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Windows 2000

Index Windows 2000

Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers. [1]

323 relations: Abraham Silberschatz, Active Desktop, Active Directory, ActiveSync, ActiveX, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface, American Broadcasting Company, Application programming interface, Application server, Application software, Arabic, Architecture of Windows NT, Armenian language, Assistive technology, Baltic languages, Blacklisting, Blaster (computer worm), Block (data storage), Blue Screen of Death, Boot disk, Brahmic scripts, Buffer overflow, CBS Interactive, CD-ROM, Central processing unit, CERT Coordination Center, Certificate authority, Change control, CHKDSK, Cipher, Client (computing), CNET, CNN, CNNMoney, Code Red (computer worm), Code Red II, COM Structured Storage, Command-line interface, Commercial software, Compaq, Comparison of operating systems, Component Object Model, Computer cluster, Computer keyboard, Computer mouse, Computer virus, Condé Nast, Core dump, Cyrillic script, D3DX, ..., Data Protection API, Debugging, DEC Alpha, DEC Multia, Device Manager, Dial-up Internet access, Directory service, DirectX, Disability, Disk Defragmenter (Windows), Disk image, Disk quota, Diskpart, Distributed File System (Microsoft), Domain controller, Domain name, Domain Name System, Driver Verifier, Dynamic DNS, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Ease of Access, Encrypting File System, Encryption, English language, Enterprise software, Event Viewer, Exploit (computer security), Extensible Authentication Protocol, Fault tolerance, File Allocation Table, File Explorer, File Replication Service, File server, File sharing, File system, Filename extension, FilterKeys, Folder redirection, Gannett Company, Georgian language, Gigabyte, Greek language, Group Policy, Hardware abstraction, Hebrew language, Hibernation (computing), Hierarchical storage management, High availability, High-availability cluster, Hotfix, HTML, Hybrid kernel, IA-32, Indexing Service, InformationWeek, INI file, Installation (computer programs), Integrated Windows Authentication, IntelliPoint, International Data Corporation, Internet Authentication Service, Internet Connection Sharing, Internet Explorer, Internet Explorer 4, Internet Explorer 5, Internet Explorer 6, Internet Explorer 7, Internet Information Services, Internet Protocol, Internet protocol suite, IPsec, Itanium, Japanese language, Java (programming language), Java virtual machine, Jim Allchin, Joystick, Kerberos (protocol), Keypad, Kilobyte, Korean language, Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, Linux, Load balancing (computing), Locale (computer software), Log file, Logical Disk Manager, Magnifier (Windows), Malicious Software Removal Tool, Managed DirectX, Mary Jo Foley, Menu bar, Microprocessor, Microsoft, Microsoft Agent, Microsoft Cluster Server, Microsoft CryptoAPI, Microsoft Data Access Components, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator, Microsoft DNS, Microsoft FreeCell, Microsoft Management Console, Microsoft Message Queuing, Microsoft Minesweeper, Microsoft Narrator, Microsoft Neptune, Microsoft NetMeeting, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office 2003, Microsoft Press, Microsoft Product Activation, Microsoft Servers, Microsoft Solitaire, Microsoft Speech API, Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft TechNet, Microsoft Transaction Server, Microsoft Visual C++, Modifier key, Mouse keys, MS-CHAP, MSXML, Multicast, Multilingual User Interface, Native (computing), NetBIOS over TCP/IP, NetIQ eDirectory, Network address translation, Network Computer, Network interface controller, Network Load Balancing Services, Network Time Protocol, Nimda, NoSQL, Novell, NT LAN Manager, NTBackup, NTFS, NTFS junction point, NTFS reparse point, NTFS volume mount point, NTLDR, Object Manager (Windows), OpenType, Operating system, Outlook Express, Palatino, Patch (computing), Patch Tuesday, Pentium II, Penton (company), Physical Address Extension, Piano, Plug and play, PostScript, PostScript fonts, Power user, Preboot Execution Environment, Proprietary software, Public key infrastructure, Public-key cryptography, Quality of service, RADIUS, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Recovery Console, Remote computer, Remote Desktop Protocol, Remote Desktop Services, Remote Installation Services, Roaming user profile, Routing, Routing and Remote Access Service, Runtime system, SANS Institute, Scalability, Screen magnifier, Screen reader, Security Support Provider Interface, Serial Bus Protocol 2, Server (computing), Server Message Block, Service pack, Shared resource, Shared source, Shortcut (computing), Simplified Chinese characters, Single-instance storage, Smart card, Sobig, Software deployment, Software Engineering Institute, Software release life cycle, Sophos, Source code, Span and div, Sparse file, Special folder, SPNEGO, SRV record, Standard RAID levels, Start menu, Sticky keys, Symmetric multiprocessing, Symmetric-key algorithm, Sysprep, System administrator, System File Checker, System partition and boot partition, System requirements, Systems management, Taskbar, Telephony Application Programming Interface, Thai language, The Japan Times, The New York Times Company, Tooltip, Total cost of ownership, Traditional Chinese characters, Tree view, Turkic languages, Unicast, United States Department of Homeland Security, Universal Disk Format, USA Today, USB, USB mass storage device class, User interface, Video game developer, Vietnamese language, Virtual keyboard, Virtual private network, Vulnerability, WarnerMedia, WebDAV, Windows 98, Windows 9x, Windows Address Book, Windows Desktop Update, Windows domain, Windows Driver Model, Windows File Protection, Windows Firewall, Windows Genuine Advantage, Windows Installer, Windows IT Pro, Windows Live Messenger, Windows Management Instrumentation, Windows ME, Windows Media Encoder, Windows Media Player, Windows Media Services, Windows Messenger, Windows NT, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Registry, Windows Script Host, Windows Server 2003, Windows service, Windows Task Scheduler, Windows Update, Windows Vista, Windows Vista I/O technologies, Windows XP, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Wired (magazine), XAudio2, ZDNet, Zotob, .NET Framework version history, 64-bit computing. Expand index (273 more) »

