344 relations: ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, Accountability, Adrian Lamo, Advanced Encryption Standard, Afghan War documents leak, Aftonbladet, Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information, Alex Gibney, Alex Karp, Alexa Internet, Amazon (company), Amnesty International, Amy Goodman, Android (operating system), Angela Merkel, Anonymous (group), Apple Inc., Archive, Argentina, Aspen Institute, Assange v Swedish Prosecution Authority, Associated Press, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australian Federal Police, Bahnhof, Bank Julius Baer v. WikiLeaks, Bank of America, Barclays, Bartnicki v. Vopper, Basic Laws of Sweden, BBC, BBC News, Ben Saul, Berico Technologies, Bernie Sanders, Bill Keller, Birgitta Jónsdóttir, BitTorrent, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg L.P., BP, British National Party, Bulletproof hosting, Cambridge Analytica, Camp Delta Standard Operating Procedures, Cayman Islands, CBS, CBS News, Center for Constitutional Rights, Center for Strategic and International Studies, ..., Central Intelligence Agency, Chelsea Manning, Child pornography, Cholera, Chris Anderson (entrepreneur), Classified information in the United States, Climate change, Climatic Research Unit email controversy, CNET, CNN, Computer programming, Computer security, Computer worm, Computerworld, Computing (magazine), Congressional Research Service, Conspiracy theory, Contents of the United States diplomatic cables leak, Counterintelligence, Cryptome, Cyberattack, Cyberwarfare, Dagens Nyheter, Daniel arap Moi, Daniel Domscheit-Berg, Dark web, Data activism, David Folkenflik, Democratic National Committee, Denial-of-service attack, Der Spiegel, Digital rights, Dilma Rousseff, Diplomacy, Disinformation, Dmitry Medvedev, Domain name, Domain Name System, DomainKeys Identified Mail, Donald Trump, Donald Trump Jr., Duisburg, E-commerce payment system, EasyDNS, EBay, Economic and Political Weekly, Edward Snowden, El País, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Electronic Privacy Information Center, Encryption, Eric Holder, Eric Zorn, Espionage Act of 1917, EveryDNS, Extradition, False flag, Federation of American Scientists, Firefox, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Floyd Abrams, Focus (German magazine), For-profit corporation, Forbes, Foreign Policy, Fox News, François Hollande, Freedom of information, Freedom of Information Act (United States), Freedom of the press, Freedom of the Press Foundation, French presidential election, 2012, French presidential election, 2017, Friendly fire, Glenn Greenwald, Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present), GlobaLeaks, Globe, Gonorrhea, Google, Google Chrome, Granai airstrike, Guantanamo Bay detention camp, Guantanamo Bay files leak, Harvard University, Hassan Dahir Aweys, HBGary, Heather Marsh, Hillary Clinton, Hillary Clinton email controversy, Home page, Hourglass, Hunton & Williams, Iceland, Icesave dispute, ICWATCH, Information Commissioner's Office, Information security, Information warfare, Injunction, Intelligence agency, International Business Times, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Federation of Journalists, Internet activism, Internet Archive, IOS, Iraq Body Count project, Iraq Inquiry, Iraq War, Iraq War documents leak, Jacques Chirac, Jennifer 8. Lee, John Kerry, John McCain, John O. Brennan, John Podesta, John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Joint Services Publication 440, Jonathan Zittrain, Julia Gillard, Julian Assange, Julius Baer Group, July 12, 2007, Baghdad airstrike, Jurisdiction, Justice and Development Party (Turkey), Kaupthing Bank, Kentucky, Kenya, Key (cryptography), Khan Shaykhun chemical attack, Kissinger cables, Kristinn Hrafnsson, Le Monde, Le Point, Lille, Linux, Los Angeles Times, Love Parade disaster, Lumen (website), MacOS, Mark Stephens (solicitor), Mastercard, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Windows, Mike Pompeo, Military intelligence, Mirror website, Mitsubishi, Mitsui, Moscow Kremlin, Multi-National Force – Iraq, Murder of Seth Rich, National Newspaper Publishers Association, NATO, New Life Children's Refuge case, New York Daily News, New York Times Co. v. United States, News leak, Newsweek, Nicolas Sarkozy, Non-disclosure agreement, Non-state actor, Nonprofit organization, Norm Coleman, North Carolina, Nuclear disarmament, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Offshore financial centre, Ohio, Online petition, Open government, Open society, Opera Software, Operating system, Oratorio, Organization of American States, OVH, Palantir Technologies, Panama Papers, Passphrase, Pastebin, Paul Moreira, PayPal, Pennsylvania, Peter-Service, Pionen, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Politico, Poynter Institute, Privacy, PRQ, RÚV, Reactions to the United States diplomatic cables leak, Relaxnews, Reuters, RT (TV network), Rudolf Elmer, Russia, Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, Saint Petersburg, Salon (website), Sam Adams Award, Sarah Harrison (journalist), Sarah Palin, Sarah Palin email hack, Scientology, September 11 attacks, Server log, Slate (magazine), Smart TV, Smartphone, Social Security number, SORM, Source (journalism), Stratfor, Stuxnet, Sundance Film Festival, Sunlight Foundation, Syria Files, Taiwan, TechEye, TED (conference), Ted Hearne, Tennessee, The Andrew Marr Show, The Australian, The Economist, The Guardian, The Hill (newspaper), The Independent, The Moscow Times, The Nation, The New York Times, The Observer, The Source (oratorio), The Washington Post, The Washington Times, The World Today (Australian radio program), Time Person of the Year, Tor (anonymity network), Torture, Trafigura, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Transparency (behavior), Triple parentheses, Tunisian Revolution, Turkish Identification Number, Twitter, United Nations special rapporteur, United States, United States Army, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Justice, United States Department of State, United States diplomatic cables leak, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, United States presidential election, 2008, United States presidential election, 2016, United States Secretary of State, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of Sydney, Valitor, Vault 7, Verdens Gang, Virginia, Visa Inc., Vladimir Putin, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), War on Terror, Wau Holland Foundation, We Steal Secrets: The Story of WikiLeaks, Web browser, West Virginia, Whistleblower, Wiki, Wikia, WikiLeaks-related Twitter court orders, Wikimedia Foundation, Wire transfer, Wired (magazine), Yahoo! News, Yochai Benkler, Zero-day (computing), Zeynep Tufekci, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump, 2008 Peru oil scandal, 2008–2011 Icelandic financial crisis, 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak, 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt, 2016–present purges in Turkey, 2017 Macron e-mail leaks, 501(c)(3) organization. Expand index (294 more) » « Shrink index
ABS-CBN News (formerly ABS-CBN News and Public Affairs and ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs) is the news division of Philippine media conglomerate ABS-CBN.
In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving.
Adrián Alfonso Lamo Atwood (February 20, 1981 – March 14, 2018) was an American threat analyst and hacker.
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), also known by its original name Rijndael, is a specification for the encryption of electronic data established by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 2001.
The Afghan War documents leak, also called the Afghan War Diary, is the disclosure of a collection of internal U.S. military logs of the War in Afghanistan, which were published by WikiLeaks on 2010.
Aftonbladet is a Swedish evening newspaper published in Stockholm, Sweden.
The Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information (ANSSI; English: National Cybersecurity Agency of France) is a French service created on 7 July 2009 with responsibility for computer security.
Philip Alexander "Alex" Gibney (born October 23, 1953) is an American documentary film director and producer.
Alexander Karp (born October 2, 1967) is an American billionaire businessman, co-founder and CEO of the software firm Palantir Technologies.
Alexa Internet, Inc. is an American company based in California that provides commercial web traffic data and analytics.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Amy Goodman is an American broadcast journalist, syndicated columnist, investigative reporter, and author.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Anonymous is a decentralized international hacktivist group that is widely known for its various DDOS cyber attacks against several governments, government institutions & government agencies, corporations, and the Church of Scientology.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Aspen Institute is an international nonprofit think tank founded in 1949 as the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies.
Julian Assange v Swedish Prosecution Authority were the set of legal proceedings in the United Kingdom concerning the requested extradition of Julian Assange to Sweden to further a 'preliminary investigation' into accusations of his having committed sexual offences.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the principal federal law enforcement agency of the Australian Government with a unique role to investigate crime and to protect the national security of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Bahnhof (German for "train station") is a Swedish Internet service provider (ISP) founded in 1994 by Oscar Swartz in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the country's first independent ISP.
Bank Julius Baer & Co.
Bank of America Corporation (abbreviated as BofA) is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Barclays plc is a British multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in London.
Bartnicki v. Vopper, 532 U.S. 514 (2001),.
The Basic Laws of Sweden (Sveriges grundlagar) are the four fundamental laws of the Kingdom of Sweden that regulate the Swedish political system, acting in a similar manner to the constitutions of most countries.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Ben Saul is the current Challis Professor of International Law at the University of Sydney and an Australian Research Council Future Fellow.
Berico Technologies is a small defense contractor based in Reston, Virginia, United States.
Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
Bill Keller (born January 18, 1949) is an American journalist.
Birgitta Jónsdóttir (born 17 April 1967) is an Icelandic politician, anarchist, poet, and activist.
BitTorrent (abbreviated to BT) is a communication protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
BP plc (stylised as bp), formerly British Petroleum, is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.
The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right and fascist political party in the United Kingdom.
Bulletproof hosting is a service provided by some domain hosting or web hosting firms that allows their customer considerable leniency in the kinds of material they may upload and distribute.
Cambridge Analytica Ltd (CA) was a British political consulting firm which combined data mining, data brokerage, and data analysis with strategic communication during the electoral processes.
The Camp Delta Standard Operating Procedures is a document that was written under the authority of Geoffrey D. Miller when he was the officer in charge of Joint Task Force Guantanamo.
The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
The Center for Constitutional Rights.
The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is an American think tank based in Washington, D.C., in the United States.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Chelsea Elizabeth Manning (born Bradley Edward Manning, December 17, 1987) is an American activist, whistleblower, politician, and former United States Army soldier.
Child pornography is pornography that exploits children for sexual stimulation.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Chris Anderson (born 1957) is the owner of TED, a nonprofit organization that provides idea-based talks and hosts an annual conference in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
The United States government classification system is established under Executive Order 13526, the latest in a long series of executive orders on the topic.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
The Climatic Research Unit email controversy (also known as "Climategate") began in November 2009 with the hacking of a server at the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at the University of East Anglia (UEA) by an external attacker, copying thousands of emails and computer files, the Climatic Research Unit documents, to various internet locations several weeks before the Copenhagen Summit on climate change.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Computer programming is the process of building and designing an executable computer program for accomplishing a specific computing task.
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
Computing is a fortnightly magazine published by Incisive Media for IT managers and professionals in the United Kingdom.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors.
This is a list of notable content from the United States diplomatic cables leak that shows the United States' opinion of related affairs.
Counterintelligence is "an activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program against an opposition's intelligence service." It likewise refers to information gathered and activities conducted to counter espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, international terrorist activities, sometimes including personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.
Cryptome is a 501(c)(3) private foundation created in 1996 by John Young and Deborah Natsios and sponsored by Natsios-Young Architects.
A cyberattack is any type of offensive maneuver that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, computer networks, or personal computer devices.
Cyberwarfare is the use or targeting in a battlespace or warfare context of computers, online control systems and networks.
Dagens Nyheter (lit. "the day's news"), abbreviated DN, is a daily newspaper in Sweden.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born 2 September 1924) is a former Kenyan politician who served as the second President of Kenya from 1978 to 2002.
Daniel Domscheit-Berg (né Berg; born 1978), previously known under the pseudonym Daniel Schmitt, is a German technology activist.
The dark web is the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets, overlay networks that use the Internet but require specific software, configurations or authorization to access.
Data activism is a specific type of activism which uses the production and collection of digital, volunteered, open data to challenge existing power relations.
David Folkenflik is an American reporter based in New York City and serving as media correspondent for National Public Radio.
The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
The term digital rights describes the human rights that allow individuals to access, use, create, and publish digital media or to access and use computers, other electronic devices, or communications networks.
Dilma Vana Rousseff (often known mononymously as Dilma; born 14 December 1947) is a Brazilian economist and politician who served as the 36th President of Brazil, holding the position from 2011 until her impeachment and removal from office on 31 August 2016, becoming the first democratically-elected female President in the world to be impeached and removed.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.
DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) is an email authentication method designed to detect email spoofing.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Donald John Trump Jr. (born December 31, 1977) is an American businessman and former reality television personality.
Duisburg (locally) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
An e-commerce payment system facilitates the acceptance of electronic payment for online transactions.
asyDNS Technologies Inc. is a Canadian Internet service provider which supplies DNS and web hosting services.
eBay Inc. is a multinational e-commerce corporation based in San Jose, California that facilitates consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer sales through its website.
The Economic and Political Weekly is a weekly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all social sciences, and is published by the Sameeksha Trust.
Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.
El País (literally The Country) is the most read newspaper (231,140 printed copies) in Spain and the most circulated daily newspaper (180,765 circulation average), according to data certified by the Office of Justification of Dissemination (OJD) and referring to the period of January 2017 to December 2017.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) is an independent non-profit research center in Washington, D.C. EPIC's mission is to focus public attention on emerging privacy and related human rights issues.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
Eric Himpton Holder Jr. (born January 21, 1951) is an American attorney who served as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States from 2009 to 2015.
Eric Zorn (born January 6, 1958) is an op-ed columnist and daily blogger for the Chicago Tribune, specializing in local news as well as politics.
The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years.
EveryDNS.net was one of the world's largest free DNS management services, at one time providing DNS services for over 135,000 domains, for over a decade, ending in 2011.
Extradition is the act by one jurisdiction of delivering a person who has been accused of committing a crime in another jurisdiction or has been convicted of a crime in that other jurisdiction into the custody of a law enforcement agency of that other jurisdiction.
A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
Floyd Abrams (born July 9, 1936) is an American attorney at Cahill Gordon & Reindel.
Focus (stylized as FOCUS) is a German-language news magazine published by Hubert Burda Media.
A for-profit corporation is an organization which aims to earn profit through its operations and is concerned with its own interests, unlike those of the public (non-profit corporation).
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.
Freedom of information is an extension of freedom of speech, a fundamental human right recognized in international law, which is today understood more generally as freedom of expression in any medium, be it orally, in writing, print, through the Internet or through art forms.
The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA),, is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
Freedom of the Press Foundation (FPF) is a non-profit organization founded in 2012 to fund and support free speech and freedom of the press.
A presidential election was held in France on 22 April 2012 (or 21 April in some overseas departments and territories), with a second round run-off held on 6 May (or 5 May for those same territories) to elect the President of France (who is also ex officio one of the two joint heads of state of Andorra, a sovereign state).
The 2017 French presidential election was held on 23 April and 7 May 2017.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Glenn Edward Greenwald (born March 6, 1967) is an American lawyer, journalist, and author, best known for his role in a series of reports published by The Guardian newspaper beginning in June 2013, detailing the United States and British global surveillance programs, and based on classified documents disclosed by Edward Snowden.
Ongoing news reports in the international media have revealed operational details about the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and its international partners' global surveillance of foreign nationals and U.S. citizens.
GlobaLeaks is an open-source, free software intended to enable secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiatives.
A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere.
Gonorrhea, also spelled gonorrhoea, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
The Granai airstrike, sometimes called the Granai massacre, refers to the killing of approximately 86 to 147 Afghan civilians by an airstrike by a US Air Force B-1 Bomber on May 4, 2009, in the village of Granai (sometimes spelled Garani or Gerani) in Farah Province, south of Herat, Afghanistan.
The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base,, The Independent, 29 April 2006 also referred to as Guantánamo or GTMO, which is on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.
The Guantánamo Bay files leak (also known as The Guantánamo Files, or colloquially, Gitmo Files) began on 25 April 2011, when WikiLeaks, along with several independent news organizations, began publishing 779 formerly secret documents relating to detainees at the United States' Guantánamo Bay detention camp established in 2002 after its invasion of Afghanistan in 2001.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hassan Dahir Aweys (Xasan Daahir Aweys, حسن طاهر أويس) (born 1945)Winter, Joseph,, BBC News, 27 June 2006) is a Somali political figure who was added to the U.S. government's list of terrorists in 2001. Aweys was the head of the 90-member shura council of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) of Somalia, Integrated Regional Information Networks, 26 June 2006 and was viewed as one of the more radical leaders of the Union, which promoted shari'a and directed the militias that took control of the Somali capital of Mogadishu in June 2006. An eight-member executive committee was headed by the more moderate Sharif Sheikh Ahmed,. The BBC stated "It is still not clear which man is more powerful. ". Aweys resigned from the ICU on 28 December 2006, at the end of ICU rule in Mogadishu. He hails from the Habargidir/Ayr subclan within the Hawiye clan.
HBGary is a subsidiary company of ManTech International, focused on technology security.
Heather Marsh is a philosopher, programmer and human rights activist.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
The Hillary Clinton email controversy was a major public controversy arising from the use by Hillary Clinton of her family's private email server for official communications during her tenure as United States Secretary of State rather than official State Department email accounts maintained on secure federal servers.
A home page or a start page is the initial or main web page of a website or a browser.
An hourglass (or sandglass, sand timer, or sand clock) is a device used to measure the passage of time.
Founded in 1901, Hunton & Williams LLP is a US law firm that employs more than 750 attorneys.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
The Icesave dispute was a diplomatic dispute that began after the privately owned Icelandic bank Landsbanki was placed in receivership on 7 October 2008.
ICWATCH is a public database of mainly LinkedIn profiles of people in the United States Intelligence Community.
The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO; stylised as ico.) in the United Kingdom, is a non-departmental public body which reports directly to Parliament and is sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).
Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information.
Information warfare (IW) is a concept involving the battlespace use and management of information and communication technology (ICT) in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent.
An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.
An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is a global union federation of journalists' trade unions—the largest in the world.
Internet activism (also known as web activism, online activism, digital campaigning, digital activism, online organizing, electronic advocacy, cyberactivism, e-campaigning, and e-activism) is the use of electronic communication technologies such as social media, e-mail, and podcasts for various forms of activism to enable faster and more effective communication by citizen movements, the delivery of particular information to large and specific audiences as well as coordination.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
Iraq Body Count project (IBC) is a web-based effort to record civilian deaths resulting from the US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The Iraq Inquiry (also referred to as the Chilcot Inquiry after its chairman, Sir John Chilcot) The Guardian, 31 July 2009.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
The Iraq War documents leak is the disclosure to WikiLeaks of 391,832 United States Army field reports, also called the Iraq War Logs, of the Iraq War from 2004 to 2009 and published on the Internet on 2010.
Jacques René Chirac (born 29 November 1932) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 1995 to 2007.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat he was first elected to in 1986.
John Owen Brennan (born September 22, 1955) was the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from March 2013 to January 2017.
John David Podesta Jr. (born January 8, 1949) is an American political consultant who served as White House Chief of Staff to President Bill Clinton from October 20, 1998 until January 20, 2001 and as Counselor to President Barack Obama from January 1, 2014 until February 13, 2015.
The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation is an American non-profit foundation dedicated to fostering "informed and engaged communities" which the foundation believes are "essential for a healthy democracy." The foundation "supports ideas that promote quality journalism, advance media innovation, engage communities and foster the arts." The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation began as the Knight Memorial Education Fund in 1940.
Joint Services Publication 440 ("JSP 440") is the name of a British 2001 Ministry of Defence 2,400-page restricted security manual, detailing the requirements for units with regards to all areas of security both physical and electronic.
Jonathan L. Zittrain (born 24 December 1969) is an American professor of Internet law and the George Bemis Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School.
Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is a retired Australian politician who served as the 27th Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Australian Labor Party from 2010 to 2013.
Julian Paul Assange (born Hawkins; 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer and the editor of WikiLeaks.
Julius Bär Group AG, known alternatively as Julius Baer Group Ltd., is a Swiss multinational private bank founded and based in Switzerland.
The July 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrikes were a series of air-to-ground attacks conducted by a team of two U.S. AH-64 Apache helicopters in Al-Amin al-Thaniyah, New Baghdad during the Iraqi insurgency which followed the Iraq War.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
The Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi), abbreviated officially AK Parti in Turkish, is a conservative political party in Turkey.
Kaupthing Bank (Kaupþing banki) was a major international Icelandic bank, headquartered in Reykjavík, Iceland.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm.
The Khan Shaykhun chemical attack took place on 4 April 2017 on the town of Khan Shaykhun in the Idlib Governorate of Syria.
The Kissinger Cables are 1.7 million United States diplomatic and intelligence records dating from 1973 to 1976 that WikiLeaks republished in April 2013.
Kristinn Hrafnsson (born 25 June 1962) is an Icelandic investigative journalist known for his former role as spokesperson for the WikiLeaks organisation between 2010 and 2017.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Le Point is a French weekly political and news magazine published in Paris, France.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
On 24 July 2010, a crowd disaster at the 2010 Love Parade electronic dance music festival in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, caused the death of 21 people from suffocation.
Lumen, formerly Chilling Effects, is a collaborative archive created by Wendy Seltzer and founded along with several law school clinics and the Electronic Frontier Foundation to protect lawful online activity from legal threats.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mark Howard Stephens CBE (born 7 April 1957) is an English solicitor specialising in media law, intellectual property rights and human rights with the firm Howard Kennedy LLP.
Mastercard Incorporated (stylized as MasterCard from 1979 to 2016 and mastercard since 2016) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Mastercard International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York, United States.
Microsoft Edge (codename "Spartan") is a web browser developed by Microsoft and included in Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile and Xbox One, replacing Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Michael Richard Pompeo (born December 30, 1963) is an American politician, attorney and former United States Army officer serving as the 70th and current United States Secretary of State since 2018.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
Mirror websites or mirrors are replicas of other websites.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
is one of the largest keiretsu in Japan and one of the largest corporate groups in the world.
The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
The Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF–I), often referred to as the coalition forces, was a military command during the 2003 invasion of Iraq and much of the ensuing Iraq War, led by the United States of America (Operation Iraqi Freedom), United Kingdom (Operation TELIC), Australia, Spain and Poland, responsible for conducting and handling military operations.
Seth Conrad Rich (January 3, 1989 – July 10, 2016) was an American employee of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) who was fatally shot in the Bloomingdale neighborhood of Washington, D.C., the shooting was still under investigation by the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department.
The National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA), was founded in 1940 when John H. Sengstacke, of the Chicago Defender, organized a meeting with other African-American publishers intended for "harmonizing our energies in a common purpose for the benefit of Negro journalism." The group decided to form the National Negro Publishers Association. In 1956, the trade association was renamed the National Newspaper Publishers Association.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The New Life Children’s Refuge case was a legal case about an incident which occurred in the chaotic aftermath of the January 12th 2010 Haiti earthquake.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
New York Times Co.
A news leak is the unsanctioned release of confidential information to news media.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa KOGF GCB (born 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA), is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to or by third parties.
In international relations, non-state actors (NSAs) are individuals and groups that hold influence and which are wholly or partly independent of state governments.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Norman Bertram Coleman Jr., (born August 17, 1949) is an American lobbyist, attorney, and politician.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Nuclear disarmament is the act of reducing or eliminating nuclear weapons.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
An offshore financial centre (OFC) is a jurisdiction specializing in providing corporate and commercial services, such as offshore banking licenses (international banking license) or the incorporation of offshore companies (international business companies).
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
An online petition (or Internet petition, or e-petition) is a form of petition which is signed online, usually through a form on a website.
Open government is the governing doctrine which holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight.
The open society was conceived in 1932 by French philosopher Henri Bergson.
Opera Software AS is a Norwegian software company, primarily known for its desktop Opera web browser, and mobile web browser Opera Mini.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.
OVH is a French cloud computing company that offers VPS, dedicated servers and other web services.
Palantir Technologies is a private American software and services company which specializes in big data analytics.
The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities.
A passphrase is a sequence of words or other text used to control access to a computer system, program or data.
A pastebin or text storage site is a type of online content hosting service where users can store plain text, e.g. to source code snippets for code review via Internet Relay Chat (IRC).
Paul Moreira (born 1961 near Lisbon, Portugal) is a French journalist and documentary filmmaker.
