264 relations: A. A. Milne, Abingdon School, Academic term, Academy (English school), Act of Uniformity, Adam Boulton, Adam Buxton, Adelaide, Adrian Boult, Alex Beard (arts manager), Alexander Nowell, Alexander Pope, Alexander Shelley, Alfred Enoch, American Revolutionary War, Andrew Graham-Dixon, Andrew Huxley, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Anglicanism, Arthur Dee, Arthur Martin-Leake, Ashburnham House, AstroTurf, Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Augustus Short, Ben Jonson, Benjamin Yeoh, Birching, Boarding school, British intelligence agencies, British Library, C. W. A. Scott, Cambridge Five, Catholic Church, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith, Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Charles O'Hara, Charles Wesley, Charterhouse School, Chengdu, China, Chris Huhne, Christ Church, Oxford, Christopher Wren, Church House, Westminster, Church of England, City of Westminster, Cloister, ..., College Garden, Common Entrance Examination, Commoner, Conrad Shawcross, Coronation of the British monarch, Cotton library, Crimean War, Croix de guerre (Belgium), David Heyman, Day school, Dean of Westminster, Dictionary of National Biography, Dido (singer), Dissolution of the Monasteries, Distinguished Service Order, Double agent, Dulwich College, Earl of Ashburnham, Earl of Burlington, Edgar Adrian, Edmund Henry Lenon, Edward Gibbon, Edward Grant (headmaster), Edward St Aubyn, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Woodville, English Reformation, Escutcheon (heraldry), Eton College, Eton Fives, Financial Times, First Epistle to the Corinthians, FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, Gavin Rossdale, General Certificate of Secondary Education, George Herbert, George VI, George Washington, Gibraltar, Harold Costley-White, Harris Federation, Harris Westminster Sixth Form, Harrow School, Harvard University, Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, Helena Bonham Carter, Henry Liddell, Henry Purcell, Henry VIII of England, Hong Kong, Hossein Ala', House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House system, I was glad, Ian Bostridge, Independent school (United Kingdom), Jack Farthing, James II of England, James Reynolds (correspondent), James Robbins (journalist), Jason Kouchak, Jeremy Bentham, Joe Cornish, John Christie (headmaster), John Dryden, John Gielgud, John Hall (priest), John Locke, John Rae (educator), John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Jonathan Fenby, Jonathan Yeo, KGB, Kim Philby, King's College School, Kyushu University, Lambert Osbaldeston, Latin, Lawrence Hall, London, Leander Club, Legion of Honour, List of oldest schools, Little Dean's Yard, London, Louis Theroux, Lucasta Miller, Malvern College, Marcel Theroux, Martha Lane Fox, Martyn Poliakoff, Mary I of England, Matt Frei, Matthew Lewis (writer), Methodism, Michael Sherwood (banker), Mika (singer), Minister (government), Monarch, Nevill Smyth, New Testament, Nicholas Udall, Nick Bevan, Nick Clegg, Nigel Lawson, Nigella Lawson, NKVD, Noreena Hertz, Norman Parkinson, Old Westminsters F.C., Oliver Cromwell, Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos, Order in Council, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Oxbridge, Oxford University Boat Club, Palace of Westminster, Pancake, Pardon, Patrick Derham, Periodic Videos, Peter Brook, Peter Ustinov, Pig iron, Pimlico Academy, Pinny Grylls, President of the United States, Princes in the Tower, Public school (United Kingdom), Public Schools Act 1868, Putney, Queen's Scholar (Westminster School), Richard Busby, Richard Hakluyt, Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, Richard Wakeford, River Thames, Robert Freind, Robert Hooke, Robert Southey, Robert Uvedale, Rowing (sport), Royal Horticultural Society, Royal National Theatre, Royal Society, Rugby School, Ruth Kelly, Sanctuary, School corporal punishment, Schools' Head of the River Race, Shane MacGowan, Shiplake College, Shrewsbury School, Shrove Tuesday, Simon Gray, Smith Square, SOAS, University of London, South China Morning Post, Sovereign (British coin), St John's, Smith Square, St Paul's School, London, Stanford University, Star Chamber, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Poliakoff, Stephen Rigaud, Stephen Spurr, Sutton Trust, SW postcode area, The Blitz, The Boat Race, The Daily News (UK), The Dunciad, The Football Association, The Observer, The Old Boys' Network, The Times, Thomas Arnold, Thomas Braddock (Anglican priest), Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Pinckney, Timothy Winter, Tony