Rudolf Steiner, Salvation, Satanism, Séance, Scientific Revolution, Secularism, Sicily, Sleepwalking, Social science, Sorbonne, Spain in the Middle Ages, Spiritualism, Starhawk, Superstition, Temple of Set, Terence McKenna, Thaumaturgy, The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth, The New Church (Swedenborgian), The Secret Doctrine, Thelema, Theosophical Society, Theosophy (Boehmian), Theurgy, Three Books of Occult Philosophy, Thule Society, Traditional witchcraft, Traditionalist School, University of Amsterdam, University of Exeter, Urbanization, Warburg Institute, Western literature, Western philosophy, Western religions, Western world, Wicca, World War II, Wouter Hanegraaff. Expand index (183 more) »

A. E. Waite

Arthur Edward Waite (2 October 1857 – 19 May 1942), commonly known as A. E. Waite, was an American-born British poet and scholarly mystic who wrote extensively on occult and esoteric matters, and was the co-creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot deck.

New!!: Western esotericism and A. E. Waite · See more »

Academic study of Western esotericism

Western Esotericism is an academic field of research, scholarship, and education that focuses on the history of European and Western esotericism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Academic study of Western esotericism · See more »


An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

New!!: Western esotericism and Academy · See more »


In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

New!!: Western esotericism and Adjective · See more »

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

New!!: Western esotericism and Adolf Hitler · See more »

Age of Aquarius

"Age of Aquarius" is an astrological term denoting either the current or forthcoming astrological age, depending on the method of calculation.

New!!: Western esotericism and Age of Aquarius · See more »

Age of Enlightenment

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".

New!!: Western esotericism and Age of Enlightenment · See more »


Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.

New!!: Western esotericism and Alchemy · See more »

Aleister Crowley

Aleister Crowley (born Edward Alexander Crowley; 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer.

New!!: Western esotericism and Aleister Crowley · See more »

Alfred Percy Sinnett

Alfred Percy Sinnett (18 January 1840, in London – 26 June 1921) was an English author and theosophist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Alfred Percy Sinnett · See more »

Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (12 January 1893 – 16 October 1946) was a German theorist and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party.

New!!: Western esotericism and Alfred Rosenberg · See more »

Allan Kardec

Allan Kardec is the pen name of the French educator, translator and author Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (3 October 1804 – 31 March 1869).

New!!: Western esotericism and Allan Kardec · See more »

Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur

Although Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis de Puységur (1751–1825) was a French magnetizer aristocrat from one of the most illustrious families of the French nobility, he is now remembered as one of the pre-scientific founders of hypnotism (a branch of animal magnetism, or Mesmerism).

New!!: Western esotericism and Amand-Marie-Jacques de Chastenet, Marquis of Puységur · See more »

American Academy of Religion

The American Academy of Religion (AAR) is the world's largest association of scholars in the field of religious studies and related topics.

New!!: Western esotericism and American Academy of Religion · See more »


Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

New!!: Western esotericism and Amsterdam · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Western esotericism and Ancient Greek · See more »

Andrew Jackson Davis

Andrew Jackson Davis (August 11, 1826January 13, 1910) was an American Spiritualist, born in Blooming Grove, New York.

New!!: Western esotericism and Andrew Jackson Davis · See more »

Animal magnetism

Animal magnetism, also known as mesmerism, was the name given by the German doctor Franz Mesmer in the 18th century to what he believed to be an invisible natural force (lebensmagnetismus) possessed by all living/animate beings (humans, animals, vegetables, etc.). He believed that the force could have physical effects, including healing.

New!!: Western esotericism and Animal magnetism · See more »

Annie Besant

Annie Besant, née Wood (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.

New!!: Western esotericism and Annie Besant · See more »

Anthroposophical Society

The General Anthroposophical Society is an "association of people whose will it is to nurture the life of the soul, both in the individual and in human society, on the basis of a true knowledge of the spiritual world." As an organization, it is dedicated to supporting the community of those interested in the inner path of schooling known as anthroposophy, developed by Rudolf Steiner.

New!!: Western esotericism and Anthroposophical Society · See more »

Antoine Faivre

Antoine Faivre (born in Reims June 5, 1934) is a prominent French scholar of Western esotericism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Antoine Faivre · See more »

Archon (Gnosticism)

An archon, in the Gnosticism of late antiquity, was any of several servants of the Demiurge, the "creator god" that stood between the human race and a transcendent God that could only be reached through gnosis.

New!!: Western esotericism and Archon (Gnosticism) · See more »

Aries (journal)

Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the historical study of western esotericism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Aries (journal) · See more »

Art of Europe

The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.

New!!: Western esotericism and Art of Europe · See more »

Arthur Versluis

Arthur Versluis (born 1959) is a professor and Department Chair of Religious Studies in the College of Arts & Letters at Michigan State University.

New!!: Western esotericism and Arthur Versluis · See more »


Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós; Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.

New!!: Western esotericism and Asclepius · See more »

Avatar (2009 film)

Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.

New!!: Western esotericism and Avatar (2009 film) · See more »

École pratique des hautes études

The École pratique des hautes études, abbreviated EPHE, is a Grand Établissement in Paris, France, and a constituent college of PSL Research University.

