38 relations: Absorption spectroscopy, Amorphous solid, Biology, Catalysis, Cauchy distribution, Chemistry, Cluster chemistry, Condensed matter physics, Core electron, Crystal structure, Doping (semiconductor), Earth science, Electronics, Exciton, Extended X-ray absorption fine structure, Inverse trigonometric functions, Ion, Ion implantation, Ligand K-edge, Liquid, Materials science, Metal K-edge, Metal L-edge, Metalloprotein, Molecular physics, Organometallic chemistry, Photoelectric effect, Photon, Principal quantum number, Selection rule, Solid solution, Solution, Synchrotron radiation, Water, X-ray, X-ray absorption fine structure, X-ray absorption near edge structure, X-ray crystallography.
Absorption spectroscopy refers to spectroscopic techniques that measure the absorption of radiation, as a function of frequency or wavelength, due to its interaction with a sample.
In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous (from the Greek a, without, morphé, shape, form) or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order that is characteristic of a crystal.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
The Cauchy distribution, named after Augustin Cauchy, is a continuous probability distribution.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
In chemistry, a cluster is an ensemble of bound atoms or molecules that is intermediate in size between a molecule and a bulk solid.
Condensed matter physics is the field of physics that deals with the macroscopic and microscopic physical properties of matter.
Core electrons are the electrons in an atom that are not valence electrons and therefore do not participate in bonding.
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
In semiconductor production, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical properties.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
An exciton is a bound state of an electron and an electron hole which are attracted to each other by the electrostatic Coulomb force.
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) includes both Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) and X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES).
In mathematics, the inverse trigonometric functions (occasionally also called arcus functions, antitrigonometric functions or cyclometric functions) are the inverse functions of the trigonometric functions (with suitably restricted domains).
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ion implantation is low-temperature process by which ions of one element are accelerated into a solid target, thereby changing the physical, chemical, or electrical properties of the target.
Ligand K-edge spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique used to study the electronic structures of metal-ligand complexes.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.
Metal K-edge spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique used to study the electronic structures of transition metal atoms and complexes.
Metal L-edge spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique used to study the electronic structures of transition metal atoms and complexes.
Metalloprotein is a generic term for a protein that contains a metal ion cofactor.
Molecular physics is the study of the physical properties of molecules, the chemical bonds between atoms as well as the molecular dynamics.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons or other free carriers when light shines on a material.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
In quantum mechanics, the principal quantum number (symbolized n) is one of four quantum numbers which are assigned to all electrons in an atom to describe that electron's state.
In physics and chemistry, a selection rule, or transition rule, formally constrains the possible transitions of a system from one quantum state to another.
A solid solution is a solid-state solution of one or more solutes in a solvent.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
Synchrotron radiation (also known as magnetobremsstrahlung radiation) is the electromagnetic radiation emitted when charged particles are accelerated radially, i.e., when they are subject to an acceleration perpendicular to their velocity.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) is a specific structure observed in X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS).
X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), also known as near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), is a type of absorption spectroscopy that indicates the features in the X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of condensed matter due to the photoabsorption cross section for electronic transitions from an atomic core level to final states in the energy region of 50–100 eV above the selected atomic core level ionization energy, where the wavelength of the photoelectron is larger than the interatomic distance between the absorbing atom and its first neighbour atoms.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.