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Wright brothers

Index Wright brothers

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. [1]

187 relations: Aéro-Club de France, Adverse yaw, AEA June Bug, AEA White Wing, Aerial Experiment Association, Aero Club of America, Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps, Aerospace Industries Association, Aileron, Air–fuel ratio, Aircraft, Airfoil, Airplane, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Alexander Graham Bell, Alphonse Pénaud, Amos Root, Archibald Hoxsey, Armour and Company, Aspect ratio, Augustus Moore Herring, Burbank, California, Calbraith Perry Rodgers, Camber (aerodynamics), Canard (aeronautics), Carburetor, Charles Greeley Abbot, Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith, Charles Lindbergh, Charlie Taylor (mechanic), Chicago, Chord (aeronautics), Church of the United Brethren in Christ, Church of the United Brethren in Christ (New Constitution), Claims to the first powered flight, Clément Ader, Coin flipping, Curtiss-Wright, Cylinder block, Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, Dayton Daily News, Dayton Metro Library, Dayton, Ohio, Dearborn, Michigan, Dihedral (aeronautics), Dover Publications, Dutch Americans, Elevator (aeronautics), English Americans, Ernest Archdeacon, ..., Essex, Flight dynamics, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Flight International, Fort Myer, Frank P. Lahm, Fred C. Kelly, Fuel pump, George Cayley, German Americans, Glenn Curtiss, Gliding, Gravity, Great Dayton Flood, Great Seal of the Realm, Gustave Whitehead, Harry Aubrey Toulmin Sr., Hawthorn Hill, Henri Farman, Henry H. Arnold, Hiram Maxim, History by Contract, Howard Hughes, Hudson–Fulton Celebration, Huffman Prairie, Huguenots, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Jack Frye, James M. Cox, John Capper, John Glenn, John Joseph Montgomery, John Smeaton, John T. Daniels, Johns Hopkins University Press, Karl Jatho, Katharine Wright, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Klapmeier brothers, L'Aérophile, Langley Aerodrome, Langley Gold Medal, Léon Bollée, Léon Delagrange, Le Mans, Leonardo da Vinci, Library of Congress, Lift (force), Lift-to-drag ratio, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s), Lockheed Constellation, Lockheed Corporation, Louis Blériot, Louis Paulhan, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Magic lantern, Matthew Piers Watt Boulton, Millville, Henry County, Indiana, Milton Wright (bishop), Muslin, NASA, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, National Park Service, National Weather Service, Neil Armstrong, New Rochelle, New York, New York Herald, Oakwood, Montgomery County, Ohio, Octave Chanute, Office of Public Sector Information, Otto Lilienthal, Patent application, Patent pool, Patent war, Patrick Young Alexander, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Penny-farthing, Percy Pilcher, Philip Orin Parmelee, Puritan migration to New England (1620–40), Pusher configuration, Ralph Johnstone, Richard Pearse, Richmond, Indiana, Rick Steves, Robert Cummings, Roller chain, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Russell Ash, Safety bicycle, Samuel Pierpont Langley, Schenck & Williams, Science Museum, London, Signal Corps (United States Army), Smithsonian Institution, Spruce, St. Joseph, Michigan, Statue of Liberty, Stinson Aircraft Company, Supersonic speed, Swiss Americans, The Henry Ford, The New York Times, The New York Times International Edition, The Winds of Kitty Hawk, Thomas Selfridge, Tractor configuration, Traian Vuia, Trans World Airlines, Truss bridge, Typhoid fever, United States Army, United States Naval Academy, Vanderbilt family, Vehicle registration plates of Ohio, Vin Fiz Flyer, Western Society of Engineers, William Howard Taft, Wind tunnel, Wing warping, Wolfgang Langewiesche, Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum, World Digital Library, Wright Aeronautical, Wright Brothers flights of 1909, Wright Brothers Medal, Wright Company, Wright Cycle Company, Wright Exhibition Team, Wright Flyer, Wright Flyer III, Wright Flying School, Wright Glider, Wright Model A, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Expand index (137 more) »

Aéro-Club de France

The Aéro-Club de France was founded as the Aéro-Club on 20 October 1898 as a society 'to encourage aerial locomotion' by Ernest Archdeacon, Léon Serpollet, Henri de la Valette, Jules Verne and his wife, André Michelin, Albert de Dion, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Henry Deutsch de la Meurthe, and Henry de La Vaulx.

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Adverse yaw

Adverse yaw is the natural and undesirable tendency for an aircraft to yaw in the opposite direction of a roll.

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AEA June Bug

The June Bug (or Aerodrome #3) was an early US aircraft designed and flown by Glenn H. Curtiss and built by the Aerial Experiment Association (A.E.A) in 1908.

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AEA White Wing

The White Wing (or Aerodrome #2) was an early US aircraft designed by Frederick W. Baldwin and built by the Aerial Experiment Association in 1908.

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Aerial Experiment Association

The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) was a Canadian-American aeronautical research group formed on 30 September 1907, under the leadership of Dr.

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Aero Club of America

The Aero Club of America was a social club formed in 1905 by Charles Jasper Glidden and Augustus Post, among others, to promote aviation in America.

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Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps

The Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps, Appendix 2 (1907–1914) was the first heavier-than-air military aviation organization in history and the progenitor of the United States Air Force.

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Aerospace Industries Association

No description.

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An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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Air–fuel ratio

Air–fuel ratio (AFR) is the mass ratio of air to a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel present in a combustion process.

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An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

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An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Alberto Santos-Dumont

Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.

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Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.

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Alphonse Pénaud

Alphonse Pénaud (31 May 1850 – 22 October 1880), was a 19th-century French pioneer of aviation design and engineering.

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Amos Root

Amos Ives Root (1839–1923) was an Ohio entrepreneur who developed innovative techniques for beekeeping during the latter 19th century, a period when the practice played an important role in the economy of many communities in the U.S. He founded his own company, which continues in business to the present day.

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Archibald Hoxsey

Archibald Hoxsey (October 15, 1884 – December 31, 1910) was an American aviator who worked for the Wright brothers.

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Armour and Company

Armour & Company was an American company that used to be one of the five leading firms in the meat packing industry.

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Aspect ratio

The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.

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Augustus Moore Herring

Augustus Moore Herring (August 3, 1867 – July 17, 1926) was an American aviation pioneer, who sometimes is claimed by Michigan promoters to be the first true aviator of a motorized heavier-than-air aircraft.

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Burbank, California

Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, United States, northwest of downtown Los Angeles.

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Calbraith Perry Rodgers

Calbraith Perry Rodgers (January 12, 1879 – April 3, 1912) was an American aviation pioneer.

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Camber (aerodynamics)

In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the two acting surfaces of an aerofoil, with the top surface of a wing (or correspondingly the front surface of a propeller blade) commonly being more convex (positive camber).

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Canard (aeronautics)

A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.

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Charles Greeley Abbot

Charles Greeley Abbot (May 31, 1872 – December 17, 1973) was an American astrophysicist and the fifth secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, serving from 1928 until 1944.

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Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith

Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith (22 March 1909 – 3 December 1981) at Information Britain web site was a British polymath historian of aeronautics and aviation.

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Charles Lindbergh

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.

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Charlie Taylor (mechanic)

Charles Edward Taylor (May 24, 1868 – January 30, 1956) was an American inventor, mechanic and machinist.

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Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Chord (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.

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Church of the United Brethren in Christ

The Church of the United Brethren in Christ is an evangelical Christian denomination based in Huntington, Indiana.

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Church of the United Brethren in Christ (New Constitution)

The Church of the United Brethren in Christ (New Constitution) is that part (the majority) of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ which adopted a new constitution in 1889.

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Claims to the first powered flight

Several aviators have been claimed as the first to fly a powered aeroplane.

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Clément Ader

Clément Ader (2 April 1841 – 3 May 1925) was a French inventor and engineer who was born in Muret, Haute-Garonne (a distant suburb of Toulouse), and died in Toulouse.

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Coin flipping

Coin flipping, coin tossing, or heads or tails is the practice of throwing a coin in the air and checking which side is showing when it lands to choose between two alternatives, sometimes to resolve a dispute between two parties.

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The Curtiss-Wright Corporation is an American-based, global diversified product manufacturer and service provider for the commercial, industrial, defense, and energy markets.

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Cylinder block

The cylinder block is an integrated structure comprising the cylinder(s) of a reciprocating engine and often some or all of their associated surrounding structures (coolant passages, intake and exhaust passages and ports, and crankcase).

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Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park

Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park in Dayton, Ohio, United States that commemorates three important historical figures—Wilbur Wright, Orville Wright, and poet Paul Laurence Dunbar—and their work in the Miami Valley.

