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Index Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. [1]

220 relations: A History of the World in 100 Objects, Advanced Encryption Standard, Advertising slogan, Aircrack-ng, AirPort, ALOHAnet, Amateur radio, Android (operating system), Asbury Park Press, AT&T Corporation, Baby monitor, Backward compatibility, Bada, Barcode, Best-effort delivery, BlackBerry, Bluetooth, Boing Boing, Boris Johnson, Bridging (networking), Business, Cable modem, Captive portal, Carnegie Mellon University, Case law, Category 6 cable, Cellular network, Chipset, City of Westminster, Closed-circuit television, Consumer electronics, Cordless telephone, Cory Doctorow, CSIRO, Data (computing), DBm, Digital camera, Digital subscriber line, Directional antenna, Domain Name System, DSL modem, DVD player, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Eavesdropping, Eduroam, Effective radiated power, Electromagnetic hypersensitivity, Encryption, Ethernet, Ethernet frame, ..., Ethernet hub, Ethernet over coax, ExpressCard, Extensible Authentication Protocol, Federal Communications Commission, Firewall (computing), Fixed wireless, Florida, Fluhrer, Mantin and Shamir attack, Fon (company), G.hn, Gi-Fi, Graffiti, Graphical user interface, Handheld game console, Health Protection Agency, Hertz, High fidelity, Hotspot (Wi-Fi), HTTPS, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, IEEE 802, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.11 (legacy mode), IEEE 802.11ac, IEEE 802.11b-1999, IEEE 802.11y-2008, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Indoor positioning system, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Interbrand, Interference (communication), International Agency for Research on Cancer, Internet, Internet access, Internet Protocol, Internet service provider, Internetworking, Interoperability, IOS, IPhone, IPTV, ISM band, Isotropic radiator, ITU-T, John O'Sullivan (engineer), KRACK, Li-Fi, Line-of-sight propagation, List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens, List of macOS components, List of WLAN channels, Local area network, Logo, London, London Borough of Islington, London boroughs, Long-range Wi-Fi, LTE (telecommunication), MAC address, MAC spoofing, MacOS, Man-in-the-middle attack, Medium access control, Mesh networking, MetroFi, Metropolitan area network, Microwave oven, MiFi, Minneapolis, Minneapolis wireless internet network, Mobile phone, Motorola Canopy, Multiplayer video game, Mysore, National Museum of Australia, NCR Corporation, Network address translation, Network intelligence, Network security, Network switch, Nintendo DS, Nonprofit organization, Omnidirectional antenna, Operating system Wi-Fi support, Original equipment manufacturer, Passphrase, PC Card, PC Magazine, Personal area network, Personal computer, Physical layer, Pico El Águila, Pittsburgh, PlayStation Portable, Pop City, Power-line communication, Printer (computing), Pun, Radio astronomy, Radio modem, Radio propagation, Roaming, Router (computing), Routing, San Francisco Digital Inclusion Strategy, Seoul, Service set (802.11 network), Signal reflection, Signal-to-noise ratio, Smart TV, Smartphone, St. Cloud, Florida, Station (networking), Sunnyvale, California, Super high frequency, Super Wi-Fi, Swedish National Space Agency, Symbian, Tablet computer, TDLS, Television, Temporal Key Integrity Protocol, Tethering, The Age, ThinkPad, Time-division multiple access, Title 47 CFR Part 15, Transport Layer Security, U-NII, Ultra high frequency, United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team, USB, Vic Hayes, Video game console, Video sender, Virtual private network, Warchalking, Wardriving, Waveguide, WaveLAN, Web server, Website, Wi-Fi Alliance, Wi-Fi Direct, Wi-Fi Protected Access, Wi-Fi Protected Setup, WiBro, Wide area network, Windows Phone, Wired Equivalent Privacy, Wireless, Wireless access point, Wireless ad hoc network, Wireless Andrew, Wireless Broadband Alliance, Wireless community network, Wireless Gigabit Alliance, Wireless LAN, Wireless mesh network, Wireless network, Wireless network interface controller, Wireless router, World Health Organization, Yin and yang, Zero-configuration networking, Zigbee, 2G, 3G, 4G. Expand index (170 more) »

A History of the World in 100 Objects

A History of the World in 100 Objects was a joint project of BBC Radio 4 and the British Museum, comprising a 100-part radio series written and presented by British Museum director Neil MacGregor.