Benn, Trial of the Pyx, Trinity College, Cambridge, Tristram Jones-Parry, UNESCO, University of Cambridge, University of Nottingham, University of Oxford, Victoria Cross, Victorian era, Vincent Square, Walter Hamilton (Master of Magdalene College), Waterloo, Belgium, Wellington College, Berkshire, Westminster Abbey, Westminster School Boat Club, Westminster system, Westminster Under School, Westminster v Charterhouse, 1794, William Camden, William Carey (bishop), William Clark-Kennedy, William George Hawtry Bankes, William Gunion Rutherford, William Markham (bishop), William Morris, William Vincent (priest), World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, Yale University. 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Alan Alexander Milne (18 January 1882 – 31 January 1956) was an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various poems.
Abingdon School is a day and boarding independent school for boys in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England.
An academic term (or simply "term") is a portion of an academic year, the time during which an educational institution holds classes.
Academy schools are state-funded schools in England which are directly funded by the Department for Education and independent of local authority control.
Over the course of English parliamentary history there were a number of Acts of Uniformity.
Thomas Adam Babington Boulton (born 15 February 1959) is a British journalist and broadcaster who is currently the Editor-at-large of Sky News, and presenter of All Out Politics & Week In Review.
Adam Offord Buxton (born 7 June 1969) is an English comedian, writer and actor.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Sir Adrian Cedric Boult, CH (8 April 1889 – 22 February 1983) was an English conductor.
Alexander Charles Beard CBE (born October 1963) was the deputy director of the Tate from 2002 to 2013.
Alexander Nowell (13 February 1602) was an English Protestant theologian and clergyman.
Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet.
Alexander Gordon Shelley (born 8 October 1979, London, England) is an Echo Music Prize-winning English conductor.
Alfred Lewis Enoch (born 2 December 1988) is a British actor, best known for portraying Dean Thomas in the ''Harry Potter series of'' films and Wes Gibbins in the ABC legal drama How to Get Away with Murder.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Andrew Michael Graham-Dixon (born 26 December 1960) is a British art historian and broadcaster.
Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley (22 November 191730 May 2012) was a Nobel Prize-winning English physiologist and biophysicist.
Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber Kt (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Arthur Dee (13 July 1579 – September or October 1651) was a physician and alchemist.
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Martin-Leake, (4 April 1874 – 22 June 1953) was a British physician, officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps and a double recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Ashburnham House is an extended seventeenth-century house on Little Dean's Yard in Westminster, London, United Kingdom, which since 1882 has been part of Westminster School.
AstroTurf is a brand of artificial turf playing surface.
Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, (28 September 173514 March 1811), styled Earl of Euston between 1747 and 1757, was a British Whig statesman of the Georgian era.
Augustus Short (11 June 1802 – 5 October 1883) was the first Anglican bishop of Adelaide, South Australia.
Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
Benjamin Yeoh (born 1978) aka Ben Yeoh is one of the first British Chinese playwrights to have his plays performed and recognised in the UK.
Birching is a corporal punishment with a birch rod, typically applied to the recipient's bare buttocks, although occasionally to the back and/or shoulders.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
The Government of the United Kingdom maintains intelligence agencies within several different government departments.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
Flight Lieutenant Charles William Anderson Scott, AFC (13 February 1903 – 15 April 1946) was an English aviator, best known for winning the MacRobertson Air Race in 1934.
The Cambridge Spy Ring was a ring of spies in the United Kingdom, who passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and was active at least into the early 1950s.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Cotesworth "C.
Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith (22 March 1909 – 3 December 1981) at Information Britain web site was a British polymath historian of aeronautics and aviation.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
General Charles O'Hara (1740 – 25 February 1802) was a British military officer who served in the Seven Years' War, American War of Independence, and French Revolutionary War, and later served as Governor of Gibraltar.
Charles Wesley (18 December 1707 – 29 March 1788) was an English leader of the Methodist movement, most widely known for writing more than 6,000 hymns.
Charterhouse is an independent day and boarding school in Godalming, Surrey.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christopher Murray Paul-Huhne (born 2 July 1954), known as Chris Huhne, is an energy and climate change consultant and formerly a British journalist and politician who was the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Eastleigh from 2005 to 2013 and the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change from 2010 to 2012.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Church House is the home of the headquarters of the Church of England, occupying the south end of Dean's Yard next to Westminster Abbey in London.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
A cloister (from Latin claustrum, "enclosure") is a covered walk, open gallery, or open arcade running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth.
College Garden is a private garden of Westminster Abbey in London, open to the public every Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday afternoon throughout the year.
Common Entrance Examinations (commonly known as CE) are taken by independent school pupils in the UK as part of the admissions process for academically selective secondary schools at age 13.
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.
Conrad Hartley Pelham Shawcross (born 26 April 1977) is a British artist specializing in mechanical sculptures based on philosophical and scientific ideas.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally invested with regalia and crowned at Westminster Abbey.
The Cotton or Cottonian library is a collection of manuscripts once owned by Sir Robert Bruce Cotton MP (1571–1631), an antiquarian and bibliophile.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The Croix de guerre (French) or Oorlogskruis (Dutch), both literally translating as "War Cross", is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Belgium established by royal decree on 25 October 1915.
David Jonathan Heyman (born 26 July 1961) is an English film producer and the founder of Heyday Films.
A day school—as opposed to a boarding school—is an educational institution where children (or high school age adolescents) are given instruction during the day, after which the students return to their homes.
The Dean of Westminster is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
Dido Florian Cloud de Bounevialle O'Malley Armstrong, when asked to say her real name.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
In the field of counterintelligence, a double agent (also double secret agent) is an employee of a secret intelligence service for one country, whose primary purpose is to spy on a target organization of another country, but who, in fact, has been discovered by the target organization and is now spying on their own country's organization for the target organization.
Dulwich College is a boarding and day independent school for boys in Dulwich in southeast London, England.
The title Baron Ashburnham (pronounced "Ash-burn-am"), of Ashburnham in the County of Sussex, was created in the Peerage of England in 1689 for John Ashburnham, grandson of the John Ashburnham who assisted King Charles I to escape from Oxford and Hampton Court Palace.
Earl of Burlington is a title that has been created twice, the first time in the Peerage of England in 1664 and the second in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1831.
Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian (30 November 1889 – 4 August 1977) was an English electrophysiologist and recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology, won jointly with Sir Charles Sherrington for work on the function of neurons.
Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Henry Lenon VC (26 August 1838 – 15 April 1893) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Edward Gibbon FRS (8 May 173716 January 1794) was an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament.
Edward Grant (or Graunt; 1540s–1601) was an English classical scholar, Latin poet, and headmaster of Westminster School.
Edward St Aubyn (born 14 January 1960) is an English author and journalist most prominent for his semi-autobiographical Patrick Melrose novels.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elizabeth Woodville (also spelled Wydville, Wydeville, or WidvileAlthough spelling of the family name is usually modernised to "Woodville", it was spelled "Wydeville" in contemporary publications by Caxton and her tomb at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle is inscribed thus; "Edward IV and his Queen Elizabeth Widvile".) (c. 1437Karen Lindsey, Divorced, Beheaded, Survived, xviii, Perseus Books, 1995 – 8 June 1492) was Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV from 1464 until his death in 1483.
