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Index Wrestling

Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds. [1]

178 relations: Alberto Del Rio, Aleksandr Karelin, Alysh, Amateur wrestling, American Civil War, Ames, Iowa, Ancient Greece, Ancient Olympic Games, Ancient Rome, Antonio Inoki, Antwerp, Aquathlon (underwater wrestling), Arm wrestling, Asian Games, Basil I, Belgium, Ben Askren, Bhima, Blue Demon, Book of Genesis, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Brock Lesnar, Bulgaria, Carlos Colón Sr., Catch wrestling, China, Chokehold, Circus, Clinch fighting, College, Collegiate wrestling, Combat sport, Cronus, Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling, Dan Henderson, Dan Severn, Daniel Cormier, Dictionary.com, Don Frye, Eddie Guerrero, El Santo, Enkidu, Epic of Gilgamesh, Europe, Exhibition game, Fair, Fencing, Festival, Feud (professional wrestling), Field of the Cloth of Gold, ..., Folk wrestling, France, Francis I of France, Frankie Edgar, Freestyle wrestling, Germany, Giant Baba, Gilgamesh, Glossary of professional wrestling terms, Grappling, Grappling hold, Grappling position, Greco-Roman wrestling, Greek mythology, Greek wrestling, Gymnasium (school), Hand-to-hand combat, Henry VIII of England, Heracles, Iliad, Impact Wrestling, Interwar period, Ireland, Ivan Poddubny, Jacob, Jarasandha, Joe Rogan, Joint lock, Kayfabe, Keiji Mutoh, Ken Shamrock, Kenta Kobashi, Khuresh, Kickboxing, Konnan, Kurash, La Parka, Lancashire, Leglock, List of amateur wrestlers, List of professional wrestling rosters, List of World and Olympic Champions in men's freestyle wrestling, Lyon, Mahabharata, Malla-yuddha, Mark Coleman, Mark Kerr (fighter), Martial arts, Místico, Mediterranean Games, Middle school, Midwestern United States, Mil Máscaras, Mitsuharu Misawa, Mixed martial arts, Muhammad, Naban, National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, National Collegiate Athletic Association, National Collegiate Wrestling Association, National Junior College Athletic Association, NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships, New International Version, North America, Oil wrestling, Old English, Old Testament, Olympic Games, ONE Championship, Oxford English Dictionary, Pahlevani and zoorkhaneh rituals, Pankration, Patriarchs (Bible), Pehlwani, Perro Aguayo, Plot (narrative), Pride Fighting Championships, Professional wrestling, Ramayana, Randy Couture, Rey Mysterio, Rikidōzan, Ring of Honor, Ringen, Roman Empire, Russia, Russian language, Scholastic wrestling, Schwingen, Scottish people, Secondary school, Shahnameh, Shinya Hashimoto, Shoot wrestling, Shuai jiao, Skin infections and wrestling, Southern United States, Soviet Union, Spandex, Sports club, Sports entertainment, Ssireum, St. Louis, Strongman (strength athlete), Submission (combat sports), Sumo, Switzerland, Takedown (grappling), Theseus, Throw (grappling), Trojan War, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, United World Wrestling, University, Vedas, World Beach Wrestling Championships, Wrestling, Wrestling at the 1896 Summer Olympics, Wrestling at the Summer Olympics, Wrestling mythology, WWE, Yoel Romero, Youth Olympic Games, Zeus, 1904 Summer Olympics, 2019 World Beach Games. Expand index (128 more) »

Alberto Del Rio

José Alberto Rodríguez (born May 25, 1977), is a Mexican-American professional wrestler and former mixed martial artist.

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Aleksandr Karelin

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Karelin (Александр Александрович Карелин; born 19 September 1967) is a retired Greco-Roman wrestler for the Soviet Union and Russia.

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Alysh is a Turkic term for Central Asian folk wrestling or "belt wrestling" regulated by International Federation Wrestling of Belts "Alysh» (IFWBA).

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Amateur wrestling

Amateur wrestling is the most widespread form of sport wrestling.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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Ames, Iowa

Ames is a city located in the central part of Story County, Iowa, United States.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Ancient Olympic Games

The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Antonio Inoki

Muhammad Hussain Inoki (born on February 20, 1943) is a Japanese professional wrestling and mixed martial arts promoter, politician, and retired professional wrestler and martial artist, best known by his ring name Antonio Inoki.

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)

Aquathlon (also known as underwater wrestling) is an underwater sport where two competitors wearing masks and fins wrestle underwater in an attempt to remove a ribbon from each other's ankle band in order to win the bout.

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Arm wrestling

Arm wrestling is a sport involving two participants.

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Asian Games

The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia.

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Basil I

Basil I, called the Macedonian (Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών, Basíleios ō Makedṓn; 811 – August 29, 886) was a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Ben Askren

Ben Askren (born July 18, 1984) is an American semi retired mixed martial artist and former amateur wrestler.

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In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Bhima or Bhimasena (Sanskrit: भीम) is the second of the Pandavas.

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Blue Demon

Alejandro Muñoz Moreno (April 24, 1922 – December 16, 2000), better known by the ring name Blue Demon (Demonio Azul in Spanish), was a Mexican film actor and luchador enmascarado (Spanish for masked professional wrestler).

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Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.

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Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting.

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Brock Lesnar

Brock Edward Lesnar (born July 12, 1977) is an American-Canadian professional wrestler and former mixed martial artist and football player.

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Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Carlos Colón Sr.

Carlos Edwin Colón González Sr. (born July 18, 1948) is a Puerto Rican professional wrestler and wrestling promoter, better known as Carlitos Colón or simply Carlos Colón.

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Catch wrestling

Catch wrestling is a classical hybrid grappling style and combat sport developed in Britain circa 1870.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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A chokehold, choke, stranglehold or, in Judo, shime-waza (絞技; constriction technique) is a general term for a grappling hold that critically reduces or prevents either air (choking)The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1999).

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A circus is a company of performers who put on diverse entertainment shows that include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, dancers, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, magicians, unicyclists, as well as other object manipulation and stunt-oriented artists.

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Clinch fighting

Clinch fighting is the part of stand-up fighting where the combatants are grappling in a clinch, typically using clinch holds.

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A college (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.

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Collegiate wrestling

Collegiate wrestling, sometimes known in the United States as folkstyle wrestling, is a style of amateur wrestling practiced at the college and university level in the United States.

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Combat sport

A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat.

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In Greek mythology, Cronus, Cronos, or Kronos (or from Κρόνος, Krónos), was the leader and youngest of the first generation of Titans, the divine descendants of Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth.

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Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling

Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling, more commonly known just as Cumberland Wrestling, is an ancient and well-practised tradition in the traditional English counties of Cumberland and Westmorland.

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Dan Henderson

Daniel Jeffery Henderson (born August 24, 1970) is an American former mixed martial artist and Olympic wrestler, who last competed as a middleweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

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Dan Severn

Daniel DeWayne Severn (born June 8, 1958) is an American mixed martial artist, actor and occasional professional wrestler, notable for his success in the early years of Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) tournaments.

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Daniel Cormier

Daniel Cormier (born March 20, 1979) is an American mixed martial artist and former Olympic wrestler.

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Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.

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Don Frye

Donald Frye (born November 23, 1965) is an American former mixed martial artist, amateur and professional wrestler, UFC Hall of Famer and actor.

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Eddie Guerrero

Eduardo Gory Guerrero Llanes (October 9, 1967 – November 13, 2005) was an American professional wrestler and a prominent member of the Guerrero wrestling family.

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El Santo

Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta (September 23, 1917 – February 5, 1984), more widely known as El Santo, or in English The Saint, was a Mexican Luchador enmascarado (Spanish for masked professional wrestler), film actor, and folk icon.

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Enkidu (EN.KI.DU3, "Enki's creation"), formerly misread as Eabani, is a central figure in the Ancient Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh.

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Epic of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is often regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Exhibition game

An exhibition game (also known as a friendly, a scrimmage, a demonstration, a preseason game, a warmup match, or a preparation match, depending at least in part on the sport) is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced.

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A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.

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Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.

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A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures.

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Feud (professional wrestling)

In professional wrestling, a feud is a staged rivalry between multiple wrestlers or groups of wrestlers.

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Field of the Cloth of Gold

The Field of the Cloth of Gold (Camp du Drap d'Or) was a site in Balinghem between Ardres in France and Guînes in the then-English Pale of Calais that hosted a summit from 7 to 24 June 1520, between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France.

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Folk wrestling

A folk wrestling style is any traditional style of wrestling, which may or may not be codified as a modern sport.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francis I of France

Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.

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Frankie Edgar

Frank James Edgar (born October 16, 1981) is an American mixed martial artist who competes as a Featherweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship and is a former UFC Lightweight Champion.

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Freestyle wrestling

Freestyle wrestling is a style of amateur wrestling that is practiced throughout the world.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giant Baba

, best known by his ring name, was a Japanese professional wrestler and co-founder of All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) that, along with Antonio Inoki, became one of the most famous Japanese wrestlers of his era, with a popularity in Japan comparable to Hulk Hogan's in the United States.

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Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC.

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Glossary of professional wrestling terms

Professional wrestling has accrued a considerable nomenclature throughout its existence.

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In hand-to-hand combat, grappling is a close fighting technique used to gain a physical advantage such as improving relative position, or causing injury to the opponent.

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Grappling hold

A grappling hold (commonly referred to simply as a hold; in Japanese referred to as katame-waza,, "grappling technique") is a specific grappling, wrestling, judo or other martial arts grip that is applied to an opponent.

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Grappling position

A grappling position refers to the positioning and holds of combatants engaged in grappling.

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Greco-Roman wrestling

Greco-Roman (US) or Graeco-Roman (UK) wrestling is a style of wrestling that is practiced worldwide.

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Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.

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Greek wrestling

Greek wrestling (πάλη, pálē), also known as Ancient Greek wrestling and Palé, was the most popular organized sport in Ancient Greece.

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Gymnasium (school)

A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.

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Hand-to-hand combat

Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.

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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.

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Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.

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The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.

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Impact Wrestling

Impact Wrestling is an American professional wrestling promotion currently based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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Interwar period

In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Ivan Poddubny

Ivan Maximovich Poddubny, Piddubny (Ива́н Максимович Подду́бный, Іва́н Максимович Підду́бний; – 8 August 1949) was a professional wrestler from the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union.

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Jacob, later given the name Israel, is regarded as a Patriarch of the Israelites.

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According to the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Jarasandha (जरासन्ध) was the king of Magadha.

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Joe Rogan

Joseph James Rogan (born August 11, 1967) is an American stand-up comedian, martial arts color commentator and podcast host.

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Joint lock

A joint lock is a grappling technique involving manipulation of an opponent's joints in such a way that the joints reach their maximal degree of motion.

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In professional wrestling, kayfabe is the portrayal of staged events within the industry as "real" or "true", specifically the portrayal of competition, rivalries, and relationships between participants as being genuine and not of a staged or predetermined nature of any kind.

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Keiji Mutoh

is a Japanese professional wrestler who first gained international fame in the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA).

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Ken Shamrock

Kenneth Shamrock (born Kenneth Wayne Kilpatrick; February 11, 1964) is an American mixed martial artist, Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) Hall of Famer, and retired professional wrestler.

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Kenta Kobashi

is a Japanese retired professional wrestler.

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Khuresh is a traditional Tuvan wrestling, in southern Siberia.

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Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.

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Charles Ashenoff (born Carlos Santiago Espada Moises; January 6, 1964),Wrestling Observer Newsletter, Dave Meltzer, ed., May 10, 2010 issue.

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Kurash (kuresh, koresh and variants; Uzbek kurash, Kyrgyz күрөш küröş, Turkmen göreş Bashkir көрәш (köräş), Tatar küreş, күреш, көрәш, kөrəş, Kazakh күрес küres, Shor кӱреш küreş, Azeri güləş, Chuvash кӗрешӳ) is one of the Turkic terms for "wrestling" (from Old Turkic keriš, c.f. Turkish güreş) and specifically refers to a number of folk wrestling styles practiced in Central Asia.

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La Parka

Adolfo Margarito Tapia Ibarra (born November 14, 1965) is a Mexican luchador enmascarado (masked professional wrestler) best known throughout the world as La Parka, especially from his many years in the American World Championship Wrestling (WCW) promotion.

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Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.

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A leglock is a joint lock that is directed at joints of the leg such as the ankle, knee or hip joint.

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List of amateur wrestlers

A number of wrestlers competing in the freestyle, Greco-Roman, and collegiate styles, and non-profit acting Pro are famous for their amateur wrestling success.

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List of professional wrestling rosters

This is a complete list of professional wrestlers, commentators, managers, road agents, and other workers associated in professional wrestling categorised by the promotion of which the wrestlers are mainly associated.

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List of World and Olympic Champions in men's freestyle wrestling

Men's freestyle wrestling competition began in the Olympics in 1904.

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Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.

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The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

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(Devanagari: मल्लयुद्ध, মল্লযুদ্ধ, Odia: ମଲ୍ଲ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ, Kannada: ಮಲ್ಲಯುದ್ಧ, Telugu: మల్ల యుద్ధం malla-yuddhaṁ, Tamil: மல்யுத்தம் malyutham, Thai: มัลละยุทธ์ mạllayutṭh̒) is the traditional South Asian form of combat-wrestling created in what is now India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

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Mark Coleman

Mark Daniel Coleman (born December 20, 1964) is a retired American mixed martial artist, professional wrestler, former NCAA collegiate wrestler and former Olympic amateur wrestler.

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Mark Kerr (fighter)

Mark Kerr (born December 21, 1968 in Toledo, Ohio), also known as The Smashing Machine, The Titan, and The Specimen, is an American champion collegiate wrestler and retired mixed martial artist.

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Martial arts

Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.

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Luis Ignacio Urive Alvirde (born December 22, 1982), better known by the ring name Místico, is a Mexican luchador enmascarado, or masked professional wrestler.

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Mediterranean Games

The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held usually every four years, between nations around or very close to the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet.

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Middle school

A middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) is an educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school.

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Midwestern United States

The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").

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Mil Máscaras

Mil Máscaras (born Aaron Rodríguez Arellano, July 15, 1942) is a Mexican luchador.

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Mitsuharu Misawa

was a Japanese professional wrestler.

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Mixed martial arts

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts.

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MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.

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Naban (နပန်း) is the traditional form of wrestling from Myanmar.

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National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics

The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) is an athletic association that organizes college and university-level athletic programs, primarily across the United States but also outside the US.

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National Collegiate Athletic Association

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.

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National Collegiate Wrestling Association

The National Collegiate Wrestling Association (NCWA) is a nonprofit association of 162 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organize the wrestling programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada.

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National Junior College Athletic Association

The National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA), founded in 1938, is an association of community college and junior college athletic departments throughout the United States.

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NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships

The NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships for wrestling individuals and teams have been held annually since 1928 (with official sponsorship in all years but 1929 and 1931–33), except for a hiatus in 1943–45 during World War II.

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New International Version

The New International Version (NIV) is an English translation of the Bible first published in 1978 by Biblica (formerly the International Bible Society).

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Oil wrestling

Oil wrestling (Yağlı güreş), also called grease wrestling, is the Turkish national sport.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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Old Testament

The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.

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Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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ONE Championship

ONE Championship (formerly known as ONE Fighting Championship or ONE FC) is a Singapore-based Kickboxing, Muay Thai, and mixed martial arts (MMA) promotion which was launched on 14 July 2011 by entrepreneur Chatri Sityodtong and former ESPN Star Sports senior executive Victor Cui.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Pahlevani and zoorkhaneh rituals

Pahlevāni and zoorkhāneh rituals is the name inscribed by UNESCO for varzesh-e pahlavāni (آیین پهلوانی و زورخانه‌ای, "heroic sport") or varzesh-e bāstāni (ورزش باستانی; varzeš-e bāstānī, "ancient sport"), a traditional system of athletics originally used to train warriors in Iran and adjacent lands.

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Pankration (παγκράτιον) was a sporting event introduced into the Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC and was an empty-hand submission sport with scarcely any rules.

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Patriarchs (Bible)

The Patriarchs (אבות. Avot or Abot, singular אב. Ab or Aramaic: אבא Abba) of the Bible, when narrowly defined, are Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac's son Jacob, also named Israel, the ancestor of the Israelites.

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Pehlwani is a form of wrestling from the South Asia.

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Perro Aguayo

Pedro Aguayo Damián (born January 18, 1946) better known as "(El) Perro Aguayo" (Dog Aguayo) and El Can de Nochistlan (Nochistlan Dog) is a famous Mexican wrestler through the 1970s to the 1990s.

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Plot (narrative)

Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect.

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Pride Fighting Championships

Pride Fighting Championships (Pride or Pride FC, founded as KRS-Pride) was a Japanese mixed martial arts promotion company founded by Nobuyuki Sakakibara and Nobuhiko Takada.

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Professional wrestling

Professional wrestling (often shortened to pro wrestling or simply wrestling) is a form of sports entertainment which combines athletics with theatrical performance.

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Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

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Randy Couture

Randall Duane Couture (born June 22, 1963) is an American actor, former United States Army Sergeant, retired mixed martial artist and former collegiate and Greco-Roman wrestler.

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Rey Mysterio

Óscar Gutiérrez (born December 11, 1974), better known by his ring name Rey Mysterio Jr. or simply Rey Mysterio (Spanish for "King Mystery"), is an American professional wrestler.

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(born Kim Sin-rak;; November 14, 1924 – December 15, 1963), better known as Rikidōzan (力道山), was a Korean-Japanese professional wrestler, known as the "Father of Puroresu" and one of the most influential men in professional wrestling history.

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Ring of Honor

Ring of Honor Wrestling Entertainment, LLC, d/b/a Ring of Honor (ROH) is an American professional wrestling promotion based in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Ringen is the German language term for grappling (wrestling).

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian language

Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Scholastic wrestling

Scholastic wrestling, sometimes known in the United States as folkstyle wrestling, is a style of amateur wrestling practiced at the high school and middle school levels in the United States.

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Schwingen (from German schwingen "to swing"), also known as Swiss wrestling (French lutte Suisse) and natively (and colloquially) as Hoselupf (Swiss German for "breeches-lifting"), is a style of folk wrestling native to Switzerland, more specifically the pre-alpine parts of German-speaking Switzerland.

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Scottish people

The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.

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Secondary school

A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place.

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The Shahnameh, also transliterated as Shahnama (شاهنامه, "The Book of Kings"), is a long epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between c. 977 and 1010 CE and is the national epic of Greater Iran.

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Shinya Hashimoto

was a Japanese professional wrestler.

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Shoot wrestling

Shoot wrestling (also known as shoot style or strong style) is a combat sport that has its origins in Japan's professional wrestling circuit of the 1970s.

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Shuai jiao

Shuai jiao is the term pertaining to the ancient jacket wrestling Kung-Fu style of Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding of Hebei Province in the North China Plain which was codified by Shan Pu Ying (善撲营 The Battalion of Excellency in Catching) of the Nei Wu Fu (内務府, Internal Administration Unit of Imperial Household Department).

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Skin infections and wrestling

Skin infections and wrestling is the role of skin infections in wrestling.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.

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Sports club

A sports club or sporting club, sometimes athletics club or sports society or sports association, is a group of people formed for the purpose of playing sports.

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Sports entertainment

Sports entertainment is a type of spectacle which presents an ostensibly competitive event using a high level of theatrical flourish and extravagant presentation, with the purpose of entertaining an audience.

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Ssireum (Hangul: 씨름) or Korean wrestling is a folk wrestling style and traditional national sport of Korea since the fourth century.

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St. Louis


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Strongman (strength athlete)

A strongman is a man who competes in strength athletics.

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Submission (combat sports)

A submission is a combat sports term for yielding to the opponent, and hence resulting in an immediate defeat.

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or sumo wrestling is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of his feet.

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Takedown (grappling)

In martial arts and combat sports, a takedown is a technique that involves off-balancing an opponent and bringing him or her to the ground with the attacker landing on top.

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Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens.

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Throw (grappling)

A throw, in martial arts, is a grappling technique that involves off-balancing or lifting an opponent, and throwing them to the ground, in Japanese martial arts referred to as nage-waza, 投げ技, "throwing technique".

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Trojan War

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United World Wrestling

United World Wrestling (UWW) is the international governing body for the sport of amateur wrestling; its duties include overseeing wrestling at the Olympics.

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A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.

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World Beach Wrestling Championships

World Beach Wrestling Championships is the annual world championship organized by United World Wrestling for the sport of beach wrestling.

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Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.

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Wrestling at the 1896 Summer Olympics

At the 1896 Summer Olympics, one wrestling event was contested.

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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.

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Wrestling mythology

Various occurrences of wrestling in the world's mythologies.

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World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that primarily is known for professional wrestling.

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Yoel Romero

Yoel Romero Palacio (born April 30, 1977) is a Cuban mixed martial artist and former freestyle wrestler.

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Youth Olympic Games

The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the International Olympic Committee.

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Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.

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1904 Summer Olympics

The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports program lasting from July 1 to November 23, 1904, at what is now known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis.

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2019 World Beach Games

The 2019 World Beach Games, the inaugural World Beach Games, will be a multi-sport event organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees to be hosted by San Diego, California, United States.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrestling

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