Abraham Silberschatz

Avi Silberschatz was born in Haifa, Israel.

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Active Desktop

Active Desktop was a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0's optional Windows Desktop Update that allowed users to add HTML content to the desktop, along with some other features.

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Active Directory

Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks.

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ActiveSync is a mobile data synchronization app developed by Microsoft, originally released in 1996.

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ActiveX is a software framework created by Microsoft that adapts its earlier Component Object Model (COM) and Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technologies for content downloaded from a network, particularly from the World Wide Web.

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Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

In a computer, the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) provides an open standard that operating systems can use to discover and configure computer hardware components, to perform power management by (for example) putting unused components to sleep, and to perform status monitoring.

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American Broadcasting Company

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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Application programming interface

In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.

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Application server

An application server is a software framework that provides both facilities to create web applications and a server environment to run them.

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Application software

An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

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Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Architecture of Windows NT

The architecture of Windows NT, a line of operating systems produced and sold by Microsoft, is a layered design that consists of two main components, user mode and kernel mode.

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Armenian language

The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.

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Assistive technology

Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities while also including the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.

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Baltic languages

The Baltic languages belong to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list.

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Blaster (computer worm)

Blaster Worm (also known as Lovsan, Lovesan or MSBlast) is a computer worm that spread on computers running operating systems Windows XP and Windows 2000, during August 2003.

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Block (data storage)

In computing (specifically data transmission and data storage), a block, sometimes called a physical record, is a sequence of bytes or bits, usually containing some whole number of records, having a maximum length, a block size.

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Blue Screen of Death

A stop error, better known as a Blue Screen of Death (also known as a blue screen or BSOD) is an error screen displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error, also known as a system crash: when the operating system reaches a condition where it can no longer operate safely.

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Boot disk

A boot disk is a removable digital data storage medium from which a computer can load and run (boot) an operating system or utility program.

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Brahmic scripts

The Brahmic scripts are a family of abugida or alphabet writing systems.

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Buffer overflow

In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.

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CBS Interactive

CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.

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A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.

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Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

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CERT Coordination Center

The CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC) is the coordination center of the computer emergency response team (CERT) for the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a non-profit United States federally funded research and development center.

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Certificate authority

In cryptography, a certificate authority or certification authority (CA) is an entity that issues digital certificates.

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Change control

Change control within quality management systems (QMS) and information technology (IT) systems is a process—either formal or informal—used to ensure that changes to a product or system are introduced in a controlled and coordinated manner.

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CHKDSK (short for "check disk") is a system tool in DOS, OS/2 and Windows.

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In cryptography, a cipher (or cypher) is an algorithm for performing encryption or decryption—a series of well-defined steps that can be followed as a procedure.

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Client (computing)

A client is a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server.

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CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.

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Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

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CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.

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Code Red (computer worm)

Code Red was a computer worm observed on the Internet on July 15, 2001.

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Code Red II

Code Red II is a computer worm similar to the Code Red worm.

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COM Structured Storage

COM Structured Storage (variously also known as COM structured storage or OLE structured storage) is a technology developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows operating system for storing hierarchical data within a single file.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Commercial software

Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.

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Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.

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Comparison of operating systems

These tables provide a comparison of operating systems, of computer devices, as listing general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available PC or handheld (including smartphone and tablet computer) operating systems.

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Component Object Model

Component Object Model (COM) is a binary-interface standard for software components introduced by Microsoft in 1993.

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Computer cluster

A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.

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Computer keyboard

In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.