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Advanced Encryption Standard

The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), also known by its original name Rijndael, is a specification for the encryption of electronic data established by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 2001.

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Advertising slogan

Advertising slogans are short phrases used in advertising campaigns to generate publicity and unify a company’s marketing strategy.

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Aircrack-ng is a network software suite consisting of a detector, packet sniffer, WEP and WPA/WPA2-PSK cracker and analysis tool for 802.11 wireless LANs.

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AirPort is the name given to a series of products by Apple Inc.

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ALOHAnet, also known as the ALOHA System, or simply ALOHA, was a pioneering computer networking system developed at the University of Hawaii.

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Amateur radio

Amateur radio, also known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport, contesting, and emergency communication.

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Android (operating system)

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

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Asbury Park Press

The Asbury Park Press is a daily newspaper in Monmouth and Ocean counties of New Jersey and has the third largest circulation in the state.

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AT&T Corporation

AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.

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Baby monitor

A baby monitor, also known as a baby alarm, is a radio system used to remotely listen to sounds made by an infant.

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Backward compatibility

Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.

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Bada (stylized as bada; Korean: 바다) is a discontinued operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.

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A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.

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Best-effort delivery

Best-effort delivery describes a network service in which the network does not provide any guarantee that data is delivered or that delivery meets any quality of service.

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BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).

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Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).

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Boing Boing

Boing Boing is a website, first established as a zine in 1988, later becoming a group blog.

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Boris Johnson

Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964), best known as Boris Johnson, is a British politician, popular historian and journalist serving as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since 2016 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015.

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Bridging (networking)

A network bridge is a computer networking device that creates a single aggregate network from multiple communication networks or network segments.

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Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).

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Cable modem

A cable modem is a type of network bridge that provides bi-directional data communication via radio frequency channels on a hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC) and radio frequency over glass (RFoG) infrastructure.

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Captive portal

A captive portal is a web page which is displayed to newly connected users before they are granted broader access to network resources.

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Case law

Case law is a set of past rulings by tribunals that meet their respective jurisdictions' rules to be cited as precedent.

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Category 6 cable

Category 6 cable, commonly referred to as Cat 6, is a standardized twisted pair cable for Ethernet and other network physical layers that is backward compatible with the Category 5/5e and Category 3 cable standards.

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Cellular network

A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.

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In a computer system, a chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit known as a "Data Flow Management System" that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals.

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City of Westminster

The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.

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Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.

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Consumer electronics

Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.

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Cordless telephone

A cordless telephone or portable telephone is a telephone in which the handset is portable and communicates with the body of the phone by radio, instead of being attached by a cord.

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Cory Doctorow

Cory Efram Doctorow (born July 17, 1971) is a Canadian-British on his wife, Alice Taylor's Twitter stream, 12 August 2011 blogger, journalist, and science fiction author who serves as co-editor of the blog Boing Boing.

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The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is an independent Australian federal government agency responsible for scientific research.

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Data (computing)

Data (treated as singular, plural, or as a mass noun) is any sequence of one or more symbols given meaning by specific act(s) of interpretation.

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dBm (sometimes dBmW or decibel-milliwatts) is unit of level used to indicate that a power ratio is expressed in decibels (dB) with reference to one milliwatt (mW).

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Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.

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Digital subscriber line

Digital subscriber line (DSL; originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.

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Directional antenna

A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.

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Domain Name System

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.

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DSL modem

A digital subscriber line (DSL) modem is a device used to connect a computer or router to a telephone line which provides the digital subscriber line service for connectivity to the Internet, which is often called DSL broadband.

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DVD player

A DVD player is a device that plays DVD discs produced under both the DVD-Video and DVD-Audio technical standards, two different and incompatible standards.

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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.

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Eavesdropping is secretly or stealthily listening to the private conversation or communications of others without their consent.