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
In heraldry, an escutcheon is a shield that forms the main or focal element in an achievement of arms.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
Eton Fives, a derivative of the British game of Fives, is a handball game, similar to Rugby Fives, played as doubles in a three-sided court.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The First Epistle to the Corinthians (Α΄ ᾽Επιστολὴ πρὸς Κορινθίους), usually referred to simply as First Corinthians and often written 1 Corinthians, is one of the Pauline epistles of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Field Marshal FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, (30 September 1788 – 28 June 1855), known before 1852 as Lord FitzRoy Somerset, was a British Army officer.
Gavin McGregor Rossdale (born 30 October 1965) is an English musician and actor, and the lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the rock band Bush.
The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
George Herbert (3 April 1593 – 1 March 1633) was a Welsh-born poet, orator, and priest of the Church of England.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Very Rev Harold Costley-White DD (9 November 1878 – 5 April 1966) was an Anglican dean and author in the mid-20th century.
Harris Federation is a federation of Primary and Secondary academies in and around London.
Harris Westminster Sixth Form (also known as Harris Westminster or HWSF) is a selective mixed Sixth Form in central London which was established with the goal of increasing the rate of entry to top universities among students from areas of socio-economic deprivation.
Harrow School is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) is an association of the headmasters or headmistresses of 283 independent schools (both boarding schools and day schools) in the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and the Republic of Ireland.
Helena Bonham Carter (born 26 May 1966) is an English actress best known for her roles in low-budget arthouse and independent films to large-scale Hollywood productions.
Henry George Liddell (6 February 1811 – 18 January 1898) was dean (1855–91) of Christ Church, Oxford, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1870–74), headmaster (1846–55) of Westminster School (where a house is now named after him), author of A History of Rome (1855), and co-author (with Robert Scott) of the monumental work A Greek–English Lexicon, known as "Liddell and Scott", which is still widely used by students of Greek.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hosein Alā (حسین علاء; December 13, 1881 in Tehran – July 12, 1964 in Tehran) was Prime Minister of Iran in 1951 and from 1955 to 1957.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The house system is a traditional feature of schools in England, originating in England.
I was glad (Latin incipit, Laetatus sum) is an introit commonly used in Anglicanism, and also used as an anthem traditionally sung at the Coronation of the British monarch.
Ian Charles Bostridge CBE (born 25 December 1964) is an English tenor, well known for his performances as an opera and lieder singer.
In the United Kingdom, independent schools (also private schools) are fee-paying private schools, governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools.
Jack Farthing (born October 14, 1985) is an English actor who is notable for playing Freddie Threepwood in Blandings and George Balfour in The Riot Club.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James Edward Reynolds (born 20 May 1974) is the Rome Correspondent for BBC News.
James Robbins (born 19 January 1954) is the BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent, a post he has held since January 1998.
Jason Kouchak is a French pianist, composer and singer-songwriter.
Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
Joseph Murray Cornish (born 20 December 1968) is an English comedian, television and radio presenter, film director, writer and actor, who together with his long-time comedy partner, Adam Buxton, forms the comedy duo Adam and Joe.
John Traill Christie (18 October 1899 – 8 September 1980) was headmaster of Repton School (1932–37) and Westminster School (1937–50), before becoming Principal of Jesus College, Oxford (1949–67).
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000) was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades.
John Robert Hall (born 13 March 1949) is an English priest of the Church of England.
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.
Jonathan Fenby, CBE (born 11 November 1942) is China Chairman and Managing Director, European Politics at the research service TSLombard.
Jonathan Yeo (born December 18, 1970 in London, England) is a British artist who rose to international prominence in his early 20s as a contemporary portraitist, having painted Kevin Spacey, Dennis Hopper, Cara Delevingne, Damien Hirst, Prince Philip, Erin O'Connor, Tony Blair, and David Cameron among others.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963.
King's College School, commonly referred to as KCS, King's or KCS Wimbledon, is a selective independent school in Wimbledon, southwest London, England.
, abbreviated to, is a Japanese national university located in Fukuoka, in the island of Kyushu.
