401 relations: A. Mitchell Palmer, A. Scott Berg, Abolitionism in the United States, Abraham Lincoln, Academy, Adam Tooze, Adamson Act, Albert S. Burleson, Alien (law), Allies of World War I, American Civil War, American Experience, American Federation of Labor, American football, American Historical Association, American Political Science Association, American Presidents: Life Portraits, American Revolution, American Whig–Cliosophic Society, Andrew Fleming West, Andrew Jackson, Apostolic Palace, Arkansas, Arkhangelsk, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Arras, Art Students League of New York, Arteriosclerosis, Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, August Heckscher II, Augusta, Georgia, Bainbridge Colby, Balfour Declaration, Bernard Baruch, Blockade of Germany, Bolsheviks, Bordeaux, Border states (American Civil War), Bright's disease, Bryan–Chamorro Treaty, Bryn Mawr College, C-SPAN, Carlisle, Cumbria, Carpetbagger, Carter Glass, Cary T. Grayson, Casus belli, Center fielder, Central bank, Central Powers, ..., Centre College, Champ Clark, Charles Evans Hughes, Chicago race riot of 1919, Child labour, Christina Romer, Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, CNN Sports Illustrated, Colorado Fuel and Iron, Columbia Theological Seminary, Columbia, South Carolina, Committee on Public Information, Communist Party USA, Competition law, Confederate States Army, Confederate States of America, Congressional Research Service, Congressional Research Service reports, Conscription, Cornell University, County Tyrone, Czech language, Czechoslovak Legion, Darryl F. Zanuck, David F. Houston, Davidson College, Daylight saving time, Dead letter office, Declaration of war by the United States, Democratic Party (United States), Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Doctor of Philosophy, Dominican Republic, Dyslexia, Eating club, Edith Wilson, Edmund Morris (writer), Edward M. House, Edwin T. Meredith, Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Eleanor Wilson McAdoo, Electrical engineering, Ellen Axson Wilson, Embassy Row, Erich Ludendorff, Espionage Act of 1917, Eugene V. Debs, Evelyn College for Women, Federal Farm Loan Act, Federal Fuel Administration, Federal Reserve Act, Federal Reserve Bank, Federal Reserve System, Federal Trade Commission, Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, First Presbyterian Church (Augusta, Georgia), First Presbyterian Church (Columbia, South Carolina), First Presbyterian Church (Wilmington, North Carolina), First Red Scare, First Republic of Armenia, Food and Fuel Control Act, Fourteen Points, Francis Landey Patton, Francisco I. Madero, Frank S. Katzenbach, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franklin Knight Lane, Furnifold McLendel Simmons, Gainesville, Georgia, George Brinton McClellan Harvey, George Creel, George F. Kennan, Ghent, Giulio Gatti-Casazza, Glasgow, Gold certificate, Governor of New Jersey, Great Depression, Grover Cleveland, Guerrilla warfare, H. W. Brands, Harper's Magazine, Henry Morgenthau Sr., Herbert Hoover, Historian, Historical rankings of presidents of the United States, History of the United States Democratic Party, Immigration Act of 1918, Income tax in the United States, Industrial Workers of the World, Initiative, International Committee of the Red Cross, Intertitle, Irreconcilables, Irving Literary Society (Cornell University), James Clark McReynolds, James Edgar Martine, James Fairman Fielder, James M. Cox, James Smith Jr., Jefferson Literary and Debating Society, Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre, Johann Heinrich von Bernstorff, John Aikman Stewart, John Alden Dix, John Barton Payne, John D. Rockefeller Jr., John F. Kennedy, John Franklin Fort, John Hessin Clarke, John J. Pershing, John M. Cooper (historian), John Maynard Keynes, Johns Hopkins University, Joseph Patrick Tumulty, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, Josephus Daniels, Joshua W. Alexander, Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra, Judson Harmon, Kalorama, Washington, D.C., Keating–Owen Act, Ku Klux Klan, Labor history of the United States, Lake District, Large denominations of United States currency, Léon Bourgeois, League of Nations, League of Nations mandate, Liberty bond, Library of Congress, Lindley Miller Garrison, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s), List of Governors of New Jersey, List of Presidents of the United States, List of presidents of the United States by age, List of residences of Presidents of the United States, List of United States Democratic Party presidential tickets, Lost Cause of the Confederacy, Louis Brandeis, Ludlow Massacre, Lyon, Magna Carta, Major depressive disorder, Margaret Woodrow Wilson, Marseille, McGeorge Bundy, Miller Center of Public Affairs, Monmouth University, Montevideo, NAACP, National American Woman Suffrage Association, National Bureau of Economic Research, National Highway System (United States), National Historic Landmark, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, National Trust for Historic Preservation, National Woman's Party, Nelson W. Aldrich, New Deal, New Jersey General Assembly, New Jersey gubernatorial election, 1910, New Jersey Hall of Fame, New Jersey Senate, New Jersey State Library, New York Law School, New York Post, Newton D. Baker, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Nobel Peace Prize, Northern Ireland, October Revolution, Omaha race riot of 1919, Op-ed, Oscar Underwood, Oswald Garrison Villard, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Palmer Raids, Panama, Pancho Villa, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Parliamentary system, Paul Warburg, PBS, Peasant, Pennsylvania Avenue, Persistent vegetative state, Peter Balakian, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Psi, Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company, Political science, Political Science Quarterly, Politics of New Jersey, Pope, Pope Benedict XV, Potomac River, Prague, Praha hlavní nádraží, Presbyterian Church in the United States, President of Princeton