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Dayton Daily News

The Dayton Daily News (DDN) is a daily newspaper published in Dayton, Ohio, United States.

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Dayton Metro Library

Dayton Metro Library is a multi-branch library system serving 476,000 residents of the Dayton Metropolitan Area.

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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.

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Dearborn, Michigan

Dearborn is a city in the State of Michigan.

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Dihedral (aeronautics)

Dihedral angle is the upward angle from horizontal of the wings or tailplane of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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Dover Publications

Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.

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Dutch Americans

Dutch Americans are Americans of Dutch descent whose ancestors came from the Netherlands in the recent or distant past.

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Elevator (aeronautics)

Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.

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English Americans

English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Ernest Archdeacon

Ernest Archdeacon (Paris, 1863 – Versailles, 1950), was a wealthy French lawyer of Irish descent who was prominent in the pioneering of aviation in France before the First World War.

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Essex is a county in the East of England.

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Flight dynamics

Flight dynamics is the study of the performance, stability, and control of vehicles flying through the air or in outer space.

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Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft)

Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.

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Flight International

Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.

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Fort Myer

Fort Myer is the previous name used for a U.S. Army post next to Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, and across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. Founded during the American Civil War as Fort Cass and Fort Whipple, the post merged in 2005 with the neighboring Marine Corps installation, Henderson Hall, and is today named Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall.

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Frank P. Lahm

Frank Purdy Lahm (November 17, 1877 – July 7, 1963) was an American aviation pioneer, the "nation's first military aviator", and a general officer in the United States Army Air Corps and Army Air Forces.

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Fred C. Kelly

Fred Charters Kelly (1882–1959) was an American humorist, newspaperman, columnist and author.

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Fuel pump

A fuel pump is a frequently (but not always) essential component on a car or other internal combustion engined device.

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George Cayley

Sir George Cayley, 6th Baronet (27 December 1773 – 15 December 1857) was an English engineer, inventor, and aviator.

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German Americans

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

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Glenn Curtiss

Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation and motorcycling pioneer, and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry.

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Gliding is a recreational activity and competitive air sport in which pilots fly unpowered aircraft known as gliders or sailplanes using naturally occurring currents of rising air in the atmosphere to remain airborne.

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Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.

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Great Dayton Flood

The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 resulted from flooding by the Great Miami River reaching Dayton, Ohio, and the surrounding area, causing the greatest natural disaster in Ohio history.

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Great Seal of the Realm

The Great Seal of the Realm or Great Seal of the United Kingdom (known prior to the Treaty of Union of 1707 as the Great Seal of England; and from then until the Union of 1801 as the Great Seal of Great Britain and Ireland) is a seal that is used to symbolise the Sovereign's approval of important state documents.

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Gustave Whitehead

Gustave Albin Whitehead (born Gustav Albin Weisskopf; 1 January 1874 – 10 October 1927) was an aviation pioneer who emigrated from Germany to the United States where he designed and built gliders, flying machines and engines between 1897 and 1915.

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Harry Aubrey Toulmin Sr.

Harry Aubrey Toulmin Sr. (1858 – May 17, 1942) was the American lawyer located in Springfield, Ohio, who wrote the "flying machine" patent application that resulted in the patent granted to Dayton inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright on May 22, 1906.

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Hawthorn Hill

Hawthorn Hill in Oakwood, Ohio, USA, was the post-1914 home of Orville, Milton, and Katharine Wright.

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Henri Farman

Henri Farman (26 May 1874 – 17 July 1958) was an Anglo-French aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman.

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Henry H. Arnold

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.

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Hiram Maxim

Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 February 1840 – 24 November 1916) was an American-born British inventor, best known as the creator of the Maxim Gun, the first portable fully automatic machine gun.

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History by Contract

History by Contract is a book by early aviation researchers Major William J. O'Dwyer, U.S. Air Force Reserve (ret.) and Stella Randolph about aviation pioneer Gustave Whitehead.

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Howard Hughes

Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world.

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Hudson–Fulton Celebration

The Hudson–Fulton Celebration from September 25 to October 9, 1909 in New York and New Jersey was an elaborate commemoration of the 300th anniversary of Henry Hudson’s discovery of the Hudson River and the 100th anniversary of Robert Fulton’s first successful commercial application of the paddle steamer.

