149 relations: Allied-occupied Germany, Ancient Rome, Angria, Arnsberg (region), Basingstoke, Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, Bielefeld, Bizone, Bochum, Borken (district), Bottrop, Brandenburg-Prussia, Candide, Catholic Church, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Central German, Central Uplands, Charlemagne, Client state, Coat of arms of Lower Saxony, Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia, Coesfeld (district), Condominium (international law), Confederation of the Rhine, Congress of Vienna, Country, Detmold (region), Districts of Germany, Dortmund, Duchy of Saxony, Duchy of Westphalia, Early Middle Ages, Eastphalia, Emil Rittershaus, Emperor William Monument (Porta Westfalica), Ems (river), Enger, England, Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, Evangelical Church in Germany, First French Empire, Flag of Germany, Flag of Lower Saxony, Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Free State of Lippe, Free State of Prussia, Freudenberg, Westphalia, ..., Frisia, Gütersloh (district), Gelsenkirchen, German Confederation, German Empire, German language, German Reich, Germany, Hagen, Hamm, Höxter (district), Hellweg Börde, Henry the Lion, Herford (district), Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, History of Germany, Hochsauerlandkreis, Holy Roman Empire, Iserlohn, Kahler Asten, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Westphalia, Kleinstaaterei, Langenberg (Rothaar), Lippe (district), Lippe (river), Lippstadt, Low Franconian languages, Lower Lorraine, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle, Lower Saxony, Lutheranism, Märkischer Kreis, Münster, Münster (region), Minden-Lübbecke, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Nazi Germany, Nordalbingia, Nordkirchen Castle, North German Confederation, North German Plain, North Rhine-Westphalia, Olpe (district), Osnabrück, Ostwestfalen-Lippe, Paderborn, Paderborn (district), Peace of Westphalia, Porta Westfalica (gorge), Prince-bishop, Prince-Bishopric of Münster, Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn, Principality of Lippe, Prinzipalmarkt, Province of Westphalia, Prussia, Prussian Army, Recklinghausen, Recklinghausen (district), Reformation, Regierungsbezirk, Rhine, Rhine Province, Rhineland, Rothaar Mountains, Ruhr, Ruhr (river), Sauerland, Saxon Steed, Saxon Wars, Saxons, Saxony-Anhalt, Siegen, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Siegerland, Soest (district), States of Germany, Steinfurt (district), Succession of states, Thirty Years' War, Thuringia, Treaties of Tilsit, Unna (district), Volkswagen Westfalia Camper, Voltaire, Warendorf (district), Weimar Republic, Weser, West Germany, West Low German, Westfalia, Westphalian ham, Westphalian language, Westphalian sovereignty, Wewelsburg, Widukind, World War II. Expand index (99 more) » « Shrink index
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Angria or Angaria (Engern) is a historical region in the present-day German states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-east of the country.
Basingstoke is the largest town in the modern county of Hampshire (Southampton and Portsmouth being cities.) It is situated in south central England, and lies across a valley at the source of the River Loddon.
The twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt (older name: Auerstädt) were fought on 14 October 1806 on the plateau west of the River Saale in today's Germany, between the forces of Napoleon I of France and Frederick William III of Prussia.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht, or Varusschlacht, Disfatta di Varo), described as the Varian Disaster (Clades Variana) by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus.
Bielefeld is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Bizone or Bizonia was the combination of the American and the British occupation zones on 1 January 1947 during the occupation of Germany after World War II.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany in the Münster region.
Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Brandenburg-Prussia (Brandenburg-Preußen) is the historiographic denomination for the Early Modern realm of the Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns between 1618 and 1701.
Candide, ou l'Optimisme, is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Central German (Mitteldeutsche Dialekte) is a group of High German dialects spoken from the Rhineland in the west to the former eastern territories of Germany.
The Central UplandsDickinson (1964), p.18 ff.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
A client state is a state that is economically, politically, or militarily subordinate to another more powerful state in international affairs.
The coat of arms of the German federal-state of Lower Saxony shows a white Saxon steed (Sachsenross) on a red background.
The coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia is the official coat of arms of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster.
In international law, a condominium (plural either condominia, as in Latin, or condominiums) is a political territory (state or border area) in or over which multiple sovereign powers formally agree to share equal dominium (in the sense of sovereignty) and exercise their rights jointly, without dividing it into "national" zones.