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eduroam (education roaming) is an international roaming service for users in research, higher education and further education.

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Effective radiated power

Effective radiated power (ERP), synonymous with equivalent radiated power, is an IEEE standardized definition of directional radio frequency (RF) power, such as that emitted by a radio transmitter.

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Electromagnetic hypersensitivity

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is a claimed sensitivity to electromagnetic fields, to which negative symptoms are attributed.

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In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.

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Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).

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Ethernet frame

A data unit on an Ethernet link transports an Ethernet frame as its payload.

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Ethernet hub

An Ethernet hub, active hub, network hub, repeater hub, multiport repeater, or simply hub is a network hardware device for connecting multiple Ethernet devices together and making them act as a single network segment.

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Ethernet over coax

Ethernet over Coax (EoC) is a family of technologies that supports the transmission of Ethernet frames over coaxial cable.

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ExpressCard, initially called NEWCARD, is an interface to connect peripheral devices to a computer, usually a laptop computer.

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Extensible Authentication Protocol

Extensible Authentication Protocol, or EAP, is an authentication framework frequently used in wireless networks and point-to-point connections.

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Federal Communications Commission

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.

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Firewall (computing)

In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.

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Fixed wireless

Fixed wireless is the operation of wireless devices or systems used to connect two fixed locations (e.g., building to building or tower to building) with a radio or other wireless link, such as laser bridge.

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Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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Fluhrer, Mantin and Shamir attack

In cryptography, the Fluhrer, Mantin and Shamir attack is a stream cipher attack on the widely used RC4 stream cipher.

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Fon (company)

Fon Wireless Ltd.

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G.hn is a specification for home networking with data rates up to 2 Gbit/s and operation over four types of legacy wires: telephone wiring, coaxial cables, power lines and plastic optical fiber.

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Gi-Fi or gigabit wireless refers to a wireless communication at a data rate of more than one billion bits (gigabit) per second.

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Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Handheld game console

A handheld game console is a small, portable self-contained video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers.

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Health Protection Agency

The Health Protection Agency (HPA) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom.

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The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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High fidelity

High fidelity (often shortened to hi-fi or hifi) is a term used by listeners, audiophiles and home audio enthusiasts to refer to high-quality reproduction of sound.

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Hotspot (Wi-Fi)

A hotspot is a physical location where people may obtain Internet access, typically using Wi-Fi technology, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) using a router connected to an internet service provider.

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HTTP Secure (HTTPS) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) for secure communication over a computer network, and is widely used on the Internet.

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Hypertext Transfer Protocol

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.

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IEEE 802

IEEE 802 is a family of IEEE standards dealing with local area networks and metropolitan area networks.

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IEEE 802.11

IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.

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IEEE 802.11 (legacy mode)

IEEE 802.11 (legacy mode) or more correctly IEEE 802.11-1997 or IEEE 802.11-1999 refer to the original version of the IEEE 802.11 wireless networking standard released in 1997 and clarified in 1999.

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IEEE 802.11ac

IEEE 802.11ac is a wireless networking standard in the 802.11 family (which is marketed under the brand name Wi-Fi), developed in the IEEE Standards Association, providing high-throughput wireless local area networks (WLANs) on the 5 GHz band.

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IEEE 802.11b-1999

IEEE 802.11b-1999 or 802.11b, is an amendment to the IEEE 802.11 wireless networking specification that extends throughput up to 11 Mbit/s using the same 2.4GHz band.

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IEEE 802.11y-2008

IEEE 802.11y-2008 is an amendment to the IEEE 802.11-2007 standard that enables high powered data transfer equipment to operate using the 802.11a protocol on a co-primary basis in the 3650 to 3700 MHz band in the United States, except when near a grandfathered satellite earth station.

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IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the IEEE Communications Society.

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Indoor positioning system

An indoor positioning system (IPS) is a system to locate objects or people inside a building using lights, radio waves, magnetic fields, acoustic signals, or other sensory information collected by mobile devices.

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

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Interbrand, a division of Omnicom, is a brand consultancy, specializing in areas such as brand strategy, brand analytics, brand valuation, corporate design, digital brand management, packaging design, and naming.

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Interference (communication)

In communications and electronics, especially in telecommunications, interference is anything which modifies, or disrupts a signal as it travels along a channel between a source and a receiver.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.

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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Internet access

Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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Internetworking is the practice of connecting a computer network with other networks through the use of gateways that provide a common method of routing information packets between the networks.

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Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, at present or in the future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions.

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iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.

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iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.

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Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

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ISM band

The industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio bands are radio bands (portions of the radio spectrum) reserved internationally for the use of radio frequency (RF) energy for industrial, scientific and medical purposes other than telecommunications.

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Isotropic radiator

An isotropic radiator is a theoretical point source of electromagnetic or sound waves which radiates the same intensity of radiation in all directions.

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The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.

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John O'Sullivan (engineer)


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KRACK ("Key Reinstallation Attack") is a severe replay attack (a type of exploitable flaw) on the Wi-Fi Protected Access protocol that secures Wi-Fi connections.

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Li-Fi (short for light fidelity) is a technology for wireless communication between devices using light to transmit data and position.

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Line-of-sight propagation

Line-of-sight propagation is a characteristic of electromagnetic radiation or acoustic wave propagation which means waves travel in a direct path from the source to the receiver.

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List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens

Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is "possibly carcinogenic to humans".

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List of macOS components

This is a list of macOS (earlier called Mac OS X) components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.

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List of WLAN channels

Pass:   18030794 channels using IEEE 802.11 protocols are sold mostly under the trademark WiFi.

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Local area network

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.

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A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Borough of Islington

The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in Inner London, England.

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London boroughs

The London boroughs are 32 of the 33 local authority districts of the Greater London administrative area (the 33rd is the City of London).

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Long-range Wi-Fi

Long-range Wi-Fi is used for low-cost, unregulated point-to-point computer network connections, as an alternative to other fixed wireless, cellular networks or satellite Internet access.

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LTE (telecommunication)

In telecommunication, Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for high-speed wireless communication for mobile devices and data terminals, based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies.

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MAC address

A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.

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MAC spoofing

MAC spoofing is a technique for changing a factory-assigned Media Access Control (MAC) address of a network interface on a networked device.

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macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.

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Man-in-the-middle attack

In cryptography and computer security, a man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack where the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.

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Medium access control

In IEEE 802 LAN/MAN standards, the medium access control (MAC) sublayer (also known as the media access control sublayer) and the logical link control (LLC) sublayer together make up the data link layer.

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Mesh networking

A mesh network is a local network topology in which the infrastructure nodes (i.e. bridges, switches and other infrastructure devices) connect directly, dynamically and non-hierarchically to as many other nodes as possible and cooperate with one another to efficiently route data from/to clients.

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MetroFi was a provider of municipal wireless network service in several cities in the western United States.

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Metropolitan area network

A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a that interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN).

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Microwave oven

A microwave oven (also commonly referred to as a microwave) is an electric oven that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range.

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MiFi is a brand name used to describe a wireless router that acts as mobile Wi-Fi hotspot.

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Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.

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Minneapolis wireless internet network

The city of Minneapolis, Minnesota, is covered by a citywide broadband wireless internet network, sometimes called Wireless Minneapolis.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.

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Motorola Canopy

Motorola Canopy is a fixed wireless networking system designed for wireless Internet service providers to provide Internet access.

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Multiplayer video game

A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.

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Mysore, officially Mysuru, is the third most populous city in the state of Karnataka, India.

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National Museum of Australia

The National Museum of Australia preserves and interprets Australia's social history, exploring the key issues, people and events that have shaped the nation.

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NCR Corporation

The NCR Corporation (originally National Cash Register) is a company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.

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Network address translation

Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.

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Network intelligence

Network Intelligence (NI) is a technology that builds on the concepts and capabilities of Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), Packet Capture and Business Intelligence (BI).

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Network security

Network security consists of the policies and practices adopted to prevent and monitor unauthorized access, misuse, modification, or denial of a computer network and network-accessible resources.

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Network switch

A network switch (also called switching hub, bridging hub, officially MAC bridge) is a computer networking device that connects devices together on a computer network by using packet switching to receive, process, and forward data to the destination device.

