169 relations: Academia Sinica, Achillea millefolium, Acupuncture, Analects, Arthur Waley, Austroasiatic languages, Austronesian languages, Śramaṇa, Bernhard Karlgren, Berthold Laufer, Bon, Book of Documents, Book of Rites, Bu Ju, Cantonese, Chen Mengjia, Chengyu, Chinese bronze inscriptions, Chinese characters, Chinese classics, Chinese compound surname, Chinese dictionary, Chinese language, Chinese surname, Chongqing, Chu (state), Chu Ci, Classic of Mountains and Seas, Cleromancy, Cognomen, Confucius, Cross potent, Dagger-axe, David Hawkes (sinologist), Demonic possession, Dream interpretation, Drought, Duke of Zhou, Edward H. Schafer, Emperor Shun, Emperor Wu of Han, Empress Chen Jiao, Eric Moo, Etymology, Freer Gallery of Art, Fujian, Golden Age, Gu (poison), Guoyu (book), Han dynasty, ..., Han unification, Hanyu Da Zidian, Heavenly Questions, Heraldry, Historical Chinese phonology, Historical linguistics, Homeopathy, Homo erectus, Indo-Iranian languages, Iranian languages, James George Frazer, Japanese language, Jin (Chinese state), Jiu Ge, Joseph Needham, Jurchen people, King Zhao of Chu, Korean language, Kwang-chih Chang, Large Seal Script, Li Fang-Kuei, Li Sao, List of Chuci contents, List of nature deities, List of wu shaman, Liu An, Liu Ju, Loanword, Lu (state), Magi, Magician (paranormal), Manchu people, Max Dashu, Medicine man, Mediumship, Middle Chinese, Miko, Mongolian language, Mongolic languages, Moxibustion, Nine Changes, Old Chinese, Old Persian, Old Texts, Oneiromancy, Oracle bone, Oracle bone script, Oroqen people, Proper noun, Qi (state), Qin (state), Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, Qing dynasty, Qu Yuan, Radical (Chinese characters), Rain Clouds over Wushan, Rainmaking, Rainmaking (ritual), Records of the Grand Historian, Scapulimancy, Seal script, Sexism, Shamanism, Shamanism in Siberia, Shamanism in the Qing dynasty, Shang dynasty, Shao, Shaohao, Shen (Chinese religion), Shuowen Jiezi, Sichuan, Sino-Tibetan languages, Standard Chinese, Standard Tibetan, Sympathetic magic, Tai Jia, Tai Wu, Tang of Shang, Thai language, Thaumaturgy, The Great Summons, Three Gorges, Tibetan alphabet, Tongji (spirit medium), Toponymy, Traditional Chinese medicine, Transcription into Chinese characters, Turkic languages, Turkish language, Variant Chinese character, Velar consonant, Victor H. Mair, Wanyan Xiyin, Wei (state), Witch doctor, Witchcraft, Wu (surname), Wu Ding, Wu Gorge, Wu Xian (astronomer), Wushan County, Chongqing, Wushan Man, Xi, Xian (Taoism), Xu Fu, Yangtze, Yi Yin, Yu Fu, Yuan You, Yubu, Yue (state), Zhao (surname), Zhao Hun, Zheng (state), Zhou dynasty, Zhuanxu, Zou Yan, Zu Yi. Expand index (119 more) » « Shrink index
Academia Sinica (literally "Central Research Academy"; "Chinese Academy" in Latin), headquartered in the Nangang District of Taipei, is the national academy of Taiwan.
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Achillea millefolium, known commonly as yarrow or common yarrow, is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae.
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Acupuncture (from Latin, 'acus' (needle) + 'punctura' (to puncture)) is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) involving inserting thin needles into the body at acupuncture points.
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The Analects, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius' followers.
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Arthur David Waley CH CBE (born Arthur David Schloss, 19 August 188927 June 1966) was an English Orientalist and sinologist who achieved both popular and scholarly acclaim for his translations of Chinese and Japanese poetry.
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The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China.
The Austronesian languages is a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members on continental Asia.
Śramaṇa in Sanskrit (samaṇa in Pali) means "beautiful mind." It was an Indian religious movement parallel to but separate from the historical Vedic religion.
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Klas Bernhard Johannes Karlgren (15 October 1889 – 20 October 1978) was a Swedish sinologist and linguist who pioneered the study of Chinese historical phonology using modern comparative methods.
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Berthold Laufer (October 11, 1874 – September 13, 1934) was an anthropologist and historical geographer with an expertise in East Asian languages.
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Bon or Bön is a Tibetan religious tradition or sect, being distinct from Buddhist ones in its particular myths, although many of its teachings, terminology and rituals resemble Tibetan Buddhism.
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The Book of Documents (Shujing, earlier Shu-king) or Classic of History, also known as the Shangshu, is one of the Five Classics of ancient Chinese literature.
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The Book of Rites or Liji, literally the Record of Rites, is a collection of texts describing the social forms, administration, and ceremonial rites of the Zhou dynasty as they were understood in the Warring States and the early Han periods.
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Bu Ju (Pinyin: Bǔ Jū; Divination) is a short work anthologized in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes called The Songs of the South).
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Cantonese, or Standard Cantonese (廣東話, 广东话; originally known as 廣州話, 广州话), is the dialect of Yue Chinese spoken in the vicinity of Canton (Guangzhou) in southern China.
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Chen Mengjia (or Ch'en Meng-chia; 1911–1966) was a Chinese scholar, poet and archaeologist.
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Chengyu (pinyin: chéngyǔ, lit. "set phrases") are a type of traditional Chinese idiomatic expressions, most of which consist of four characters.
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Chinese bronze inscriptions, also commonly referred to as Bronze script or Bronzeware script are writing in a variety of Chinese scripts on Chinese ritual bronzes such as zhōng bells and dǐng tripodal cauldrons from the Shang dynasty to the Zhou dynasty and even later.
Chinese characters are logograms used in the writing of Chinese and some other Asian languages.
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Chinese classic texts or canonical texts (Chinese: t, s, p Zhōngguó gǔdiǎn diǎnjí) refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty in particularly the "Four Books and Five Classics" of the Neo-Confucian tradition, themselves a customary abridgment of the "Thirteen Classics".
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A Chinese compound surname is a Chinese surname using more than one character.
The Chinese language has two words for dictionary: zidian (character/logograph dictionary) for written forms, that is, Chinese characters, and cidian (word/phrase dictionary), for spoken forms.
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Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
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Chinese surnames are used by Han Chinese and Sinicized ethnic groups in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, Vietnam and among overseas Chinese communities.
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Chongqing (formerly Chungking) is a major city in Southwest China and one of the five national central cities in China.
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Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state. Following the trend of the time, the rulers of Chu declared themselves kings on an equal footing with the Zhou rulers from the time of King Wu in the early 8th century BC. Though initially inconsequential, removed to the south of the Zhou heartland and practising differing customs, Chu became a successful expansionist state during the Spring and Autumn period. It was ultimately incorporated into the prestigious Zhou court and interstate relations as a viscounty, a title bestowed in order to pacify it. With its continued expansion Chu became a great if corrupt Warring States power, and its culture a major influence on the Han dynasty. Also known as Jing (荆) and Jingchu (荆楚), Chu included most of the present-day provinces of Hubei and Hunan, along with parts of Chongqing, Guizhou, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. For more than 400 years, the Chu capital Danyang was located at the junction of the Dan and Xi Rivers near present-day Xichuan County, Henan, but later moved to Ying. The ruling house of Chu originally bore the ancestral name Nai (嬭) and clan name Yan (酓), but they are later written as Mi (芈) and Xiong (熊), respectively.
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The Chu Ci, variously translated as Verses of Chu or Songs of Chu, is an anthology of Chinese poetry traditionally attributed mainly to Qu Yuan and Song Yu from the Warring States period (ended 221 BC), though about half of the poems seem to have been composed several centuries later, during the Han dynasty.
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The Classic of Mountains and Seas or Shan Hai Jing, formerly romanized as the Shan-hai Ching, is a Chinese classic text and a compilation of mythic geography and myth.
Cleromancy is a form of sortition, casting of lots, in which an outcome is determined by means that normally would be considered random, such as the rolling of dice, but are sometimes believed to reveal the will of God, or other supernatural entities.
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A cognomen (Latin plural cōgnōmina; con- "together with" and (g)nōmen "name") was the third name of a citizen of ancient Rome, under Roman naming conventions.
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Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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A cross potent, also known as a crutch cross, is a form of heraldic cross with crossbars or "crutches" at the four ends.
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The dagger-axe (sometimes confusingly translated "halberd") or ge is a type of pole weapon that was in use from the Shang dynasty until the Han dynasty in China.
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David Hawkes (6 July 1923 – 31 July 2009) was a British sinologist and translator.
Demonic possession is held by many belief systems to be the spirit possession of an individual by a malevolent preternatural being, commonly known as a demon.
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Dream Interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams.
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A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in its water supply, whether atmospheric, surface or ground water.
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The Duke of Zhou was a member of the Zhou Dynasty who played a major role in consolidating the kingdom established by his elder brother King Wu.
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Edward Hetzel Schafer (23 August 1913 – 9 February 1991) was an American sinologist noted for his expertise on the Tang dynasty, and was a professor of Chinese at University of California, Berkeley for 35 years.
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Shun, also known as Emperor Shun and Chonghua, was a legendary leader of ancient China, regarded by some sources as one of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.
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Emperor Wu of Han (30 June 156BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.
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Empress Chen of Wu (孝武陳皇后), also known as Deposed Empress Chen (陳廢后) and in unofficial history as Chen Jiao or as her milk name A'Jiao (阿嬌), was an empress during Han Dynasty.
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Eric Moo Chii Yuan (born 9 February 1963), better known as Eric Moo or Wu Qixian, is a Malaysian Chinese award-winning singer-songwriter and record producer.
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Etymology is the study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.
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The Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery form the Smithsonian Institution's national museums of Asian art in the United States.
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Fujian, formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, or Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
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The term Golden Age (Chryson Genos) comes from Greek mythology and legend and refers to the first in a sequence of four or five (or more) Ages of Man, in which the Golden Age is first, followed in sequence, by the Silver, Bronze, Heroic, and then the present (Iron), which is a period of decline, sometimes followed by the Leaden Age.
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Gu or jincan (lit. "gold silkworm") was a venom-based poison associated with cultures of south China, particularly Nanyue.
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The Guoyu, or Discourses of the States, is an ancient Chinese text that collects the historical records of numerous states from the Western Zhou to 453 BC.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Han unification is an effort by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the so-called CJK languages into a single set of unified characters.
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The Hanyu Da Zidian is a reference work on Chinese characters.
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The Heavenly Questions or Questions to Heaven is an important piece contained in the Classical Chinese poetry collection the Chu Ci, a collection which is important both in terms of poetry and as a source for information on the ancient culture of China, especially the area of the ancient state of Chu.
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Heraldry is the profession, study, or art of creating, granting, and blazoning arms and ruling on questions of rank or protocol, as exercised by an officer of arms.
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Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
Homeopathy is a system of alternative medicine created in 1796 by Samuel Hahnemann based on his doctrine of like cures like (similia similibus curentur), a claim that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar symptoms in sick people.
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Homo erectus (meaning "upright man", from the Latin ērigere, "to put up, set upright") is an extinct species of hominid that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
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The Indo-Iranian languages or Indo-Iranic languages and sometimes in older literature known as the Aryan languages, constitute the largest and easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Iranian languages or Iranic languages form a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, which in turn are a branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Sir James George Frazer (1 January 1854 – 7 May 1941), was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
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Jin, originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the center of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.
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Jiu Ge, or Nine Songs, is an ancient set of poems.
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Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham, CH, FRS, FBA (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995), also known as Li Yuese, was a British scientist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science.
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The Jurchens or Jurcheds (Jurchen language: jušen) were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until the 17th century, at which point they began referring to themselves as the Manchu people.
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King Zhao of Chu (died 489 BC) was from 515 to 489 BC the king of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.
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Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.
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Kwang-chih Chang (1931–2001), also known as K.C. Chang, was a Chinese/Taiwanese archaeologist and sinologist.
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Large Seal script or Great Seal script is a traditional reference to Chinese writing from before the Qin dynasty, and is now popularly understood to refer narrowly to the writing of the Western and early Eastern Zhou dynasties, and more broadly to also include the oracle bone script.
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Li Fang-Kuei (20 August 190221 August 1987) was a Chinese linguist, sinologist, and professor of Chinese at the University of Washington.
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"Li Sao" is a Chinese poem dating from the Warring States period of ancient China.
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List of Chuci contents refers to the sections and individual pieces contained within the ancient poetry anthology Chu Ci, also known as Songs of the South or Songs of Chu, which is an anthology of Classical Chinese poetry verse traditionally attributed to Qu Yuan and Song Yu from the Warring States period, though about half of the poems seem to have been composed several centuries later, during the Han Dynasty.
In nature worship, a nature deity is a deity in charge of forces of nature such as water deity, vegetation deity, sky deity, solar deity, fire deity or any other naturally occurring phenomena such as death deity or fertility deity.
Wu shaman are spirit mediums who have practiced divination, prayer, sacrifice, rainmaking, and healing in Chinese traditions dating back over 3,000 years.
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Liú Ān (c. 179–122 BC) was a Han dynasty Chinese prince and an advisor to his nephew, Emperor Wu of Han (武帝).
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Liu Ju (Traditional Chinese: 劉據) (128 BC – 91 BC), formally known as Crown Prince Wei (衛太子) and posthumously as Crown Prince Li (戾太子, literally "the Unrepentant Crown Prince") was a Western Han Dynasty crown prince. He was the eldest son and the heir apparent to his father, Emperor Wu of Han, until his death at age 38 during the political turmoil in 91 BC. Contrary to his less-than-flattering posthumous name, Liu Ju was generally regarded by historians as a well-mannered, benevolent, morally upright man who, by circumstances out of his control, was forced into an uprising against his father's army and died as a consequence of the rebellion.
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A loanword (or loan word or loan-word) is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language without translation.
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Lu (c. 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
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Magi (Latin plural of magus; μάγος magos; Old Persian: maguš, مُغ mogh; English singular magian, mage, magus, magusian, magusaean; Kurdish: manji, Turkish: mecaz) is a term, used since at least the 6th century BCE, to denote followers of Zoroastrianism or Zoroaster.
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A magician is a practitioner of magic who attains objectives or acquires knowledge using supernatural means.
The Manchu are a Chinese ethnic minority and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
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Maxine Hammond, known professionally as Max Dashu, (born 1950 in the United States) is an American feminist historian, blogger and artist.
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A medicine man or medicine woman is a traditional healer and spiritual leader among Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada.
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Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.
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Middle Chinese, formerly known as Ancient Chinese, is the historical variety of Chinese that is phonologically recorded in the Qieyun, a rime dictionary first published in 601 and followed by several revised and expanded editions.
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Miko (巫女) is a Japanese ShintoGroemer, 28.
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The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script:, Mongɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel) is the official language of Mongolia and largest-known member of the Mongolic language family.
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The Mongolic languages are a group of languages spoken in East-Central Asia, mostly in Mongolia and surrounding areas plus in Kalmykia.
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Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese medicine therapy using moxa made from dried mugwort (Artemisia argyi).
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"Nine Changes" is one of the 17 major sections of the ancient Chinese poetry collection Chu ci, also known as The Songs of the South or The Songs of Chu.
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Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the form of Chinese spoken from the beginning of written records (around 1200 BC) until the 3rd century BC.
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The Old Persian language or Achaemenian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).
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In Chinese philology, the Old Texts refer to some versions of the Five Classics discovered during the Han Dynasty, written in archaic characters and supposedly produced before the burning of the books, as opposed to the Modern Texts or New Texts (今文經) in the new orthography.
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Oneiromancy (from the Greek όνειροϛ oneiros, dream, and μαντεία manteia, prophecy) is a form of divination based upon dreams; it is a system of dream interpretation that uses dreams to predict the future.
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Oracle bones are pieces of turtle shell or bone, normally from ox scapulae or turtle plastrons, which were used for pyromancy – a form of divination – in ancient China, mainly during the late Shang dynasty.
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Oracle bone script is the set of incised (or, rarely, brush-written) ancient Chinese characters found on oracle bones, which were animal bones or turtle shells used in divination in Bronze Age China.
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The Oroqen people (Mongolian:; also spelt Orochen or Orochon) are an ethnic group in northern China.
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A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
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Qi (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
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Qin (Old Chinese: *; Wade-Giles: Ch'in) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
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The Qin dynasty was the first imperial dynasty of Ancient China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
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Qin Shi Huang (260–210 BCWood, Frances. (2008). China's First Emperor and His Terracotta Warriors, pp. 2–33. Macmillan Publishing, 2008. ISBN 0-312-38112-3.), personal name Ying Zheng, was the King of the state of Qin (r. 246–221 BCDuiker, William J. & al. World History: Volume I: To 1800, 5th ed., p. 78. Thomson Higher Education Publishing, 2006. ISBN 0-495-05053-9.) who conquered all other Warring States and united China in 221 BC.
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The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Empire of the Great Qing, or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.
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Qu Yuan (c. 339 BC–unknown; alt. c. 340–278 BC) was a Chinese poet and minister who lived during the Warring States period of ancient China.
