Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. [1]

230 relations: Aegilops speltoides, Aegilops tauschii, Agricultural Research Service, Agriculture, Alcoholic drink, Allele, Ancient history, Anthesis, Apamea sordens, Archaeological record, Assiros, Ataxia, Axel Springer SE, Çatalhöyük, Çayönü, B vitamins, Bacteria, Baking, Baking powder, Barley yellow dwarf, Basidiomycota, Beer, Biofortification, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Biscuit, Blight, Boza, Bran, Bread, Bread roll, Breakfast cereal, Bulgur, Bushel, Butterfly, Cake, Calorie, Cancer, Canola, Carbohydrate, Carbon-14, Carl Linnaeus, Carotenoid, Caryopsis, Cash crop, Cephalosporium gramineum, Cereal, Cereal growth staging scales, Chaff, Chicago Board of Trade, China, ..., Chromosome, Coeliac disease, Combine harvester, Commodity market, Common bunt, Common wheat, Cookie, CORDIS, Cracker (food), CRC Press, Crop rotation, Crop yield, Cytoplasmic male sterility, Damascus, Dermatitis herpetiformis, Developed country, Dietary fiber, Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score, Domestication, Dough, Doughnut, Durum, Economic surplus, Einkorn wheat, Elsevier, Emmer, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Endosperm, Essential amino acid, European Food Safety Authority, Eyespot (wheat), F1 hybrid, Fat, Fertile Crescent, Fertilizer, Flame (moth), Flour, Food and Agriculture Organization, France, Fruit, Fungicide, Fungus, Fusarium, Fusarium ear blight, Futures contract, Genetically modified crops, Gluten, Gluten-free diet, Gluten-related disorders, Grain, Gravy, Green Revolution, Groat (grain), Growing season, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Haber process, Haworth Press, Health claim, Hectare, Herbicide, Heterosis, Hybrid (biology), India, Integrated Taxonomic Information System, Iraq ed-Dubb, Iron, Isotope, Jared Diamond, Kansas City Board of Trade, Karaca Dağ, Khorasan wheat, Landrace, Larva, Least Developed Countries, Legume, Lepidoptera, Levant, Long-tailed widowbird, Loose smut, Lutein, Lysine, Maize, Malt, Manganese, Mendelian inheritance, Mennonites, Mineral (nutrient), Minneapolis Grain Exchange, Molecular Biology and Evolution, Moth, Mount Hermon, Muesli, Muffin, Mutation breeding, Mycosphaerella graminicola, National Institute of Agricultural Botany, Neolithic, Niacin, Non-celiac gluten sensitivity, Norin 10 wheat, Norman Borlaug, Nutrient, Oat, Pakistan, Pancake, Pasta, Pastry, Phaeosphaeria nodorum, Phosphorus, Pie, Plant breeding, Plant hormone, Ploidy, PLOS One, Poaceae, Polyploid, Porridge, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Protein, Protein (nutrient), Protein quality, Punjab, Purdue University, Pyrenophora tritici-repentis, Rachis, Reference Daily Intake, Root rot, Rye, Seed, Seed drill, Self-pollination, Semolina, Setaceous Hebrew character, Shattering (agriculture), Spelt, Spot blotch (wheat), Stagonospora, Staple food, Stem rust, Stoma, Syria, Take-all, Taxonomy of wheat, Tell Abu Hureyra, Tell Aswad, Temperate climate, Ton, Tonne, Tractor, Transpiration, Triticum aethiopicum, Triticum araraticum, Triticum carthlicum, Triticum compactum, Triticum polonicum, Triticum timopheevii, Triticum urartu, Triticum zhukovskyi, Turnip moth, Ug99, United States, Virus, Viscoelasticity, Vodka, Western pattern diet, Wheat, Wheat allergy, Wheat berry, Wheat flour, Wheat germ oil, Wheat leaf rust, Wheat middlings, Wheat production in the United States, Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus, Wheat yellow rust, Whole grain, Whole-wheat flour, Willem van Zeist, Winter wheat, 21st century. Expand index (180 more) »

Aegilops speltoides

Aegilops speltoides (syn. Sitopsis speltoides (Tausch) Á.Löve) is an edible plant in the Poaceae family native to Southeastern Europe and Western Asia, which is often used for animal feed, and it has grown in cultivated beds.