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Nintendo DS

The Nintendo DS, or simply DS, is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and released by Nintendo.

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Nonprofit organization

A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.

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Omnidirectional antenna

In radio communication, an omnidirectional antenna is a class of antenna which have an axis about which radio wave power is radiated symmetrically, and, upon that axis, is zero.

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Operating system Wi-Fi support

Operating system Wi-Fi support is the support in the operating system for Wi-Fi and usually consists of two pieces: driver level support, and configuration and management support.

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Original equipment manufacturer

An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.

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A passphrase is a sequence of words or other text used to control access to a computer system, program or data.

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PC Card

In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.

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PC Magazine

PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.

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Personal area network

A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network for interconnecting devices centered on an individual person's workspace.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Physical layer

In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.

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Pico El Águila

Pico El Águila is a mountain in the Cordillera de Mérida of Venezuela.

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Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.

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PlayStation Portable

The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.

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Pop City

Pop City is a defunct weekly online magazine whose content focused on news and features about Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Power-line communication

Power-line communication (PLC) carries data on a conductor that is also used simultaneously for AC electric power transmission or electric power distribution to consumers.

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Printer (computing)

In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.

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The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

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Radio astronomy

Radio astronomy is a subfield of astronomy that studies celestial objects at radio frequencies.

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Radio modem

Radio modems transfer data wirelessly across a range of up to tens of kilometres.

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Radio propagation

Radio propagation is the behavior of radio waves as they travel, or are propagated, from one point to another, or into various parts of the atmosphere.

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Roaming is a wireless telecommunication term typically used with mobile devices (like mobile phones).

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Router (computing)

A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.

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Routing is the process of selecting a path for traffic in a network, or between or across multiple networks.

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San Francisco Digital Inclusion Strategy

The San Francisco Digital Inclusion Strategy (SFDIS) is a policy initiative in San Francisco, CA.

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Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.

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Service set (802.11 network)

In IEEE 802.11 wireless local area networking standards, a service set is a group of wireless network devices that are operating with the same networking parameters.

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Signal reflection

Signal reflection occurs when a signal is transmitted along a transmission medium, such as a copper cable or an optical fiber.

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Signal-to-noise ratio

Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.

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Smart TV

A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 2.0" features.

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A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.

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St. Cloud, Florida


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Station (networking)

In IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi) terminology, a station (abbreviated as STA) is a device that has the capability to use the 802.11 protocol.

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Sunnyvale, California

Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California.

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Super high frequency

Super high frequency (SHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range between 3 and 30 gigahertz (GHz).

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Super Wi-Fi

Super Wi-Fi is a term coined by the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to describe a wireless networking proposal which the FCC plans to use for the creation of longer-distance wireless Internet access.

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Swedish National Space Agency

The Swedish National Space Agency (SNSA, Rymdstyrelsen) is a Government agency in Sweden operating under the Swedish Ministry of Education and Science.

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Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.

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Tablet computer

A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.

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TDLS, or Tunneled Direct Link Setup, is "a seamless way to stream media and other data faster between devices already on the same Wi-Fi network." Devices using it communicate directly with one another, without involving the wireless network's router.

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Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.

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Temporal Key Integrity Protocol

Temporal Key Integrity Protocol or TKIP is a security protocol used in the IEEE 802.11 wireless networking standard.

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Tethering, or phone-as-modem (PAM), is the sharing of a mobile device's internet connection with other connected computers.

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The Age

The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.

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ThinkPad is a line of laptop computers and tablets developed by Lenovo.

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Time-division multiple access

Time-division multiple access (TDMA) is a channel access method for shared-medium networks.

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Title 47 CFR Part 15

Code of Federal Regulations, Title 47, Part 15 (47 CFR 15) is an oft-quoted part of Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules and regulations regarding unlicensed transmissions.

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Transport Layer Security

Transport Layer Security (TLS) – and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.

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The Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure (U-NII) radio band is part of the radio frequency spectrum used by IEEE-802.11a devices and by many wireless ISPs.

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Ultra high frequency

Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.

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United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team

The United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) is an organization within the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD).

