125 relations: Accessibility, Acronym, Active Directory, Active Server Pages, ANSI.SYS, Application programming interface, AUTOEXEC.BAT, BIOS, Booting, COMMAND.COM, Commercial software, Computer mouse, CONFIG.SYS, Data-rate units, Dial-up Internet access, Dialog box, Digital camera, DirectShow, DirectSound, DirectX, Dolby Digital, DriveSpace, DVD player, DVD Player (Windows), Enterprise software, Environment variable, EWeek, File Allocation Table, File Explorer, Floppy disk, Full Tilt! Pinball, Gigabyte, Graphical user interface, Graphics tablet, Hertz, Hibernation (computing), HIMEM.SYS, Home network, IEEE 1394, Image scanner, Infrared Data Association, IntelliPoint, International Data Group, Internet Connection Sharing, Internet Explorer 5, Internet Explorer 6, Internet Explorer 7, Internet protocol suite, IO.SYS, Magnifier (Windows), ..., Megabyte, Microsoft, Microsoft Active Accessibility, Microsoft Compiled HTML Help, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, Microsoft Neptune, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office XP, Microsoft Personal Web Server, Microsoft Plus!, Microsoft ScanDisk, Microsoft Spider Solitaire, Monolithic kernel, MS-DOS, MSConfig, Network Driver Interface Specification, Operating system, Optical disc drive, Outlook Express, PC World, Pentium, Pentium II, Performance Monitor, Picture Transfer Protocol, Power-on self-test, Proprietary software, Pulse-code modulation, QuickView, Real mode, Reboot, Resource Kit, S/PDIF, Serial Bus Protocol 2, Shutdown (computing), SmartDrive, Software release life cycle, Special folder, Start menu, Super video graphics array, System File Checker, System Restore, TechTV, The Screen Savers, TWAIN, Universal Plug and Play, USB human interface device class, USB mass storage device class, Video Graphics Array, Virtual DOS machine, Virtual keyboard, VxD, Wayback Machine, WIN.COM, Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 9x, Windows Calculator, Windows File Protection, Windows Image Acquisition, Windows legacy audio components, Windows Live Messenger, Windows Media, Windows Media Audio, Windows Media Player, Windows Messaging, Windows Movie Maker, Windows NT, Windows Registry, Windows shell, Windows Update, Windows XP, Zip (file format), .NET Framework. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks.
Active Server Pages (ASP), later known as Classic ASP or ASP Classic, is Microsoft's first server-side script engine for dynamically generated web pages.
ANSI.SYS is a device driver in the DOS family of operating systems that provides extra console functions through ANSI escape sequences.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
AUTOEXEC.BAT is a system file that was originally on DOS-type operating systems.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
COMMAND.COM is the default command-line interpreter for DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98 and Windows ME.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
CONFIG.SYS is the primary configuration file for the DOS and OS/2 operating systems.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line.
The graphical control element dialog box (also called dialogue box (British English) or just dialog) is a small window that communicates information to the user and prompts them for a response.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
tags in this are generally true, just difficult to source due to the technical nature; don't remove unless 100% sure.
DirectSound is a deprecated software component of the Microsoft DirectX library for the Windows operating system.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
Dolby Digital is the name for audio compression technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories.
DriveSpace (initially known as DoubleSpace) is a disk compression utility supplied with MS-DOS starting from version 6.0.
A DVD player is a device that plays DVD discs produced under both the DVD-Video and DVD-Audio technical standards, two different and incompatible standards.
DVD Player is an app developed by Microsoft that plays DVD-Video on Microsoft Windows.
Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software (EAS), is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.
An environment variable is a dynamic-named value that can affect the way running processes will behave on a computer.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Full Tilt! Pinball is a pinball video game developed by Cinematronics and published by Maxis in 1995.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A graphic tablet (also known as a digitizer, drawing tablet, digital drawing tablet, pen tablet, or digital art board) is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, with a special pen-like stylus, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil and paper.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
Hibernation (or suspend to disk) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state.
HIMEM.SYS is a DOS device driver which allows DOS programs to store data in extended memory via the Extended Memory Specification (XMS).
A home network or home area network (HAN) is a type of computer network that facilitates communication among devices within the close vicinity of a home.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) is an industry-driven interest group that was founded in 1993 by around 50 companies.
Microsoft IntelliPoint is the Microsoft-branded software driver for the company's hardware mice.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is a Windows service that enables one Internet-connected computer to share its Internet connection with other computers on a local area network (LAN).
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.
Windows Internet Explorer 7 (IE7) (codenamed Rincon) is a web browser for Windows.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
IO.SYS is an essential part of MS-DOS and Windows 9x.
Magnifier, formerly Microsoft Magnifier, is a screen magnifier app intended for visually impaired people to use when running Microsoft Windows.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA) is an Application Programming Interface (API) for user interface accessibility.
Microsoft Compiled HTML Help is a Microsoft proprietary online help format, consisting of a collection of HTML pages, an index and other navigation tools.
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
The Microsoft Java Virtual Machine (MSJVM) is a discontinued proprietary Java virtual machine from Microsoft.
Neptune was the codename for a version of Microsoft Windows under development in 1999.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Office XP (codenamed Office 10) is an office suite created and distributed by Microsoft for the Windows operating system.
Microsoft Personal Web Server (PWS) is a scaled-down web server software for Windows operating systems.
Microsoft Plus! is a discontinued commercial operating system enhancement product by Microsoft.
Microsoft ScanDisk (also called ScanDisk), is a diagnostic utility included in MS-DOS and Windows 9x.
Spider Solitaire, also known as Microsoft Spider Solitaire (Spider in the About box in some versions), is a solitaire card game that is included in Microsoft Windows.
A monolithic kernel is an operating system architecture where the entire operating system is working in kernel space and is alone in supervisor mode.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MSConfig (officially called System Configuration in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10 Microsoft System Configuration Utility in previous operating systems) is a system utility to troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows startup process.
The Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is an application programming interface (API) for network interface cards (NICs).
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.
Outlook Express, formerly known as Microsoft Internet Mail and News, is a discontinued email and news client included with Internet Explorer versions 3.0 through to 6.0.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
The Pentium II brand refers to Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture ("P6") and x86-compatible microprocessors introduced on May 7, 1997.
Performance Monitor (known as System Monitor in Windows 9x, Windows 2000 and Windows XP) is a system monitoring program introduced in Windows NT 3.1.
Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) is a protocol developed by the International Imaging Industry Association to allow the transfer of images from digital cameras to computers and other peripheral devices without the need of additional device drivers.
A power-on self-test (POST) is a process performed by firmware or software routines immediately after a computer or other digital electronic device is powered on.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
QuickView is a file viewer in Windows 95, Windows 98 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems.
Real mode, also called real address mode, is an operating mode of all x86-compatible CPUs.
In computing, rebooting is the process by which a running computer system is restarted, either intentionally or unintentionally.
Resource Kit is a term used by Microsoft for a set of software resources and documentation released for their software products, but which is not part of that product.
S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface) is a type of digital audio interconnect used in consumer audio equipment to output audio over reasonably short distances.
Serial Bus Protocol 2 (SBP-2) standard is a transport protocol within Serial Bus, IEEE Std 1394-1995 (also known as FireWire or i.Link), developed by T10.
To shut down or power off a computer is to remove power from a computer's main components in a controlled way.
SmartDrive (or SMARTDRV) was a disk caching program shipped with MS-DOS versions 4.01 through 6.22 and Windows 3.0 through Windows 3.11.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
On Microsoft Windows, a special folder is a folder which is presented to the user through an interface as an abstract concept instead of an absolute folder path.
The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
System File Checker (SFC) is a utility in Microsoft Windows that allows users to scan for and restore corruptions in Windows system files.
System Restore is a feature in Microsoft Windows that allows the user to revert their computer's state (including system files, installed applications, Windows Registry, and system settings) to that of a previous point in time, which can be used to recover from system malfunctions or other problems.
TechTV is a defunct 24-hour cable and satellite channel based in San Francisco featuring news and shows about computers, technology, and the Internet.
The Screen Savers is an American TV show that aired on TechTV from 1998 to 2005.
TWAIN is an applications programming interface (API) and communications protocol that regulates communication between software and digital imaging devices, such as image scanners and digital cameras.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a set of networking protocols that permits networked devices, such as personal computers, printers, Internet gateways, Wi-Fi access points and mobile devices to seamlessly discover each other's presence on the network and establish functional network services for data sharing, communications, and entertainment.
In computing, the USB human interface device class (USB HID class) is a part of the USB specification for computer peripherals: it specifies a device class (a type of computer hardware) for human interface devices such as keyboards, mice, game controllers and alphanumeric display devices.
The USB mass storage device class (also known as USB MSC or UMS) is a set of computing communications protocols defined by the USB Implementers Forum that makes a USB device accessible to a host computing device and enables file transfers between the host and the USB device.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Virtual DOS machine (VDM) is a technology that allows running 16-bit/32-bit DOS and 16-bit Windows programs on Intel 80386 or higher computers when there is already another operating system running and controlling the hardware.
A virtual keyboard is a software component that allows the input of characters without the need for physical keys.
VxD is the device driver model used in Microsoft Windows/386, the 386 enhanced mode of Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, and to some extent also by the Novell DOS 7, OpenDOS 7.01, and DR-DOS 7.02 (and higher) multitasker (TASKMGR).
The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.
WIN.COM is the executable file used to load versions of Windows that run from DOS.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
Windows Calculator is a software calculator included in all versions of Windows.
Windows File Protection (WFP), a sub-system included in Microsoft Windows operating systems of the Windows 2000 and Windows XP era, aims to prevent programs from replacing critical Windows system files.
Windows Image Acquisition (WIA; sometimes also called Windows Imaging Architecture) is a proprietary Microsoft driver model and application programming interface (API) for Microsoft Windows Me and later Windows operating systems that enables graphics software to communicate with imaging hardware such as scanners, digital cameras and Digital Video-equipment.
This article describes audio APIs and components in Microsoft Windows which are now obsolete or deprecated.
Windows Live Messenger (formerly MSN Messenger) is a discontinued instant messaging client developed by Microsoft for Windows, Xbox 360, Mac OS X, BlackBerry OS, iOS, Java ME, S60 on Symbian OS 9.x, and Zune HD.
Windows Media is a discontinued multimedia framework for media creation and distribution for Microsoft Windows.
Windows Media Audio (WMA) is the name of a series of audio codecs and their corresponding audio coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Messaging, initially called Microsoft Exchange Client, is an email client that was included with Windows 95 (beginning with OSR2), 98 and Windows NT 4.0.
Windows Movie Maker (formerly known as Windows Live Movie Maker in Windows 7) is a video editing software by Microsoft.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
ZIP is an archive file format that supports lossless data compression.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
LOADER.EXE, MS Windows ME, MS-DOS 8.0, MSW ME, Microsoft Windows 4.9, Microsoft Windows 4.90, Microsoft Windows ME, Microsoft Windows ME Millennium Edition, Microsoft Windows Me, The History of ME, The history of ME, WINDOWS ME, Win ME, WinME, WinMe, Windows 4.9, Windows 4.90, Windows Georgia, Windows Me, Windows Millenium, Windows Millenium Edition, Windows Millennium, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows me, Windows millenium edition, WindowsME, Winme.