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A Chinese radical is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary.
Rain Clouds over Wushan (also known as In Expectation) is a 1995 Chinese film directed by Zhang Ming and written by Zhu Wen.
Rainmaking, also known as artificial precipitation or artificial rainfall, is the act of attempting to artificially induce or increase precipitation, usually to stave off drought.
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Rainmaking is a weather modification ritual that attempts to invoke rain.
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The Records of the Grand Historian (Chinese: Tàishǐgōng shū 太史公書), now known as the Shǐjì 史記 – (Scribe's records), is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 109 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.
Scapulimancy (also spelled scapulomancy and scapulamancy, also termed omoplatoscopy) is the practice of divination by use of scapulae (shoulder blades).
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Seal script is an ancient style of Chinese calligraphy.
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Sexism or gender discrimination is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.
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Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.
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Shamanism represents a large minority in North Asia, particularly Siberia, which is regarded by some as the heartland of shamanism.
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Shamanism was the dominant religion of the Jurchen people of northeast Asia and of their descendants, the Manchu people.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
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Shao (Cantonese Romanisation: Shiu; Gwoyeu Romatzyh: Shaw) is a common Chinese family name.
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Shaohao (少昊), also known as Shao Hao, Jin Tian or Xuanxiao, was a Chinese emperor in 2600 BC.
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Shen is a key word in Chinese philosophy, religion, and traditional medicine.
Shuowen Jiezi, often shortened to Shuowen, was an early 2nd-century Chinese dictionary from the Han Dynasty.
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Sichuan (formerly Szechwan or Szechuan) is a province in southwest China.
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The Sino-Tibetan languages are a family of more than 400 languages spoken in East Asia, Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia. The family is second only to the Indo-European languages in terms of the number of native speakers. The Sino-Tibetan languages with the most native speakers are the varieties of Chinese (1.2 billion speakers), Burmese (33 million) and the Tibetic languages (8 million). Many Sino-Tibetan languages are spoken by small communities in remote mountain areas and are poorly documented. Several low-level groupings are well established, but the higher-level structure of the family remains unclear. Although the family is often presented as divided into Sinitic and Tibeto-Burman branches, a common origin of the non-Sinitic languages has never been demonstrated, and is rejected by an increasing number of researchers. A minority of researchers call the whole family "Tibeto-Burman", and the name "Trans-Himalayan" has also been proposed.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
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Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.
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Sympathetic magic, also known as imitative magic, is a type of magic based on imitation or correspondence.
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Tai Jia or Da Jia, personal name Zhi (至), was the son of Prince Da Ding (son of King Tang) and a king of the ancient Chinese Shang dynasty.
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Da Wu or Tai Wu (太戊) was a Shang dynasty King of China.
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Tang (– 1646 BC) or Cheng Tang (成湯), recorded on oracle bones as Da Yi (大乙), was the first king of the Shang dynasty in Chinese history.
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Thai, also known precisely as Siamese or Central Thai, is the national and official language of Thailand and the native language of the Thai people and the vast majority of Thai Chinese.
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Thaumaturgy (from the Greek words θαῦμα thaûma, meaning "miracle" or "marvel" and ἔργον érgon, meaning "work") is the capability of a magician or a saint to work magic or miracles.
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"The Great Summons" or "Da Zhao" is one of the poems anthologized in the ancient Chinese poetry collection, the Chu ci, also known as The Songs of the South.
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The Three Gorges is a scenic area along the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in the People's Republic of China, which is classified as a AAAAA scenic area (the highest level) by the China National Tourism Administration.
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The Tibetan alphabet is an abugida of Indic origin used to write the Tibetan language as well as Dzongkha, the Sikkimese language, Ladakhi, and sometimes Balti.
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Tongji or Jitong is a Chinese folk religion religious specialist, usually translated as a "spirit medium", "oracle", or "shaman".
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
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Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a broad range of medicine practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of more than 2,000 years, including various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (Tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy.
Transcription into Chinese refers to the use of traditional or simplified characters to communicate the sound of terms and names foreign to Chinese.
The Turkic languages are a language family of at least thirty-five languages, spoken by Turkic peoples from Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean to Siberia and Western China, and are proposed to be part of the controversial Altaic language family.
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Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeastern Europe and 55–60 million native speakers in Western Asia.
