181 relations: Adolf Anderssen, Akiba Rubinstein, Alessandro Salvio, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Khalifman, Alexander McDonnell, Alexander the Great, Alexandre Deschapelles, Alexei Shirov, American Chess Congress, Amos Burn, Anatoly Karpov, Aron Nimzowitsch, AVRO 1938 chess tournament, Baguio, Boa (genus), Bobby Fischer, Boris Gelfand, Boris Spassky, Bourbon Restoration, British Chess Magazine, Candidates Tournament, Carl Schlechter, Chess, Chess Olympiad, Chess Player's Chronicle, Chess World Cup, Classical World Chess Championship 1995, Classical World Chess Championship 2000, Classical World Chess Championship 2004, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Cuba, Daniel Harrwitz, Dawid Janowski, Democrat and Chronicle, Development of the World Chess Championship, Early modern France, Edward Winter (chess historian), Efim Bogoljubov, Efim Geller, Elo rating system, Emanuel Lasker, Fabiano Caruana, Fast chess, FIDE, FIDE World Chess Championship 1996, FIDE World Chess Championship 1998, FIDE World Chess Championship 2004, FIDE World Chess Championship 2005, Fischer–Spassky (1992 match), ..., François-André Danican Philidor, Frank Marshall (chess player), French Third Republic, Garry Kasparov, Gata Kamsky, Géza Maróczy, George Walker (chess player), Germany, Gioachino Greco, Giovanni Leonardo Di Bona, Gothenburg, Graham Burgess, Grandmaster (chess), Harper's Weekly, Henry Bird (chess player), Henry Kissinger, Howard Staunton, Hugh Alexander Kennedy, Interregnum of World Chess Champions, Isidor Gunsberg, Israel Albert Horowitz, Jan Timman, Jeremy Silman, Jim Slater (accountant), Johannes Zukertort, José Raúl Capablanca, July Monarchy, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Sicily, La Bourdonnais – McDonnell chess matches, Legall de Kermeur, List of world championships in mind sports, List of World Chess Championships, London 1851 chess tournament, London 1862 chess tournament, London 1883 chess tournament, Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, Ludwig Bledow, Magnus Carlsen, Mannheim, Mathematics, Max Euwe, Max Weiss, Merano, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Chigorin, Mikhail Tal, Milan Vidmar, Missouri, My Great Predecessors, N M Rothschild & Sons, Nigel Short, Pal Benko, Paolo Boi, Paris 1878 chess tournament, Paul Keres, Paul Morphy, Pavilion Books, Peter Leko, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Professional Chess Association, Psychology, Purse distribution, Raymond Keene, Reuben Fine, Richard Réti, Robert Wade (chess player), Round-robin tournament, Royal Dutch Chess Federation, Ruslan Ponomariov, Rustam Kasimdzhanov, Ruy López de Segura, Saint Petersburg, Salo Flohr, Samuel Reshevsky, San Luis, Argentina, Savielly Tartakower, Sergey Karjakin, Siegbert Tarrasch, Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa, The Field (magazine), The Irish Times, The Oxford Companion to Chess, The Times, The Week in Chess, Tigran Petrosian, Title, United States Secretary of State, Vasily Smyslov, Veselin Topalov, Viktor Korchnoi, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, White émigré, Wilhelm Steinitz, Women's World Chess Championship, World Blitz Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1886, World Chess Championship 1894, World Chess Championship 1921, World Chess Championship 1927, World Chess Championship 1929, World Chess Championship 1934, World Chess Championship 1935, World Chess Championship 1937, World Chess Championship 1948, World Chess Championship 1963, World Chess Championship 1978, World Chess Championship 1981, World Chess Championship 1984, World Chess Championship 1985, World Chess Championship 1986, World Chess Championship 1987, World Chess Championship 1990, World Chess Championship 2006, World Chess Championship 2007, World Chess Championship 2008, World Chess Championship 2010, World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 2013, World Chess Championship 2014, World Chess Championship 2016, World Chess Championship 2018, World Chess Solving Championship, World Computer Chess Championship, World Correspondence Chess Championship, World Junior Chess Championship, World Rapid Chess Championship, World Senior Chess Championship, Yasser Seirawan, Yuri Averbakh. Expand index (131 more) » « Shrink index
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alessandro Salvio (c. 1570 – c. 1640) was an Italian chess player who is considered to be the unofficial world champion around the year 1600.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Valeryevich Khalifman (Алекса́ндр Вале́рьевич Халифма́н; born 18 January 1966) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexander McDonnell (1798–1835) was an Irish chess master, who contested a series of six matches with the world's leading player Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais in the summer of 1834.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alexandre Deschapelles (March 7, 1780 in Ville-d'Avray near VersaillesOctober 27, 1847 in Paris) was a French chess player who, between the death of François-André Danican Philidor and the rise of Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, was probably the strongest player in the world.
