87 relations: Adjective, Adverb, Affix, Alphabet, Analytic language, Cartesianism, Character (computing), Character encoding, Clause, Compound (linguistics), Conjunction (grammar), Content word, Conversation, Dictionary, Dionysius Thrax, English orthography, Feature (linguistics), French language, German language, Gospel of John, Grammar, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Grapheme, Hiragana, History of writing, Indo-European ablaut, Indo-European languages, Infix, Interjection, Japanese language, John Locke, Kana, Kanji, Koala, Language, Latin alphabet, Lemma (morphology), Leonard Bloomfield, Lexeme, Lexicon, Linguistics, Longest words, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Mandarin Chinese, Meaning (linguistics), Minimalist program, Morpheme, Natural language, Noun, ..., Orthography, Part of speech, Pāṇini, Philosophy of language, Phoneme, Phonology, Phrase, Plato, Portuguese language, Pragmatics, Preposition and postposition, Pronoun, Pronunciation, Reflexive verb, Root (linguistics), Semantic primes, Semantics, Sentence (linguistics), Separable verb, Space (punctuation), Spanish language, Speech, Stress (linguistics), Suffix, Syllable, Syntax, Synthetic language, Thematic vowel, Thomas Aquinas, Turkish language, Utterance, Verb, Vietnamese language, Vowel harmony, Word divider, Word stem, Writing. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence.
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
In linguistic typology, an analytic language is a language that primarily conveys relationships between words in sentences by way of helper words (particles, prepositions, etc.) and word order, as opposed to utilizing inflections (changing the form of a word to convey its role in the sentence).
Cartesianism is the philosophical and scientific system of René Descartes and its subsequent development by other seventeenth century thinkers, most notably Nicolas Malebranche and Baruch Spinoza.
In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated or) is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses that are called the conjuncts of the conjoining construction.
In linguistics content words are words that name objects of reality and their qualities.
Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
Dionysius Thrax (Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ,, Contemporary Koine:; 170–90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace.
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
In linguistics, a feature is the assignment of binary or unary conditions which act as constraints.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Gospel According to John is the fourth of the canonical gospels.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).
The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the studies and descriptions of these developments.
In linguistics, the Indo-European ablaut (pronounced) is a system of apophony (regular vowel variations) in the Proto-Indo-European language.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
An infix is an affix inserted inside a word stem (an existing word).
In linguistics, an interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢字).
Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.
The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
In morphology and lexicography, a lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata) is the canonical form, dictionary form, or citation form of a set of words (headword).
Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 – April 18, 1949) was an American linguist who led the development of structural linguistics in the United States during the 1930s and the 1940s.
A lexeme is a unit of lexical meaning that exists regardless of the number of inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
The longest word in any given language depends on the word formation rules of each specific language, and on the types of words allowed for consideration.
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
In linguistics, meaning is the information or concepts that a sender intends to convey, or does convey, in communication with a receiver.
In linguistics, the minimalist program (MP) is a major line of inquiry that has been developing inside generative grammar since the early 1990s, starting with a 1993 paper by Noam Chomsky.
A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.
In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.
A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
(पाणिनि, Frits Staal (1965),, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 99-116) is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and a revered scholar in Hinduism.
Philosophy of language explores the relationship between language and reality.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
In everyday speech, a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning; in this sense it is roughly synonymous with expression.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics and semiotics that studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.
In grammar, a reflexive verb is, loosely, a verb whose direct object is the same as its subject, for example, "I wash myself".
A root (or root word) is a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.
Semantic primes or semantic primitives are a set of semantic concepts that are innately understood but cannot be expressed in simpler terms.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked.
A separable verb is a verb that is composed of a lexical core and a separable particle.
In writing, a space ( ) is a blank area that separates words, sentences, syllables (in syllabification) and other written or printed glyphs (characters).
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Speech is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon.
In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.
In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
In linguistic typology, a synthetic language is a language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio, as opposed to a low morpheme-per-word ratio in what is described as an analytic language.
In Indo-European studies, a thematic vowel or theme vowel is the vowel or from ablaut placed before the ending of a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) word.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
In spoken language analysis, an utterance is the smallest unit of speech.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
In punctuation, a word divider is a glyph that separates written words.
In linguistics, a stem is a part of a word.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.