University, President of the United States, Price discrimination, Prince Maximilian of Baden, Princeton University, Progressivism, Progressivism in the United States, Prohibition in the United States, Pueblo, Colorado, Race (human categorization), Racial Equality Proposal, Racial segregation in the United States, Radical Republican, Rambla of Montevideo, Recall election, Reconstruction era, Red Summer, Referendum, Republican Party (United States), Retinal, Revenue Act of 1913, Richard G. Hovannisian, Richard T. Ely, RMS Lusitania, Robert E. Lee, Robert Lansing, Robert Latham Owen, Rome, Georgia, Samuel Gompers, Samuel J. Tilden, Sarcophagus, Savannah, Georgia, Scotch-Irish Americans, Second Battle of the Somme (1918), Sedition, Sedition Act of 1918, Separation of powers, Shadow Lawn (New Jersey), Shorthand, Silent Sentinels, Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Slavery in the United States, Smith–Lever Act of 1914, Southern United States, Speakeasy, SS Arabic (1902), SS George Washington, SS Sussex, State legislature (United States), State of the Union, Staunton, Virginia, Steubenville, Ohio, Strabane, Strasbourg, Stroke, Suffrage, Sugar Intervention, Supreme Court of the United States, Supreme War Council, Sussex pledge, Tariff, Tariffs in United States history, Temperance movement, The Birth of a Nation, The Inquiry, The New Freedom, The Saturday Evening Post, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Dixon Jr., Thomas Jefferson, Thomas R. Marshall, Thomas Watt Gregory, Totalitarianism, Trans-Siberian Railway, Transient ischemic attack, Treaty of Versailles, Trocadéro, Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Unemployment benefits, United States Constitution, United States courts of appeals, United States Department of Justice, United States district court, United States elections, 1922, United States Food Administration, United States House of Representatives, United States occupation of Haiti, United States occupation of Nicaragua, United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916–24), United States occupation of Veracruz, United States Post Office Department, United States presidential election in California, 1916, United States presidential election in Minnesota, 1916, United States presidential election, 1848, United States presidential election, 1908, United States presidential election, 1912, United States presidential election, 1916, United States presidential election, 1924, University of Virginia School of Law, Vance C. McCormick, Vaudeville, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Virginia Glee Club, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Vivian M. Lewis, Vladivostok, Volstead Act, Vox (website), W. E. B. Du Bois, Wall Street, Walter Bagehot, Walter Lippmann, War bond, War Industries Board, Warren G. Harding, Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C., Wesleyan University, Westminster system, White House Records Office, William Bauchop Wilson, William C. Redfield, William F. McCombs, William Gibbs McAdoo, William Howard Taft, William Jennings Bryan, William M. Leary, William Monroe Trotter, William Randolph Hearst, Wilmington, North Carolina, Wilson (1944 film), Wilson (book), Wilsonianism, Women's suffrage, Women's suffrage in the United States, Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home, Woodrow Wilson Bridge, Woodrow Wilson Foundation, Woodrow Wilson House (Washington, D.C.), Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Woodrow Wilson Monument, Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, World Series, World War I, Zachary Taylor, Zimmermann Telegram, 1912 Democratic National Convention, 20th Century Fox. Expand index (351 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Mitchell Palmer (May 4, 1872 – May 11, 1936), best known as A. Mitchell Palmer, was United States Attorney General from 1919 to 1921.
Andrew Scott Berg (born December 4, 1949) is an American biographer.
Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
Adam Tooze (born 1967) is a British historian who is a professor at Columbia University.
The Adamson Act was a United States federal law passed in 1916 that established an eight-hour workday, with additional pay for overtime work, for interstate railroad workers.
Albert Sidney Burleson (June 7, 1863 – November 24, 1937) was a conservative Democrat and United States Postmaster General and Representative.
In law, an alien is a person who is not a national of a given country, though definitions and terminology differ to some degree.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Experience is a television program airing on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television stations in the United States.
The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor union.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The American Historical Association (AHA) is the oldest and largest society of historians and professors of history in the United States.
The American Political Science Association (APSA) is a professional association of political science students and scholars in the United States.
American Presidents: Life Portraits is a series produced by C-SPAN in 1999.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Whig–Cliosophic Society (Whig-Clio) is a political, literary, and debating society at Princeton University and the oldest debate union in the United States.
Andrew Fleming West was an American classicist, and first dean of the Graduate School at Princeton University.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
The Apostolic Palace (Palatium Apostolicum; Palazzo Apostolico) is the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope and Bishop of Rome, which is located in Vatican City.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
Arkhangelsk (p), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, in the north of European Russia.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
The Art Students League of New York is an art school located on West 57th Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York.
