197 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Active Channel, Active Desktop, Active Directory, ActiveSync, Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Shockwave Player, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface, Asynchronous transfer mode, Audio Stream Input/Output, BBC News, BBC News Online, Bill Gates, BIOS, Blue Screen of Death, Booting, Broadcast Driver Architecture, Cabinet (file format), CBS Interactive, Class driver, CNET, Color gradient, Color space, COM (hardware interface), COMDEX, Commercial software, Compact disc, Compiler, Desktop metaphor, Device driver, DirectMusic, DirectShow, DirectSound, DirectX, Disk Cleanup, Disk Defragmenter (Windows), Distributed Component Object Model, Distributed File System (Microsoft), DLL Hell, Dr. Watson (debugger), DriveSpace, DV, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Ethernet, Fiber Distributed Data Interface, File Allocation Table, File Explorer, Floating-point unit, Font, Frame Relay, ..., Full Tilt! Pinball, Gigabyte, Google, Graphical user interface, Graphics Device Interface, Hardware mixing, Hibernation (computing), Host controller interface (USB, Firewire), Hot swapping, HTML, HyperACCESS, I/O request packet, ICMP Router Discovery Protocol, IEEE 1394, Imaging for Windows, INF file, Infrared Data Association, Integrated Services Digital Network, Intel 80386, Intel 80486, Internet Connection Sharing, Internet Control Message Protocol, Internet Explorer 4, Internet Explorer 5, Internet Explorer 6, Internet Group Management Protocol, Internet Protocol, Internet protocol suite, IP multicast, IP routing, JScript, Legacy Plug and Play, Letter case, Link-local address, List of Internet phenomena, List of Microsoft codenames, Local area network, Magnifier (Windows), Microsoft, Microsoft Active Accessibility, Microsoft Agent, Microsoft Comic Chat, Microsoft Compiled HTML Help, Microsoft Data Access Components, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft FrontPage, Microsoft Layer for Unicode, Microsoft NetMeeting, Microsoft Notepad, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office XP, Microsoft Paint, Microsoft Personal Web Server, Microsoft Plus!, Microsoft ScanDisk, Microsoft Speech API, Microsoft TechNet, Microsoft Visual C++, MIDI, Monolithic kernel, MS-DOS, MSConfig, MSN TV, MSXML, Multi-monitor, Multihoming, Net Applications, NetBIOS over TCP/IP, NetShow, Network address translation, Network Driver Interface Specification, Operating system, Outlook Express, PANOSE, Performance Monitor, Point-to-Point Protocol, Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol, Proprietary software, Quality of service, RealPlayer, Remote Desktop Services, Resource Kit, Retransmission (data networks), Roland Corporation, Roland GS, Routing Information Protocol, Sample-based synthesis, Sample-rate conversion, SCSI, Server Message Block, Software release life cycle, Source-code compatibility, System File Checker, Tape drive, Taskbar, TCP window scale option, Telephony Application Programming Interface, Text Services Framework, Token ring, Transmission Control Protocol, TV tuner card, TWAIN, Unicode, Universal Disk Format, Universal Plug and Play, USB, USB hub, USB human interface device class, USB mass storage device class, VBScript, Vertical blanking interval, Video Graphics Array, Virtual private network, VxD, Wake-on-LAN, WebDAV, Wide area network, Windows 2000, Windows 3.1x, Windows 95, Windows 9x, Windows Address Book, Windows Desktop Update, Windows Driver Model, Windows File Protection, Windows Installer, Windows Internet Name Service, Windows legacy audio components, Windows Live Messenger, Windows Management Instrumentation, Windows ME, Windows Media Encoder, Windows Media Player, Windows NT, Windows Registry, Windows Script Host, Windows shell, Windows Task Scheduler, Windows Update, Windows XP, WinG, WinHelp, Winsock, X.25, .NET Framework, 16-bit, 32-bit. Expand index (147 more) » « Shrink index
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
Active Channel was a technology introduced by Internet Explorer 4.0 in 1997.
Active Desktop was a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0's optional Windows Desktop Update that allowed users to add HTML content to the desktop, along with some other features.
Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks.
ActiveSync is a mobile data synchronization app developed by Microsoft, originally released in 1996.
Adobe Flash Player (labeled Shockwave Flash in Internet Explorer and Firefox) is freeware for using content created on the Adobe Flash platform, including viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video.
Adobe Shockwave Player (formerly Macromedia Shockwave Player) is a freeware software plug-in for viewing multimedia and video games in web pages, content created on the Adobe Shockwave platform.
In a computer, the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) provides an open standard that operating systems can use to discover and configure computer hardware components, to perform power management by (for example) putting unused components to sleep, and to perform status monitoring.
Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is, according to the ATM Forum, "a telecommunications concept defined by ANSI and ITU (formerly CCITT) standards for carriage of a complete range of user traffic, including voice, data, and video signals".
Audio Stream Input/Output (ASIO) is a computer sound card driver protocol for digital audio specified by Steinberg, providing a low-latency and high fidelity interface between a software application and a computer's sound card.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
A stop error, better known as a Blue Screen of Death (also known as a blue screen or BSOD) is an error screen displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error, also known as a system crash: when the operating system reaches a condition where it can no longer operate safely.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
The Broadcast Driver Architecture (BDA) is a Microsoft standard for digital video capture on Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Cabinet (or CAB) is an archive-file format for Microsoft Windows that supports lossless data compression and embedded digital certificates used for maintaining archive integrity.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
In computing, a class driver is a type of hardware device driver that can operate a large number of different devices of a broadly similar type.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
In computer graphics, a color gradient (sometimes called a color ramp or color progression) specifies a range of position-dependent colors, usually used to fill a region.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
COM (Communication port) is the original, yet still common, name of the serial port interface on IBM PC-compatible computers.
COMDEX (an abbreviation of Computer Dealers' Exhibition) was a computer expo trade show held at various locations in the Las Vegas Valley of Nevada, USA, each November from 1979 to 2003.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
DirectMusic is a deprecated component of the Microsoft DirectX API that allows music and sound effects to be composed and played and provides flexible interactive control over the way they are played.
tags in this are generally true, just difficult to source due to the technical nature; don't remove unless 100% sure.
DirectSound is a deprecated software component of the Microsoft DirectX library for the Windows operating system.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
Disk Cleanup (cleanmgr.exe) is a computer maintenance utility included in Microsoft Windows designed to free up disk space on a computer's hard drive.
Disk Defragmenter is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique called defragmentation.
Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM) is a proprietary Microsoft technology for communication between software components on networked computers.
Distributed File System (DFS) is a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows servers to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system.
In computing, DLL Hell is a term for the complications that arise when working with dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) used with Microsoft Windows operating systems, particularly legacy 16-bit editions, which all run in a single memory space.
DriveSpace (initially known as DoubleSpace) is a disk compression utility supplied with MS-DOS starting from version 6.0.
DV is a format for storing digital video.
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) is a standard for data transmission in a local area network.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
A floating-point unit (FPU, colloquially a math coprocessor) is a part of a computer system specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers.
In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.
Frame Relay is a standardized wide area network technology that specifies the physical and data link layers of digital telecommunications channels using a packet switching methodology.
Full Tilt! Pinball is a pinball video game developed by Cinematronics and published by Maxis in 1995.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers.
Hardware mixing is a performance feature of computer audio hardware which enables sound cards to receive multiple audio streams and play them all at the same time.
Hibernation (or suspend to disk) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state.
A host controller interface (HCI) is a register-level interface that enables a host controller for USB or IEEE 1394 hardware to communicate with a host controller driver in software.
Hot swapping (frequently inaccurately called hot plugging) is replacing or adding components without stopping or shutting down the system.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
HyperACCESS is a family of terminal emulation software by Hilgraeve.
I/O request packets (IRPs) are kernel mode structures that are used by Windows Driver Model (WDM) and Windows NT device drivers to communicate with each other and with the operating system.
In computer networking, the ICMP Internet Router Discovery Protocol (IRDP), also called the Internet Router Discovery Protocol, is a protocol for computer hosts to discover the presence and location of routers on their IPv4 local area network.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
Imaging for Windows from Global 360 is document imaging software.
In computing, an INF file or Setup Information file is a plain-text file used by Microsoft Windows for the installation of software and drivers.
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) is an industry-driven interest group that was founded in 1993 by around 50 companies.
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is a Windows service that enables one Internet-connected computer to share its Internet connection with other computers on a local area network (LAN).
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a supporting protocol in the Internet protocol suite.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 (IE4) is a graphical web browser that Microsoft released in October 1997, primarily for Microsoft Windows, but also with versions available for the classic Mac OS, Solaris, and HP-UX - Robert McMillan writing for SunWorld (November 5, 1997) - Help and Support page on Microsoft's website (August 17, 2005) and marketed as "The Web the Way You Want It".
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a communications protocol used by hosts and adjacent routers on IPv4 networks to establish multicast group memberships.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
IP multicast is a method of sending Internet Protocol (IP) datagrams to a group of interested receivers in a single transmission.
IP routing is the field of routing methodologies of Internet Protocol (IP) packets within and across IP networks.
JScript is Microsoft's dialect of the ECMAScript standard that is used in Microsoft's Internet Explorer.
The term Legacy Plug and Play, also shortened to PnP, describes a series of specifications and Microsoft Windows features geared towards operating system configuration of devices.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
In a computer network, a link-local address is a network address that is valid only for communications within the network segment (link) or the broadcast domain that the host is connected to.
This is a partial list of social and cultural phenomena specific to the Internet, also known as Internet memes, such as popular themes, catchphrases, images, viral videos, and jokes.
Microsoft codenames are given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
Magnifier, formerly Microsoft Magnifier, is a screen magnifier app intended for visually impaired people to use when running Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA) is an Application Programming Interface (API) for user interface accessibility.
Microsoft Agent was a technology developed by Microsoft which employed animated characters, text-to-speech engines, and speech recognition software to enhance interaction with computer users.
Microsoft Comic Chat (later Microsoft Chat, but not to be confused with Windows Chat, or WinChat) is a graphical IRC client created by Microsoft, first released with Internet Explorer 3.0 in 1996.
Microsoft Compiled HTML Help is a Microsoft proprietary online help format, consisting of a collection of HTML pages, an index and other navigation tools.
Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC; also known as Windows DAC) is a framework of interrelated Microsoft technologies that allows programmers a uniform and comprehensive way of developing applications that can access almost any data store.
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
Microsoft FrontPage (full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) is a discontinued WYSIWYG HTML editor and website administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.
Microsoft Layer for Unicode (or MSLU) is a software library for Windows software developers to simplify creating Unicode-aware applications for Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me.
Microsoft NetMeeting is a discontinued VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client included in many versions of Microsoft Windows (from Windows 95 OSR2 to Windows XP).
Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft Windows and a basic text-editing program which enables computer users to create documents.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Office XP (codenamed Office 10) is an office suite created and distributed by Microsoft for the Windows operating system.
Paint (formerly Paintbrush), commonly known as Microsoft Paint or MS Paint, was a simple raster graphics editor that has been included with all versions of Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft Personal Web Server (PWS) is a scaled-down web server software for Windows operating systems.
Microsoft Plus! is a discontinued commercial operating system enhancement product by Microsoft.
Microsoft ScanDisk (also called ScanDisk), is a diagnostic utility included in MS-DOS and Windows 9x.
The Speech Application Programming Interface or SAPI is an API developed by Microsoft to allow the use of speech recognition and speech synthesis within Windows applications.
Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.
Microsoft Visual C++ (often abbreviated to MSVC) is an integrated development environment (IDE) product from Microsoft for the C, C++, and C++/CLI programming languages.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
A monolithic kernel is an operating system architecture where the entire operating system is working in kernel space and is alone in supervisor mode.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MSConfig (officially called System Configuration in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10 Microsoft System Configuration Utility in previous operating systems) is a system utility to troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows startup process.
MSN TV (formerly WebTV) was the name of both a thin client which used a television for display (instead of using a computer monitor), and the online service that supported it.
Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML), now legacy, was a set of services that allowed applications written in JScript, VBScript, and Microsoft development tools to build Windows-native XML-based applications.
Multi-monitor, also called multi-display and multi-head, is the use of multiple physical display devices, such as monitors, televisions, and projectors, in order to increase the area available for computer programs running on a single computer system.
Multihoming is the practice of connecting a host or a computer network to more than one network.
Net Applications is a web analytics firm.
NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT, or sometimes NetBT) is a networking protocol that allows legacy computer applications relying on the NetBIOS API to be used on modern TCP/IP networks.
NetShow was Microsoft's original framework for Internet network broadcasting, intended to compete with RealNetworks RealMedia & Vivo (acquired in 1998 by RealNetworks).
Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.
The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs).
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Outlook Express, formerly known as Microsoft Internet Mail and News, is a discontinued email and news client included with Internet Explorer versions 3.0 through to 6.0.
The PANOSE System is a method for classifying typefaces solely on their visual characteristics, developed by Benjamin Bauermeister.
Performance Monitor (known as System Monitor in Windows 9x, Windows 2000 and Windows XP) is a system monitoring program introduced in Windows NT 3.1.
In computer networking, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a data link layer (layer 2) communications protocol used to establish a direct connection between two nodes.
The Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is an obsolete method for implementing virtual private networks, with many known security issues.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Quality of service (QoS) is the description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.
RealPlayer, formerly RealAudio Player, RealOne Player and RealPlayer G2, is a cross-platform media player app, developed by RealNetworks.
Remote Desktop Services (RDS), known as Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 and earlier, is one of the components of Microsoft Windows that allows a user to take control of a remote computer or virtual machine over a network connection.
Resource Kit is a term used by Microsoft for a set of software resources and documentation released for their software products, but which is not part of that product.
Retransmission, essentially identical with Automatic repeat request (ARQ), is the resending of packets which have been either damaged or lost.
is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software.
Roland GS, or just GS, sometimes expanded as General Standard or General Sound, is an extension of General MIDI specification.
The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is one of the oldest distance-vector routing protocols which employ the hop count as a routing metric.
Sample-based synthesis is a form of audio synthesis that can be contrasted to either subtractive synthesis or additive synthesis.
Sample-rate conversion is the process of changing the sampling rate of a discrete signal to obtain a new discrete representation of the underlying continuous signal.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
In computer networking, Server Message Block (SMB), one version of which was also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), operates as an application-layer network protocol mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
Source-code compatibility (source-compatible) means that a program can run on computers (or operating systems), independently of binary-code compatibility and that the source code is needed for portability.
System File Checker (SFC) is a utility in Microsoft Windows that allows users to scan for and restore corruptions in Windows system files.
A tape drive is a data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape.
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
The TCP window scale option is an option to increase the receive window size allowed in Transmission Control Protocol above its former maximum value of 65,535 bytes.
The Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) is a Microsoft Windows API, which provides computer telephony integration and enables PCs running Microsoft Windows to use telephone services.
The Text Services Framework (TSF) is a COM framework and API in Windows XP and later Windows operating systems that supports advanced text input and text processing.
MAU b) Using several MAUs connected to each other Token ring network IBM hermaphroditic connector with locking clip Token Ring local area network (LAN) technology is a communications protocol for local area networks.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite.
A TV tuner card is a kind of television tuner that allows television signals to be received by a computer.
TWAIN is an applications programming interface (API) and communications protocol that regulates communication between software and digital imaging devices, such as image scanners and digital cameras.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a set of networking protocols that permits networked devices, such as personal computers, printers, Internet gateways, Wi-Fi access points and mobile devices to seamlessly discover each other's presence on the network and establish functional network services for data sharing, communications, and entertainment.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A USB hub is a device that expands a single Universal Serial Bus (USB) port into several so that there are more ports available to connect devices to a host system, similar to a power strip.
In computing, the USB human interface device class (USB HID class) is a part of the USB specification for computer peripherals: it specifies a device class (a type of computer hardware) for human interface devices such as keyboards, mice, game controllers and alphanumeric display devices.
The USB mass storage device class (also known as USB MSC or UMS) is a set of computing communications protocols defined by the USB Implementers Forum that makes a USB device accessible to a host computing device and enables file transfers between the host and the USB device.
VBScript ("Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition") is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft that is modeled on Visual Basic.
In a raster graphics display, the vertical blanking interval (VBI), also known as the vertical interval or VBLANK, is the time between the end of the final line of a frame or field and the beginning of the first line of the next frame.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.
VxD is the device driver model used in Microsoft Windows/386, the 386 enhanced mode of Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, and to some extent also by the Novell DOS 7, OpenDOS 7.01, and DR-DOS 7.02 (and higher) multitasker (TASKMGR).
Wake-on-LAN (WoL) is an Ethernet or token ring computer networking standard that allows a computer to be turned on or awakened by a network message.
Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) that allows clients to perform remote Web content authoring operations.
A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance/place.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 3.1x (codenamed Janus) is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
Windows Address Book was a component of Microsoft Windows that lets users keep a single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs.
Microsoft's Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4 (IE, released in September 1997), which introduced several updated shell features to the Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems.
In computing, the Windows Driver Model (WDM) also known at one point as the Win32 Driver Model is a framework for device drivers that was introduced with Windows 98 and Windows 2000 to replace VxD, which was used on older versions of Windows such as Windows 95 and Windows 3.1, as well as the Windows NT Driver Model.
Windows File Protection (WFP), a sub-system included in Microsoft Windows operating systems of the Windows 2000 and Windows XP era, aims to prevent programs from replacing critical Windows system files.
Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft Installer, codename Darwin) is a software component and application programming interface (API) of Microsoft Windows used for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software.
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) is Microsoft's implementation of NetBIOS Name Service (NBNS), a name server and service for NetBIOS computer names.
This article describes audio APIs and components in Microsoft Windows which are now obsolete or deprecated.
Windows Live Messenger (formerly MSN Messenger) is a discontinued instant messaging client developed by Microsoft for Windows, Xbox 360, Mac OS X, BlackBerry OS, iOS, Java ME, S60 on Symbian OS 9.x, and Zune HD.
Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) consists of a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model that provides an operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification.
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows Media Encoder is a discontinued, freeware media encoder developed by Microsoft which enables content developers to convert or capture both live and prerecorded audio, video, and computer screen images to Windows Media formats for live and on-demand delivery.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.
The Microsoft Windows Script Host (WSH) (formerly named Windows Scripting Host) is an automation technology for Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides scripting abilities comparable to batch files, but with a wider range of supported features.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Task Scheduler is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to schedule the launch of programs or scripts at pre-defined times or after specified time intervals: job scheduling (task scheduling).
Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
In computing, WinG (pronounced Win Gee) is an application programming interface that is a port of Windows 95's Device Independent Bitmaps to provide faster graphics performance on Windows 3.x operating environments, and was initially positioned as a way to help game developers more easily port their DOS games to Microsoft Windows, although it was quickly discontinued in favor of DirectX.
Microsoft WinHelp is a proprietary format for online help files that can be displayed by the Microsoft Help browser winhelp.exe or winhlp32.exe.
In computing, the Windows Sockets API (WSA), later shortened to Winsock, is a technical specification that defines how Windows network software should access network services, especially TCP/IP.
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
98SE, Development of Windows 98, MS Windows 98, MSW 98, MSW 98 SE, MSW98, Microsoft 98, Microsoft Windows 4.1, Microsoft Windows 4.10, Microsoft Windows 97, Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows 98SE, W98, Win 98, Win98, Win98SE, Window 98, Windows '98, Windows 1997, Windows 1998, Windows 4.1, Windows 4.10, Windows 97, Windows 98 2nd Edition, Windows 98 Beta, Windows 98 Beta 3, Windows 98 FE, Windows 98 First Edition, Windows 98 SE, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows 98 editions, Windows 98FE, Windows 98J, Windows 98J SE, Windows 98SE, Windows 99, Windows Memphis, Windows Ninety Eight, Windows Second Edition, Windows97, Windows98, Windwos 98.