Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

William Herschel

Index William Herschel

Frederick William Herschel, (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline Herschel, with whom he worked. [1]

200 relations: Adam Smith, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Anders Johan Lexell, Andromeda Galaxy, Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie, Aperture masking interferometry, Asteroid, Astrological symbols, Astronomer, Astronomer Royal, Astronomical spectroscopy, Astronomy, Axial tilt, Basset horn, Bassoon, Bath College, Bath, Somerset, Battle of Hastenbeck, BBC, Berkshire, Binary star, Black hole, Brazil, Buckinghamshire, Business cycle, C. Herschel (crater), Capriccio (music), Caroline Herschel, Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, Catch (music), Cello, Charles Avison, Christiaan Huygens, Christianity, Chromatic aberration, Church of St Laurence, Upton-cum-Chalvey, Comet, Comet Encke, Composer, Concerto, Copley Medal, Copper, Coral, Curved mirror, Dalton Minimum, Darlington, Datchet, Dispersive prism, Edward S. Holden, Edwin Hubble, ..., Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Enceladus, Erasmus Darwin, Estate (law), Eton, Berkshire, Fellow of the Royal Society, Figured bass, Flamsteed designation, Focal length, French horn, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Galactocentrism, Galileo Galilei, Gas giant, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Gravity, Greek language, Halifax Minster, Halifax, West Yorkshire, Hanover, Harlow Shapley, Harpsichord, Heber Doust Curtis, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, Heliocentrism, Herschel (lunar crater), Herschel (Martian crater), Herschel (Mimantean crater), Herschel Grammar School, Herschel Museum of Astronomy, Herschel Space Observatory, Holy Roman Empire, Ice cap, Impact crater, Infrared, Interferometry, Isaac Newton, James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer), James South, Jews, John Dollond, John Herschel, John Michell, Kingdom of Great Britain, La Palma, Lambda Herculis, Lemuel Francis Abbott, Lens (optics), List of astronomical instrument makers, List of German inventors and discoverers, List of largest optical telescopes historically, London Mozart Players, Lutheranism, Mars, Matthias Bamert, Messier 110, Messier object, Microscope, Milbanke baronets, Milky Way, Mimas (moon), Minor planet, Minuet, Moon, Moravia, Motet, Mu Cephei, Music, National Portrait Gallery, London, Natural philosophy, Nebula, Nevil Maskelyne, New General Catalogue, Newcastle University, Newtonian telescope, Oberon (moon), Oboe, Oboe concerto, Observatory House, Octagon Chapel, Bath, Organ (music), Orion Nebula, Parallax, Personal union, Philomath, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Planet, President of the Royal Astronomical Society, Primary mirror, Project Gutenberg, Proper motion, Psalms, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Reflecting telescope, Refracting telescope, Rings of Uranus, Robert Smith (mathematician), Royal Astronomical Society, Royal Guelphic Order, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Santos, São Paulo, Saturn, Scientific instrument, Slough, Solar cycle, Sonata, Space telescope, Speculum metal, Spiral galaxy, Star system, Stargazing Live, Stellar kinematics, Sunderland, Sunlight, Sunspot, Symphony, Te Deum, Telescope, Tempo, The Wealth of Nations, Thermometer, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, Tin, Titania (moon), University of Derby, Upton, Slough, Uranus, Viola, Violin, Violin concerto, Visible spectrum, Visual perception, Voluntary (music), William Blake, William Emerson (mathematician), William Herschel Telescope, William Stanley Jevons, William Watson (scientist), Windsor, Berkshire, 2 Pallas, 2000 Herschel, 281 Lucretia, 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, 40-foot telescope, 6th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (150 more) »

Adam Smith

Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.

New!!: William Herschel and Adam Smith · See more »

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.

New!!: William Herschel and American Academy of Arts and Sciences · See more »

Anders Johan Lexell

Anders Johan Lexell (24 December 1740 &ndash) was a Finnish-Swedish astronomer, mathematician, and physicist who spent most of his life in Imperial Russia, where he was known as Andrei Ivanovich Leksel (Андрей Иванович Лексель).

New!!: William Herschel and Anders Johan Lexell · See more »

Andromeda Galaxy

The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth, and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way.

New!!: William Herschel and Andromeda Galaxy · See more »

Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie

Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie (born 12 May 1943) is a French astronomer, who held the Observational astrophysics chair at the Collège de France between 1991 and 2014, where he is currently professor emeritus.

