159 relations: Adolf Albin, Adolf Anderssen, Adolf Schwarz, Alexander Halprin, American Chess Congress, Amos Burn, Augustus Mongredien, Austrian Empire, Éditions Robert Laffont, Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden 1870 chess tournament, Baltimore, Beniamino Vergani, Berlin 1881 chess tournament, Bernhard Horwitz, Berthold Englisch, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Bohemia, British Chess Magazine, Brooklyn, Carl August Walbrodt, Carl Hamppe, Carl Schlechter, Cecil Valentine De Vere, Celso Golmayo Zúpide, Cemetery of the Evergreens, Chess, ChessCafe.com, Chessgames.com, Chessmetrics, Cologne, Combination (chess), Curt von Bardeleben, Czech Republic, Daniel Harrwitz, David Graham Baird, Dawid Janowski, Dion Martinez, Draw (chess), Dublin, Dundee, Eduard Jenay, Emanuel Lasker, Emanuel Schiffers, Emil Schallopp, Eugène Rousseau (chess player), Everyman Chess, Frederick Deacon, Garry Kasparov, ..., Géza Maróczy, Georg Marco, George Alcock MacDonnell, George Henry Mackenzie, German Chess Championship, Ghetto, Guinea (coin), Gustav Neumann, Hans Kmoch, Harry Nelson Pillsbury, Hastings, Hastings 1895 chess tournament, Havana, Henry Bird (chess player), Herbert William Trenchard, Hieronim Czarnowski, Horatio Caro, Howard Staunton, Ignatz Kolisch, International Chess Magazine, Isidor Gunsberg, Israel Albert Horowitz, Jackson Showalter, Jacques Mieses, James Mason (chess player), Jeremy Silman, Johann Berger, Johannes Minckwitz, Johannes Zukertort, John Owen (chess player), Joseph Henry Blackburne, Jules Arnous de Rivière, Karl Pitschel, Kingdom of Bohemia, Leopold Hoffer, London, London 1851 chess tournament, London 1862 chess tournament, London 1883 chess tournament, Louis Paulsen, Ludwig Bledow, Manhattan Psychiatric Center, Martin Severin From, Mathematics, Max Euwe, Max Fleissig, Max Lange, Max Weiss, Mikhail Chigorin, Montreal, Moritz Porges, Moscow, My Great Predecessors, N M Rothschild & Sons, New Orleans, New York (state), New York City, Nuremberg, Nuremberg 1896 chess tournament, Oscar Gelbfuhs, Paris, Paris 1867 chess tournament, Paul Lipke, Paul Morphy, Pawn structure, Philadelphia, Philipp Meitner, Prague, Reuben Fine, Richard Teichmann, Romantic chess, Rostov-on-Don, Rudolf Charousek, S. Lipschütz, Sacrifice (chess), Saint Petersburg, Sam Loyd, Samuel Rosenthal, Samuel Tinsley, Semyon Alapin, Serafino Dubois, Siegbert Tarrasch, Simultaneous exhibition, St. Louis, St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Steinitz Variation, Syphilis, Szymon Winawer, Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa, The Field (magazine), The New York Times, Tigran Petrosian, TU Wien, United States, Vienna, Vienna 1873 chess tournament, Vienna 1882 chess tournament, Vienna 1898 chess tournament, Vladimir Kramnik, Wilhelm Cohn, William Ewart Napier, William H. K. Pollock, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1886, World Chess Championship 1889, World Chess Championship 1891, World Chess Championship 1892, World Chess Championship 1894, World Chess Championship 1897. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Albin (14 September 1848 – 1 February 1920) was a Romanian chess player.
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Adolf Schwarz (31 October 1836, Gálszécs, Hungary, now Sečovce, Slovakia – 25 October 1910, Vienna) was an Austria-Hungarian chess master.
Alexander Halprin (21 March 1868, Saint Petersburg – 20 May 1921, Vienna) was a Russian–Austrian chess master.
The American Chess Congress was a series of chess tournaments held in the United States, a predecessor to the current U.S. Chess Championship.
Amos Burn (1848–1925) was an English chess player, one of the world's leading players at the end of the 19th century, and a chess writer.