Lambert Osbaldeston (1594–1659), sometimes written Osbolston was headmaster of Westminster School.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lawrence Hall in Greycoat Street, Westminster was the newer of the two Royal Horticultural Halls owned by R.H.S. Enterprises Limited, which is part of the Royal Horticultural Society charity in central London.
Leander Club, founded in 1818, is one of the oldest rowing clubs in the world, and the oldest non-academic club.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
This is a list of extant schools, excluding universities and higher education establishments, that have been in continuous operation since founded.
Little Dean's Yard, known to Westminster School just as Yard, is a private gated yard at the heart of the school, within the precincts of the ancient monastery of Westminster.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Louis Sebastian Theroux (born 20 May 1970) is a British documentary filmmaker and broadcaster.
Lucasta Frances Elizabeth Miller is an English writer and literary journalist.
Malvern College is an independent coeducational day and boarding school in Malvern, Worcestershire, England.
Marcel Raymond Theroux (born 13 June 1968) is an English novelist and broadcaster.
Martha Lane Fox, Baroness Lane-Fox of Soho, CBE (born 10 February 1973) is a British businesswoman, philanthropist and public servant.
Sir Martyn Poliakoff CBE CChem FRS FRSC FIChemE (born 16 December 1947) is a British chemist, working on gaining insights into fundamental chemistry, and on developing environmentally acceptable processes and materials.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Matthias "Matt" Frei (born 26 November 1963) is a German-born British television news journalist and writer, formerly the Washington, DC correspondent for Channel 4 News.
Matthew Gregory Lewis (9 July 1775 – 14 or 16 May 1818) was an English novelist and dramatist, often referred to as "Monk" Lewis, because of the success of his 1796 Gothic novel, The Monk.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
For the American musician, see Michael Sherwood. Michael Sherwood, also known as Woody, (born 1965) is a British banker.
Mika (born Michael Holbrook Penniman Jr.; 18 August 1983), stylised as MIKA, is a Lebanese-born English singer and songwriter.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
Major General Sir Nevill Maskelyne Smyth, (14 August 1868 – 21 July 1941) was a senior officer in the British Army and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Nicholas Udall (or Uvedale Udal, Woodall, or other variations) (1504 – 23 December 1556) was an English playwright, cleric, and schoolmaster, the author of Ralph Roister Doister, generally regarded as the first comedy written in the English language.
Nicholas Vaughan Bevan (21 February 1942 – 12 January 2014) was a leading British rowing coach and school headmaster.
Sir Nicholas William Peter Clegg (born 7 January 1967) is a British politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2015 and as Leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2007 to 2015.
Nigel Lawson, Baron Lawson of Blaby, (born 11 March 1932) is a British Conservative politician and journalist.
Nigella Lucy Lawson (born 6 January 1960) is an English journalist, broadcaster, television personality, gourmet, and food writer.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
Noreena Hertz (born 24 September 1967) is an English academic, economist, author and has hosted her show, "MegaHertz: London Calling," on SiriusXM's Insight channel since August 28 2017.
Norman Parkinson, CBE (21 April 1913 – 15 February 1990) was a celebrated English portrait and fashion photographer.
Old Westminsters F.C. is an association football club composed of former pupils of Westminster School, London, England.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos, (15 March 1893 – 21 January 1972) was a British businessman from the Lyttelton family who was brought into government during the Second World War, holding a number of ministerial posts.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
Oxbridge is a portmanteau of "Oxford" and "Cambridge"; the two oldest, most prestigious, and consistently most highly-ranked universities in the United Kingdom.
Oxford University Boat Club (OUBC) is the rowing club of the University of Oxford, England, located on the River Thames at Oxford.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A pancake (or hotcake, griddlecake, or flapjack) is a flat cake, often thin and round, prepared from a starch-based batter that may contain eggs, milk and butter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or frying pan, often frying with oil or butter.
A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.
Patrick Derham OBE (born 23 August 1959) is a British History teacher and educationalist.
