50 relations: Anglican Communion, Barrister, Call to the bar, Calligraphy, Chen Jiongming, Chinese culture, Commercial code (law), Constitutional Protection Movement, Criminal code, Diplomatic rank, Duan Qirui, Ernest Mason Satow, Feng Guozhang, Foreign minister, Frederick A. Stokes, Frederick Stewart (colonial administrator), Guangdong, Guangzhou, History of China, Hugh Bold Gibb, John Jackson Smale, John Pope Hennessy, Judicial independence, Kai Ho, Legislative Council of Hong Kong, Li Jingxi, Li Yuanhong, Lincoln's Inn, Lingchi, List of premiers of China, Malacca, Nanjing, Peru, Posthumous execution, Premier of the Republic of China, Progressive Party (China), Qing dynasty, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republican Party (China), Shen Jiaben, St. Paul's College, Hong Kong, Straits Settlements, Sun Yat-sen, Taiwan, Torture, University College London, Unofficial Member, Wong Shing, Wu Chaoshu, Xinhai Revolution.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
Chen Jiongming (13 January 187822 September 1933), also romanized as Chan Kwing Ming in Cantonese, was a revolutionary figure in the early period of the Republic of China.
Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.
In law, a commercial code is a codification of private law relating to merchants, trade, business entities (especially companies), commercial contracts and other matters such as negotiable instruments.
The Constitutional Protection Movement was a series of movements led by Sun Yat-sen to resist the Beiyang Government between 1917 and 1922, in which Sun established another government in Guangzhou as a result. It was known as the Third Revolution by the Kuomintang. The constitution that it intended to protect refers to the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
A criminal code (or penal code) is a document which compiles all, or a significant amount of, a particular jurisdiction's criminal law.
Diplomatic rank is a system of professional and social rank used in the world of diplomacy and international relations.
Duan Qirui (6 March 1865 – 2 November 1936) was a Chinese warlord and politician, a commander of the Beiyang Army and the acting Chief Executive of the Republic of China (in Beijing) from 1924–26.
Sir Ernest Mason Satow, (30 June 1843 – 26 August 1929), was a British scholar, diplomat and Japanologist.
Féng Guózhāng, (courtesy: Huafu 華甫 or 華符) (January 7, 1859 – December 12, 1919) was a key Beiyang Army general and politician in early republican China.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
Frederick Abbott Stokes (November 4, 1857 – November 15, 1939) was an American publisher, founder and long-time head of the eponymous Frederick A. Stokes Company.
Frederick Stewart (October 30, 1836 – 1889) was an educationist and British colonial administrator, who served as the Colonial Secretary in Hong Kong from 1887 to 1889.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
Hugh Bold Gibb was a British businessman in Hong Kong and China and member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
Sir John Jackson Smale (1 March 1805 – 13 August 1882) was a British lawyer and judge.
Sir John Pope Hennessy, (5 April 1834 – 7 October 1891), was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator who served as the eighth Governor of Hong Kong and the fifteenth Governor of Mauritius.
Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary needs to be kept away from the other branches of government.
Sir Kai Ho, CMG, JP, MRCS (1859–1914), better known as Sir Kai Ho Kai, born Ho Shan-kai, was a Hong Kong barrister, physician and essayist in Colonial Hong Kong.
The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (LegCo) is the unicameral parliamentary legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
Li Jingxi (born 1857) was a politician in the Republic of China.
Li Yuanhong (courtesy name Songqing 宋卿) (October 19, 1864 – June 3, 1928) was a Chinese politician during the Qing dynasty and the republican era.
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar.
Lingchi, translated variously as the slow process, the lingering death, or slow slicing, and also known as death by a thousand cuts, was a form of torture and execution used in China from roughly 900 CE until it was banned in 1905.
This is a list of the Premiers of China from 1911–1912 during the Qing dynasty, 1912 onwards of the Republic of China and 1949 onwards of the People's Republic of China.
Malacca (Melaka; மலாக்கா) dubbed "The Historic State", is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Posthumous execution is the ritual or ceremonial mutilation of an already dead body as a punishment.
The President of the Executive Yuan, commonly known as the Premier of Republic of China (sometimes as Prime Minister), is the head of the Executive Yuan, the executive branch of the Republic of China on Taiwan.
The Progressive Party was a political party in the Republic of China from 1913 to 1916.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republican Party was a short-lived political party in the Republican era of China from 1912 to 1913.
Shen Jiaben (1840 – 1913), alias Jiyi, was a Late Qing Chinese politician and jurist from Huzhou, Zhejiang province.
The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.
Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Unofficial Member is the name given to individuals who are members of the Executive Council of Hong Kong and Legislative Council of Hong Kong but who are not members of the Hong Kong Government.
Wong Shing, alias Wong Pin Po (1827 – 5 August 1902), was a Hong Kong and Chinese journalist, publisher, businessman and member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
Wu Chaoshu (Traditional Chinese: 伍朝樞; Simplified Chinese: 伍朝枢; Hanyu Pinyin: Wǔ Cháoshū; Wade-Giles: Wu Ch'ao-shu) (23 May 1887 – 3 January 1934), also known as C.C. Wu, was Foreign Minister of the Republic of China in 1927-8, and was Minister to the United States from 1928 to 1931. He was the son of former Minister to the United States Wu Tingfang. Wu was born in Tientsin. He went to Atlantic City High School and was valedictorian there in 1904. He graduated from the University of London in 1911. He was elected a member of the Chinese parliament in 1913. In 1917, he joined Sun Yatsen's Constitution Protection Movement, and in 1918 was made Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs. He remained in this post until 1923, despite Sun's exile and subsequent return. In 1919 he was China's chief delegate to the Versailles Peace Conference. In March 1923, Chao became Foreign Affairs Minister in Sun's government-in-exile. He became Foreign Minister of the Republic of China under Chiang Kai-shek in 1927. He then served as Minister to the United States from 1928 to 1931, and Representative to the League of Nations in 1929-30.. He was the delegate to The Hague Conference for the Modification of International Law in 1930. He resigned as Minister to the United States in 1931 as a protest against the supply of arms to the Nanking government against the rival Cantonese government. Wu married Pao Fang-ho, and the couple had eight children. Wu's grandson is US federal judge George H. Wu.
The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).