Augustus Mongredien (1807–1888) was a corn merchant, also known as a political economist and writer.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
Éditions Robert Laffont is a book publishing company in France founded in 1941 by Robert Laffont.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
The 1870 chess tournament in Baden-Baden can be regarded as the first strong tournament.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Beniamino Vergani (Montebelluna, 2 June 1863 – 15 July 1927) was an Italian chess master.
The Deutscher Schachbund (DSB, the German Chess Federation) had been founded in Leipzig on July 18, 1877.
Bernhard Horwitz (1807 in Neustrelitz – 1885) was a German chess master and chess writer.
Berthold Englisch (9 July 1851, Hotzenplotz – 19 October 1897, Vienna) was a leading Austrian chess master.
Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
Carl August Walbrodt (November 28, 1871, Amsterdam – October 3, 1902, Berlin) was a German chess master.
Carl Hamppe (born 1814, Switzerland – died 17 May 1876, Gersau, Canton of Schwyz) was a senior government official in Vienna as well as a Swiss-Austrian chess master and theoretician.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Cecil Valentine De Vere (14 February 1846 in London – 9 February 1875 in Torquay) was the winner of the first official British Chess Championship, in 1866.
Celso Golmayo y Zúpide (24 April 1820, Logroño, Spain – 1 April 1898, Havana) was a Spanish–Cuban chess master.
The Cemetery of the Evergreens is a non-denominational cemetery in Brooklyn and Queens, New York, colloquially called Evergreen Cemetery.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
ChessCafe.com is a website that publishes endgame studies, book reviews and other articles related to chess on a weekly basis.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
Chessmetrics is a system for rating chess players devised by Jeff Sonas.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
Curt von Bardeleben (4 March 1861 in Berlin – in Berlin) was a German chess master, journalist, and member of the German nobility.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Daniel Harrwitz (29 April 1823 – 9 January 1884) was a Jewish German chess master.
David Graham Baird (3 December 1854 in New York City – 8 October 1913 in Elizabeth, New Jersey) was an American chess master.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
Dión M. Martínez (26 June 1837 – 11 March 1928) was a Cuban–born American chess master.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dundee (Dùn Dè) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.
Eduard Jenay was an Austrian chess master.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Emanuel (Emmanuel) Stepanovich Schiffers (Эммануил Степанович Шифферс; –) was a Russian chess player and chess writer.
Emil Schallopp (1 August 1843, Friesack, Germany – 9 April 1919, Berlin) was a German chess player and author.
Eugène Rousseau (c. 1810 in St. Denis, France – 1870) was a French chess master.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
Frederick Deacon (January 1829 – 20 November 1875, in Brixton, London) was a British chess master.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
Georg Marco (29 November 1863 – 29 August 1923) was an Austrian chess player.
George Alcock MacDonnell (16 August 1830 in Dublin – 3 June 1899 in London) was an Anglican clergyman as well as a chess master and writer.
George Henry Mackenzie (24 March 1837, North Kessock, Scotland – 14 April 1891, New York City) was a Scottish-American chess master.
The German Chess Championship has been played since 1861, and determines the national champion.
A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, typically as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure.
The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.
Gustav Richard Ludwig Neumann (15 December 1838 – 16 February 1881) was a German chess master.
Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.
Harry Nelson Pillsbury (December 5, 1872 – June 17, 1906) was a leading American chess player.
Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of the county town of Lewes and south east of London.
The Hastings 1895 chess tournament was a round-robin tournament of chess conducted in Hastings, England from August 5 to September 2, 1895.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Herbert William Trenchard (8 September 1857, Thorncombe – 15 April 1934, London) was an English chess master.
Hieronim Ignacy Czarnowski (January 1834 – 28 December 1902) was a Polish chess master and activist.