New!!: Wheat and Aegilops speltoides · See more »

Aegilops tauschii

Aegilops tauschii, also known as Tausch's goatgrass and rough-spike hard grass, is an annual grass species.

New!!: Wheat and Aegilops tauschii · See more »

Agricultural Research Service

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

New!!: Wheat and Agricultural Research Service · See more »


Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

New!!: Wheat and Agriculture · See more »

Alcoholic drink

An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.

New!!: Wheat and Alcoholic drink · See more »


An allele is a variant form of a given gene.

New!!: Wheat and Allele · See more »

Ancient history

Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.

New!!: Wheat and Ancient history · See more »


Anthesis is the period during which a flower is fully open and functional.

New!!: Wheat and Anthesis · See more »

Apamea sordens

Apamea sordens, the rustic shoulder-knot or bordered apamea, is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Wheat and Apamea sordens · See more »

Archaeological record

The archaeological record is the body of physical (not written) evidence about the past.

New!!: Wheat and Archaeological record · See more »


Assiros (Άσσηρος, before 1926: Γιουβέσνα - Giouvesna, Gvozdovo) is a village and a former municipality in the Thessaloniki regional unit, Greece.

New!!: Wheat and Assiros · See more »


Ataxia is a neurological sign consisting of lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements that includes gait abnormality.

New!!: Wheat and Ataxia · See more »

Axel Springer SE

Axel Springer SE is the largest digital publishing house in Europe, with numerous multimedia news brands, such as Bild, Die Welt, and Fakt and more than 15,000 employees.

New!!: Wheat and Axel Springer SE · See more »


Çatalhöyük (also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal "fork" + höyük "mound") was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC.

New!!: Wheat and Çatalhöyük · See more »


Çayönü is a Neolithic settlement in southeastern Turkey inhabited around 7200 to 6600 BC.

New!!: Wheat and Çayönü · See more »

B vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.

New!!: Wheat and B vitamins · See more »


Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Wheat and Bacteria · See more »


Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.

New!!: Wheat and Baking · See more »

Baking powder

Baking powder is a dry chemical leavening agent, a mixture of a carbonate or bicarbonate and a weak acid and is used for increasing the volume and lightening the texture of baked goods.

New!!: Wheat and Baking powder · See more »

Barley yellow dwarf

Barley yellow dwarf is a plant disease caused by the barley yellow dwarf virus, and is the most widely distributed viral disease of cereals.

New!!: Wheat and Barley yellow dwarf · See more »


Basidiomycota is one of two large divisions that, together with the Ascomycota, constitute the subkingdom Dikarya (often referred to as the "higher fungi") within the kingdom Fungi.

New!!: Wheat and Basidiomycota · See more »


Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

New!!: Wheat and Beer · See more »


Biofortification is the idea of breeding crops to increase their nutritional value.

New!!: Wheat and Biofortification · See more »

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) is a UK Research Council and NDPB and is the largest UK public funder of non-medical bioscience.

New!!: Wheat and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council · See more »


Biscuit is a term used for a variety of primarily flour-based baked food products.

New!!: Wheat and Biscuit · See more »


Blight refers to a specific sign affecting plants in response to infection by a pathogenic organism.

New!!: Wheat and Blight · See more »


Boza, also bosa (from boza), is a popular fermented beverage in Kazakhstan, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Azerbaijan and other parts of the Caucasus, Uzbekistan and Romania, Serbia.

New!!: Wheat and Boza · See more »


Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain.

New!!: Wheat and Bran · See more »


Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.

New!!: Wheat and Bread · See more »

Bread roll

A roll is a small, often round loaf of bread served as a meal accompaniment (eaten plain or with butter).

New!!: Wheat and Bread roll · See more »

Breakfast cereal

Breakfast cereal is a food product made from processed cereal grains that is often eaten as a breakfast in primarily Western societies.

New!!: Wheat and Breakfast cereal · See more »


Bulgur (from bulgur; also burghul, from برغل burghul, "groats") is a cereal food made from the parboiled groats of several different wheat species, most often from ''durum'' wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Bulgur · See more »


A bushel (abbreviation: bsh. or bu.) is an imperial and US customary unit of weight or mass based upon an earlier measure of dry capacity.

