115 relations: Active Server Pages, Application programming interface, Architecture of Windows NT, Automated teller machine, Blue Screen of Death, Booting, Collaboration Data Objects for Windows NT Server, Commercial software, Compact disc, Component Object Model, Computer, Coupling (computer programming), Database, DEC Alpha, Defragmentation, Device Manager, DirectX, Disk image, Distributed Component Object Model, Distributed File System (Microsoft), File Explorer, Font rasterization, Full Tilt! Pinball, Graphical user interface, Graphics Device Interface, Hard disk drive, Hardware abstraction, High color, Hybrid kernel, IA-32, Indexing Service, Intel 80286, Intel 80486, Inter-process communication, Internet Authentication Service, Internet Explorer, Internet Explorer 2, Internet Explorer 5, Internet Explorer 6, Internet Information Services, Internet protocol suite, Legacy Plug and Play, Major appliance, Microsoft, Microsoft Active Accessibility, Microsoft Cluster Server, Microsoft CryptoAPI, Microsoft FrontPage, Microsoft Management Console, Microsoft Message Queuing, ..., Microsoft Network Monitor, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office XP, Microsoft RPC, Microsoft Site Server, Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft Transaction Server, MIPS architecture, MS-CHAP, Network Load Balancing Services, NT LAN Manager, NTFS, Object Linking and Embedding, OpenGL, Operating system, Performance Monitor, Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol, PowerPC, Preemption (computing), Proprietary software, PSE-36, Quake III Arena, Random-access memory, Redmond, Washington, Reduced instruction set computer, Remote access service, Remote Desktop Services, Resource Kit, Routing and Remote Access Service, Server (computing), Server Message Block, Service pack, Software bug, Software release life cycle, Start menu, Symmetric multiprocessing, Syskey, Sysprep, System Policy Editor, Task Manager (Windows), Telephony Application Programming Interface, Uniprocessor system, Unreal Tournament, USB, User space, Vending machine, Virtual DOS machine, Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows Desktop Update, Windows Internet Name Service, Windows Management Instrumentation, Windows Media Services, Windows NT, Windows NT 3.51, Windows NT startup process, Windows Server Essentials, Windows shell, Windows Task Scheduler, Windows USER, Windows XP, Windows XP editions, Winsock, Wizard (software), Workstation. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Active Server Pages (ASP), later known as Classic ASP or ASP Classic, is Microsoft's first server-side script engine for dynamically generated web pages.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
The architecture of Windows NT, a line of operating systems produced and sold by Microsoft, is a layered design that consists of two main components, user mode and kernel mode.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
A stop error, better known as a Blue Screen of Death (also known as a blue screen or BSOD) is an error screen displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error, also known as a system crash: when the operating system reaches a condition where it can no longer operate safely.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
Collaboration Data Objects for Windows NT Server (CDONTS) is a component included with Microsoft's Windows NT and Windows 2000 server products.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Component Object Model (COM) is a binary-interface standard for software components introduced by Microsoft in 1993.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
In software engineering, coupling is the degree of interdependence between software modules; a measure of how closely connected two routines or modules are;ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765:2010 Systems and software engineering — Vocabulary the strength of the relationships between modules.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
In the maintenance of file systems, defragmentation is a process that reduces the amount of fragmentation.
Device Manager is a Control Panel applet in Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.
Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM) is a proprietary Microsoft technology for communication between software components on networked computers.
Distributed File System (DFS) is a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows servers to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
Font rasterization is the process of converting text from a vector description (as found in scalable fonts such as TrueType fonts) to a raster or bitmap description.
Full Tilt! Pinball is a pinball video game developed by Cinematronics and published by Maxis in 1995.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hardware abstractions are sets of routines in software that emulate some platform-specific details, giving programs direct access to the hardware resources.
High color graphics (variously spelled Highcolor, Hicolor, Hi-color, Hicolour, and Highcolour, and known as Thousands of colors on a Macintosh) is a method of storing image information in a computer's memory such that each pixel is represented by two bytes.
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
Indexing Service (originally called Index Server) was a Windows service that maintained an index of most of the files on a computer to improve searching performance on PCs and corporate computer networks.
The Intel 80286 (also marketed as the iAPX 286 and often called Intel 286) is a 16-bit microprocessor that was introduced on 1 February 1982.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
In computer science, inter-process communication or interprocess communication (IPC) refers specifically to the mechanisms an operating system provides to allow the processes to manage shared data.
Internet Authentication Service (IAS) is a component of Windows Server operating systems that provides centralized user authentication, authorization and accounting.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 2 (IE2) is the second major version of Internet Explorer (IE), a graphical web browser by Microsoft.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.
Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly Internet Information Server) is an extensible web server created by Microsoft for use with the Windows NT family.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
The term Legacy Plug and Play, also shortened to PnP, describes a series of specifications and Microsoft Windows features geared towards operating system configuration of devices.
A major appliance, or domestic appliance, is a large machine in home appliance used for routine housekeeping tasks such as cooking, washing laundry, or food preservation.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA) is an Application Programming Interface (API) for user interface accessibility.
Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) is a computer program that allows server computers to work together as a computer cluster, to provide failover and increased availability of applications, or parallel calculating power in case of high-performance computing (HPC) clusters (as in supercomputing).
The Microsoft windows platform specific Cryptographic Application Programming Interface (also known variously as CryptoAPI, Microsoft Cryptography API, MS-CAPI or simply CAPI) is an application programming interface included with Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides services to enable developers to secure Windows-based applications using cryptography.
Microsoft FrontPage (full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) is a discontinued WYSIWYG HTML editor and website administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of Windows 2000 and its successors that provides system administrators and advanced users an interface for configuring and monitoring the system.
Microsoft Message Queuing or MSMQ is a message queue implementation developed by Microsoft and deployed in its Windows Server operating systems since Windows NT 4 and Windows 95.
Microsoft Network Monitor is a deprecated packet analyzer.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Office XP (codenamed Office 10) is an office suite created and distributed by Microsoft for the Windows operating system.
Microsoft RPC (Microsoft Remote Procedure Call) is a modified version of DCE/RPC.
Microsoft Site Server, first released in 1996, was Microsoft's solution to the growing difficulty of managing complex websites which included multiple technologies, such as user management and authentication/authorization, content management, analysis, and indexing and search.
Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems.
Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) was software that provided services to Component Object Model (COM) software components, to make it easier to create large distributed applications.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
MS-CHAP is the Microsoft version of the Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol, CHAP.
Network Load Balancing Services (NLBS) is a Microsoft implementation of clustering and load balancing that is intended to provide high availability and high reliability, as well as high scalability.
In a Windows network, NT LAN Manager (NTLM) is a suite of Microsoft security protocols that provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality to users.
NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary file system developed by Microsoft.
Object Linking & Embedding (OLE) is a proprietary technology developed by Microsoft that allows embedding and linking to documents and other objects.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Performance Monitor (known as System Monitor in Windows 9x, Windows 2000 and Windows XP) is a system monitoring program introduced in Windows NT 3.1.
The Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is an obsolete method for implementing virtual private networks, with many known security issues.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
In computing, PSE-36 (36-bit Page Size Extension) refers to a feature of x86 processors that extends the physical memory addressing capabilities from 32 bits to 36 bits, allowing addressing to up to 64 GB of memory.
Quake III Arena is a multiplayer-focused first-person shooter video game released in December 1999.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Redmond is a city in King County, Washington, United States, located east of Seattle.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
A remote access services (RAS) is any combination of hardware and software to enable the remote access tools or information that typically reside on a network of IT devices.
Remote Desktop Services (RDS), known as Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 and earlier, is one of the components of Microsoft Windows that allows a user to take control of a remote computer or virtual machine over a network connection.
Resource Kit is a term used by Microsoft for a set of software resources and documentation released for their software products, but which is not part of that product.
Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) is a Microsoft API and server software that makes it possible to create applications to administer the routing and remote access service capabilities of the operating system, to function as a network router.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
In computer networking, Server Message Block (SMB), one version of which was also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), operates as an application-layer network protocol mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.
In computing, a service pack comprises a collection of updates, fixes, or enhancements to a computer program|software program delivered in the form of a single installable package.
A software bug is an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.
Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) involves a multiprocessor computer hardware and software architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single, shared main memory, have full access to all input and output devices, and are controlled by a single operating system instance that treats all processors equally, reserving none for special purposes.
The SAM Lock Tool, better known as Syskey (the name of its executable file) was a discontinued component of Microsoft Windows that encrypted the Security Account Manager (SAM) database using a 128-bit RC4 encryption key.
Sysprep is Microsoft's System Preparation Tool for Microsoft Windows operating system deployment.
System Policy Editor is a graphical tool provided with Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0, and Windows 98.
Task Manager, previously known as Windows Task Manager, is a task manager, system monitor, and startup manager included with Microsoft Windows systems.
The Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) is a Microsoft Windows API, which provides computer telephony integration and enables PCs running Microsoft Windows to use telephone services.
A uniprocessor system is defined as a computer system that has a single central processing unit that is used to execute computer tasks.
Unreal Tournament is a first-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games and Digital Extremes.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A modern computer operating system usually segregates virtual memory into kernel space and user space.
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.
Virtual DOS machine (VDM) is a technology that allows running 16-bit/32-bit DOS and 16-bit Windows programs on Intel 80386 or higher computers when there is already another operating system running and controlling the hardware.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft's Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4 (IE, released in September 1997), which introduced several updated shell features to the Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 operating systems.
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) is Microsoft's implementation of NetBIOS Name Service (NBNS), a name server and service for NetBIOS computer names.
Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) consists of a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model that provides an operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification.
Windows Media Services (WMS) is a streaming media server from Microsoft that allows an administrator to generate streaming media (audio/video).
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows NT 3.51 is the third release of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems.
The Windows NT startup process is the process by which Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems initialize.
Windows Server Essentials (formerly Windows Small Business Server or SBS) is an integrated server suite from Microsoft designed for running network infrastructure (both intranet management and Internet access) of small and midsize businesses having no more than 25 users or 50 devices.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Task Scheduler is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to schedule the launch of programs or scripts at pre-defined times or after specified time intervals: job scheduling (task scheduling).
Windows USER is a component of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides core functionality for building simple user interfaces.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows XP has been released in several editions since its original release in 2001.
In computing, the Windows Sockets API (WSA), later shortened to Winsock, is a technical specification that defines how Windows network software should access network services, especially TCP/IP.
A software wizard or setup assistant is a user interface type that presents a user with a sequence of dialog boxes that lead the user through a series of well-defined steps.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
MS Windows NT 4, MS Windows NT 4.0, Microsoft Windows NT 4, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, NT 4, NT 4.0, Windows NT 4, Windows NT 4.0 Embedded, Windows NT 4.0 Enterprise Server, Windows NT 4.0 SP6, Windows NT 4.0 Server, Windows NT 4.0 Server Terminal Server Edition, Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 3, Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 4, Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 5, Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 6A, Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server, Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition, Windows NT 4.0 Workstation, Windows NT 4.0 server, Windows NT 4.x, Windows NT Embedded 4.0, Windows NT Server 4.0 Terminal Server Edition, Windows NT Server 4.0, Terminal Server Edition, Windows NT4, Windows NT4 Server, Windows NT4 Workstation, Windows Nt 4, Windows nt 4, Windows nt 4.0, Winnt 4.