Horatio Caro (5 July 1862 – 15 December 1920) was an English chess master.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Baron Ignatz von Kolisch (6 April 1837 – 30 April 1889), also Baron Ignaz von Kolisch (German) or báró Kolisch Ignác (Hungarian), was a merchant, journalist and chess master with Jewish roots. Kolisch was born into a Jewish family in Pressburg. Both in business and as a chess player he was eminently successful. In his early years he moved to Vienna, then spent a year in Italy. In 1859 he arrived in Paris and in 1860-62 mostly sojourned in London. In summer 1862 he accompanied the Russian Count Kushelev-Bezborodko to St. Petersburg, where he won a match against Shumov. Later he moved to Paris and in 1869 to Vienna. He became involved in banking and became a millionaire and chess patron, organizing and sponsoring important chess tournaments in the 1870s and 1880s. He founded the Wiener Börse-Syndikatskasse in 1869, and in 1873 established a commission house in Paris; and by prudent management he acquired considerable wealth. In 1881 he received the title of baron from Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. As a chess player, Kolisch soon became known for his brilliant and aggressive style, but he was not a frequent participant in tournaments. In 1860 he won the first prize at the international tournament held at Cambridge, England. In 1861 he lost a match to Adolf Anderssen, the strongest player of the day, by a score of 5–4. The same year, he drew a match with Louis Paulsen. In 1867 at the Paris tournament he secured first place, defeating both Szymon Winawer and Wilhelm Steinitz. Kolisch was the founder and editor-in-chief of the Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung, to which, under the pseudonym "Ideka", he contributed many feuilletons. The protagonist in the short story "The chessbaron" (A sakkbáró) by Ferenc Móra is based on him. He died of kidney failure in 1889.
International Chess Magazine (ICM) was a chess magazine established in 1885 by World Chess Champion Wilhelm Steinitz.
Isidor Arthur Gunsberg (1 November 1854 – 2 May 1930) was a Hungarian chess player, best known for narrowly losing the 1891 World Chess Championship match to Wilhelm Steinitz.
Israel Albert Horowitz (often known as I. A. Horowitz or Al Horowitz) (November 15, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York – January 18, 1973) was a Jewish-American International Master of chess.
Jackson Whipps Showalter (February 5, 1859 in Minerva, Kentucky – February 5, 1935 in Lexington, Kentucky) was a five-time U.S. Chess Champion: 1890, 1892, 1892–1894, 1895-1896 and 1906–1909.
Jacques Mieses (born Jakob Mieses; 27 February 1865 – 23 February 1954) was a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer.
James Mason (November 19, 1849 – January 12, 1905) was an Irish-born chess player, journalist and writer, who became one of the world's best half-dozen players in the 1880s.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
Johann Nepomuk Berger (11 April 1845, Graz – 17 October 1933) was an Austrian chess master, theorist, endgame study composer, author and editor.
Johannes Minckwitz (April 11, 1843, Leipzig – May 20, 1901, Biebrich) was a German chess player and author.
Johannes Hermann Zukertort (Polish: Jan Hermann Cukiertort; 7 September 1842 – 20 June 1888) was a leading German-Polish chess master.
John Owen (8 April 1827 in Marchington – 24 November 1901 in Twickenham) was an English vicar and strong amateur chess master.
Joseph Henry Blackburne (10 December 1841 – 1 September 1924), nicknamed "The Black Death", dominated British chess during the latter part of the 19th century.
Jules Arnous de Rivière (4 May 1830, Nantes – 11 September 1905, Paris) was the strongest French chess player from the late 1850s through the late 1870s.
Karl (Carl) Pitschel (1829 – 29 January 1883) was an Austrian chess master.
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.
Leopold Hoffer (1842 in Hungary – 28 August 1913 in England) was an English chess player and journalist.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.
An international chess tournament was held in London, during the second British world exhibition, in 1862.
The London 1883 chess tournament was a strong chess tournament among most of the leading players of the day.
Louis Paulsen (15 January 1833 in Gut Nassengrund near Blomberg, Principality of Lippe – 18 August 1891) was a German chess player.
Dr Ludwig Erdmann Bledow (27 July 1795, Berlin – 6 August 1846, Berlin) was a German chess master and chess organizer (co-founder of the Berlin Pleiades).
The Manhattan Psychiatric Center is a New York-state run psychiatric hospital on Wards Island in New York City.
Martin Severin Janus From (8 April 1828 – 6 May 1895) was a Danish chess master.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Miksa (Max) Fleissig (10 November 1845, in Csenger – 23 January 1919) was a Hungarian-born Austrian chess master.
Max Lange (August 7, 1832, Magdeburg – December 8, 1899, Leipzig) was a German chess player and problem composer.
Miksa (Max) Weisz (21 July 1857 – 14 March 1927) was an Austrian chess player born in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moritz Porges (1857 – 1909) was a Jewish Czech chess player.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
N M Rothschild & Sons Limited or Rothschild Group (commonly referred to as Rothschild) is a British multinational investment banking company controlled by the Rothschild family.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The tournament at Nürnberg 1896 should have become 10.