New!!: Western esotericism and École pratique des hautes études · See more »

Éliphas Lévi

Éliphas Lévi Zahed, born Alphonse Louis Constant (February 8, 1810 – May 31, 1875), was a French occult author and ceremonial magician.

New!!: Western esotericism and Éliphas Lévi · See more »


Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.

New!!: Western esotericism and Behaviorism · See more »

Biblical canon

A biblical canon or canon of scripture is a set of texts (or "books") which a particular religious community regards as authoritative scripture.

New!!: Western esotericism and Biblical canon · See more »


Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

New!!: Western esotericism and Buddhism · See more »

Buffy the Vampire Slayer

Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an American supernatural drama television series created by Joss Whedon under his production tag, Mutant Enemy Productions, with later co-executive producers being Jane Espenson, David Fury, David Greenwalt, Doug Petrie, Marti Noxon, and David Solomon.

New!!: Western esotericism and Buffy the Vampire Slayer · See more »

Byzantine Greeks

The Byzantine Greeks (or Byzantines) were the Greek or Hellenized people of the Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages who spoke medieval Greek and were Orthodox Christians.

New!!: Western esotericism and Byzantine Greeks · See more »

Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.

New!!: Western esotericism and Carl Jung · See more »

Carlos Castaneda

Carlos Castaneda (December 25, 1925April 27, 1998) was an American author with a Ph.D. in anthropology.

New!!: Western esotericism and Carlos Castaneda · See more »

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

New!!: Western esotericism and Catholic Church · See more »


Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.

New!!: Western esotericism and Causality · See more »

Chaldean Oracles

The Chaldean Oracles are a set of spiritual and philosophical texts widely used by Neoplatonist philosophers around the 4th century C.E. While the original texts have been lost, they have survived in the form of fragments consisting mainly of quotes and commentary by late Platonist writers.

New!!: Western esotericism and Chaldean Oracles · See more »

Chaos magic

Chaos magic, also spelled chaos magick, is a contemporary magical practice.

New!!: Western esotericism and Chaos magic · See more »

Charles Webster Leadbeater

Charles Webster Leadbeater (16 February 1854 – 1 March 1934) was a member of the Theosophical Society, author on occult subjects and co-initiator with J. I. Wedgwood of the Liberal Catholic Church.

New!!: Western esotericism and Charles Webster Leadbeater · See more »


A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

New!!: Western esotericism and Christian · See more »

Christian Kabbalah

The Renaissance saw the birth of Christian Kabbalah/Cabala (from the Hebrew קַבָּלָה "reception", often transliterated with a 'C' to distinguish it from Jewish Kabbalah and Hermetic Qabalah), also spelled Cabbala.

New!!: Western esotericism and Christian Kabbalah · See more »

Christian Rosenkreuz

Christian Rosenkreuz (also spelled Rosenkreutz and Christian Rose Cross) is the legendary, possibly allegorical, founder of the Rosicrucian Order (Order of the Rose Cross).

New!!: Western esotericism and Christian Rosenkreuz · See more »


ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

New!!: Western esotericism and Christianity · See more »

Church of Satan

The Church of Satan is a religious organization dedicated to Satanism as codified in The Satanic Bible.

New!!: Western esotericism and Church of Satan · See more »

Classical antiquity

Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.

New!!: Western esotericism and Classical antiquity · See more »

Common Era

Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.

New!!: Western esotericism and Common Era · See more »

Cosimo de' Medici

Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici (called 'the Elder' (Italian il Vecchio) and posthumously Father of the Fatherland (Latin pater patriae); 27 September 1389 – 1 August 1464) was an Italian banker and politician, the first member of the Medici political dynasty that served as de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.

New!!: Western esotericism and Cosimo de' Medici · See more »

Counterculture of the 1960s

The counterculture of the 1960s refers to an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed first in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) and then spread throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s, with London, New York City, and San Francisco being hotbeds of early countercultural activity.

New!!: Western esotericism and Counterculture of the 1960s · See more »

Daniel Pinchbeck

Daniel Pinchbeck (born 15 June 1966) is an American author living in New York's East Village.

New!!: Western esotericism and Daniel Pinchbeck · See more »

De Arte Cabbalistica

De Arte Cabbalistica (Latin for On the Art of Kabbalah) is a 1517 text by the German Renaissance humanist scholar Johann Reuchlin, which deals with his thoughts on Kabbalah.

New!!: Western esotericism and De Arte Cabbalistica · See more »


In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge is an artisan-like figure responsible for fashioning and maintaining the physical universe.

New!!: Western esotericism and Demiurge · See more »

Dietrich Eckart

Dietrich Eckart (23 March 1868 – 26 December 1923) was a German journalist, playwright, poet, and politician who was one of the founders of the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (German Workers' Party - DAP), which later evolved into the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

New!!: Western esotericism and Dietrich Eckart · See more »


In social science, disenchantment (Entzauberung) is the cultural rationalization and devaluation of mysticism apparent in modern society.

New!!: Western esotericism and Disenchantment · See more »

Druidry (modern)

Druidry, sometimes termed Druidism, is a modern spiritual or religious movement that generally promotes harmony, connection, and reverence for the natural world.

New!!: Western esotericism and Druidry (modern) · See more »

Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.

New!!: Western esotericism and Early modern period · See more »

Eastern Mediterranean

The Eastern Mediterranean denotes the countries geographically to the east of the Mediterranean Sea (Levantine Seabasin).

New!!: Western esotericism and Eastern Mediterranean · See more »

Edgar Wind

Edgar Wind (14 May 1900 – 12 September 1971) was a German-born British interdisciplinary art historian, specializing in iconology in the Renaissance era.

New!!: Western esotericism and Edgar Wind · See more »

Emanuel Swedenborg

Emanuel Swedenborg ((born Emanuel Swedberg; 29 January 1688 – 29 March 1772) was a Swedish Lutheran theologian, scientist, philosopher, revelator and mystic who inspired Swedenborgianism. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758). Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In 1741, at 53, he entered into a spiritual phase in which he began to experience dreams and visions, beginning on Easter Weekend, on 6 April 1744. It culminated in a 'spiritual awakening' in which he received a revelation that he was appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ to write The Heavenly Doctrine to reform Christianity. According to The Heavenly Doctrine, the Lord had opened Swedenborg's spiritual eyes so that from then on, he could freely visit heaven and hell and talk with angels, demons and other spirits and the Last Judgment had already occurred the year before, in 1757. For the last 28 years of his life, Swedenborg wrote 18 published theological works—and several more that were unpublished. He termed himself a "Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ" in True Christian Religion, which he published himself. Some followers of The Heavenly Doctrine believe that of his theological works, only those that were published by Swedenborg himself are fully divinely inspired.

New!!: Western esotericism and Emanuel Swedenborg · See more »

Emma Hardinge Britten

Emma Hardinge Britten (2 May 1823 – 2 October 1899) was an English advocate for the early Modern Spiritualist Movement.

New!!: Western esotericism and Emma Hardinge Britten · See more »

English studies

English studies (usually called simply English) is an academic discipline taught in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education in English-speaking countries; it is not to be confused with English taught as a foreign language, which is a distinct discipline.

New!!: Western esotericism and English studies · See more »

Enlightenment (spiritual)

Enlightenment is the "full comprehension of a situation".

New!!: Western esotericism and Enlightenment (spiritual) · See more »

Ernst Cassirer

Ernst Alfred Cassirer (July 28, 1874 – April 13, 1945) was a German philosopher.

New!!: Western esotericism and Ernst Cassirer · See more »

Eugen Grosche

Eugen Grosche (11 March 1888, in Leipzig – 5 January 1964), also known as Gregor A. Gregorius, was a German occultist and author.

New!!: Western esotericism and Eugen Grosche · See more »

European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism

The European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism (ESSWE) is Europe's only scholarly society for the study of Western esotericism.

New!!: Western esotericism and European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism · See more »

Extreme metal

Extreme metal is a loosely defined umbrella term for a number of related heavy metal music subgenres that have developed since the early 1980s.

New!!: Western esotericism and Extreme metal · See more »

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

New!!: Western esotericism and Fall of the Western Roman Empire · See more »

Family resemblance

Family resemblance (Familienähnlichkeit) is a philosophical idea made popular by Ludwig Wittgenstein, with the best known exposition given in his posthumously published book Philosophical Investigations (1953).

New!!: Western esotericism and Family resemblance · See more »

Folk religion

In religious studies and folkloristics, folk religion, popular religion, or vernacular religion comprises various forms and expressions of religion that are distinct from the official doctrines and practices of organized religion.

New!!: Western esotericism and Folk religion · See more »

Frances Yates

Dame Frances Amelia Yates, (28 November 1899 – 29 September 1981) was an English historian who focused on the study of the Renaissance.

New!!: Western esotericism and Frances Yates · See more »

Franz Mesmer

Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (May 23, 1734 – March 5, 1815) was a German physician with an interest in astronomy who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Franz Mesmer · See more »

Fraternitas Saturni

Fraternitas Saturni (lat.: "Brotherhood of Saturn") is a German magical order, founded in 1926 by Eugen Grosche a.k.a. Gregor A. Gregorius and four others.

New!!: Western esotericism and Fraternitas Saturni · See more »


Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.

New!!: Western esotericism and Freemasonry · See more »

French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

New!!: Western esotericism and French language · See more »

French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

New!!: Western esotericism and French Revolution · See more »

Frithjof Schuon

Frithjof Schuon (June 18, 1907 – May 5, 1998), also known as Īsā Nūr al-Dīn, was an author of German ancestry born in Basel, Switzerland.

New!!: Western esotericism and Frithjof Schuon · See more »


Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.

New!!: Western esotericism and Galen · See more »

Gérard Encausse

Gérard Anaclet Vincent Encausse (July 13, 1865 – 25 October 1916), whose esoteric pseudonym was Papus, was the Spanish-born French physician, hypnotist, and popularizer of occultism, who founded the modern Martinist Order.

New!!: Western esotericism and Gérard Encausse · See more »

Gemistus Pletho

Georgius Gemistus (Γεώργιος Γεμιστός; /1360 – 1452/1454), later called Plethon (Πλήθων), was one of the most renowned philosophers of the late Byzantine era.

New!!: Western esotericism and Gemistus Pletho · See more »

George Gurdjieff

George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (31 March 1866/ 14 January 1872/ 28 November 1877 – 29 October 1949) commonly known as G. I. Gurdjieff, was a mystic, philosopher, spiritual teacher, and composer of Armenian and Greek descent, born in Alexandrapol (now Gyumri), Armenia.

New!!: Western esotericism and George Gurdjieff · See more »

Gerald Gardner (Wiccan)

Gerald Brosseau Gardner (1884 – 1964), also known by the craft name Scire, was an English Wiccan, as well as an author and an amateur anthropologist and archaeologist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Gerald Gardner (Wiccan) · See more »

German Workers' Party

The German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP) was a short-lived political party established in Weimar Germany after World War I. It was the precursor of the Nazi Party, which was officially known as the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP).

New!!: Western esotericism and German Workers' Party · See more »

Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Giordano Bruno · See more »

Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition

Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition is a 1964 non-fiction book by British historian Frances A. Yates.

New!!: Western esotericism and Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition · See more »

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (24 February 1463 – 17 November 1494) was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher.

New!!: Western esotericism and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola · See more »


Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

New!!: Western esotericism and Globalization · See more »


Gnosis is the common Greek noun for knowledge (γνῶσις, gnôsis, f.). The term is used in various Hellenistic religions and philosophies.

New!!: Western esotericism and Gnosis · See more »


Gnosticism (from γνωστικός gnostikos, "having knowledge", from γνῶσις, knowledge) is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieus in the first and second century AD.

New!!: Western esotericism and Gnosticism · See more »


In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.

New!!: Western esotericism and God · See more »

Goddess movement

The Goddess movement includes spiritual beliefs or practices (chiefly neopagan) which has emerged predominantly in North America, Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand in the 1970s.

New!!: Western esotericism and Goddess movement · See more »


A grimoire is a textbook of magic, typically including instructions on how to create magical objects like talismans and amulets, how to perform magical spells, charms and divination, and how to summon or invoke supernatural entities such as angels, spirits, and demons.

New!!: Western esotericism and Grimoire · See more »

Guido von List

Guido Karl Anton List, better known as Guido von List (5 October 1848 – 17 May 1919), was an Austrian occultist, journalist, playwright, and novelist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Guido von List · See more »

Heathenry (new religious movement)

Heathenry, also termed Heathenism or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.

New!!: Western esotericism and Heathenry (new religious movement) · See more »

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (14 September 1486 – 18 February 1535) was a German polymath, physician, legal scholar, soldier, theologian, and occult writer.

New!!: Western esotericism and Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa · See more »

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.

New!!: Western esotericism and Heinrich Himmler · See more »

Helena Blavatsky

Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (Еле́на Петро́вна Блава́тская, Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; 8 May 1891) was a Russian occultist, philosopher, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875.

New!!: Western esotericism and Helena Blavatsky · See more »


Hellblazer (also known as John Constantine, Hellblazer) is an American contemporary horror comic book series, originally published by DC Comics, and subsequently by the Vertigo imprint since March 1993 when the imprint was introduced.

New!!: Western esotericism and Hellblazer · See more »

Henry Corbin

Henry Corbin (14 April 1903 – 7 October 1978) was a philosopher, theologian, Iranologist and professor of Islamic Studies at the École pratique des hautes études in Paris, France.

New!!: Western esotericism and Henry Corbin · See more »


Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization.

New!!: Western esotericism and Heresy · See more »

Hermes Trismegistus

Hermes Trismegistus (Ἑρμῆς ὁ Τρισμέγιστος, "thrice-greatest Hermes"; Mercurius ter Maximus; חרם תלת מחזות) is the purported author of the ''Hermetic Corpus'', a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Hermes Trismegistus · See more »

Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (Ordo Hermeticus Aurorae Aureae; or, more commonly, the Golden Dawn (Aurora Aurea)) was an organization devoted to the study and practice of the occult, metaphysics, and paranormal activities during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

New!!: Western esotericism and Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn · See more »


The Hermetica are Egyptian-Greek wisdom texts from the 2nd century AD and later, which are mostly presented as dialogues in which a teacher, generally identified as Hermes Trismegistus ("thrice-greatest Hermes"), enlightens a disciple.

New!!: Western esotericism and Hermetica · See more »


Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious, philosophical, and esoteric tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus ("Thrice Great").

New!!: Western esotericism and Hermeticism · See more »


Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Western esotericism and Hinduism · See more »

His Dark Materials

His Dark Materials is an epic trilogy of fantasy novels by Philip Pullman consisting of Northern Lights (1995) (published as The Golden Compass in North America), The Subtle Knife (1997), and The Amber Spyglass (2000).

New!!: Western esotericism and His Dark Materials · See more »

History of ideas

The history of ideas is a field of research in history that deals with the expression, preservation, and change of human ideas over time.

New!!: Western esotericism and History of ideas · See more »


Iamblichus (Ἰάμβλιχος, c. AD 245 – c. 325), was a Syrian Neoplatonist philosopher of Arab origin.

