200 relations: Adam Smith, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Anders Johan Lexell, Andromeda Galaxy, Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie, Aperture masking interferometry, Asteroid, Astrological symbols, Astronomer, Astronomer Royal, Astronomical spectroscopy, Astronomy, Axial tilt, Basset horn, Bassoon, Bath College, Bath, Somerset, Battle of Hastenbeck, BBC, Berkshire, Binary star, Black hole, Brazil, Buckinghamshire, Business cycle, C. Herschel (crater), Capriccio (music), Caroline Herschel, Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, Catch (music), Cello, Charles Avison, Christiaan Huygens, Christianity, Chromatic aberration, Church of St Laurence, Upton-cum-Chalvey, Comet, Comet Encke, Composer, Concerto, Copley Medal, Copper, Coral, Curved mirror, Dalton Minimum, Darlington, Datchet, Dispersive prism, Edward S. Holden, Edwin Hubble, ..., Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Enceladus, Erasmus Darwin, Estate (law), Eton, Berkshire, Fellow of the Royal Society, Figured bass, Flamsteed designation, Focal length, French horn, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Galactocentrism, Galileo Galilei, Gas giant, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Gravity, Greek language, Halifax Minster, Halifax, West Yorkshire, Hanover, Harlow Shapley, Harpsichord, Heber Doust Curtis, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, Heliocentrism, Herschel (lunar crater), Herschel (Martian crater), Herschel (Mimantean crater), Herschel Grammar School, Herschel Museum of Astronomy, Herschel Space Observatory, Holy Roman Empire, Ice cap, Impact crater, Infrared, Interferometry, Isaac Newton, James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer), James South, Jews, John Dollond, John Herschel, John Michell, Kingdom of Great Britain, La Palma, Lambda Herculis, Lemuel Francis Abbott, Lens (optics), List of astronomical instrument makers, List of German inventors and discoverers, List of largest optical telescopes historically, London Mozart Players, Lutheranism, Mars, Matthias Bamert, Messier 110, Messier object, Microscope, Milbanke baronets, Milky Way, Mimas (moon), Minor planet, Minuet, Moon, Moravia, Motet, Mu Cephei, Music, National Portrait Gallery, London, Natural philosophy, Nebula, Nevil Maskelyne, New General Catalogue, Newcastle University, Newtonian telescope, Oberon (moon), Oboe, Oboe concerto, Observatory House, Octagon Chapel, Bath, Organ (music), Orion Nebula, Parallax, Personal union, Philomath, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Planet, President of the Royal Astronomical Society, Primary mirror, Project Gutenberg, Proper motion, Psalms, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Reflecting telescope, Refracting telescope, Rings of Uranus, Robert Smith (mathematician), Royal Astronomical Society, Royal Guelphic Order, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Santos, São Paulo, Saturn, Scientific instrument, Slough, Solar cycle, Sonata, Space telescope, Speculum metal, Spiral galaxy, Star system, Stargazing Live, Stellar kinematics, Sunderland, Sunlight, Sunspot, Symphony, Te Deum, Telescope, Tempo, The Wealth of Nations, Thermometer, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, Tin, Titania (moon), University of Derby, Upton, Slough, Uranus, Viola, Violin, Violin concerto, Visible spectrum, Visual perception, Voluntary (music), William Blake, William Emerson (mathematician), William Herschel Telescope, William Stanley Jevons, William Watson (scientist), Windsor, Berkshire, 2 Pallas, 2000 Herschel, 281 Lucretia, 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, 40-foot telescope, 6th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (150 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
Anders Johan Lexell (24 December 1740 &ndash) was a Finnish-Swedish astronomer, mathematician, and physicist who spent most of his life in Imperial Russia, where he was known as Andrei Ivanovich Leksel (Андрей Иванович Лексель).
The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224, is a spiral galaxy approximately 780 kiloparsecs (2.5 million light-years) from Earth, and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way.
Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie (born 12 May 1943) is a French astronomer, who held the Observational astrophysics chair at the Collège de France between 1991 and 2014, where he is currently professor emeritus.
Aperture Masking Interferometry is a form of speckle interferometry, that allows diffraction limited imaging from ground-based telescopes, and is a planned high contrast imaging mode on the James Webb Space Telescope.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
Symbols used in astrology overlap with those used in astronomy because of the historical overlap between the two subjects.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Astronomer Royal is a senior post in the Royal Households of the United Kingdom.
Astronomical spectroscopy is the study of astronomy using the techniques of spectroscopy to measure the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light and radio, which radiates from stars and other celestial objects.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
In astronomy, axial tilt, also known as obliquity, is the angle between an object's rotational axis and its orbital axis, or, equivalently, the angle between its equatorial plane and orbital plane.
The basset horn (sometimes written basset-horn) is a musical instrument, a member of the clarinet family.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.
Bath College is a Further Education college in the centre of Bath, Somerset and in Westfield, Somerset, England.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
The Battle of Hastenbeck (26 July 1757) was fought as part of the Invasion of Hanover during the Seven Years' War between the allied forces of Hanover, Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Brunswick, and the French.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.
A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend.
A capriccio or caprice (sometimes plural: caprices, capri or, in Italian, capricci), is a piece of music, usually fairly free in form and of a lively character.
Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.
The Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (CN) is an astronomical catalogue of nebulae first published in 1786 by William Herschel, with the assistance of his sister Caroline Herschel.
In music, a catch is a type of round or canon at the unison.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
Charles Avison (16 February 1709 (baptised)9 or 10 May 1770) was an English composer during the Baroque and Classical periods.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
In optics, chromatic aberration (abbreviated CA; also called chromatic distortion and spherochromatism) is an effect resulting from dispersion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point.
Saint Laurence's Church is one of three Church of England parish churches in the benefice of Upton-cum-Chalvey, and is the oldest building in the borough of Slough, in Berkshire, England.
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.
Comet Encke or Encke's Comet (official designation: 2P/Encke) is a periodic comet that completes an orbit of the Sun once every 3.3 years.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
A concerto (plural concertos, or concerti from the Italian plural) is a musical composition usually composed in three movements, in which, usually, one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.
The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
A curved mirror is a mirror with a curved reflecting surface.
The Dalton Minimum was a period of low sunspot count, representing low solar activity, named after the English meteorologist John Dalton, lasting from about 1790 to 1830 or 1796 to 1820, corresponding to the period solar cycle 4 to solar cycle 7.
Darlington is a large market town in County Durham, in North East England.
Datchet is a village and civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England, located on the north bank of the River Thames.
In optics, a dispersive prism is an optical prism, usually having the shape of a geometrical triangular prism, used as a spectroscopic component.
Edward Singleton Holden (November 5, 1846 – March 16, 1914) was an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.
Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer.
The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany.
Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.
Erasmus Darwin (12 December 173118 April 1802) was an English physician.
An estate, in common law, is the net worth of a person at any point in time alive or dead.
Eton is a town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, but within the historic boundaries of Buckinghamshire, lying on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor and connected to it by Windsor Bridge.
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
A Flamsteed designation is a combination of a number and constellation name that uniquely identifies most naked eye stars in the modern constellations visible from southern England.
The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.
The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.
In astronomy, Galactocentrism is the theory that the Milky Way Galaxy, home of Earths Solar System, is at or near the center of the Universe.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
A gas giant is a giant planet composed mainly of hydrogen and helium.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer.
The Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is the highest award given by the RAS.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Halifax Minster in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England, is dedicated to St John the Baptist; three West Yorkshire minsters are at Dewsbury (1993), Halifax (2009) and Leeds (2012).
Halifax is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was a 20th-century American scientist, head of the Harvard College Observatory (1921–1952), and political activist during the latter New Deal and Fair Deal.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
Heber Doust Curtis (June 27, 1872 – January 9, 1942) was an American astronomer.
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (October 11, 1758 – March 2, 1840) was a German physician and astronomer.
Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.
Herschel is a lunar impact crater located just to the north of the walled plain Ptolemaeus.
Herschel is a 304 kilometer Impact Basin in the Martian southern hemisphere, at 14.5°S, 130°E, located in the Mare Tyrrhenum region of Mars and is inside Terra Cimmeria.
Herschel is a huge crater in the leading hemisphere of the Saturnian moon Mimas, on the equator at 100° longitude.
Herschel Grammar School is a co-educational grammar school with academy status, located in Slough, Berkshire, England.
The Herschel Museum of Astronomy at 19 New King Street, Bath, England, is a museum that was inaugurated in 1981.
The Herschel Space Observatory was a space observatory built and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA).
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
An ice cap is a mass of ice that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).
An impact crater is an approximately circular depression in the surface of a planet, moon, or other solid body in the Solar System or elsewhere, formed by the hypervelocity impact of a smaller body.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Interferometry is a family of techniques in which waves, usually electromagnetic waves, are superimposed causing the phenomenon of interference in order to extract information.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
James Ferguson (25 April 1710 – 17 November 1776) was a Scottish astronomer.
Sir James South (October 1785 – 19 October 1867) was a British astronomer.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John Dollond FRS (10 June O.S. (21 June N.S.) 170630 November 1761) was an English optician, known for his successful optics business and his patenting and commercialization of achromatic doublets.
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.
John Michell (25 December 1724 – 29 April 1793) was an English natural philosopher and clergyman who provided pioneering insights in a wide range of scientific fields, including astronomy, geology, optics, and gravitation.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
La Palma, also San Miguel de La Palma, is the most north-westerly island of the Canary Islands, Spain.
Lambda Herculis (λ Herculis. abbreviated Lambda Her, λ Her), also named Maasym, is a star in the constellation of Hercules.
Lemuel "Francis" Abbott (1760/61 – 5 December 1802) was an English portrait painter, famous for his likeness of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (currently hanging in the Terracotta Room of number 10 Downing Street) and for those of other naval officers and literary figures of the 18th century.
A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.
The following is a list of astronomical instrument makers, along with lifespan and country of work, if available.
---- This is a list of German inventors and discoverers.
Telescope have grown in size since they first appeared around 1608.
The London Mozart Players (LMP) is a British chamber orchestra founded in 1949.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Matthias Bamert (born July 5, 1942 in Ersigen, Canton of Bern) is a Swiss composer and conductor.
Messier 110, also known as NGC 205, is a dwarf elliptical galaxy that is a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy.
The Messier objects are a set of 110 astronomical objects, of which 103 were included in lists published by French astronomer Charles Messier in 1771 and 1781.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
The Milbanke, later Noel, later Milbanke Baronetcy, of Halnaby in the County of York, was a title in the Baronetage of England.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel.
A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun (or more broadly, any star with a planetary system) that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet.
A minuet (also spelled menuet) is a social dance of French origin for two people, usually in 4 time.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.
Mu Cephei (μ Cep, μ Cephei), also known as Herschel's Garnet Star, is a red supergiant star in the constellation Cepheus.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.
Natural philosophy or philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science.
A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.
The Rev Dr Nevil Maskelyne DD FRS FRSE (6 October 1732 – 9 February 1811) was the fifth British Astronomer Royal.
The New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (abbreviated as NGC) is a catalogue of deep-sky objects compiled by John Louis Emil Dreyer in 1888.
Newcastle University (officially, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne) is a public research university in Newcastle upon Tyne in the North-East of England.
The Newtonian telescope, also called the Newtonian reflector or just the Newtonian, is a type of reflecting telescope invented by the English scientist Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727), using a concave primary mirror and a flat diagonal secondary mirror.
Oberon, also designated, is the outermost major moon of the planet Uranus.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
A number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the oboe, both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s), and accompanied by string orchestra, chamber orchestra, full orchestra, concert band, or similar large ensemble.
Observatory House was an observatory in Slough, England.
The Octagon Chapel in Milsom Street, Bath, Somerset, England was built in 1767 and has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
The Orion Nebula (also known as Messier 42, M42, or NGC 1976) is a diffuse nebula situated in the Milky Way, being south of Orion's Belt in the constellation of Orion.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
A philomath (from Greek φίλος philos ("beloved", "loving", as in philosophy or philanthropy) and μανθάνειν, μαθ- manthanein, math- ("to learn", as in polymath) is a lover of learning and studying. Philomathes, a "lover of learning", has been contrasted to philalethes, a "lover of truth". Philomathy is similar to, but distinguished from, philosophy in that -soph, the latter suffix, specifies "wisdom" or "knowledge", rather than the process of acquisition thereof. Philomath is not synonymous with polymath, as a polymath is someone who possesses great and detailed knowledge and facts from a variety of disciplines, while a philomath is someone who greatly enjoys learning and studying.
Philosophical Transactions, titled Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (often abbreviated as Phil. Trans.) from 1776, is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
The President of the Royal Astronomical Society (prior to 1831 known as President of the Astronomical Society of London) chairs the Council of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) and its formal meetings.
A primary mirror (or primary) is the principal light-gathering surface (the objective) of a reflecting telescope.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Proper motion is the astronomical measure of the observed changes in the apparent places of stars or other celestial objects in the sky, as seen from the center of mass of the Solar System, compared to the abstract background of the more distant stars.
The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
A reflecting telescope (also called a reflector) is a telescope that uses a single or a combination of curved mirrors that reflect light and form an image.
A refracting telescope (also called a refractor) is a type of optical telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image (also referred to a dioptric telescope).
The rings of Uranus are a system of rings around the planet Uranus, intermediate in complexity between the more extensive set around Saturn and the simpler systems around Jupiter and Neptune.
Robert Smith (1689 – 2 February 1768) was an English mathematician and music theorist.
The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is a learned society that began as the Astronomical Society of London in 1820 to support astronomical research (mainly carried on at the time by 'gentleman astronomers' rather than professionals).
The Royal Guelphic Order (Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV).
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
Santos (Saints) is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
A scientific instrument is, broadly speaking, a device or tool used for scientific purposes, including the study of both natural phenomena and theoretical research.
Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.
The solar cycle or solar magnetic activity cycle is the nearly periodic 11-year change in the Sun's activity (including changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection of solar material) and appearance (changes in the number and size of sunspots, flares, and other manifestations).
Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare, "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.
A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.
Speculum metal is a mixture of around two-thirds copper and one-third tin making a white brittle alloy that can be polished to make a highly reflective surface.
Spiral galaxies form a class of galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in his 1936 work The Realm of the Nebulae(pp. 124–151) and, as such, form part of the Hubble sequence.
A star system or stellar system is a small number of stars that orbit each other, bound by gravitational attraction.
Stargazing Live was a British live television programme on astronomy that was broadcast yearly since its first broadcast on BBC Two in January 2011.
In astronomy, stellar kinematics is the observational study or measurement of the kinematics or motions of stars through space.
Sunderland is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 10 miles southeast of Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles northeast of Durham, 101 miles southeast of Edinburgh, 104 miles north-northeast of Manchester, 77 miles north of Leeds, and 240 miles north-northwest of London.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the Sun's photosphere that appear as spots darker than the surrounding areas.
A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.
The Te Deum (also known as Ambrosian Hymn or A Song of the Church) is an early Christian hymn of praise.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient.
Thornhill is a village and former township in Dewsbury, Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
The University of Derby (formerly Derby College of Art and Technology or simply Derby College) is a public university in the city of Derby, England.
Upton is a suburb of Slough in Berkshire, England.
Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble (customarily orchestra).
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.
Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.
In music a voluntary is a piece of music, usually for an organ, that is played as part of a church service.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
William Emerson (14 May 1701 – 20 May 1782) was an English mathematician.
The William Herschel Telescope (WHT) is a optical/near-infrared reflecting telescope located at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain.
William Stanley Jevons FRS (1 September 1835 – 13 August 1882) was an English economist and logician.
Sir William Watson, FRS (3 April 1715 – 10 May 1787) was a British physician and scientist who was born and died in London.
Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.
Pallas, minor-planet designation 2 Pallas, is the second asteroid to have been discovered (after Ceres), and is one of the largest asteroids in the Solar System.
2000 Herschel, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid and a tumbling slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
281 Lucretia is an asteroid belonging to the Flora family in the Main Belt.
35P/Herschel–Rigollet is a periodic comet with an orbital period of 155 years.
William Herschel's 40-foot telescope, also known as the Great Forty-Foot telescope, was a reflecting telescope constructed between 1785 and 1789 at Observatory House in Slough, England.
The 6th arrondissement of Paris (VIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
Frederick Herschel, Frederick William Herschel, Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel, Herschel, William, Herschelian, Sir Frederick William Herschel, Sir William Herschel, Sir william herschel, Wilhelm Friedrich Herschel, Wilhelm Herschel, William H. Herschel.