Oscar Gelbfuhs (November 9, 1852 in Šternberk, Moravia – September 27, 1877 in Cieszyn, Austrian Silesia) was a Moravian-Austrian chess master.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
World exhibitions became a new phenomenon in the West in the nineteenth century.
Paul Lipke (30 June 1870 – 8 March 1955) was a German chess master.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philipp Meitner (24 August 1839, Vienna – 9 December 1910, Vienna) was an Austrian lawyer and chess master.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Richard Teichmann (24 December 1868 – 15 June 1925) was a German chess master.
Romantic chess was the style of chess prevalent from the late 15th century until the 1880s.
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
Rudolf Charousek (Charousek Rezső; September 19, 1873 in Klein Lometz, Bohemia – April 18, 1900 in Budapest) was a Czech born Hungarian chess player.
Samuel (Sml) or Salomon (Slm) Lipschütz (July 4, 1863 in Ungvár, Ung County – November 30, 1905 in Hamburg) was a chess player and author.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel Loyd (January 30, 1841 – April 10, 1911), born in Philadelphia and raised in New York City, was an American chess player, chess composer, puzzle author, and recreational mathematician.
Samuel Rosenthal (7 September 1837, Suwałki, then Russian Empire – 12 September 1902, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France) was a Jewish chess master.
Samuel Tinsley (13 January 1847 – 26 February 1903) was an English chess player and writer born in South Mimms, Hertfordshire.
Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; in Saint Petersburg – 15 July 1923 in Heidelberg) was a chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer.
Serafino Dubois (10 October 1817 – 15 January 1899) was an Italian chess Master and chess writer.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
A Steinitz Variation is any of several chess openings introduced and practiced, or adopted and advocated by Wilhelm Steinitz, the first officially recognized World Chess Champion.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
Szymon Abramowicz Winawer (Warsaw, March 6, 1838 – Warsaw, November 29, 1919) was a leading chess player who won the German Chess Championship in 1883.
Tassilo, Baron von Heydebrand und der Lasa (known in English as "Baron von der Lasa", 17 October 1818, Berlin – 27 July 1899, Storchnest near Lissa, Greater Poland, then German Empire) was an important German chess master, chess historian and theoretician of the nineteenth century, a member of the Berlin Chess Club and a founder of the Berlin Chess School (the Berlin Pleiades).
The Field is the world's oldest country and field sports magazine, having been published continuously since 1853.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
TU Wien (Technische Universität Wien; formerly: k.k. Polytechnisches Institut, Imperial and Royal Polytechnic Institute from 1815–1872; Technische Hochschule (TH Wien), College of Technology from 1872–1975; Vienna University of Technology from 1975–2014) is one of the major universities in Vienna, the capital of Austria.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Vienna 1873 chess tournament was a side event of the world exhibition of 1873 (the fifth since the first Great Exhibition in London in 1851).
The second international Vienna 1882 chess tournament was one of the longest and strongest chess tournaments ever played.
The tournament celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria's accession to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Wilhelm Cohn (וילהלם קוהן, February 6, 1859, Berlin – August 17, 1913, Charlottenburg) was a German chess master.
William Ewart Napier (17 January 1881 in East Dulwich, Surrey - 6 September 1952 in Washington, D.C.) was an American chess master of English birth.
William Henry Krause Pollock (21 February 1859 in Cheltenham – 5 October 1896 in Clifton, England) was an English chess master, and a surgeon.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The World Chess Championship 1886 was the first official World Chess Championship match contested by Wilhelm Steinitz and Johannes Zukertort.
The World Chess Championship 1889 was the second official World Chess Championship, and was between Wilhelm Steinitz and Mikhail Chigorin.
The third World Chess Championship was held in New York City in late 1890 and early 1891.
The fourth World Chess Championship was held in Havana between January 1 and February 28, 1892.
The fifth World Chess Championship was held in New York City (games 1-8), Philadelphia (games 9-11) and Montreal (games 12-19) between March 15 and May 26, 1894.
Emanuel Lasker defended the World Chess Championship for the first time in Moscow between November 6, 1896, and January 14, 1897.