New!!: Western esotericism and Iamblichus · See more »

Illuminates of Thanateros

The Illuminates of Thanateros (pronounced ĭ-'lū-mə-,nĭts ŭv,thăn-ə-'târ-ōs) is an international magical organization that focuses on practical group work in chaos magic.

New!!: Western esotericism and Illuminates of Thanateros · See more »


Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).

New!!: Western esotericism and Imagination · See more »


Initiation is a rite of passage marking entrance or acceptance into a group or society.

New!!: Western esotericism and Initiation · See more »

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

New!!: Western esotericism and Isaac Newton · See more »

Isis Unveiled

Isis Unveiled: A Master-Key to the Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Science and Theology, published in 1877, is a book of esoteric philosophy and Helena Petrovna Blavatsky's first major work and a key text in her Theosophical movement.

New!!: Western esotericism and Isis Unveiled · See more »

Jakob Böhme

Jakob Böhme (1575 – 17 November 1624) was a German philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran Protestant theologian.

New!!: Western esotericism and Jakob Böhme · See more »

Jane Leade

Jane Ward Leade (March 1624 – 19 August 1704) was a Christian mystic born in Norfolk, England.

New!!: Western esotericism and Jane Leade · See more »


Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

New!!: Western esotericism and Jesus · See more »


Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

New!!: Western esotericism and Jews · See more »

Jiddu Krishnamurti

Jiddu Krishnamurti (11 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was a philosopher, speaker and writer.

New!!: Western esotericism and Jiddu Krishnamurti · See more »

Johann Georg Gichtel

Johann Georg Gichtel (March 14, 1638 – January 21, 1710) was a German mystic and religious leader who was a critic of Lutheranism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Johann Georg Gichtel · See more »

Johann Reuchlin

Johann Reuchlin (sometimes called Johannes; 29 January 1455 – 30 June 1522) was a German-born humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew, whose work also took him to modern-day Austria, Switzerland, and Italy and France.

New!!: Western esotericism and Johann Reuchlin · See more »

Johannes Valentinus Andreae

Johannes Valentinus Andreae (17 August 1586 – 27 June 1654), a.k.a. Johannes Valentinus Andreä or Johann Valentin Andreae, was a German theologian, who claimed to be the author of an ancient text known as the Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz anno 1459 (published in 1616, Strasbourg, as the Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz).

New!!: Western esotericism and Johannes Valentinus Andreae · See more »

John Pordage

John Pordage (1607–1681) was an Anglican priest, astrologer, alchemist and Christian mystic.

New!!: Western esotericism and John Pordage · See more »

Joseph Goebbels

Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.

New!!: Western esotericism and Joseph Goebbels · See more »


Judeo-Christian is a term that groups Judaism and Christianity, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism, both religions common use of the Torah, or due to perceived parallels or commonalities shared values between those two religions, which has contained as part of Western culture.

New!!: Western esotericism and Judeo-Christian · See more »

Julius Evola

Baron Giulio Cesare Andrea Evola (19 May 1898–11 June 1974), better known as Julius Evola, was an Italian philosopher, painter, and esotericist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Julius Evola · See more »


Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Kabbalah · See more »

Karl Harrer

Karl Harrer (8 October 1890 – 5 September 1926) was a German journalist and politician, one of the founding members of the "Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" (German Workers' Party, DAP) in January 1919, the predecessor to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party – NSDAP); more commonly known as the Nazi Party.

New!!: Western esotericism and Karl Harrer · See more »

Karl Maria Wiligut

Karl Maria Wiligut (alias Weisthor, Jarl Widar, Lobesam; 10 December 1866 – 3 January 1946) was an Austrian Occultist and SS-Brigadeführer.

New!!: Western esotericism and Karl Maria Wiligut · See more »

Late antiquity

Late antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages in mainland Europe, the Mediterranean world, and the Near East.

New!!: Western esotericism and Late antiquity · See more »


A libertine is one devoid of most moral or sexual restraints, which are seen as unnecessary or undesirable, especially one who ignores or even spurns accepted morals and forms of behaviour sanctified by the larger society.

New!!: Western esotericism and Libertine · See more »

Lodovico Lazzarelli

Ludovico Lazzarelli (4 February 1447 – 23 June 1500) was an Italian poet, philosopher, courtier, hermeticist and (likely) magician and diviner of the early Renaissance.

New!!: Western esotericism and Lodovico Lazzarelli · See more »


Lucian of Samosata (125 AD – after 180 AD) was a Hellenized Syrian satirist and rhetorician who is best known for his characteristic tongue-in-cheek style, with which he frequently ridiculed superstition, religious practices, and belief in the paranormal.

New!!: Western esotericism and Lucian · See more »


Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

New!!: Western esotericism and Lutheranism · See more »

Macrocosm and microcosm

Macrocosm and microcosm refers to a vision of cosmos where the part (microcosm) reflects the whole (macrocosm) and vice versa.

New!!: Western esotericism and Macrocosm and microcosm · See more »

Magic (supernatural)

Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.

New!!: Western esotericism and Magic (supernatural) · See more »


A manifesto is a published verbal declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.

