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Index Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are part of the family Picidae, a group of near-passerine birds that also consist of piculets, wrynecks, and sapsuckers. [1]

222 relations: Acceleration, Acorn woodpecker, Africa, Altricial, Amber, American three-toed woodpecker, Americas, Andean flicker, Animal communication, Antarctica, Antillean piculet, Arabian woodpecker, Asia, Australasia, Australia, Bamboo, Bamboo woodpecker, Basal (phylogenetics), Bathoceleus hyphalus, Beak, Bermuda flicker, Biodiversity, Bioindicator, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Biological specificity, Bird, Bird migration, Bird nest, Bird vocalization, Black woodpecker, Black-backed woodpecker, Blythipicus, Brain damage, Bristle, British Museum, British Ornithologists' Union, Brood parasite, Buff-spotted woodpecker, Cactus, Camouflage, Campephilus, Campethera, Campo flicker, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Caribbean, Celeus (bird), Cerebrospinal fluid, Chattian, Chloropicus, Chrysocolaptes, ..., Chrysophlegma, Clade, Coarse woody debris, Colaptes, Collagen, Convergent evolution, Coracoid, Cosmopolitan distribution, Courtship display, Cuban green woodpecker, Deciduous, Dendrocopos, Dendrocoptes, Dendropicos, Desert, Dinopium, DNA sequencing, Dominican Republic, Dryobates, Dryocopus, Egg incubation, Emerald ash borer, Eurasian three-toed woodpecker, Eurasian wryneck, Europe, European green woodpecker, Extinction, Family (biology), Fledge, Flight recorder, Forest, G-force, Galbuli, Gecinulus, Genus, Gila woodpecker, Gilded flicker, Grassland, Great slaty woodpecker, Great spotted woodpecker, Grey-and-buff woodpecker, Grey-capped pygmy woodpecker, Ground woodpecker, Habitat, Habitat fragmentation, Handbook of the Birds of the World, Hemicircus, Hertz, Hill, Hispaniola, Hispaniolan woodpecker, Honeyguide, Imperial woodpecker, Incertae sedis, Insect, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Invertebrate, Island, IUCN Red List, Ivory-billed woodpecker, Jacamar, Journal of Avian Biology, Journal of Biogeography, Keratin, Ladder-backed woodpecker, Lesser spotted woodpecker, Leuconotopicus, Lewis's woodpecker, Madagascar, Magellanic woodpecker, Mealybug, Meiglyptes, Melanerpes, Middle spotted woodpecker, Miocene, Mixed-species foraging flock, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Monogamy, Monophyly, Morphology (biology), Moulting, Mulleripicus, Myr, Near passerine, Neotropical realm, New Guinea, New Providence, New World, New World barbet, New Zealand, Nictitating membrane, Northern flicker, Nucleic acid sequence, Oak, Okinawa woodpecker, Old World, Oligocene, Orange-backed woodpecker, Orchard, Order (biology), Ornithology, Paraphyly, Passerine, Pecking, Pici, Piciformes, Picinae, Picoides, Piculet, Piculus, Picumnus (bird), Picus (genus), Pileated woodpecker, Pinophyta, Pinus palustris, Pliocene, Plumage, Poaceae, Polyandry, Polygamy, Polygynandry, Puffbird, Red-breasted sapsucker, Red-cockaded woodpecker, Red-crowned woodpecker, Red-naped sapsucker, Retina, Rock (geology), Roof shingle, Rufous woodpecker, Rufous-bellied woodpecker, Sahel, Sap, Sapsucker, Sasia, Savanna, Secondary forest, Sempach Bird Observatory, Sexual dimorphism, Shrubland, Sister group, Soil, Solitary animal, Songbird, South Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, Species, Strain energy, Subdural space, Subfamily, Termite, Territory (animal), The Bahamas, The Condor (journal), Tongue and groove, Toucan, Tropical rainforest, Veniliornis, West Indian woodpecker, White-backed woodpecker, White-headed woodpecker, Wildlife conservation, William Elford Leach, Williamson's sapsucker, Woodboring beetle, Woodland, Wryneck, Yellow-bellied sapsucker, Yellow-crowned woodpecker, Ypresian, Yungipicus. Expand index (172 more) »


In physics, acceleration is the rate of change of velocity of an object with respect to time.

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Acorn woodpecker

The acorn woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus) is a medium-sized woodpecker, long, with an average weight of.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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In biology, altricial species are those in which the young are incapable of moving around on their own soon after hatching or being born.

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Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.

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American three-toed woodpecker

The American three-toed woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis) is a medium-sized woodpecker (family Picidae).

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Andean flicker

The Andean flicker (Colaptes rupicola) is a South American species of woodpecker.

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Animal communication

Animal communication is the transfer of information from one or a group of animals (sender or senders) to one or more other animals (receiver or receivers) that affects the current or future behavior of the receivers.

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Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.

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Antillean piculet

The Antillean piculet (Nesoctites micromegas) is a species of bird in the woodpecker family Picidae.

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Arabian woodpecker

The Arabian woodpecker (Dendrocoptes dorae) is a species of woodpecker found in the Arabian Peninsula, primarily in southwestern Saudi Arabia and Yemen, in areas of montane forest.

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Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Bamboo woodpecker

The bamboo woodpecker (Gecinulus viridis) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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Basal (phylogenetics)

In phylogenetics, basal is the direction of the base (or root) of a rooted phylogenetic tree or cladogram.

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Bathoceleus hyphalus

Bathoceleus hyphalus is an extinct bird discovered in the Bahamas.

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The beak, bill, or rostrum is an external anatomical structure of birds that is used for eating and for preening, manipulating objects, killing prey, fighting, probing for food, courtship and feeding young.

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Bermuda flicker

The Bermuda flicker (Colaptes oceanicus) is an extinct woodpecker from the genus Colaptes.

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Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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A bioindicator is any species (an indicator species) or group of species whose function, population, or status can reveal the qualitative status of the environment.

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Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

The Biological Journal of the Linnean Society is a direct descendant of the oldest biological journal in the world, the Transactions of the Linnean Society.

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Biological specificity

In biology, biological specificity is the tendency of a characteristic such as a behavior or a biochemical variation to occur in a particular species.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Bird migration

Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.

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Bird nest

A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.

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Bird vocalization

Bird vocalization includes both bird calls and bird songs.

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Black woodpecker

The black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) is a large woodpecker that lives in mature forest across the northern palearctic.

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Black-backed woodpecker

The black-backed woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) also known as the Arctic three-toed woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker (long) inhabiting the forests of North America.

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Blythipicus is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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Brain damage

Brain damage or brain injury (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells.

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A bristle is a stiff hair or feather (natural or artificial), either on an animal, such as a pig, or on a tool such as a brush or broom.

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British Museum

The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.

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British Ornithologists' Union

The British Ornithologists' Union (BOU) aims to encourage the study of birds ("ornithology") in Britain, Europe and around the world, in order to understand their biology and to aid their conservation.

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Brood parasite

Brood parasites are organisms that rely on others to raise their young.

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Buff-spotted woodpecker

The buff-spotted woodpecker (Campethera nivosa) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.

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Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis).

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Campephilus is a genus of large American woodpeckers in the family Picidae.

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Campethera is a genus of bird in the family Picidae.

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Campo flicker

The campo flicker (Colaptes campestris) is a species of bird in the woodpecker family.

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Canadian Journal of Forest Research

The Canadian Journal of Forest Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by NRC Research Press.

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The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Celeus (bird)

Celeus is a genus in the woodpecker family, Picidae, found in tropical and subtropical forests and woodlands of Central and South America.

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Cerebrospinal fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless body fluid found in the brain and spinal cord.

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The Chattian is, in the geologic timescale, the younger of two ages or upper of two stages of the Oligocene epoch/series.

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Chloropicus is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae that are native to Africa.

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Chrysocolaptes is a genus of birds in the Picidae (woodpecker) family.

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Chrysophlegma is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae.

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A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".

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Coarse woody debris

Coarse woody debris (CWD) or coarse woody habitat (CWH) refers to fallen dead trees and the remains of large branches on the ground in forests and in rivers or wetlands.

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Colaptes is the genus of woodpeckers which contains the flickers.

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Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

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Convergent evolution

Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different lineages.

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A coracoid is a paired bone which is part of the shoulder assembly in all vertebrates except therian mammals (therians.

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Cosmopolitan distribution

In biogeography, a taxon is said to have a cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats.

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Courtship display

A courtship display is a set of display behaviors in which an animal attempts to attract a mate and exhibit their desire to copulate.

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Cuban green woodpecker

The Cuban green woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.

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Dendrocopos is a widespread genus of woodpeckers from Asia and Europe and Northern Africa.

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Dendrocoptes is a genus of woodpeckers in the (family Picidae) native to Eurasia.

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Dendropicos is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae that are native to Africa.

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A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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Dinopium is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

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Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.

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Dryobates is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae.

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Dryocopus is a genus of large powerful woodpeckers, typically 35–45 cm in length.

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Egg incubation

Incubation refers to the process by which certain oviparous (egg-laying) animals hatch their eggs; it also refers to the development of the embryo within the egg.

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Emerald ash borer

The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) is a green buprestid or jewel beetle native to northeastern Asia that feeds on ash species.

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Eurasian three-toed woodpecker

The three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus) is a medium-sized woodpecker.

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Eurasian wryneck

The Eurasian wryneck (Jynx torquilla) is a species of wryneck in the woodpecker family.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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European green woodpecker

The European green woodpecker (Picus viridis) is a member of the woodpecker family Picidae.

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In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.

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Family (biology)

In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.

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Fledging is the stage in a volant animal's life between hatching or parturition and flight.

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Flight recorder

A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents.

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A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

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The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.

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Galbuli is one of the two suborders of the order Piciformes and includes two families Bucconidae (puffbirds) and Galbulidae (jacamars).

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Gecinulus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family Picidae.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Gila woodpecker

The Gila woodpecker (Melanerpes uropygialis) is a medium-sized woodpecker of the desert regions of the southwestern United States and western Mexico.

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Gilded flicker

The gilded flicker (Colaptes chrysoides) is a large-sized woodpecker (mean length of) of the Sonoran, Yuma, and eastern Colorado Desert regions of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico including all of the Baja Peninsula except the extreme northwestern region.

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Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.

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Great slaty woodpecker

The great slaty woodpecker (Mulleripicus pulverulentus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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Great spotted woodpecker

The great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) is a medium-sized woodpecker with pied black and white plumage and a red patch on the lower belly.

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Grey-and-buff woodpecker

The grey-and-buff woodpecker (Hemicircus sordidus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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Grey-capped pygmy woodpecker

The grey-capped pygmy woodpecker (Yungipicus canicapillus) is an Asian bird species of the woodpecker family (Picidae).

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Ground woodpecker

The ground woodpecker (Geocolaptes olivaceus) is one of only three ground-dwelling woodpeckers in the world (the others are the Andean and Campo flickers).

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In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Habitat fragmentation

Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities (fragmentation) in an organism's preferred environment (habitat), causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay.

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Handbook of the Birds of the World

The Handbook of the Birds of the World (HBW) is a multi-volume series produced by the Spanish publishing house Lynx Edicions in partnership with BirdLife International.

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Hemicircus is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain.

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Hispaniola (Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taíno: Haiti) is an island in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.

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Hispaniolan woodpecker

The Hispaniolan woodpecker (Melanerpes striatus) is a medium-sized woodpecker endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola.

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Honeyguides (family Indicatoridae) are a near passerine bird species of the order Piciformes.

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Imperial woodpecker

The imperial woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis) is a species of bird, a member of the woodpecker family Picidae.

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Incertae sedis

Incertae sedis (Latin for "of uncertain placement") is a term used for a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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International Union for Conservation of Nature

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

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Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.

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An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

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IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

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Ivory-billed woodpecker

The ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) is one of the largest woodpeckers in the world, at roughly long and in wingspan.

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The jacamars are a family, Galbulidae, of near passerine birds from tropical South and Central America, extending up to Mexico.

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Journal of Avian Biology

The Journal of Avian Biology is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of ornithology published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Nordic Society Oikos.

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Journal of Biogeography

The Journal of Biogeography is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in biogeography that was established in 1974.

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Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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Ladder-backed woodpecker

The ladder-backed woodpecker (Dryobates scalaris) is a North American woodpecker.

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Lesser spotted woodpecker

The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dryobates minor) is a member of the woodpecker family Picidae.

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Leuconotopicus is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae native to North and South America.

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Lewis's woodpecker

The Lewis's woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) is a large North American species of woodpecker which ornithologist Alexander Wilson named after Meriwether Lewis, one of the explorers who surveyed the areas bought by the United States of America as part of the Louisiana Purchase and discovered this species of bird.

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Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

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Magellanic woodpecker

The Magellanic woodpecker (Campephilus magellanicus) is a very large woodpecker found along the Andes of Chile and southwestern Argentina; it is resident within its range.

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Mealybugs are insects in the family Pseudococcidae, unarmored scale insects found in moist, warm climates.

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Meiglyptes is a genus of bird in the family Picidae.

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Melanerpes is a genus of woodpeckers of the family Picidae found in the New World.

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Middle spotted woodpecker

The middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocoptes medius) is a European woodpecker belonging to the genus Dendrocoptes.

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The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).

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Mixed-species foraging flock

A mixed-species feeding flock, also termed a mixed-species foraging flock, mixed hunting party or informally bird wave, is a flock of usually insectivorous birds of different species that join each other and move together while foraging.

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Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of evolutionary biology and phylogenetics.

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Monogamy is a form of relationship in which an individual has only one partner during their lifetime — alternately, only one partner at any one time (serial monogamy) — as compared to non-monogamy (e.g., polygamy or polyamory).

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In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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In biology, moulting (British English), or molting (American English), also known as sloughing, shedding, or in many invertebrates, ecdysis, is the manner in which an animal routinely casts off a part of its body (often, but not always, an outer layer or covering), either at specific times of the year, or at specific points in its life cycle.

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Mulleripicus is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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The abbreviation myr, "million years", is a unit of a quantity of (i.e.) years, or 31.6 teraseconds.

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Near passerine

Near passerine or higher land-bird assemblage are terms of traditional, pre-cladistic taxonomy that have often been given to tree-dwelling birds or those most often believed to be related to the true passerines (order Passeriformes) due to ecological similarities; the group corresponds to some extent with the Anomalogonatae of Alfred Henry Garrod.

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Neotropical realm

The Neotropical realm is one of the eight biogeographic realms constituting the Earth's land surface.

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New Guinea

New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.

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New Providence

New Providence is the most populous island in The Bahamas, containing more than 70% of the total population.

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New World

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

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New World barbet

New World barbets, family Capitonidae, are near passerine birds of the order Piciformes which inhabit humid forests in Central and South America.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nictitating membrane

The nictitating membrane (from Latin nictare, to blink) is a transparent or translucent third eyelid present in some animals that can be drawn across the eye from the medial canthus for protection and to moisten it while maintaining vision.

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Northern flicker

The northern flicker (Colaptes auratus) is a medium-sized bird of the woodpecker family.

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Nucleic acid sequence

A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.

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An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.

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Okinawa woodpecker

The is a woodpecker endemic to the island of Okinawa in Japan.

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Old World

The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").

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The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.

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Orange-backed woodpecker

The orange-backed woodpecker (Reinwardtipicus validus) is a woodpecker found in southern Thailand, Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia, Brunei, Sumatra and Java.

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An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production.

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Order (biology)

In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.

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Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.

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In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.

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A passerine is any bird of the order Passeriformes, which includes more than half of all bird species.

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Pecking is the action of a bird using their beak to search for food or otherwise investigate an object or area by tapping it.

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Pici is thick, hand-rolled pasta, like fat spaghetti.

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Nine families of largely arboreal birds make up the order Piciformes, the best-known of them being the Picidae, which includes the woodpeckers and close relatives.

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Woodpeckers are near passerine birds of the order Piciformes.

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Picoides is a genus of woodpeckers (family Picidae) that are native to Eurasia and North America.

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The piculets are a distinctive subfamily, Picumninae, of small woodpeckers which occur mainly in tropical South America, with just three Asian and one African species.

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Piculus is a genus of bird in the family Picidae.

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Picumnus (bird)

Picumnus is a large genus of piculets.

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Picus (genus)

Picus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family.

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Pileated woodpecker

The pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a woodpecker native to North America.

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The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

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Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris, commonly known as the longleaf pine, is a pine native to the Southeastern United States, found along the coastal plain from East Texas to southern Maryland, extending into northern and central Florida.

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The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.

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Plumage ("feather") refers both to the layer of feathers that cover a bird and the pattern, colour, and arrangement of those feathers.

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Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.

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Polyandry (from πολυ- poly-, "many" and ἀνήρ anēr, "man") is a form of polygamy in which a woman takes two or more husbands at the same time.

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Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses.

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Polygynandry is a mating system in which both males and females have multiple mating partners during a breeding season.

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The puffbirds and their relatives in the near passerine family Bucconidae are tropical tree-dwelling insectivorous birds that are found from South America up to Mexico.

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Red-breasted sapsucker

The red-breasted sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber) is a medium-sized woodpecker of the forests of the west coast of North America.

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Red-cockaded woodpecker

The red-cockaded woodpecker (Leuconotopicus borealis) is a woodpecker found in southeastern North America.

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Red-crowned woodpecker

The red-crowned woodpecker (Melanerpes rubricapillus) is a resident breeding bird from southwestern Costa Rica south to Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and Tobago.

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Red-naped sapsucker

The red-naped sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis) is a medium-sized North American woodpecker.

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The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.

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Rock (geology)

Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

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Roof shingle

Roof shingles are a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements.

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Rufous woodpecker

The rufous woodpecker, (Micropternus brachyurus) is a brown woodpecker found in southern, eastern and northern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southern China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo and western Java).

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Rufous-bellied woodpecker

The rufous-bellied woodpecker or rufous-bellied sapsucker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.

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Sap is a fluid transported in xylem cells (vessel elements or tracheids) or phloem sieve tube elements of a plant.

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The sapsuckers are four species of North American woodpeckers in the genus Sphyrapicus.

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Sasia is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

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Secondary forest

A secondary forest (or second-growth forest) is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a timber harvest, until a long enough period has passed so that the effects of the disturbance are no longer evident.

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Sempach Bird Observatory

The Swiss Ornithological Institute (Schweizerische Vogelwarte Sempach in German) is an ornithological research centre, which is based at the town of Sempach in the district of Sursee in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

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Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.

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Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterised by vegetation dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, herbs, and geophytes.

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Sister group

A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.

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Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

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Solitary animal

Solitary animals are those that spend a majority of their lives without others of their species, with possible exceptions for mating and raising their young.

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A songbird is a bird belonging to the clade Passeri of the perching birds (Passeriformes).

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Strain energy

In physics, strain energy is the energy stored by a system undergoing deformation.eh for U.

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Subdural space

The subdural space (or subdural cavity) is a potential space that can be opened by the separation of the arachnoid mater from the dura mater as the result of trauma, pathologic process, or the absence of cerebrospinal fluid as seen in a cadaver.

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In biological classification, a subfamily (Latin: subfamilia, plural subfamiliae) is an auxiliary (intermediate) taxonomic rank, next below family but more inclusive than genus.

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Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.

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Territory (animal)

In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (or, occasionally, animals of other species).

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.

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The Condor (journal)

The Condor: Ornithological Applications is a peer-reviewed weekly scientific journal covering ornithology.

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Tongue and groove

Tongue and groove is a method of fitting similar objects together, edge to edge, used mainly with wood, in flooring, parquetry, panelling, and similar constructions.

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Toucans are members of the Neotropical near passerine bird family Ramphastidae.

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Tropical rainforest

Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.

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Veniliornis is a genus of birds in the family Picidae.

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West Indian woodpecker

The West Indian woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris) is a species of bird in the family Picidae.

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White-backed woodpecker

The white-backed woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos) is a Eurasian woodpecker belonging to the genus Dendrocopos.

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White-headed woodpecker

The white-headed woodpecker (Leuconotopicus albolarvatus) is a non-migratory woodpecker that resides in pine forests of the mountains of western North America.

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Wildlife conservation

Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting wild plant and animal species and their habitat.

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William Elford Leach

William Elford Leach, MD, FRS (2 February 1791 – 25 August 1836) was an English zoologist and marine biologist.

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Williamson's sapsucker

Williamson's sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus) is a medium-sized woodpecker belonging to the genus Sphyrapicus (sapsuckers).

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Woodboring beetle

The term woodboring beetle encompasses many species and families of beetles whose larval or adult forms eat and destroy wood (i.e., are xylophagous).

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Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.

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The wrynecks (genus Jynx) are a small but distinctive group of small Old World woodpeckers.

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Yellow-bellied sapsucker

The yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) is a medium-sized woodpecker that breeds in Canada and the north-northeastern United States.

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Yellow-crowned woodpecker

The yellow-crowned woodpecker (Leiopicus mahrattensis) or Mahratta woodpecker is a species of small pied woodpecker found in the Indian subcontinent.

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In the geologic timescale the Ypresian is the oldest age or lowest stratigraphic stage of the Eocene.

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Yungipicus is a genus of woodpeckers in the (family Picidae) native to Asia.

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Redirects here:

Picidae, Wood pecker, Woodpecker (bird), Woodpeckers.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodpecker

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