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USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.

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Vic Hayes

Victor "Vic" Hayes (born July 31, 1941 Surabaya, Dutch East Indies) is a former Senior Research Fellow at the Delft University of Technology.

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Video game console

A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.

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Video sender

A video sender (also known as a DigiSender, wireless video sender, AV sender or audio-video sender) is a device for transmitting domestic audio and video signals wirelessly from one location to another.

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Virtual private network

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

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Warchalking is the drawing of symbols in public places to advertise an open Wi-Fi network.

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Wardriving is the act of searching for Wi-Fi wireless networks by a person usually in a moving vehicle, using a laptop or smartphone.

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A waveguide is a structure that guides waves, such as electromagnetic waves or sound, with minimal loss of energy by restricting expansion to one dimension or two.

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WaveLAN was a brand name for a family of wireless networking technology sold by NCR, AT&T, and Lucent, as well as being sold by other companies under OEM agreements.

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Web server

Web server refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web.

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A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.

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Wi-Fi Alliance

Wi-Fi Alliance is a non-profit organization that promotes Wi-Fi technology and certifies Wi-Fi products if they conform to certain standards of interoperability.

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Wi-Fi Direct

Wi-Fi Direct, initially called Wi-Fi P2P, is a Wi-Fi standard enabling devices to easily connect with each other without requiring a wireless access point.

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Wi-Fi Protected Access

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) and Wi-Fi Protected Access II (WPA2) are two security protocols and security certification programs developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to secure wireless computer networks.

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Wi-Fi Protected Setup

Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS; originally, Wi-Fi Simple Config) is a network security standard to create a secure wireless home network.

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WiBro (Wireless Broadband) is a wireless broadband Internet technology developed by the South Korean telecoms industry.

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Wide area network

A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance/place.

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Windows Phone

Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.

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Wired Equivalent Privacy

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security algorithm for IEEE 802.11 wireless networks.

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Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.

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Wireless access point

20018 In computer networking, a wireless access point (WAP), or more generally just access point (AP), is a networking hardware device that allows a Wi-Fi device to connect to a wired network.

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Wireless ad hoc network

A wireless ad hoc network (WANET) or MANET (Mobile ad hoc network) is a decentralised type of wireless network.

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Wireless Andrew

Wireless Andrew was the first campus-wide wireless Internet network.

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Wireless Broadband Alliance

The Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA) is an industry association formed to promote interoperability between operators in the Wi-Fi industry, with the stated aim of providing an excellent user experience.

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Wireless community network

Wireless community networks or wireless community projects are the organizations that attempt to take a grassroots approach to providing a viable alternative to municipal wireless networks for consumers.

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Wireless Gigabit Alliance

The Wireless Gigabit Alliance (WiGig) was a trade association that developed and promoted the adoption of multi-gigabit per second speed wireless communications technology operating over the unlicensed 60 GHz frequency band.

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Wireless LAN

A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a wireless computer network that links two or more devices using wireless communication within a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building.

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Wireless mesh network

A wireless mesh network (WMN) is a communications network made up of radio nodes organized in a mesh topology.

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Wireless network

A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes.

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Wireless network interface controller

A wireless network interface controller (WNIC) is a network interface controller which connects to a wireless radio-based computer network, rather than a wired network, such as Token Ring or Ethernet.

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Wireless router

An early example of a wireless router A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router and also includes the functions of a wireless access point.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Yin and yang

In Chinese philosophy, yin and yang (and; 陽 yīnyáng, lit. "dark-bright", "negative-positive") describes how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another.

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Zero-configuration networking

Zero-configuration networking (zeroconf) is a set of technologies that automatically creates a usable computer network based on the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) when computers or network peripherals are interconnected.

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Zigbee is an IEEE 802.15.4-based specification for a suite of high-level communication protocols used to create personal area networks with small, low-power digital radios, such as for home automation, medical device data collection, and other low-power low-bandwidth needs, designed for small scale projects which need wireless connection.

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2G (or 2-G) is short for second-generation cellular technology.

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3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.

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4G is the fourth generation of broadband cellular network technology, succeeding 3G.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wi-Fi

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