New!!: Western esotericism and Manifesto · See more »

Marsilio Ficino

Marsilio Ficino (Latin name: Marsilius Ficinus; 19 October 1433 – 1 October 1499) was an Italian scholar and Catholic priest who was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance.

New!!: Western esotericism and Marsilio Ficino · See more »


Martinism is a form of Christian mysticism and esoteric Christianity concerned with the fall of the first man, his state of material privation from his divine source, and the process of his return, called 'Reintegration' or illumination.

New!!: Western esotericism and Martinism · See more »

Master's degree

A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.

New!!: Western esotericism and Master's degree · See more »

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

New!!: Western esotericism and Middle Ages · See more »

Mind over matter

Mind over matter is a phrase that has been used in several contexts, such as mind-centric spiritual doctrines, parapsychology, and philosophy.

New!!: Western esotericism and Mind over matter · See more »

Mircea Eliade

Mircea Eliade (– April 22, 1986) was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the University of Chicago.

New!!: Western esotericism and Mircea Eliade · See more »

Modern Paganism

Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.

New!!: Western esotericism and Modern Paganism · See more »


Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".

New!!: Western esotericism and Modernity · See more »


Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.

New!!: Western esotericism and Multiculturalism · See more »


A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

New!!: Western esotericism and Muslim · See more »

Nature (philosophy)

Nature has two inter-related meanings in philosophy.

New!!: Western esotericism and Nature (philosophy) · See more »


Naturphilosophie ("philosophy of nature" or "nature-philosophy" in German) is a term used in English-language philosophy to identify a current in the philosophical tradition of German idealism, as applied to the study of nature in the earlier 19th century.

New!!: Western esotericism and Naturphilosophie · See more »

Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Nazi Party · See more »


National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

New!!: Western esotericism and Nazism · See more »


Neoplatonism is a term used to designate a strand of Platonic philosophy that began with Plotinus in the third century AD against the background of Hellenistic philosophy and religion.

New!!: Western esotericism and Neoplatonism · See more »


Neoshamanism refers to "new"' forms of shamanism, or methods of seeking visions or healing.

New!!: Western esotericism and Neoshamanism · See more »

New Age

New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.

New!!: Western esotericism and New Age · See more »

New religious movement

A new religious movement (NRM), also known as a new religion or an alternative spirituality, is a religious or spiritual group that has modern origins and which occupies a peripheral place within its society's dominant religious culture.

New!!: Western esotericism and New religious movement · See more »

New Thought

The New Thought movement (also "Higher Thought") is a religious movement which developed in the United States in the 19th century, considered by many to have been derived from the unpublished writings of Phineas Quimby.

New!!: Western esotericism and New Thought · See more »

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (15 January 195329 August 2012) was a British historian and professor of Western Esotericism at University of Exeter, best known for his authorship of several scholarly books on esoteric traditions.

New!!: Western esotericism and Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke · See more »

Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.

New!!: Western esotericism and Nicolaus Copernicus · See more »


A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

New!!: Western esotericism and Noun · See more »


The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".

New!!: Western esotericism and Occult · See more »

Ordo Templi Orientis

Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.

New!!: Western esotericism and Ordo Templi Orientis · See more »

P. D. Ouspensky

Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii (known in English as Peter D. Ouspensky, Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский; 5 March 1878 – 2 October 1947), was a Russian esotericist known for his expositions of the early work of the Greek-Armenian teacher of esoteric doctrine George Gurdjieff, whom he met in Moscow in 1915.

New!!: Western esotericism and P. D. Ouspensky · See more »

Pagan studies

Pagan studies is the multidisciplinary academic field devoted to the study of contemporary Paganism, a broad assortment of modern religious movements, which are typically influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various pagan beliefs of premodern Europe.

New!!: Western esotericism and Pagan studies · See more »


Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).

New!!: Western esotericism and Paganism · See more »


Paracelsianism (also Paracelsism; German Paracelsismus) was an early modern medical movement based on the theories and therapies of Paracelsus.

New!!: Western esotericism and Paracelsianism · See more »


Paracelsus (1493/4 – 24 September 1541), born Theophrastus von Hohenheim (full name Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim), was a Swiss physician, alchemist, and astrologer of the German Renaissance.

New!!: Western esotericism and Paracelsus · See more »


Parapsychology is the study of paranormal and psychic phenomena which include telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, psychokinesis, near-death experiences, reincarnation, apparitional experiences, and other paranormal claims.

New!!: Western esotericism and Parapsychology · See more »

Paschal Beverly Randolph

Paschal Beverly Randolph (October 8, 1825 – July 29, 1875) was an African American medical doctor, occultist, spiritualist, trance medium, and writer.

New!!: Western esotericism and Paschal Beverly Randolph · See more »

Perennial philosophy

Perennial philosophy (philosophia perennis), also referred to as Perennialism and perennial wisdom, is a perspective in modern spirituality that views each of the world's religious traditions as sharing a single, metaphysical truth or origin from which all esoteric and exoteric knowledge and doctrine has grown.

New!!: Western esotericism and Perennial philosophy · See more »


The Philadelphians, or the Philadelphian Society, were a 17th century English dissenter group.

