225 relations: ActiveX, Advanced Micro Devices, Alpha compositing, Antivirus software, Arbitrary code execution, ATMIA, Automated system recovery, Automated teller machine, Background Intelligent Transfer Service, Backporting, BIOS, Bliss (image), Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg L.P., Briefcase, CBS Interactive, CD-ROM, Central processing unit, China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Cirrus cloud, ClearType, CNET, Commercial software, Comparison of operating systems, Compatibility layer, Component Object Model, Computer hardware, Computer keyboard, Computer mouse, Computer network, Computer speakers, Computerworld, Context menu, Copy protection, Criticism of Windows Vista, Dell, Deprecation, Development hell, Development of Windows Vista, Device driver, Digital subscriber line, Digital video recorder, DirectX, Drop shadow, Dynamic Data Exchange, Electronic program guide, Embedded system, Emerging markets, End-of-life (product), ..., End-user license agreement, Eolas, Europe, European Commission, Executable space protection, Fair Trade Commission (South Korea), Fast user switching, File Explorer, FIPS 140-2, Firefox, Folder redirection, Fujitsu Siemens Computers, Google Chrome, Government of China, Great Recession, Headphones, Hearst Communications, Helicopter, Hertz, Hewlett-Packard, Hibernation (computing), History of operating systems, Home theater PC, Hybrid kernel, IA-32, IA-64, IBM, IEEE 1394, IEEE 802.11, India, Input method, Instant messaging, Intel, International Data Group, Internationalization and localization, Internet, Internet Connection Sharing, Internet Explorer, Internet Explorer 6, Internet Information Services, Itanium, Kingsoft, Laplink PCmover, Legacy Plug and Play, Legacy system, Lenovo, Linux, Liquid-crystal display, List of operating systems, Malicious Software Removal Tool, Mass surveillance in the United States, Master boot record, Media player (software), Medical device, Megabyte, Microsoft, Microsoft Corp v Commission, Microsoft Developer Network, Microsoft FlexGo, Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, Microsoft Neptune, Microsoft Office 2003, Microsoft Press, Microsoft Product Activation, Microsoft Redmond campus, Microsoft Security Essentials, Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager, Microsoft Tablet PC, Microsoft TechNet, MMX (instruction set), Modem, MS-DOS, MSN Dial-up, Multi-monitor, Multilingual User Interface, Napa County, California, Napa, California, NetBIOS, Netbook, Network interface controller, Network socket, North Korea, NX bit, Opera (web browser), Operating system, Original equipment manufacturer, OS/2, Outlook Express, P5 (microarchitecture), Patch (computing), Patent, Paul Thurrott, PC Magazine, Pentium, Penton (company), Personal computer, POSIX, Pound sterling, Prefetcher, Product key, Professional Developers Conference, Proprietary software, Quick Assist, Remote Desktop Protocol, Remote Desktop Services, Reverse engineering, Roaming user profile, Security and Maintenance, Security Support Provider Interface, September 11 attacks, Service pack, Shared source, Shim (computing), Side-by-side assembly, Software release life cycle, Sound card, South Korea, Stratocumulus cloud, Stylus (computing), Subpixel rendering, Subsidy, Super video graphics array, System Restore, Taskbar, TCP half-open, Telephony Application Programming Interface, Tencent, Thailand, The Spokesman-Review, Tuner (radio), Unfair competition, United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team, United States v. Microsoft Corp., W3Schools, WannaCry ransomware attack, Web analytics, Whistler Blackcomb, Whistler, British Columbia, Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Protected Access, Windows 10, Windows 2000, Windows 7, Windows 98, Windows 9x, Windows domain, Windows Embedded Industry, Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs, Windows Imaging Component, Windows IoT, Windows IT Pro, Windows Management Instrumentation, Windows ME, Windows Media Center, Windows Media Player, Windows Messenger, Windows Messenger service, Windows NT, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Odyssey, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server Update Services, Windows Update, Windows Vista, Windows Vista I/O technologies, Windows XP editions, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP visual styles, Wireless Zero Configuration, X86-64, ZDNet, Zombie (computer science), .NET Framework, 64-bit computing. Expand index (175 more) » « Shrink index
ActiveX is a software framework created by Microsoft that adapts its earlier Component Object Model (COM) and Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technologies for content downloaded from a network, particularly from the World Wide Web.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
Antivirus software, or anti-virus software (abbreviated to AV software), also known as anti-malware, is a computer program used to prevent, detect, and remove malware.
In computer security, "arbitrary code execution" is used to describe an attacker's ability to execute any command of the attacker's choice on a target machine or in a target process.
The ATM Industry Association or ATMIA (originally the ATM Owners Association) was established in 1997 in the USA as a global nonprofit trade association to service an industry that built around the global growth of the ATM.
Automated system recovery (ASR) is a feature of the Windows XP operating system that can be used to simplify recovery of a computer's system or boot volumes.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) is a component of Microsoft Windows 2000 and later iterations of the operating systems, which facilitates asynchronous, prioritized, and throttled transfer of files between machines using idle network bandwidth.
Backporting is the action of taking parts from a newer version of a software system or software component and porting them to an older version of the same software.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
Bliss is the name of the default computer wallpaper of Microsoft's Windows XP operating system.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
A briefcase is a narrow hard-sided box-shaped bag or case used mainly for carrying papers and other documents and equipped with a handle.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), with historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republic of China era, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Cirrus (cloud classification symbol: Ci) is a genus of atmospheric cloud generally characterized by thin, wispy strands, giving the type its name from the Latin word cirrus, meaning a ringlet or curling lock of hair.
ClearType is Microsoft's implementation of subpixel rendering technology in rendering text in a font system.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
These tables provide a comparison of operating systems, of computer devices, as listing general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available PC or handheld (including smartphone and tablet computer) operating systems.
In software engineering, a compatibility layer is an interface that allows binaries for a legacy or foreign system to run on a host system.
Component Object Model (COM) is a binary-interface standard for software components introduced by Microsoft in 1993.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Computer speakers, or multimedia speakers, are speakers sold for use with computers, although usually capable of other audio uses, e.g. for an MP3 player.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
A context menu (also called contextual, shortcut, and pop up or pop-up menu) is a menu in a graphical user interface (GUI) that appears upon user interaction, such as a right-click mouse operation.
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft for consumers on January 30, 2007, has been criticised by reviewers and users.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
In several fields, deprecation is the discouragement of use of some terminology, feature, design, or practice, typically because it has been superseded or is no longer considered efficient or safe, without completely removing it or prohibiting its use.
Development hell or development limbo is media industry jargon for a project that remains in development (often moving between different crews, scripts, or studios) without progressing to completion.
Development of Windows Vista occurred over the span of five and a half years, starting in earnest in May 2001, prior to the release of Microsoft's Windows XP operating system, and continuing until November 2006.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital subscriber line (DSL; originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data over telephone lines.
A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.
Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms.
In graphic design, a drop shadow is a visual effect consisting of a drawing element which looks like the shadow of an object, giving the impression that the object is raised above the objects behind it.
In computing, Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) is a method of interprocess communication under Microsoft Windows or OS/2.
Electronic program guides (EPGs) and interactive program guides (IPGs) are menu-based systems that provide users of television, radio and other media applications with continuously updated menus displaying broadcast programming (TV listings in the UK) or scheduling information for current and upcoming programming.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.
"End-of-life" (EOL) is a term used with respect to a product supplied to customers, indicating that the product is in the end of its useful life (from the vendor's point of view), and a vendor stops marketing, selling, or rework sustaining it.
In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
Eolas (meaning "Knowledge"; bacronym: "Embedded Objects Linked Across Systems") is a United States technology company accused of mainly acting as a patent troll and described as "The Web’s longest nightmare".
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
In computer security, executable-space protection marks memory regions as non-executable, such that an attempt to execute machine code in these regions will cause an exception.
The Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC) is South Korea's regulatory authority for economic competition.
Fast user switching is a feature, i.e. a term for some rather loosely specified functionality, of a multi-user operating system.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 140-2, (FIPS PUB 140-2), is a U.S. government computer security standard used to approve cryptographic modules.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
In computing, and specifically in the context of Microsoft Windows operating systems, Microsoft refers to Folder Redirection when automatically re-routing I/O to/from standard folders (directories) to use storage elsewhere on a network.
Fujitsu Siemens Computers GmbH was a Japanese and German vendor of Information technology.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user's ears.
Hearst Communications, often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City, New York.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Hibernation (or suspend to disk) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state.
Computer operating systems (OSes) provide a set of functions needed and used by most application programs on a computer, and the links needed to control and synchronize computer hardware.
A home theater PC (HTPC) or media center computer is a convergence device that combines some or all the capabilities of a personal computer with a software application that supports video, photo, audio playback, and sometimes video recording functionality.
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
IA-64 (also called Intel Itanium architecture) is the instruction set architecture (ISA) of the Itanium family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An input method (or input method editor, commonly abbreviated IME) is an operating system component or program that allows any data, such as keyboard strokes or mouse movements, to be received as input.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target locale.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is a Windows service that enables one Internet-connected computer to share its Internet connection with other computers on a local area network (LAN).
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.
Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly Internet Information Server) is an extensible web server created by Microsoft for use with the Windows NT family.
Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).
Kingsoft is a Chinese software company that has research and development centers in Beijing, Chengdu, Dalian, and Zhuhai.
Laplink PCmover is a PC migration software developed by Laplink Software.
The term Legacy Plug and Play, also shortened to PnP, describes a series of specifications and Microsoft Windows features geared towards operating system configuration of devices.
In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This is a list of operating systems.
Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is a freely distributed virus removal tool developed by Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
The practice of mass surveillance in the United States dates back to WWI wartime monitoring and censorship of international communications from, to, or which passed through the United States.
A master boot record (MBR) is a special type of boot sector at the very beginning of partitioned computer mass storage devices like fixed disks or removable drives intended for use with IBM PC-compatible systems and beyond.
A media player is a computer program for playing multimedia files like videos, movies and music.
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Corp v Commission (2007) is a case brought by the European Commission of the European Union (EU) against Microsoft for abuse of its dominant position in the market (according to competition law).
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the firm's relationship with developers and testers, such as hardware developers interested in the operating system (OS), and software developers developing on the various OS platforms or using the API or scripting languages of Microsoft's applications.
FlexGo is a technology developed by Microsoft to enable users to pay for using a full-featured personal computer based on the amount of time it used for, similar to pay as you go for cell phones.
The Microsoft Java Virtual Machine (MSJVM) is a discontinued proprietary Java virtual machine from Microsoft.
Neptune was the codename for a version of Microsoft Windows under development in 1999.
Microsoft Office 2003 (codenamed Office 11) is an office suite developed and distributed by Microsoft for its Windows operating system.
Microsoft Press is the publishing arm of Microsoft, usually releasing books dealing with various current Microsoft technologies.
Microsoft Product Activation is a DRM technology used by Microsoft Corporation in several of its computer software programs, most notably its Windows operating system and its Office productivity suite.
The Microsoft campus is the informal name of Microsoft's corporate headquarters, located at One Microsoft Way in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE) is an antivirus software (AV) that provides protection against different types of malicious software, such as computer viruses, spyware, rootkits, and trojan horses.
Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems.
Microsoft Tablet PC is a term coined by Microsoft for tablet computers conforming to a set of specifications announced in 2001 by Microsoft, for a pen-enabled personal computer, conforming to hardware specifications devised by Microsoft and running a licensed copy of Windows XP Tablet PC Edition operating system or a derivative thereof.
Microsoft TechNet is a Microsoft web portal and web service for IT professionals.
MMX is a single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) instruction set designed by Intel, introduced in 1997 with its P5-based Pentium line of microprocessors, designated as "Pentium with MMX Technology".
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MSN Dial-up is an Internet service provider operated by Microsoft in the United States and formerly also in several other countries.
Multi-monitor, also called multi-display and multi-head, is the use of multiple physical display devices, such as monitors, televisions, and projectors, in order to increase the area available for computer programs running on a single computer system.
Multilingual User Interface (MUI) is the name of a Microsoft technology for Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office and other applications that allows for the installation of multiple interface languages on a single system.
Napa County is a county located north of San Pablo Bay in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.
Napa is the largest city and the county seat of Napa County, California.
NetBIOS is an acronym for Network Basic Input/Output System.
Netbook is a generic name given to a category of small, lightweight, legacy-free, and inexpensive laptop computers that were introduced in 2007.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
A network socket is an internal endpoint for sending or receiving data within a node on a computer network.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The NX bit (no-execute) is a technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use by either storage of processor instructions (code) or for storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard architecture processors.
Opera is a web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems developed by Opera Software AS.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
Outlook Express, formerly known as Microsoft Internet Mail and News, is a discontinued email and news client included with Internet Explorer versions 3.0 through to 6.0.
The first Pentium microprocessor was introduced by Intel on March 22, 1993.
A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Paul Brian Thurrott (born October 29, 1966) is a technology podcaster, published author, and blogger on his website thurrott.com in collaboration with.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
Penton is an information services and marketing company.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
The Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) is a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The Prefetcher is a component of Microsoft Windows which was introduced in Windows XP.
A product key, also known as a software key, is a specific software-based key for a computer program.
Microsoft's Professional Developers Conference (PDC) was a series of conferences for software developers; the conference was held infrequently to coincide with beta releases of the Windows operating system, and showcased topics of interest to those developing hardware and software for the new version of Windows.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Quick Assist, originally known as Windows Remote Assistance, is a feature of Windows XP and later that allows a user to temporarily view or control a remote Windows computer over a network or the Internet to resolve issues without directly touching the unit.
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft, which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection.
Remote Desktop Services (RDS), known as Terminal Services in Windows Server 2008 and earlier, is one of the components of Microsoft Windows that allows a user to take control of a remote computer or virtual machine over a network connection.
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
A roaming user profile is a concept in the Windows NT family of operating systems that allows users with a computer joined to a Windows Server domain to log on to any computer on the same network and access their documents and have a consistent desktop experience, such as applications remembering toolbar positions and preferences, or the desktop appearance staying the same.
Security and Maintenance (formerly known as Action Center, and Security Center in earlier versions) is a component of the Windows NT family of operating systems that monitors the security and maintenance status of the computer.
Security Support Provider Interface (SSPI) is a Win32 API used by Microsoft Windows systems to perform a variety of security-related operations such as authentication.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
In computing, a service pack comprises a collection of updates, fixes, or enhancements to a computer program|software program delivered in the form of a single installable package.
A shared source or source available software source code distribution model includes arrangements where the source can be viewed, and in some cases modified, but without necessarily meeting the criteria to be called open source.
In computer programming, a shim is a small library that transparently intercepts API calls and changes the arguments passed, handles the operation itself or redirects the operation elsewhere.
Side-by-side assembly (SxS, or WinSxS on Microsoft Windows) technology is a standard for executable files in Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows 2000, and later versions of Windows that attempts to alleviate problems (collectively known as "DLL Hell") that arise from the use of dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) in Microsoft Windows.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
A stratocumulus cloud belongs to a genus-type of clouds characterized by large dark, rounded masses, usually in groups, lines, or waves, the individual elements being larger than those in altocumulus, and the whole being at a lower altitude, usually below 2,400 meters (8,000 ft).
In computing, a stylus (or stylus pen) is a small pen-shaped instrument that is used to input commands to a computer screen, mobile device or graphics tablet.
Subpixel rendering is a way to increase the apparent resolution of a computer's liquid crystal display (LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display by rendering pixels to take into account the screen type's physical properties.
A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
System Restore is a feature in Microsoft Windows that allows the user to revert their computer's state (including system files, installed applications, Windows Registry, and system settings) to that of a previous point in time, which can be used to recover from system malfunctions or other problems.
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
The term half-open refers to TCP connections whose state is out of synchronization between the two communicating hosts, possibly due to a crash of one side.
The Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) is a Microsoft Windows API, which provides computer telephony integration and enables PCs running Microsoft Windows to use telephone services.
Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese multinational investment holding conglomerate whose subsidiaries specialize in various Internet-related services and products, entertainment, artificial intelligence and technology both in China and globally.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Spokesman-Review is a daily broadsheet newspaper in the northwest United States, based in Spokane, Washington, that city's only daily publication.
A tuner is a subsystem that receives radio frequency (RF) transmissions like radio broadcasts and converts the selected carrier frequency and its associated bandwidth into a fixed frequency that is suitable for further processing, usually because a lower frequency is used on the output.
Unfair (or disloyal) competition in commercial law is a deceptive business practice that causes economic harm to other businesses or to consumers.
The United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) is an organization within the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD).
United States v. Microsoft Corporation, 253 F.3d 34 (D.C. Cir. 2001), is a U.S. antitrust law case, ultimately settled by the Department of Justice (DOJ), in which Microsoft Corporation was accused of holding a monopoly and engaging in anti-competitive practices contrary to sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
W3Schools is a popular web site for learning web technologies online.
The WannaCry ransomware attack was a May 2017 worldwide cyberattack by the WannaCry ransomware cryptoworm, which targeted computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system by encrypting data and demanding ransom payments in the Bitcoin cryptocurrency.
Web analytics is the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of web data for purposes of understanding and optimizing web usage.
Whistler Blackcomb is a ski resort located north of Vancouver, in British Columbia, Canada.
Whistler (Squamish language: Sḵwiḵw) is a resort town in the southern Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in the province of British Columbia, Canada, approximately north of Vancouver and south of the town of Pemberton.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) and Wi-Fi Protected Access II (WPA2) are two security protocols and security certification programs developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to secure wireless computer networks.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis while in development) is a graphical operating system by Microsoft.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
A Windows domain is a form of a computer network in which all user accounts, computers, printers and other security principals, are registered with a central database located on one or more clusters of central computers known as domain controllers.
Windows Embedded Industry, formerly Windows Embedded POSReady and Windows Embedded for Point of Service, is an operating system subfamily developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows Embedded family of products.
Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs ("WinFLP") is a thin client operating system from Microsoft.
Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista (and later available in Windows XP Service Pack 3) for working with and processing digital images and image metadata.
Windows IoT, formerly Windows Embedded, is a family of operating systems from Microsoft designed for use in embedded systems.
Windows IT Pro is a trade publication and web site owned by Penton serving the information needs of IT professionals working with the Microsoft Windows platform.
Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) consists of a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model that provides an operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification.
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows Media Center (WMC) is a discontinued digital video recorder and media player created by Microsoft.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Messenger is a discontinued instant messaging client included in Windows XP.
Messenger service is a network-based system notification Windows service by Microsoft that was included in some earlier versions of Microsoft Windows.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows NT 4.0 is an operating system that is part of Microsoft's Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows Odyssey is a codename for a cancelled version of the Microsoft Windows operating system intended to succeed Windows 2000.
Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), previously known as Software Update Services (SUS), is a computer program developed by Microsoft Corporation that enables administrators to manage the distribution of updates and hotfixes released for Microsoft products to computers in a corporate environment.
Windows Update is a Microsoft service for the Windows 9x and Windows NT families of operating system, which automates downloading and installing software updates over the Internet.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows Vista introduced a number of new I/O functions to the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.
Windows XP has been released in several editions since its original release in 2001.
Windows XP Media Center Edition (MCE) is a version of the Windows XP operating system which was the first version of Windows to include Windows Media Center, designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, released on April 25, 2005, is an edition of Windows XP for x86-64 personal computers.
Windows XP visual styles are customizations of the graphical user interface of Windows XP.
Wireless Zero Configuration (WZC), also known as Wireless Auto Configuration, or WLAN AutoConfig is a wireless connection management utility included with Microsoft Windows XP and later operating systems as a service that dynamically selects a wireless network to connect to based on a user's preferences and various default settings.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
In computer science, a zombie is a computer connected to the Internet that has been compromised by a hacker, computer virus or trojan horse program and can be used to perform malicious tasks of one sort or another under remote direction.
.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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