New!!: Wheat and Bushel · See more »


Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths.

New!!: Wheat and Butterfly · See more »


Cake is a form of sweet dessert that is typically baked.

New!!: Wheat and Cake · See more »


A calorie is a unit of energy.

New!!: Wheat and Calorie · See more »


Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

New!!: Wheat and Cancer · See more »


Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.

New!!: Wheat and Canola · See more »


A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

New!!: Wheat and Carbohydrate · See more »


Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.

New!!: Wheat and Carbon-14 · See more »

Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

New!!: Wheat and Carl Linnaeus · See more »


Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.

New!!: Wheat and Carotenoid · See more »


In botany, a caryopsis (plural caryopses) is a type of simple dry fruit—one that is monocarpellate (formed from a single carpel) and indehiscent (not opening at maturity) and resembles an achene, except that in a caryopsis the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat.

New!!: Wheat and Caryopsis · See more »

Cash crop

A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.

New!!: Wheat and Cash crop · See more »

Cephalosporium gramineum

Cephalosporium gramineum or Hymenula cerealis is a plant pathogen that causes cephalosporium stripe of wheat and other grasses.

New!!: Wheat and Cephalosporium gramineum · See more »


A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.

New!!: Wheat and Cereal · See more »

Cereal growth staging scales

Cereal growth staging scales attempt to objectively measure the growth of cereals.

New!!: Wheat and Cereal growth staging scales · See more »


Chaff is the dry, scaly protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain, or similar fine, dry, scaly plant material such as scaly parts of flowers, or finely chopped straw.

New!!: Wheat and Chaff · See more »

Chicago Board of Trade

The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges.

New!!: Wheat and Chicago Board of Trade · See more »


China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

New!!: Wheat and China · See more »


A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

New!!: Wheat and Chromosome · See more »

Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.

New!!: Wheat and Coeliac disease · See more »

Combine harvester

The modern combine harvester, or simply combine, is a versatile machine designed to efficiently harvest a variety of grain crops.

New!!: Wheat and Combine harvester · See more »

Commodity market

A commodity market is a market that trades in primary economic sector rather than manufactured products.

New!!: Wheat and Commodity market · See more »

Common bunt

Common bunt, also known as stinking smut and covered smut, is a disease of both spring and winter wheats.

New!!: Wheat and Common bunt · See more »

Common wheat

Common wheat (Triticum aestivum), also known as bread wheat, is a cultivated wheat species.

New!!: Wheat and Common wheat · See more »


A cookie is a baked or cooked food that is small, flat and sweet.

New!!: Wheat and Cookie · See more »


CORDIS is the Community Research and Development Information Service.

New!!: Wheat and CORDIS · See more »

Cracker (food)

A cracker is a baked food typically made from flour.

New!!: Wheat and Cracker (food) · See more »

CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.

New!!: Wheat and CRC Press · See more »

Crop rotation

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons.

New!!: Wheat and Crop rotation · See more »

Crop yield

In agriculture, crop yield (also known as "agricultural output") refers to both the measure of the yield of a crop per unit area of land cultivation, and the seed generation of the plant itself (e.g. if three grains are harvested for each grain seeded, the resulting yield is 1:3).

New!!: Wheat and Crop yield · See more »

Cytoplasmic male sterility

Cytoplasmic male sterility is total or partial male sterility in plants as the result of specific nuclear and mitochondrial interactions.

New!!: Wheat and Cytoplasmic male sterility · See more »


Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.

New!!: Wheat and Damascus · See more »

Dermatitis herpetiformis

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a chronic blistering skin condition, characterised by blisters filled with a watery fluid.

New!!: Wheat and Dermatitis herpetiformis · See more »

Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

New!!: Wheat and Developed country · See more »

Dietary fiber

Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.

New!!: Wheat and Dietary fiber · See more »

Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score

Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score (DIAAS) is a new protein quality method, proposed in March 2013 by the Food and Agriculture Organization to replace the current protein ranking standard, Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS).

New!!: Wheat and Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score · See more »


Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

New!!: Wheat and Domestication · See more »


Dough is a thick, malleable, sometimes elastic, paste made out of any grains, leguminous or chestnut crops.