New!!: William Herschel and Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie · See more »

Aperture masking interferometry

Aperture Masking Interferometry is a form of speckle interferometry, that allows diffraction limited imaging from ground-based telescopes, and is a planned high contrast imaging mode on the James Webb Space Telescope.

New!!: William Herschel and Aperture masking interferometry · See more »


Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

New!!: William Herschel and Asteroid · See more »

Astrological symbols

Symbols used in astrology overlap with those used in astronomy because of the historical overlap between the two subjects.

New!!: William Herschel and Astrological symbols · See more »


An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.

New!!: William Herschel and Astronomer · See more »

Astronomer Royal

Astronomer Royal is a senior post in the Royal Households of the United Kingdom.

New!!: William Herschel and Astronomer Royal · See more »

Astronomical spectroscopy

Astronomical spectroscopy is the study of astronomy using the techniques of spectroscopy to measure the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light and radio, which radiates from stars and other celestial objects.

New!!: William Herschel and Astronomical spectroscopy · See more »


Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

New!!: William Herschel and Astronomy · See more »

Axial tilt

In astronomy, axial tilt, also known as obliquity, is the angle between an object's rotational axis and its orbital axis, or, equivalently, the angle between its equatorial plane and orbital plane.

New!!: William Herschel and Axial tilt · See more »

Basset horn

The basset horn (sometimes written basset-horn) is a musical instrument, a member of the clarinet family.

New!!: William Herschel and Basset horn · See more »


The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.

New!!: William Herschel and Bassoon · See more »

Bath College

Bath College is a Further Education college in the centre of Bath, Somerset and in Westfield, Somerset, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Bath College · See more »

Bath, Somerset

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.

New!!: William Herschel and Bath, Somerset · See more »

Battle of Hastenbeck

The Battle of Hastenbeck (26 July 1757) was fought as part of the Invasion of Hanover during the Seven Years' War between the allied forces of Hanover, Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Brunswick, and the French.

New!!: William Herschel and Battle of Hastenbeck · See more »


The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

New!!: William Herschel and BBC · See more »


Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.

New!!: William Herschel and Berkshire · See more »

Binary star

A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.

New!!: William Herschel and Binary star · See more »

Black hole

A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.

New!!: William Herschel and Black hole · See more »


Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

New!!: William Herschel and Brazil · See more »


Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

New!!: William Herschel and Buckinghamshire · See more »

Business cycle

The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend.

New!!: William Herschel and Business cycle · See more »

C. Herschel (crater)


New!!: William Herschel and C. Herschel (crater) · See more »

Capriccio (music)

A capriccio or caprice (sometimes plural: caprices, capri or, in Italian, capricci), is a piece of music, usually fairly free in form and of a lively character.

New!!: William Herschel and Capriccio (music) · See more »

Caroline Herschel

Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.

New!!: William Herschel and Caroline Herschel · See more »

Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars

The Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (CN) is an astronomical catalogue of nebulae first published in 1786 by William Herschel, with the assistance of his sister Caroline Herschel.

New!!: William Herschel and Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars · See more »

Catch (music)

In music, a catch is a type of round or canon at the unison.

New!!: William Herschel and Catch (music) · See more »


The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

New!!: William Herschel and Cello · See more »

Charles Avison

Charles Avison (16 February 1709 (baptised)9 or 10 May 1770) was an English composer during the Baroque and Classical periods.

New!!: William Herschel and Charles Avison · See more »

Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.

New!!: William Herschel and Christiaan Huygens · See more »


ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

New!!: William Herschel and Christianity · See more »

Chromatic aberration

In optics, chromatic aberration (abbreviated CA; also called chromatic distortion and spherochromatism) is an effect resulting from dispersion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point.

New!!: William Herschel and Chromatic aberration · See more »

Church of St Laurence, Upton-cum-Chalvey

Saint Laurence's Church is one of three Church of England parish churches in the benefice of Upton-cum-Chalvey, and is the oldest building in the borough of Slough, in Berkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Church of St Laurence, Upton-cum-Chalvey · See more »


A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

New!!: William Herschel and Comet · See more »

Comet Encke

Comet Encke or Encke's Comet (official designation: 2P/Encke) is a periodic comet that completes an orbit of the Sun once every 3.3 years.

New!!: William Herschel and Comet Encke · See more »


A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

New!!: William Herschel and Composer · See more »


A concerto (plural concertos, or concerti from the Italian plural) is a musical composition usually composed in three movements, in which, usually, one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.

New!!: William Herschel and Concerto · See more »

Copley Medal

The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.

New!!: William Herschel and Copley Medal · See more »


Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

New!!: William Herschel and Copper · See more »


Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.

New!!: William Herschel and Coral · See more »

Curved mirror

A curved mirror is a mirror with a curved reflecting surface.

New!!: William Herschel and Curved mirror · See more »

Dalton Minimum

The Dalton Minimum was a period of low sunspot count, representing low solar activity, named after the English meteorologist John Dalton, lasting from about 1790 to 1830 or 1796 to 1820, corresponding to the period solar cycle 4 to solar cycle 7.

New!!: William Herschel and Dalton Minimum · See more »


Darlington is a large market town in County Durham, in North East England.

New!!: William Herschel and Darlington · See more »


Datchet is a village and civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England, located on the north bank of the River Thames.

New!!: William Herschel and Datchet · See more »

Dispersive prism

In optics, a dispersive prism is an optical prism, usually having the shape of a geometrical triangular prism, used as a spectroscopic component.

New!!: William Herschel and Dispersive prism · See more »

Edward S. Holden

Edward Singleton Holden (November 5, 1846 – March 16, 1914) was an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.

New!!: William Herschel and Edward S. Holden · See more »

Edwin Hubble

Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer.

New!!: William Herschel and Edwin Hubble · See more »

Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg

The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany.

New!!: William Herschel and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg · See more »


Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.

New!!: William Herschel and Enceladus · See more »

Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin (12 December 173118 April 1802) was an English physician.

New!!: William Herschel and Erasmus Darwin · See more »

Estate (law)

An estate, in common law, is the net worth of a person at any point in time alive or dead.

New!!: William Herschel and Estate (law) · See more »

Eton, Berkshire

Eton is a town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, but within the historic boundaries of Buckinghamshire, lying on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor and connected to it by Windsor Bridge.

New!!: William Herschel and Eton, Berkshire · See more »

Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

New!!: William Herschel and Fellow of the Royal Society · See more »

Figured bass

Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.

New!!: William Herschel and Figured bass · See more »

Flamsteed designation

A Flamsteed designation is a combination of a number and constellation name that uniquely identifies most naked eye stars in the modern constellations visible from southern England.

New!!: William Herschel and Flamsteed designation · See more »

Focal length

The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.

New!!: William Herschel and Focal length · See more »

French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

New!!: William Herschel and French horn · See more »

Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve

Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.

New!!: William Herschel and Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve · See more »


In astronomy, Galactocentrism is the theory that the Milky Way Galaxy, home of Earths Solar System, is at or near the center of the Universe.

New!!: William Herschel and Galactocentrism · See more »

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.

New!!: William Herschel and Galileo Galilei · See more »

Gas giant

A gas giant is a giant planet composed mainly of hydrogen and helium.

New!!: William Herschel and Gas giant · See more »

George II of Great Britain

George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.

New!!: William Herschel and George II of Great Britain · See more »

George III of the United Kingdom

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.

New!!: William Herschel and George III of the United Kingdom · See more »

George IV of the United Kingdom

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.

New!!: William Herschel and George IV of the United Kingdom · See more »

Giovanni Domenico Cassini

Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer.

New!!: William Herschel and Giovanni Domenico Cassini · See more »

Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society

The Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is the highest award given by the RAS.

New!!: William Herschel and Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society · See more »


Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.

New!!: William Herschel and Gravity · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: William Herschel and Greek language · See more »

Halifax Minster

Halifax Minster in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England, is dedicated to St John the Baptist; three West Yorkshire minsters are at Dewsbury (1993), Halifax (2009) and Leeds (2012).

New!!: William Herschel and Halifax Minster · See more »

Halifax, West Yorkshire

Halifax is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Halifax, West Yorkshire · See more »


Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

New!!: William Herschel and Hanover · See more »

Harlow Shapley

Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was a 20th-century American scientist, head of the Harvard College Observatory (1921–1952), and political activist during the latter New Deal and Fair Deal.

New!!: William Herschel and Harlow Shapley · See more »


A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.

New!!: William Herschel and Harpsichord · See more »

Heber Doust Curtis

Heber Doust Curtis (June 27, 1872 – January 9, 1942) was an American astronomer.

New!!: William Herschel and Heber Doust Curtis · See more »

Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers

Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (October 11, 1758 – March 2, 1840) was a German physician and astronomer.

New!!: William Herschel and Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers · See more »


Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

New!!: William Herschel and Heliocentrism · See more »

Herschel (lunar crater)

Herschel is a lunar impact crater located just to the north of the walled plain Ptolemaeus.

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel (lunar crater) · See more »

Herschel (Martian crater)

Herschel is a 304 kilometer Impact Basin in the Martian southern hemisphere, at 14.5°S, 130°E, located in the Mare Tyrrhenum region of Mars and is inside Terra Cimmeria.

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel (Martian crater) · See more »

Herschel (Mimantean crater)

Herschel is a huge crater in the leading hemisphere of the Saturnian moon Mimas, on the equator at 100° longitude.

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel (Mimantean crater) · See more »

Herschel Grammar School

Herschel Grammar School is a co-educational grammar school with academy status, located in Slough, Berkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel Grammar School · See more »

Herschel Museum of Astronomy

The Herschel Museum of Astronomy at 19 New King Street, Bath, England, is a museum that was inaugurated in 1981.

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel Museum of Astronomy · See more »

Herschel Space Observatory

The Herschel Space Observatory was a space observatory built and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA).

New!!: William Herschel and Herschel Space Observatory · See more »

Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

New!!: William Herschel and Holy Roman Empire · See more »

Ice cap

An ice cap is a mass of ice that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).

New!!: William Herschel and Ice cap · See more »

Impact crater

An impact crater is an approximately circular depression in the surface of a planet, moon, or other solid body in the Solar System or elsewhere, formed by the hypervelocity impact of a smaller body.

New!!: William Herschel and Impact crater · See more »


Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

New!!: William Herschel and Infrared · See more »


Interferometry is a family of techniques in which waves, usually electromagnetic waves, are superimposed causing the phenomenon of interference in order to extract information.

New!!: William Herschel and Interferometry · See more »

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

New!!: William Herschel and Isaac Newton · See more »

James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer)

James Ferguson (25 April 1710 – 17 November 1776) was a Scottish astronomer.

New!!: William Herschel and James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer) · See more »

James South

Sir James South (October 1785 – 19 October 1867) was a British astronomer.

New!!: William Herschel and James South · See more »


Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

New!!: William Herschel and Jews · See more »

John Dollond

John Dollond FRS (10 June O.S. (21 June N.S.) 170630 November 1761) was an English optician, known for his successful optics business and his patenting and commercialization of achromatic doublets.

New!!: William Herschel and John Dollond · See more »

John Herschel

Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.

New!!: William Herschel and John Herschel · See more »

John Michell

John Michell (25 December 1724 – 29 April 1793) was an English natural philosopher and clergyman who provided pioneering insights in a wide range of scientific fields, including astronomy, geology, optics, and gravitation.

New!!: William Herschel and John Michell · See more »

Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

New!!: William Herschel and Kingdom of Great Britain · See more »

La Palma

La Palma, also San Miguel de La Palma, is the most north-westerly island of the Canary Islands, Spain.

New!!: William Herschel and La Palma · See more »

Lambda Herculis

Lambda Herculis (λ Herculis. abbreviated Lambda Her, λ Her), also named Maasym, is a star in the constellation of Hercules.

New!!: William Herschel and Lambda Herculis · See more »

Lemuel Francis Abbott

Lemuel "Francis" Abbott (1760/61 – 5 December 1802) was an English portrait painter, famous for his likeness of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (currently hanging in the Terracotta Room of number 10 Downing Street) and for those of other naval officers and literary figures of the 18th century.

New!!: William Herschel and Lemuel Francis Abbott · See more »

Lens (optics)

A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.

New!!: William Herschel and Lens (optics) · See more »

List of astronomical instrument makers

The following is a list of astronomical instrument makers, along with lifespan and country of work, if available.

New!!: William Herschel and List of astronomical instrument makers · See more »

List of German inventors and discoverers

---- This is a list of German inventors and discoverers.

New!!: William Herschel and List of German inventors and discoverers · See more »

List of largest optical telescopes historically

Telescope have grown in size since they first appeared around 1608.

New!!: William Herschel and List of largest optical telescopes historically · See more »

London Mozart Players

The London Mozart Players (LMP) is a British chamber orchestra founded in 1949.

New!!: William Herschel and London Mozart Players · See more »


Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

New!!: William Herschel and Lutheranism · See more »


Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

New!!: William Herschel and Mars · See more »

Matthias Bamert

Matthias Bamert (born July 5, 1942 in Ersigen, Canton of Bern) is a Swiss composer and conductor.

New!!: William Herschel and Matthias Bamert · See more »

Messier 110

Messier 110, also known as NGC 205, is a dwarf elliptical galaxy that is a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy.

New!!: William Herschel and Messier 110 · See more »

Messier object

The Messier objects are a set of 110 astronomical objects, of which 103 were included in lists published by French astronomer Charles Messier in 1771 and 1781.

New!!: William Herschel and Messier object · See more »


A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.

New!!: William Herschel and Microscope · See more »

Milbanke baronets

The Milbanke, later Noel, later Milbanke Baronetcy, of Halnaby in the County of York, was a title in the Baronetage of England.

New!!: William Herschel and Milbanke baronets · See more »

Milky Way

The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

New!!: William Herschel and Milky Way · See more »

Mimas (moon)

Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel.

New!!: William Herschel and Mimas (moon) · See more »

Minor planet

A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun (or more broadly, any star with a planetary system) that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet.

New!!: William Herschel and Minor planet · See more »


A minuet (also spelled menuet) is a social dance of French origin for two people, usually in 4 time.

New!!: William Herschel and Minuet · See more »


The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

New!!: William Herschel and Moon · See more »


Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

New!!: William Herschel and Moravia · See more »


In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.

New!!: William Herschel and Motet · See more »

Mu Cephei

Mu Cephei (μ Cep, μ Cephei), also known as Herschel's Garnet Star, is a red supergiant star in the constellation Cepheus.

New!!: William Herschel and Mu Cephei · See more »


Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.

New!!: William Herschel and Music · See more »

National Portrait Gallery, London

The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.

New!!: William Herschel and National Portrait Gallery, London · See more »

Natural philosophy

Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.

New!!: William Herschel and Natural philosophy · See more »


A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.

New!!: William Herschel and Nebula · See more »

Nevil Maskelyne

The Rev Dr Nevil Maskelyne DD FRS FRSE (6 October 1732 – 9 February 1811) was the fifth British Astronomer Royal.

New!!: William Herschel and Nevil Maskelyne · See more »

New General Catalogue

The New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (abbreviated as NGC) is a catalogue of deep-sky objects compiled by John Louis Emil Dreyer in 1888.

New!!: William Herschel and New General Catalogue · See more »

Newcastle University

Newcastle University (officially, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne) is a public research university in Newcastle upon Tyne in the North-East of England.

New!!: William Herschel and Newcastle University · See more »

Newtonian telescope

The Newtonian telescope, also called the Newtonian reflector or just the Newtonian, is a type of reflecting telescope invented by the English scientist Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727), using a concave primary mirror and a flat diagonal secondary mirror.

New!!: William Herschel and Newtonian telescope · See more »

Oberon (moon)

Oberon, also designated, is the outermost major moon of the planet Uranus.

New!!: William Herschel and Oberon (moon) · See more »


Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.

New!!: William Herschel and Oboe · See more »

Oboe concerto

A number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the oboe, both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s), and accompanied by string orchestra, chamber orchestra, full orchestra, concert band, or similar large ensemble.

New!!: William Herschel and Oboe concerto · See more »

Observatory House

Observatory House was an observatory in Slough, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Observatory House · See more »

Octagon Chapel, Bath

The Octagon Chapel in Milsom Street, Bath, Somerset, England was built in 1767 and has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.

New!!: William Herschel and Octagon Chapel, Bath · See more »

Organ (music)

In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.

New!!: William Herschel and Organ (music) · See more »

Orion Nebula

The Orion Nebula (also known as Messier 42, M42, or NGC 1976) is a diffuse nebula situated in the Milky Way, being south of Orion's Belt in the constellation of Orion.

New!!: William Herschel and Orion Nebula · See more »


Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.

New!!: William Herschel and Parallax · See more »

Personal union

A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.

New!!: William Herschel and Personal union · See more »


A philomath (from Greek φίλος philos ("beloved", "loving", as in philosophy or philanthropy) and μανθάνειν, μαθ- manthanein, math- ("to learn", as in polymath) is a lover of learning and studying. Philomathes, a "lover of learning", has been contrasted to philalethes, a "lover of truth". Philomathy is similar to, but distinguished from, philosophy in that -soph, the latter suffix, specifies "wisdom" or "knowledge", rather than the process of acquisition thereof. Philomath is not synonymous with polymath, as a polymath is someone who possesses great and detailed knowledge and facts from a variety of disciplines, while a philomath is someone who greatly enjoys learning and studying.

New!!: William Herschel and Philomath · See more »

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Philosophical Transactions, titled Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (often abbreviated as Phil. Trans.) from 1776, is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society.

New!!: William Herschel and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society · See more »


A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

New!!: William Herschel and Planet · See more »

President of the Royal Astronomical Society

The President of the Royal Astronomical Society (prior to 1831 known as President of the Astronomical Society of London) chairs the Council of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) and its formal meetings.

New!!: William Herschel and President of the Royal Astronomical Society · See more »

Primary mirror

A primary mirror (or primary) is the principal light-gathering surface (the objective) of a reflecting telescope.

New!!: William Herschel and Primary mirror · See more »

Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".

New!!: William Herschel and Project Gutenberg · See more »

Proper motion

Proper motion is the astronomical measure of the observed changes in the apparent places of stars or other celestial objects in the sky, as seen from the center of mass of the Solar System, compared to the abstract background of the more distant stars.

New!!: William Herschel and Proper motion · See more »


The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.

New!!: William Herschel and Psalms · See more »

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

New!!: William Herschel and Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary · See more »

Reflecting telescope

A reflecting telescope (also called a reflector) is a telescope that uses a single or a combination of curved mirrors that reflect light and form an image.

New!!: William Herschel and Reflecting telescope · See more »

Refracting telescope

A refracting telescope (also called a refractor) is a type of optical telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image (also referred to a dioptric telescope).

New!!: William Herschel and Refracting telescope · See more »

Rings of Uranus

The rings of Uranus are a system of rings around the planet Uranus, intermediate in complexity between the more extensive set around Saturn and the simpler systems around Jupiter and Neptune.

New!!: William Herschel and Rings of Uranus · See more »

Robert Smith (mathematician)

Robert Smith (1689 – 2 February 1768) was an English mathematician and music theorist.

New!!: William Herschel and Robert Smith (mathematician) · See more »

Royal Astronomical Society

The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is a learned society that began as the Astronomical Society of London in 1820 to support astronomical research (mainly carried on at the time by 'gentleman astronomers' rather than professionals).

New!!: William Herschel and Royal Astronomical Society · See more »

Royal Guelphic Order

The Royal Guelphic Order (Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV).

New!!: William Herschel and Royal Guelphic Order · See more »

Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

New!!: William Herschel and Royal Society · See more »

Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.

New!!: William Herschel and Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences · See more »

Santos, São Paulo

Santos (Saints) is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas.

New!!: William Herschel and Santos, São Paulo · See more »


Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.

New!!: William Herschel and Saturn · See more »

Scientific instrument

A scientific instrument is, broadly speaking, a device or tool used for scientific purposes, including the study of both natural phenomena and theoretical research.

New!!: William Herschel and Scientific instrument · See more »


Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.

New!!: William Herschel and Slough · See more »

Solar cycle

The solar cycle or solar magnetic activity cycle is the nearly periodic 11-year change in the Sun's activity (including changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection of solar material) and appearance (changes in the number and size of sunspots, flares, and other manifestations).

New!!: William Herschel and Solar cycle · See more »


Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare, "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.

New!!: William Herschel and Sonata · See more »

Space telescope

A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.

New!!: William Herschel and Space telescope · See more »

Speculum metal

Speculum metal is a mixture of around two-thirds copper and one-third tin making a white brittle alloy that can be polished to make a highly reflective surface.

New!!: William Herschel and Speculum metal · See more »

Spiral galaxy

Spiral galaxies form a class of galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in his 1936 work The Realm of the Nebulae(pp. 124–151) and, as such, form part of the Hubble sequence.

New!!: William Herschel and Spiral galaxy · See more »

Star system

A star system or stellar system is a small number of stars that orbit each other, bound by gravitational attraction.

New!!: William Herschel and Star system · See more »

Stargazing Live

Stargazing Live was a British live television programme on astronomy that was broadcast yearly since its first broadcast on BBC Two in January 2011.

New!!: William Herschel and Stargazing Live · See more »

Stellar kinematics

In astronomy, stellar kinematics is the observational study or measurement of the kinematics or motions of stars through space.

New!!: William Herschel and Stellar kinematics · See more »


Sunderland is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 10 miles southeast of Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles northeast of Durham, 101 miles southeast of Edinburgh, 104 miles north-northeast of Manchester, 77 miles north of Leeds, and 240 miles north-northwest of London.

New!!: William Herschel and Sunderland · See more »


Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

New!!: William Herschel and Sunlight · See more »


Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the Sun's photosphere that appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas.

New!!: William Herschel and Sunspot · See more »


A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.

New!!: William Herschel and Symphony · See more »

Te Deum

The Te Deum (also known as Ambrosian Hymn or A Song of the Church) is an early Christian hymn of praise.

New!!: William Herschel and Te Deum · See more »


A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).

New!!: William Herschel and Telescope · See more »


In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.

New!!: William Herschel and Tempo · See more »

The Wealth of Nations

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.

New!!: William Herschel and The Wealth of Nations · See more »


A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient.

New!!: William Herschel and Thermometer · See more »

Thornhill, West Yorkshire

Thornhill is a village and former township in Dewsbury, Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Thornhill, West Yorkshire · See more »


Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.

New!!: William Herschel and Tin · See more »

Titania (moon)

No description.

New!!: William Herschel and Titania (moon) · See more »

University of Derby

The University of Derby (formerly Derby College of Art and Technology or simply Derby College) is a public university in the city of Derby, England.

New!!: William Herschel and University of Derby · See more »

Upton, Slough

Upton is a suburb of Slough in Berkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Upton, Slough · See more »


Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.

New!!: William Herschel and Uranus · See more »


The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

New!!: William Herschel and Viola · See more »


The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

New!!: William Herschel and Violin · See more »

Violin concerto

A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble (customarily orchestra).

New!!: William Herschel and Violin concerto · See more »

Visible spectrum

The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.

New!!: William Herschel and Visible spectrum · See more »

Visual perception

Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.

New!!: William Herschel and Visual perception · See more »

Voluntary (music)

In music a voluntary is a piece of music, usually for an organ, that is played as part of a church service.

New!!: William Herschel and Voluntary (music) · See more »

William Blake

William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.

New!!: William Herschel and William Blake · See more »

William Emerson (mathematician)

William Emerson (14 May 1701 – 20 May 1782) was an English mathematician.

New!!: William Herschel and William Emerson (mathematician) · See more »

William Herschel Telescope

The William Herschel Telescope (WHT) is a optical/near-infrared reflecting telescope located at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain.

New!!: William Herschel and William Herschel Telescope · See more »

William Stanley Jevons

William Stanley Jevons FRS (1 September 1835 – 13 August 1882) was an English economist and logician.

New!!: William Herschel and William Stanley Jevons · See more »

William Watson (scientist)

Sir William Watson, FRS (3 April 1715 – 10 May 1787) was a British physician and scientist who was born and died in London.

New!!: William Herschel and William Watson (scientist) · See more »

Windsor, Berkshire

Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.

New!!: William Herschel and Windsor, Berkshire · See more »

2 Pallas

Pallas, minor-planet designation 2 Pallas, is the second asteroid to have been discovered (after Ceres), and is one of the largest asteroids in the Solar System.

New!!: William Herschel and 2 Pallas · See more »

2000 Herschel

2000 Herschel, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid and a tumbling slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.

New!!: William Herschel and 2000 Herschel · See more »

281 Lucretia

281 Lucretia is an asteroid belonging to the Flora family in the Main Belt.

New!!: William Herschel and 281 Lucretia · See more »


35P/Herschel–Rigollet is a periodic comet with an orbital period of 155 years.

New!!: William Herschel and 35P/Herschel–Rigollet · See more »

40-foot telescope

William Herschel's 40-foot telescope, also known as the Great Forty-Foot telescope, was a reflecting telescope constructed between 1785 and 1789 at Observatory House in Slough, England.

New!!: William Herschel and 40-foot telescope · See more »

6th arrondissement of Paris

The 6th arrondissement of Paris (VIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.

New!!: William Herschel and 6th arrondissement of Paris · See more »

Redirects here:

Frederick Herschel, Frederick William Herschel, Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel, Herschel, William, Herschelian, Sir Frederick William Herschel, Sir William Herschel, Sir william herschel, Wilhelm Friedrich Herschel, Wilhelm Herschel, William H. Herschel.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Herschel

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »