Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Winter War

+ Save concept

The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland. [1]

363 relations: Active duty, Adolf Hitler, Aimo Cajander, Air supremacy, Airlift, Alexandra Kollontai, Alko, Allies of World War II, Andrei Zhdanov, Anglo-French Supreme War Council, Anti-communism, Anti-tank warfare, Arctic, Arctic Ocean, Armistice, Army of the Isthmus, Artillery, Aunus expedition, Autonomous administrative division, Åland Islands, Édouard Daladier, Baltic Fleet, Baltic Sea, Baltic states, Barents Sea, Barrage (artillery), Battalion, Battle of Kollaa, Battle of Petsamo (1939), Battle of Raate Road, Battle of Salla (1939), Battle of Summa, Battle of Suomussalmi, Battle of Taipale, Battle of Tolvajärvi, Battles of Khalkhin Gol, Battleship, Bergen, Beryozovye Islands, Blitzkrieg, Bofors 40 mm gun, Bolsheviks, Bolshoy Tyuters, Bombardment, Border guard, Boris Rybkin, Boris Shaposhnikov, Brigade, BT tank, Buffer state, ..., Burnaya River, Business cycle, Cajander III Cabinet, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Casus belli, Caucasus, Ceasefire, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Central Europe, Chamberlain war ministry, Chief of staff, Christopher Lee, Coastal defence ship, Combustibility and flammability, Communist Party of Finland, Continuation War, Counter-battery fire, Courage, Covenant of the League of Nations, Creative Commons license, Cross-country skiing, Dan Reiter, Declaration of war, Defeat in detail, Defence Command (Finland), Defence in depth, Destroyer, Dirt road, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Division (military), Dmitry Pavlov (general), Dugout (shelter), East Karelia, East Karelian uprising and Soviet–Finnish conflict of 1921–22, Economy of force, Estonia, Evacuation of Finnish Karelia, False flag, Falsifiers of History, Fascism, Fighter aircraft, Finland, Finnic peoples, Finnish Air Force, Finnish Americans, Finnish Civil War, Finnish Declaration of Independence, Finnish Defence Forces, Finnish Democratic Republic, Finnish II Corps (Winter War), Finnish III Corps (Winter War), Finnish IV Corps (Winter War), Finnish Navy, Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic, Finnish–Estonian defence cooperation, Finns, Fire support, Foreign support of Finland in the Winter War, Franco-British plans for intervention in the Winter War, Frostbite, Fuse (explosives), Georgy Zhukov, German occupation of Norway, Glasnost, Gloster Gladiator, Gogland, Government of Sweden, Grand Duchy of Finland, Greater Finland, Grigori F. Krivosheev, Grigori Shtern, Grigory Kravchenko, Grigory Kulik, Gromovo, Guerrilla warfare, Gulf of Finland, Gunboat, Gustaf V of Sweden, Hanko, Hanko Peninsula, Hannu Hannuksela, Harald Öhquist, Heavy cruiser, Hella Wuolijoki, Helsinki, Historiography, Historiography in the Soviet Union, Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Hugo Österman, Human wave attack, Hungarian volunteers in the Winter War, Icebreaker, Ilomantsi, Interim Peace, International relations (1919–1939), Invasion of Poland, Iron ore, Ivan Khabarov, Joensuu, John Langdon-Davies, Joseph Stalin, Juho Heiskanen, Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Kainuu, Karelia, Karelian Isthmus, Karelian question, Karjalan Liitto, Kemijärvi, Khaki, Khiytola, Kirill Meretskov, Kliment Voroshilov, Kuhmo, Kurt Martti Wallenius, Kyösti Kallio, Lake Ladoga, Lake Sukhodolskoye, Lake Tolvayarvi, Lake Yaglyayarvi, Landing craft, Lapland (Finland), Lapland Group, Lapua Movement, Latvia, Lauri Tiainen, Layered clothing, League of Nations, Leningrad Military District, Library of Congress, Lieksa, Liepāja, List of Finnish corps in the Winter War, List of Finnish divisions in the Winter War, List of wars involving Finland, Lithuania, Lotta Svärd, Maginot Line, Maneuver warfare, Mannerheim Line, Mantsinsaari Island, Materiel, Matti Aarnio, Max Manus, Mäntsälä rebellion, Merchant vessel, Mikkeli, Military academy, Military air base, Military base, Military exercise, Military history of Finland during World War II, Military history of the Soviet Union, Military tactics, Minelayer, Minesweeper, Mobilization, Mockup, Molotov bread basket, Molotov cocktail, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Moscow Peace Treaty, Mosin–Nagant, Motor Torpedo Boat, Murmansk, Namsos (town), Naval gunfire support, Naval mine, Nazi Germany, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikolay Kuznetsov (officer), NKVD, Nomonhan, Non-aggression pact, North Finland Group, Norway, Norwegians, Occupation of Poland (1939–1945), Ohto Manninen, Oil field, Olive (color), Operation Barbarossa, Operation Weserübung, Order of battle, Otto Wille Kuusinen, Oulu, Paavo Talvela, Paldiski, Parliament of Finland, Patriotic People's Movement (Finland), Pavel Rychagov, Pechenga (urban-type settlement), Murmansk Oblast, Pelkosenniemi, Perestroika, Petsamo Province, Phoney War, Pillbox (military), Pocket (military), Polar night, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Political commissar, Pork mutiny, Porosozero, Port, Pravda, Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast, Puppet state, Reconnaissance, Red Army, Refresher training (military), Reginald Drax, Reinforced concrete, Renault FT, Repola, Reservist, Revanchism, Ridge, Right of passage, Risto Ryti, Rovaniemi, Rudolf Holsti, Russarö, Russian Civil War, Russian Empire, Russian Revolution, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russification, Russification of Finland, Rybachy Peninsula, Ryti I Cabinet, Saint Petersburg, Salla, Saturation fire, Scandinavia, Sea lane, Semyon Timoshenko, Senate of Finland, Shelling of Mainila, Simo Häyhä, Sisu, Ski suit, Ski warfare, Social Democratic Party of Finland, Solovyovo, Priozersky District, Leningrad Oblast, Sortavala, Sovereignty, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet invasion of Poland, Soviet Navy, Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet prisoners of war in Finland, Soviet Union, Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact, Spanish Civil War, Sphere of influence, Spirit of the Winter War, Stavka, Stockholm, Strategic bombing, Submarine, Suomussalmi, Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, Sweden, Sweden and the Winter War, Swedish iron-ore mining during World War II, Swedish Volunteer Corps (Winter War), T-26, Tallinn, Timeline of the Winter War, Track (rail transport), Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Finnish), Trench warfare, Trondheim, Tupolev SB, Turkey, Turku, Ukrayinska Pravda, Ultimatum, Uniform, Väinö Tanner, Vickers 6-Ton, Viena expedition, Viipuri Province, Vladimir Putin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Vyborg, Vyborg Bay, Warship, Weapon, White Guard (Finland), Whites (Finland), Wiljo Tuompo, William R. Trotter, Windsock, Winston Churchill, Winter War in popular culture, Woldemar Hägglund, World War I, World War II, Yle, Yuri Kilin, Zelenogorsk, Saint Petersburg, 139th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 13th Army (Soviet Union), 14th Army (Soviet Union), 150th Rifle Division (Russia), 44th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 56th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 7.62×54mmR, 7th Army (Soviet Union), 8th Army (Soviet Union), 9th Army (Soviet Union). Expand index (313 more) »

Active duty

Active duty is a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty.

New!!: Winter War and Active duty · See more »

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

New!!: Winter War and Adolf Hitler · See more »

Aimo Cajander

Aimo Kaarlo Cajander (4 April 1879 in Uusikaupunki – 21 January 1943 in Helsinki) was, outside of botany, best known as Prime Minister of Finland up to the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Aimo Cajander · See more »

Air supremacy

Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.

New!!: Winter War and Air supremacy · See more »

Airlift

An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft.

New!!: Winter War and Airlift · See more »

Alexandra Kollontai

Alexandra Mikhailovna Kollontai (Алекса́ндра Миха́йловна Коллонта́й — née Domontovich, Домонто́вич; – 9 March 1952) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, first as a member of the Mensheviks, then from 1915 on as a Bolshevik.

New!!: Winter War and Alexandra Kollontai · See more »

Alko

Alko is the national alcoholic beverage retailing monopoly in Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Alko · See more »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

New!!: Winter War and Allies of World War II · See more »

Andrei Zhdanov

Andrei Alexandrovich Zhdanov (p; – 31 August 1948) was a Soviet Communist Party leader and cultural ideologist.

New!!: Winter War and Andrei Zhdanov · See more »

Anglo-French Supreme War Council

The Anglo-French Supreme War Council (SWC) was established to oversee joint military strategy at the start of the Second World War.

New!!: Winter War and Anglo-French Supreme War Council · See more »

Anti-communism

Anti-communism is opposition to communism.

New!!: Winter War and Anti-communism · See more »

Anti-tank warfare

Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.

New!!: Winter War and Anti-tank warfare · See more »

Arctic

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

New!!: Winter War and Arctic · See more »

Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.

New!!: Winter War and Arctic Ocean · See more »

Armistice

An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.

New!!: Winter War and Armistice · See more »

Army of the Isthmus

The Army of the Isthmus (Kannaksen Armeija) was a formation of the Finnish Army during the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Army of the Isthmus · See more »

Artillery

Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

New!!: Winter War and Artillery · See more »

Aunus expedition

The Aunus expedition was an attempt by Finnish volunteers to occupy parts of East Karelia in 1919, during the Russian Civil War.

New!!: Winter War and Aunus expedition · See more »

Autonomous administrative division

An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.

New!!: Winter War and Autonomous administrative division · See more »

Åland Islands

The Åland Islands or Åland (Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Åland Islands · See more »

Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier (18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French "radical" (i.e. centre-left) politician and the Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War.

New!!: Winter War and Édouard Daladier · See more »

Baltic Fleet

The Baltic Fleet (Балтийский флот) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Baltic Sea.

New!!: Winter War and Baltic Fleet · See more »

Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

New!!: Winter War and Baltic Sea · See more »

Baltic states

The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

New!!: Winter War and Baltic states · See more »

Barents Sea

The Barents Sea (Barentshavet; Баренцево море, Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters.

New!!: Winter War and Barents Sea · See more »

Barrage (artillery)

A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.

New!!: Winter War and Barrage (artillery) · See more »

Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

New!!: Winter War and Battalion · See more »

Battle of Kollaa

The Battle of Kollaa was fought from December 7, 1939, to March 13, 1940, in Ladoga's Karelia, Finland, as a part of the Soviet-Finnish Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Kollaa · See more »

Battle of Petsamo (1939)

The Battle of Petsamo was fought between Finnish and Soviet troops in the area of Petsamo in the far north of Finland in 1939 and 1940.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Petsamo (1939) · See more »

Battle of Raate Road

The Battle of Raate Road was a battle fought during the Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland in January 1940, as a part of the Battle of Suomussalmi.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Raate Road · See more »

Battle of Salla (1939)

The Battle of Salla was fought between Finnish and Soviet troops near Salla in northern Finland during the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Salla (1939) · See more »

Battle of Summa

The Battle of Summa was fought between the Soviet Union and Finland, in two phases, first in December 1939 and then in February 1940.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Summa · See more »

Battle of Suomussalmi

The Battle of Suomussalmi was a battle fought between Finnish and Soviet forces in the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Suomussalmi · See more »

Battle of Taipale

The Battle of Taipale was fought between Soviet and Finnish forces during the Winter War, 6–27 December 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Taipale · See more »

Battle of Tolvajärvi

The Battle of Tolvajärvi (Tolvajärven–Ägläjärven taistelu, Битва при Толваярви) was fought on 12 December 1939 between Finland and the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Battle of Tolvajärvi · See more »

Battles of Khalkhin Gol

The Battles of Khalkhyn Gol were the decisive engagements of the undeclared Soviet–Japanese border conflicts fought among the Soviet Union, Mongolia, Japan and Manchukuo in 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Battles of Khalkhin Gol · See more »

Battleship

A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.

New!!: Winter War and Battleship · See more »

Bergen

Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.

New!!: Winter War and Bergen · See more »

Beryozovye Islands

Beryozovye Islands (Берёзовые острова, Finnish: Koivisto, Swedish: Björkö; literally: "Birch Islands"), alternatively spelled Berezovye Islands, is an island group in Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Beryozovye Islands · See more »

Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.

New!!: Winter War and Blitzkrieg · See more »

Bofors 40 mm gun

--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.

New!!: Winter War and Bofors 40 mm gun · See more »

Bolsheviks

The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

New!!: Winter War and Bolsheviks · See more »

Bolshoy Tyuters

Bolshoi Tyuters (Большой Тютерс; Tytärsaari; Suur Tütarsaar; Tyterskär) is an island in the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea, located away from the coast of Finland, to the south-east from Hogland.

New!!: Winter War and Bolshoy Tyuters · See more »

Bombardment

A bombardment is an attack by artillery fire or by dropping bombs from aircraft on fortifications, combatants, or towns and buildings.

New!!: Winter War and Bombardment · See more »

Border guard

A border guard of a country is a national security agency that performs border control, i.e., enforces the security of the country's national borders.

New!!: Winter War and Border guard · See more »

Boris Rybkin

Boris Arkadyevich Rybkin (Борис Аркадьевич Рыбкин)born Boruch Aronovich Rivkin Борух Аронович Рывкин; 19 June 189927 November 1947) was a Soviet diplomat and a secret agent of NKVD. He worked as a junior diplomatic official named Boris Yartsev in the embassy of the Soviet Union in Helsinki.

New!!: Winter War and Boris Rybkin · See more »

Boris Shaposhnikov

Boris Mikhailovitch Shaposhnikov (Бори́с Миха́йлович Ша́пошников) (– March 26, 1945) was a Soviet military commander, Chief of the Staff of the Red Army, and Marshal of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Boris Shaposhnikov · See more »

Brigade

A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.

New!!: Winter War and Brigade · See more »

BT tank

The BT tanks (translit, lit. "fast moving tank" or "high-speed tank") were a series of Soviet light tanks produced in large numbers between 1932 and 1941.

New!!: Winter War and BT tank · See more »

Buffer state

A buffer state is a country lying between two rival or potentially hostile greater powers.

New!!: Winter War and Buffer state · See more »

Burnaya River

The Burnaya is a young rapid river in Priozersky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, on the Karelian Isthmus, which emerged in 1818.

New!!: Winter War and Burnaya River · See more »

Business cycle

The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend.

New!!: Winter War and Business cycle · See more »

Cajander III Cabinet

Aimo Cajander's third cabinet was the 22nd government of Republic of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Cajander III Cabinet · See more »

Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (4 June 1867 – 27 January 1951) was a Finnish military leader and statesman.

New!!: Winter War and Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim · See more »

Casus belli

Casus belli is a Latin expression meaning "an act or event that provokes or is used to justify war" (literally, "a case of war").

New!!: Winter War and Casus belli · See more »

Caucasus

The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

New!!: Winter War and Caucasus · See more »

Ceasefire

A ceasefire (or truce), also called cease fire, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.

New!!: Winter War and Ceasefire · See more »

Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was de jure the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) between Party Congresses.

New!!: Winter War and Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union · See more »

Central Europe

Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Central Europe · See more »

Chamberlain war ministry

Neville Chamberlain formed the Chamberlain war ministry in 1939 after declaring war on Germany.

New!!: Winter War and Chamberlain war ministry · See more »

Chief of staff

The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.

New!!: Winter War and Chief of staff · See more »

Christopher Lee

Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee (27 May 1922 – 7 June 2015) was an English character actor, singer, and author.

New!!: Winter War and Christopher Lee · See more »

Coastal defence ship

Coastal defence ships (sometimes called coastal battleships or coast defence ships) were warships built for the purpose of coastal defence, mostly during the period from 1860 to 1920.

New!!: Winter War and Coastal defence ship · See more »

Combustibility and flammability

Flammable materials are those that ignite more easily than other materials, whereas those that are harder to ignite or burn less vigorously are combustible.

New!!: Winter War and Combustibility and flammability · See more »

Communist Party of Finland

The Communist Party of Finland (Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue; Finlands Kommunistiska Parti; abbreviated SKP) was a communist political party in Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Communist Party of Finland · See more »

Continuation War

The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, as co-belligerents, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Continuation War · See more »

Counter-battery fire

Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, rocket launchers, artillery and mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.

New!!: Winter War and Counter-battery fire · See more »

Courage

Courage (also called bravery or valour) is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.

New!!: Winter War and Courage · See more »

Covenant of the League of Nations

The Covenant of the League of Nations was the charter of the League of Nations.

New!!: Winter War and Covenant of the League of Nations · See more »

Creative Commons license

A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.

New!!: Winter War and Creative Commons license · See more »

Cross-country skiing

Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance.

New!!: Winter War and Cross-country skiing · See more »

Dan Reiter

Dan Reiter (born September 29, 1967, Ann Arbor, Michigan) is an American political scientist.

New!!: Winter War and Dan Reiter · See more »

Declaration of war

A declaration of war is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another.

New!!: Winter War and Declaration of war · See more »

Defeat in detail

Defeat in detail, or divide and conquer, is a military tactic of bringing a large portion of one's own force to bear on small enemy units in sequence, rather than engaging the bulk of the enemy force all at once.

New!!: Winter War and Defeat in detail · See more »

Defence Command (Finland)

Defence Command (Pääesikunta, Huvudstaben), organized as Headquarters (Päämaja, Huvudkvarter) during wartime, is the joint command headquarters of the Finnish Defence Forces and a central government agency.

New!!: Winter War and Defence Command (Finland) · See more »

Defence in depth

Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.

New!!: Winter War and Defence in depth · See more »

Destroyer

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

New!!: Winter War and Destroyer · See more »

Dirt road

A dirt road or track is a type of unpaved road made from the native material of the land surface through which it passes, known to highway engineers as subgrade material.

New!!: Winter War and Dirt road · See more »

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Dissolution of the Soviet Union · See more »

Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

New!!: Winter War and Division (military) · See more »

Dmitry Pavlov (general)

Dmitry Grigoryevich Pavlov (Дми́трий Григо́рьевич Па́влов; October 23, 1897July 22, 1941) was a Soviet general who commanded the key Soviet Western Front during the initial stage of the German invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation ''Barbarossa'') in June 1941.

New!!: Winter War and Dmitry Pavlov (general) · See more »

Dugout (shelter)

A dugout or dug-out, also known as a pit-house, earth lodge, is a shelter for humans or domesticated animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground.

New!!: Winter War and Dugout (shelter) · See more »

East Karelia

East Karelia (Itä-Karjala, Karelian: Idä-Karjala), also rendered as Eastern Karelia or Russian Karelia, is a name for the part of Karelia that since the Treaty of Stolbova in 1617 has remained Eastern Orthodox under Russian supremacy.

New!!: Winter War and East Karelia · See more »

East Karelian uprising and Soviet–Finnish conflict of 1921–22

The East Karelian Uprising (Finnish: itäkarjalaisten kansannousu) and the Soviet–Finnish conflict 1921–1922 were an attempt by a group of East Karelian separatists to gain independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

New!!: Winter War and East Karelian uprising and Soviet–Finnish conflict of 1921–22 · See more »

Economy of force

Economy of force is one of the nine Principles of War, based upon Carl von Clausewitz's approach to warfare.

New!!: Winter War and Economy of force · See more »

Estonia

Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Estonia · See more »

Evacuation of Finnish Karelia

As a result of the 1940 Moscow Peace Treaty that concluded the Winter War, Finland ceded the area of Finnish Karelia and other territories to the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Evacuation of Finnish Karelia · See more »

False flag

A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.

New!!: Winter War and False flag · See more »

Falsifiers of History

Falsifiers of History was a book published by the Soviet Information Bureau, edited and partially re-written by Joseph Stalin, in response to documents made public in January 1948 regarding German–Soviet relations before and after the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

New!!: Winter War and Falsifiers of History · See more »

Fascism

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Fascism · See more »

Fighter aircraft

A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

New!!: Winter War and Fighter aircraft · See more »

Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

New!!: Winter War and Finland · See more »

Finnic peoples

The Finnic peoples or Baltic Finns consist of the peoples inhabiting the region around the Baltic Sea in Northeastern Europe who speak Finnic languages, including the Finns proper, Estonians (including Võros and Setos), Karelians (including Ludes and Olonets), Veps, Izhorians, Votes, and Livonians as well as their descendants worldwide.

New!!: Winter War and Finnic peoples · See more »

Finnish Air Force

The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Air Force · See more »

Finnish Americans

Finnish Americans (Finnish: Amerikansuomalaiset) comprise Americans with ancestral roots from Finland or Finnish people who emigrated to and reside in the United States.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Americans · See more »

Finnish Civil War

The Finnish Civil War was a conflict for the leadership and control of Finland during the country's transition from a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire to an independent state.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Civil War · See more »

Finnish Declaration of Independence

The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Declaration of Independence · See more »

Finnish Defence Forces

The Finnish Defence Forces (Puolustusvoimat, Försvarsmakten) are responsible for the defence of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Defence Forces · See more »

Finnish Democratic Republic

The Finnish Democratic Republic (Suomen kansanvaltainen tasavalta, also Suomen kansantasavalta, Demokratiska Republiken Finland, Russian: Финляндская Демократическая Республика) was a short-lived puppet government created and recognised only by the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Democratic Republic · See more »

Finnish II Corps (Winter War)

The II Corps was a unit of the Finnish Army during the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish II Corps (Winter War) · See more »

Finnish III Corps (Winter War)

The III Corps was a unit of the Finnish Army during the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish III Corps (Winter War) · See more »

Finnish IV Corps (Winter War)

The IV Corps was a formation of the Finnish Army during the Winter War against the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish IV Corps (Winter War) · See more »

Finnish Navy

The Finnish Navy (Merivoimat, Marinen) is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Navy · See more »

Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

There were two waves of the Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union during World War II: POWs during the Winter War and the Continuation War.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union · See more »

Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic

The Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic, more commonly referred to as Red Finland, was a theoretical precursor of an unrecognized Finnish socialist state.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic · See more »

Finnish–Estonian defence cooperation

Finnish–Estonian defence cooperation began in 1930 with a secret military pact between Finland and Estonia against the threat of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Finnish–Estonian defence cooperation · See more »

Finns

Finns or Finnish people (suomalaiset) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Finns · See more »

Fire support

Fire support is defined by the United States Department of Defense as "Fires that directly support land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations forces to engage enemy forces, combat formations, and facilities in pursuit of tactical and operational objectives." Typically, fire support is provided by artillery or close air support (usually directed by a forward observer), and is used to shape the battlefield or, more optimistically, define the battle.

New!!: Winter War and Fire support · See more »

Foreign support of Finland in the Winter War

The foreign support in the Winter War contained material, men and moral support to the Finnish struggle against the Soviet Union in the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Foreign support of Finland in the Winter War · See more »

Franco-British plans for intervention in the Winter War

During the early stages of World War II, the British and French Allies made a series of proposals to send troops to assist Finland in the Winter War against the Soviet Union which started on 30 November 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Franco-British plans for intervention in the Winter War · See more »

Frostbite

Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues.

New!!: Winter War and Frostbite · See more »

Fuse (explosives)

In an explosive, pyrotechnic device, or military munition, a fuse (or fuze) is the part of the device that initiates function.

New!!: Winter War and Fuse (explosives) · See more »

Georgy Zhukov

Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.

New!!: Winter War and Georgy Zhukov · See more »

German occupation of Norway

The German occupation of Norway began on 9 April 1940 after German forces invaded the neutral Scandinavian country of Norway.

New!!: Winter War and German occupation of Norway · See more »

Glasnost

In the Russian language the word glasnost (гла́сность) has several general and specific meanings.

New!!: Winter War and Glasnost · See more »

Gloster Gladiator

The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter.

New!!: Winter War and Gloster Gladiator · See more »

Gogland

Gogland or Hogland (Гогланд; Suursaari; Hogland, Suursaar, Hochland) is an island in the Gulf of Finland in the eastern Baltic Sea, about 180 km west from Saint Petersburg and 35 km from the coast of Finland (near Kotka).

New!!: Winter War and Gogland · See more »

Government of Sweden

The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden (Konungariket Sveriges regering) is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority in Sweden.

New!!: Winter War and Government of Sweden · See more »

Grand Duchy of Finland

The Grand Duchy of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta, Storfurstendömet Finland, Великое княжество Финляндское,; literally Grand Principality of Finland) was the predecessor state of modern Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Grand Duchy of Finland · See more »

Greater Finland

Greater Finland (Suur-Suomi; Suur-Soome; Storfinland) is an irredentist and nationalist idea that emphasized territorial expansion of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Greater Finland · See more »

Grigori F. Krivosheev

Grigoriy Fedotovich Krivosheyev (Григорий Федотович Кривошеев, born in 1929) is a Russian military historian and a retired Colonel General of the Russian military.

New!!: Winter War and Grigori F. Krivosheev · See more »

Grigori Shtern

Grigori Mihailovich Shtern (Григорий Михайлович Штерн, 24 July (6 August) 1900 – 28 October 1941) was a Soviet officer in the Red Army and military advisor during the Spanish Civil War.

New!!: Winter War and Grigori Shtern · See more »

Grigory Kravchenko

Grigory Panteleyevich Kravchenko (Григо́рий Пантеле́евич Кра́вченко) (1912-1943) was a lieutenant general of the Soviet Air Force and ace during the Great Patriotic War, twice Hero of the Soviet Union and recipient of several other awards.

New!!: Winter War and Grigory Kravchenko · See more »

Grigory Kulik

Grigory Ivanovich Kulik (Григо́рий Ива́нович Кули́к) (9 November 1890 – 24 August 1950) was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Grigory Kulik · See more »

Gromovo

Gromovo (Гро́мово; Sakkola) is a settlement in Priozersky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 18 km northwest of Sosnovo, and a station of the Saint Petersburg-Kuznechnoye railway.

New!!: Winter War and Gromovo · See more »

Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

New!!: Winter War and Guerrilla warfare · See more »

Gulf of Finland

The Gulf of Finland (Suomenlahti; Soome laht; p; Finska viken) is the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea.

New!!: Winter War and Gulf of Finland · See more »

Gunboat

A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.

New!!: Winter War and Gunboat · See more »

Gustaf V of Sweden

Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf 16 June 1858 – 29 October 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death in 1950.

New!!: Winter War and Gustaf V of Sweden · See more »

Hanko

Hanko (Hangö) is a bilingual port town and municipality on the south coast of Finland, west of Helsinki.

New!!: Winter War and Hanko · See more »

Hanko Peninsula

The Hanko Peninsula (Finnish: Hankoniemi, Swedish: Hangö udd), also spelled Hango, is the southernmost point of mainland Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Hanko Peninsula · See more »

Hannu Hannuksela

Hannu Esa Hannuksela (12 December 1893 – 12 May 1942) was a Finnish Major General during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Hannu Hannuksela · See more »

Harald Öhquist

Harald Öhquist (1 March 1891, Helsinki – 10 February 1971) was a Finnish Lieutenant General during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Harald Öhquist · See more »

Heavy cruiser

The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) of whose design parameters were dictated by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

New!!: Winter War and Heavy cruiser · See more »

Hella Wuolijoki

Hella Wuolijoki (née Ella Marie Murrik; 22 July 1886 – 2 February 1954), known by the pen name Juhani Tervapää, was an Estonian-born Finnish writer known for her Niskavuori series.

New!!: Winter War and Hella Wuolijoki · See more »

Helsinki

Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Helsinki · See more »

Historiography

Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.

New!!: Winter War and Historiography · See more »

Historiography in the Soviet Union

Soviet historiography is the methodology of history studies by historians in the Soviet Union (USSR).

New!!: Winter War and Historiography in the Soviet Union · See more »

Hjalmar Siilasvuo

Hjalmar Fridolf Siilasvuo (birthname: Hjalmar Fridolf Strömberg, 18 March 1892, Helsinki – 11 January 1947) was a Finnish lieutenant general who led troops in the Winter War, Continuation War and Lapland War.

New!!: Winter War and Hjalmar Siilasvuo · See more »

Hugo Österman

Hugo Viktor Österman (5 September 1892, Helsinki – 17 February 1975) was a Finnish Lieutenant-General during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Hugo Österman · See more »

Human wave attack

The human wave attack, also known as the human sea attack, is an offensive infantry tactic in which an attacker conducts an unprotected frontal assault with densely concentrated infantry formations against the enemy line, intended to overrun the defenders by engaging in melee combat.

New!!: Winter War and Human wave attack · See more »

Hungarian volunteers in the Winter War

The Hungarian Volunteers in the Winter War travelled to fight for the Finns after the Soviet invasion of Finland in 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Hungarian volunteers in the Winter War · See more »

Icebreaker

An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters, and provide safe waterways for other boats and ships.

New!!: Winter War and Icebreaker · See more »

Ilomantsi

Ilomantsi (Ilomants) is municipality and a village of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Ilomantsi · See more »

Interim Peace

The Interim Peace (Välirauha, Mellanfreden) was a short period in the history of Finland during the Second World War.

New!!: Winter War and Interim Peace · See more »

International relations (1919–1939)

International relations (1919–1939) covers the main interactions shaping world history in this era, with emphasis on diplomacy and economic relations.

New!!: Winter War and International relations (1919–1939) · See more »

Invasion of Poland

The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Invasion of Poland · See more »

Iron ore

Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.

New!!: Winter War and Iron ore · See more »

Ivan Khabarov

Ivan Nikitich Khabarov (Иван Никитич Хабаров 12 November 1888, in Ryazan Oblast – 1960) was a Soviet Army Commander during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Ivan Khabarov · See more »

Joensuu

Joensuu is a city and municipality in North Karelia in the province of Eastern Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Joensuu · See more »

John Langdon-Davies

John Eric Langdon-Davies (18 March 1897 – 5 December 1971) was a British author and journalist.

New!!: Winter War and John Langdon-Davies · See more »

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

New!!: Winter War and Joseph Stalin · See more »

Juho Heiskanen

Juho Henrik Heiskanen (18 December 1889 Pielisensuu – 11 December 1950) was a Finnish major general during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Juho Heiskanen · See more »

Juho Kusti Paasikivi

Juho Kusti Paasikivi (27 November 1870 – 14 December 1956) was the seventh President of Finland (1946–1956).

New!!: Winter War and Juho Kusti Paasikivi · See more »

Kainuu

Kainuu (Kajanaland) is one of the 19 regions of Finland (maakunta / landskap).

New!!: Winter War and Kainuu · See more »

Karelia

Karelia (Karelian, Finnish and Estonian: Karjala; Карелия, Kareliya; Karelen), the land of the Karelian peoples, is an area in Northern Europe of historical significance for Finland, Russia, and Sweden.

New!!: Winter War and Karelia · See more »

Karelian Isthmus

The Karelian Isthmus (Karelsky peresheyek; Karjalankannas; Karelska näset) is the approximately 45–110 km wide stretch of land, situated between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga in northwestern Russia, to the north of the River Neva (between 61°21’N, 59°46’N and 27°42’E, 31°08’E).

New!!: Winter War and Karelian Isthmus · See more »

Karelian question

The Karelian question or Karelian issue (Karjala-kysymys) is a dispute in Finnish politics over whether or not to try to regain control over Finnish Karelia and other territories ceded to the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuation War.

New!!: Winter War and Karelian question · See more »

Karjalan Liitto

Karjalan Liitto (in English: Karelian Association) is an interest group for Karelian evacuees.

New!!: Winter War and Karjalan Liitto · See more »

Kemijärvi

Kemijärvi (Kemijävri, Giemajávri) is a municipality of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Kemijärvi · See more »

Khaki

Khaki (Canada and) is a color, a light shade of yellow-brown.

New!!: Winter War and Khaki · See more »

Khiytola

Khiytola (Хийтола; Hiitola) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Lakhdenpokhsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Khiytola · See more »

Kirill Meretskov

Kirill Afanasievich Meretskov (Кири́лл Афана́сьевич Мерецко́в; June 7, 1897 – December 30, 1968) was a Soviet military commander.

New!!: Winter War and Kirill Meretskov · See more »

Kliment Voroshilov

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Kliment Jefremovič Vorošilov; Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Okhrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881 – 2 December 1969), was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era.

New!!: Winter War and Kliment Voroshilov · See more »

Kuhmo

Kuhmo is a town and a municipality in Finland and is located at the south-eastern corner of the Kainuu region.

New!!: Winter War and Kuhmo · See more »

Kurt Martti Wallenius

Kurt Martti Wallenius (July 25, 1893 in Kuopio – May 3, 1984 in Helsinki) was a Finnish Major General.

New!!: Winter War and Kurt Martti Wallenius · See more »

Kyösti Kallio

Kyösti Kallio (10 April 1873 – 19 December 1940) was the fourth President of Finland (1937–1940).

New!!: Winter War and Kyösti Kallio · See more »

Lake Ladoga

Lake Ladoga (p or p; Laatokka;; Ladog, Ladoganjärv) is a freshwater lake located in the Republic of Karelia and Leningrad Oblast in northwestern Russia, in the vicinity of Saint Petersburg.

New!!: Winter War and Lake Ladoga · See more »

Lake Sukhodolskoye

Lake Sukhodolskoye (Суходольское озеро; Suvanto) is a narrow 40 km long lake on the Karelian Isthmus located in Priozersky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Lake Sukhodolskoye · See more »

Lake Tolvayarvi

Lake Tolvajärvi (Толваярви; Tolvajärvi) is a group of lakes in the Republic of Karelia, in the Ladoga Karelia.

New!!: Winter War and Lake Tolvayarvi · See more »

Lake Yaglyayarvi

Lake Yaglyayarvi (Ягляярви; Ägläjärvi) is a multibranching lake in the Republic of Karelia, in the Ladoga Karelia.

New!!: Winter War and Lake Yaglyayarvi · See more »

Landing craft

Landing craft are small and medium seagoing vessels such as boats, and barges, used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault.

New!!: Winter War and Landing craft · See more »

Lapland (Finland)

Lapland (Lappi; Sápmi; Lappland) is the largest and northernmost region of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Lapland (Finland) · See more »

Lapland Group

The Lapland Group (Lapin Ryhmä) was a formation of the Finnish Army during the Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Lapland Group · See more »

Lapua Movement

The Lapua Movement (Lapuan liike, Lapporörelsen) was a Finnish radical nationalist and anti-communist political movement founded in and named after the town of Lapua.

New!!: Winter War and Lapua Movement · See more »

Latvia

Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Latvia · See more »

Lauri Tiainen

Lauri Taavetti Tiainen (18 September 1891 – 1958) was a Finnish Colonel during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Lauri Tiainen · See more »

Layered clothing

Layered clothing is a term describing a way of dressing using many garments that are worn on top of each other.

New!!: Winter War and Layered clothing · See more »

League of Nations

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

New!!: Winter War and League of Nations · See more »

Leningrad Military District

The Leningrad Military District was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

New!!: Winter War and Leningrad Military District · See more »

Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

New!!: Winter War and Library of Congress · See more »

Lieksa

Lieksa is a town and municipality of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Lieksa · See more »

Liepāja

Liepāja (pronounced) (Libau; see other names) is a city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea.

New!!: Winter War and Liepāja · See more »

List of Finnish corps in the Winter War

List of military corps – List of Finnish corps in the Winter War This is a list of Finnish corps that existed during the Winter War, 1939–1940.

New!!: Winter War and List of Finnish corps in the Winter War · See more »

List of Finnish divisions in the Winter War

List of military divisions – List of Finnish divisions in the Winter War This is a list of Finnish divisions that existed during the Winter War, 1939–1940.

New!!: Winter War and List of Finnish divisions in the Winter War · See more »

List of wars involving Finland

This list only includes conflicts where Finnish forces took part in actual combat.

New!!: Winter War and List of wars involving Finland · See more »

Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Lithuania · See more »

Lotta Svärd

Lotta Svärd was a Finnish voluntary auxiliary paramilitary organisation for women.

New!!: Winter War and Lotta Svärd · See more »

Maginot Line

The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.

New!!: Winter War and Maginot Line · See more »

Maneuver warfare

Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.

New!!: Winter War and Maneuver warfare · See more »

Mannerheim Line

The Mannerheim Line (Mannerheim-linja, Mannerheimlinjen) was a defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Mannerheim Line · See more »

Mantsinsaari Island

Mantsinsaari Island (also Mantsi, Остров Мантсинсаари, Mantsinsaari) is an island on the North-East of Lake Ladoga in the Salmi settlement in the Pitkyaranta municipality in the Republic of Karelia.

New!!: Winter War and Mantsinsaari Island · See more »

Materiel

Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.

New!!: Winter War and Materiel · See more »

Matti Aarnio

Matti Armas Aarnio, known as Motti-Matti (24 February 1901, Kouvola – 16 December 1984) was a Finnish military officer and a specialist in motti battles during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Matti Aarnio · See more »

Max Manus

Maximo Guillermo "Max" Manus DSO, MC & Bar (9 December 1914 – 20 September 1996) was a Norwegian resistance fighter during World War II, specialising in sabotage in occupied Norway.

New!!: Winter War and Max Manus · See more »

Mäntsälä rebellion

The Mäntsälä rebellion (Mäntsälän kapina) was a failed coup attempt by the Lapua Movement to overthrow the Finnish government.

New!!: Winter War and Mäntsälä rebellion · See more »

Merchant vessel

A merchant vessel, trading vessel or merchantman is a boat or ship that transports cargo or carries passengers for hire.

New!!: Winter War and Merchant vessel · See more »

Mikkeli

Mikkeli (S:t Michel official writing, short for Sankt Michel) is a town and municipality in Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Mikkeli · See more »

Military academy

A military academy or service academy (in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps.

New!!: Winter War and Military academy · See more »

Military air base

A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.

New!!: Winter War and Military air base · See more »

Military base

A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations.

New!!: Winter War and Military base · See more »

Military exercise

A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat.

New!!: Winter War and Military exercise · See more »

Military history of Finland during World War II

Finland participated in the Second World War, twice battling the Soviet Union, and then against Nazi Germany.

New!!: Winter War and Military history of Finland during World War II · See more »

Military history of the Soviet Union

The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power.

New!!: Winter War and Military history of the Soviet Union · See more »

Military tactics

Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.

New!!: Winter War and Military tactics · See more »

Minelayer

Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines.

New!!: Winter War and Minelayer · See more »

Minesweeper

A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.

New!!: Winter War and Minesweeper · See more »

Mobilization

Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.

New!!: Winter War and Mobilization · See more »

Mockup

In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.

New!!: Winter War and Mockup · See more »

Molotov bread basket

The RRAB-3 ("rotationally dispersing aviation bomb"), nicknamed the Molotov bread basket, was a Soviet-made droppable bomb dispenser that combined a large high-explosive charge with a cluster of incendiary bombs.

New!!: Winter War and Molotov bread basket · See more »

Molotov cocktail

A Molotov cocktail, also known as a petrol bomb, bottle bomb, poor man's grenade, Molotovin koktaili (Finnish), polttopullo (Finnish), fire bomb (not to be confused with an actual fire bomb) or just Molotov, commonly shortened as Molly, is a generic name used for a variety of bottle-based improvised incendiary weapons.

New!!: Winter War and Molotov cocktail · See more »

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.

New!!: Winter War and Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact · See more »

Moscow Peace Treaty

The Moscow Peace Treaty was signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on 12 March 1940, and the ratifications were exchanged on 21 March.

New!!: Winter War and Moscow Peace Treaty · See more »

Mosin–Nagant

The 3-line rifle M1891 (трёхлинейная винтовка образца 1891 года, tryokhlineynaya vintovka obraztsa 1891 goda), colloquially known as Mosin–Nagant (винтовка Мосина, ISO 9) is a five-shot, bolt-action, internal magazine–fed, military rifle developed from 1882 to 1891, and used by the armed forces of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and various other nations.

New!!: Winter War and Mosin–Nagant · See more »

Motor Torpedo Boat

Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy.

New!!: Winter War and Motor Torpedo Boat · See more »

Murmansk

Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Murmansk · See more »

Namsos (town)

Namsos is a town and the administrative center of Namsos municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.

New!!: Winter War and Namsos (town) · See more »

Naval gunfire support

Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.

New!!: Winter War and Naval gunfire support · See more »

Naval mine

A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.

New!!: Winter War and Naval mine · See more »

Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

New!!: Winter War and Nazi Germany · See more »

Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.

New!!: Winter War and Nikita Khrushchev · See more »

Nikolay Kuznetsov (officer)

Nikolay Gerasimovich Kuznetsov (Никола́й Гера́симович Кузнецо́в; July 24, 1904 – December 6, 1974) was a Soviet naval officer who achieved the rank of Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union and served as People's Commissar of the Navy during The Second World War.

New!!: Winter War and Nikolay Kuznetsov (officer) · See more »

NKVD

The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and NKVD · See more »

Nomonhan

Nomonhan is a small village in Mongolia, near the border between Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China, south of the city of Manzhouli.

New!!: Winter War and Nomonhan · See more »

Non-aggression pact

A non-aggression pact or neutrality pact is a national treaty between two or more states/countries where the signatories promise not to engage in military action against each other.

New!!: Winter War and Non-aggression pact · See more »

North Finland Group

The North Finland Group (Pohjois-Suomen Ryhmä) was a formation of the Finnish Army during the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and North Finland Group · See more »

Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

New!!: Winter War and Norway · See more »

Norwegians

Norwegians (nordmenn) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Norway.

New!!: Winter War and Norwegians · See more »

Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

The occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during the Second World War (1939–1945) began with the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, and it was formally concluded with the defeat of Germany by the Allies in May 1945.

New!!: Winter War and Occupation of Poland (1939–1945) · See more »

Ohto Manninen

Ohto Heikki Sulevi Manninen (24 March 1943 in Helsinki), is a Finnish historian, PhD 1977.

New!!: Winter War and Ohto Manninen · See more »

Oil field

An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.

New!!: Winter War and Oil field · See more »

Olive (color)

Olive is a dark yellowish-green color, like that of unripe or green olives.

New!!: Winter War and Olive (color) · See more »

Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Operation Barbarossa · See more »

Operation Weserübung

Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign.

New!!: Winter War and Operation Weserübung · See more »

Order of battle

In modern use, the order of battle of an armed force participating in a military operation or campaign shows the hierarchical organization, command structure, strength, disposition of personnel, and equipment of units and formations of the armed force.

New!!: Winter War and Order of battle · See more »

Otto Wille Kuusinen

Otto Wilhelm (Wille) Kuusinen (О́тто Вильге́льмович Ку́усинен, Otto Vilgelmovich Kuusinen) (4 October 1881 – 17 May 1964) was a Finnish and, later, Soviet politician, literary historian, and poet who, after the defeat of the Reds in the Finnish Civil War, fled to the Soviet Union, where he worked until his death.

New!!: Winter War and Otto Wille Kuusinen · See more »

Oulu

Oulu (Uleåborg) is a city and municipality of inhabitants in the region of Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Oulu · See more »

Paavo Talvela

Paavo Juho Talvela (January 19, 1897 in Vantaa – September 30, 1973, Helsinki) was a Finnish soldier and a Knight of the Mannerheim Cross.

New!!: Winter War and Paavo Talvela · See more »

Paldiski

Paldiski is a town and Baltic Sea port situated on the Pakri peninsula of north-western Estonia.

New!!: Winter War and Paldiski · See more »

Parliament of Finland

The Parliament of Finland, is the unicameral supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906.

New!!: Winter War and Parliament of Finland · See more »

Patriotic People's Movement (Finland)

Patriotic People's Movement, (Isänmaallinen kansanliike, IKL, Fosterländska folkrörelsen) was a Finnish nationalist and anti-communist political party.

New!!: Winter War and Patriotic People's Movement (Finland) · See more »

Pavel Rychagov

Pavel Vasilievich Rychagov (2 January 1911 – 28 October 1941) was the Commander of the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) for a brief time from 28 August 1940 to 14 April 1941.

New!!: Winter War and Pavel Rychagov · See more »

Pechenga (urban-type settlement), Murmansk Oblast

Pechenga (Пече́нга; Finnish and Petsamo; Petsjenga; Beahcán; Peäccam) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Pechengsky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Pechenga (urban-type settlement), Murmansk Oblast · See more »

Pelkosenniemi

Pelkosenniemi (Pelkosnjargâ) is a municipality of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Pelkosenniemi · See more »

Perestroika

Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.

New!!: Winter War and Perestroika · See more »

Petsamo Province

The Province of Petsamo (Petsamon lääni, Petsamo län) was a province of Finland from 1921 to 1922.

New!!: Winter War and Petsamo Province · See more »

Phoney War

The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.

New!!: Winter War and Phoney War · See more »

Pillbox (military)

Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.

New!!: Winter War and Pillbox (military) · See more »

Pocket (military)

A pocket refers to combat forces that have been isolated by opposing forces from their logistical base and other friendly forces.

New!!: Winter War and Pocket (military) · See more »

Polar night

The polar night occurs in the northernmost and southernmost regions of the Earth when the night lasts for more than 24 hours.

New!!: Winter War and Polar night · See more »

Polish Armed Forces in the West

The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Polish Armed Forces in the West · See more »

Political commissar

In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, from политический руководитель, "political leader"), is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the military.

New!!: Winter War and Political commissar · See more »

Pork mutiny

The Pork mutiny (Läskikapina Fläskrevolten) was an incident in Northern Finland in 1922.

New!!: Winter War and Pork mutiny · See more »

Porosozero

Porosozero (Поросозеро; Porajärvi) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Suoyarvsky District of the Republic of Karelia, located along the Suna River.

New!!: Winter War and Porosozero · See more »

Port

A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

New!!: Winter War and Port · See more »

Pravda

Pravda (a, "Truth") is a Russian broadsheet newspaper, formerly the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, when it was one of the most influential papers in the country with a circulation of 11 million.

New!!: Winter War and Pravda · See more »

Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast

Primorsk (Примо́рск; Koivisto; Björkö) is a coastal town in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia and is the second largest Russian port on the Baltic, after St. Petersburg.

New!!: Winter War and Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast · See more »

Puppet state

A puppet state is a state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power.

New!!: Winter War and Puppet state · See more »

Reconnaissance

In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.

New!!: Winter War and Reconnaissance · See more »

Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

New!!: Winter War and Red Army · See more »

Refresher training (military)

Refresher training is a form of updating military knowledge of the reservist troops.

New!!: Winter War and Refresher training (military) · See more »

Reginald Drax

Admiral the Hon.

New!!: Winter War and Reginald Drax · See more »

Reinforced concrete

Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.

New!!: Winter War and Reinforced concrete · See more »

Renault FT

The Renault FT (frequently referred to in post-World War I literature as the FT-17, FT17, or similar) was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history.

New!!: Winter War and Renault FT · See more »

Repola

Reboly (Repola, Karelian Rebol´ä) is a settlement in the Republic of Karelia of the Russian Federation by the Finnish border.

New!!: Winter War and Repola · See more »

Reservist

A reservist is a person who is a member of a military reserve force.

New!!: Winter War and Reservist · See more »

Revanchism

Revanchism (from revanche, "revenge") is the political manifestation of the will to reverse territorial losses incurred by a country, often following a war or social movement.

New!!: Winter War and Revanchism · See more »

Ridge

A ridge or mountain ridge are geological features consisting of a chain of mountains or hills that form a continuous elevated crest for some distance.The sides of the ridge slope away from narrow top on either side.The line along the crest formed by the highest points, with the terrain dropping down on either side, is called the ridgeline.

New!!: Winter War and Ridge · See more »

Right of passage

Right of passage, in international law, means (approximately) a country's right for its ships to pass through the territorial seas of foreign states and straits used for international navigation.

New!!: Winter War and Right of passage · See more »

Risto Ryti

Risto Heikki Ryti (–) was the fifth president of Finland, from 1940 to 1944.

New!!: Winter War and Risto Ryti · See more »

Rovaniemi

Rovaniemi is a city and municipality of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Rovaniemi · See more »

Rudolf Holsti

Eino Rudolf Woldemar Holsti (8 October 1881 in Jyväskylä – 3 August 1945 in Palo Alto, California) was a Finnish politician, journalist and diplomat.

New!!: Winter War and Rudolf Holsti · See more »

Russarö

Russarö is an island south of Hanko.

New!!: Winter War and Russarö · See more »

Russian Civil War

The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.

New!!: Winter War and Russian Civil War · See more »

Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

New!!: Winter War and Russian Empire · See more »

Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Russian Revolution · See more »

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.

New!!: Winter War and Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic · See more »

Russification

Russification (Русификация), or Russianization, is a form of cultural assimilation process during which non-Russian communities, voluntarily or not, give up their culture and language in favor of the Russian one.

New!!: Winter War and Russification · See more »

Russification of Finland

The policy of Russification of Finland (Finnish: sortokaudet/sortovuodet - times/years of oppression) was a governmental policy of the Russian Empire aimed at limiting the special status of the Grand Duchy of Finland and possibly the termination of its political autonomy and cultural uniqueness in 1899–1905 and in 1908–1917.

New!!: Winter War and Russification of Finland · See more »

Rybachy Peninsula

Rybachy Peninsula (полуо́стров Рыба́чий, poluostrov Rybachy; Giehkirnjárga; Fiskerhalvøya; Kalastajasaarento) is the northernmost part of continental European Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Rybachy Peninsula · See more »

Ryti I Cabinet

Risto Ryti's first cabinet was the 23rd government of Republic of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Ryti I Cabinet · See more »

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

New!!: Winter War and Saint Petersburg · See more »

Salla

Salla (Kuolajärvi until 1936) is a municipality of Finland, located in Lapland.

New!!: Winter War and Salla · See more »

Saturation fire

Saturation fire is a highly intense level of artillery or machine gun fire which is designed to fill an enemy position with artillery shells or machine gun fire.

New!!: Winter War and Saturation fire · See more »

Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

New!!: Winter War and Scandinavia · See more »

Sea lane

A sea lane, sea road or shipping lane is a regularly used route for vessels on oceans and large lakes.

New!!: Winter War and Sea lane · See more »

Semyon Timoshenko

Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Семён Константи́нович Тимоше́нко, Semën Konstantinovič Timošenko; Семе́н Костянти́нович Тимоше́нко, Semen Kostiantynovych Tymoshenko) (– 31 March 1970) was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Semyon Timoshenko · See more »

Senate of Finland

The Senate of Finland (Suomen senaatti) combined the functions of cabinet and supreme court in the Grand Duchy of Finland from 1816 to 1917 and in the independent Republic of Finland from 1917 to 1918.

New!!: Winter War and Senate of Finland · See more »

Shelling of Mainila

The Shelling of Mainila (Mainilan laukaukset) was a military incident on November 26, 1939, where the Soviet Union's Red Army shelled the Russian village of Mainila (located near Beloostrov), declared that the fire originated from Finland across the nearby border and claimed to have had losses in personnel.

New!!: Winter War and Shelling of Mainila · See more »

Simo Häyhä

Simo "Simuna" Häyhä (17 December 1905 – 1 April 2002), nicknamed "White Death" (Белая смерть,; valkoinen kuolema; den vita döden) by the Red Army, was a Finnish sniper.

New!!: Winter War and Simo Häyhä · See more »

Sisu

Sisu is a Finnish concept and cultural construct that is described through a combination of various English terms including stoic determination, tenacity of purpose, grit, bravery, resilience, and hardiness and is held by Finns themselves to express their national character.

New!!: Winter War and Sisu · See more »

Ski suit

A ski suit is a suit made to be worn over the rest of the clothes when skiing or snowboarding.

New!!: Winter War and Ski suit · See more »

Ski warfare

Ski warfare, the use of ski-equipped troops in war, is first recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century.

New!!: Winter War and Ski warfare · See more »

Social Democratic Party of Finland

The Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP, Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue, Finlands socialdemokratiska parti), shortened to the Social Democrats, is a social-democratic political party in Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Social Democratic Party of Finland · See more »

Solovyovo, Priozersky District, Leningrad Oblast

Solovyovo (Соловьёво; Taipale), formerly Taipale, is a rural locality (a settlement) in Priozersky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the western shore of Lake Ladoga on the Karelian Isthmus about north of Saint Petersburg.

New!!: Winter War and Solovyovo, Priozersky District, Leningrad Oblast · See more »

Sortavala

Sortavala (till 1918 Serdobol; Со́ртавала; Finnish and Sortavala; Sordavala) is a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located at the northern tip of Lake Ladoga.

New!!: Winter War and Sortavala · See more »

Sovereignty

Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.

New!!: Winter War and Sovereignty · See more »

Soviet Air Forces

The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet Air Forces · See more »

Soviet invasion of Poland

The Soviet invasion of Poland was a Soviet Union military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet invasion of Poland · See more »

Soviet Navy

The Soviet Navy (Military Maritime Fleet of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet Navy · See more »

Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940)

The Soviet occupation of the Baltic states covers the period from the Soviet–Baltic mutual assistance pacts in 1939, to their invasion and annexation in 1940, to the mass deportations of 1941.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940) · See more »

Soviet prisoners of war in Finland

Soviet prisoners of war in Finland during World War II were captured in two Soviet-Finnish conflicts of that period: the Winter War and the Continuation War.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet prisoners of war in Finland · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet Union · See more »

Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact

The Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact was a non-aggression treaty signed in 1932 by representatives of Finland and the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact · See more »

Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.

New!!: Winter War and Spanish Civil War · See more »

Sphere of influence

In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.

New!!: Winter War and Sphere of influence · See more »

Spirit of the Winter War

The Spirit of Winter War (Talvisodan henki) is the national unity which is credited with having saved Finland from disintegrating along class and ideological lines under the Soviet invasion during the Winter War of November 30, 1939 to March 13, 1940.

New!!: Winter War and Spirit of the Winter War · See more »

Stavka

The Stavka (Ставка) was the high command of the armed forces in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and Stavka · See more »

Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

New!!: Winter War and Stockholm · See more »

Strategic bombing

Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.

New!!: Winter War and Strategic bombing · See more »

Submarine

A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

New!!: Winter War and Submarine · See more »

Suomussalmi

Suomussalmi is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region.

New!!: Winter War and Suomussalmi · See more »

Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union was the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments.

New!!: Winter War and Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union · See more »

Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Sweden · See more »

Sweden and the Winter War

The Winter War was fought in the four months following the Soviet Union's invasion of Finland on November 30, 1939.

New!!: Winter War and Sweden and the Winter War · See more »

Swedish iron-ore mining during World War II

Swedish iron ore was an important economic factor in the European theatre of World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Swedish iron-ore mining during World War II · See more »

Swedish Volunteer Corps (Winter War)

The Swedish Volunteer Corps (Svenska frivilligkåren) during the Winter War numbered 9,640 officers and men.

New!!: Winter War and Swedish Volunteer Corps (Winter War) · See more »

T-26

The T-26 tank was a Soviet light infantry tank used during many conflicts of the 1930s and in World War II.

New!!: Winter War and T-26 · See more »

Tallinn

Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.

New!!: Winter War and Tallinn · See more »

Timeline of the Winter War

The timeline of the Winter War is a chronology of events leading up to, culminating in, and resulting from the Winter War.

New!!: Winter War and Timeline of the Winter War · See more »

Track (rail transport)

The track on a railway or railroad, also known as the permanent way, is the structure consisting of the rails, fasteners, railroad ties (sleepers, British English) and ballast (or slab track), plus the underlying subgrade.

New!!: Winter War and Track (rail transport) · See more »

Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Finnish)

The Treaty of Tartu (italic, Tarton rauha) between Finland and Soviet Russia was signed on 14 October 1920 after negotiations that lasted four months.

New!!: Winter War and Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Finnish) · See more »

Trench warfare

Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.

New!!: Winter War and Trench warfare · See more »

Trondheim

Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.

New!!: Winter War and Trondheim · See more »

Tupolev SB

The Tupolev ANT-40, also known by its service name Tupolev SB (Скоростной бомбардировщик – Skorostnoi Bombardirovschik – high speed bomber) and development co-name TsAGI-40, was a high speed twin-engined three-seat monoplane bomber, first flown in 1934.

New!!: Winter War and Tupolev SB · See more »

Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

New!!: Winter War and Turkey · See more »

Turku

Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Turku · See more »

Ukrayinska Pravda

Ukrayinska Pravda (Українська правда, literally Ukrainian Truth) is a popular Ukrainian Internet newspaper, founded by Georgiy R. Gongadze in April, 2000 (the day of the Ukrainian constitutional referendum).

New!!: Winter War and Ukrayinska Pravda · See more »

Ultimatum

An ultimatum (the last one) is a demand whose fulfillment is requested in a specified period of time and which is backed up by a threat to be followed through in case of noncompliance.

New!!: Winter War and Ultimatum · See more »

Uniform

A uniform is a type of clothing worn by members of an organization while participating in that organization's activity.

New!!: Winter War and Uniform · See more »

Väinö Tanner

Väinö Tanner (12 March 1881 – 19 April 1966; surname until 1895 Thomasson) was a leading figure in the Social Democratic Party of Finland, and a pioneer and leader in the cooperative movement in Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Väinö Tanner · See more »

Vickers 6-Ton

The Vickers 6-Ton Tank or Vickers Mark E was a British light tank designed as a private project at Vickers.

New!!: Winter War and Vickers 6-Ton · See more »

Viena expedition

The Viena expedition (Vienan retkikunta, Vienaexpeditionen) was a military expedition in March 1918 by Finnish volunteer forces to annex White Karelia (Vienan Karjala) from Bolshevist Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Viena expedition · See more »

Viipuri Province

The Viipuri Province (Viipurin lääni, commonly abbreviated Vpl, Viborgs län or Wiborgs län) was a province of Finland from 1812 to 1945.

New!!: Winter War and Viipuri Province · See more »

Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.

New!!: Winter War and Vladimir Putin · See more »

Vyacheslav Molotov

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (né Skryabin; 9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.

New!!: Winter War and Vyacheslav Molotov · See more »

Vyborg

Vyborg (p; Viipuri,; Viborg; Wiborg; Viiburi) is a town in, and the administrative center of, Vyborgsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

New!!: Winter War and Vyborg · See more »

Vyborg Bay

Vyborg Bay is a deep inlet running northeastward near the eastern end of Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea.

New!!: Winter War and Vyborg Bay · See more »

Warship

A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

New!!: Winter War and Warship · See more »

Weapon

A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.

New!!: Winter War and Weapon · See more »

White Guard (Finland)

The White Guard or Civil Guard (lit. protection corps) was a voluntary militia that emerged victorious over the socialist Red Guard as a part of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War of 1918.

New!!: Winter War and White Guard (Finland) · See more »

Whites (Finland)

The Whites (Valkoiset, De vita, Белофинны), or White Finland, was the name used to refer to the refugee government and forces under Pehr Evind Svinhufvud's first senate who opposed the "Reds", or the Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic, during the Finnish civil war (1918).

New!!: Winter War and Whites (Finland) · See more »

Wiljo Tuompo

Viljo (Wiljo) Einar Tuompo (23 September 1893 in Pornainen – 1957) was a Finnish Lieutenant General during World War II.

New!!: Winter War and Wiljo Tuompo · See more »

William R. Trotter

William R. (Bill) Trotter (July 15, 1943 - February 28, 2018) was an American author and historian.

New!!: Winter War and William R. Trotter · See more »

Windsock

A windsock is a conical textile tube which resembles a giant sock.

New!!: Winter War and Windsock · See more »

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

New!!: Winter War and Winston Churchill · See more »

Winter War in popular culture

The influence of the Winter War in popular culture has been deep and wide, both in Finnish culture and worldwide.

New!!: Winter War and Winter War in popular culture · See more »

Woldemar Hägglund

Johan Woldemar Hägglund (August 10, 1893 – February 12, 1963) was a lieutenant general in the Finnish Army in the Second World War, and an early volunteer in the Finnish Jäger troops in the Finnish Civil War 1918.

New!!: Winter War and Woldemar Hägglund · See more »

World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

New!!: Winter War and World War I · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Winter War and World War II · See more »

Yle

Yleisradio Oy (Finnish), also known as Rundradion (Swedish) or the Finnish Broadcasting Company (English), abbreviated to Yle (pronounced /yle/; previously stylised as YLE before the 2012 corporate rebrand), is Finland's national public broadcasting company, founded in 1926.

New!!: Winter War and Yle · See more »

Yuri Kilin

Yuri Mihailovich Kilin (Юрий Михайлович Килин, born 1961) is a Russian historian and a professor of History Studies at the Petrozavodsk State University in Petrozavodsk.

New!!: Winter War and Yuri Kilin · See more »

Zelenogorsk, Saint Petersburg

Zelenogorsk (Зеленого́рск; before 1948 Terijoki, a name still used in Finnish and Swedish), is a municipal town in Kurortny District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located in part of the Karelian Isthmus on the shore of the Gulf of Finland.

New!!: Winter War and Zelenogorsk, Saint Petersburg · See more »

139th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

The 139th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, formed three times during World War II, in 1939 and twice in 1941.

New!!: Winter War and 139th Rifle Division (Soviet Union) · See more »

13th Army (Soviet Union)

The 13th Army (Russian: 13-я армия 13-ya armiya) was a name given to several field armies of the Soviet Union's Red Army, first created during the Russian Civil War.

New!!: Winter War and 13th Army (Soviet Union) · See more »

14th Army (Soviet Union)

The 14th Army was a field army of the Soviet Army, formed twice.

New!!: Winter War and 14th Army (Soviet Union) · See more »

150th Rifle Division (Russia)

The 150th Idritsa-Berlin Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class Motor Rifle Division (Russian: 150-я Идрицко-Берлинская ордена Кутузова 2-й степени мотострелковая дивизия) of the Russian Ground Forces was re-instituted in 2016.

New!!: Winter War and 150th Rifle Division (Russia) · See more »

44th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

The 44th Kievskaya of the Red Banner Rifle Division of Nikolay Shchors, or 44th Kievskaya for short, was an elite military formation of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Winter War and 44th Rifle Division (Soviet Union) · See more »

56th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

The 56th Rifle Division was a infantry division of the Red Army and later the Soviet Army of the Soviet Union, formed three times.

New!!: Winter War and 56th Rifle Division (Soviet Union) · See more »

7.62×54mmR

The 7.62×54mmR is a rimmed rifle cartridge developed by the Russian Empire and introduced as a service cartridge in 1891.

New!!: Winter War and 7.62×54mmR · See more »

7th Army (Soviet Union)

The Soviet Red Army's 7th Army first saw action in the 1939–40 Winter War against Finland.

New!!: Winter War and 7th Army (Soviet Union) · See more »

8th Army (Soviet Union)

The 8th Army was a field army of the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War.

New!!: Winter War and 8th Army (Soviet Union) · See more »

9th Army (Soviet Union)

The 9th Army of the Soviet Union's Red Army was a Soviet field army, active from 1939 – 43.

New!!: Winter War and 9th Army (Soviet Union) · See more »

Redirects here:

Finland vs Russia, Finland vs russia, Finland vs ussr, Finnish Winter War, Finnish-Russian War, Finno-Russian Winter War, Invasion of Finland, Russian winter war, Russo finnish war, Russo-Finnish War, Russo-Finnish Winter War, Russo-Finnish war, Russo-Finno War, Soviet invasion of Finland, Soviet war in Finland, Soviet-Finnish War, Soviet-Finnish War (1939-1940), Soviet-Finnish War (1939–1940), Soviet-Finnish war, The Winter War, Winter war, Winterwar.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »