175 relations: Alkali, Allergic contact dermatitis, Alpaca fiber, Angora rabbit, Angora wool, Animal rights, Aran Islands, Aran jumper, Armidale, New South Wales, Arte della Lana, Auction, Aussiedown, Australia, Bedouin, Bendigo, Black Death, Bog body, Bradford, British Wool Marketing Board, Bronze, Camelid, Canvas work, Carbonization, Carding, Carpet, Cashmere goat, Cashmere wool, Castile (historical region), Champagne fairs, Chiengora, China, Cistercians, Cloth diaper, Colorado, Combing, Comeback sheep, Constantinople, Corriedale, Cosmetics, Cotton, Crêpe (textile), Cuticle (hair), Cyprus, Dermis, Detergent, Dorset Horn, Drysdale sheep, Dyeing, Economies of scale, Elasticity (physics), ..., Elliotdale, Epidermis, Ermenegildo Zegna, Felt, Fernand Braudel, Fiber, Fiber art, Finishing (textiles), Flame spread, Flanders, Formaldehyde, Francesco Datini, Fremantle, Fulling, Gale (publisher), Geography of Spain, Ghent, Glossary of sheep husbandry, Glossary of textile manufacturing, Glove, Hair follicle, Harris Tweed, Heavy Woollen District, House of Lords, House of Medici, Hydrophile, Hygroscopy, India, Industrial Revolution, International Wool Textile Organisation, International Year of Natural Fibres, Iran, Iron Age, Karakul sheep, Kemp (wool), Kevlar, Knitting, Lambswool, Lanolin, Leather, Lincoln sheep, Linen, Llama, Lopi, Loro Piana, Low Countries, Luxury goods, Mallorca, Melbourne, Merino, Mohair, Mouflon, Mulesing, Muskox, Naples, Natural fiber, Natural History (Pliny), Navigation Acts, New England (New South Wales), New Mexico, Newcastle, New South Wales, Noil, North Sea, North West England, Northern Tablelands, Nylon, Owling (legal term), Padding, Pashmina, Pasture, Pill (textile), Pliny the Elder, Polypropylene, Potash, Potash pit, Protein, Provins, Qiviut, Rambouillet sheep, Renaissance, Restoration (England), RMIT University, Roman Empire, Romney sheep, Scotland, Shahtoosh, Sheep, Sheep farming, Sheep shearing, Sicily, Silk, Silk Road, Skin, Sleeping bag, Spain, Spinning (textiles), Staple (wool), Statue, Suffolk sheep, Swaddling, Sydney, Taranto, Texas, Textile, Textile manufacturing, The Natural Fibre Company, Tibetan fur, Timeline of clothing and textiles technology, Tuareg people, Tweed (cloth), Victoria (Australia), Walcha News, Walcha, New South Wales, Warp and weft, Weaving, West Yorkshire, Wool bale, Wool classing, Wool measurement, Woolen, Woolsack, Worshipful Company of Woolmen, Worsted, Yarn, Ypres. Expand index (125 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a form of contact dermatitis that is the manifestation of an allergic response caused by contact with a substance; the other type being irritant contact dermatitis (ICD).
Alpaca fleece is the natural fiber harvested from an alpaca.
The Angora rabbit (Ankara tavşanı), which is one of the oldest types of domestic rabbit, is bred for the long fibers of its coat, known as Angora wool, that are gathered by shearing, combing, or plucking.
Angora hair or Angora fibre refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
The Aran Islands (Oileáin Árann—pronunciation) or The Arans (na hÁrainneacha—) are a group of three islands located at the mouth of Galway Bay, on the west coast of Ireland, with a total area of about.
The Aran jumper (Irish: Geansaí Árann) is a style of jumperCollins English Dictionary, Standard (1979) that takes its name from the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland.
Armidale is a city in the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia.
The Arte della Lana was the wool guild of Florence during the Late Middle Ages and in the Renaissance.
An auction is a process of buying and selling goods or services by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder.
Aussiedown sheep are an Australian breed of sheep that was developed in the early 1990s using Southdown and Texel genetics.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Bedouin (badawī) are a grouping of nomadic Arab peoples who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant.
Bendigo is a city in Victoria, Australia, located very close to the geographical centre of the state and approximately north west of the state capital, Melbourne.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
A bog body is a human cadaver that has been naturally mummified in a peat bog.
Bradford is in the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines west of Leeds, and northwest of Wakefield.
The British Wool Marketing Board operates the central marketing system for UK fleece wool.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
Camelids are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda.
Canvas work is a type of embroidery in which yarn is stitched through a canvas or other foundation fabric.
Carbonization (or carbonisation) is the conversion of an organic substance into carbon or a carbon-containing residue through pyrolysis or destructive distillation.
Carding is a mechanical process that disentangles, cleans and intermixes fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
A cashmere goat is a breed of goat that produces cashmere wool, the goat's fine, soft, downy, winter undercoat, in commercial quality and quantity.
Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, is a luxury fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat.
Castile is a vaguely defined historical region of Spain.
The Champagne fairs were an annual cycle of trading fairs held in towns in the Champagne and Brie regions of France in the Middle Ages.
Chiengora is a yarn or wool spun from dog hair.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist, SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), or ‘’’OCSO’’’ (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), which are religious orders of monks and nuns. They are also known as “Trappists”; as Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cuccula worn by Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of many monasteries. A reform movement seeking to restore the simpler lifestyle of the original Cistercians began in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, leading eventually to the Holy See’s reorganization in 1892 of reformed houses into a single order Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. Cistercians who did not observe these reforms became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century.
A cloth diaper is a reusable diaper made from natural fibers, man-made materials, or a combination of both.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Combing is a method for preparing carded fiber for spinning.
The Comeback is a type of domestic sheep originating in Australia.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Corriedale sheep are a dual purpose breed, meaning they are used both in the production of wool and meat.
Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Crêpe, also spelt crepe or crape (from the Fr. crêpe), is a silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance.
The hair cuticle is the outermost part of the hair shaft.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
The dermis or corium is a layer of skin between the epidermis (with which it makes up the cutis) and subcutaneous tissues, that primarily consists of dense irregular connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
The Dorset or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing.
The Drysdale breed of sheep originated in New Zealand and is raised primarily for wool.
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
In physics, elasticity (from Greek ἐλαστός "ductible") is the ability of a body to resist a distorting influence and to return to its original size and shape when that influence or force is removed.
Elliotdale (Xhora) is a town in Amatole District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
The epidermis is the outer layer of the three layers that make up the skin, the inner layers being the dermis and hypodermis.
Ermenegildo Zegna (often abbreviated and known simply as Zegna) is an Italian luxury fashion house that makes men's clothing and accessories.
Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together.
Fernand Braudel (24 August 1902 – 27 November 1985) was a French historian and a leader of the Annales School.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Fiber art refers to fine art whose material consists of natural or synthetic fiber and other components, such as fabric or yarn.
In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finish textile or clothing.
Flame spread or surface burning characteristics rating is a ranking derived by laboratory standard test methodology of a material's propensity to burn rapidly and spread flames.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Francesco di Marco Datini (c. 1335 – 16 August 1410) was an Italian merchant born in Prato.
Fremantle is a major Australian port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River.
Fulling, also known as tucking or walking (spelt waulking in Scotland), is a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and making it thicker.
Gale is an educational publishing company based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit.
Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 85 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula and includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The raising of domestic sheep has occurred in nearly every inhabited part of the globe, and the variations in cultures and languages which have kept sheep has produced a vast lexicon of unique terminology used to describe sheep husbandry.
The manufacture of textiles is one of the oldest of human technologies.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the whole hand.
The hair follicle is a dynamic organ found in mammalian skin.
Harris Tweed is a tweed cloth that is handwoven by islanders at their homes in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, finished in the Outer Hebrides, and made from pure virgin wool dyed and spun in the Outer Hebrides.
The Heavy Woollen District is named from the heavyweight cloth manufactured in the area in West Yorkshire, England.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The International Wool Textile Organisation (IWTO) is the international body representing the interests of the world's wool-textile trade and industry.
The United Nations General Assembly declared 2009 as the International Year of Natural Fibres, as well as the International Year of Astronomy.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Karakul or Qaraqul (named after Qorako‘l, a city in Bukhara Province in Uzbekistan) is a breed of domestic sheep which originated in Central Asia.
Kemp is generally a chalky-white, brittle, weak fibre which may be mixed with normal fibers in a sheep's wool fleece.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric for use in many types of garments.
Lambswool is wool which is 50mm or shorter from the first shearing of a sheep,Preparation of Australian Wool Clips, Code of Practice 2010-2012, Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX), 2010 at around the age of seven months.
Lanolin (from Latin ‘wool’, and ‘oil’), also called wool wax or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
The Lincoln, sometimes called the Lincoln Longwool, is a breed of sheep from England.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.
Lopi is knitting wool made from the fleece of Icelandic sheep.
Loro Piana is an Italian clothing company specialising in high-end, luxury cashmere and wool products.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
In economics, a luxury good (or upmarket good) is a good for which demand increases more than proportionally as income rises, and is a contrast to a "necessity good", where demand increases proportionally less than income.
Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The Merino is one of the most historically relevant and economically influential breeds of sheep, very prized for its wool.
Mohair is usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat.
The mouflon (Ovis orientalis orientalis group) is a subspecies group of the wild sheep (Ovis orientalis).
Mulesing is the removal of strips of wool-bearing skin from around the breech (buttocks) of a sheep to prevent flystrike (myiasis).
The muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted during the seasonal rut by males, from which its name derives.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Natural fibers or natural fibres (see spelling differences) are fibres that are produced by plants, animals, and geological processes.
The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.
The Navigation Acts were a series of English laws that restricted colonial trade to England.
New England or New England North West is the name given to a generally undefined region in the north of the state of New South Wales, Australia about 60 kilometres (37 miles) inland, that includes the Northern Tablelands (or New England Tablelands) and the North West Slopes regions.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas.
Noil is the short fiber left over from combing wool or spinning silk and used as a decorative additive for many spinning projects, like rovings and yarns.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.
The Northern Tablelands, also known as the New England Tableland, is a plateau and a region of the Great Dividing Range in northern New South Wales, Australia.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
Owling was a common term for the smuggling of sheep or wool from England to another country, particularly France.
Padding is thin cushioned material sometimes added to clothes.
Pashmina is a fine type of Kashmiri wool.
Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
A pill, colloquially known as a bobble, fuzzball, or lint ball is a small ball of fibers that forms on a piece of cloth.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Potash is some of various mined and manufactured salts that contain potassium in water-soluble form.
Potash pits were kiln sites which were dug and lined with drystone walling for the production of potash prior to the Industrial Revolution.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Provins is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Qiviuq or qiviut (Inuktitut syllabics, ᕿᕕᐅᖅ; Inuinnaqtun, qiviuq; Inupiaq qiviu or qiviuqWolf A. Seiler (2012), sometimes spelled qiveut) is the inner wool of the muskox.
The Rambouillet is a breed of sheep also known as the Rambouillet Merino or the French Merino.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
RMIT University (officially the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, informally RMIT) is an Australian public research university located in Melbourne, Victoria.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Romney, formerly called the Romney Marsh sheep but generally referred to by the local farmers as the Kent, is a breed of sheep originating in England.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Shahtoosh (also written shahtush, a Persian word meaning "king of fine wools") is the name given to a specific kind of shawl, which is woven with the down hair of the Tibetan antelope (chiru), by master craftsmen and women of Kashmir.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Sheep farming is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep.
Sheep shearing is the process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
A sleeping bag is an insulated covering for a person, essentially a lightweight quilt that can be closed with a zipper or similar means to form a tube, which functions as lightweight, portable bedding in situations where a person is sleeping outdoors (e.g. when camping, hiking, hill walking or climbing).
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
A wool staple is a naturally formed cluster or lock of wool fibres and not a single fibre.
A statue is a sculpture, representing one or more people or animals (including abstract concepts allegorically represented as people or animals), free-standing (as opposed to a relief) and normally full-length (as opposed to a bust) and at least close to life-size, or larger.
Suffolk sheep are a black-faced, open-faced breed of domestic sheep raised primarily for meat.
Swaddling is an age-old practice of wrapping infants in blankets or similar cloths so that movement of the limbs is tightly restricted.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Textile manufacturing is a major industry.
The Natural Fibre Company (TNFC) is a wool mill based in Launceston, Cornwall, England, and is the only small-scale full range textile mill in the UK.
Tibetan fur refers to the white wool of the Tibetan lamb.
This timeline of clothing and textiles technology covers the events of fiber and flexible woven material worn on the body; including making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, and systems (technology).
The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.
Tweed is a rough, woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture, resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The Walcha News, originally published as The Walcha News and Southern New England Advocate, is an English language newspaper published in Walcha, New South Wales.
Walcha is a town at the south-eastern edge of the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia.
Warp and weft are terms for the two basic components used in weaving to turn thread or yarn into fabric.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
A wool bale is a standard sized and weighted pack of classed wool compressed by the mechanical means of a wool press.
Wool classing is the production of uniform, predictable, low-risk lines of wool, carried out by examining the characteristics of the wool in its raw state and classing (grading) it accordingly.
A micron (micrometre) is the measurement used to express the diameter of wool fibre.
Woolen (American English) or woollen (Commonwealth English) is a type of yarn made from carded wool.
The Woolsack is the seat of the Lord Speaker in the House of Lords, the Upper House of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Worshipful Company of Woolmen is one of the Livery Companies in the City of London.
Worsted is a high-quality type of wool yarn, the fabric made from this yarn, and a yarn weight category.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
Australian wool, Australian wool industry, Fleeces, New wool, Raw wool, Re-used wool, Reclaimed wool, Recycled wool, Reprocessed wool, Scoured wool, Sheep wool, Shoddy wool, Virgin wool, Wool fibre, Wool industry in Australia, Wool scour, Wool trade, Woolly, Wooly.