The Periodic Table of Videos (usually shortened to Periodic Videos) is a series of videos about chemical elements and the periodic table.
Peter Stephen Paul Brook, CH, CBE (born 21 March 1925) is an English theatre and film director who has been based in France since the early 1970s.
Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov, (né von Ustinov; or; 16 April 192128 March 2004) was a British actor, voice actor, writer, dramatist, filmmaker, theatre and opera director, stage designer, screenwriter, comedian, humorist, newspaper and magazine columnist, radio broadcaster, and television presenter.
Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry.
Pimlico Academy (formerly Pimlico School) is a Mixed-sex education secondary school and sixth form with academy status, located in the Pimlico area of Westminster, London.
Pinny Grylls is a documentary filmmaker.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
"The Princes in the Tower" is an expression frequently used to refer to Edward V, King of England and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York.
A public school in England and Wales is a long-established, student-selective, fee-charging independent secondary school that caters primarily for children aged between 11 or 13 and 18, and whose head teacher is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).
The Public Schools Act 1868 was enacted by the British Parliament to reform and regulate seven of the leading English boys' schools of the time, most of which had grown out of ancient charity schools for the education of a certain number of poor scholars, but were then, as they do today, also educating many sons of the English upper and upper-middle classes on a fee-paying basis.
Putney is a district in south-west London, England in the London Borough of Wandsworth.
The Queen's Scholarships are forty-four scholarships (12 per year) at Westminster School, (re)founded in 1560 by Queen Elizabeth I. The scholars take part in the coronation in Westminster Abbey, acclaiming the new monarch by shouting "Vivat".
Richard Hakluyt (1553 – 23 November 1616) was an English writer.
Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York KG (born 17 August 1473), was the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury.
Major Richard Wakeford VC (23 July 1921–27 August 1972) was an English soldier and a recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Robert Freind (1667–1751) was an English clergyman and headmaster of Westminster School.
Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
Robert Southey (or 12 August 1774 – 21 March 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the "Lake Poets" along with William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and England's Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 until his death in 1843.
Dr Robert Uvedale (1642–1722) was an English teacher and horticulturist.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), founded in 1804 as the Horticultural Society of London, is the UK's leading gardening charity.
The Royal National Theatre in London, commonly known as the National Theatre (NT) is one of the United Kingdom's three most prominent publicly funded performing arts venues, alongside the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Royal Opera House.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Rugby School is a day and boarding co-educational independent school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England.
Ruth Maria Kelly (born 9 May 1968) is a former British Labour Party politician, serving as Member of Parliament (MP) for Bolton West from 1997 until she stood down in 2010.
A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine.
School corporal punishment refers to causing deliberate pain or discomfort in response to undesired behaviour by students in schools.
The Schools' Head of the River Race (SHORR) is the UK's largest school-age processional (head rowing) race and is organised by Westminster School for crews aged between 14 and 18 years old.
Shane Patrick Lysaght MacGowan (born 25 December 1957) is an English born musician and singer-songwriter, best known as the lead singer and songwriter of Celtic punk band the Pogues.
Shiplake College is an independent boarding and day school in Shiplake, by the River Thames just outside Henley-on-Thames, England.
Shrewsbury School is an English co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13 to 18 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, founded by Edward VI in 1552 by Royal Charter.
Shrove Tuesday (also known in Commonwealth countries and Ireland as Pancake Tuesday or Pancake day) is the day in February or March immediately preceding Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent), which is celebrated in some countries by consuming pancakes.
Simon James Holliday Gray, CBE (21 October 1936 – 7 August 2008) was an English playwright and memoirist who also had a career as a university lecturer in English literature at Queen Mary, University of London, for 20 years.
Smith Square is a square in the Westminster district of London, just south of the Palace of Westminster.
SOAS University of London (the School of Oriental and African Studies), is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.
The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling.
St John's Smith Square is a former church in the centre of Smith Square, Westminster, London.