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Huffman Prairie

Huffman Prairie, also known as Huffman Prairie Flying Field or Huffman Field is part of Ohio's Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park.

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Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.

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Indianapolis Motor Speedway

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an automobile racing circuit located in Speedway, Indiana (an enclave suburb of Indianapolis) in the United States.

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Jack Frye

William John "Jack" Frye (March 18, 1904 in Sweetwater, Oklahoma – February 3, 1959 in Tucson, Arizona) was an aviation pioneer, who with Paul E. Richter and Walter A. Hamilton, built Trans World Airlines (TWA) into a world class airline during his tenure as president from 1934-1947.

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James M. Cox

James Middleton Cox (March 31, 1870 July 15, 1957) was the 46th and 48th Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Representative from Ohio, and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in the election of 1920.

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John Capper

Major-General Sir John Edward Capper (7 December 1861 – 24 May 1955) was a senior officer of the British Army during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century who served on the North-West Frontier of British India, in South Africa and during the First World War, where he was instrumental in the development of the tank.

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John Glenn

Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio.

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John Joseph Montgomery

John Joseph Montgomery (February 15, 1858 – October 31, 1911) was an American inventor, physicist, engineer, and professor at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California who is best known for his invention of controlled heavier-than-air flying machines.

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John Smeaton

John Smeaton (8 June 1724 – 28 October 1792) was a British civil engineer responsible for the design of bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses.

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John T. Daniels

John Thomas Daniels, Jr. (July 31, 1873 – January 31, 1948) was the amateur photographer who took the photograph of the Wright Brothers' first flight on December 17, 1903.

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Johns Hopkins University Press

The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.

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Karl Jatho

Karl Jatho (3 February 1873 – 8 December 1933) was a German pioneer and inventor, performer and public servant of the city of Hanover.

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Katharine Wright

Katharine Wright Haskell (August 19, 1874 – March 3, 1929) was the only sister who lived past infancy of aviation pioneers Wilbur and Orville Wright.

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Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Kill Devil Hills is a town in Dare County, North Carolina.

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Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

Kitty Hawk is a town in Dare County, North Carolina, and is a part of what is known as North Carolina's Outer Banks.

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Klapmeier brothers

The Klapmeier brothers, Alan Lee Klapmeier (born October 6, 1958) and Dale Edward Klapmeier (born July 2, 1961), are American aircraft designers, aviation businessmen, and entrepreneurs who together founded the Cirrus Design Corporation in 1984.

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L’Aérophile was a French aviation magazine published from 1893 to 1947.

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Langley Aerodrome

The Langley Aerodrome was a pioneering but unsuccessful manned, powered flying machine designed at the close of the 19th century by Smithsonian Institution Secretary Samuel Langley.

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Langley Gold Medal

The Langley Gold Medal, or Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics, is an award given by the Smithsonian Institution for outstanding contributions to the sciences of aeronautics and astronautics.

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Léon Bollée

Léon Bollée (1 April 1870 – 16 December 1913) was a French automobile manufacturer and inventor.

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Léon Delagrange

Ferdinand Léon Delagrange (13 March 1872 – 4 January 1910) was a pioneering French aviator and sculptor.

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Le Mans

Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.

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Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

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Lift-to-drag ratio

In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.

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List of covers of Time magazine (1920s)

This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.

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Lockheed Constellation

The Lockheed Constellation ("Connie") is a propeller-driven, four-engined airliner built by Lockheed Corporation between 1943 and 1958 at Burbank, California.

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Lockheed Corporation

The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.

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Louis Blériot

Louis Charles Joseph Blériot (1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator, inventor and engineer.

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Louis Paulhan

Isidore Auguste Marie Louis Paulhan, known as Louis Paulhan (19 July 1883 – 10 February 1963), was a pioneering French aviator.

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Louisiana Purchase Exposition

The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.

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Magic lantern

The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source.

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Matthew Piers Watt Boulton

Matthew Piers Watt Boulton (22 September 1820 – 30 June 1894), also published under the pseudonym M. P. W.

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Millville, Henry County, Indiana

Millville is an unincorporated community in Liberty Township, Henry County, Indiana, which is a state in the U.S.

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Milton Wright (bishop)

Milton Wright (November 17, 1828 – April 3, 1917) was the father of aviation pioneers Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright, and a Bishop of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ.

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Muslin, also mousseline, is a cotton fabric of plain weave.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.

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National Park Service

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.