New!!: Western esotericism and Philadelphians · See more »


Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

New!!: Western esotericism and Philosophy · See more »

Phineas Quimby

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (February 16, 1802 – January 16, 1866) was an American spiritual teacher, magnetizer, mesmerist, and inventor.

New!!: Western esotericism and Phineas Quimby · See more »


Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

New!!: Western esotericism and Plato · See more »


Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it.

New!!: Western esotericism and Platonism · See more »


Plotinus (Πλωτῖνος; – 270) was a major Greek-speaking philosopher of the ancient world.

New!!: Western esotericism and Plotinus · See more »

Pope Innocent VIII

Pope Innocent VIII (Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492.

New!!: Western esotericism and Pope Innocent VIII · See more »

Popular culture

Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.

New!!: Western esotericism and Popular culture · See more »

Porphyry (philosopher)

Porphyry of Tyre (Πορφύριος, Porphýrios; فرفوريوس, Furfūriyūs; c. 234 – c. 305 AD) was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was born in Tyre, in the Roman Empire.

New!!: Western esotericism and Porphyry (philosopher) · See more »


Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.

New!!: Western esotericism and Positivism · See more »

Problem of evil

The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent, omniscient, and omnipotent God (see theism).

New!!: Western esotericism and Problem of evil · See more »


Proclus Lycaeus (8 February 412 – 17 April 485 AD), called the Successor (Greek Πρόκλος ὁ Διάδοχος, Próklos ho Diádokhos), was a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, one of the last major classical philosophers (see Damascius).

New!!: Western esotericism and Proclus · See more »


Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.

New!!: Western esotericism and Pseudoscience · See more »


Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

New!!: Western esotericism and Psychiatry · See more »


Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

New!!: Western esotericism and Psychoanalysis · See more »


Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

New!!: Western esotericism and Psychology · See more »


In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".

New!!: Western esotericism and Rationalism · See more »

Religious studies

Religious studies, alternately known as the study of religion, is an academic field devoted to research into religious beliefs, behaviors, and institutions.

New!!: Western esotericism and Religious studies · See more »


The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

New!!: Western esotericism and Renaissance · See more »

René Descartes

René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.

New!!: Western esotericism and René Descartes · See more »

René Guénon

René-Jean-Marie-Joseph Guénon (15 November 1886 – 7 January 1951), also known as ʿAbd al-Wāḥid Yaḥyá, was a French author and intellectual who remains an influential figure in the domain of metaphysics, having written on topics ranging from sacred science and traditional studies, to symbolism and initiation.

New!!: Western esotericism and René Guénon · See more »

Robert A. McDermott

Robert McDermott is professor of Philosophy and Religion at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco.

New!!: Western esotericism and Robert A. McDermott · See more »

Roel van den Broek

Roelof "Roel" van den Broek (born 20 December 1931) is a Dutch religious scholar.

New!!: Western esotericism and Roel van den Broek · See more »

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: Western esotericism and Roman Empire · See more »


Rosicrucianism is a spiritual and cultural movement which arose in Europe in the early 17th century after the publication of several texts which purported to announce the existence of a hitherto unknown esoteric order to the world and made seeking its knowledge attractive to many.

New!!: Western esotericism and Rosicrucianism · See more »

Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Walter Richard Hess (Heß in German; 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany.

New!!: Western esotericism and Rudolf Hess · See more »

Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27 (or 25) February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Rudolf Steiner · See more »


Salvation (salvatio; sōtēría; yāšaʕ; al-ḵalaṣ) is being saved or protected from harm or being saved or delivered from a dire situation.

New!!: Western esotericism and Salvation · See more »


Satanism is a group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan.

New!!: Western esotericism and Satanism · See more »


A séance or seance is an attempt to communicate with spirits.

New!!: Western esotericism and Séance · See more »

Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.

New!!: Western esotericism and Scientific Revolution · See more »


Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries (the attainment of such is termed secularity).

New!!: Western esotericism and Secularism · See more »


Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: Western esotericism and Sicily · See more »


Sleepwalking, also known as somnambulism or noctambulism, is a phenomenon of combined sleep and wakefulness.

New!!: Western esotericism and Sleepwalking · See more »

Social science

Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.

New!!: Western esotericism and Social science · See more »


The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris.

New!!: Western esotericism and Sorbonne · See more »

Spain in the Middle Ages

In many ways, the history of Spain is marked by waves of conquerors who brought their distinct cultures to the peninsula.

New!!: Western esotericism and Spain in the Middle Ages · See more »


Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.

New!!: Western esotericism and Spiritualism · See more »


Starhawk (born Miriam Simos on June 17, 1951) is an American writer, teacher and activist.

New!!: Western esotericism and Starhawk · See more »


Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is considered irrational: for example, if it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.

New!!: Western esotericism and Superstition · See more »

Temple of Set

The Temple of Set is an occult initiatory order founded in 1975.

New!!: Western esotericism and Temple of Set · See more »

Terence McKenna

Terence Kemp McKenna (November 16, 1946 – April 3, 2000) was an American ethnobotanist, mystic, psychonaut, lecturer, author, and an advocate for the responsible use of naturally occurring psychedelic plants.

