Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Winter Line

Index Winter Line

The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring. [1]

29 relations: Adriatic Sea, Albert Kesselring, Allies of World War II, Apennine Mountains, Axis powers, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Monte Cassino, Battle of Ortona, Bernhardt Line, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, Cassino, European theatre of World War II, Fortification, Garigliano, Hitler Line, Italian Social Republic, Italy, Liri, Mignano Gap, Military, Monte Cassino, Organisation Todt, Ortona, Rome, Sangro, Tyrrhenian Sea, United States Army Center of Military History, Wehrmacht, World War II.

Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.

New!!: Winter Line and Adriatic Sea · See more »

Albert Kesselring

Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.

New!!: Winter Line and Albert Kesselring · See more »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

New!!: Winter Line and Allies of World War II · See more »

Apennine Mountains

The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.

New!!: Winter Line and Apennine Mountains · See more »

Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

New!!: Winter Line and Axis powers · See more »

Battle of Anzio

The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).

New!!: Winter Line and Battle of Anzio · See more »

Battle of Monte Cassino

The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: Winter Line and Battle of Monte Cassino · See more »

Battle of Ortona

The Battle of Ortona (20–28 December 1943) was a battle fought between two battalions of elite German Fallschirmjäger (paratroops) from the German 1st Parachute Division under Generalleutnant Richard Heidrich, and assaulting Canadian troops from the Canadian 1st Infantry Division under Major General Chris Vokes, most of whom were fresh recruits whose first taste of combat was during the Invasion of Sicily.

New!!: Winter Line and Battle of Ortona · See more »

Bernhardt Line

The Bernhardt Line (or Reinhard Line) was a German defensive line in Italy during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: Winter Line and Bernhardt Line · See more »

Brazilian Expeditionary Force

The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Força Expedicionária Brasileira; FEB) consisted of about 25,700 men arranged by the army and air force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.

New!!: Winter Line and Brazilian Expeditionary Force · See more »


Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, central Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio, the last City of the Latin Valley.

New!!: Winter Line and Cassino · See more »

European theatre of World War II

The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).

New!!: Winter Line and European theatre of World War II · See more »


A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.

New!!: Winter Line and Fortification · See more »


The Garigliano is a river in central Italy.

New!!: Winter Line and Garigliano · See more »

Hitler Line

The Hitler Line was a German defensive line in central Italy during the Second World War.

New!!: Winter Line and Hitler Line · See more »

Italian Social Republic

The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana,; RSI), informally known as the Republic of Salò (Repubblica di Salò), was a German puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the later part of World War II, existing from the beginning of German occupation of Italy in September 1943 until the surrender of German troops in Italy in May 1945.

New!!: Winter Line and Italian Social Republic · See more »


Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Winter Line and Italy · See more »


The Liri (Latin Liris or Lyris, previously, Clanis; Greek: Λεῖρις) is one of the principal rivers of central Italy, flowing into the Tyrrhenian Sea a little below Minturno under the name Garigliano.

New!!: Winter Line and Liri · See more »

Mignano Gap

The Mignano Gap is a geographic feature in Italy, in the vicinity of Mignano Monte Lungo.

New!!: Winter Line and Mignano Gap · See more »


A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

New!!: Winter Line and Military · See more »

Monte Cassino

Monte Cassino (sometimes written Montecassino) is a rocky hill about southeast of Rome, in the Latin Valley, Italy, to the west of the town of Cassino and altitude.

New!!: Winter Line and Monte Cassino · See more »

Organisation Todt

The Todt Organisation (Organisation Todt, OT) was a civil and military engineering group in the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, named after its founder, Fritz Todt, an engineer and senior Nazi figure.

New!!: Winter Line and Organisation Todt · See more »


Ortona (Abruzzese: Urtónë; Órtōn) is a coastal town and municipality of the Province of Chieti in the Italian region of Abruzzo, with some 23,000 inhabitants.

New!!: Winter Line and Ortona · See more »


Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

New!!: Winter Line and Rome · See more »


The Sangro is a river in eastern central Italy, known in ancient times as Sagrus from the Greek Sagros or Isagros, Ισαγρος.

New!!: Winter Line and Sangro · See more »

Tyrrhenian Sea

The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno, Mer Tyrrhénienne, Mare Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.

New!!: Winter Line and Tyrrhenian Sea · See more »

United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

New!!: Winter Line and United States Army Center of Military History · See more »


The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".

New!!: Winter Line and Wehrmacht · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Winter Line and World War II · See more »

Redirects here:

Gustav Line, Gustav line.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_Line

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »