356 relations: Active Desktop, ActiveX, Address space layout randomization, Advanced Power Management, Adware, Antivirus software, AOL, Apple Inc., Application programming interface, Ars Technica, Assembly language, ATi Radeon R300 Series, ATI Technologies, Atomicity (database systems), Attractiveness, Backdoor (computing), Background Intelligent Transfer Service, Backup and Restore, Bill Gates, BitLocker, BitTorrent, Blu-ray, Bluetooth, Breadcrumb (navigation), Buffer overflow, C (programming language), C++, Cairo (operating system), Calendar (Windows), CBS Interactive, CD-ROM, Central processing unit, Channel 9 (Microsoft), Chess, Chess Titans, ClearType, ClickOnce, CNET, Code integrity, Code name, Cold boot attack, Commercial software, Common Language Runtime, Comparison of Windows Vista and Windows XP, Computer file, Computer virus, Computerworld, Condé Nast, Consumer electronics, Consumer Electronics Show, ..., Coordinated Universal Time, Creative Technology, Criticism of Windows Vista, Criticism of Windows XP, Cryptlib, Dell, Denial-of-service attack, Desktop computer, Desktop metaphor, Desktop search, Desktop Window Manager, Device driver, Digital distribution, Digital media, Digital rights management, Direct2D, Direct3D, DirectWrite, DirectX, DirectX Graphics Infrastructure, Disk Defragmenter (Windows), Disk encryption, Doc (computing), Dow Jones & Company, Dress-up, DVD, DVD player, EDonkey network, Email filtering, Encrypting File System, Engadget, European Union, Evaluation Assurance Level, EWeek, ExFAT, Exploit (computer security), Extended Industry Standard Architecture, ExtremeTech, Fair use, Feature creep, Features new to Windows Vista, File attribute, File Explorer, File sharing, File system, Filename, Filename extension, First-sale doctrine, Flash memory, Floppy disk, Font, Forbes, Forrester Research, Framebuffer object, Free Software Foundation, Gain (electronics), Game port, Games for Windows, Gartner, GeForce 6 series, Get a Mac, Google, Google Desktop, Graphical user interface, Graphics processing unit, Group Policy, GUID Partition Table, Hard disk drive, Hardware abstraction, Hardware overlay, HD DVD, Hewlett-Packard, Home network, Home theater PC, Hybrid drive, Hybrid kernel, HyperACCESS, IA-32, ICalendar, IEEE 1394, IEEE 802.11n-2009, IGN, Incisive Media, Incremental search, InformationWeek, InfoWorld, Intel Developer Forum, Intel GMA, International Data Corporation, International Data Group, Internationalized domain name, Internet Explorer, Internet Explorer 7, Internet Explorer 8, Internet Relay Chat, IPv6, Jim Allchin, Kernel (operating system), Kernel Patch Protection, Kernel Transaction Manager, Key (cryptography), Keystroke logging, Lenovo, Library (computing), List of features removed in Windows Vista, List of VIA chipsets, Logical Disk Manager, Mac OS X Tiger, Machine learning, Mahjong, Malware, Market share, Media Transfer Protocol, Microsoft, Microsoft account, Microsoft Active Accessibility, Microsoft Corp v Commission, Microsoft CryptoAPI, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft Gadgets, Microsoft Mahjong, Microsoft NetMeeting, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Security Development Lifecycle, Microsoft Security Essentials, Microsoft Software Assurance, Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft TechNet, Microsoft UI Automation, Microsoft Windows, Mobile device, Motherboard, Moving Picture Experts Group, MSN Dial-up, Multilingual User Interface, Network File System, Next-Generation Secure Computing Base, NTBackup, NTFS, Nvidia, Obfuscation, Open XML Paper Specification, Open-source model, OpenGL, Operating system, Original equipment manufacturer, Page cache, PC game, PC Magazine, PC World, Pearson Education, Peer-to-peer, Penton (company), Personal identification number, Peter Gutmann (computer scientist), Phishing, PowerShell, Princeton University, Professional Developers Conference, Progress bar, Proprietary software, Protected Media Path, Purble Place, QuinStreet, RAID, Random-access memory, ReadyBoost, Remote Desktop Services, Remote Installation Services, RGBA color space, Ribbon (computing), Rich Text Format, Rootkit, RSS, S3 Graphics, Screen reading, Screen tearing, SCSI, Secure cryptoprocessor, Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol, Security and safety features new to Windows Vista, Serial ATA, Service pack, Shader, Shadow Copy, Shared source, Skin (computing), Small and medium-sized enterprises, Smart card, Softpedia, Software developer, Software license, Software release life cycle, Source code, Source lines of code, South Korea, Spyware, Start menu, Super video graphics array, Symantec, Tab (GUI), Tablet computer, Tag (metadata), Taskbar, TCP window scale option, TechCrunch, TechRepublic, The New York Times, The Times, The Wall Street Journal, Threat (computer), Touchscreen, Transparency and translucency, Trojan Horse, Trusted Platform Module, Trustworthy computing, TV tuner card, UBM plc, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, USB flash drive, Usenet newsgroup, User Account Control, User interface, Vector graphics, VIA Nano, Virtual private network, Volume (computing), Vulnerability (computing), Web application, Web service, Wi-Fi, Windows 2000, Windows 7, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 9x, Windows Advanced Rasterization Platform, Windows Aero, Windows Anytime Upgrade, Windows API, Windows CardSpace, Windows Communication Foundation, Windows Defender, Windows Deployment Services, Windows Desktop Gadgets, Windows Display Driver Model, Windows domain, Windows DreamScene, Windows Driver Frameworks, Windows DVD Maker, Windows Error Reporting, Windows Fax and Scan, Windows Firewall, Windows Forms, Windows Genuine Advantage, Windows Hardware Engineering Conference, Windows Imaging Component, Windows Imaging Format, Windows Installer, Windows Marketplace, Windows ME, Windows Media Center, Windows Media Center Extender, Windows Media Player, Windows Media Video, Windows Meeting Space, Windows Messenger, Windows Messenger service, Windows Mobility Center, Windows Movie Maker, Windows NT, Windows Photo Gallery, Windows Presentation Foundation, Windows Rally, Windows Registry, Windows Search, Windows Server, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server Update Services, Windows service, Windows Services for UNIX, Windows shell, Windows SideShow, Windows Speech Recognition, Windows System Assessment Tool, Windows Ultimate Extras, Windows Update, Windows Vista editions, Windows Vista I/O technologies, Windows Workflow Foundation, Windows XP, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP visual styles, WinFS, Winlogon, Workflow, X86-64, Xbox 360, ZDNet, Ziff Davis, .NET Framework, .NET Framework version history, 32-bit, 3D computer graphics, 64-bit computing. 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Active Desktop was a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0's optional Windows Desktop Update that allowed users to add HTML content to the desktop, along with some other features.
ActiveX is a software framework created by Microsoft that adapts its earlier Component Object Model (COM) and Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technologies for content downloaded from a network, particularly from the World Wide Web.
Address space layout randomization (ASLR) is a computer security technique involved in preventing exploitation of memory corruption vulnerabilities.
Advanced power management (APM) is an API developed by Intel and Microsoft and released in 1992 which enables an operating system running an IBM-compatible personal computer to work with the BIOS (part of the computer's firmware) to achieve power management.
Adware, or advertising-supported software, is software that generates revenue for its developer by automatically generating online advertisements in the user interface of the software or on a screen presented to the user during the installation process.
Antivirus software, or anti-virus software (abbreviated to AV software), also known as anti-malware, is a computer program used to prevent, detect, and remove malware.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
The R300 GPU, introduced in August 2002 and developed by ATI Technologies, is its third generation of GPU used in Radeon graphics cards.
ATI Technologies Inc. (commonly called ATI) was a semiconductor technology corporation based in Markham, Ontario, Canada, that specialized in the development of graphics processing units and chipsets.
In database systems, atomicity (or atomicness; from Greek atomos, undividable) is one of the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) transaction properties.
#REDIRECT Attractiveness or attraction is a quality that causes an interest, desire in, or gravitation to something or someone.
A backdoor is a method, often secret, of bypassing normal authentication or encryption in a computer system, a product, or an embedded device (e.g. a home router), or its embodiment, e.g. as part of a cryptosystem, an algorithm, a chipset, or a "homunculus computer" (such as that as found in Intel's AMT technology).
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) is a component of Microsoft Windows 2000 and later iterations of the operating systems, which facilitates asynchronous, prioritized, and throttled transfer of files between machines using idle network bandwidth.