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National Weather Service

The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.

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Neil Armstrong

Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon.

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New Rochelle, New York

New Rochelle is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state.

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New York Herald

The New York Herald was a large-distribution newspaper based in New York City that existed between May 6, 1835, and 1924 when it merged with the New-York Tribune.

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Oakwood, Montgomery County, Ohio

Oakwood is a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States.

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Octave Chanute

Octave Chanute (February 18, 1832, Paris – November 23, 1910, Chicago, Illinois) was a French-American civil engineer and aviation pioneer, born in France.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Otto Lilienthal

Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896) was a German pioneer of aviation who became known as the flying man.

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Patent application

A patent application is a request pending at a patent office for the grant of a patent for the invention described and claimed by that application.

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Patent pool

In patent law, a patent pool is a consortium of at least two companies agreeing to cross-license patents relating to a particular technology.

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Patent war

A patent war is a "battle" between corporations or individuals to secure patents for litigation, whether offensively or defensively.

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Patrick Young Alexander

Patrick Young Alexander (28 March 1867 – 7 July 1943) was a British aeronautical pioneer fascinated by the possibility of heavier-than-air flight.

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Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Pau is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

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Paul Laurence Dunbar

Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872 – February 9, 1906) was an American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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The penny-farthing, also known as a high wheel, high wheeler and ordinary, was the first machine to be called a "bicycle".

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Percy Pilcher

Percy Sinclair Pilcher (16 January 1866 – 2 October 1899) was a British inventor and pioneer aviator who was his country's foremost experimenter in unpowered flight at the end of the nineteenth century.

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Philip Orin Parmelee

Philip Orin Parmelee (8 March 1887 – 1 June 1912) was an American aviation pioneer trained by the Wright brothers and credited with several early world aviation records and "firsts" in flight.

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Puritan migration to New England (1620–40)

The Puritan migration to New England was marked in its effects in the two decades from 1620 to 1640, after which it declined sharply for a time.

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Pusher configuration

In a vehicle with a pusher configuration (as opposed to a tractor configuration), the propeller(s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s).

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Ralph Johnstone

Ralph Greenley Johnstone (September 18, 1880 – November 17, 1910) was the first American person to die while piloting an airplane that crashed.

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Richard Pearse

Richard William Pearse (3 December 187729 July 1953) was a New Zealand farmer and inventor who performed pioneering experiments in aviation.

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Richmond, Indiana

Richmond is a city in east central Indiana, United States, bordering on Ohio.

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Rick Steves

Richard Steves (born May 10, 1955) is an American travel writer, author, activist and television personality.

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Robert Cummings

Charles Clarence Robert Orville Cummings (June 9, 1910 – December 2, 1990), was an American film and television actor known mainly for his roles in comedy films such as The Devil and Miss Jones (1941) and Princess O'Rourke (1943), but was also effective in dramatic films, especially two of Alfred Hitchcock's thrillers, Saboteur (1942) and Dial M for Murder (1954).

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Roller chain

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles.

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Royal Aircraft Establishment

The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.

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Russell Ash

Russell Ash (18 June 1946 – 21 June 2010) was the British author of the Top 10 of Everything series of books, as well as Great Wonders of the World, Incredible Comparisons and many other reference, art and humour titles, most notably his series of books on strange-but-true names, Potty, Fartwell & Knob, Busty, Slag and Nob End and (for children) Big Pants, Burpy and Bumface.

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Safety bicycle

A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.

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Samuel Pierpont Langley

Samuel Pierpont Langley (August 22, 1834 – February 27, 1906) was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and aviation pioneer.

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Schenck & Williams

Schenck and Williams was an architectural firm in Dayton, Ohio.

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Science Museum, London

The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.

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Signal Corps (United States Army)

The United States Army Signal Corps (USASC) develops, tests, provides, and manages communications and information systems support for the command and control of combined arms forces.

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Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.

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A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.

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St. Joseph, Michigan


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Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.

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Stinson Aircraft Company

The Stinson Aircraft Company was an aircraft manufacturing company in the United States between the 1920s and the 1950s.

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Supersonic speed

Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).

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Swiss Americans

Swiss Americans are Americans of Swiss descent.

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The Henry Ford

The Henry Ford (also known as the Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation and Greenfield Village, and more formally as the Edison Institute) is a large indoor and outdoor history museum complex and a National Historic Landmark in the Detroit suburb of Dearborn, Michigan, United States.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The New York Times International Edition

The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.

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The Winds of Kitty Hawk

The Winds of Kitty Hawk is a 1978 American made-for-television biographical film directed by E. W. Swackhamer about the Wright brothers and their invention of the first successful powered heavier-than-air flying machine.

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Thomas Selfridge

Thomas Etholen Selfridge (February 8, 1882 – September 17, 1908) was the first person to die in an airplane crash.

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Tractor configuration

An aircraft constructed with a tractor configuration has the engine mounted with the airscrew in front of it so that the aircraft is "pulled" through the air, as opposed to the pusher configuration, in which the airscrew is behind and propels the aircraft forward.

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Traian Vuia

Traian Vuia or Trajan Vuia (August 17, 1872 – September 3, 1950) was a Romanian inventor and aviation pioneer who designed, built and tested the first tractor monoplane.

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Trans World Airlines

Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.

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Truss bridge

A truss bridge is a bridge whose load-bearing superstructure is composed of a truss, a structure of connected elements usually forming triangular units.

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Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Naval Academy

The United States Naval Academy (also known as USNA, Annapolis, or simply Navy) is a four-year coeducational federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

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Vanderbilt family

The Vanderbilt family is an American family of Dutch origin who gained prominence during the Gilded Age.

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Vehicle registration plates of Ohio

License plates are issued in the U.S. state of Ohio for several types of vehicles by the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles, part of the Department of Public Safety.

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Vin Fiz Flyer

The Vin Fiz Flyer was an early Wright Brothers Model EX pusher biplane that in 1911 became the first aircraft to fly coast-to-coast across the U.S., a journey that took almost three months.

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Western Society of Engineers

The Western Society of Engineers is a professional and educational organization founded in Chicago, Illinois, U.S., on May 25, 1869 as the Civil Engineers' Club of the Northwest.

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William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.

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Wind tunnel

A wind tunnel is a tool used in aerodynamic research to study the effects of air moving past solid objects.

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Wing warping

Wing warping was an early system for lateral (roll) control of a fixed-wing aircraft.

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Wolfgang Langewiesche

Wolfgang Langewiesche (pronounced:long-gah-vee-shuh) (1907–2002) aviator, author and journalist, is one of the most quoted authors in aviation writing.

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Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum

Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum (200 acres), located at 118 Woodland Avenue, Dayton, Ohio, is one of the oldest garden cemeteries in the United States.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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Wright Aeronautical

Wright Aeronautical (1919–1929) was an American aircraft manufacturer headquartered in New Jersey.

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Wright Brothers flights of 1909

Airplane inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright are famed for making the first controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flights on 17 December 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

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Wright Brothers Medal

The Wright Brothers Medal was conceived of in 1924 by the Dayton Section of the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the SAE established it in 1927 to recognize individuals who have made notable contributions in the engineering, design, development, or operation of air and space vehicles.

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Wright Company

The Wright Company was the commercial aviation business venture of the Wright Brothers, established by them on November 22, 1909, in conjunction with several prominent industrialists from New York and Detroit with the intention of capitalizing on their invention of the practical airplane.

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Wright Cycle Company

The bicycle business of the Wright brothers, the Wright Cycle Company (originally the Wright Cycle Exchange) successively occupied six different locations in Dayton, Ohio.

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Wright Exhibition Team

The Wright Exhibition Team was a group of early aviators trained by the Wright brothers at Wright Flying School in Montgomery, Alabama in March 1910.

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Wright Flyer

The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.

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Wright Flyer III

The Wright Flyer III was the third powered aircraft by the Wright Brothers, built during the winter of 1904-05.

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Wright Flying School

The Wright Flying School, also known as the Wright School of Aviation, was operated by the Wright Company from 1910 to 1916 and trained 119 individuals to fly Wright airplanes.

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Wright Glider

The Wright brothers designed, built and flew a series of three manned gliders in 1900–1902 as they worked towards achieving powered flight.

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Wright Model A

The Wright Model A was an early aircraft produced by the Wright Brothers in the United States beginning in 1906.

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Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.

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First airplane, First in flight, Orville Wright, Orville and Wilbur, Orville and Wilbur Wright, The Wright Brothers, Wilbur & Orville Wright, Wilbur Wright, Wilbur and Orville Wright, Wright Bros, Wright Brothers, Wright bros.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers

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