The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin, but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
Detmold is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north-east of the state.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is a Landkreis ("rural district"); the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, where the term is simply Kreis.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Duchy of Saxony (Hartogdom Sassen, Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 772 and incorporated into the Carolingian Empire (Francia) by 804.
The Duchy of Westphalia (Herzogtum Westfalen) was a historic territory in the Holy Roman Empire, which existed from 1180.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
Eastphalia (Ostfalen; Eastphalian: Oostfalen) is a historical region in northern Germany, encompassing the eastern Gaue (shires) of the historic stem duchy of Saxony, roughly confined by the River Leine in the west and the Elbe and Saale in the east.
Friedrich Emil Rittershaus (3 April 1834 – 8 March 1897) was a German poet.
The Emperor William Monument (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal), near the town of Porta Westfalica in the North Rhine-Westphalian county of Minden-Lübbecke, is a colossal monument above the Weser gorge of Porta Westfalica, the "Gateway to Westphalia".
The Ems (Ems; Eems) is a river in northwestern Germany.
Enger is a town in the Herford district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated EKD) is a federation of twenty Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United (Prussian Union) Protestant regional churches and denominations in Germany, which collectively encompasses the vast majority of Protestants in that country.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The flag of Germany or German Flag (Flagge Deutschlands) is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: black, red, and gold (Schwarz-Rot-Gold).
The flag of Lower Saxony consists of the flag of the Federal Republic of Germany in Schwarz-Rot-Gold, with the coat of arms of Lower Saxony, shifted slightly toward the hoist.
The flag of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia is a horizontal tricolor consisting of green, white and red.
Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.
The Free State of Lippe (Freistaat Lippe) was a German state formed after the Principality of Lippe was abolished following the German Revolution of 1918.
The Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) was a German state formed after the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of the First World War.
Freudenberg is a town in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Frisia (Fryslân, Dutch and Friesland) is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea in what today is mostly a large part of the Netherlands, including modern Friesland, and smaller parts of northern Germany.
Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Gelsenkirchen is a city in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany.
The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German-speaking states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Deutsches Reich was the official name for the German nation state from 1871 to 1945 in the German language.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Hagen is the 41st-largest city in Germany.
Hamm (Latin: Hammona) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Hellweg Börde (German: Hellwegbörde) is a börde landscape and natural region on the southern edge of the Westphalian Lowland in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which embraces the old Hellweg trading route cities and towns of Dortmund, Unna, Werl and Soest extending to Salzkotten and from there in an ever narrower strip to its northeastern tip at Schlangen on the edge of the town of Bad Lippspringe.
Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.
Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hesse or Hessia (Hessen, Hessian dialect: Hesse), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen) is a federal state (''Land'') of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.
The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered.
Hochsauerlandkreis (meaning “High Sauerland District” in German) is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Iserlohn is a city in the Märkischer Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Kahler Asten is an 841.9-metre-high mountain in the Rothaar range in the district of Hochsauerland, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813.
Kleinstaaterei ("small-state-ery") is a German word used, often pejoratively, to denote the territorial fragmentation in Germany and neighboring regions during the Holy Roman Empire (especially after the end of the Thirty Years' War) and during the German Confederation in the first half of the 19th century.
The Langenberg rises on the state border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse in Germany and, at, is the highest peak in the Rothaar mountain range, as well as the highest point in the North Rhine-Westphalia and also in the north of Germany outside the Harz Mountains.
Lippe is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Lippe is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Lippstadt is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Low Franconian, Low Frankish (Nederfrankisch, Niederfränkisch, Bas Francique) are a group of several West Germanic languages spoken in the Netherlands, northern Belgium (Flanders), in the Nord department of France, in western Germany (Lower Rhine), as well as in Suriname, South Africa and Namibia that originally descended from the Frankish language.
The Duchy of Lower Lorraine, or Lower Lotharingia (also referred to as Lothier or Lottier in titles), was a stem duchy established in 959, of the medieval Kingdom of Germany, which encompassed almost all of the modern Netherlands (including Friesland), central and eastern Belgium, Luxemburg, the northern part of the German Rhineland province and the eastern parts of France's Nord-Pas de Calais region.
The Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle (Niederrheinisch-Westfälischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
The Märkischer Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Münster (Low German: Mönster; Latin: Monasterium, from the Greek μοναστήριον monastērion, "monastery") is an independent city (Kreisfreie Stadt) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Münster is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north of the state, and named after the capital city of Münster.
Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nordalbingia (Nordalbingien) (also Northern Albingia) was one of the four administrative regions of the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the others being Angria, Eastphalia, and Westphalia.
Schloss Nordkirchen is a palace situated in the town of Nordkirchen in the Coesfeld administrative district in the state of North Rhine Westphalia, Germany.
The North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) was the German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870.
The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Osnabrück (Ossenbrügge; archaic Osnaburg) is a city in the federal state of Lower Saxony in north-west Germany.
Ostwestfalen-Lippe, abbreviation OWL, is a technology region in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a 2,000-year-old history and culture.
Paderborn is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district.
Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.
Weser watershed The Porta Westfalica, also known as the Westphalian Gap, is a gorge and water gap where the Weser river runs through the passage between the mountain chains of the Wiehen Hills in the west and the Weser Hills (part of the Weser Uplands) in the east.
A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some secular principality and sovereignty.
The Bishopric of Münster was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the northern part of today's North Rhine-Westphalia and western Lower Saxony.
The Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn (Fürstbistum Paderborn) was a principality (Hochstift) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1281 to 1802.
Lippe (later Lippe-Detmold and then again Lippe) was a historical state in Germany, ruled by the House of Lippe.
The Prinzipalmarkt is the historic principal marketplace of Münster, Germany.
The Province of Westphalia was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Royal Prussian Army (Königlich Preußische Armee) served as the army of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district.
Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
A German Regierungsbezirk (often abbreviated to Reg.-Bez.; administrative district) is an administrative district of one of the nation's federal states.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
The Rothaar Mountains (Rothaargebirge,, also Rotlagergebirge), or Rothaar, is a low mountain range reaching heights of up to 843.1 m in North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse, Germany.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
__notoc__ The Ruhr is a river in western Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), a right tributary (east-side) of the Rhine.
The Sauerland is a rural, hilly area spreading across most of the south-eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, in parts heavily forested and, apart from the major valleys, sparsely inhabited.
The Saxon Steed (Sachsenross, Niedersachsenross, Welfenross, Westfalenpferd;; Low Saxon: Witte Peerd) is a heraldic motif associated with Lower Saxony and Westphalia.
The Saxon Wars, also called the Saxon War or Saxon Uprising (not to be confused with the Saxon Rebellion of 1073-75), were the campaigns and insurrections of the more than thirty years from 772, when Charlemagne first entered Saxony with the intent to conquer, to 804, when the last rebellion of disaffected tribesmen was crushed.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt,, official: Land Sachsen-Anhalt) is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.
Siegen is a city in Germany, in the south Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Siegerland is a region of Germany covering the old district of Siegen (now part of the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in North Rhine-Westphalia) and the upper part of the district of Altenkirchen, belonging to the Rhineland-Palatinate adjoining it to the west.
Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Succession of states is a theory and practice in international relations regarding successor states.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.
The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.
The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Volkswagen Westfalia Camper was a conversion of Volkswagen Type 2 sold from the early 1950s to 2003.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.
Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
West Low German, also known as Low Saxon (Niedersächsisch or Westniederdeutsch; literally: Nether-saxon; Nedersassisch, Nedersaksies, Platduuts, Plat(t); Nedersaksisch) is a group of Low German (also Low Saxon; German: Niederdeutsch or Plattdeutsch, Dutch: Nederduits) dialects spoken in parts of the Netherlands, northwestern Germany and southern Denmark (in North Schleswig by the German minority).
Westfalia is the designation of various specially converted Volkswagen camper vans.
Westphalian ham (German: Westfälischer Schinken) is a ham produced from acorn-fed pigs raised in the forests of Westphalia, Germany.
Westphalian or Westfalish (German Westfälisch) is one of the major dialect groups of West Low German.
Westphalian sovereignty, or state sovereignty, is the principle of international law that each nation-state has exclusive sovereignty over its territory.
Wewelsburg is a Renaissance castle located in the village of Wewelsburg, which is a district of the town of Büren, Westphalia, in the Landkreis of Paderborn in the northeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Widukind, also known as Widuking or Wittekind, was a leader of the Saxons and the chief opponent of the Frankish king Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.