New!!: Wheat and Dough · See more »


A doughnut or donut (both: or; see etymology section) is a type of fried dough confection or dessert food.

New!!: Wheat and Doughnut · See more »


Durum wheat, also called pasta wheat or macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum), is a tetraploid species of wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Durum · See more »

Economic surplus

In mainstream economics, economic surplus, also known as total welfare or Marshallian surplus (after Alfred Marshall), refers to two related quantities.

New!!: Wheat and Economic surplus · See more »

Einkorn wheat

Einkorn wheat (from German Einkorn, literally "single grain") can refer either to the wild species of wheat, Triticum boeoticum, or to the domesticated form, Triticum monococcum.

New!!: Wheat and Einkorn wheat · See more »


Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

New!!: Wheat and Elsevier · See more »


Emmer wheat, also known as farro especially in Italy, or hulled wheat, is a type of awned wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Emmer · See more »

Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems

The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) is an encyclopedia on the science of sustainable development and conservation of life support systems on earth.

New!!: Wheat and Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems · See more »


The endosperm is the tissue produced inside the seeds of most of the flowering plants following fertilization.

New!!: Wheat and Endosperm · See more »

Essential amino acid

An essential amino acid, or indispensable amino acid, is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized ''de novo'' (from scratch) by the organism, and thus must be supplied in its diet.

New!!: Wheat and Essential amino acid · See more »

European Food Safety Authority

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.

New!!: Wheat and European Food Safety Authority · See more »

Eyespot (wheat)

Eyespot is an important fungal disease of wheat caused by the necrotrophic fungus Tapesia yallundae (syn: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides; W-type; Oculimacula yallundae) and Tapesia acuformis (syn: Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides; R-type; Oculimacula acuformis).

New!!: Wheat and Eyespot (wheat) · See more »

F1 hybrid

An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types.

New!!: Wheat and F1 hybrid · See more »


Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.

New!!: Wheat and Fat · See more »

Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent (also known as the "cradle of civilization") is a crescent-shaped region where agriculture and early human civilizations like the Sumer and Ancient Egypt flourished due to inundations from the surrounding Nile, Euphrates, and Tigris rivers.

New!!: Wheat and Fertile Crescent · See more »


A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

New!!: Wheat and Fertilizer · See more »

Flame (moth)

The flame (Axylia putris) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Wheat and Flame (moth) · See more »


Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods.

New!!: Wheat and Flour · See more »

Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

New!!: Wheat and Food and Agriculture Organization · See more »


France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Wheat and France · See more »


In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

New!!: Wheat and Fruit · See more »


Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.

New!!: Wheat and Fungicide · See more »


A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Wheat and Fungus · See more »


Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi, part of a group often referred to as hyphomycetes, widely distributed in soil and associated with plants.

New!!: Wheat and Fusarium · See more »

Fusarium ear blight

Fusarium ear blight (FEB) (also called Fusarium head blight, FHB, or scab), is a fungal disease of cereals, including wheat, barley, oats, rye and triticale.

New!!: Wheat and Fusarium ear blight · See more »

Futures contract

In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a standardized forward contract, a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.

New!!: Wheat and Futures contract · See more »

Genetically modified crops

Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.

New!!: Wheat and Genetically modified crops · See more »


Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.

New!!: Wheat and Gluten · See more »

Gluten-free diet

A gluten-free diet (GFD) is a diet that strictly excludes gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat, and all their species and hybrids (such as spelt, kamut, and triticale).

New!!: Wheat and Gluten-free diet · See more »

Gluten-related disorders

Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.

New!!: Wheat and Gluten-related disorders · See more »


A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

New!!: Wheat and Grain · See more »


Gravy is a sauce often made from the juices of meats that run naturally during cooking and thickened with wheat flour or cornstarch for added texture.

New!!: Wheat and Gravy · See more »

Green Revolution

The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.

New!!: Wheat and Green Revolution · See more »

Groat (grain)

Groats (or in some cases, "berries") are the hulled kernels of various cereal grains such as oat, wheat, rye, and barley.

New!!: Wheat and Groat (grain) · See more »

Growing season

The growing season is the part of the year during which local weather conditions (i.e. rainfall and temperature) permit normal plant growth.

