315 relations: Action Center, Advertising campaign, Adware, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, Android (operating system), AOL, Architecture of Windows NT, ARM architecture, Ars Technica, Assistive technology, Atom (system on chip), Augmented reality, Automated teller machine, Bandwidth (computing), Bash (Unix shell), Bing (search engine), Biometrics, BitLocker, BitTorrent tracker, Blue Screen of Death, Bluetooth, Browser hijacking, Build (developer conference), Business Insider, Candy Crush Saga, CBS Interactive, Central processing unit, Chrome OS, Clipboard (computing), Clock rate, Cloud computing, CNET, Color temperature, Comparison of operating systems, Computer architecture, Computer keyboard, Computer monitor, Computer mouse, Computerworld, Condé Nast, Control Panel (Windows), Copyright infringement, Cortana, CPU-Z, Cut, copy, and paste, Data anonymization, Data cap, Data compression, Desktop computer, Device driver, ..., Digital privacy, Digital rights management, Digital watermarking, DirectX, Disk Cleanup, Dona Sarkar, DVD, Embedded system, Encryption, End-user license agreement, Engadget, Ethernet, Extended Validation Certificate, ExtremeTech, F.lux, Facebook, Facial recognition system, Fedora (operating system), FIDO Alliance, File Explorer, Fingerprint, FLAC, Floppy disk, Fluent Design System, Freemium, Fujitsu, Game Developers Conference, Gartner, Gigabyte, GitHub, Google Chrome, Google Now, Government of Russia, Graphical user interface, Group Policy, Guardian Media Group, Halo (franchise), Hearst Communications, Hertz, High Efficiency Video Coding, History of operating systems, Holography, Houston Chronicle, HP Inc., Hybrid kernel, Hyper-V, Hypervisor, IA-32, Iceland, IEEE 802.1X, InfoWorld, Infrared, Input–output memory management unit, InstantGo, Instruction set architecture, Intel RealSense, International Data Group, Internet Explorer, Internet of things, IOS, ISO image, Kaby Lake, Keyboard shortcut, Kim Komando, Kinect, King (company), Laptop, Lenovo, Linux, Linux distribution, List of operating systems, Live USB, Local area network, Lock screen, Low-level programming language, Mary Jo Foley, Matroska, Metro (design language), Microsoft, Microsoft account, Microsoft App-V, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft family features, Microsoft Graph, Microsoft HoloLens, Microsoft Imagine, Microsoft Inspire, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office mobile apps, Microsoft OneNote, Microsoft Product Activation, Microsoft Software Assurance, Microsoft Solitaire Collection, Microsoft Store (digital), Microsoft Studios, Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft TechNet, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows version history, Microtransaction, Middleware, Miracast, Mission critical, Mixer (website), Modding, Multi-factor authentication, Multi-touch, NDTV, Nikolai Levichev, Notification area, Nvidia, NX bit, Objective-C, Office 365, OneDrive, Open-source model, OpenSUSE, Operating system, Original equipment manufacturer, OS X Yosemite, Outlook.com, Overhead (computing), Paint 3D, Parental controls, Password, PC Magazine, PC World, PDF, Peer-to-peer, Perceptive Pixel, Personal computer, Physical Address Extension, Pixel, Plateau effect, Porting, Proprietary software, Public-key cryptography, Qihoo 360, Qualcomm Snapdragon, Qualcomm Snapdragon LTE modem, Quantum Break, Random-access memory, Ransomware, ReCore, Responsive web design, Reuters, Rock, Paper, Shotgun, Ryzen, Sandbox (computer security), Second Level Address Translation, Secure attention key, Secure Digital, Security and Maintenance, Server Message Block, Service set (802.11 network), Shared source, Shareware, Shatter attack, Siri, Skylake (microarchitecture), Skype, Skype for Business, Small claims court, Smartphone, Softpedia, Software ecosystem, Software license, Software release life cycle, Speccy, Speech recognition, SSE2, Start menu, StatCounter, Surface Hub, Surface Laptop, Syskey, System call, System requirements, Tablet computer, TechRadar, Tencent, Terry Myerson, The Seattle Times, The Verge, TheGuardian.com, Thomson Reuters, Thread (computing), Toolchain, Touchscreen, Trident (software), Trusted Platform Module, Ubuntu (operating system), Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, United States dollar, Universal Windows Platform, Universal Windows Platform apps, USB flash drive, User space, Video card, Video game, Video game console, Virtual assistant, Virtual desktop, Virtual reality, Virtual reality headset, Volume licensing, Vox Media, WannaCry ransomware attack, Web application, Web browser, Web standards, Web traffic, Webcam, Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, Win32 console, Windows 1.0, Windows 10, Windows 10 editions, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows API, Windows Defender, Windows Display Driver Model, Windows domain, Windows Driver Frameworks, Windows Genuine Advantage, Windows Imaging Format, Windows Insider, Windows IoT, Windows Media Center, Windows Media Player, Windows Mixed Reality, Windows NT, Windows Phone, Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Registry, Windows RT, Windows Runtime, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server Update Services, Windows shell, Windows Subsystem for Linux, Windows Update, Windows Vista, Windows XP, WinRAR, Wired (magazine), X86-64, Xbox, Xbox (software), Xbox Live, Xbox One, ZDNet, Zero-day (computing), Ziff Davis, .NET Framework, 1024 (number), 2-in-1 PC, 32-bit, 3DNow!, 64-bit computing. 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Action Center is a notification center included with Windows Phone 8.1, Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile.
An advertising campaign is a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme which make up an integrated marketing communication (IMC).
Adware, or advertising-supported software, is software that generates revenue for its developer by automatically generating online advertisements in the user interface of the software or on a screen presented to the user during the installation process.
The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU), formerly known as Fusion, is the marketing term for a series of 64-bit microprocessors from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), designed to act as a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics accelerator unit (GPU) on a single die.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
The architecture of Windows NT, a line of operating systems produced and sold by Microsoft, is a layered design that consists of two main components, user mode and kernel mode.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities while also including the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.
Atom is a system on a chip (SoC) platform designed for smartphones and tablet computers, launched by Intel in 2012.
Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment whose elements are "augmented" by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
Bash is a Unix shell and command language written by Brian Fox for the GNU Project as a free software replacement for the Bourne shell.
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft.
Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations.
BitLocker is a full disk encryption feature included with Windows Vista and later.
A BitTorrent tracker is a special type of server, one that assists in the communication between peers using the BitTorrent protocol.
A stop error, better known as a Blue Screen of Death (also known as a blue screen or BSOD) is an error screen displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error, also known as a system crash: when the operating system reaches a condition where it can no longer operate safely.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
Browser hijacking is a form of unwanted software that modifies a web browser's settings without a user's permission, to inject unwanted advertising into the user's browser.
Microsoft Build (often stylised as) is an annual conference event held by Microsoft, aimed towards software engineers and web developers using Windows, Windows Phone, Microsoft Azure and other Microsoft technologies.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
Candy Crush Saga is a free-to-play match-three puzzle video game released by King on April 12, 2012, for Facebook; other versions for iOS, Android, Windows Phone, and Windows 10 followed.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Chrome OS is an operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.
The clipboard is a data buffer used for short-term data storage and/or data transfer between documents or applications used by cut, copy and paste operations and provided by the operating system.
The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a chip like a central processing unit (CPU), one core of a multi-core processor, is running and is used as an indicator of the processor's speed.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source.
These tables provide a comparison of operating systems, of computer devices, as listing general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available PC or handheld (including smartphone and tablet computer) operating systems.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
The Control Panel is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
Cortana is a virtual assistant created by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Invoke smart speaker, Microsoft Band, Xbox One, iOS, Android, Windows Mixed Reality, and soon Amazon Alexa.
CPU-Z is a freeware system profiling and monitoring application for Microsoft Windows and Android that detects the central processing unit, RAM, motherboard chipset, and other hardware features of a modern personal computer or Android device.
In human–computer interaction, cut, copy and paste are related commands that offer a user-interface interprocess communication technique for transferring data.
Data anonymization is a type of information sanitization whose intent is privacy protection.
A data cap, also known as a bandwidth cap, is an artificial restriction imposed on the transfer of data over a network.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital privacy is a trending social concern.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
A digital watermark is a kind of marker covertly embedded in a noise-tolerant signal such as an audio, video or image data.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
Disk Cleanup (cleanmgr.exe) is a computer maintenance utility included in Microsoft Windows designed to free up disk space on a computer's hard drive.
Dona Sarkar is the head of the Windows Insider Program at Microsoft.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
An Extended Validation Certificate (EV) is a certificate used for HTTPS websites and software that proves the legal entity controlling the website or software package.
ExtremeTech is a technology weblog about hardware, computer software, science and other technologies which launched in May 2001.
f.lux is a cross-platform computer program that adjusts a display's color temperature according to location and time of day so that the eyes could rest.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
A facial recognition system is a technology capable of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
The FIDO ("Fast IDentity Online") Alliance is an industry consortium launched in February 2013 to address the lack of interoperability among strong authentication devices and the problems users face creating and remembering multiple usernames and passwords.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software package that includes a codec implementation.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Fluent Design System (codenamed Project Neon), officially unveiled as Microsoft Fluent Design System, is a design language developed in 2017 by Microsoft.
Freemium is a pricing strategy by which a product or service (typically a digital offering or an application such as software, media, games or web services) is provided free of charge, but money (premium) is charged for additional features, services, or virtual goods.
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The Game Developers Conference (GDC) is the largest annual gathering of professional video game developers, focusing on learning, inspiration, and networking.
Gartner, Inc. is a global research and advisory firm providing insights, advice, and tools for leaders in IT, Finance, HR, Customer Service and Support, Legal and Compliance, Marketing, Sales, and Supply Chain functions across the world.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
GitHub Inc. is a web-based hosting service for version control using Git.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
Google Now was a feature of Google Search offering predictive cards with information and daily updates in the Google app for Android and iOS.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Group Policy is a feature of the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that controls the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts.
Guardian Media Group plc (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including The Guardian and The Observer.
Halo is a military science fiction first-person shooter video game franchise created by Bungie and now managed and developed by 343 Industries, a subsidiary of Microsoft Studios.
Hearst Communications, often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City, New York.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
Computer operating systems (OSes) provide a set of functions needed and used by most application programs on a computer, and the links needed to control and synchronize computer hardware.
Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.
The Houston Chronicle is the largest daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States.
HP (also known as HP Inc. and stylized as hp) is an American technology company which develops personal computers (PCs), printers and related supplies, as well as 3D Printing solutions.
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
Microsoft Hyper-V, codenamed Viridian and formerly known as Windows Server Virtualization, is a native hypervisor; it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows.
A hypervisor or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
IEEE 802.1X is an IEEE Standard for port-based Network Access Control (PNAC).
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
In computing, an input–output memory management unit (IOMMU) is a memory management unit (MMU) that connects a direct-memory-access–capable (DMA-capable) I/O bus to the main memory.
InstantGo (formerly Connected Standby) is a Microsoft specification for Windows 8 hardware and software that aims to bring smartphone-type power management capabilities to the PC platform, as well as increasing physical security.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
Intel RealSense Technology, is a suite of depth and tracking technologies designed to give machines and devices depth perceptions capabilities that will enable them to “see” and understand the world. There are many uses for these computer vision capabilities including autonomous drones, robots, AR/VR, smart home devices amongst many others broad market products.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
An ISO image is a disk image optical discs.
Kaby Lake is an Intel codename for a processor microarchitecture Intel announced on August 30, 2016.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
Kim Komando is the host of a radio show about consumer technology.
Kinect (codenamed Project Natal during development) is a line of motion sensing input devices that was produced by Microsoft for Xbox 360 and Xbox One video game consoles and Microsoft Windows PCs.
King Digital Entertainment Ltd, doing business as King, is a social games development company.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
This is a list of operating systems.
A live USB is a USB flash drive or external hard disk drive containing a full operating system that can be booted.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
A lock screen is a computer user interface element used by various operating systems.
A low-level programming language is a programming language that provides little or no abstraction from a computer's instruction set architecture—commands or functions in the language map closely to processor instructions.
Mary Jo Foley is an American freelance technology writer, author, podcaster and news editor.
The Matroska Multimedia Container is an open standard, free container format, a file format that can hold an unlimited number of video, audio, picture, or subtitle tracks in one file.
Metro (officially known as Microsoft design language or MDL) is a design language created by Microsoft.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft account or MSA (previously known as Microsoft Passport,.NET Passport, Microsoft Passport Network, and Windows Live ID) is a single sign-on web service developed and provided by Microsoft that allows users to log into websites (like Outlook.com), devices (e.g. Windows 10 computers and tablets, Windows Phones, or Xbox consoles), and applications (including Visual Studio) using one account.
Microsoft Application Virtualization (also known as App-V; formerly Softricity SoftGrid) is an application virtualization and application streaming solution from Microsoft.
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
Microsoft Edge (codename "Spartan") is a web browser developed by Microsoft and included in Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile and Xbox One, replacing Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.
Microsoft family features (includes family safety features formerly known as Microsoft Family Safety, formerly Parental Controls in Windows 7 and Vista), is a free set of features available on Windows 10 PC and Mobile that is bundled with the Windows 10 operating system.
Microsoft Graph is a Microsoft developer platform that connects multiple services and devices.
Microsoft HoloLens, known under development as Project Baraboo, is a pair of mixed reality smartglasses developed and manufactured by Microsoft.
Microsoft Imagine, formerly known as DreamSpark and MSDN-AA, is a Microsoft program to provide students with software design and development tools free of cost.
Microsoft Inspire, (formerly the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference, and previously abbreviated WPC), is a conference held annually by Microsoft Corporation for its partner community.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Office mobile apps are productivity mobile apps developed by Microsoft for Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, iOS, Android, and also works on Chrome OS.
Microsoft OneNote is a computer program for free-form information gathering and multi-user collaboration.
Microsoft Product Activation is a DRM technology used by Microsoft Corporation in several of its computer software programs, most notably its Windows operating system and its Office productivity suite.
Microsoft Software Assurance (SA) is a Microsoft maintenance program aimed at business users who use Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, and other server and desktop applications.
Microsoft Solitaire Collection is a video game included with Windows 10.
Microsoft Store (formerly known as Windows Store prior to October 2017) is a digital distribution platform for Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft Studios is the video game production wing for Microsoft, responsible for the development and publishing of games for the Xbox, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Games for Windows, Steam, Windows Store and Windows Phone platforms.
Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems.
Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows was announced by Bill Gates on November 10, 1983.
Microtransaction (sometimes abbreviated as MTX) is a business model where users can purchase virtual goods via micropayments.
Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system.
Miracast is a standard for wireless connections from devices (such as laptops, tablets, or smartphones) to displays (such as TVs, monitors or projectors), introduced in 2012.
A mission critical factor of a system is any factor (component, equipment, personnel, process, procedure, software, etc.) that is essential to business operation or to an organization.
Mixer (formerly Beam) is a Seattle-based live streaming video platform owned by Microsoft.
Modding is a slang expression that is derived from the verb "modify".
Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a method of confirming a user's claimed identity in which a user is granted access only after successfully presenting 2 or more pieces of evidence (or factors) to an authentication mechanism: knowledge (something they and only they know), possession (something they and only they have), and inherence (something they and only they are).
In computing, multi-touch is technology that enables a surface (a trackpad or touchscreen) to recognize the presence of more than one or more than two points of contact with the surface.
New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian television media company founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy, a journalist.
Nikolai Vladimirovich Levichev (Николай Владимирович Левичев, born May 28, 1953) is a Russian politician.
In computing, a notification area (also system tray or status area) is the portion of the user interface that displays icons for system and program features that have no presence on the desktop as well as the time and the volume icon.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
The NX bit (no-execute) is a technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use by either storage of processor instructions (code) or for storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard architecture processors.
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.
Office 365 is a line of subscription services offered by Microsoft, as part of the Microsoft Office product line.
OneDrive (previously SkyDrive, Windows Live SkyDrive, and Windows Live Folders) is a file hosting service operated by Microsoft as part of its suite of Office Online services.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
openSUSE, formerly SUSE Linux and SuSE Linux Professional, is a Linux-based project and distribution sponsored by SUSE Linux GmbH and other companies.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
OS X Yosemite (version 10.10) is the eleventh major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Outlook.com is a web-based suite of webmail, contacts, tasks, and calendaring services from Microsoft.
In computer science, overhead is any combination of excess or indirect computation time, memory, bandwidth, or other resources that are required to perform a specific task.
Paint 3D, a spinoff of Microsoft Paint, is one of several applications introduced with the Windows 10 Creators Update and one of several 3D modeling applications introduced or improved with the Windows 10 Creators Update, along with View 3D, Windows Mixed Reality, Holograms, and 3D Builder.
Parental controls are features which may be included in digital television services, computer and video games, mobile devices and software that allow parents to restrict the access of content to their children.
A password is a word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource (example: an access code is a type of password), which is to be kept secret from those not allowed access.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
Perceptive Pixel is a division of Microsoft specializing in research, development and production of multi-touch interfaces.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
In computing, Physical Address Extension (PAE), sometimes referred to as Page Address Extension, is a memory management feature for the x86 architecture.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
The plateau effect is a force of nature that lessens the effectiveness of once effective measures over time.
In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.
Qihoo 360 (approximate pronunciation CHEE-hoo), full name Qihoo 360 Technology Co.
Snapdragon is a suite of system on a chip (SoC) semiconductor products for mobile devices designed and marketed by Qualcomm Technologies Inc.
The Qualcomm Snapdragon LTE modems are a series of 4G LTE, LTE Advanced and LTE Advanced Pro modems found in many phones, tablets, laptops, watches and even cars.
Quantum Break is a science fiction action-adventure third-person shooter video game developed by Remedy Entertainment and published by Microsoft Studios.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Ransomware is a type of malicious software from cryptovirology that threatens to publish the victim's data or perpetually block access to it unless a ransom is paid.
ReCore is an action-adventure platform video game developed by Comcept and Armature Studio, with major assistance by Asobo Studio, and published by Microsoft Studios for Microsoft Windows and Xbox One.
Responsive web design (RWD) is an approach to web design which makes web pages render well on a variety of devices and window or screen sizes.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rock, Paper, Shotgun (also known as RPS) is a UK-based blog operated by Rock, Paper, Shotgun Ltd and authored by Alec Meer, Jim Rossignol, Adam Smith, John Walker, and formerly also Kieron Gillen and Quintin Smith.
Ryzen is a brand of central processing units (CPUs) and accelerated processing units (APUs) marketed and designed by AMD (Advanced Micro Devices).
In computer security, a sandbox is a security mechanism for separating running programs, usually in an effort to mitigate system failures or software vulnerabilities from spreading.
Second Level Address Translation (SLAT), also known as nested paging, is a hardware-assisted virtualization technology which makes it possible to avoid the overhead associated with software-managed shadow page tables.
A secure attention key (SAK) or secure attention sequence (SAS) is a special key or key combination to be pressed on a computer keyboard before a login screen which must, to the user, be completely trustworthy.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
Security and Maintenance (formerly known as Action Center, and Security Center in earlier versions) is a component of the Windows NT family of operating systems that monitors the security and maintenance status of the computer.
In computer networking, Server Message Block (SMB), one version of which was also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), operates as an application-layer network protocol mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.
In IEEE 802.11 wireless local area networking standards, a service set is a group of wireless network devices that are operating with the same networking parameters.
A shared source or source available software source code distribution model includes arrangements where the source can be viewed, and in some cases modified, but without necessarily meeting the criteria to be called open source.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
In computing, a shatter attack is a programming technique employed by crackers on Microsoft Windows operating systems to bypass security restrictions between processes in a session.
Siri (pronounced) is a virtual assistant part of Apple Inc.'s iOS, watchOS, macOS, and tvOS operating systems.
Skylake is the codename used by Intel for a processor microarchitecture that was launched in August 2015 succeeding the Broadwell microarchitecture.
Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones.
Skype for Business (formerly Microsoft Office Communicator and Microsoft Lync) is an instant messaging client used with Skype for Business Server or with Skype for Business Online (available with Microsoft Office 365).
Small-claims courts have limited jurisdiction to hear civil cases between private litigants.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
Softpedia is a website from Romania that indexes information and provides primarily software information and downloads.
Software Ecosystem is a book written by David G. Messerschmitt and Clemens Szyperski that explains the essence and effects of a "software ecosystem", defined as a set of businesses functioning as a unit and interacting with a shared market for software and services, together with relationships among them.
A software license is a legal instrument (usually by way of contract law, with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
Speccy, developed by Piriform, is a freeware utility software and runs under Microsoft Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Vista and XP for both IA-32 and x64 versions of these operating systems, which shows the user information about hardware and software of the computer.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
SSE2 (Streaming SIMD Extensions 2) is one of the Intel SIMD (Single Instruction, Multiple Data) processor supplementary instruction sets first introduced by Intel with the initial version of the Pentium 4 in 2000.
The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.
Statcounter is a web traffic analysis tool.
The Surface Hub is a brand of interactive whiteboard developed and marketed by Microsoft, as part of the Microsoft Surface family.
The Surface Laptop is a laptop designed and produced by Microsoft, part of the company's Surface line of personal computing devices.
The SAM Lock Tool, better known as Syskey (the name of its executable file) was a discontinued component of Microsoft Windows that encrypted the Security Account Manager (SAM) database using a 128-bit RC4 encryption key.
In computing, a system call is the programmatic way in which a computer program requests a service from the kernel of the operating system it is executed on.
To be used efficiently, all computer software needs certain hardware components or other software resources to be present on a computer.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
TechRadar is an online publication focused on technology, with editorial teams in the US, UK, Australia and India.
Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese multinational investment holding conglomerate whose subsidiaries specialize in various Internet-related services and products, entertainment, artificial intelligence and technology both in China and globally.
Terry Myerson (born 1972 or 1973) is an Executive Vice President of Microsoft and the former head of its Windows and Devices Group.
The Seattle Times is a daily newspaper serving Seattle, Washington, United States.
The Verge is an American technology news and media network operated by Vox Media.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
Thomson Reuters Corporation is a Canadian multinational mass media and information firm.
In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
In software, a toolchain is a set of programming tools that are used to perform a complex software development task or to create a software product, which is typically another computer program or a set of related programs.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
Trident (also known as MSHTML) is a proprietary browser engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer, developed by Microsoft.
Trusted Platform Module (TPM, also known as ISO/IEC 11889) is an international standard for a secure cryptoprocessor, a dedicated microcontroller designed to secure hardware through integrated cryptographic keys.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Universal Windows Platform (UWP) is an API created by Microsoft and first introduced in Windows 10.
Universal Windows Platform (UWP) apps (formerly Windows Store apps and Metro-style apps) are apps that can be used across all compatible Microsoft Windows devices, including personal computers (PCs), tablets, smartphones, Xbox One, Microsoft HoloLens, and Internet of Things.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
A modern computer operating system usually segregates virtual memory into kernel space and user space.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
A virtual assistant is a software agent that can perform tasks or services for an individual.
In computing, a virtual desktop is a term used with respect to user interfaces, usually within the WIMP paradigm, to describe ways in which the virtual space of a computer's desktop environment is expanded beyond the physical limits of the screen's display area through the use of software.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
A virtual reality headset is a head-mounted device that provides virtual reality for the wearer.
In software licensing, a volume licensing is the practice of selling a license authorizing one computer program to be used on a large number of computers or by a large number of users.
Vox Media is an American digital media company founded on July 14, 2005 as SportsBlogs Inc.
The WannaCry ransomware attack was a May 2017 worldwide cyberattack by the WannaCry ransomware cryptoworm, which targeted computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system by encrypting data and demanding ransom payments in the Bitcoin cryptocurrency.
In computing, a web application or web app is a client–server computer program which the client (including the user interface and client-side logic) runs in a web browser.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Web standards are the formal, non-proprietary standards and other technical specifications that define and describe aspects of the World Wide Web.
Web traffic is the amount of data sent and received by visitors to a website.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Wi-Fi Direct, initially called Wi-Fi P2P, is a Wi-Fi standard enabling devices to easily connect with each other without requiring a wireless access point.
Win32 console is a text user interface implementation within the system of Windows API, which runs console applications.
Windows 1.0 is a graphical personal computer operating environment developed by Microsoft.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 10 has twelve editions, all with varying feature sets, use cases, or intended devices.
Windows 10 Mobile is a mobile operating system developed by Microsoft, released in 2015.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 8.1 (codenamed Blue) is a computer operating system released by Microsoft.
The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Windows Defender (called Windows Defender Antivirus in Windows 10 Creators Update) is an anti-malware component of Microsoft Windows.
Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the graphic driver architecture for video card drivers running Microsoft Windows versions beginning with Windows Vista.
A Windows domain is a form of a computer network in which all user accounts, computers, printers and other security principals, are registered with a central database located on one or more clusters of central computers known as domain controllers.
Windows Driver Frameworks (WDF, formerly Windows Driver Foundation), is a set of Microsoft tools and libraries that aid in the creation of device drivers for Windows 2000 and later versions of Windows.
Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) is an anti-infringement system created by Microsoft that enforces online validation of the licensing of several recent Microsoft Windows operating systems when accessing several services, such as Windows Update, and downloading Windows components from the Microsoft Download Center.
The Windows Imaging Format (WIM) is a file-based disk image format.
Windows Insider is an open software testing program by Microsoft that allows users who own a valid license of Windows 10 or Windows Server 2016 to sign up for pre-release builds of the operating system previously only accessible to developers.
Windows IoT, formerly Windows Embedded, is a family of operating systems from Microsoft designed for use in embedded systems.
Windows Media Center (WMC) is a discontinued digital video recorder and media player created by Microsoft.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Mixed Reality (formerly Windows Holographic) is a mixed reality platform introduced as part of the Windows 10 operating system, which provides holographic and mixed reality experiences with compatible head-mounted displays.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.
Windows Phone 8.1 is the third generation of Microsoft's Windows Phone mobile operating system, succeeding Windows Phone 8.
The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.
Windows RT is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Runtime (WinRT) is a platform-agnostic application architecture first introduced in Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 in 2012.
Windows Server 2016 is a server operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems, developed concurrently with Windows 10.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), previously known as Software Update Services (SUS), is a computer program developed by Microsoft Corporation that enables administrators to manage the distribution of updates and hotfixes released for Microsoft products to computers in a corporate environment.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is a compatibility layer for running Linux binary executables (in ELF format) natively on Windows 10.
Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
WinRAR is a trialware file archiver utility for Windows, developed by Eugene Roshal of win.rar GmbH.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft.
The Xbox app (originally known as Xbox 360 SmartGlass and Xbox One Smartglass) is a dashboard for Xbox Live accounts.
Xbox Live is an online multiplayer gaming and digital media delivery service created and operated by Microsoft.
Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
A zero-day (also known as 0-day) vulnerability is a computer-software vulnerability that is unknown to those who would be interested in mitigating the vulnerability (including the vendor of the target software).
Ziff Davis, LLC is an American publisher and Internet company.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
1024 is the natural number following 1023 and preceding 1025.
A 2-in-1 PC, also known as a 2-in-1 tablet, 2-in-1 laptop, 2-in-1 detachable, laplet, tabtop, or simply 2-in-1, is a portable computer that has features of both tablets and laptops.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3DNow! is an extension to the x86 instruction set developed by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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