St Paul's School is a selective independent school for boys aged 13–18, founded in 1509 by John Colet and located on a 43-acre (180,000m2) site by the River Thames, in Barnes, London.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
The Star Chamber (Latin: Camera stellata) was an English court of law which sat at the royal Palace of Westminster, from the late to the mid-17th century (c. 1641), and was composed of Privy Councillors and common-law judges, to supplement the judicial activities of the common-law and equity courts in civil and criminal matters.
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
Stephen Poliakoff, CBE, FRSL (born 1 December 1952) is a British playwright, director and scriptwriter.
Stephen Jordan Rigaud (1816–1859), eldest son of Stephen Peter Rigaud, was an English clergyman and schoolmaster.
Stephen Spurr (born 9 October 1953) is a British teacher, classicist, and academic.
The Sutton Trust is an educational charity in the United Kingdom which aims to improve social mobility and address educational disadvantage.
The SW (South Western) postcode area, also known as the London SW postcode area, is a group of postcode districts covering part of southwest London, England.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Boat Race is an annual rowing race between the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club, rowed between men's and women's open-weight eights on the River Thames in London, England.
The Daily News was a national daily newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The Dunciad is a landmark mock-heroic narrative poem by Alexander Pope published in three different versions at different times from 1728 to 1743.
The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Old Boys' Network: A Headmaster's Diaries 1970–1986 is the 2009 autobiography by the late headmaster of Westminster School, John Rae.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Thomas Arnold (13 June 1795 – 12 June 1842) was an English educator and historian.
Thomas Braddock or Bradock (c1556–1607) was an Anglican clergyman of the 16th century, Headmaster of Reading School from 1588 to 1589 and a translator into Latin.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Thomas Pinckney (October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828) was an early American statesman, diplomat, and soldier in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, achieving the rank of major general.
Timothy John Winter (born 1960), also known as Shaykh Abdal Hakim Murad, is an English Sunni Muslim scholar, researcher, writer and academic.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014), originally known as Anthony Wedgwood Benn, but later as Tony Benn, was a British politician, writer, and diarist.
The Trial of the Pyx is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to the required standards.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
Tristram Jones-Parry (born 23 July 1947) is a British teacher of mathematics.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vincent Square is a large grass-covered square in Westminster, London, England, covering 13 acres.
Walter Hamilton (10 February 1908 – 1988) was the son of Walter George Hamilton, a tea trader in the City of London, and his wife, Caroline Mary Stiff, a schoolmistress.
Waterloo (Waterlô) is a Walloon municipality in the province of Walloon Brabant, Belgium, which in 2011 had a population of 29,706 and an area of.
Wellington College is a British co-educational day and boarding independent school in the village of Crowthorne, Berkshire.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Westminster School Boat Club is the oldest rowing club in the world.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
Westminster Under School is an independent school and preparatory school for boys aged 7 to 13 and is attached to Westminster School in London.
Pupils of Westminster School and Charterhouse School played a cricket match in London on 5 August 1794 which was recorded in the earliest known scorecard of a schools match.
William Camden (2 May 1551 – 9 November 1623) was an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.
William Carey (1769–1846) was an English churchman and headmaster, Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of St Asaph.
William Hew Clark-Kennedy, (3 March 1879 – 25 October 1961) was a British-born Canadian soldier and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
William George Hawtry Bankes VC (11 September 1836 – 6 April 1858) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
William Gunion Rutherford (17 July 1853 – 19 July 1907) was a Scottish scholar.
William Markham (1719 – 3 November 1807), English divine, served as Archbishop of York from 1777 until his death.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
William Vincent (2 November 1739 – 21 December 1815) was Dean of Westminster from 1802 to 1815.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Old Westminster, RCSPW, Royal College of St. Peter at Westminster, Royal College of St. Peter in Westminster, Shag (Day), St. Peter's College, Westminster, TRCSPW, The Royal College of St Peter at Westminster, The Royal College of St Peter in Westminster, The Royal College of St. Peter in Westminster, The Westminster School, Westminster School Pancake Greaze, Westminster Upper School, Westminster school, Westminster upper school, Westmister school.