New!!: Wheat and Growing season · See more »

Guns, Germs, and Steel

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years) is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

New!!: Wheat and Guns, Germs, and Steel · See more »

Haber process

The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.

New!!: Wheat and Haber process · See more »

Haworth Press

Haworth Press was a publisher of scholarly, academic and trade books, and approximately 200 peer-reviewed academic journals.

New!!: Wheat and Haworth Press · See more »

Health claim

Health claims on food labels and in food marketing are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition.

New!!: Wheat and Health claim · See more »


The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.

New!!: Wheat and Hectare · See more »


Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.

New!!: Wheat and Herbicide · See more »


Heterosis, hybrid vigor, or outbreeding enhancement, is the improved or increased function of any biological quality in a hybrid offspring.

New!!: Wheat and Heterosis · See more »

Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

New!!: Wheat and Hybrid (biology) · See more »


India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Wheat and India · See more »

Integrated Taxonomic Information System

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is an American partnership of federal agencies designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species.

New!!: Wheat and Integrated Taxonomic Information System · See more »

Iraq ed-Dubb

Iraq ed-Dubb, or the Cave of the Bear, is an early Neolithic archeological site northwest of Ajlun in the Jordan Valley, in modern-day Jordan.

New!!: Wheat and Iraq ed-Dubb · See more »


Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

New!!: Wheat and Iron · See more »


Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.

New!!: Wheat and Isotope · See more »

Jared Diamond

Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).

New!!: Wheat and Jared Diamond · See more »

Kansas City Board of Trade

The Kansas City Board of Trade (KCBT), was an American commodity futures and options exchange regulated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

New!!: Wheat and Kansas City Board of Trade · See more »

Karaca Dağ

Karaca (Qerejdax) is a shield volcano located in eastern Turkey.

New!!: Wheat and Karaca Dağ · See more »

Khorasan wheat

Khorasan wheat or Oriental wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. turanicum also called Triticum turanicum), commercially known as kamut, is a tetraploid wheat species.

New!!: Wheat and Khorasan wheat · See more »


A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.

New!!: Wheat and Landrace · See more »


A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.

New!!: Wheat and Larva · See more »

Least Developed Countries

The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

New!!: Wheat and Least Developed Countries · See more »


A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).

New!!: Wheat and Legume · See more »


Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans).

New!!: Wheat and Lepidoptera · See more »


The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.

New!!: Wheat and Levant · See more »

Long-tailed widowbird

The long-tailed widowbird (Euplectes progne), also known as the "Sakabula", is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae.

New!!: Wheat and Long-tailed widowbird · See more »

Loose smut

Loose smut of barley is caused by Ustilago nuda.

New!!: Wheat and Loose smut · See more »


Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.

New!!: Wheat and Lutein · See more »


Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Wheat and Lysine · See more »


Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

New!!: Wheat and Maize · See more »


Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting".

New!!: Wheat and Malt · See more »


Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.

New!!: Wheat and Manganese · See more »

Mendelian inheritance

Mendelian inheritance is a type of biological inheritance that follows the laws originally proposed by Gregor Mendel in 1865 and 1866 and re-discovered in 1900.

New!!: Wheat and Mendelian inheritance · See more »


The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

New!!: Wheat and Mennonites · See more »

Mineral (nutrient)

In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.

New!!: Wheat and Mineral (nutrient) · See more »

Minneapolis Grain Exchange

The Minneapolis Grain Exchange (MGEX) was formed in 1881 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, as a regional cash marketplace to promote fair trade and to prevent trade abuses in wheat, oats and corn.

New!!: Wheat and Minneapolis Grain Exchange · See more »

Molecular Biology and Evolution

Molecular Biology and Evolution is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

New!!: Wheat and Molecular Biology and Evolution · See more »


Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera.

New!!: Wheat and Moth · See more »

Mount Hermon

Mount Hermon (جبل الشيخ or جبل حرمون / ALA-LC: Jabal al-Shaykh ("Mountain of the Sheikh") or Jabal Haramun; הר חרמון, Har Hermon) is a mountain cluster constituting the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range.

New!!: Wheat and Mount Hermon · See more »


Muesli; Swiss German: Müesli, non-Swiss Standard German: Müsli) is a breakfast and brunch dish based on raw rolled oats and other ingredients like grains, fresh or dried fruits, seeds and nuts, that may be mixed with cow's milk, soy milk, almond milk, other plant milks, yogurt, or fruit juice. Developed around 1900 by Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner for patients in his hospital, muesli is available ready-made in a packaged dry form, or it can be made fresh. In Switzerland and Germany, it is also eaten as a light evening dish called Birchermüesli complet, or muesli with butterbrot and coffee with milk.

New!!: Wheat and Muesli · See more »


A muffin is an individual-sized, baked product.

New!!: Wheat and Muffin · See more »

Mutation breeding

Mutation breeding, sometimes referred to as "variation breeding", is the process of exposing seeds to chemicals or radiation in order to generate mutants with desirable traits to be bred with other cultivars.

New!!: Wheat and Mutation breeding · See more »

Mycosphaerella graminicola

Mycosphaerella graminicola.

New!!: Wheat and Mycosphaerella graminicola · See more »

National Institute of Agricultural Botany

The National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB) is a plant science research company based in Cambridge, UK.

New!!: Wheat and National Institute of Agricultural Botany · See more »


The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

New!!: Wheat and Neolithic · See more »


Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.

New!!: Wheat and Niacin · See more »

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity is defined as "a clinical entity induced by the ingestion of gluten leading to intestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms that improve once the gluten-containing foodstuff is removed from the diet, and celiac disease and wheat allergy have been excluded".

New!!: Wheat and Non-celiac gluten sensitivity · See more »

Norin 10 wheat

is a semi-dwarf wheat cultivar with very large ears that was bred by Gonjiro Inazuka at an experimental station in Iwate Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Wheat and Norin 10 wheat · See more »

Norman Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug (March 25, 1914September 12, 2009) was an American agronomist and humanitarian who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution.

New!!: Wheat and Norman Borlaug · See more »


A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.

New!!: Wheat and Nutrient · See more »


The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).

New!!: Wheat and Oat · See more »


Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Wheat and Pakistan · See more »


A pancake (or hotcake, griddlecake, or flapjack) is a flat cake, often thin and round, prepared from a starch-based batter that may contain eggs, milk and butter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or frying pan, often frying with oil or butter.

New!!: Wheat and Pancake · See more »


Pasta is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine, with the first reference dating to 1154 in Sicily.

New!!: Wheat and Pasta · See more »


Pastry is a dough of flour, water and shortening (solid fats, including butter) that may be savoury or sweetened.

New!!: Wheat and Pastry · See more »

Phaeosphaeria nodorum

Phaeosphaeria nodorum (synonym and correct taxonomic name: Parastagonospora nodorum) is a major fungal pathogen of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and a member of the Dothideomycetes, a large fungal taxon that includes many important plant pathogens affecting all major crop plant families.

New!!: Wheat and Phaeosphaeria nodorum · See more »


Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

New!!: Wheat and Phosphorus · See more »


A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients.

New!!: Wheat and Pie · See more »

Plant breeding

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.

New!!: Wheat and Plant breeding · See more »

Plant hormone

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.

New!!: Wheat and Plant hormone · See more »


Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.

New!!: Wheat and Ploidy · See more »


PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.

New!!: Wheat and PLOS One · See more »


Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.

New!!: Wheat and Poaceae · See more »


Polyploid cells and organisms are those containing more than two paired (homologous) sets of chromosomes.

New!!: Wheat and Polyploid · See more »


Porridge (also historically spelled porage, porrige, parritch) is a food commonly eaten as a breakfast cereal dish, made by boiling ground, crushed or chopped starchy plants—typically grain—in water or milk.

New!!: Wheat and Porridge · See more »

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.

New!!: Wheat and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · See more »


Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Wheat and Protein · See more »

Protein (nutrient)

Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body.

New!!: Wheat and Protein (nutrient) · See more »

Protein quality

Protein quality is the digestibility and quantity of essential amino acids for providing the proteins in correct ratios for human consumption.

New!!: Wheat and Protein quality · See more »


The Punjab, also spelled Panjab (land of "five rivers"; Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi); Πενταποταμία, Pentapotamia) is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.

New!!: Wheat and Punjab · See more »

Purdue University

Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the flagship campus of the Purdue University system.

New!!: Wheat and Purdue University · See more »

Pyrenophora tritici-repentis

Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (telomorph) and Drechslera tritici-repentis (anamorph) is a necrotrophic plant pathogen of fungal origin, phylum Ascomycota.

New!!: Wheat and Pyrenophora tritici-repentis · See more »


Rachis is a biological term for a main axis or "shaft" (from the Greek ράχις, backbone, spine).

New!!: Wheat and Rachis · See more »

Reference Daily Intake

The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.

New!!: Wheat and Reference Daily Intake · See more »

Root rot

Root rot is a condition found in both indoor and outdoor plants, although more common in indoor plants with poor drainage.

New!!: Wheat and Root rot · See more »


Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.

New!!: Wheat and Rye · See more »


A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

New!!: Wheat and Seed · See more »

Seed drill

A seed drill is a device that sows the seeds for crops by metering out the individual seeds, positioning them in the soil, and covering them to a certain average depth.

New!!: Wheat and Seed drill · See more »


Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in gymnosperms).

New!!: Wheat and Self-pollination · See more »


Semolina is the coarse, purified wheat middlings of durum wheat mainly used in making pasta and couscous.

New!!: Wheat and Semolina · See more »

Setaceous Hebrew character

The setaceous Hebrew character (Xestia c-nigrum) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Wheat and Setaceous Hebrew character · See more »

Shattering (agriculture)

In agriculture, shattering is the dispersal of a crop's seeds upon their becoming ripe.

New!!: Wheat and Shattering (agriculture) · See more »


Spelt (Triticum spelta; Triticum dicoccum), also known as dinkel wheat or hulled wheat, is a species of wheat cultivated since approximately 5000 BC.

New!!: Wheat and Spelt · See more »

Spot blotch (wheat)

Spot blotch is a leaf disease of wheat caused by Cochliobolus sativus.

New!!: Wheat and Spot blotch (wheat) · See more »


Stagonospora is a genus of fungi clustering in the Phaeosphaeriaceae (Quaedvlieg).

New!!: Wheat and Stagonospora · See more »

Staple food

A staple food, or simply a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

New!!: Wheat and Staple food · See more »

Stem rust

The stem, black, and cereal rusts are caused by the fungus Puccinia graminis and are a significant disease affecting cereal crops.

New!!: Wheat and Stem rust · See more »


In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomata (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange.

New!!: Wheat and Stoma · See more »


Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

New!!: Wheat and Syria · See more »


Take-all is a plant disease affecting the roots of grass and cereal plants in temperate climates caused by the fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici.

New!!: Wheat and Take-all · See more »

Taxonomy of wheat

During 10,000 years of cultivation, numerous forms of wheat, many of them hybrids, have developed under a combination of artificial and natural selection.

New!!: Wheat and Taxonomy of wheat · See more »

Tell Abu Hureyra

Tell Abu Hureyra (تل أبو هريرة) is an archaeological site in the Euphrates valley in modern Syria.

New!!: Wheat and Tell Abu Hureyra · See more »

Tell Aswad

Tell Aswad (تل أسود, "Black hill"), Su-uk-su or Shuksa, is a large prehistoric, neolithic tell, about in size, located around from Damascus in Syria, on a tributary of the Barada River at the eastern end of the village of Jdeidet el Khass.

New!!: Wheat and Tell Aswad · See more »

Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

New!!: Wheat and Temperate climate · See more »


The ton is a unit of measure.

New!!: Wheat and Ton · See more »


The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

New!!: Wheat and Tonne · See more »


A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.

New!!: Wheat and Tractor · See more »


Transpiration is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation from aerial parts, such as leaves, stems and flowers.

New!!: Wheat and Transpiration · See more »

Triticum aethiopicum

Triticum aethiopicum, commonly known as Ethiopian wheat, is a variety of wheat closely related to Triticum durum.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum aethiopicum · See more »

Triticum araraticum

Triticum araraticum (Araratian wild emmer or Armenian wild emmer) is a wild tetraploid species of wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum araraticum · See more »

Triticum carthlicum

Triticum carthlicum Nevski, 1934, the Persian wheat, is a tetraploid wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum carthlicum · See more »

Triticum compactum

Triticum compactum or club wheat is a species of wheat adapted to low-humidity growing conditions.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum compactum · See more »

Triticum polonicum

Triticum polonicum, also known as the Polish wheat, is an ordinary variant of wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum polonicum · See more »

Triticum timopheevii

Triticum timopheevii, Timopheev's wheat or Zanduri wheat, is a tetraploid wheat that has both cultivated and wild forms.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum timopheevii · See more »

Triticum urartu

Triticum urartu, also known as red wild einkorn wheat, is a grass species related to wheat, and native to western Asia.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum urartu · See more »

Triticum zhukovskyi

Triticum zhukovskyi, or Zhukovsky's wheat, is a hexaploid wheat, very closely resembling the Triticum timopheevii, a tetraploid variety of wheat.

New!!: Wheat and Triticum zhukovskyi · See more »

Turnip moth

The turnip moth (Agrotis segetum) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.

New!!: Wheat and Turnip moth · See more »


Ug99 is a lineage of wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici), which is present in wheat fields in several countries in Africa and the Middle East and is predicted to spread rapidly through these regions and possibly further afield, potentially causing a wheat production disaster that would affect food security worldwide.

New!!: Wheat and Ug99 · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Wheat and United States · See more »


A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Wheat and Virus · See more »


Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when undergoing deformation.

New!!: Wheat and Viscoelasticity · See more »


Vodka (wódka, водка) is a distilled beverage composed primarily of water and ethanol, but sometimes with traces of impurities and flavorings.

New!!: Wheat and Vodka · See more »

Western pattern diet

The Western pattern diet or Standard American Diet (SAD) is a modern dietary pattern that is generally characterized by high intakes of red and processed meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, potatoes, and high-sugar drinks.

New!!: Wheat and Western pattern diet · See more »


Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat · See more »

Wheat allergy

Wheat allergy is an allergy to wheat which typically presents itself as a food allergy, but can also be a contact allergy resulting from occupational exposure.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat allergy · See more »

Wheat berry

A wheat berry, or wheatberry, is a whole wheat kernel (except for the hull/husk), composed of the bran, germ, and endosperm.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat berry · See more »

Wheat flour

Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat flour · See more »

Wheat germ oil

Wheat germ oil is extracted from the germ of the wheat kernel, which makes up only 2.5% by weight of the kernel Wheat germ oil is particularly high in octacosanol - a 28-carbon long-chain saturated primary alcohol found in a number of different vegetable waxes.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat germ oil · See more »

Wheat leaf rust

Wheat leaf rust is a fungal disease that affects wheat, barley and rye stems, leaves and grains.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat leaf rust · See more »

Wheat middlings

Wheat middlings (also known as millfeed, wheat mill run, or wheat midds) are the product of the wheat milling process that is not flour.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat middlings · See more »

Wheat production in the United States

Wheat is produced in almost every state in the United States, and is the principal cereal grain grown in the country.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat production in the United States · See more »

Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus

Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus (WSSMV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Potyviridae.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat spindle streak mosaic virus · See more »

Wheat yellow rust

Wheat yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici), also known as stripe rust, is one of the three wheat rust diseases principally found in wheat grown in cooler environments.

New!!: Wheat and Wheat yellow rust · See more »

Whole grain

A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.

New!!: Wheat and Whole grain · See more »

Whole-wheat flour

Whole-wheat flour (in the US) or wholemeal flour (in the UK) is a powdery substance, a basic food ingredient, derived by grinding or mashing the whole grain of wheat, also known as the wheatberry.

New!!: Wheat and Whole-wheat flour · See more »

Willem van Zeist

Willem van Zeist (March 12, 1924 – October 7, 2016) was a Dutch archaeobotanist and palynologist.

New!!: Wheat and Willem van Zeist · See more »

Winter wheat

Winter wheat (usually Triticum aestivum) are strains of wheat that are planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that remain in the vegetative phase during the winter and resume growth in early spring.

New!!: Wheat and Winter wheat · See more »

21st century

The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era or Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.

New!!: Wheat and 21st century · See more »

Redirects here:

ATC code A06AC07, ATCvet code QA06AC07, Cracked wheat, Domestication of wheat, Dwarf wheat, Triticum, Triticum (genus), Triticum sphaerococcum, Triticum spp., Wheat grain, Wheat grains, Wheats.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheat

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »