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Index Whistleblower

A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public. [1]

167 relations: Abuse, Accountability, Adrian Schoolcraft, Al Jazeera English, Altruism, American Civil War, American Revolution, Anonymity, Anxiety, Ashgate Publishing, At-will employment, Benetech, Benjamin Franklin, Blacklisting, Brian Martin (social scientist), Chelsea Manning, Classified information, Clean Air Act (United States), Clean Water Act, Clinical Risk, Communication, Complaint system, Conflict of interest, Congressional Research Service, Consumer protection, Cornell University Press, Corruption, Council of States (Switzerland), David K. Colapinto, Demotion, Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Donald Trump, Ed Yong, Edward Snowden, Encryption, Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, Espionage Act of 1917, Ethics, European Court of Human Rights, Exploitation of labour, False Claims Act, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Flashback (psychology), Fraud, Freedom of speech, Freedom to Speak Up Review, Garcetti v. Ceballos, Garnishment, Gaslighting, Ghana, ..., GlobaLeaks, Governance, Government Accountability Project, Government of India, Greenwood Publishing Group, Guerrilla warfare, Harassment, Hutchinson Letters Affair, Informant, Intrusive thought, Ireland, ISO 37001, Isolation to facilitate abuse, Jamaica, John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Business Ethics, Kenya, Law, Law enforcement agency, Lawyer, Legal defense fund, List of nuclear whistleblowers, List of whistleblowers, Lloyd–La Follette Act, Lok Sabha, Martyr (politics), Mass media, Michael D. Kohn, Misplaced loyalty, Mobbing, Money laundering, Monitor (NHS), Moral, Moral responsibility, National Health Service, National Security Agency, National Whistleblower Appreciation Day, Nature (journal), New York City Police Department, New Zealand, Nigeria, Nightmare, Non-governmental organization, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational stress, Office of Public Sector Information, Organization, Organizational retaliatory behavior, Ostracism, Paranoia, Parliament of India, Political ethics, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Prima facie, Principle, Private sector, Public Concern at Work, Public good, Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998, Public sector, Public-key cryptography, Quentin Dempster, Qui tam, Ralph Nader, Regulation, Reprisal, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Rosemary O'Leary, Rwanda, Safe Drinking Water Act, Sarbanes–Oxley Act, SEC Office of the Whistleblower, SecureDrop, Seton Hall University, Shooting the messenger, Social undermining, South Africa, South Korea, Stephen M. Kohn, Stock market, Suicidal ideation, Superfund, Supergrass (informant), Supreme Court of the United States, Surface Transportation Assistance Act, Suspension (punishment), Swiss Code of Obligations, TechPresident, Termination of employment, The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy, Thomas Anton Kochan, Thrice, To Be Everywhere Is to Be Nowhere, Tor (anonymity network), Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976, TrumpiLeaks, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, United States Congress, United States Department of Justice, United States Department of Labor, United States federal civil service, United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines, University of Greenwich, Virtue ethics, Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century, Westview Press, Whistle, Whistleblower Office, Whistleblowers Australia, WikiLeaks, William Mitchell College of Law, Wired (magazine), Workplace bullying, 19th century. Expand index (117 more) »


Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of an entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit.

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In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.

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Adrian Schoolcraft

Adrian Schoolcraft (born 1976) is a former New York City Police Department (NYPD) officer who secretly recorded police conversations from 2008 to 2009.

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Al Jazeera English

Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international state-funded 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar.

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Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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Anonymity, adjective "anonymous", is derived from the Greek word ἀνωνυμία, anonymia, meaning "without a name" or "namelessness".

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Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.

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Ashgate Publishing

Ashgate Publishing was an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham (Surrey, United Kingdom).

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At-will employment

At-will employment is a term used in U.S. labor law for contractual relationships in which an employee can be dismissed by an employer for any reason (that is, without having to establish "just cause" for termination), and without warning, as long as the reason is not illegal (e.g. firing because of the employee's race or religion).

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Benetech was founded in 1989 by high technology entrepreneur Jim Fruchterman in Palo Alto, California.

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Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list.

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Brian Martin (social scientist)

Brian Martin (born 1947) is a social scientist in the School of Humanities and Social Inquiry, Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts, at the University of Wollongong in NSW, Australia.

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Chelsea Manning

Chelsea Elizabeth Manning (born Bradley Edward Manning, December 17, 1987) is an American activist, whistleblower, politician, and former United States Army soldier.

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Classified information

Classified information is material that a government body deems to be sensitive information that must be protected.

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Clean Air Act (United States)

The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C.) is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level.

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Clean Water Act

The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution.

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Clinical Risk

Clinical Risk is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering the field of clinical practice.

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Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.

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Complaint system

A complaint system (also known as a conflict management system, internal conflict management system, integrated conflict management system, or dispute system) is a set of procedures used in organizations to address complaints and resolve disputes.

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Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another.

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Congressional Research Service

The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.

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Consumer protection

In regulatory jurisdictions that provide for this (a list including most or all developed countries with free market economies) consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers, as well as fair trade, competition, and accurate information in the marketplace.

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Cornell University Press

The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.

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Corruption is a form of dishonesty undertaken by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit.

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Council of States (Switzerland)

The Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals Stadis) is the smaller chamber of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, and is considered the Assembly's upper house, with the National Council being the lower house.

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David K. Colapinto

David K. Colapinto is an attorney for Kohn, Kohn & Colapinto, a Washington, D.C., USA, law firm specializing in employment law.

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A demotion is a compulsory reduction in an employee's rank or job title within the organizational hierarchy of a company, public service department, or other body, unless there is no reduction in pay.

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Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act

The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (commonly referred to as Dodd–Frank) was signed into United States federal law by US President Barack Obama on July 21, 2010.

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Donald Trump

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.

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Ed Yong

Edmund Soon-Weng Yong (born 1981), commonly known as Ed Yong, is a British science journalist.

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Edward Snowden

Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.

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In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.

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Energy Reorganization Act of 1974

The Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (codified at 42 U.S.C.A. § 5801) is a United States federal law that established the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

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Espionage Act of 1917

The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years.

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Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.

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European Court of Human Rights

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.

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Exploitation of labour

Exploitation of labour is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.

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False Claims Act

The False Claims Act, also called the "Lincoln Law") is an American federal law that imposes liability on persons and companies (typically federal contractors) who defraud governmental programs. It is the federal Government's primary litigation tool in combating fraud against the Government. The law includes a qui tam provision that allows people who are not affiliated with the government, called "relators" under the law, to file actions on behalf of the government (informally called "whistleblowing" especially when the relator is employed by the organization accused in the suit). Persons filing under the Act stand to receive a portion (usually about 15–25 percent) of any recovered damages. As of 2012, over 70 percent of all federal Government FCA actions were initiated by whistleblowers. Claims under the law have typically involved health care, military, or other government spending programs, and dominate the list of largest pharmaceutical settlements. The government recovered $38.9 billion under the False Claims Act between 1987 and 2013 and of this amount, $27.2 billion or 70% was from qui tam cases brought by relators.

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First Amendment to the United States Constitution

The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.

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Flashback (psychology)

A flashback, or involuntary recurrent memory, is a psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually powerful, re-experiencing of a past experience or elements of a past experience.

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In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.

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Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.

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Freedom to Speak Up Review

The Freedom to Speak Up Review was a review into whistleblowing in the NHS in England.

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Garcetti v. Ceballos

Garcetti v. Ceballos, 547 U.S. 410 (2006), is a U.S. Supreme Court decision involving First Amendment free speech protections for government employees.

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Garnishment is an American legal process for collecting a monetary judgment on behalf of a plaintiff from a defendant.

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Gaslighting is a form of psychological manipulation that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or in members of a targeted group, making them question their own memory, perception, and sanity.

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Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

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GlobaLeaks is an open-source, free software intended to enable secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiatives.

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Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, a market or a network, over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.

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Government Accountability Project

The Government Accountability Project (GAP) is a whistleblower protection and advocacy organization in the United States.

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Government of India

The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.

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Greenwood Publishing Group

ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.

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Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

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Harassment covers a wide range of behaviors of an offensive nature.

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Hutchinson Letters Affair

The Hutchinson Letters Affair was an incident that increased tensions between the colonists of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and the British government prior to the American Revolution.

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An informant (also called an informer) is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency.

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Intrusive thought

An intrusive thought is an unwelcome involuntary thought, image, or unpleasant idea that may become an obsession, is upsetting or distressing, and can feel difficult to manage or eliminate.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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ISO 37001

ISO 37001 Anti-bribery management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use identifies a management standard to help organizations in the fight against corruption, by establishing a culture of integrity, transparency and compliance.

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Isolation to facilitate abuse

Isolation (physical, social or emotional) is often used to facilitate power and control over someone for an abusive purpose.

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Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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Journal of Business Ethics

The Journal of Business Ethics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering methodological and disciplinary aspects of ethical issues related to business, including systems of production, consumption, marketing, advertising, social and economic accounting, labor relations, public relations and organizational behavior.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

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Law enforcement agency

A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.

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A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.

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Legal defense fund

In the United States, a legal defense fund (or LDF) is an account set up to pay for legal expenses, which can include attorneys' fees, court filings, litigation costs, legal advice, or other legal fees.

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List of nuclear whistleblowers

There have been a number of nuclear whistleblowers, often nuclear engineers, who have identified safety concerns about nuclear power and nuclear weapons production.

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List of whistleblowers

This is a list of major whistleblowers from various countries.

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Lloyd–La Follette Act

The Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912 began the process of protecting civil servants in the United States from unwarranted or abusive removal by codifying "just cause" standards previously embodied in presidential orders.

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Lok Sabha

The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.

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Martyr (politics)

In politics, a martyr is someone who suffers persecution and/or death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a political belief or cause.

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Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

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Michael D. Kohn

Michael D. Kohn, a founding partner of the Washington, D.C. law firm Kohn, Kohn & Colapinto, is one of the top litigators specializing in whistleblower protection law.

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Misplaced loyalty

Misplaced loyalty (or mistaken loyalty, misguided loyalty or misplaced trust) is loyalty placed in other persons or organisations where that loyalty is not acknowledged or respected; is betrayed or taken advantage of.

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Mobbing, as a sociological term, means bullying of an individual by a group, in any context, such as a family, peer group, school, workplace, neighborhood, community, or online.

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Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

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Monitor (NHS)

Monitor has been a part of NHS Improvement since 1 April 2016.

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A moral (from Latin morālis) is a message that is conveyed or a lesson to be learned from a story or event.

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Moral responsibility

In philosophy, moral responsibility is the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one's moral obligations.

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National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.

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National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

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National Whistleblower Appreciation Day

National Whistleblower Appreciation Day is an annual recognition of whistleblowers whose actions have protected the American people from fraud or malfeasance.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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New York City Police Department

The City of New York Police Department, commonly known as the NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the five boroughs of New York City.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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A nightmare, also called a bad dream, Retrieved July 11, 2016.

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Non-governmental organization

Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.

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Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.

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Occupational stress

Occupational stress is stress related to one's job.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.

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Organizational retaliatory behavior

Organizational retaliatory behavior (ORB) is a form of workplace deviance.

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Ostracism (ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years.

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Paranoia is an instinct or thought process believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear, often to the point of delusion and irrationality.

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Parliament of India

The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.

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Political ethics

Political ethics (also known as political morality or public ethics) is the practice of making moral judgements about political action and political agents.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Prima facie

Prima facie is a Latin expression meaning on its first encounter or at first sight.

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A principle is a concept or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation.

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Private sector

The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.

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Public Concern at Work

Public Concern at Work (PCaW) is a whistleblowing charity.

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Public good

In economics, a public good is a good that is both non-excludable and non-rivalrous in that individuals cannot be effectively excluded from use and where use by one individual does not reduce availability to others.

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Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998

The Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 (c.23) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that protects whistleblowers from detrimental treatment by their employer.

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Public sector

The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.

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Public-key cryptography

Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.

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Quentin Dempster

Quentin Dempster is an Australian journalist and author.

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Qui tam

In common law, a writ of qui tam is a writ whereby a private individual who assists a prosecution can receive all or part of any penalty imposed.

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Ralph Nader

Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes.

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Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.

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A reprisal is a limited and deliberate violation of international law to punish another sovereign state that has already broken them.

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Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), enacted in 1976, is the principal federal law in the United States governing the disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste.

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Rosemary O'Leary

Rosemary O'Leary is the Edwin O. Stene Distinguished Professor of Public Administration at the.

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Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

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Safe Drinking Water Act

The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) is the principal federal law in the United States intended to ensure safe drinking water for the public.

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Sarbanes–Oxley Act

The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002, also known as the "Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act" (in the Senate) and "Corporate and Auditing Accountability, Responsibility, and Transparency Act" (in the House) and more commonly called Sarbanes–Oxley, Sarbox or SOX, is a United States federal law that set new or expanded requirements for all U.S. public company boards, management and public accounting firms.

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SEC Office of the Whistleblower

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) whistleblower program went into effect on July 21, 2010, when the President signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.

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SecureDrop is an open-source software platform for secure communication between journalists and sources (whistleblowers).

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Seton Hall University

Seton Hall University is a private Roman Catholic university in South Orange, New Jersey, United States.

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Shooting the messenger

"Shooting the messenger" is a metaphoric phrase used to describe the act of blaming the bearer of bad news.

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Social undermining

Social undermining is the expression of negative emotions directed towards a particular person or negative evaluations of the person as a way to prevent the person from achieving his or her goals.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Stephen M. Kohn

Stephen Martin Kohn is an attorney for Kohn, Kohn & Colapinto, a Washington, D.C., law firm specializing in employment law.

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Stock market

A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

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Suicidal ideation

Suicidal ideation, also known as suicidal thoughts, is thinking about or having an unusual preoccupation with suicide.

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Superfund is a United States federal government program designed to fund the cleanup of sites contaminated with hazardous substances and pollutants.

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Supergrass (informant)

Supergrass is a British slang term for an informant who turns Queen's evidence, often in return for protection and immunity from prosecution.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Surface Transportation Assistance Act

The Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 was a comprehensive transportation funding and policy act of the United States Federal Government,.

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Suspension (punishment)

Suspension is either paid or unpaid time away from the workplace as ordered by the employer in order for a workplace investigation to take place.

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Swiss Code of Obligations

The Swiss Code of Obligations (Obligationenrecht; Code des obligations; Diritto delle obbligazioni; Dretg d'obligaziuns) is a portion of the Swiss Civil Code that regulates contract law and corporations (Aktiengesellschaft).

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TechPresident is a nonpartisan political website founded by Andrew Rasiej and Micah Sifry with the idea of tracking how the Internet is impacting U.S. political campaigns.

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Termination of employment

Termination of employment, is an employee's departure from a job and the end of an employee's duration with an employer.

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The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy

The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy is a graduate and undergraduate program at the College of William and Mary, founded in 1987.

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Thomas Anton Kochan

Thomas A. Kochan (born September 28, 1947) is a professor of industrial relations, work and employment.

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Thrice is an American rock band from Irvine, California, formed in 1998.

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To Be Everywhere Is to Be Nowhere

To Be Everywhere Is to Be Nowhere is the ninth studio album by American rock band Thrice.

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Tor (anonymity network)

Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication.

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Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is a United States law, passed by the United States Congress in 1976 and administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, that regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals.

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TrumpiLeaks is a whistleblower website started by American documentary filmmaker and author Michael Moore to solicit leaks of material about Donald Trump from within the Trump Administration, the Trump Organization, and U.S. citizenry.

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U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.

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Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.

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United States Department of Labor

The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.

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United States federal civil service

The United States federal civil service is the civilian workforce (i.e., non-elected and non-military, public sector employees) of the United States federal government's departments and agencies.

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United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines

The Federal Sentencing Guidelines are rules that set out a uniform sentencing policy for individuals and organizations convicted of felonies and serious (Class A) misdemeanors in the United States federal courts system.

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University of Greenwich

The University of Greenwich is a public and research university located in London, in the United Kingdom.

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Virtue ethics

Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.

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Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century

The Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century is a United States federal law, signed on April 5, 2000, seeking to improve airline safety.

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Westview Press

Westview Press was an American publishing house.

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A whistle is an instrument which produces sound from a stream of gas, most commonly air.

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Whistleblower Office

The IRS Whistleblower Office is a branch of the United States Internal Revenue Service that will "process tips received from individuals, who spot tax problems in their workplace, while conducting day-to-day personal business or anywhere else they may be encountered." Tipsters should use IRS to make a claim.

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Whistleblowers Australia

Whistleblowers Australia Inc. is an association for those who have exposed corruption or any form of malpractice, especially if they were then hindered or abused, and for those who are thinking of exposing it or who wish to support those who are doing so.

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WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.

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William Mitchell College of Law

William Mitchell College of Law was a private, independent law school located in St. Paul, Minnesota, United States, from 1956 to 2015.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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Workplace bullying

Workplace bullying is a persistent pattern of mistreatment from others in the workplace that causes either physical or emotional harm.

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19th century

The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whistleblower

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