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Variant Chinese characters (Kanji: 異体字; Hepburn: itaiji; Hanja: 異體字; Hangul: 이체자; Revised Romanization: icheja) are Chinese characters that are homophones and synonyms.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
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Victor Henry Mair (born March 25, 1943) is an American sinologist and professor of Chinese at the University of Pennsylvania.
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Wanyan Xiyin (?-1140) was a trusted advisor of the Jurchen chieftain, Wanyan Aguda (later the Emperor Taizu, the first emperor of the Jin dynasty).
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Wei (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Warring States period.
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A witch doctor was originally a type of healer who treated ailments believed to be caused by witchcraft.
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Witchcraft (also called witchery or spellcraft) broadly means the practice of, and belief in, magical skills and abilities that are able to be exercised individually, by designated social groups, or by persons with the necessary esoteric secret knowledge.
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Wu is the Pinyin transliteration of the Chinese surname 吳 (Traditional Chinese), 吴 (Simplified Chinese), which is the tenth most common surname in Mainland China.
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Wu Ding (武丁) was a king of the Shang dynasty in ancient China, whose reign lasted from approximately 1250-1192 BC.
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Wu Gorge, sometimes called Great Gorge, is the second gorge of the Three Gorges system on the Yangtze River, People's Republic of China.
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Wu Xian (Chinese: 巫咸) was a Chinese Shaman.
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Wushan County is a county located in Chongqing municipality.
Wushan Man (literally "Shaman Mountain Man") are the remains of an extinct ape.
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Xi may refer to.
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Xian is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as.
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Xu Fu (Hsu Fu) was born in 255 BC in Qi, an ancient Chinese state, and served as a court sorcerer in Qin Dynasty China.
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The Yangtze River, (Chinese: 长江, Cháng Jiāng), known in China as the Chang Jiang or the Yangzi, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
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Yi Yin (born Yī Zhì (伊挚), also known as A Heng (阿衡)), was a minister of the early Shang dynasty, and one of the honoured officials of the era.
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"Yu Fu" or "The Fisherman" is a short work anthologized in the Chu Ci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes called The Songs of the South. Traditionally attributed to Qu Yuan, there is little likelihood that he is the actual author (Hawks 2011: 203). Rather, "Yu fu" is a biographical or pseudobiographical account of an incident in poet and scholar Qu Yuan's life. It mostly in prose, but with a short, incidental verse known as "the fisherman's song". This song, and the accompanying prose description of Qu Yuan's encounter with a fisherman during his exile are well known in Classical Chinese literature. Furthermore, "Yu fu" represents a common motif: the story of the encounter between a scholar and a fisherman also appears in the Zhuangzi, chapter 31, as an encounter between Confucius and a fisherman. There are a number of other Daoist parables of a similar nature; and, the fisherman's song itself appears in identical form in the Mencius, but there put into the mouth of a child, instead of an old fisherman. (Hawks 2011: 204 and 207).
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"Yuanyou" or Far-off Journey (Pinyin: Yuǎnyóu; Far Roaming) is a short work anthologized in the Chuci (楚辭 Songs of Chu, sometimes called The Songs of the South).
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Yubu, translated as Pace(s) of Yu or Step(s) of Yu, is the basic mystic dance step of religious Daoism.
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Yue (Old Chinese: *), also known as Yuyue, was a state in ancient China which existed during the first millennium BC the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of China's Zhou dynasty in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.
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Zhao, Chao or Chiu (Triệu) is a common Chinese family name, ranking as the 7th most common surname in Mainland China and carried mainly by people of Mandarin-speaking regions.
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Summons of the Soul, Summoning of the Soul, or Zhao Hun (Pinyin: Zhāo Hún) is one of the poems anthologized in the ancient Chinese poetry collection, the Chu ci.
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Zheng (Old Chinese: *) was a vassal state in China during the Zhou Dynasty (1046–221 BCE) located in the centre of ancient China in modern-day Henan Province on the North China Plain about east of the royal capital at Luoyang.
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The Zhou dynasty was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
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Zhuanxu (Chinese: trad. 頊, simp. 颛顼, pinyin Zhuānxū), also known as Gaoyang (t 陽, s 高阳, p Gāoyáng), was a mythological emperor of ancient China.
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Zou Yan (305240 BC) was an ancient Chinese philosopher best known as the representative thinker of the Yin and Yang School (or School of Naturalists) during the Hundred Schools of Thought era in Chinese philosophy.
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Zu Yi (祖乙) was a Shang dynasty King of China.
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