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Computer mouse

A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.

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Computer virus

A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.

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Condé Nast

Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.

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Core dump

In computing, a core dump, crash dump, memory dump, or system dump consists of the recorded state of the working memory of a computer program at a specific time, generally when the program has crashed or otherwise terminated abnormally.

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Cyrillic script

The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).

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In computing, D3DX (Direct3D Extension) is a deprecated high level API library which is written to supplement Microsoft's Direct3D graphics API.

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Data Protection API

DPAPI (Data Protection Application Programming Interface) is a simple cryptographic application programming interface available as a built-in component in Windows 2000 and later versions of Microsoft Windows operating systems.

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Debugging is the process of finding and resolving defects or problems within a computer program that prevent correct operation of computer software or a system.

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DEC Alpha

Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.

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DEC Multia

The Multia, later re-branded the Universal Desktop Box, was a line of desktop computers introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation on 7 November 1994.

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Device Manager

Device Manager is a Control Panel applet in Microsoft Windows operating systems.

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Dial-up Internet access

Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line.

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Directory service

In computing, directory service or name service maps the names of network resources to their respective network addresses.

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Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.

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A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.

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Disk Defragmenter (Windows)

Disk Defragmenter is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique called defragmentation.

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Disk image

A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.

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Disk quota

A disk quota is a limit set by a system administrator that restricts certain aspects of file system usage on modern operating systems.

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diskpart is a command-line disk partitioning utility included in Windows 2000 and later, replacing its predecessor, fdisk.

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Distributed File System (Microsoft)

Distributed File System (DFS) is a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows servers to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system.

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Domain controller

On Microsoft Servers, a domain controller (DC) is a server computer that responds to security authentication requests (logging in, checking permissions, etc.) within a Windows domain.

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Domain name

A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.

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Domain Name System

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.

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Driver Verifier

Driver Verifier is a tool included in Microsoft Windows that replaces the default operating system subroutines with ones that are specifically developed to catch device driver bugs.

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Dynamic DNS

Dynamic DNS (DDNS or DynDNS) is a method of automatically updating a name server in the Domain Name System (DNS), often in real time, with the active DDNS configuration of its configured hostnames, addresses or other information.

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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.

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Ease of Access

Ease of Access Center, formerly Utility Manager, is a component of Windows NT family of operating systems that enables use of assistive technologies.

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Encrypting File System

The Encrypting File System (EFS) on Microsoft Windows is a feature introduced in version 3.0 of NTFS that provides filesystem-level encryption.

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In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Enterprise software

Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software (EAS), is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.

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Event Viewer

Event Viewer is a component of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems that lets administrators and users view the event logs on a local or remote machine.

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Exploit (computer security)

An exploit (from the English verb to exploit, meaning "to use something to one’s own advantage") is a piece of software, a chunk of data, or a sequence of commands that takes advantage of a bug or vulnerability to cause unintended or unanticipated behavior to occur on computer software, hardware, or something electronic (usually computerized).

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Extensible Authentication Protocol

Extensible Authentication Protocol, or EAP, is an authentication framework frequently used in wireless networks and point-to-point connections.

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Fault tolerance

Fault tolerance is the property that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure (or one or more faults within) some of its components.

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File Allocation Table

File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.

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File Explorer

File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.

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File Replication Service

File Replication Service (FRS) is a Microsoft Windows Server service for distributing shared files and Group Policy Objects.

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File server

In computing, a file server (or fileserver) is a computer attached to a network that provides a location for shared disk access, i.e. shared storage of computer files (such as text, image, sound, video) that can be accessed by the workstations that are able to reach the computer that shares the access through a computer network.

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File sharing

File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.

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File system

In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.

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Filename extension

A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.

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FilterKeys is a feature of Microsoft Windows.

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Folder redirection

In computing, and specifically in the context of Microsoft Windows operating systems, Microsoft refers to Folder Redirection when automatically re-routing I/O to/from standard folders (directories) to use storage elsewhere on a network.

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Gannett Company

Gannett Company, Inc. is a publicly traded American media holding company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia, near McLean in Greater Washington DC.

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Georgian language

Georgian (ქართული ენა, translit.) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.

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The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Group Policy

Group Policy is a feature of the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that controls the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts.

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Hardware abstraction

Hardware abstractions are sets of routines in software that emulate some platform-specific details, giving programs direct access to the hardware resources.

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Hebrew language

No description.

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Hibernation (computing)

Hibernation (or suspend to disk) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state.

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Hierarchical storage management

Hierarchical storage management (HSM) is a data storage technique that automatically moves data between high-cost and low-cost storage media.

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High availability

High availability is a characteristic of a system, which aims to ensure an agreed level of operational performance, usually uptime, for a higher than normal period.

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High-availability cluster

High-availability clusters (also known as HA clusters or fail-over clusters) are groups of computers that support server applications that can be reliably utilized with a minimum amount of down-time.

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A hotfix or quick-fix engineering update (QFE update) is a single, cumulative package that includes information (often in the form of one or more files) that is used to address a problem in a software product (i.e., a software bug).

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Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.

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Hybrid kernel

A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.

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IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.

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Indexing Service

Indexing Service (originally called Index Server) was a Windows service that maintained an index of most of the files on a computer to improve searching performance on PCs and corporate computer networks.

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InformationWeek is a digital magazine which conducts corresponding face-to-face events, virtual events, and research.

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INI file

The INI file format is an informal standard for configuration files for some platforms or software.

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Installation (computer programs)

Installation (or setup) of a computer program (including device drivers and plugins), is the act of making the program ready for execution.

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Integrated Windows Authentication

Integrated Windows Authentication (IWA) is a term associated with Microsoft products that refers to the SPNEGO, Kerberos, and NTLMSSP authentication protocols with respect to SSPI functionality introduced with Microsoft Windows 2000 and included with later Windows NT-based operating systems.

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Microsoft IntelliPoint is the Microsoft-branded software driver for the company's hardware mice.

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International Data Corporation

International Data Corporation (IDC) is a provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets.

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Internet Authentication Service

Internet Authentication Service (IAS) is a component of Windows Server operating systems that provides centralized user authentication, authorization and accounting.

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Internet Connection Sharing

Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is a Windows service that enables one Internet-connected computer to share its Internet connection with other computers on a local area network (LAN).

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Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.

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Internet Explorer 4

Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 (IE4) is a graphical web browser that Microsoft released in October 1997, primarily for Microsoft Windows, but also with versions available for the classic Mac OS, Solaris, and HP-UX - Robert McMillan writing for SunWorld (November 5, 1997) - Help and Support page on Microsoft's website (August 17, 2005) and marketed as "The Web the Way You Want It".

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Internet Explorer 5

Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.

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Internet Explorer 6

Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.

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Internet Explorer 7

Windows Internet Explorer 7 (IE7) (codenamed Rincon) is a web browser for Windows.

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Internet Information Services

Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly Internet Information Server) is an extensible web server created by Microsoft for use with the Windows NT family.

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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Internet protocol suite

The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.

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In computing, Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a secure network protocol suite of IPv4 that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data sent over an IPv4 network.

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Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Java virtual machine

A Java virtual machine (JVM) is a virtual machine that enables a computer to run Java programs as well as programs written in other languages and compiled to Java bytecode.

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Jim Allchin

James Edward Allchin (born 1951, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States) is an American blues rock guitarist, philanthropist, and a former Microsoft executive.

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A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.

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Kerberos (protocol)

Kerberos is a computer network authentication protocol that works on the basis of tickets to allow nodes communicating over a non-secure network to prove their identity to one another in a secure manner.

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A keypad is a set of buttons arranged in a block or "pad" which bear digits, symbols or alphabetical letters.

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The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Korean language

The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.

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Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

In computer networking, Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) is a tunneling protocol used to support virtual private networks (VPNs) or as part of the delivery of services by ISPs.

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Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an open, vendor-neutral, industry standard application protocol for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an Internet Protocol (IP) network.

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Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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Load balancing (computing)

In computing, load balancing improves the distribution of workloads across multiple computing resources, such as computers, a computer cluster, network links, central processing units, or disk drives.

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Locale (computer software)

In computing, a locale is a set of parameters that defines the user's language, region and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface.

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Log file

In computing, a log file is a file that records either events that occur in an operating system or other software runs, or messages between different users of a communication software.

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Logical Disk Manager

The Logical Disk Manager (LDM) is an implementation of a logical volume manager for Microsoft Windows NT, developed by Microsoft and Veritas Software.

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Magnifier (Windows)

Magnifier, formerly Microsoft Magnifier, is a screen magnifier app intended for visually impaired people to use when running Microsoft Windows.

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Malicious Software Removal Tool

Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is a freely distributed virus removal tool developed by Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows operating system.

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Managed DirectX

Managed DirectX (MDX) is Microsoft's deprecated API for DirectX programming on.NET Framework.

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Mary Jo Foley

Mary Jo Foley is an American freelance technology writer, author, podcaster and news editor.

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Menu bar

A menu bar is a graphical control element which contains drop-down menus.

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A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.

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Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Microsoft Agent

Microsoft Agent was a technology developed by Microsoft which employed animated characters, text-to-speech engines, and speech recognition software to enhance interaction with computer users.

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Microsoft Cluster Server

Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) is a computer program that allows server computers to work together as a computer cluster, to provide failover and increased availability of applications, or parallel calculating power in case of high-performance computing (HPC) clusters (as in supercomputing).

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Microsoft CryptoAPI

The Microsoft windows platform specific Cryptographic Application Programming Interface (also known variously as CryptoAPI, Microsoft Cryptography API, MS-CAPI or simply CAPI) is an application programming interface included with Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides services to enable developers to secure Windows-based applications using cryptography.

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Microsoft Data Access Components

Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC; also known as Windows DAC) is a framework of interrelated Microsoft technologies that allows programmers a uniform and comprehensive way of developing applications that can access almost any data store.

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Microsoft Developer Network

Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.

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Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator

The Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) service is a component of modern versions of Microsoft Windows that is responsible for coordinating transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues, and file systems.

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Microsoft DNS

Microsoft DNS is the name given to the implementation of domain name system services provided in Microsoft Windows operating systems.

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Microsoft FreeCell

FreeCell, also known as Microsoft FreeCell, is a computer game included in Microsoft Windows, based on a card game with the same name.

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Microsoft Management Console

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of Windows 2000 and its successors that provides system administrators and advanced users an interface for configuring and monitoring the system.

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Microsoft Message Queuing

Microsoft Message Queuing or MSMQ is a message queue implementation developed by Microsoft and deployed in its Windows Server operating systems since Windows NT 4 and Windows 95.

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Microsoft Minesweeper

Microsoft Minesweeper (formerly Minesweeper) is a minesweeper computer game created by Curt Johnson, originally for OS/2, and ported to Microsoft Windows by Robert Donner, both Microsoft employees at the time.

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Microsoft Narrator

Narrator is a light-duty screen reader utility included in Microsoft Windows.

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Microsoft Neptune

Neptune was the codename for a version of Microsoft Windows under development in 1999.

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Microsoft NetMeeting

Microsoft NetMeeting is a discontinued VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client included in many versions of Microsoft Windows (from Windows 95 OSR2 to Windows XP).

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Microsoft Office

Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.

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Microsoft Office 2003

Microsoft Office 2003 (codenamed Office 11) is an office suite developed and distributed by Microsoft for its Windows operating system.

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Microsoft Press

Microsoft Press is the publishing arm of Microsoft, usually releasing books dealing with various current Microsoft technologies.

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Microsoft Product Activation

Microsoft Product Activation is a DRM technology used by Microsoft Corporation in several of its computer software programs, most notably its Windows operating system and its Office productivity suite.

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Microsoft Servers

Microsoft Servers (previously called Windows Server System) is a brand that encompasses Microsoft's server products.

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Microsoft Solitaire

Solitaire is a computer game included with Microsoft Windows, based on a card game of the same name, also known as Klondike.

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Microsoft Speech API

The Speech Application Programming Interface or SAPI is an API developed by Microsoft to allow the use of speech recognition and speech synthesis within Windows applications.

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Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager

Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems.

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Microsoft TechNet

Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.

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Microsoft Transaction Server

Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) was software that provided services to Component Object Model (COM) software components, to make it easier to create large distributed applications.

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Microsoft Visual C++

Microsoft Visual C++ (often abbreviated to MSVC) is an integrated development environment (IDE) product from Microsoft for the C, C++, and C++/CLI programming languages.

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Modifier key

In computing, a modifier key is a special key (or combination) on a computer keyboard that temporarily modifies the normal action of another key when pressed together.

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Mouse keys

Mouse keys is a feature of some graphical user interfaces that uses the keyboard (especially numeric keypad) as a pointing device (usually replacing a mouse).

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MS-CHAP is the Microsoft version of the Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol, CHAP.

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Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML), now legacy, was a set of services that allowed applications written in JScript, VBScript, and Microsoft development tools to build Windows-native XML-based applications.

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In computer networking, multicast is group communication where data transmission is addressed to a group of destination computers simultaneously.

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Multilingual User Interface

Multilingual User Interface (MUI) is the name of a Microsoft technology for Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office and other applications that allows for the installation of multiple interface languages on a single system.

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Native (computing)

In computing, software or data formats that are native to a system are those that the system supports with minimal computational overhead and additional components.

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NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT, or sometimes NetBT) is a networking protocol that allows legacy computer applications relying on the NetBIOS API to be used on modern TCP/IP networks.

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NetIQ eDirectory

eDirectory is an X.500-compatible directory service software product from NetIQ.

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Network address translation

Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.

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Network Computer

The Network Computer (or NC) was a diskless desktop computer device made by Oracle Corporation from about 1996 to 2000.

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Network interface controller

A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.

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Network Load Balancing Services

Network Load Balancing Services (NLBS) is a Microsoft implementation of clustering and load balancing that is intended to provide high availability and high reliability, as well as high scalability.

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Network Time Protocol

Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a networking protocol for clock synchronization between computer systems over packet-switched, variable-latency data networks.

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Nimda is a malicious file infecting computer worm.

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A NoSQL (originally referring to "non SQL" or "non relational") database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data that is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases.

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Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.

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NT LAN Manager

In a Windows network, NT LAN Manager (NTLM) is a suite of Microsoft security protocols that provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality to users.

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NTBackup is the built-in backup application introduced in Windows NT around 1997 and part of all subsequent versions up to and including Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

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NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary file system developed by Microsoft.

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NTFS junction point

An NTFS junction point is a symbolic link to a directory that acts as an alias of that directory.

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NTFS reparse point

An NTFS reparse point is a type of NTFS file system object.

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NTFS volume mount point

NTFS volume mount points are specialized NTFS filesystem objects which are used to mount and provide an entry point to other volumes.

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NTLDR (abbreviation of NT loader) is the boot loader for all releases of Windows NT operating system up to and including Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

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Object Manager (Windows)

Object Manager (internally called Ob) is a subsystem implemented as part of the Windows Executive which manages Windows resources.

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OpenType is a format for scalable computer fonts.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Outlook Express

Outlook Express, formerly known as Microsoft Internet Mail and News, is a discontinued email and news client included with Internet Explorer versions 3.0 through to 6.0.

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Palatino is the name of an old-style serif typeface designed by Hermann Zapf, initially released in 1949 by the Stempel foundry and later by other companies, most notably the Mergenthaler Linotype Company.

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Patch (computing)

A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.

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Patch Tuesday

Patch Tuesday (also known as Update Tuesday) is an unofficial term used to refer to when Microsoft regularly releases security patches for its software products.

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Pentium II

The Pentium II brand refers to Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture ("P6") and x86-compatible microprocessors introduced on May 7, 1997.

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Penton (company)

Penton is an information services and marketing company.

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Physical Address Extension

In computing, Physical Address Extension (PAE), sometimes referred to as Page Address Extension, is a memory management feature for the x86 architecture.

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The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Plug and play

In computing, a plug and play (PnP) device or computer bus, is one with a specification that facilitates the discovery of a hardware component in a system without the need for physical device configuration or user intervention in resolving resource conflicts.

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PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.

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PostScript fonts

PostScript fonts are font files encoded in outline font specifications developed by Adobe Systems for professional digital typesetting.

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Power user

A power user or an experienced user is a computer user who uses advanced features of computer hardware, operating systems, programs, or web sites which are not used by the average user.

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Preboot Execution Environment

In computing, the Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, sometimes pronounced as pixie) specification describes a standardized client-server environment that boots a software assembly, retrieved from a network, on PXE-enabled clients.

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Proprietary software

Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.

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Public key infrastructure

A public key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of roles, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates and manage public-key encryption.

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Public-key cryptography

Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.

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Quality of service

Quality of service (QoS) is the description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.

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Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a networking protocol, operating on port 1812 that provides centralized Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA or Triple A) management for users who connect and use a network service.

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Random-access memory

Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.

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Read-only memory

Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.

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Recovery Console

The Recovery Console is a feature of the Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems.

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Remote computer

A remote computer is a computer to which a user does not have physical access, but which he or she can access or manipulate via some kind of computer network.

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Remote Desktop Protocol

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft, which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection.

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Remote Desktop Services

Remote Desktop Services (RDS), known as Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 and earlier, is one of the components of Microsoft Windows that allows a user to take control of a remote computer or virtual machine over a network connection.

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Remote Installation Services

RIS, Remote Installation Services is a Microsoft-supplied server that allows PXE BIOS-enabled computers to remotely execute boot environment variables.

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Roaming user profile

A roaming user profile is a concept in the Windows NT family of operating systems that allows users with a computer joined to a Windows Server domain to log on to any computer on the same network and access their documents and have a consistent desktop experience, such as applications remembering toolbar positions and preferences, or the desktop appearance staying the same.

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Routing is the process of selecting a path for traffic in a network, or between or across multiple networks.

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Routing and Remote Access Service

Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) is a Microsoft API and server software that makes it possible to create applications to administer the routing and remote access service capabilities of the operating system, to function as a network router.

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Runtime system

A runtime system, also called run-time system, primarily implements portions of an execution model.

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SANS Institute

The SANS Institute (officially the Escal Institute of Advanced Technologies) is a private U.S. for-profit company founded in 1989 that specializes in information security, cybersecurity training and selling Certificates.

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Scalability is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.

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Screen magnifier

A screen magnifier is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content.

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Screen reader

A screen reader is a form of assistive technology (AT) which is essential to people who are blind, as well as useful to people who are visually impaired, illiterate, or have a learning disability.

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Security Support Provider Interface

Security Support Provider Interface (SSPI) is a Win32 API used by Microsoft Windows systems to perform a variety of security-related operations such as authentication.

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Serial Bus Protocol 2

Serial Bus Protocol 2 (SBP-2) standard is a transport protocol within Serial Bus, IEEE Std 1394-1995 (also known as FireWire or i.Link), developed by T10.

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Server (computing)

In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".

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Server Message Block

In computer networking, Server Message Block (SMB), one version of which was also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), operates as an application-layer network protocol mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.

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Service pack

In computing, a service pack comprises a collection of updates, fixes, or enhancements to a computer program|software program delivered in the form of a single installable package.

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Shared resource

In computing, a shared resource, or network share, is a computer resource made available from one host to other hosts on a computer network.

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Shared source

A shared source or source available software source code distribution model includes arrangements where the source can be viewed, and in some cases modified, but without necessarily meeting the criteria to be called open source.

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Shortcut (computing)

In computing, a file shortcut is a handle in a user interface that allows the user to find a file or resource located in a different directory or folder from the place where the shortcut is located.

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.

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Single-instance storage

Single-instance storage (SIS) is a system's ability to keep one copy of content that multiple users or computers share.

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Smart card

A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.

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The Sobig Worm was a computer worm that infected millions of Internet-connected, Microsoft Windows computers in August 2003.

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Software deployment

Software deployment is all of the activities that make a software system available for use.

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Software Engineering Institute

The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is an American research and development center headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Software release life cycle

A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.

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Sophos Group plc is an English security software and hardware company.

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Source code

In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.

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Span and div

In HTML, span and div elements are used to define parts of a document so that they are identifiable when a unique classification is necessary.

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Sparse file

In computer science, a sparse file is a type of computer file that attempts to use file system space more efficiently when the file itself is partially empty.

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Special folder

On Microsoft Windows, a special folder is a folder which is presented to the user through an interface as an abstract concept instead of an absolute folder path.

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Simple and Protected GSSAPI Negotiation Mechanism (SPNEGO), often pronounced "spenay-go", is a GSSAPI "pseudo mechanism" used by client-server software to negotiate the choice of security technology.

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SRV record

A Service record (SRV record) is a specification of data in the Domain Name System defining the location, i.e. the hostname and port number, of servers for specified services.

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Standard RAID levels

In computer storage, the standard RAID levels comprise a basic set of RAID (redundant array of independent disks) configurations that employ the techniques of striping, mirroring, or parity to create large reliable data stores from multiple general-purpose computer hard disk drives (HDDs).

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Start menu

The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.

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Sticky keys

Sticky keys is an accessibility feature of some graphical user interfaces to assist users who have physical disabilities or help users reduce repetitive strain injury (or a syndrome called the Emacs Pinky).

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Symmetric multiprocessing

Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) involves a multiprocessor computer hardware and software architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single, shared main memory, have full access to all input and output devices, and are controlled by a single operating system instance that treats all processors equally, reserving none for special purposes.

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Symmetric-key algorithm

Symmetric-key algorithms are algorithms for cryptography that use the same cryptographic keys for both encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.

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Sysprep is Microsoft's System Preparation Tool for Microsoft Windows operating system deployment.

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System administrator

A system administrator, or sysadmin, is a person who is responsible for the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of computer systems; especially multi-user computers, such as servers.

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System File Checker

System File Checker (SFC) is a utility in Microsoft Windows that allows users to scan for and restore corruptions in Windows system files.

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System partition and boot partition

The system partition and the boot partition (also known as the system volume and the boot volume) are computing terms for disk partitions of a hard disk drive or solid-state drive that must exist and be properly configured for a computer to operate.

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System requirements

To be used efficiently, all computer software needs certain hardware components or other software resources to be present on a computer.

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Systems management

Systems management refers to enterprise-wide administration of distributed systems including (and commonly in practice) computer systems.

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A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.

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Telephony Application Programming Interface

The Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) is a Microsoft Windows API, which provides computer telephony integration and enables PCs running Microsoft Windows to use telephone services.

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Thai language

Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.

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The Japan Times

The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.

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The New York Times Company

The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.

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The tooltip or infotip or a hint is a common graphical user interface element.

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Total cost of ownership

Total cost of ownership (TCO) is a financial estimate intended to help buyers and owners determine the direct and indirect costs of a product or system.

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Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.

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Tree view

A tree view or an outline view is a graphical control element that presents a hierarchical view of information.

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Turkic languages

The Turkic languages are a language family of at least thirty-five documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples of Eurasia from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and West Asia all the way to North Asia (particularly in Siberia) and East Asia (including the Far East).

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200px In computer networking, unicast refers to a one-to-one transmission from one point in the network to another point; that is, one sender and one receiver, each identified by a network address.

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United States Department of Homeland Security

The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security, roughly comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries.

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Universal Disk Format

Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.

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USB mass storage device class

The USB mass storage device class (also known as USB MSC or UMS) is a set of computing communications protocols defined by the USB Implementers Forum that makes a USB device accessible to a host computing device and enables file transfers between the host and the USB device.

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User interface

The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.

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Video game developer

A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games.

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Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.

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Virtual keyboard

A virtual keyboard is a software component that allows the input of characters without the need for physical keys.

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Virtual private network

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

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Vulnerability refers to the inability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment.

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Warner Media, LLC (formerly Time Warner Inc.), doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City and owned by AT&T.

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Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) that allows clients to perform remote Web content authoring operations.

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Windows 98

Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.

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Windows 9x

Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.

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Windows Address Book

Windows Address Book was a component of Microsoft Windows that lets users keep a single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs.

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Windows Desktop Update

Microsoft's Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4 (IE, released in September 1997), which introduced several updated shell features to the Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems.

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Windows domain

A Windows domain is a form of a computer network in which all user accounts, computers, printers and other security principals, are registered with a central database located on one or more clusters of central computers known as domain controllers.

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Windows Driver Model

In computing, the Windows Driver Model (WDM) also known at one point as the Win32 Driver Model is a framework for device drivers that was introduced with Windows 98 and Windows 2000 to replace VxD, which was used on older versions of Windows such as Windows 95 and Windows 3.1, as well as the Windows NT Driver Model.

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Windows File Protection

Windows File Protection (WFP), a sub-system included in Microsoft Windows operating systems of the Windows 2000 and Windows XP era, aims to prevent programs from replacing critical Windows system files.

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Windows Firewall

Windows Firewall (officially called Windows Defender Firewall in Windows 10), is a firewall component of Microsoft Windows.

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Windows Genuine Advantage

Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) is an anti-infringement system created by Microsoft that enforces online validation of the licensing of several recent Microsoft Windows operating systems when accessing several services, such as Windows Update, and downloading Windows components from the Microsoft Download Center.

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Windows Installer

Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft Installer, codename Darwin) is a software component and application programming interface (API) of Microsoft Windows used for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software.

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Windows IT Pro

Windows IT Pro is a trade publication and web site owned by Penton serving the information needs of IT professionals working with the Microsoft Windows platform.

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Windows Live Messenger

Windows Live Messenger (formerly MSN Messenger) is a discontinued instant messaging client developed by Microsoft for Windows, Xbox 360, Mac OS X, BlackBerry OS, iOS, Java ME, S60 on Symbian OS 9.x, and Zune HD.

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Windows Management Instrumentation

Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) consists of a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model that provides an operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification.

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Windows ME

Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.

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Windows Media Encoder

Windows Media Encoder is a discontinued, freeware media encoder developed by Microsoft which enables content developers to convert or capture both live and prerecorded audio, video, and computer screen images to Windows Media formats for live and on-demand delivery.

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Windows Media Player

Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.

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Windows Media Services

Windows Media Services (WMS) is a streaming media server from Microsoft that allows an administrator to generate streaming media (audio/video).

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Windows Messenger

Windows Messenger is a discontinued instant messaging client included in Windows XP.

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Windows NT

Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.

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Windows NT 4.0

Windows NT 4.0 is an operating system that is part of Microsoft's Windows NT family of operating systems.

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Windows Registry

The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.

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Windows Script Host

The Microsoft Windows Script Host (WSH) (formerly named Windows Scripting Host) is an automation technology for Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides scripting abilities comparable to batch files, but with a wider range of supported features.

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Windows Server 2003

Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.

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Windows service

In Windows NT operating systems, a Windows service is a computer program that operates in the background.

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Windows Task Scheduler

Task Scheduler is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to schedule the launch of programs or scripts at pre-defined times or after specified time intervals: job scheduling (task scheduling).

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Windows Update

Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.

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Windows Vista

Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.

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Windows Vista I/O technologies

Windows Vista introduced a number of new I/O functions to the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.

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Windows XP

Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.

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Windows XP Professional x64 Edition

Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, released on April 25, 2005, is an edition of Windows XP for x86-64 personal computers.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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XAudio2 is a lower-level audio API for Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360 and Windows Phone 8, the successor to DirectSound on Windows and a supplement to the original XAudio on the Xbox 360.

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ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.

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"The Zotob worm and several variations of it, known as Rbot.cbq, SDBot.bzh and Zotob.d, infected computers at companies such as ABC, CNN, The Associated Press, The New York Times, and Caterpillar Inc." — Business Week, August 16, 2005.

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.NET Framework version history

Microsoft started development on the.NET Framework in the late 1990s originally under the name of Next Generation Windows Services (NGWS).

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64-bit computing

In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).

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Redirects here:

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_2000

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