110 relations: Acid, Assizes, Atom, Baden Powell (mathematician), Bakerian Lecture, Battery (electricity), Birmingham, Blackwood's Magazine, Brasenose College, Oxford, British Science Association, Burlington House, Call to the bar, Calotype, Cannibalism, Charles Darwin, Charles Wheatstone, Chemistry, Classics, Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Conservation of energy, Continent, Cornwall, Court of Common Pleas (England), Criminal law, Cronyism, Daguerreotype, Deputy Lieutenant, Devon, Dictionary of National Biography, Divisional court (England and Wales), Edmond Herbert Grove-Hills, Edward Sabine, Edward William Brayley, Electrical breakdown, Electrical energy, Electrode, Elsevier, Encyclopædia Britannica, French Academy of Sciences, Fuel cell, Glamorgan, Grove (crater), Grove cell, Helen Donald-Smith, Henry Fox Talbot, Hermann von Helmholtz, Hydrogen, Idealism, Ionization, James Prescott Joule, ..., John Peter Gassiot, John Waller Hills, John Walter Huddleston, Judiciaries of the United Kingdom, Julius von Mayer, Kensal Green Cemetery, Knight, Leonard Horner, Lincoln's Inn, London Institution, Lunar craters, Magistrate, Mass, Mechanical equivalent of heat, Metaphysics, Metropolitan Commission of Sewers, Michael Faraday, Molecule, Nature (journal), Olbers' paradox, Outline of physical science, Oxygen, Parallax, Patent, Peter Tait (physicist), Philosophical Magazine, Philosophical realism, Physics, Platinum, Poison, Privy council, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Queen's Bench, Queen's Counsel, R v Dudley and Stephens, Reversible process (thermodynamics), Richard Beard (photographer), Royal Commission, Royal Institution, Royal Institution of South Wales, Royal Medal, Royal Society, Scientific literature, Sputtering, Steam, Steam engine, Swansea, Talbot v Laroche, The Times, Thomas Edison, Timeline of hydrogen technologies, University of Cambridge, Welsh people, William Edward Hall, William Palmer (murderer), William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, William Snow Harris, William Thomas Brande, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Zinc. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
An acid (from the Latin acidus/acēre meaning sour) is a chemical substance whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals (like calcium) to form salts.
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The courts of assize, or assizes, were periodic courts held around England and Wales until 1972, when together with the quarter sessions they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court.
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An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
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Baden Powell, MA, FRS, FRGS (22 August 1796 – 11 June 1860) was an English mathematician and Church of England priest.
The Bakerian Lecture is a prize lecture of the Royal Society, a lecture on physical sciences.
An electric battery is a device consisting of two or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
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Blackwood's Magazine was a British magazine and miscellany printed between 1817 and 1980.
Brasenose College (in full: The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, abbreviated BNC) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The British Science Association, formerly known as British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA, (founded 1831) is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating interaction between scientific workers.
Burlington House is a building on Piccadilly in London.
The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party, and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".
Calotype or talbotype is an early photographic process introduced in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, using paper coated with silver iodide.
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Cannibalism is the act or practice of humans eating the flesh or internal organs of other human beings.
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Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.
Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS (6 February 1802 – 19 October 1875), was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope (a device for displaying three-dimensional images), and the Playfair cipher (an encryption technique).
Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter.
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Classics (also Classical Studies) is the study of the languages, literature, laws, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other material culture of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; especially during Classical Antiquity (ca. BCE 600 – AD 600).
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Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (English: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences), or simply Comptes rendus, is a French scientific journal which has been published since 1666.
In physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system remains constant—it is said to be ''conserved'' over time.
A continent is one of several very large landmasses on Earth.
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Cornwall (or; Kernow) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.
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The Court of Common Pleas, or Common Bench, was a common law court in the English legal system that covered "common pleas"; actions between subject and subject, which did not concern the king.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
Cronyism is partiality to long-standing friends, especially by appointing them to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications.
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The daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly announced photographic process, and for nearly twenty years, it was the one most commonly used.
In the United Kingdom, a Deputy Lieutenant is a Crown appointment and one of several deputies to the Lord Lieutenant of a lieutenancy area: an English ceremonial county, Welsh preserved county, Scottish lieutenancy area, or Northern Irish county borough or county.
Devon (archaically known as Devonshire) is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
A divisional court, in relation to the High Court of Justice of England and Wales, means a court sitting with at least two judges.
Edmond Herbert Grove-Hills CMG CBE FRS (1 August 1864 – 2 October 1922) was a British soldier and astronomer.
General Sir Edward Sabine KCB FRS (14 October 1788 – 26 June 1883) was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist,explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the Royal Society.
Edward William Brayley FRS (1801 – 1 February 1870) was an English geographer, librarian, and science author.
Electrical breakdown or dielectric breakdown is a rapid reduction in the resistance of an electrical insulator when the voltage applied across it exceeds the breakdown voltage.
Electrical energy is the energy newly derived from electric potential energy.
An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit (e.g. a semiconductor, an electrolyte, a vacuum or air).
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Elsevier B.V. is an academic publishing company that publishes medical and scientific literature.
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The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction of positively charged hydrogen ions with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
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Glamorgan or, sometimes, Glamorganshire (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.
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Grove is a small lunar impact crater that lies in the northern part of the Lacus Somniorum.
The Grove cell was an early electric primary cell named after its inventor, British chemist William Robert Grove, and consisted of a zinc anode in dilute sulfuric acid and a platinum cathode in concentrated nitric acid, the two separated by a porous ceramic pot.
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Helen Donald-Smith (fl. 1880–1930) was an English artist who worked in oil and watercolour, and was active circa 1890–1925.
William Henry Fox Talbot (11 February 180017 September 1877) was a British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries.
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions to several widely varied areas of modern science.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and atomic number 1.
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In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.
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Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes.
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James Prescott Joule FRS ((24 December 1818 – 11 October 1889) was an English physicist and brewer, born in Salford, Lancashire. Joule studied the nature of heat, and discovered its relationship to mechanical work (see energy). This led to the law of conservation of energy, which led to the development of the first law of thermodynamics. The SI derived unit of energy, the joule, is named after James Joule. He worked with Lord Kelvin to develop the absolute scale of temperature the kelvin. Joule also made observations of magnetostriction, and he found the relationship between the current through a resistor and the heat dissipated, which is now called Joule's first law.
John Peter Gassiot FRS (2 April 1797 – 15 August 1877) was an English businessman and amateur scientist.
Major John Waller Hills PC (1867 – 24 December 1938) was a British Liberal Unionist and Conservative politician.
Sir John Walter Huddleston (8 September 1815 – 5 December 1890) was an English judge, formerly a criminal lawyer who had established an eminent reputation in various causes célèbres.
The judiciary of the United Kingdom are the separate judiciaries of the three legal systems in England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
Julius Robert von Mayer (November 25, 1814 – March 20, 1878) was a German physician and physicist and one of the founders of thermodynamics.
Kensal Green Cemetery is a cemetery in Kensal Green, London, England, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch or other political leader for service to the Monarch or country, especially in a military capacity.
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Leonard Horner FRSE FRS FGS (17 January 1785 – 5 March 1864) was a Scottish merchant, geologist and educational reformer.
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar.
The London Institution was an educational institution founded in London in 1806 (not to be confused with the British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom founded the previous year, with which it shared some founders).
"Lunar crater" redirects here.
A magistrate is an officer of the state.
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In physics, mass is a property of a physical body which determines the strength of its mutual gravitational attraction to other bodies, its resistance to being accelerated by a force, and in the theory of relativity gives the mass–energy content of a system.
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In the history of science, the mechanical equivalent of heat states that motion and heat are mutually interchangeable and that in every case, a given amount of work would generate the same amount of heat, provided the work done is totally converted to heat energy.
Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it,Geisler, Norman L. "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics" page 446.
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The Metropolitan Commission of Sewers was one of London's first steps towards bringing its sewer and drainage infrastructure under the control of a single public body.
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
A molecule (from Latin moles "mass") is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
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Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
In astrophysics and physical cosmology, Olbers' paradox, named after the German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Olbers (1758–1840) and also called the "dark night sky paradox", is the argument that the darkness of the night sky conflicts with the assumption of an infinite and eternal static universe.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to physical science: Physical science – branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
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Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
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Peter Guthrie Tait FRSE (28 April 1831 – 4 July 1901) was a Scottish mathematical physicist, best known for the energy physics textbook Treatise on Natural Philosophy, which he co-wrote with Kelvin, and his early investigations into knot theory, which contributed to the eventual formation of topology as a mathematical discipline.
The Philosophical Magazine is one of the oldest scientific journals published in English.
Contemporary philosophical realism is the belief that some aspect of our reality is ontologically independent of our conceptual schemes, perceptions, linguistic practices, beliefs, etc.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
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Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
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In biology, poisons are substances which cause disturbances to organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when a sufficient quantity is absorbed by an organism.
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A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Queen's Bench (or, during the reign of a male monarch, the King's Bench) is the superior court in a number of jurisdictions within some of the Commonwealth realms.
Queen's Counsel (postnominal QC), also known as King's Counsel (postnominal KC) if during the reign of a male sovereign, are particularly eminent jurists appointed by letters patent to be one of His Majesty's Counsel learned in the law (or "Her").
R v Dudley and Stephens (1884) 14 QBD 273 DC is a leading English criminal case which established a precedent, throughout the common law world, that necessity is not a defence to a charge of murder.
In thermodynamics, a reversible process -- or reversible cycle if the process is cyclic -- is a process that can be "reversed" by means of infinitesimal changes in some property of the system.
Richard Beard (22 December 1801 – 7 June 1885) was an English entrepreneur and photographer who vigorously protected his photographic business by litigation over his photographic patents and helped to establish professional photography in the UK.
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or RI) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London.
The Royal Institution of South Wales is a Welsh learned society founded in Swansea in 1835 as the Swansea Philosophical and Literary Society with objectives: In 1838, the Society received its Royal charter as the Royal Institution.
The Royal Medal, also known as The Queen's Medal, is a silver-gilt medal awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences" made within the Commonwealth of Nations.
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The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.
Scientific literature comprises scientific publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within a scientific field is often abbreviated as the literature.
Sputtering is a process whereby particles are ejected from a solid target material due to bombardment of the target by energetic particles.
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Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils.
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A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
Swansea (Abertawe, "mouth of the Tawe"), officially known as the City and County of Swansea, is a coastal city and county in Wales.
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Talbot v. Laroche (unreported) was an 1854 legal action, pivotal to the history of photography, by which William Fox Talbot sought to assert that Martin Laroche's use of the unpatented, collodion process infringed his calotype patent.
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.
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Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.
Timeline of hydrogen technologies — A timeline of the history of.
The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The Welsh people (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales and the Welsh language.
William Edward Hall (August 22, 1835 - November 30, 1894) was an English lawyer and mountaineer who published some influential works on international law.
William Palmer (6 August 1824 – 14 June 1856), also known as the Rugeley Poisoner or the Prince of Poisoners, was an English doctor found guilty of murder in one of the most notorious cases of the 19th century.
William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse KP (17 June 1800 – 31 October 1867) was an Anglo-Irish astronomer who had several telescopes built.
Sir William Snow Harris (1 April 1791 – 22 January 1867) was an English physician and electrical researcher, nicknamed Thunder-and-Lightning Harris, and noted for his invention of a successful system of lightning conductors for ships.
William Thomas Brande FRS FRSE (11 January 1788 – 11 February 1866) was an English chemist.
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a British mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824.
Zinc, in commerce also spelter, is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
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