83 relations: Aerodynamics, Air superiority fighter, Airbus A380, Aircraft principal axes, Airspeed, Angle of attack, Attack aircraft, Aviation in World War II, Beechcraft Baron, Beechcraft Model 99, Bird, Boeing 367-80, Boeing 737 Classic, Boeing 737 Next Generation, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, Boeing 777, Business jet, Camber (aerodynamics), Cenozoic, Circular motion, Civil Aviation Authority (United Kingdom), Concorde, Convair B-36 Peacemaker, Crane (bird), Cretaceous, Dassault Mirage III, Delta wing, Disk loading, Elevator (aeronautics), Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Fokker F27 Friendship, Fokker F28 Fellowship, G-force, General aviation, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Glider (sailplane), Gliding competition, Grumman F-14 Tomcat, Hang gliding, Hawker Hunter, Landing, Large aircraft, Learjet 31, Lift (force), Lift (soaring), Lift coefficient, Lift-to-drag ratio, Load factor (aeronautics), ..., Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, Maximum takeoff weight, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, Microlift glider, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, Monarch butterfly, Multirole combat aircraft, Narrow-body aircraft, Newton's laws of motion, Ozone Gliders, Panavia Tornado, Paragliding, Passerine, Piper PA-28 Cherokee, Radius, Regional airliner, Regional jet, Schleicher ASW 22, Stall (fluid mechanics), Supermarine Spitfire, Supersonic transport, Swan, Takeoff, True airspeed, Turboprop, Turning radius, Ultralight aviation, Variable-sweep wing, Wide-body aircraft, Wills Wing, Wing configuration. Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
An air superiority fighter, also spelled air-superiority fighter, is a type of fighter aircraft designed for entering and seizing control of enemy airspace as a means of establishing complete dominance over the enemy's air force (air supremacy).
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
An aircraft in flight is free to rotate in three dimensions: yaw, nose left or right about an axis running up and down; pitch, nose up or down about an axis running from wing to wing; and roll, rotation about an axis running from nose to tail.
Airspeed is the speed of an aircraft relative to the air.
In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
During World War II, aviation firmly established itself as a critical component of modern warfare from the Battle of Britain in the early stages to the great aircraft carrier battles between American and Japanese Pacific fleets and the final delivery of nuclear weapons.
The Beechcraft Baron is a light, twin-engined piston aircraft designed and produced by Beechcraft, introduced in 1961.
The Beechcraft Model 99 is a civilian aircraft produced by the Beechcraft.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The Boeing 367-80, known simply as the Dash 80, is an American four-engine prototype aircraft built by Boeing to demonstrate the advantages of jet propulsion for commercial aviation.
The Boeing 737 Classic refers to the -300/-400/-500 series of the Boeing 737.
The Boeing 737 Next Generation, commonly abbreviated as 737NG, is the name given to the −600/-700/-800/-900 series of the Boeing 737 airliner.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the two acting surfaces of an aerofoil, with the top surface of a wing (or correspondingly the front surface of a propeller blade) commonly being more convex (positive camber).
The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.
In physics, circular motion is a movement of an object along the circumference of a circle or rotation along a circular path.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the statutory corporation which oversees and regulates all aspects of civil aviation in the United Kingdom.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
The Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" is a strategic bomber built by Convair and operated solely by the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1949 to 1959.
Cranes are a family, Gruidae, of large, long-legged and long-necked birds in the group Gruiformes.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.
The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.
In fluid dynamics, disk loading or disc loading is the average pressure change across an actuator disk, such as an airscrew.
Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.
The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner developed and manufactured by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.
The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
A glider or sailplane is a type of glider aircraft used in the leisure activity and sport of gliding.
Some of the pilots in the sport of gliding take part in gliding competitions.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
Hang gliding is an air sport or recreational activity in which a pilot flies a light, non-motorised foot-launched heavier-than-air aircraft called a hang glider.
The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.
Large aircraft allow the transportation of large and/or heavy payloads over long distances.
The Learjet 31 is an American built twin-engined, high speed business jet.
A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.
Lift is a meteorological phenomenon used as an energy source by soaring aircraft and soaring birds.
The lift coefficient (CL, CN or Cz) is a dimensionless coefficient that relates the lift generated by a lifting body to the fluid density around the body, the fluid velocity and an associated reference area.
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
In aeronautics, the load factor is defined as the ratio of the lift of an aircraft to its weightHurt, page 37 and represents a global measure of the stress ("load") to which the structure of the aircraft is subjected: where: Since the load factor is the ratio of two forces, it is dimensionless.
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a single-engine, supersonic interceptor aircraft which later became widely used as an attack aircraft.
The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
A Microlift glider is a recreational glider that is able to exploit microlift, which is lift weaker than a conventional glider would require to stay airborne.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.
The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae.
A multirole combat aircraft (MRCA) is a combat aircraft intended to perform different roles in combat.
A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below of width.
Newton's laws of motion are three physical laws that, together, laid the foundation for classical mechanics.
Ozone Gliders Limited is an aircraft manufacturer based in Le Bar-sur-Loup, France, although it is registered in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure.
A passerine is any bird of the order Passeriformes, which includes more than half of all bird species.
The Piper PA-28 Cherokee is a family of light aircraft built by Piper Aircraft and designed for flight training, air taxi and personal use.
In classical geometry, a radius of a circle or sphere is any of the line segments from its center to its perimeter, and in more modern usage, it is also their length.
A regional airliner or a feederliner is a small airliner that is designed to fly up to 100 passengers on short-haul flights, usually feeding larger carriers' airline hubs from small markets.
A regional jet (RJ) is a class of short to medium-range turbofan powered regional airliners.
The ASW 22 is an Open Class glider built of modern fibre reinforced composites including carbon-fibre and Kevlar.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.
Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.
The true airspeed (TAS; also KTAS, for knots true airspeed) of an aircraft is the speed of the aircraft relative to the airmass in which it is flying.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
The turning radius or turning circle of a vehicle is the radius (or, depending on usage, diameter) of the smallest circular turn (i.e. U-turn) that the vehicle is capable of making.
Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) is the flying of lightweight, 1- or 2-seat fixed-wing aircraft.
A variable-sweep wing, colloquially known as a "swing wing", is an airplane wing, or set of wings, that may be swept back and then returned to its original position during flight.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
Wills Wing, Inc. (legally Sport Kites, Inc) is an American aircraft manufacturer based in Orange, California and previously located in Santa Ana, California.
The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes or airplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.