224 relations: Abdication, Academic degree, Act of Settlement 1701, Aide-de-camp, Air commodore, Alexander Pechtold, Alexander, Prince of Orange, Amsberg, Argent, Argentina, Armando Guebuza, Armgard von Cramm, Arrow, Associated Press, Atlantic College, Azure (heraldry), Baarn, Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm, Baroness Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen, Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff-Driburg, Basques, BBC News, Beatrix of the Netherlands, Berenberg family, Boeing 737, Boeing 747, Brigadier general, By the Grace of God, Captain at sea, Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange, Catherine the Great, Charles de Gaulle, Claus Felix von Amsberg, Coat of arms of the Netherlands, Colonel, Commander, Commodore (rank), Coronet, Council of State (Netherlands), De Volkskrant, Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, District court, Doctorandus, Drakensteyn Castle, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Dutch language, Dutch Reformed Church, Dutch royal house, Elfstedentocht, ..., Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, English language, Ensign (rank), Ermine (heraldry), Ernest, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Felipe VI of Spain, Ferdinand von Bismarck, Fighter pilot, Flags of the Dutch royal family, Fokker 70, Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, French language, George II of Great Britain, German language, German nobility, Germans, Germany, Grenadiers' and Rifles Guard Regiment, Gules, Head of state, Heir apparent, History, House of Hohenzollern, House of Lippe, House of Nassau, House of Orange-Nassau, Huis ten Bosch palace, Ice skating, Inauguration of the Dutch monarch, International Baccalaureate, International Olympic Committee, Investment banking, Italians, Jelle Zijlstra, Jonkheer, Jorge Zorreguieta, Juliana of the Netherlands, Karoline of Wartensleben, Kingdom of the Netherlands, KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Kortenaer-class frigate, Kranidi, Lage Vuursche, Lawsuit, Legion of Honour, Leiden University, Lieutenant (junior grade), Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant commander, Lion (heraldry), List of monarchs of the Netherlands, List of post-nominal letters (Brunei), Low Countries, Machangulo, Major, Margrethe II of Denmark, Mark Rutte, Master of Arts, Military Order of William, Ministry of Defence (Netherlands), Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Mozambique, National Order of Merit (France), National Reorganization Process, NATO, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands Government Information Service, New York City Marathon, Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam, NRC Handelsblad, Olympic Order, Or (heraldry), Order for Loyalty and Merit, Order of Adolphe of Nassau, Order of Chula Chom Klao, Order of Isabella the Catholic, Order of Leopold (Belgium), Order of Merit (Chile), Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Order of Oman, Order of Orange-Nassau, Order of Prince Henry, Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg), Order of St. Olav, Order of the Aztec Eagle, Order of the Chrysanthemum, Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Order of the Crown (Belgium), Order of the Crown (Netherlands), Order of the Elephant, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Order of the House of Orange, Order of the Liberator, Order of the Liberator General San Martín, Order of the Netherlands Lion, Order of the Oak Crown, Order of the Southern Cross, Order of the Three Stars, Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Order of Vytautas the Great, Patrilineality, Paul I of Russia, Philippe of Belgium, Politics of the Netherlands, Pope Francis, Portuguese people, Preamble, President of France, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Prince Bernhard of Lippe (1872–1934), Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, Prince of Orange, Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess Augusta of Great Britain, Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Principality of Orange, Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Protestant Church in the Netherlands, Queen Máxima of the Netherlands, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, Reformatorisch Dagblad, Reservist, Royal Highness, Royal insignia, Royal Marechaussee, Royal Naval College (Netherlands), Royal Netherlands Air Force, Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Sean Connery, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Sky News, Spanish language, Sports Illustrated, Squadron leader, States General of the Netherlands, Style of the Dutch sovereign, Sub-lieutenant, Succession to the Crown Act 2013, Sword, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, The Daily Telegraph, The Hague, Tromp-class frigate, Trouw, Union of Utrecht, United Kingdom, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Van Buren (surname), Von, Wales, Wassenaar, Water resource management, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Willemstad, William I of the Netherlands, William III of the Netherlands, William the Silent, World Bank, 125th IOC Session, 1928 Summer Olympics, 2028 Summer Olympics. Expand index (174 more) » « Shrink index
Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
An aide-de-camp (French expression meaning literally helper in the military camp) is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank, usually a senior military, police or government officer, a member of a royal family, or a head of state.