Arteriosclerosis is the thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries.
Article 231, often known as the War Guilt Clause, was the opening article of the reparations section of the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the First World War between the German Empire and the Allied and Associated Powers.
August Heckscher II (September 16, 1913 – April 5, 1997) was an American public intellectual and author whose work explored the American liberalism of political leaders including Woodrow Wilson.
Augusta, officially Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia.
Bainbridge Colby (December 22, 1869 – April 11, 1950) was an American lawyer, a political progressive, a co-founder of the United States Progressive Party and Woodrow Wilson's last Secretary of State.
The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population (around 3–5% of the total).
Bernard Mannes Baruch (August 19, 1870 – June 20, 1965) was an American financier, stock investor, philanthropist, statesman, and political consultant.
The Blockade of Germany, or the Blockade of Europe, occurred from 1914 to 1919.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
In the context of the American Civil War (1861–65), the border states were slave states that did not declare a secession from the Union and did not join the Confederacy.
Bright's disease is a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis.
The Bryan–Chamorro Treaty was signed between Nicaragua and The United States on August 5, 1914.
Bryn Mawr College (Welsh) is a women's liberal arts college in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is the county town of Cumbria.
In the history of the United States, a carpetbagger was any person from the Northern United States who came to the Southern states after the American Civil War and was perceived to be exploiting the local populace for their own purposes.
Carter Glass (January 4, 1858 – May 28, 1946) was an American newspaper publisher and Democratic politician from Lynchburg, Virginia.
Rear Admiral Cary Travers Grayson (October 11, 1878 – February 15, 1938) was a surgeon in the United States Navy who served a variety of roles from personal aide to President Woodrow Wilson to chairman of the American Red Cross.
Casus belli is a Latin expression meaning "an act or event that provokes or is used to justify war" (literally, "a case of war").
A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field – the baseball fielding position between left field and right field.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Centre College is a private liberal arts college located in Danville, Kentucky, a community of approximately 16,000 in Boyle County, about 35 miles (55 km) south of Lexington, Kentucky.
James Beauchamp "Champ" Clark (March 7, 1850 – March 2, 1921) was a prominent American politician in the Democratic Party from the 1890s until his death.
Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, Republican politician, and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States.
The Chicago race riot of 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois, on July 27, 1919, and ended on August 3.
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
Christina Duckworth Romer (née Duckworth; born December 25, 1958) is the Class of 1957 Garff B. Wilson Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley and a former Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Obama administration.
The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 (codified at), was a part of United States antitrust law with the goal of adding further substance to the U.S. antitrust law regime; the Clayton Act sought to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency.
CNN Sports Illustrated (CNNSI) was a 24-hour sports news channel.
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company (CF&I) was a large steel concentration.
Columbia Theological Seminary is a seminary in Decatur, Georgia.
Columbia is the capital and second largest city of the U.S. state of South Carolina, with a population estimate of 134,309 as of 2016.
The Committee on Public Information, also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee, was an independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence public opinion to support US participation in World War I. In just over 26 months, from April 14, 1917, to June 30, 1919, it used every medium available to create enthusiasm for the war effort and to enlist public support against the foreign and perceived domestic attempts to stop America's participation in the war.
The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) is a communist political party in the United States established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
Reports by the Congressional Research Service, usually referred to as CRS Reports, are the encyclopedic research reports written to clearly define issues in a legislative context.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
County Tyrone is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czechoslovak Legion (Československé legie in Czech and Slovak) were volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs with a small number of Slovaks (approximately 8 percent) fighting together with the Entente powers during World War I. Their goal was to win the Allied Powers' support for the independence of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austrian Empire and of Slovak territories from the Kingdom of Hungary, which were then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902December 22, 1979) was an American film producer and studio executive; he earlier contributed stories for films starting in the silent era.
David Franklin Houston (February 17, 1866 – September 2, 1940) was an American academic, businessman and conservative Democratic politician.
Davidson College is a private liberal arts college in Davidson, North Carolina with a historic 665-acre main campus and a 110-acre lake campus on Lake Norman.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
A dead letter office (DLO) is a facility within a postal system where undeliverable mail is processed.
A declaration of war is a formal declaration issued by a national government indicating that a state of war exists between that nation and another.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
An eating club is a social club found in American universities.
Edith Wilson (née Bolling, formerly Edith Bolling Galt; October 15, 1872 – December 28, 1961), second wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, was the First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921.
Edmund Morris (born May 27, 1940) is a British-American writer best known for his biographies of United States Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan.
Edward Mandell House (July 26, 1858 – March 28, 1938) was an American diplomat, politician, and an adviser to President Woodrow Wilson.
Edwin Thomas Meredith (December 23, 1876June 17, 1928) was founder of the Meredith Corporation and was the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture in President Woodrow Wilson's administration.
The Eighteenth Amendment (Amendment XVIII) of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
Eleanor Randolph Wilson McAdoo (October 16, 1889 – April 5, 1967) was the youngest daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914), was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson and the mother of their three daughters.
Embassy Row is the informal name for the section of Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. between Scott Circle and the North side of the United States Naval Observatory, in which embassies, diplomatic missions, and other diplomatic representations are concentrated.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years.
Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American democratic socialist political activist and trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
Evelyn College for Women, often shortened to Evelyn College, was the coordinate women's college of Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey between 1887 and 1897.
The Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916 was a United States federal law aimed at increasing credit to rural family farmers.
The Federal Fuel Administration was a World War I-era agency of the Federal government of the United States established by of August 23, 1917 pursuant to the Food and Fuel Control Act, managed use of coal and oil.
The Federal Reserve Act (ch. 6,, enacted December 23, 1913) is an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System (the central banking system of the United States), and which created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes (commonly known as the US Dollar) as legal tender.
A Federal Reserve Bank is a regional bank of the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914 established the Federal Trade Commission.
First Presbyterian Church is an historic Presbyterian church located at 642 Telfair Street in Augusta, Georgia in the United States.
The First Presbyterian Church is a historic church building in Columbia, South Carolina.
First Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian church in Wilmington, North Carolina.
The First Red Scare was a period during the early 20th-century history of the United States marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism, due to real and imagined events; real events included those such as the Russian Revolution and anarchist bombings.
The First Republic of Armenia, officially known at the time of its existence as the Republic of Armenia (classical Հայաստանի Հանրապետութիւն), was the first modern Armenian state since the loss of Armenian statehood in the Middle Ages.
The Food and Fuel Control Act,, also called the Lever Act or the Lever Food Act was a World War I era US law that among other things created the United States Food Administration and the Federal Fuel Administration.
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
Francis Landey Patton (February 22, 1843 – November 25, 1932), American educator, academic administrator, and theologian, and the twelfth president of Princeton University.
Francisco Ignacio Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a Mexican revolutionary, writer and statesman who served as the 33rd president of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913.
Frank Snowden Katzenbach, Jr. (November 5, 1868 – March 13, 1929) was an American jurist and Democratic party politician from New Jersey.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Franklin Knight Lane (July 15, 1864 – May 18, 1921) was a political progressive and American Democratic politician from California who served as United States Secretary of the Interior from 1913 to 1920.
Furnifold McLendel Simmons (January 20, 1854April 30, 1940) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1887 to March 4, 1889 and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between March 4, 1901 and March 4, 1931.
The city of Gainesville is the county seat of Hall County, Georgia, United States.
George Brinton McClellan Harvey (February 16, 1864 - August 20, 1928) was an American diplomat, journalist, author, street railway magnate, and editor of several magazines.
George Edward Creel (December 1, 1876 – October 2, 1953) was an investigative journalist and writer, a politician and government official.
George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 – March 17, 2005) was an American diplomat and historian.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Giulio Gatti-Casazza (3 February 1869 – 2 September 1940) was an Italian opera manager.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
A gold certificate in general is a certificate of ownership that gold owners hold instead of storing the actual gold.
The Governor of the State of New Jersey is head of the executive branch of New Jersey's state government.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Henry William Brands Jr. (born August 7, 1953 in Portland, Oregon) is an American educator, author and historian.
Harper's Magazine (also called Harper's) is a monthly magazine of literature, politics, culture, finance, and the arts.
Henry Morgenthau (April 26, 1856 – November 25, 1946) was an American lawyer, businessman and United States ambassador, most famous as the American ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
In political studies, surveys have been conducted in order to construct historical rankings of the success of individuals who have served as President of the United States.
The Democratic Party is the oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States, tracing its heritage back to the anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party of the 1790s.
The United States Immigration Act of 1918 (ch. 186) was enacted on October 16, 1918.
Income taxes in the United States are imposed by the federal, most state, and many local governments.
The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), members of which are commonly termed "Wobblies", is an international labor union that was founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois in the United States of America.
In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (referendum, sometimes called a plebiscite).
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.
The Irreconcilables were bitter opponents of the Treaty of Versailles in the United States in 1919.
The Irving Literary Society (also known as the Irving Literary Association or simply The Irving) was a literary society at Cornell University active from 1868 to 1887.
James Clark McReynolds (February 3, 1862 – August 24, 1946) was an American lawyer and judge who served as United States Attorney General under President Woodrow Wilson and as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
James Edgar Martine (August 25, 1850February 26, 1925) was an American Democratic Party politician who served as United States Senator from New Jersey.
James Fairman Fielder (February 26, 1867 – December 2, 1954) was an American politician of the Democratic party, who served as the 35th Governor of New Jersey, from 1913 to 1917, with a break of several months when he stepped down from office to avoid constitutional limits on serving successive terms.
James Middleton Cox (March 31, 1870 July 15, 1957) was the 46th and 48th Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Representative from Ohio, and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in the election of 1920.
James Smith Jr. (June 12, 1851April 1, 1927) was a newspaper publisher and US Senator from New Jersey.
The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society (commonly known as the Jefferson Society or "Jeff Soc") is the oldest student organization at the University of Virginia, having been founded on July 14, 1825, in Room Seven, West Lawn.
Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre (August 28, 1887 – January 15, 1933) was a daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.
Johann Heinrich Graf von Bernstorff (14 November 1862 – 6 October 1939) was a German politician and the ambassador to the United States from 1908 to 1917.
John Aikman Stewart (August 26, 1822 – December 18, 1926) was a New York City banker who during the administration of Grover Cleveland replenished the nation's gold supply by issuing new bonds.
John Alden Dix (December 25, 1860 – April 9, 1928) was an American businessman and politician who served as 38th Governor of New York from January 1911 to December 1912.
John Barton Payne (January 26, 1855January 24, 1935) was an American politician, lawyer and judge.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (January 29, 1874 – May 11, 1960) was an American financier and philanthropist who was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Franklin Fort (March 20, 1852 – November 17, 1920) was an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 33rd Governor of New Jersey, from 1908–1911.
John Hessin Clarke (September 18, 1857 – March 22, 1945) was an American lawyer and judge who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1916 to 1922.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
John Milton Cooper Jr. (born 1940) is an American historian, author, and educator.
John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946), was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
Joseph Patrick "Joe" Tumulty (pronounced TUM-ulty) (May 5, 1879 – April 9, 1954) was an American attorney and politician from New Jersey.
Joseph Ruggles Wilson Sr. (February 28, 1822 – January 21, 1903) was a prominent Presbyterian theologian and father of President Woodrow Wilson, Nashville Banner editor Joseph Ruggles Wilson Jr., and Anne E. Wilson Howe.
Josephus Daniels (May 18, 1862 – January 15, 1948) was a progressive Democrat, and newspaper editor and publisher from North Carolina who became active in politics.
Joshua Willis Alexander (January 22, 1852 – February 27, 1936) was United States Secretary of Commerce from December 16, 1919 - March 4, 1921 in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson.
Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra (November 15, 1846 – May 9, 1919) was a Dominican political figure.
Judson Harmon (February 3, 1846February 22, 1927) was a Democratic politician from Ohio.
The Kalorama area within the Northwest Quadrant of Washington, D.C. includes the residential neighborhoods of Kalorama Triangle and Sheridan-Kalorama. The area is accessible from the Dupont Circle and Woodley Park Metro stations, as well as various bus lines.
The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 also known as Wick's Bill, was a short-lived statute enacted by the U.S. Congress which sought to address child labor by prohibiting the sale in interstate commerce of goods produced by factories that employed children under fourteen, mines that employed children younger than sixteen, and any facility where children under fourteen worked after 7:00 p.m. or before 6:00 a.m. or more than eight hours daily.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
The labor history of the United States describes the history of organized labor, US labor law, and more general history of working people, in the United States.
The Lake District, also known as the Lakes or Lakeland, is a mountainous region in North West England.
Large denominations of United States currency greater than $100 were circulated by the United States Treasury until 1969.
Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (21 May 185129 September 1925) was a French statesman.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
A Liberty bond (or liberty loan) was a war bond that was sold in the United States to support the allied cause in World War I. Subscribing to the bonds became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States and introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Lindley Miller Garrison (November 28, 1864 – October 19, 1932) was a New Jersey lawyer who served as Secretary of War under U.S. President Woodrow Wilson between 1913 and 1916.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.
The Governor of New Jersey is the head of the executive branch of New Jersey's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
This is a list of presidents of the United States by age.
Official residences (such as, the White House, Camp David, or the former President's House in Philadelphia) are not the only residences of Presidents of the United States.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the modern Democratic Party of the United States.
The Lost Cause of the Confederacy, or simply the Lost Cause, is an ideological movement that describes the Confederate cause as a heroic one against great odds despite its defeat.
Louis Dembitz Brandeis (November 13, 1856 – October 5, 1941) was an American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1916 to 1939.
The Ludlow Massacre was a labor conflict: the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel and Iron Company guards attacked a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914, with the National Guard using machine guns to fire into the colony.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Margaret Woodrow Wilson (April 16, 1886 – February 12, 1944) was the eldest daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
McGeorge "Mac" Bundy (March 30, 1919 – September 16, 1996) was an American expert in foreign and defense policy, serving as United States National Security Advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 through 1966.
The Miller Center is a nonpartisan affiliate of the University of Virginia that specializes in United States presidential scholarship, public policy, and political history and strives to apply the lessons of history to the nation’s most pressing contemporary governance challenges.
Monmouth University is a private university located in West Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans by a group, including, W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.
The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was an organization formed on February 18, 1890 to advocate in favor of women's suffrage in the United States.
The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is an American private nonprofit research organization "committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community." The NBER is well known for providing start and end dates for recessions in the United States.
The National Highway System (NHS) is a network of strategic highways within the United States, including the Interstate Highway System and other roads serving major airports, ports, rail or truck terminals, railway stations, pipeline terminals and other strategic transport facilities.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately funded, nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., that works in the field of historic preservation in the United States.
The National Woman's Party (NWP) was an American women's organization formed in 1916 as an outgrowth of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, which had been formed in 1913 by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to fight for women's suffrage.
Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich (November 6, 1841 – April 16, 1915) was a prominent American politician and a leader of the Republican Party in the United States Senate, where he served from 1881 to 1911.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The New Jersey General Assembly is the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature.
The New Jersey gubernatorial election of 1910 was a race for Governor of New Jersey held on November 8, 1910.
The New Jersey Hall of Fame is an organization that honors individuals from the U.S. state of New Jersey who have made contributions to society and the world beyond.
The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council.
The New Jersey State Library, based in Trenton, New Jersey, was established in 1796 to serve the information needs of New Jersey's Governor, Legislature and courts.
New York Law School is an ABA-accredited private law school that was founded in 1891 in the Tribeca neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.
Newton Diehl Baker Jr. (December 3, 1871December 25, 1937) was an American lawyer, Georgist,Noble, Ransom E. "Henry George and the Progressive Movement." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol.
The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Omaha race riot occurred in Omaha, Nebraska, September 28–29, 1919.
An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page" although often taken to stand for "opinion editorial") is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board.
Oscar Wilder Underwood (May 6, 1862 – January 25, 1929) was an American lawyer and politician from Alabama, and also a candidate for President of the United States in 1912 and 1924.
Oswald Garrison Villard (March 13, 1872 – October 1, 1949) was an American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post. He was a civil rights activist, a founding member of the NAACP.
Paisley (Pàislig, Paisley) is the largest town in the historic county of Renfrewshire in the west central Lowlands of Scotland and serves as the administrative centre for the Renfrewshire council area.
The Palmer Raids were a series of raids conducted by the United States Department of Justice under the administration of President Woodrow Wilson to capture and arrest suspected radical leftists, especially anarchists, and deport them from the United States.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Paul Moritz Warburg (August 10, 1868 – January 24, 1932) was an American banker born in Germany, and an early advocate of the U.S. Federal Reserve System.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Pennsylvania Avenue is a street in Washington, D.C. that connects the White House and the United States Capitol.
A persistent vegetative state (PVS) is a disorder of consciousness in which patients with severe brain damage are in a state of partial arousal rather than true awareness.
Peter Balakian (Փիթըր Պալաքեան, born June 13, 1951) is an Armenian American poet, writer and academic, the Donald M. and Constance H. Rebar Professor of Humanities at Colgate University.
The Phi Beta Kappa Society (ΦΒΚ) is the oldest academic honor society in the United States.
Phi Kappa Psi (ΦΚΨ), commonly known as Phi Psi, is an American collegiate social fraternity that was founded by William Henry Letterman and Charles Page Thomas Moore in the southwest corner of the second floor of Widow Letterman's home on the campus of Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania on February 19, 1852.
Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Buffalo, New York, which was active from 1901 to 1938.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Political Science Quarterly is an American double blind peer-reviewed academic journal covering government, politics, and policy, published since 1886 by the Academy of Political Science.
New Jersey is one of the fifty United States states.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
The Potomac River is located within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States and flows from the Potomac Highlands into the Chesapeake Bay.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Praha hlavní nádraží (Prague main railway station, abbreviated Praha hl.n) is the largest and most important railway station in Prague in the Czech Republic.
The Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS, originally Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America) was a Protestant Christian denomination in the Southern and border states of the United States that existed from 1861 to 1983.
Princeton University is led by a President selected by the Board of Trustees.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Price discrimination is a microeconomic pricing strategy where identical or largely similar goods or services are transacted at different prices by the same provider in different markets.
Maximilian, Margrave of Baden (Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm; 10 July 1867 – 6 November 1929),Almanach de Gotha.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Progressivism is the support for or advocacy of improvement of society by reform.
Progressivism in the United States is a broadly based reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century and is generally considered to be middle class and reformist in nature.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Pueblo is a home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County, Colorado, United States.
A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society.
The Racial Equality Proposal was an amendment to the treaty under consideration at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference offered by Japan.
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, includes the segregation or separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party of the United States from around 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
The Rambla of Montevideo is the avenue that goes all along the coastline of Montevideo, Uruguay, and also the longest continuous sidewalk in the world.
A recall election (also called a recall referendum or representative recall) is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Red Summer refers to the summer and early autumn of 1919, which was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the United States, as a result of racial riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities and one rural county.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Retinal is also known as retinaldehyde.
The Revenue Act of 1913, also known as the Tariff Act, the Underwood Tariff, the Underwood Act, the Underwood Tariff Act, or the Underwood-Simmons Act (ch. 16,, October 3, 1913), re-imposed the federal income tax after the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%, well below the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909.
Richard Gable Hovannisian (Ռիչարդ Հովհաննիսյան, born November 9, 1932) is an Armenian American historian and professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Richard Theodore Ely (April 13, 1854 – October 4, 1943) was an American economist, author, and leader of the Progressive movement who called for more government intervention in order to reform what they perceived as the injustices of capitalism, especially regarding factory conditions, compulsory education, child labor, and labor unions.
RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner and briefly the world's largest passenger ship.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Robert Lansing (October 17, 1864 – October 30, 1928) was an American lawyer and Conservative Democratic politician who served as Legal Advisor to the State Department at the outbreak of World War I, and then as United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson from 1915 to 1920.
Robert Latham Owen Jr. (February 2, 1856July 19, 1947) was one of the first two U.S. senators from Oklahoma.
Rome is the largest city in and the county seat of Floyd County, Georgia, United States.
Samuel Gompers (January 27, 1850December 13, 1924) was an English-born American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history.
Samuel Jones Tilden (February 9, 1814 – August 4, 1886) was the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for president in the disputed election of 1876.
A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.
Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from late August to early September, in the basin of the River Somme.
Sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.
The Sedition Act of 1918 was an Act of the United States Congress that extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government or the war effort in a negative light or interfered with the sale of government bonds.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Shadow Lawn is a historic building in West Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to longhand, a more common method of writing a language.
The Silent Sentinels were a group of women in favor of women's suffrage organized by Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party.
The Sixteenth Amendment (Amendment XVI) to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.
Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Smith–Lever Act of 1914 is a United States federal law that established a system of cooperative extension services, connected to the land-grant universities, in order to inform people about current developments in agriculture, home economics, public policy/government, leadership, 4-H, economic development, coastal issues (National Sea Grant College Program), and many other related subjects.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
A speakeasy, also called a blind pig or blind tiger, is an illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages.
SS Arabic was a British-registered ocean liner that entered service in 1903 for the White Star Line.
SS George Washington was an ocean liner built in 1908 for the Bremen-based North German Lloyd and was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States.
Sussex was a cross-English Channel passenger ferry, built in 1896 for the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR).
A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states.
The State of the Union Address is an annual message presented by the President of the United States to a joint session of the United States Congress, except in the first year of a new president's term.
Staunton is an independent city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia.
Steubenville is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Ohio, United States.
Strabane, historically spelt Straban, is a town in west Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
The Sugar Intervention refers to the events in Cuba between 1917 and 1922, when the United States Marine Corps was stationed on the island.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Supreme War Council was a central command that coordinate Allied military strategy during World War I. It was founded in 1917, and was based in Versailles.
The Sussex Pledge was a promise made by Germany to the United States in 1916, during World War I before the latter entered the war.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
The tariff history of the United States spans from colonial times to present.
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
The Inquiry was a study group established in September 1917 by Woodrow Wilson to prepare materials for the peace negotiations following World War I. The group, composed of around 150 academics, was directed by presidential adviser Edward House and supervised directly by philosopher Sidney Mezes.
The New Freedom was Woodrow Wilson's campaign platform in the 1912 presidential election in which he called for limited government, and is also used to refer to the progressive programs enacted by Wilson during his first term as president from 1913 to 1916 while the Democrats controlled Congress.
The Saturday Evening Post is an American magazine published six times a year.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Thomas Frederick Dixon Jr. (January 11, 1864 – April 3, 1946) was a Southern Baptist minister, playwright, lecturer, North Carolina state legislator, lawyer, author, white supremacist and Ku Klux Klan apologist.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Thomas Riley Marshall (March 14, 1854 – June 1, 1925) was an American politician who served as the 28th Vice President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Thomas Watt Gregory (November 6, 1861February 26, 1933) was a political progressive and American attorney who served as United States Attorney General from 1914 to 1919, during President Woodrow Wilson's administration.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR, p) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East.
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by loss of blood flow (ischemia) in the brain, spinal cord, or retina, without tissue death (infarction).
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
The Trocadéro, site of the Palais de Chaillot, is an area of Paris, France, in the 16th arrondissement, across the Seine from the Eiffel Tower.
The Twenty-fifth Amendment (Amendment XXV) to the United States Constitution deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.
Unemployment benefits (depending on the jurisdiction also called unemployment insurance or unemployment compensation) are payments made by the state or other authorized bodies to unemployed people.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The 1922 United States elections were held on November 7, 1922.
During the United States participation in World War I the U. S. Food Administration was the responsible agency for the administration of the U.S. army overseas and allies' food reserves.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915, when 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the authority of US President Woodrow Wilson.
The United States occupation of Nicaragua from 1912 to 1933 was part of the Banana Wars, when the US military forcefully intervened in various Latin American countries from 1898 to 1934.
The first United States occupation of the Dominican Republic lasted from 1916 to 1924.
The United States occupation of Veracruz began with the Battle of Veracruz and lasted for seven months, as a response to the Tampico Affair of April 9, 1914.
The Post Office Department (1792–1971) was the predecessor of the United States Postal Service, in the form of a Cabinet department officially from 1872 to 1971.
The United States presidential election of 1848 was the 16th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1848.
The United States presidential election of 1908 was the 31st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1908.
The United States presidential election of 1912 was the 32nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1912.
The United States presidential election of 1916 was the 33rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1916.
The United States presidential election of 1924 was the 35th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1924.
The University of Virginia School of Law (Virginia Law or UVA Law) was founded in Charlottesville in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson as one of the original subjects taught at his "academical village," the University of Virginia.
Vance Criswell McCormick (June 19, 1872 – June 16, 1946) was an American politician and prominent businessman from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.
The Virginia Glee Club is a men's chorus based at the University of Virginia.
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (19 May 1860 – 1 December 1952) was an Italian statesman, known for representing Italy in the 1919 Paris Peace Conference with his foreign minister Sidney Sonnino.
Vivian M. Lewis (June 8, 1869 – March 14, 1950) was an American jurist and politician.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
The National Prohibition Act, known informally as the Volstead Act, was enacted to carry out the intent of the 18th Amendment (ratified January 1919), which established prohibition in the United States.
Vox is an American news and opinion website owned by Vox Media.
William Edward Burghardt "W.
Wall Street is an eight-block-long street running roughly northwest to southeast from Broadway to South Street, at the East River, in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City.
Walter Bagehot (3 February 1826 – 24 March 1877) was a British journalist, businessman, and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, and literature.
Walter Lippmann (September 23, 1889 – December 14, 1974) was an American writer, reporter, and political commentator famous for being among the first to introduce the concept of Cold War, coining the term "stereotype" in the modern psychological meaning, and critiquing media and democracy in his newspaper column and several books, most notably his 1922 book Public Opinion.
War bonds are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war.
The War Industries Board (WIB) was a United States government agency established on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies between the War Department (Department of the Army) and the Navy Department.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of Washington, commonly known as Washington National Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Episcopal Church located in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college in Middletown, Connecticut, founded in 1831.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
The White House Records Office was a permanent office staffed by civil service employees who remained in their jobs over the course of many administrations.
William Bauchop Wilson (April 2, 1862 – May 25, 1934) was a Scottish-born American labor leader and progressive politician.
William Cox Redfield (June 18, 1858 – June 13, 1932) was a Democratic politician from New York.
William Frank McCombs (December 26, 1876 – February 22, 1921) was a lawyer who served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1912 through 1916.
William Gibbs McAdoo, Jr.McAdoo is variously differentiated from family members of the same name.
William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.
William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska.
William Matthew "Bill" Leary, Jr. (May 6, 1934 — February 24, 2006)Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014.
William Monroe Trotter (sometimes just Monroe Trotter, April 7, 1872 – April 7, 1934) was a newspaper editor and real estate businessman based in Boston, Massachusetts, and an activist for African-American civil rights.
William Randolph Hearst Sr. (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American businessman, politician, and newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company Hearst Communications and whose flamboyant methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing sensationalism and human interest stories.
Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.
Wilson is a 1944 American biographical film in Technicolor about the 28th American President Woodrow Wilson.
Wilson is a 2013 biography of the 28th President of the United States Woodrow Wilson by the Pulitzer Prize-winning author A. Scott Berg.
Wilsonianism or Wilsonian are words used to describe a certain type of ideological perspective on foreign policy.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
Women's suffrage in the United States of America, the legal right of women to vote, was established over the course of several decades, first in various states and localities, sometimes on a limited basis, and then nationally in 1920.
The Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home is a historic house museum at 419 7th Street in Augusta, Georgia.
The Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge (also known as the Woodrow Wilson Bridge or the Wilson Bridge) is a bascule bridge that spans the Potomac River between the independent city of Alexandria, Virginia, and Oxon Hill in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.
The Woodrow Wilson Foundation was an educational non-profit created in 1921, organized under the laws of New York, for the "perpetuation of Wilson's ideals" via periodic grants to worthy groups and individuals.
The Woodrow Wilson House was the residence of the Twenty-Eighth President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson after he left office.
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (or Wilson Center), located in Washington, D.C., is a United States Presidential Memorial that was established as part of the Smithsonian Institution by an act of Congress in 1968.
The Woodrow Wilson Monument is installed outside Praha hlavní nádraží in Prague, Czech Republic.
The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation is a private non-profit operating foundation based in Princeton, New Jersey.
The Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library houses Woodrow Wilson materials from during and immediately after his lifetime, memoirs of those who worked with him, and governmental volumes concerning World War I. The library is located at the Woodrow Wilson Birthplace, at 18–24 North Coalter Street in Staunton, Virginia.
The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs is a professional public policy school at Princeton University.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850.
The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmerman Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event that the United States entered World War I against Germany.
The 1912 Democratic National Convention was held at the Fifth Regiment Armory off North Howard Street in Baltimore from June 25 to July 2, 1912.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
28th President of the United States, Death of Woodrow Wilson, President Wilson, President Wilson's, President Woodrow Wilson, President wilson, T Woodrow Wilson, T. Woodrow Wilson, Thomas W. Wilson, Thomas Woodrow Wilson, Twenty-eighth President of the United States, W. Wilson, Wildrow Woodson, Wilson, Woodrow, Woodrow Wilson's, Woodrow wilson.