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Whisky

Index Whisky

Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash. [1]

195 relations: Acetal, Acetaldehyde, Acts of Union 1707, Aeneas Coffey, Aging (food), Alcohol by volume, Alcohol monopoly, Alcohol proof, Alexandria, Alko, American Revolution, American whiskey, Amrut (whisky), Amrut Distilleries, Anglicisation, Annals of Clonmacnoise, Annals of Connacht, Aqua vitae, Azeotrope, Babylonia, Barley, Barrel, Benjamin Prichard's Tennessee Whiskey, Blended malt whisky, Blended whiskey, Bourbon whiskey, Brandy, Brecon Beacons, Brittany, Buckwheat whisky, Burns supper, Business Standard, Campbeltown single malts, Canadian Club, Canadian whisky, Caramel, Caramel color, Carbonyl group, Carboxylic acid, Cask strength, Caucasus, Charcoal, Chill filtering, Cis-3-Methyl-4-octanolide, Coconut, Cognac, Colic, Collier and McKeel, Color, Column still, ..., Concentration, Congener (alcohol), Cooley Distillery, Copper, Corn whiskey, Coumarin, Crown Royal, Dagestan, Destilerías y Crianza del Whisky S.A., Diacetyl, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Distillation, Dundee, Ester, Ethanol, Evaporation, Extraction (chemistry), Fatty acid, Fermentation in food processing, Filtration, Flavor, Friesland, Frysk Hynder, Fusel alcohol, George Dickel, George Washington, Glenfiddich, Goidelic languages, Grain, Grain whisky, Gravel, Gravity, Gross value added, Henry VIII of England, Heterocyclic compound, High-performance liquid chromatography, Hindustan Times, India, International Space Station, Irish language, Irish whiskey, Islay, Islay whisky, Isle of Man, J.P. Wiser's Whisky, Jack Daniel's, James IV of Scotland, Jim Murray (whisky writer), Kasauli, Kavalan Distillery, Kizlyar, Lactone, Latin, Leith, Lincoln County Process, Linen, Liquor, List of Quercus species, List of whisky brands, Lowland single malts, Mackmyra Whisky, Mail & Guardian, Maize, Maker's Mark, Malt, Malt whisky, Manx Spirit, Mashing, Mesopotamia, Molasses, Monastery, Moonshine, Mount Vernon, North American Free Trade Agreement, Northern Ireland, Oak, Old Bushmills Distillery, Old Forester, Old Irish, Orbit, Peat, Penderyn (whisky), Phenols, Phylloxera, Picoline, Poitín, Port wine, Pot still, Press Trust of India, Prohibition, Prohibition in the United States, Pyrazine, Pyridine, Quercus robur, Ramon Llull, Rectified spirit, Redox, Routledge, Rum, Rum-running, Rye, Rye malt whiskey, Rye whiskey, Saint David's Day, Sand, Scopoletin, Scotch whisky, Scotch Whisky Association, Scottish Gaelic, Seagram, Sherry, Shimla, Single barrel whiskey, Single malt whisky, Single pot still whiskey, Smallpox, Solan, South Africa, Speyside single malt, Springer Science+Business Media, Stauning Whisky, Stavropol, Still, Straight whiskey, Strathspey, Scotland, Sulfur, Summer capital, Syringaldehyde, Taiwan, Tannin, Tax collector, Tennessee whiskey, Terpene, The Economic Times, Tourism, Toxicity, Vanillic acid, Vanillin, Vodka, Walgreens, Wheat, Wheat whiskey, Whiskey Rebellion, 1,1-Diethoxyethane, 2nd millennium BC. Expand index (145 more) »

Acetal

An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.

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Acetaldehyde

Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.

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Acts of Union 1707

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.

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Aeneas Coffey

Aeneas Coffey (1780–1839) was an Irish inventor and distiller.

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Aging (food)

Aging (American English) or ageing (British English), in the context of food or beverages, is the leaving of a product over an extended period of time (often months or years) to aid in improving the flavor of the product.

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Alcohol by volume

Alcohol by volume (abbreviated as ABV, abv, or alc/vol) is a standard measure of how much alcohol (ethanol) is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage (expressed as a volume percent).

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Alcohol monopoly

An alcohol monopoly is a government monopoly on manufacturing and/or retailing of some or all alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine and spirits.

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Alcohol proof

Alcohol proof is a measure of the content of ethanol (alcohol) in an alcoholic beverage.

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Alexandria

Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

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Alko

Alko is the national alcoholic beverage retailing monopoly in Finland.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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American whiskey

American whiskey is a distilled beverage produced in the United States from a fermented mash of cereal grain.

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Amrut (whisky)

Amrut is a brand of Indian single malt whisky, manufactured by Amrut Distilleries, and launched on 24 August 2004 in Glasgow, Scotland.

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Amrut Distilleries

Amrut Distilleries Ltd is an Indian company that produces distilled beverages.

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Anglicisation

Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.

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Annals of Clonmacnoise

The Annals of Clonmacnoise are an early 17th-century Early Modern English translation of a lost Irish chronicle, which covered events in Ireland from pre-history to AD 1408.

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Annals of Connacht

The Annals of Connacht, covering the years 1224 to 1544, are drawn from a manuscript compiled in the 15th and 16th centuries by at least three scribes, all believed to be members of the Clan Ó Duibhgeannáin.

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Aqua vitae

Aqua vitae (Latin for "water of life") or aqua vita is an archaic name for a concentrated aqueous solution of ethanol.

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Azeotrope

An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.

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Babylonia

Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

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Barley

Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

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Barrel

A barrel, cask, or tun is a hollow cylindrical container, traditionally made of wooden staves bound by wooden or metal hoops.

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Benjamin Prichard's Tennessee Whiskey

Benjamin Prichard's Tennessee Whiskey is a brand of Tennessee whiskey produced in the small community of Kelso, Tennessee.

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Blended malt whisky

A blended malt, formerly called a vatted malt, or pure malt, is a blend of different single malt whiskies from different distilleries.

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Blended whiskey

A blended whiskey (or blended whisky) is the product of blending different types of whiskeys and sometimes also neutral grain spirits, coloring, and flavorings.

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Bourbon whiskey

Bourbon whiskey is a type of American whiskey, a barrel-aged distilled spirit made primarily from corn.

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Brandy

Brandy is a spirit produced by distilling wine.

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Brecon Beacons

The Brecon Beacons (Bannau Brycheiniog) is a mountain range in South Wales. In a narrow sense, the name refers to the range of Old Red Sandstone peaks which lie to the south of Brecon. Sometimes referred to as "the central Beacons" they include South Wales' highest mountain, Pen y Fan. The range forms the central section of the Brecon Beacons National Park (Parc Cenedlaethol Bannau Brycheiniog), a designation which also encompasses ranges both to the east and the west of "the central Beacons". This much wider area is also commonly referred to as "the Brecon Beacons", and it includes the Black Mountains to the east as well as the similarly named but quite distinct Black Mountain to the west. The highest peaks include Fan Brycheiniog to the west and Pen y Fan in the central part. They share the same basic geology as the central range, and so exhibit many similar features, such as the north-facing escarpment and glacial features such as lakes and cwms (cirques) below the escarpment. They all fall within the border of the national park.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Buckwheat whisky

Buckwheat whisky is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage produced entirely or principally from buckwheat.

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Burns supper

A Burns supper is a celebration of the life and poetry of the poet Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), the author of many Scots poems.

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Business Standard

Business Standard is the third largest Indian English-language daily newspaper published by Business Standard Ltd (BSL) in two languages, English and Hindi.

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Campbeltown single malts

Campbeltown single malts are single malt Scotch whiskies distilled in the burgh of Campbeltown, on the Kintyre peninsula in Scotland.

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Canadian Club

Canadian Club is a brand of Canadian whisky produced by Beam Suntory.

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Canadian whisky

Canadian whisky is a type of whisky produced in Canada.

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Caramel

Caramel is a medium- to dark-orange confectionery product made by heating a variety of sugars.

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Caramel color

Caramel color or caramel coloring is a water-soluble food coloring.

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Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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Cask strength

Cask strength (also known as barrel proof) is a term used in whisky-making to describe the level of alcohol-by-volume (abv) strength that is used for a whisky during its storage in a cask for maturation – typically in the range of 60–65% abv.

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Caucasus

The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

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Charcoal

Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.

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Chill filtering

Chill filtering is a method in whisky making for removing residue.

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Cis-3-Methyl-4-octanolide

cis-3-Methyl-4-octanolide, also called cis-β-methyl-γ-octalactone or 5-butyldihydro-4-methylfuran-2(3H)-one, is a chemical compound of the lactone family with formula.

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Coconut

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.

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Cognac

Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the town of Cognac, France.

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Colic

Colic or cholic (pronounced,, from Greek κολικός kolikos, "relative to the colon") is a form of pain that starts and stops abruptly.

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Collier and McKeel

Collier and McKeel is a brand of Tennessee whiskey produced in Nashville.

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Color

Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.

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Column still

A column still, also called a continuous still, patent still or Coffey still, is a variety of still consisting of two columns.

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Concentration

In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.

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Congener (alcohol)

In the alcoholic beverages industry, congeners are substances, other than the desired type of alcohol, ethanol, produced during fermentation.

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Cooley Distillery

Cooley Distillery is an Irish whiskey distillery, located on the Cooley Peninsula in County Louth, Ireland, converted in 1987 from an older potato alcohol plant by John Teeling.

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Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Corn whiskey

Corn whiskey (sometimes called corn liquor or white lightning) is an American liquor made from a mash of at least 80 percent corn and distilled to a maximum strength of 160 proof (80% alcohol by volume).

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Coumarin

Coumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) is a fragrant organic chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, although it may also be seen as a subclass of lactones.

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Crown Royal

Crown Royal is a blended Canadian whisky owned by Diageo, which purchased the brand when the Seagram portfolio was dissolved in 2000.

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Dagestan

The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.

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Destilerías y Crianza del Whisky S.A.

Destilerías y Crianza del Whisky S.A. (or Whisky DYC) is a Spanish company formed by businessman Nicomedes García Gómez in 1958.

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Diacetyl

Diacetyl (IUPAC systematic name: butanedione or butane-2,3-dione) is an organic compound with the chemical formula (CH3CO)2.

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Dissolution of the Monasteries

The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.

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Distillation

Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.

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Dundee

Dundee (Dùn Dè) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.

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Ester

In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

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Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Evaporation

Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.

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Extraction (chemistry)

Extraction in chemistry is a separation process consisting in the separation of a substance from a matrix.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Fermentation in food processing

Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.

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Filtration

Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.

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Flavor

Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.

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Friesland

Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.

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Frysk Hynder

Frysk Hynder Single Malt is a Dutch single malt whisky, distilled and bottled in the Frisian Us Heit Distillery.

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Fusel alcohol

Fusel alcohols or fuselol, also sometimes called fusel oils in Europe, are mixtures of several alcohols (chiefly amyl alcohol) produced as a by-product of alcoholic fermentation.

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George Dickel

George Dickel is a brand of Tennessee whiskey owned by Diageo PLC produced in Cascade Hollow, Tennessee.

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George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.

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Glenfiddich

Glenfiddich is a Speyside single malt Scotch whisky owned and produced by William Grant & Sons in Dufftown, Scotland.

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Goidelic languages

The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.

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Grain

A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

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Grain whisky

Grain whisky ordinarily refers to any whisky made, at least in part, from grains other than malted barley, such as whisky made using maize (corn), wheat or rye.

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Gravel

Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.

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Gravity

Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.

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Gross value added

In economics, gross value added (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.

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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.

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Heterocyclic compound

A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).

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High-performance liquid chromatography

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture.

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Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

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Irish language

The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

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Irish whiskey

Irish whiskey (Fuisce or uisce beatha) is whiskey made on the island of Ireland.

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Islay

Islay (Ìle) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.

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Islay whisky

Islay whisky is Scotch whisky made on Islay or Ìle in Gaelic, one of the southernmost of the Inner Hebridean Islands located off the west coast of Scotland.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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J.P. Wiser's Whisky

J.P. Wiser's Whisky is Canada's oldest continuously produced Canadian whisky.

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Jack Daniel's

Jack Daniel's is a brand of Tennessee whiskey and the top-selling American whiskey in the world.

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James IV of Scotland

James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death.

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Jim Murray (whisky writer)

Jim Murray (born 13 November 1957) is an English writer journalist, and a well known whisky critic.

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Kasauli

Kasauli (कसौली) is a cantonment and town, located in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

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Kavalan Distillery

Kavalan Distillery is a Taiwanese whisky distillery.

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Kizlyar

Kizlyar (Кизля́р) is a town in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the border with the Chechen Republic in the delta of the Terek River northwest of Makhachkala, the capital of the republic.

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Lactone

Lactones are cyclic esters of hydroxycarboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leith

Leith (Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.

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Lincoln County Process

The Lincoln County Process is a step used in producing almost all Tennessee whiskeys.

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Linen

Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

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Liquor

Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, or spirits) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation.

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List of Quercus species

The genus ''Quercus'' (oak) contains about 600 species,David J. Mabberley.

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List of whisky brands

This is a list of whisky brands arranged by country of origin and style.

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Lowland single malts

Lowland single malts are single malt whiskies distilled in Scotland's lowlands.

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Mackmyra Whisky

Mackmyra Whisky is a Swedish single malt whisky distillery.

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Mail & Guardian

The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Maker's Mark

Maker's Mark is a small-batch bourbon whiskey produced in Loretto, Kentucky, by Beam Suntory.

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Malt

Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting".

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Malt whisky

Malt whisky is whisky that is made from a fermented mash consisting primarily of malted barley.

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Manx Spirit

ManX Spirit is a clear spirit, 40% alcohol by volume which is distilled by Kella Distillers Ltd in a small distillery in Sulby, Isle of Man.

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Mashing

In brewing and distilling, mashing is the process of combining a mix of grain (typically malted barley with supplementary grains such as corn, sorghum, rye, or wheat), known as the "grain bill", and water, known as "liquor", and heating this mixture.

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Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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Molasses

Molasses, or black treacle (British, for human consumption; known as molasses otherwise), is a viscous product resulting from refining sugarcane or sugar beets into sugar.

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Monastery

A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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Moonshine

Moonshine was originally a slang term for high-proof distilled spirits usually produced illicitly, without government authorization.

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Mount Vernon

Mount Vernon was the plantation house of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Dandridge Custis Washington.

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North American Free Trade Agreement

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

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Oak

An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.

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Old Bushmills Distillery

The Old Bushmills Distillery is a distillery in Bushmills, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

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Old Forester

Old Forester is a brand of Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey produced by the Brown-Forman Corporation.

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Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

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Orbit

In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

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Peat

Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.

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Penderyn (whisky)

Penderyn is a Welsh whisky distillery and brand, producing the first commercially available whisky made in Wales since the 19th century.

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Phenols

In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.

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Phylloxera

Grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch 1855); family Phylloxeridae, within the order Hemiptera, bugs); originally described in France as Phylloxera vastatrix; equated to the previously described Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, Phylloxera vitifoliae; commonly just called phylloxera (from φύλλον, leaf, and ξηρός, dry) is a pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America.

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Picoline

Picoline refers to three different methylpyridine isomers, all with the chemical formula C6H7N and a molar mass of 93.13 g mol−1.

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Poitín

Poitín, anglicized as potcheen, poteen or potheen, is a traditional Irish distilled beverage (40%–90% ABV).

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Port wine

Port wine (also known as vinho do Porto,, Porto, and usually simply port) is a Portuguese fortified wine produced exclusively in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.

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Pot still

A pot still is a type of distillation apparatus or still used to distill alcoholic spirits such as whisky or cognac.

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Press Trust of India

Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.

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Prohibition

Prohibition is the illegality of the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages, or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced.

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Prohibition in the United States

Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.

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Pyrazine

Pyrazine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C4H4N2.

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Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

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Quercus robur

Quercus robur, commonly known as common oak, pedunculate oak, European oak or English oak, is a species of flowering plant in the beech and oak family, Fagaceae.

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Ramon Llull

Ramon Llull, T.O.S.F. (c. 1232 – c. 1315; Anglicised Raymond Lully, Raymond Lull; in Latin Raimundus or Raymundus Lullus or Lullius) was a philosopher, logician, Franciscan tertiary and Spanish writer.

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Rectified spirit

Rectified spirit, also known as neutral spirits, rectified alcohol, or ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin is highly concentrated ethanol which has been purified by means of repeated distillation, a process that is called rectification.

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Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Routledge

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Rum

Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses or honeys, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.

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Rum-running

Rum-running, or bootlegging, is the illegal business of transporting (smuggling) alcoholic beverages where such transportation is forbidden by law.

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Rye

Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.

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Rye malt whiskey

Rye malt whiskey, under US regulations, is a whiskey produced via a mash primarily consisting of malted rye.

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Rye whiskey

Rye whiskey can refer to either of two, different, but related, types of whiskey.

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Saint David's Day

Saint David's Day (Dydd Gŵyl Dewi) is the feast day of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales, and falls on 1 March, the date of Saint David's death in 589 AD.

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Sand

Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.

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Scopoletin

Scopoletin is a coumarin.

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Scotch whisky

Scotch whisky (often simply called Scotch) is malt whisky or grain whisky made in Scotland.

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Scotch Whisky Association

The Scotch Whisky Association (SWA) is a trade organisation that represents the Scotch whisky industry.

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Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.

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Seagram

Seagram Company Ltd. (formerly traded as Seagram's) was a Canadian multinational conglomerate formerly headquartered in Montreal, Quebec.

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Sherry

Sherry (Jerez or) is a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the city of Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain.

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Shimla

Shimla, also known as Simla, is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

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Single barrel whiskey

Single barrel whisky (or single cask whisky) is a premium class of whisky in which each bottle comes from an individual aging barrel, instead of being created by blending together the contents of various barrels to provide uniformity of color and taste.

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Single malt whisky

Single malt whisky is malt whisky from a single distillery, that is, whisky distilled from a fermented mash made with malted barley, as distinguished from unmalted grain.

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Single pot still whiskey

Single pot still whiskey is a style of Irish whiskey made by a single distillery from a mixed mash of malted and unmalted barley distilled in a pot still.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Solan

Solan is the district headquarters of Solan district (created on 1 September 1972) in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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Speyside single malt

Speyside single malts are single malt Scotch whiskies, distilled in Strathspey, the area around the River Spey in Moray and Badenoch and Strathspey, in northeastern Scotland.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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Stauning Whisky

Stauning Whisky is a whisky distillery in Denmark.

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Stavropol

Stavropol (p) is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai, Russia.

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Still

A still is an apparatus used to distill liquid mixtures by heating to selectively boil and then cooling to condense the vapor.

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Straight whiskey

Straight whiskey (or straight whisky), as defined in United States law, is whiskey created by distilling a fermented (malted or unmalted) cereal grain mash to create a spirit not exceeding 80% alcohol content by volume (abv) and then aging the spirit for at least two years at an abv concentration not exceeding 62.5% at the start of the aging process.

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Strathspey, Scotland

Strathspey (Scottish Gaelic, Srath Spè) is the area around the strath of the River Spey, Scotland, in both the Moray council area and the Badenoch and Strathspey committee area of Highland.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Summer capital

A summer capital is a city used as an administrative capital during extended periods of particularly hot summer weather.

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Syringaldehyde

Syringaldehyde is an organic compound that occurs in trace amounts widely in nature.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Tannin

Tannins (or tannoids) are a class of astringent, polyphenolic biomolecules that bind to and precipitate proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.

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Tax collector

A tax collector or a taxman is a person who collects unpaid taxes from other people or corporations.

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Tennessee whiskey

Tennessee whiskey is straight whiskey produced in Tennessee.

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Terpene

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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The Economic Times

The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Toxicity

Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

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Vanillic acid

Vanillic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid) is a dihydroxybenzoic acid derivative used as a flavoring agent.

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Vanillin

Vanillin is a phenolic aldehyde, which is an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3.

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Vodka

Vodka (wódka, водка) is a distilled beverage composed primarily of water and ethanol, but sometimes with traces of impurities and flavorings.

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Walgreens

The Walgreen Company (or simply Walgreens) is an American company that operates as the second-largest pharmacy store chain in the United States behind CVS Health.

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Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

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Wheat whiskey

Wheat whiskey is a style of whiskey defined by having a grain bill which consists primarily of wheat.

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Whiskey Rebellion

The Whiskey Rebellion (also known as the Whiskey Insurrection) was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington.

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1,1-Diethoxyethane

1,1-Diethoxyethane (acetaldehyde diethyl acetal) is a major flavoring component of distilled beverages, especially malt whisky and sherry.

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2nd millennium BC

The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whisky

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