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
The American Chess Congress was a series of chess tournaments held in the United States, a predecessor to the current U.S. Chess Championship.
Amos Burn (1848–1925) was an English chess player, one of the world's leading players at the end of the 19th century, and a chess writer.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
The AVRO tournament was a famous chess tournament held in the Netherlands in 1938, sponsored by the Dutch broadcasting company AVRO.
, officially the (Ibaloi: Ciudad ne Bagiw; Siudad ti Baguio; Lungsod ng Baguio) and popularly referred to as Baguio City, is a mountain resort city located in Northern Luzon, Philippines.
Boa is a genus of non-venomous boas found in Mexico, Central and South America.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.
British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.
The Chess Player's Chronicle, founded by Howard Staunton and extant from 1841–56 and 1859–62, was the world's first successful English-language magazine devoted exclusively to chess.
The Chess World Cup refers to three different events over the years.
The Classical World Chess Championship 1995, known at the time as the PCA World Chess Championship 1995, was held from September 10, 1995, to October 16, 1995, on the 107th floor of the World Trade Center in New York City.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2000, known at the time as the Braingames World Chess Championships, was held from 8 October 2000 – 4 November 2000 in London, United Kingdom.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2004 was held from September 25, 2004, to October 18, 2004, in Brissago, Switzerland.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Daniel Harrwitz (29 April 1823 – 9 January 1884) was a Jewish German chess master.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
The Democrat and Chronicle is a daily newspaper serving the greater Rochester, New York, area.
The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in 1845.
The Kingdom of France in the early modern period, from the Renaissance (circa 1500–1550) to the Revolution (1789–1804), was a monarchy ruled by the House of Bourbon (a Capetian cadet branch).
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Fabiano Luigi Caruana (born July 30, 1992) is an Italian-American chess grandmaster.
Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 1996 was a chess tournament held by FIDE to determine the World Chess Champion.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 1998 was contested in a match between the FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov and the challenger Viswanathan Anand.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 2004 was held at the Almahary Hotel in Tripoli, Libya, from June 18 to July 13.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 2005 took place in Potrero de los Funes, San Luis Province in Argentina from September 27 to October 16, 2005.
The 1992 match between former World Chess Champions Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky was billed as a World Chess Championship, but was unofficial.
François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Gata Kamsky (Ğata Kamski; Гата Камский; Гата Камский; born June 2, 1974) is an American chess grandmaster, and a five-time U.S. champion.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
George Walker (13 March 1803 – 23 April 1879) was an English chess player and author of The Celebrated Analysis of A D Philidor (London, 1832), The Art of Chess-Play: A New Treatise on the Game of Chess (London, 1832), A Selection of Games at Chess played by Philidor (London, 1835), Chess Made Easy (London, 1836), and Chess Studies (London, 1844).
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.
Giovanni Leonardo di Bona or Giovanni Leonardo da Cutri (both given names can be seen also in the reversed order Leonardo Giovanni), known as Il Puttino (1542–1597), was an early Italian chess master.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
Graham K. Burgess (born 24 Feb 1968 in Liverpool, England) is an English FIDE Master of chess and a noted writer and trainer.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Harper's Weekly, A Journal of Civilization was an American political magazine based in New York City.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hugh Alexander Kennedy (22 August 1809 – 22 October 1878) was an English chess master and writer.
The Interregnum of World Chess Champions was the period between March 24, 1946 (the date of Alexander Alekhine's death) and May 17, 1948 (when Mikhail Botvinnik won a special championship tournament).
Isidor Arthur Gunsberg (1 November 1854 – 2 May 1930) was a Hungarian chess player, best known for narrowly losing the 1891 World Chess Championship match to Wilhelm Steinitz.
Israel Albert Horowitz (often known as I. A. Horowitz or Al Horowitz) (November 15, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York – January 18, 1973) was a Jewish-American International Master of chess.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
James Derrick Slater (13 March 1929 – 18 November 2015) was a British accountant, investor and business writer.
Johannes Hermann Zukertort (Polish: Jan Hermann Cukiertort; 7 September 1842 – 20 June 1888) was a leading German-Polish chess master.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
The July Monarchy (Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting with the July Revolution of 1830 and ending with the Revolution of 1848.
The Kingdom of Naples (Regnum Neapolitanum; Reino de Nápoles; Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816.
The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae, Regno di Sicilia, Regnu di Sicilia, Regne de Sicília, Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time Africa from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816.
The La Bourdonnais – McDonnell chess matches were a series of chess matches in 1834 between Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais of France and Alexander McDonnell of Ireland.
François Antoine de Legall de Kermeur (1702–92) was a French chess player.
This page gives a list of world championships in mind sports which usually represent the most prestigious competition for a specific board game, card game or mind sport.
The following is a list of World Chess Championships including the hosting cities.
London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.
An international chess tournament was held in London, during the second British world exhibition, in 1862.
The London 1883 chess tournament was a strong chess tournament among most of the leading players of the day.
Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais (1795– December 1840) was a French chess master, possibly the strongest player in the early 19th century.
Dr Ludwig Erdmann Bledow (27 July 1795, Berlin – 6 August 1846, Berlin) was a German chess master and chess organizer (co-founder of the Berlin Pleiades).
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Miksa (Max) Weisz (21 July 1857 – 14 March 1927) was an Austrian chess player born in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Milan Vidmar (22 June 1885 – 9 October 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess Grandmaster, chess theorist, chess arbiter, philosopher, and writer.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
N M Rothschild & Sons Limited or Rothschild Group (commonly referred to as Rothschild) is a British multinational investment banking company controlled by the Rothschild family.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
Paolo Boi (1528–1598) was an Italian chess player.
The revival of France after the Franco-Prussian War was demonstrated by a world exhibition.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.
Peter Leko ('Lékó Péter'; Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (12 September 1800 – 29 October 1872) was a leading French chess master and an editor of the chess periodical Le Palamède.
The Professional Chess Association (PCA), which existed between 1993 and 1996, was a rival organisation to FIDE, the international chess organization.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
In horse racing, the term purse distribution or The Purse may refer to the total amount of money paid out to the owners of horses racing at a particular track over a given period of time, or to the percentages of a race's total purse that are awarded to each of the highest finishers.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.
Robert Graham Wade OBE (10 April 1921 Dunedin, New Zealand – 29 November 2008, London), was a New Zealand and British chess player, writer, arbiter, coach, and promoter.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
The Royal Dutch Chess Federation (Koninklijke Nederlandse Schaakbond - KNSB) is the national organization for chess in the Netherlands.
Ruslan Olegovich Ponomariov (Русла́н Оле́гович Пономарьо́в, Ruslan Olehovych Ponomar'ov; born 11 October 1983) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.
Rustam Kasimdzhanov (Rustam Qosimjonov; Рустам Касымджанов; born 5 December 1979, Tashkent, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic) is an Uzbek chess Grandmaster and former FIDE World Champion (2004-05).
Rodrigo (Ruy) López de Segura (c. 1530 – c. 1580) was a Spanish priest and later bishop in Segura whose 1561 book Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del Axedrez was one of the first definitive books about modern chess in Europe, preceded only by Pedro Damiano's 1512 book, Luis Ramírez de Lucena's 1497 book (the oldest surviving printed book on chess), and the Göttingen manuscript (authorship and exact date of the manuscript are unknown).
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
San Luis is the capital city of San Luis Province in the Cuyo region of Argentina.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin (Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Каря́кин,; born 12 January 1990) is a Russian (formerly representing Ukraine) chess grandmaster.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
Tassilo, Baron von Heydebrand und der Lasa (known in English as "Baron von der Lasa", 17 October 1818, Berlin – 27 July 1899, Storchnest near Lissa, Greater Poland, then German Empire) was an important German chess master, chess historian and theoretician of the nineteenth century, a member of the Berlin Chess Club and a founder of the Berlin Chess School (the Berlin Pleiades).
The Field is the world's oldest country and field sports magazine, having been published continuously since 1853.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Week in Chess (TWIC) is one of the first, if not the first, Internet-based chess news services.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
A white émigré was a Russian subject who emigrated from Imperial Russia in the wake of the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War, and who was in opposition to the contemporary Russian political climate.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
The Women's World Chess Championship (WWCC) is played to determine the women's world champion in chess.
The World Blitz Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under blitz time controls.
The World Chess Championship 1886 was the first official World Chess Championship match contested by Wilhelm Steinitz and Johannes Zukertort.
The fifth World Chess Championship was held in New York City (games 1-8), Philadelphia (games 9-11) and Montreal (games 12-19) between March 15 and May 26, 1894.
The 1921 World Chess Championship was played between José Raúl Capablanca and Emanuel Lasker.
The 1927 World Chess Championship was played between José Raúl Capablanca and Alexander Alekhine, in Buenos Aires from September 16 to November 29, 1927.
The 1929 World Chess Championship was played between challenger Efim Bogoljubow and titleholder Alexander Alekhine.
The 1934 World Chess Championship was played between challenger Efim Bogoljubow and titleholder Alexander Alekhine.
The 1935 World Chess Championship was played between challenger Max Euwe and title-holder Alexander Alekhine.
The 1937 World Chess Championship was played between Max Euwe and Alexander Alekhine in the Netherlands from October 5 to December 4, 1937.
The 1948 World Chess Championship was a quintuple round-robin tournament played to determine the new World Chess Champion following the death of the previous champion Alexander Alekhine in 1946.
At the World Chess Championship 1963 Tigran Petrosian narrowly qualified to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the World Chess Championship, and then won the match to become the ninth World Chess Champion.
The 1978 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi in Baguio City, Philippines from July 18 to October 18, 1978.
The 1981 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi in Merano, Italy from October 1 to November 19, 1981.
The World Chess Championship 1984 was a match between challenger Garry Kasparov and defending champion Anatoly Karpov in Moscow from 10 September 1984 to 15 February 1985 for the World Chess Championship title.
The 1985 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov in Moscow from September 3 to November 9, 1985.
The 1986 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov in London and Leningrad (Saint Petersburg) from July 28 to October 8, 1986.
The 1987 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov in Seville from October 12 to December 19, 1987.
The World Chess Championship 1990 was played between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov.
The World Chess Championship 2006 was a match between Classical World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik, and FIDE World Chess Champion Veselin Topalov.
The World Chess Championship 2007 was held in Mexico City, from 12 September 2007 to 30 September 2007 to decide the world champion in the board game chess.
The World Chess Championship 2008 was a best-of-twelve-games match between the incumbent World Chess Champion, Viswanathan Anand, and the previous World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik.
The World Chess Championship 2010 match pitted the defending world champion, Viswanathan Anand, against challenger Veselin Topalov, for the title of World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2012 was a chess match between the defending world champion Viswanathan Anand of India and Boris Gelfand of Israel, winner of the 2011 Candidates Tournament.
The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2014 was a match between the world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Viswanathan Anand, to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2016 was a chess match between reigning world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Sergey Karjakin to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2018 is an upcoming chess match between the reigning world champion since 2013, Magnus Carlsen, and challenger Fabiano Caruana to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Solving Championship (WCSC) is an annual competition in the solving of chess problems organised by the World Federation for Chess Composition (WFCC), previously by FIDE via the Permanent Commission of the FIDE for Chess Compositions (PCCC).
World Computer Chess Championship (WCCC) is an annual event where computer chess engines compete against each other.
The World Correspondence Chess Championship determines the World Champion in correspondence chess.
The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 chess tournament (players must have been under 20 years old on 1 January in the year of competition) organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
The World Rapid Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under rapid time controls.
The World Senior Chess Championship is an annual chess tournament established in 1991 by FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
Yasser Seirawan (ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is an American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
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