Backup and Restore (formerly Windows Backup and Restore Center) is a component of Microsoft Windows introduced in Windows Vista and included in later versions that allow users to create backups and restore from backups created earlier.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
BitLocker is a full disk encryption feature included with Windows Vista and later.
BitTorrent (abbreviated to BT) is a communication protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
A breadcrumb or breadcrumb trail is a graphical control element frequently used as a navigational aid in user interfaces and on web pages.
In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft from 1991 to 1996.
Calendar is a personal calendar application made by Microsoft.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Channel 9 is a Microsoft community site for Microsoft customers created in 2004.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Chess Titans is a chess game with 3D graphics developed by Oberon Games and included in Windows Vista and Windows 7 Home Premium, Business/Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate.
ClearType is Microsoft's implementation of subpixel rendering technology in rendering text in a font system.
ClickOnce is a component of Microsoft.NET Framework 2.0 and later, and supports deploying applications made with Windows Forms or Windows Presentation Foundation.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Code integrity is a measurement used in software testing.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
In cryptography, a cold boot attack (or to a lesser extent, a platform reset attack) is a type of side channel attack in which an attacker with physical access to a computer is able to retrieve encryption keys from a running operating system after using a cold reboot to restart the machine.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
The Common Language Runtime (CLR), the virtual machine component of Microsoft's.NET framework, manages the execution of.NET programs.
This page is a comparison of Windows Vista and Windows XP.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
Creative Technology Ltd. is a Singapore-based global company headquartered in Jurong East, Singapore.
Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft for consumers on January 30, 2007, has been criticised by reviewers and users.
Criticism of Windows XP deals with issues with security, performance and the presence of product activation errors that are specific to the Microsoft operating system Windows XP.
cryptlib is an open source cross-platform software security toolkit library.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
Desktop search tools search within a user's own computer files as opposed to searching the Internet.
Desktop Window Manager (DWM, previously Desktop Compositing Engine or DCE) is the window manager in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10 that enables the use of hardware acceleration to render the graphical user interface of Windows.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Direct2D is a 2D vector graphics application programming interface (API) designed by Microsoft and implemented in Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, and also Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 (with Platform Update installed).
Direct3D is a graphics application programming interface (API) for Microsoft Windows.
DirectWrite is a text layout and glyph rendering API by Microsoft.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
DirectX Graphics Infrastructure (DXGI) is a user-mode component of Windows Vista and above which provides a mapping between particular graphics APIs such as Direct3D 10.0 and above (known in DXGI parlance as producers) and the graphics kernel, which in turn interfaces with the user-mode Windows Display Driver Model driver.
Disk Defragmenter is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique called defragmentation.
Disk encryption is a technology which protects information by converting it into unreadable code that cannot be deciphered easily by unauthorized people.
In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of "document") is a filename extension for word processing documents, most commonly in the proprietary Microsoft Word Binary File Format.
Dow Jones & Company is an American publishing and financial information firm that has been owned by News Corp. since 2007.
Dress-up is a game played mainly by children.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
A DVD player is a device that plays DVD discs produced under both the DVD-Video and DVD-Audio technical standards, two different and incompatible standards.
The eDonkey Network (also known as the eDonkey2000 network or eD2k) is a decentralized, mostly server-based, peer-to-peer file sharing network created in 2000 by US developers Jed McCaleb and Sam Yagan that is best suited to share big files among users, and to provide long term availability of files.
Email filtering is the processing of email to organize it according to specified criteria.
The Encrypting File System (EFS) on Microsoft Windows is a feature introduced in version 3.0 of NTFS that provides filesystem-level encryption.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL1 through EAL7) of an IT product or system is a numerical grade assigned following the completion of a Common Criteria security evaluation, an international standard in effect since 1999.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
exFAT (Extended File Allocation Table) is a Microsoft file system introduced in 2006 optimized for flash memory such as USB flash drives and SD cards.
An exploit (from the English verb to exploit, meaning "to use something to one’s own advantage") is a piece of software, a chunk of data, or a sequence of commands that takes advantage of a bug or vulnerability to cause unintended or unanticipated behavior to occur on computer software, hardware, or something electronic (usually computerized).
The Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to EISA and frequently pronounced "eee-suh") is a bus standard for IBM PC compatible computers.
ExtremeTech is a technology weblog about hardware, computer software, science and other technologies which launched in May 2001.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
Feature creep, creeping featurism or featuritis is the ongoing expansion or addition of new features in a product, especially in computer software and consumer and business electronics.
Compared with previous versions of Microsoft Windows, new features of Windows Vista are numerous, covering most aspects of the operating system.
File attributes are metadata associated with computer files that define file system behavior.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
A filename (also written as two words, file name) is a name used to uniquely identify a computer file stored in a file system.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
The first-sale doctrine is a legal concept playing an important role in U.S. copyright and trademark law by limiting certain rights of a copyright or trademark owner.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Forrester is an American market research company that provides advice on existing and potential impact of technology, to its clients and the public.
The frame buffer object architecture (FBO) is an extension to OpenGL for doing flexible off-screen rendering, including rendering to a texture.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
In electronics, gain is a measure of the ability of a two-port circuit (often an amplifier) to increase the power or amplitude of a signal from the input to the output port by adding energy converted from some power supply to the signal.
The game port, originally introduced on the Game Control Adapter, is a device port that was found on IBM PC compatible and other computer systems throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
Games for Windows is a discontinued brand owned by Microsoft and introduced in 2006 to coincide with the release of the Windows Vista operating system.
Gartner, Inc. is a global research and advisory firm providing insights, advice, and tools for leaders in IT, Finance, HR, Customer Service and Support, Legal and Compliance, Marketing, Sales, and Supply Chain functions across the world.
The GeForce 6 Series (codename NV40) is Nvidia's sixth generation of GeForce graphic processing units.
The "Get a Mac" campaign is a television advertising campaign created for Apple Inc. (Apple Computer, Inc. at the start of the campaign) by TBWA\Media Arts Lab, the company's advertising agency, that ran from 2006 to 2009.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Desktop is a computer program with desktop search capabilities, created by Google for Linux, Apple Mac OS X, and Microsoft Windows systems.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
Group Policy is a feature of the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that controls the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts.
GUID Partition Table (GPT) is a standard for the layout of the partition table on a physical storage device used in a desktop or server PC, such as a hard disk drive or solid-state drive, using globally unique identifiers (GUID).
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hardware abstractions are sets of routines in software that emulate some platform-specific details, giving programs direct access to the hardware resources.
In computing, hardware overlay, a type of video overlay, provides a method of rendering an image to a display screen with a dedicated memory buffer inside computer video hardware.
HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
A home network or home area network (HAN) is a type of computer network that facilitates communication among devices within the close vicinity of a home.
A home theater PC (HTPC) or media center computer is a convergence device that combines some or all the capabilities of a personal computer with a software application that supports video, photo, audio playback, and sometimes video recording functionality.
In computing, a hybrid drive (solid state hybrid drive – SSHD) is a logical or physical storage device that combines a faster storage medium such as solid-state drive (SSD) with a higher-capacity hard disk drive (HDD).
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
HyperACCESS is a family of terminal emulation software by Hilgraeve.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
iCalendar is a computer file format which allows Internet users to send meeting requests and tasks to other Internet users by sharing or sending files in this format through various methods.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IEEE 802.11n-2009, commonly shortened to 802.11n, is a wireless-networking standard that uses multiple antennas to increase data rates.
IGN (formerly Imagine Games Network) is an American video game and entertainment media company operated by IGN Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Ziff Davis wholly owned by j2 Global.
Incisive Media is a B2B information and events business.
In computing, incremental search, incremental find or real-time suggestions is a user interface interaction method to progressively search for and filter through text.
InformationWeek is a digital magazine which conducts corresponding face-to-face events, virtual events, and research.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
Intel Developer Forum (IDF), is a gathering of technologists to discuss Intel products and products based on Intel products.
The Intel Graphics Media Accelerator, or GMA, is a series of integrated graphics processors introduced in 2004 by Intel, replacing the earlier Intel Extreme Graphics series and being succeeded by the Intel HD and Iris Graphics series.
International Data Corporation (IDC) is a provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
An internationalized domain name (IDN) is an Internet domain name that contains at least one label that is displayed in software applications, in whole or in part, in a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Tamil, Hebrew or the Latin alphabet-based characters with diacritics or ligatures, such as French.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Windows Internet Explorer 7 (IE7) (codenamed Rincon) is a web browser for Windows.
Windows Internet Explorer 8 (IE8) is a web browser developed by Microsoft in the Internet Explorer browser series, released on October 22, 2009.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
James Edward Allchin (born 1951, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States) is an American blues rock guitarist, philanthropist, and a former Microsoft executive.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
Kernel Patch Protection (KPP), informally known as PatchGuard, is a feature of 64-bit (x64) editions of Microsoft Windows that prevents patching the kernel.
Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM) is a component of the Windows operating system kernel in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 that enables applications to use atomic transactions on resources by making them available as kernel objects.
In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm.
Keystroke logging, often referred to as keylogging or keyboard capturing, is the action of recording (logging) the keys struck on a keyboard, typically covertly, so that the person using the keyboard is unaware that their actions are being monitored.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
While Windows Vista contains many new features, a number of capabilities and certain programs that were a part of previous Windows versions up to Windows XP were removed or changed – some of which were later re-introduced in Windows 7.
This is a list of computer motherboard chipsets made by VIA Technologies.
The Logical Disk Manager (LDM) is an implementation of a logical volume manager for Microsoft Windows NT, developed by Microsoft and Veritas Software.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.
Mahjong (Mandarin) is a tile-based game which was developed in China in the Qing dynasty and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.
The Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) is an extension to the Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) communications protocol that allows media files to be transferred atomically to and from portable devices.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft account or MSA (previously known as Microsoft Passport,.NET Passport, Microsoft Passport Network, and Windows Live ID) is a single sign-on web service developed and provided by Microsoft that allows users to log into websites (like Outlook.com), devices (e.g. Windows 10 computers and tablets, Windows Phones, or Xbox consoles), and applications (including Visual Studio) using one account.
Microsoft Active Accessibility (MSAA) is an Application Programming Interface (API) for user interface accessibility.
Microsoft Corp v Commission (2007) is a case brought by the European Commission of the European Union (EU) against Microsoft for abuse of its dominant position in the market (according to competition law).
The Microsoft windows platform specific Cryptographic Application Programming Interface (also known variously as CryptoAPI, Microsoft Cryptography API, MS-CAPI or simply CAPI) is an application programming interface included with Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides services to enable developers to secure Windows-based applications using cryptography.
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
Microsoft Gadgets are lightweight single-purpose applications, or software widgets, that can sit on a Microsoft Windows user's computer desktop, or are hosted on a web page.
Microsoft Mahjong (formerly Mahjong Titans and Taipei) is a computer game version of mahjong solitaire published by Microsoft.
Microsoft NetMeeting is a discontinued VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client included in many versions of Microsoft Windows (from Windows 95 OSR2 to Windows XP).
Microsoft PowerPoint (or simply PowerPoint) is a presentation program, created by Robert Gaskins and Dennis Austin at a software company named Forethought, Inc.
The Microsoft Security Development Lifecycle is a software development process used and proposed by Microsoft to reduce software maintenance costs and increase reliability of software concerning software security related bugs.
Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE) is an antivirus software (AV) that provides protection against different types of malicious software, such as computer viruses, spyware, rootkits, and trojan horses.
Microsoft Software Assurance (SA) is a Microsoft maintenance program aimed at business users who use Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, and other server and desktop applications.
Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems.
Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.
Microsoft UI Automation (UIA) is an application programming interface (API) that allows one to access, identify, and manipulate the user interface (UI) elements of another application.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MSN Dial-up is an Internet service provider operated by Microsoft in the United States and formerly also in several other countries.
Multilingual User Interface (MUI) is the name of a Microsoft technology for Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office and other applications that allows for the installation of multiple interface languages on a single system.
Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1984, allowing a user on a client computer to access files over a computer network much like local storage is accessed.
The Next-Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB; codenamed Palladium and also known as Trusted Windows) is a cancelled software architecture designed by Microsoft which aimed to provide users of the Windows operating system with better privacy, security, and system integrity.
NTBackup is the built-in backup application introduced in Windows NT around 1997 and part of all subsequent versions up to and including Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.
NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary file system developed by Microsoft.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
Obfuscation is the obscuring of the intended meaning of communication by making the message difficult to understand, usually with confusing and ambiguous language.
Open XML Paper Specification (also referred to as OpenXPS) is an open specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
In computing, a page cache, sometimes also called disk cache, is a transparent cache for the pages originating from a secondary storage device such as a hard disk drive (HDD).
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
Pearson Education (see also Pearson PLC) is a British-owned education publishing and assessment service to schools and corporations, as well as directly to students.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
Penton is an information services and marketing company.
A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.
Peter Claus Gutmann is a computer scientist in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details (and money), often for malicious reasons, by disguising as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
PowerShell is a task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Microsoft's Professional Developers Conference (PDC) was a series of conferences for software developers; the conference was held infrequently to coincide with beta releases of the Windows operating system, and showcased topics of interest to those developing hardware and software for the new version of Windows.
A progress bar is a graphical control element used to visualize the progression of an extended computer operation, such as a download, file transfer, or installation.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a "Protected Environment," first included in Microsoft's Windows Vista operating system, that is used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content.
Purble Place is a suite of three computer games for children.
QuinStreet, Inc. is a publicly traded marketing company based in Foster City, California.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) is a data storage virtualization technology that combines multiple physical disk drive components into one or more logical units for the purposes of data redundancy, performance improvement, or both.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
ReadyBoost (codenamed EMD) is a disk caching software component developed by Microsoft for Windows Vista and included in later versions of the Windows operating system.
Remote Desktop Services (RDS), known as Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 and earlier, is one of the components of Microsoft Windows that allows a user to take control of a remote computer or virtual machine over a network connection.
RIS, Remote Installation Services is a Microsoft-supplied server that allows PXE BIOS-enabled computers to remotely execute boot environment variables.
RGBA stands for red green blue alpha.
In computer interface design, a ribbon is a graphical control element in the form of a set of toolbars placed on several tabs.
) As an example, the following RTF code: is a document which would be rendered like this when read by a program that supports RTF: This is some bold text.
A root kit is a collection of computer software, typically malicious, designed to enable access to a computer or areas of its software that is not otherwise allowed (for example, to an unauthorized user) and often masks its existence or the existence of other software.
RSS (Rich Site Summary; originally RDF Site Summary; often called Really Simple Syndication) is a type of web feed which allows users to access updates to online content in a standardized, computer-readable format.
S3 Graphics, Ltd (commonly referred to as S3) is an American computer graphics company.
Screen reading is the act of reading a text on a computer screen, smartphone, e-book reader, etc.
Screen tearing is a visual artifact in video display where a display device shows information from multiple frames in a single screen draw.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
A secure cryptoprocessor is a dedicated computer on a chip or microprocessor for carrying out cryptographic operations, embedded in a packaging with multiple physical security measures, which give it a degree of tamper resistance.
Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol (SSTP) is a form of virtual private network (VPN) tunnel that provides a mechanism to transport PPP traffic through an SSL/TLS channel.
There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
In computing, a service pack comprises a collection of updates, fixes, or enhancements to a computer program|software program delivered in the form of a single installable package.
In computer graphics, a shader is a type of computer program that was originally used for shading (the production of appropriate levels of light, darkness, and color within an image) but which now performs a variety of specialized functions in various fields of computer graphics special effects or does video post-processing unrelated to shading, or even functions unrelated to graphics at all.
Shadow Copy (also known as Volume Snapshot Service, Volume Shadow Copy Service or VSS) is a technology included in Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of computer files or volumes, even when they are in use.
A shared source or source available software source code distribution model includes arrangements where the source can be viewed, and in some cases modified, but without necessarily meeting the criteria to be called open source.
In computing, a skin (also known as visual styles in Windows XP) is a custom graphical appearance preset package achieved by the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be applied to specific computer software, operating system, and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, also small and medium enterprises) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.
Softpedia is a website from Romania that indexes information and provides primarily software information and downloads.
A software developer is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming, and testing of computer software.
A software license is a legal instrument (usually by way of contract law, with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Source lines of code (SLOC), also known as lines of code (LOC), is a software metric used to measure the size of a computer program by counting the number of lines in the text of the program's source code.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization sometimes without their knowledge, that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, that asserts control over a device without the consumer's knowledge, or it may send such information to another entity with the consumer's consent, through cookies.
The Start menu is a user interface element used in Microsoft Windows since Windows 95 and in some other operating systems.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
Symantec Corporation (commonly known as Symantec) is an American software company headquartered in Mountain View, California, United States.
In interface design, a tabbed document interface (TDI) or Tab is a graphical control element that allows multiple documents or panels to be contained within a single window, using tabs as a navigational widget for switching between sets of documents.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
In information systems, a tag is a keyword or term assigned to a piece of information (such as an Internet bookmark, digital image, database record, or computer file).
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
The TCP window scale option is an option to increase the receive window size allowed in Transmission Control Protocol above its former maximum value of 65,535 bytes.
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare.
TechRepublic is an online trade publication and social community for IT professionals, with advice on best practices and tools for the day-to-day needs of IT decision-makers.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
In computer security, a threat is a possible danger that might exploit a vulnerability to breach security and therefore cause possible harm.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war.
Trusted Platform Module (TPM, also known as ISO/IEC 11889) is an international standard for a secure cryptoprocessor, a dedicated microcontroller designed to secure hardware through integrated cryptographic keys.
The term Trustworthy Computing (TwC) has been applied to computing systems that are inherently secure, available, and reliable.
A TV tuner card is a kind of television tuner that allows television signals to be received by a computer.
UBM plc is a global business-to-business (B2B) events organiser headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
A Usenet newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users in different locations using Internet.
User Account Control (UAC) is a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsoft's Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems, with a more relaxed, An overview of UAC in Windows 7 by Paul Thurott version also present in Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 and Windows 10.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
The VIA Nano (formerly code-named VIA Isaiah) is a 64-bit CPU for personal computers.
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.
In computer data storage, a volume or logical drive is a single accessible storage area with a single file system, typically (though not necessarily) resident on a single partition of a hard disk.
In computer security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a Threat Actor, such as an attacker, to perform unauthorized actions within a computer system.
In computing, a web application or web app is a client–server computer program which the client (including the user interface and client-side logic) runs in a web browser.
The term web service is either.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
Windows Advanced Rasterization Platform (WARP) is a software rasterizer and a component of DirectX graphics runtime in Windows 7 and later.
Windows Aero (a backronym for Authentic, Energetic, Reflective, and Open), also known as Aero Peek, is a design language introduced in the Windows Vista operating system.
Windows Anytime Upgrade is a discontinued component of Windows Vista and Windows 7 that enabled users to upgrade their editions of Windows (e.g., from Home Basic to Ultimate).
The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Windows CardSpace (codenamed InfoCard), is Microsoft's now-canceled client software for the Identity Metasystem.
The Windows Communication Foundation (WCF), previously known as Indigo, is a runtime and a set of APIs in the.NET Framework for building connected, service-oriented applications.
Windows Defender (called Windows Defender Antivirus in Windows 10 Creators Update) is an anti-malware component of Microsoft Windows.
Windows Deployment Services is a server technology from Microsoft for network-based installation of Windows operating systems.
Windows Desktop Gadgets (called Windows Sidebar in Windows Vista) is a discontinued widget engine for Microsoft Gadgets.
Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the graphic driver architecture for video card drivers running Microsoft Windows versions beginning with Windows Vista.
A Windows domain is a form of a computer network in which all user accounts, computers, printers and other security principals, are registered with a central database located on one or more clusters of central computers known as domain controllers.
Windows DreamScene is a utility that allows videos and.gif and other optimized animations to be used as desktop wallpapers.
Windows Driver Frameworks (WDF, formerly Windows Driver Foundation), is a set of Microsoft tools and libraries that aid in the creation of device drivers for Windows 2000 and later versions of Windows.
Windows DVD Maker was a DVD authoring utility developed by Microsoft, first released in 2007 in Windows Vista.
Windows Error Reporting (WER) (codenamed Watson) is a crash reporting technology introduced by Microsoft with Windows XP and included in later Windows versions and Windows Mobile 5.0 and 6.0.
Windows Fax and Scan is an integrated faxing and scanning application included in some versions of the Windows Vista operating system and all versions of Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10.
Windows Firewall (officially called Windows Defender Firewall in Windows 10), is a firewall component of Microsoft Windows.
Windows Forms (WinForms) is a graphical (GUI) class library included as a part of Microsoft.NET Framework, providing a platform to write rich client applications for desktop, laptop, and tablet PCs.
Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA) is an anti-infringement system created by Microsoft that enforces online validation of the licensing of several recent Microsoft Windows operating systems when accessing several services, such as Windows Update, and downloading Windows components from the Microsoft Download Center.
The Windows Hardware Engineering Community (WinHEC) is a series of technical conferences and workshops, where Microsoft elaborates on its hardware plans for Windows devices.
Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista (and later available in Windows XP Service Pack 3) for working with and processing digital images and image metadata.
The Windows Imaging Format (WIM) is a file-based disk image format.
Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft Installer, codename Darwin) is a software component and application programming interface (API) of Microsoft Windows used for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software.
Windows Marketplace was a Microsoft platform for the delivery of software electronically that was secured by use of Windows Live ID (now Microsoft account).
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows Media Center (WMC) is a discontinued digital video recorder and media player created by Microsoft.
Windows Media Center Extenders (officially "Extender for Windows Media Center") are devices that are configured to connect over a computer network to a computer running Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows Vista Home Premium and Ultimate, Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional and Ultimate, or Windows 8 Pro with the Media Center pack add-on to stream the computer's media center functions to the Extender device.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Media Video (WMV) is a series of video codecs and their corresponding video coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Windows Meeting Space (codenamed Windows Shared View and also referred to as Windows Collaboration) was a peer-to-peer collaboration program developed by Microsoft and included with Windows Vista that supports up to 10 users.
Windows Messenger is a discontinued instant messaging client included in Windows XP.
Messenger service is a network-based system notification Windows service by Microsoft that was included in some earlier versions of Microsoft Windows.
Windows Mobility Center is a component of Microsoft Windows, introduced in Windows Vista, that centralizes information and settings most relevant to mobile computing.
Windows Movie Maker (formerly known as Windows Live Movie Maker in Windows 7) is a video editing software by Microsoft.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows Photo Gallery (formerly known as Windows Live Photo Gallery) is an image organizer, photo editor and photo sharing app.
Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) is a graphical subsystem by Microsoft for rendering user interfaces in Windows-based applications.
Windows Rally is a set of technologies from Microsoft intended to simplify the setup and maintenance of wired and wireless network-connected devices.
The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.
Windows Search, formerly known as Windows Desktop Search (WDS) on Windows XP and Windows Server 2003, is an indexed desktop search platform created by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows.
Windows Server is a brand name for a group of server operating systems released by Microsoft.
Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.
Windows Server 2008 is the second major release of the Windows Server family of operating systems for server computers.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), previously known as Software Update Services (SUS), is a computer program developed by Microsoft Corporation that enables administrators to manage the distribution of updates and hotfixes released for Microsoft products to computers in a corporate environment.
In Windows NT operating systems, a Windows service is a computer program that operates in the background.
Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) is a discontinued software package produced by Microsoft which provided a Unix environment on Windows NT and some of its immediate successor operating-systems.
The Windows shell is the graphical user interface for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Windows SideShow is a technology developed by Microsoft and introduced in the Windows Vista operating system that is designed to provide information such as the number of unread e-mail messages or RSS feeds on a secondary display of a Windows-based device; displays may be integrated as part of a device itself or included as part of a separate component connected to a personal computer.
Windows Speech Recognition (WSR) is a speech recognition component developed by Microsoft for Windows Vista that enables the use of voice commands to control the desktop user interface; dictate text in electronic documents, forms and email; navigate websites; perform keyboard shortcuts; operate the mouse cursor; and create macros to perform additional tasks.
The Windows System Assessment Tool (WinSAT) is a module of Microsoft Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10 that is available in the Control Panel under Performance Information and Tools (except in Windows 8.1 & Windows 10).
Windows Ultimate Extras are optional features offered by Microsoft to users of the Ultimate edition of Windows Vista and are accessible via Windows Update.
Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.
Windows Vista—a major release of the Microsoft Windows operating system—was available in six different product editions: Starter; Home Basic; Home Premium; Business; Enterprise; and Ultimate.
Windows Vista introduced a number of new I/O functions to the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.
Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) is a Microsoft technology that provides an API, an in-process workflow engine, and a rehostable designer to implement long-running processes as workflows within.NET applications.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows XP Media Center Edition (MCE) is a version of the Windows XP operating system which was the first version of Windows to include Windows Media Center, designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub.
Windows XP visual styles are customizations of the graphical user interface of Windows XP.
WinFS (short for Windows Future Storage) was the code name for a canceled data storage and management system project based on relational databases, developed by Microsoft and first demonstrated in 2003 as an advanced storage subsystem for the Microsoft Windows operating system, designed for persistence and management of structured, semi-structured and unstructured data.
In computing, Winlogon is the component of Microsoft Windows operating systems that is responsible for handling the secure attention sequence, loading the user profile on logon, and optionally locking the computer when a screensaver is running (requiring another authentication step).
A workflow consists of an orchestrated and repeatable pattern of business activity enabled by the systematic organization of resources into processes that transform materials, provide services, or process information.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
Ziff Davis, LLC is an American publisher and Internet company.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft started development on the.NET Framework in the late 1990s originally under the name of Next Generation Windows Services (NGWS).
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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