Air commodore (abbreviated as Air Cdre in the RAF, IAF and PAF; AIRCDRE in the RNZAF and RAAF) is a one-star rank and the most junior general rank of the air-officer which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
Alexander Pechtold (born 16 December 1965) is a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party.
Alexander, Prince of Orange (Willem Alexander Karel Hendrik Frederik; 25 August 1851 – 21 June 1884), was heir apparent to his father King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death.
Amsberg (von Amsberg, van Amsberg) is the name of a German noble family from Mecklenburg.
In heraldry, argent is the tincture of silver, and belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals." It is very frequently depicted as white and usually considered interchangeable with it.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Armando Emílio Guebuza (born 20 January 1943) is a Mozambican politician who was President of Mozambique from 2005 to 2015.
Armgard von Cramm (Armgard Kunigunde Alharda Agnes Oda von Cramm; 18 December 188327 April 1971) was the mother of Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.
An arrow is a fin-stabilized projectile that is launched via a bow, and usually consists of a long straight stiff shaft with stabilizers called fletchings, as well as a weighty (and usually sharp and pointed) arrowhead attached to the front end, and a slot at the rear end called nock for engaging bowstring.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Atlantic College or the United World College of the Atlantic or UWC Atlantic College is an international IB Diploma Programme independent (private) residential Sixth Form College in the Vale of Glamorgan in Wales.
In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours".
Baarn is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.
Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm (Freiherr Aschwin von Sierstorpff-Cramm; 29 March 184614 October 1909) was the maternal grandfather of Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.
Baroness Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen (Freiin Gösta Julie Adelheid Marion Marie von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen; 26 January 1902 – 13 June 1996) was the mother of Prince Claus of the Netherlands, who was the Prince Consort of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, thus making her the mother-in-law of the former Dutch Queen.
Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff-Driburg (Freiin Sophia Bernardina Luise Friederika Hedwig von Sierstorpf-Driburg; 22 November 184810 January 1900) was the maternal grandmother of Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard,; born 31 January 1938) is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.
The Berenberg family (Dutch for "bear mountain") was a Flemish-origined Hanseatic family of merchants, bankers and senators in Hamburg, with branches in London, Livorno and other European cities.
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range twinjet narrow-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
By the Grace of God (Latin Dei Gratia, abbreviated D.G.) is an introductory part of the full styles of a monarch historically considered to be ruling by divine right, not a title in its own right.
Captain at sea is a naval rank corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship.
Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (Catharina-Amalia Beatrix Carmen Victoria; born 7 December 2003), is the heir apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of the countries of the Netherlands, Curaçao, Aruba, and Sint Maarten.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Klaus Felix von Amsberg (Klaus Felix Friedrich Leopold Gabriel Archim Julius August von Amsberg; 1 September 1890 – 19 December 1953) was a member of the German Niederer Adel (lower nobility) and father of Prince Claus of the Netherlands, who was the father of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, thus making him the paternal grandfather of the current Dutch monarch.
The coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands was originally adopted in 1815 and later modified in 1907.
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank.
Commodore is a naval rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral.
In English, a coronet is a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring.
The Council of State (Raad van State) is a constitutionally established advisory body in the Netherlands to the government and States General that officially consists of members of the royal family and Crown-appointed members generally having political, commercial, diplomatic or military experience.
de Volkskrant (The People's Paper) is a Dutch daily morning newspaper.
The Netherlands Antilles was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations.
Doctorandus, abbreviated drs., is a Dutch academic title according to the pre-Bachelor–Master system.
Drakensteyn Castle (Dutch: Drakensteyn, sometimes Drakesteijn or Drakestein) is a small castle at 8 Slotlaan in the hamlet of Lage Vuursche, in the municipality of Baarn, Netherlands.
The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a duchy in northern Germany created in 1701, when Frederick William and Adolphus Frederick II divided the Duchy of Mecklenburg between Schwerin and Strelitz.
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (German: Heinrich Wladimir Albrecht Ernst; Dutch: Hendrik Wladimir Albrecht Ernst; 19 April 1876 – 3 July 1934) was prince consort of the Netherlands as the husband of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.
In the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the monarchy is a constitutional office and is controlled by the constitution of the Netherlands.
The Elfstedentocht (West Frisian: Alvestêdetocht, English: Eleven cities tour) is a skating tour, almost long, which is held both as a speed skating competition (with 300 contestants) and a leisure tour (with 16,000 skaters).
Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont (2 August 1858 – 20 March 1934) was Queen consort of the Netherlands and Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg by marriage to King-Grand Duke William III.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.
Ermine in heraldry is a "fur", a type of tincture, consisting of a white background with a pattern of black shapes representing the winter coat of the stoat (a species of weasel with white fur and a black-tipped tail).
Ernst, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld (Ernst Kasimir Friedrich Karl Eberhard; 9 June 1842 – 26 September 1904) was the head of the Lippe-Biesterfeld line of the House of Lippe.
Felipe VI (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain.
Ferdinand Herbord Ivar, Prince von Bismarck (German: Ferdinand Herbord Ivar Fürst von Bismarck; born November 22, 1930 in London) is a German landowner and lawyer and the Prince of Bismarck since 1975.
A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraft.
The flags of the Dutch royal family are a set of flags used to identify a member of the royal family.
The Fokker 70 is a narrow-body, twin-engined, medium-range, turbofan regional airliner produced by Fokker as a smaller version of the Fokker 100.
Frederick Francis II (28 February 1823 – 15 April 1883) was a Prussian officer and Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 7 March 1842 until 15 April 1883.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The German nobility (deutscher Adel) and royalty were status groups which until 1919 enjoyed certain privileges relative to other people under the laws and customs in the German-speaking area.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Grenadiers and Rifles Guards Regiment (Garderegiment Grenadiers en Jagers) is a regiment of the Royal Netherlands Army; along with the Garderegiment Fuseliers Prinses Irene it is one of the two Dutch Guard regiments.
In heraldry, gules is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours." In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania.
The House of Lippe (Haus Lippe) is the former reigning house of a number of small German states, two of which existed until the German Revolution of 1918–19.
The House of Nassau is a diversified aristocratic dynasty in Europe.
The House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) led to an independent Dutch state.
Huis ten Bosch (Paleis Huis ten Bosch,; English: "House in the Woods palace") is a royal palace in The Hague in the Netherlands.
Ice skating is the act of motion by wearer of the ice skates to propel the participant across a sheet of ice.
Upon his or her accession to the throne, the new Dutch monarch undergoes an inauguration ceremony as required by the constitution.
The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly known as the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is an international educational foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and founded in 1968.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various finance-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Jelle Zijlstra (27 August 1918 – 23 December 2001) was a Dutch politician and economist of the now defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP), which merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) in 1977.
Jonkheer (female equivalent: jonkvrouw; French: Écuyer) is a honorific in the Low Countries denoting the lowest rank within the nobility.
Jorge Horacio Zorreguieta Stefanini (28 January 1928 – 8 August 2017) was an Argentine politician who served as Minister of Agriculture in the regime of General Jorge Rafael Videla.
Juliana (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; 30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.
Countess Karoline Friederike Cäcilie Klothilde von Wartensleben (6 April 1844 in Mannheim – 10 July 1905 in Detmold) was a German noblewoman.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden), commonly known as the Netherlands, is a sovereign state and constitutional monarchy with the large majority of its territory in Western Europe and with several small island territories in the Caribbean Sea, in the West Indies islands (Leeward Islands and Lesser Antilles).
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
KLM Cityhopper is the regional airline subsidiary of KLM, headquartered in Haarlemmermeer, North Holland, Netherlands.
The Kortenaer class was a class of anti-submarine frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
Kranidi (Κρανίδι, Katharevousa: Κρανίδιον) is a town and a former municipality in Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece.
Lage Vuursche is a village in the municipality of Baarn in the Netherlands.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.
Lieutenant (junior grade), commonly abbreviated as LTJG or, historically, Lt. (j.g.) (as well as variants of both abbreviations), is a junior commissioned officer rank of the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (NOAA Corps).
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
The lion is a common charge in heraldry.
This is a list of monarchs of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koningen der Nederlanden).
Brunei has a range of post-nominal letters denoting honours awarded to distinguished citizens.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Machangulo peninsula is situated in the southernmost part of Mozambique adjacent to Inhaca and Portuguese Islands in the Maputo Bay.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Margrethe II (Margrethe 2.,; Margreta 2.; Margrethe II; full name: Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid; born 16 April 1940) is the Queen of Denmark; as well as the supreme authority of the Church of Denmark and Commander-in-Chief of the Danish Defence.
Mark Rutte (born 14 February 1967) is a Dutch politician serving as the 50th and current Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 2010 and Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie – VVD) since 2006.
A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.
The Military William Order, or often named Military Order of William (Dutch: Militaire Willems-Orde, abbreviation: MWO), is the oldest and highest honour of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Ministry of Defence (Ministerie van Defensie; MinDef) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for the armed forces of the Netherlands and Veterans Affairs.
The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat; I&W) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Transport, Aviation, Housing policy, Public works, Spatial planning, Land management and Water Management.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
The National Order of Merit (Ordre national du Mérite) is a French order of merit with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic, founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle.
The National Reorganization Process (Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process") was the name used by its leaders for the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (abbr. NOS), English: Dutch Broadcast Foundation, is one of the broadcasting organizations making up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Netherlands Government Information Service (Dutch: Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst, abbrev.: RVD) is a Dutch government agency.
The New York City Marathon (branded TCS New York City Marathon and formerly branded ING New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.
The Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) is a 15th-century church in Amsterdam, consecrated in 1409,https://www.nieuwekerk.nl/en/de-nieuwe-kerk/history/ and located on Dam Square, next to the Royal Palace.
NRC Handelsblad, often abbreviated to NRC, is a daily evening newspaper published in the Netherlands by NRC Media.
The Olympic Order is the highest award of the Olympic Movement and is awarded for particularly distinguished contributions to the Olympic Movement, i.e. recognition of efforts worthy of merit in the cause of sport.
In heraldry, or (French for "gold") is the tincture of gold and, together with argent (silver), belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals", or light colours.
The Order for Loyalty and Merit (Orde van Trouw en Verdienste) is a house order of the Dutch Royal House of Orange-Nassau.
The Order of Civil and Military Merit of Adolph of Nassau (Ordre de Mérite civil et militaire d’Adolphe de Nassau) is an order of merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for meritorious service to the Grand Duke, the Grand-Ducal House and Luxembourg.
The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao (เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้า) was established on 16 November 1873 by King Rama V of The Kingdom of Siam (now Thailand) to commemorate the 90th Jubilee of the Chakri Dynasty, and bears his name (จุลจอมเกล้า Chula Chom Klao).
The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order in which membership is granted in recognition of services that benefit the country.
The Order of Leopold (Leopoldsorde, Ordre de Léopold) is one of the three current Belgian national honorary orders of knighthood.
The Order of Merit (Orden del Mérito) is a Chilean military order and was created in 1929.
The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the only federal decoration of Germany.
The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.
The Order of Oman (Wisam al-Oman) is the second highest order of Oman.
The Order of Orange-Nassau (Orde van Oranje-Nassau) is a civil and military Dutch order of chivalry founded on 4 April 1892 by the Queen regent Emma, acting on behalf of her under-age daughter Queen Wilhelmina.
The Order of Prince Henry the Navigator (Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique) is a Portuguese National Order of Knighthood created on 2 June 1960, to commemorate the quincentenary of the death of the Infante Henry the Navigator (known in Portuguese as Henrique), third son of King John I of Portugal and his queen, Philippa of Lancaster.
The Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Chivalric Order of Saint John of the Hospital at Jerusalem (Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens Sankt Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem), commonly known as the Order of Saint John or the Johanniter Order (German: Johanniterorden), is the German Protestant branch of the Knights Hospitaller, the oldest surviving chivalric order, which generally is considered to have been founded in Jerusalem in the year 1099 AD.
The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav (Den Kongelige Norske Sankt Olavs Orden; or Sanct Olafs Orden, the old Norwegian name) is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847.
The Order of the Aztec Eagle (Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca) forms part of the Mexican Honours System and is the highest Mexican order awarded to foreigners in the country.
is Japan's highest order.
The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk, sometimes translated as the Order of the Cross of St. Mary’s Land) was instituted by the President of Estonia, Lennart Meri, in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state.
The Order of the Crown (Ordre de la Couronne, Kroonorde) is a national order of the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Order of the Crown (Kroonorde) is a house order of the Dutch Royal House.
The Order of the Elephant (Elefantordenen) is a Danish order of chivalry and is Denmark's highest-ranked honour.
The Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau (Ordre du Lion d'Or de la Maison de Nassau, Huisorde van de Gouden Leeuw van Nassau) is a chivalric order shared by the two branches of the House of Nassau (the Ottonian and Walramian lines).
The Order of the House of Orange (Dutch: Huisorde van Oranje), sometimes referred to as the House Order of Orange, is a dynastic order of the House of Orange-Nassau, the royal family of the Netherlands similar to the Royal Victorian Order in the United Kingdom.
The Order of the Liberator was the highest distinction of Venezuela and was appointed for services to the country, outstanding merit and benefits made to the community.
The Order of the Liberator General San Martin (Orden del Libertador General San Martín) is the highest decoration in Argentina.
The Order of the Netherlands Lion, also referred to as the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands (De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw, L'Ordre du Lion Néerlandais) is a Dutch order of chivalry founded by King William I of the Netherlands on 29 September 1815.
The Order of the Oak Crown (Ordre de la Couronne de chêne, Eichenlaubkronenorden, Eechelaafkrounenuerden) is an order of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The National Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul) is a Brazilian order of chivalry founded by Emperor Pedro I on 1 December 1822.
Order of the Three Stars (Triju Zvaigžņu ordenis) is an order awarded for meritorious service to Latvia.
The Order of the White Eagle (Order Orła Białego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits.
The Order of Vytautas the Great is the Lithuanian Presidential Award.
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage.
Paul I (Па́вел I Петро́вич; Pavel Petrovich) (–) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801.
Philippe or Filip (Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria, Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria; born 15 April 1960) is the seventh King of the Belgians, having ascended the throne on 21 July 2013, following his father's abdication.
The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state.
Pope Francis (Franciscus; Francesco; Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
A preamble is an introductory and expressionary statement in a document that explains the document's purpose and underlying philosophy.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-president van Nederland) is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his quality of chair of the Council of Ministers.
Prince Bernhard of Lippe (Bernhard Kasimir Wilhelm Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Eduard; Oberkassel, 26 August 1872 – Munich, 19 June 1934) was a member of the Lippe-Biesterfeld line of the House of Lippe.
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (later Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands; German: Bernhard Friedrich Eberhard Leopold Julius Kurt Carl Gottfried Peter Graf von Biesterfeld; 29 June 1911 – 1 December 2004) was a German-born prince who was the consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands; they were the parents of four children, including the former Queen of the Netherlands, Princess Beatrix.
Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg (German: Klaus-Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg; 6 September 1926 – 6 October 2002), was the husband of Queen Beatrix, and the Prince Consort of the Netherlands from Beatrix's ascension in 1980 until his death in 2002.
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (Constantijn Christof Frederik Aschwin; born 11 October 1969) is the third and youngest son of the former Dutch queen, Beatrix, and her husband, Claus von Amsberg, and is the younger brother of the reigning Dutch king, Willem-Alexander.
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau (Johan Friso Bernhard Christiaan David van Oranje-Nassau van Amsberg; 25 September 1968 – 12 August 2013) was a younger brother of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.
Prince of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France.
Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien; born 26 June 2005) is the second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima.
Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Ariane Wilhelmina Máxima Inés; born 10 April 2007) is the third and youngest daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima.
Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain (31 July 1737 – 23 March 1813) was a British princess, granddaughter of King George II and the only elder sibling of King George III.
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Prinzessin Marie von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt; 29 January 1850 – 22 April 1922) was the consort and third wife of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
The Principality of Orange (la Principauté d'Orange) was, from 1163 to 1713, a feudal state in Provence, in the south of modern-day France, on the east bank of the river Rhone, north of the city of Avignon, and surrounded by the independent papal state of Comtat Venaissin.
The County of Waldeck (later the Principality of Waldeck and Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire and its successors from the late 12th century until 1929.
The Protestant Church in the Netherlands (Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, abbreviated PKN) is the largest Protestant denomination in the Netherlands, being both Reformed (Calvinist) and Lutheran.
Queen Máxima of the Netherlands (born Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti; 17 May 1971) is the wife of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.
Radio Netherlands Worldwide (RNW; Radio Nederland Wereldomroep) was a public radio and television network based in Hilversum, producing and transmitting programmes for international audiences outside the Netherlands.
The Reformatorisch Dagblad is a Dutch protestant newspaper with a circulation of around 60,000, headquartered in Apeldoorn.
A reservist is a person who is a member of a military reserve force.
Royal Highness (abbreviated HRH for His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness) is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses.
The royal insignia (koninklijk distinctief), Ministry of Defence, 2013.
The Koninklijke Marechaussee, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, abbreviated to KMar (English is Royal Marshals, but commonly seen as Royal Military Constabulary), is one of the four Services of the armed forces of the Netherlands.
The Royal Naval College was the service academy of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
The Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF; Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), "Royal Air Force"), is the military aviation branch of the Netherlands Armed Forces.
The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.
The Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine, “Royal Navy”) is the navy of the Netherlands.
The Royal Order of the Seraphim (Swedish: Kungliga Serafimerorden; Seraphim being a category of Angels) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star.
The Royal Palace of Amsterdam in Amsterdam (Dutch: Koninklijk Paleis van Amsterdam or Paleis op de Dam) is one of three palaces in the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch by Act of Parliament.
Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards (one of them being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award) and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award).
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Sky News is a 24-hour international multimedia news organisation based in the UK that started as a 24-hour television news channel.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Sports Illustrated is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation.
Squadron leader (Sqn Ldr in the RAF; SQNLDR in the RAAF and RNZAF; formerly sometimes S/L in all services) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).
The style of the Dutch sovereign has changed many times since the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands due to formations and dissolutions of personal unions, as well as due to marriages of female sovereigns and cognatic successions.
Sub-lieutenant is a junior military officer rank.
The Succession to the Crown Act 2013 (c. 20) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which altered the laws of succession to the British throne in accordance with the 2011 Perth Agreement.
A sword is a bladed weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger.
Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (تميم بن حمد آل ثاني; born 3 June 1980) is the current Amir of Qatar.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Tromp class were two frigates built for the Royal Netherlands Navy during the 1970s to replace the s as squadron flagships.
Trouw (fidelity) is a Dutch daily newspaper appearing in compact size.
The Union of Utrecht (Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU; Dutch: Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht) is the main hospital of the city of Utrecht, Netherlands.
Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.
Van Buren is a Dutch surname meaning "of/from Buren".
Von is a term used in German language surnames either as a nobiliary particle indicating a noble patrilineality or as a simple preposition that approximately means of or from in the case of commoners.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Wassenaar (population: in) is a municipality and town located in the province of South Holland, on the western coast of the Netherlands.
Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources.
Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.
Willemstad is the capital city of Curaçao, an island in the southern Caribbean Sea that forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
William III (Dutch: Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk; English: William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis; 19 February 1817 – 23 November 1890) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 until his death in 1890.
William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The 125th IOC Session took place at the Buenos Aires Hilton in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 7 September to 10 September 2013.
The 1928 Summer Olympics (Dutch: Olympische Zomerspelen 1928), officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 2028 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXIV Olympiad, and commonly known as LA 2028, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from July 21 to August 6, 2028, in Los Angeles, California, United States.
Current head of state of Netherlands, HRH the Prince of Orange, King Willem Alexander, King Willem-Alexander, King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, King William-Alexander, King William-Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince Willem-Alexander, Prince Willem-Alexander of Orange, Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince William-Alexander, Prins willem alexander, The Prince of Orange, Willem Alexander, Willem Alexander, Prince of Orange, Willem IV, Willem IX Alexander, Prince of Orange, Willem-Alexander, Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand, Willem-Alexander of Orange-Nassau, Willem-Alexander van Oranje Nassau, Willem-Alexander, King of The Netherlands, Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands, Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, William Alexander of Orange-Nassau, William Alexander of the Netherlands, William Alexander, Crown Prince of the Netherlands, William Alexander, Prince of Orange, William IV of the Netherlands, William-Alexander, William-Alexander of the Netherlands.