New!!: Western esotericism and Terence McKenna · See more »


Thaumaturgy (from Greek θαῦμα thaûma, meaning "miracle" or "marvel" and ἔργον érgon, meaning "work" is the capability of a magician or a saint to work magic or miracles. Isaac Bonewits defined thaumaturgy as "the use of magic for nonreligious purposes; the art and science of 'wonder working;' using magic to actually change things in the physical world". It is sometimes translated into English as wonderworking. A practitioner of thaumaturgy is a thaumaturgus, thaumaturge, thaumaturgist or miracle worker.

New!!: Western esotericism and Thaumaturgy · See more »

The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth

The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth refers to an ancient document, one of three Hermetic texts of the mostly Gnostic Nag Hammadi findings.

New!!: Western esotericism and The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth · See more »

The New Church (Swedenborgian)

The New Church (or Swedenborgianism) is the name for several historically related Christian denominations that developed as a new religious movement, informed by the writings of scientist and Swedish Lutheran theologian Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772).

New!!: Western esotericism and The New Church (Swedenborgian) · See more »

The Secret Doctrine

The Secret Doctrine, the Synthesis of Science, Religion and Philosophy, a book originally published as two volumes in 1888 written by Helena Blavatsky.

New!!: Western esotericism and The Secret Doctrine · See more »


Thelema is a social or spiritual philosophy derived from Western esotericism.

New!!: Western esotericism and Thelema · See more »

Theosophical Society

The Theosophical Society was an organization formed in 1875 by Helena Blavatsky to advance Theosophy.

New!!: Western esotericism and Theosophical Society · See more »

Theosophy (Boehmian)

Theosophy, also known as Christian theosophy and Boehmian theosophy, refers to a range of positions within Christianity which focus on the attainment of direct, unmediated knowledge of the nature of divinity and the origin and purpose of the universe.

New!!: Western esotericism and Theosophy (Boehmian) · See more »


Theurgy (from Greek θεουργία, Theourgia) describes the practice of rituals, sometimes seen as magical in nature, performed with the intention of invoking the action or evoking the presence of one or more gods, especially with the goal of achieving henosis (uniting with the divine) and perfecting oneself.

New!!: Western esotericism and Theurgy · See more »

Three Books of Occult Philosophy

Three Books of Occult Philosophy (De Occulta Philosophia libri III) is Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's study of occult philosophy, acknowledged as a significant contribution to the Renaissance philosophical discussion concerning the powers of ritual magic, and its relationship with religion.

New!!: Western esotericism and Three Books of Occult Philosophy · See more »

Thule Society

The Thule Society (Thule-Gesellschaft), originally the Studiengruppe für germanisches Altertum ("Study Group for Germanic Antiquity"), was a German occultist and völkisch group founded in Munich right after World War I, named after a mythical northern country in Greek legend.

New!!: Western esotericism and Thule Society · See more »

Traditional witchcraft

Traditional witchcraft is a term used to refer to a variety of contemporary forms of witchcraft.

New!!: Western esotericism and Traditional witchcraft · See more »

Traditionalist School

The Traditionalist School is a group of 20th- and 21st-century thinkers concerned with what they consider to be the demise of traditional forms of knowledge, both aesthetic and spiritual, within Western society.

New!!: Western esotericism and Traditionalist School · See more »

University of Amsterdam

The University of Amsterdam (abbreviated as UvA, Universiteit van Amsterdam) is a public university located in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

New!!: Western esotericism and University of Amsterdam · See more »

University of Exeter

The University of Exeter is a public research university in Exeter, Devon, South West England, United Kingdom.

New!!: Western esotericism and University of Exeter · See more »


Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

New!!: Western esotericism and Urbanization · See more »

Warburg Institute

The Warburg Institute is a research institution associated with the University of London in central London, England.

New!!: Western esotericism and Warburg Institute · See more »

Western literature

Western literature, also known as European literature, is the literature written in the context of Western culture in the languages of Europe, including the ones belonging to the Indo-European language family as well as several geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian.

New!!: Western esotericism and Western literature · See more »

Western philosophy

Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.

New!!: Western esotericism and Western philosophy · See more »

Western religions

Western religions refer to religions that originated within Western culture, and are thus historically, culturally, and theologically distinct from the Eastern religions.

New!!: Western esotericism and Western religions · See more »

Western world

The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.

New!!: Western esotericism and Western world · See more »


Wicca, also termed Pagan Witchcraft, is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement.

New!!: Western esotericism and Wicca · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Western esotericism and World War II · See more »

Wouter Hanegraaff

Wouter Jacobus Hanegraaff (born April 10, 1961) is full professor of History of Hermetic Philosophy and related currents at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

New!!: Western esotericism and Wouter Hanegraaff · See more »

Redirects here:

Arcane, Arcanes, Esoteric, Esoteric knowledge, Esotericism, Esotericist, Esoterics, Esoterism, Esoterology, Involution (Sri Aurobindo), Mason Word, Mason word, No wife, no horse, no mustache, Western Esoteric Tradition, Western Esotericism, Western Mystery Tradition, Western Mysticism, Western Occult Tradition, Western esoteric tradition, Western magic, Western mystery tradition, Western mysticism, Western occult tradition, Western occultism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_esotericism

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »