81 relations: Algerian War, BBC, Budget of the European Union, Citizenship of the European Union, Collectivity of Saint Martin, Continuing United Kingdom relationship with the European Union, Convention on the Future of Europe, Council of the European Union, County of Greenland, Denmark, Crossbencher, Denmark, Donald Tusk, Dutch withdrawal from the European Union, Euro, Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy, Europe of Nations and Freedom, European Commission, European Communities, European Communities Act 1972 (UK), European Council, European Parliament, European Parliament election, 2014, European Union, European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, European Union law, Euroscepticism, First May ministry, France, French Algeria, Frexit, Government of the United Kingdom, Greenland, Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum, 1982, Home rule, Hungary, Italy, Jobbik, John Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard, Law of the United Kingdom, Left Party (Sweden), Lega Nord, Liberty (Poland), Maastricht Treaty, Member state of the European Union, Membership of United Kingdom in the European Economic Area, Metropolitan France, Netherlands, Overseas collectivity, Overseas department, Party for Freedom, ..., Peerage, Poland, Politics of Guadeloupe, Popular Republican Union (2007), President of the European Council, Referendums in the United Kingdom, Remote and isolated community, Saint Barthélemy, Scottish people, Secession, Second Cameron ministry, Special member state territories and the European Union, Sweden, Sweden Democrats, Tariff, Territorial evolution of Switzerland, Tourism, Treaties of the European Union, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Treaty of Lisbon, Treaty of Rome, UK Independence Party, United Kingdom, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, United Kingdom invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Voting in the Council of the European Union, Withdrawal from the European Union, Withdrawal from the Eurozone, Withdrawal of Greenland from the European Communities, World Trade Organization. Expand index (31 more) » « Shrink index
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The European Union has a budget to pay for policies carried out at European level (such as agriculture, assistance to poorer regions, trans-European networks, research, some overseas development aid) and for its administration, including a parliament, executive branch, and judiciary that are distinct from those of the member states.
Citizenship of the European Union (EU) is afforded to qualifying citizens of European Union member states.
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies in the Caribbean.
The United Kingdom's post-Brexit relationship with the remaining European Union members could take several forms.
The Convention on the Future of Europe (officially the European Convention), was a body established by the European Council in December 2001 as a result of the Laeken Declaration.
The Council of the European Union, referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.
The County of Greenland was an amt (county) of Denmark, comprising Greenland and its associated islands, before home rule was granted to Greenland.
A crossbencher is an independent or minor party member of some legislatures, such as the British House of Lords and the Parliament of Australia.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Donald Franciszek Tusk (Polish:; born 22 April 1957) is a Polish politician who has been the President of the European Council since 2014.
A hypotheticised Dutch withdrawal from the European Union, sometimes referred to as a "Nexit" (based on "Brexit", the common name for a British withdrawal from the European Union), is a proposal with limited support in the Netherlands.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD or EFD2) is a populist Eurosceptic political group in the European Parliament.
Europe of Nations and Freedom (Europe des nations et des libertés, ENL) is a political group in the European Parliament launched on 15 June 2015.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,;; were three international organizations that were governed by the same set of institutions.
The European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which made legal provision for the accession of the United Kingdom to the three European Communities, namely the EEC (or "Common Market"), Euratom, and the (now defunct) Coal & Steel Community.
The European Council, charged with defining the European Union's (EU) overall political direction and priorities, is the institution of the EU that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
From 22 to 25 May 2014, elections to the European Parliament were held in the European Union.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (c. 16) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that provides for repealing the European Communities Act 1972, and for Parliamentary approval of the withdrawal agreement being negotiated between the government and the European Community.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
Euroscepticism (also known as EU-scepticism) means criticism of the European Union (EU) and European integration.
Theresa May formed the first May ministry on 13 July 2016 after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government following the resignation of David Cameron from the post of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
"Frexit" is a portmanteau word for a hypothetical French withdrawal from the European Union.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
The Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum, 1982 was a referendum over whether Greenland should continue to be a member of the European Economic Community which took place on 23 February 1982.
Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jobbik, the Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom), commonly known as Jobbik, is a Hungarian political party with radical and nationalist roots.
John Olav Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard (born 22 February 1942), is a former diplomat, now Deputy Chairman of Scottish Power and a crossbench member of the House of Lords.
The United Kingdom has three legal systems, each of which applies to a particular geographical area.
The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet, V) is a socialist and feminist political party in Sweden.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
Liberty (Wolność) is a Polish right-libertarian and eurosceptic political party established in 2015 by Janusz Korwin-Mikke as a result of his removal from his former party, Congress of the New Right.
The Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome). The TEU was originally signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands to further European integration. On 9–10 December 1991, the same city hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty. Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the three pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. TEU comprised two novel titles respectively on Common Foreign and Security Policy and Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs, which replaced the former informal intergovernmental cooperation bodies named TREVI and European Political Cooperation on EU Foreign policy coordination. In addition TEU also comprised three titles which amended the three pre-existing community treaties: Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, and the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community which had its abbreviation renamed from TEEC to TEC (being known as TFEU since 2007). The Maastricht Treaty (TEU) and all pre-existing treaties, has subsequently been further amended by the treaties of Amsterdam (1997), Nice (2001) and Lisbon (2009).
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
After Brexit the UK could seek to continue to be a member the European Economic Area (EEA) as a member of EFTA.
Metropolitan France (France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The French overseas collectivities (collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France.
An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.
The Party for Freedom (Partij voor de Vrijheid, PVV) is a Dutch nationalist and right-wing populist political party in the Netherlands.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Guadeloupe sends four deputies to the French National Assembly and three senators to the French Senate.
Popular Republican Union (Union Populaire Républicaine) is a French political party, founded in 2007 by François Asselineau.
The President of the European Council is a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.
Referendums in the United Kingdom are very occasionally held at a national, regional or local level.
In Canada, the statistical designation remote and isolated community refers to a settlement that is either a long distance from larger settlements or lacks transportation links that are typical in more populated areas.
Saint Barthélemy, officially the Territorial collectivity of Saint-Barthélemy (Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Barthélemy), called Ouanalao by the indigenous people, is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
David Cameron formed the second Cameron ministry, the first Conservative Party majority government since 1996, following the 2015 general election after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government.
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Sweden Democrats or Swedish Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna, SD) is a nationalist political party in Sweden that was founded in 1988.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
The territory of Switzerland largely consists of the territory acquired by the historical cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy and its close associates.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
The Treaties of the European Union are a set of international treaties between the European Union (EU) member states which sets out the EU's constitutional basis.
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE; commonly referred to as the European Constitution or as the Constitutional Treaty) was an unratified international treaty intended to create a consolidated constitution for the European Union (EU).
The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement that amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU).
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
The United Kingdom's invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union happened on 29 March 2017, and it began the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union (EU), commonly referred to as Brexit.
The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states.
The procedures for voting in the Council of the European Union are described in the treaties of the European Union.
Withdrawal from the European Union is the legal and political process whereby a member state of the European Union ceases to be a member of the union.
Withdrawal from the Eurozone denotes the process whereby a Eurozone member-state, whether voluntarily or forcibly, stops using the Euro as its national currency and leaves the Eurozone.
The withdrawal of Greenland from the European Communities took place in 1985.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
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