PayPal Holdings, Inc. is an American company operating a worldwide online payments system that supports online money transfers and serves as an electronic alternative to traditional paper methods like cheques and money orders.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Peter-Service (Russian: Петер-Сервис) — a billing company in Russia that provided the first Russian billing system for mobile operators.
Pionen is a former civil defence center built in the White Mountains Södermalm borough of Stockholm, Sweden in 1943 to protect essential government functions from nuclear strike.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, also known simply as the "PG", is the largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
Politico, known earlier as The Politico, is an American political journalism company based in Arlington County, Virginia, that covers politics and policy in the United States and internationally.
The Poynter Institute for Media Studies is a non-profit school for journalism located in St. Petersburg, Florida.
Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
PeRiQuito AB (PRQ) is a Swedish Internet service provider and web hosting company created in 2004.
Ríkisútvarpið (RÚV) (pronounced or) ('The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service') is Iceland's national public-service broadcasting organization.
Reactions to the United States diplomatic cables leak, published by wikiLeaks at the end of November, 2014, included stark criticism, anticipation, commendation, strong support for, as well as outright threats against people involved in the leak, satire, and quiescence.
Relaxnews is a French news agency dedicated to leisure news.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
Rudolf Elmer (born 1 November 1955) is a Swiss private banker, whistleblower, and activist.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election in order to increase political instability in the United States and to damage Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign by bolstering the candidacies of Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders and Jill Stein.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salon is an American news and opinion website, created by David Talbot in 1995 and currently owned by the Salon Media Group.
The Sam Adams Award is given annually to an intelligence professional who has taken a stand for integrity and ethics.
Sarah Harrison (born 1982) is a British journalist, legal researcher, and WikiLeaks section editor.
Sarah Louise Palin (née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009.
The Sarah Palin email hack occurred on September 16, 2008, during the 2008 United States presidential election campaign when the Yahoo! personal email account of vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin was subjected to unauthorized access.
Scientology is a body of religious beliefs and practices launched in May 1952 by American author L. Ron Hubbard (1911–86).
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
A server log is a log file (or several files) automatically created and maintained by a server consisting of a list of activities it performed.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 2.0" features.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as.
SORM (lit) is the technical specification for lawful interception interfaces of telecommunications and telephone networks operating in Russia.
In journalism, a source is a person, publication, or other record or document that gives timely information.
Stratfor is an American geopolitical intelligence platform and publisher founded in 1996 in Austin, Texas, by George Friedman, who was the company's chairman.
Stuxnet is a malicious computer worm, first uncovered in 2010.
The Sundance Film Festival, a program of the Sundance Institute, takes place annually in Park City, Utah.
The Sunlight Foundation is an American 501(c)(3) nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that advocates for open government.
On 5 July 2012, WikiLeaks began publishing what it called the Syria Files, a collection of more than two million emails from Syrian political figures and ministries and from companies including Finmeccanica and Brown Lloyd James dating from August 2006 to March 2012.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
TechEye is a British technology news and opinion website.
TED Conferences, LLC (Technology, Entertainment, Design) is a media organization that posts talks online for free distribution, under the slogan "ideas worth spreading".
Ted Hearne (born 1982) is an American composer, singer and conductor.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Andrew Marr Show is an hour-long British television programme broadcast on BBC One on Sunday mornings from 9am.
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hill is an American political newspaper and website published in Washington, D.C. since 1994.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Moscow Times is an English-language weekly newspaper published in Moscow, with a circulation of 55,000 copies.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Source is an oratorio by American composer Ted Hearne, with libretto by Mark Doten.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
The World Today is a midday current affairs program which delivers national and international news and analysis to radio and online audiences nationally and throughout the region.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
Trafigura Pte Ltd is a Singaporean multinational commodity trading company founded in 1993 that trades in base metals and energy, including oil.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, and United States signed on 4 February 2016, which was not ratified as required and did not take effect.
Transparency, as used in science, engineering, business, the humanities and in other social contexts, is operating in such a way that it is easy for others to see what actions are performed.
Triple parentheses or triple brackets, also known as an (((echo))), are an antisemitic symbol that has been used to highlight the names of individuals of a Jewish background, or organizations who are thought to be owned by Jewish people.
The Tunisian Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance, including a series of street demonstrations taking place in Tunisia, and led to the ousting of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
Turkish Identification Number (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Kimlik Numarası or abbreviated as T.C. Kimlik No.) is a unique personal identification number that is assigned to every citizen of Turkey.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
The titles Special Rapporteur, Independent Expert, and Working Group Member are given to individuals working on behalf of the United Nations (UN) within the scope of "special procedure" mechanisms who have a specific country or thematic mandate from the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States diplomatic cables leak, widely known as Cablegate, began on Sunday, 28 November 2010 when WikiLeaks—a non-profit organization that publishes submissions from anonymous whistleblowers—began releasing classified cables that had been sent to the U.S. State Department by 274 of its consulates, embassies, and diplomatic missions around the world.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citations, S.D.N.Y.) is a federal district court.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, also known as UNC, UNC Chapel Hill, the University of North Carolina, or simply Carolina, is a public research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.
The University of Sydney (informally, USyd or USYD) is an Australian public research university in Sydney, Australia.
Valitor is an acquirer, card issuer and payment gateway solutions company headquartered in Hafnarfjörður, Iceland.
Vault 7 is a series of documents that WikiLeaks began to publish on 7 March 2017, that detail activities and capabilities of the United States Central Intelligence Agency to perform electronic surveillance and cyber warfare.
Verdens Gang ("The course of the world"), generally known under the abbreviation VG, is a foreign-owned Norwegian tabloid newspaper.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Visa Inc. (also known as Visa, stylized as VISA) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Foster City, California, United States.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
The Wau Holland Foundation (German: Wau Holland Stiftung; WHS) is a nonprofit foundation based in Hamburg, Germany.
We Steal Secrets: The Story of WikiLeaks is a 2013 American independent documentary film about the organization started by Julian Assange, and people involved in the collection and distribution of secret information and media by whistleblowers.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.
A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser.
Wikia, also known as FANDOM (fully FANDOM powered by Wikia) and formerly known as Wikicities, is a wiki hosting service.
The WikiLeaks-related Twitter court orders were United States Department of Justice 2703(d) orders (so-called because they are authorized by USC 18 2703(d)) accompanied by gag orders (authorized by USC 18 2705(b), both as differentiated from subpoenas and national security letters) issued to Twitter in relation to ongoing investigations of WikiLeaks issued on 14 December 2010.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Wire transfer, bank transfer or credit transfer is a method of electronic funds transfer from one person or entity to another.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
Yochai Benkler (born 1964) is an Israeli-American author and the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School.
A zero-day (also known as 0-day) vulnerability is a computer-software vulnerability that is unknown to those who would be interested in mitigating the vulnerability (including the vendor of the target software).
Zeynep Tufekci (Zeynep Tüfekçi) is a Turkish writer, academic, and techno-sociologist known primarily for her research on the social implications of emerging technologies in the context of politics and corporate responsibility.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump was a health crisis in Ivory Coast in which a ship registered in Panama, the Probo Koala, chartered by the Singaporean-based oil and commodity shipping company Trafigura Beheer BV, offloaded toxic waste to an Ivorian waste handling company which disposed of it at the port of Abidjan.
The 2008 Peru oil scandal started after a Peruvian TV station broadcast an audio tape of an alleged conversation between a government official and a lobbyist agreeing to help a firm win contracts.
The Icelandic financial crisis was a major economic and political event in Iceland that involved the default of all three of the country's major privately owned commercial banks in late 2008, following their difficulties in refinancing their short-term debt and a run on deposits in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
The 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak is a collection of Democratic National Committee (DNC) emails stolen by Russian intelligence agency hackers and subsequently published (leaked) by DCLeaks in June and July 2016 and by WikiLeaks on July 22, 2016, during the 2016 Democratic National Convention.
On 15 July 2016, a coup d'état was attempted in Turkey against state institutions, including the government and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
The 2016–present purges in Turkey are an ongoing series of purges by the government of Turkey enabled by a state of emergency in reaction to the 15 July failed ''coup d'état''.
The 2017 Macron e-mail leaks were leaks of more than 20,000 e-mails related to the campaign of Emmanuel Macron during the 2017 French presidential elections, two days before the final vote.
A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code.
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