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XXI Bomber Command

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The XXI Bomber Command (XXI BC) was a unit of the Twentieth Air Force in the Mariana Islands for strategic bombing during World War II. [1]

90 relations: AN/APQ-7, Andersen Air Force Base, Battle of Guam (1944), Battle of Iwo Jima, Battle of Saipan, Battle of Tinian, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Bombing of Tokyo (10 March 1945), Carl Spaatz, China Burma India Theater, Chuuk Lagoon, Colorado, Conflagration, Curtis LeMay, Doolittle Raid, Firestorm, Guam, Harmon Air Force Base, Haywood S. Hansell, Henry H. Arnold, Hokkaido, Honshu, Incendiary device, Iwo Jima, Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, Jet stream, Kansas, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Kōriyama, Kobe, List of United States Army airfields, Manhattan Project, Mariana Islands, Musashino, Tokyo, Nagoya, Nakajima Aircraft Company, North Field (Tinian), Northwest Field (Guam), Operation Matterhorn, Operation Starvation, Osaka, Pagan (island), Peterson Air Force Base, Saipan, Saipan International Airport, Salina Regional Airport, Seabee, Second Air Force, Strategic bombing during World War II, Tinian, ..., Twentieth Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, United States Department of War, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific, VII Fighter Command, Weno, West Field (Tinian), XX Bomber Command, Yokohama, 1 November 1944 reconnaissance sortie over Japan, 16th Bombardment Group, 19th Operations Group, 29th Flying Training Wing, 313th Air Division, 314th Air Division, 315th Air Division, 330th Aircraft Sustainment Wing, 330th Bombardment Group (VH), 331st Air Expeditionary Group, 39th Air Base Wing, 3d Space Operations Squadron, 40th Air Expeditionary Wing, 444th Air Expeditionary Wing, 462d Air Expeditionary Group, 468th Bombardment Group, 497th Bombardment Group, 498th Nuclear Systems Wing, 499th Air Refueling Wing, 500th Air Expeditionary Group, 501st Combat Support Wing, 502d Bombardment Group, 504th Bombardment Group, 505th Bombardment Group, 509th Composite Group, 58th Air Division, 6th Operations Group, 73d Air Division, 9th Operations Group. Expand index (40 more) »

AN/APQ-7

The AN/APQ-7, or Eagle, was a radar bombsight system developed by the US Army Air Force.

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Andersen Air Force Base

Andersen Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately northeast of Yigo near Agafo Gumas in the United States territory of Guam.

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Battle of Guam (1944)

The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the U.S. in the 1941 First Battle of Guam during the Pacific campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Iwo Jima

The Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February – 26 March 1945) was a major battle in which the United States Marine Corps landed on and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during World War II.

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Battle of Saipan

The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.

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Battle of Tinian

The Battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July until 1 August 1944.

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Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.

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Bombing of Tokyo (10 March 1945)

On the night of 9/10 March 1945 the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) conducted a devastating firebombing raid on Tokyo, the Japanese capital city.

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Carl Spaatz

Carl Andrew Spaatz (born Spatz; June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974), nicknamed "Tooey", was an American World War II general.

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China Burma India Theater

China Burma India Theater (CBI) was the United States military designation during World War II for the China and Southeast Asian or India-Burma (IBT) theaters.

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Chuuk Lagoon

Chuuk Lagoon, also previously known as Truk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific.

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Colorado

Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.

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Conflagration

A conflagration is a large and destructive fire that threatens human life, animal life, health, and/or property.

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Curtis LeMay

Curtis LeMay (November 15, 1906 – October 1, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of American Independent Party candidate George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election.

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Doolittle Raid

The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on Saturday, April 18, 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on the island of Honshu during World War II, the first air operation to strike the Japanese Home Islands.

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Firestorm

A firestorm is a conflagration which attains such intensity that it creates and sustains its own wind system.

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Guam

Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Harmon Air Force Base

Harmon Air Force Base is a former World War II United States Army Air Forces airfield, and postwar United States Air Force Base on Guam in the Mariana Islands.

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Haywood S. Hansell

Haywood Shepherd Hansell Jr. (September 28, 1903 – November 14, 1988) was a general officer in the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II, and later the United States Air Force.

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Henry H. Arnold

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.

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Hokkaido

(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.

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Honshu

Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.

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Incendiary device

Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.

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Iwo Jima

, known in English as Iwo Jima, is one of the Japanese Volcano Islands and lies south of the Ogasawara Islands.

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Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands

During World War II, a series of Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands took place between November 1944 and January 1945.

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Jet stream

Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.

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Kansas

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.

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Kawasaki, Kanagawa

is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kōriyama

is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kobe

is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.

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List of United States Army airfields

This is a list of United States Army airfields.

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Manhattan Project

The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.

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Mariana Islands

The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.

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Musashino, Tokyo

is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

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Nagoya

is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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Nakajima Aircraft Company

The was a prominent Japanese aircraft manufacturer and aviation engine manufacturer throughout World War II.

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North Field (Tinian)

North Field is a former World War II airfield on Tinian in the Mariana Islands.

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Northwest Field (Guam)

Northwest Field is a former World War II airfield on Guam in the Mariana Islands.

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Operation Matterhorn

Operation Matterhorn was a military operation of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II for the strategic bombing of Japanese forces by B-29 Superfortresses based in India and China.

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Operation Starvation

Operation Starvation was an American naval mining operation conducted in World War II by the Army Air Forces, in which vital water routes and ports of Japan were mined from the air in order to disrupt enemy shipping.

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Osaka

() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Pagan (island)

Pagan is a volcanic island in the Mariana Islands archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, belonging to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

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Peterson Air Force Base

Peterson Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force Base that shares an airfield with the adjacent Colorado Springs Municipal Airport, home to the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), the Air Force Space Command headquarters, and United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) headquarters.

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Saipan

Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Saipan International Airport

Saipan International Airport, also known as Francisco C. Ada/Saipan International Airport, is a public airport located on Saipan Island in the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

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Salina Regional Airport

Salina Regional Airport, formerly Salina Municipal Airport, is a public airport three miles southwest of Salina, in Saline County, Kansas.

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Seabee

United States Naval Construction Battalions, better known as the Seabees, form the Naval Construction Force (NCF) of the United States Navy.

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Second Air Force

The Second Air Force (2 AF; 2d Air Force in 1942) is a USAF numbered air force responsible for conducting basic military and technical training for Air Force enlisted members and non-flying officers.

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Strategic bombing during World War II

Strategic bombing during World War II was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during World War II.

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Tinian

Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

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Twentieth Air Force

The Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (20 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC). It is headquartered at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. 20 AF's primary mission is Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) operations. The Twentieth Air Force commander is also the Commander, Task Force 214 (TF 214), which provides alert ICBMs to the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). Established on 4 April 1944 at Washington D.C, 20 AF was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force deployed to the Pacific Theater of World War II. Operating initially from bases in India and staging though bases in China, 20 AF conducted strategic bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands. It relocated to the Mariana Islands in late 1944, and continued the strategic bombardment campaign against Japan until the Japanese capitulation in August 1945. The 20 AF 509th Composite Group conducted the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, in August 1945. Deactivated on 1 March 1955, the command was reactivated 1 September 1991, as a component of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and became operationally responsible for all land-based Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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United States Department of War

The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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United States Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific

The United States Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific (USASTAF) was a World War II command and control authority of the United States Army Air Forces in the Pacific theater of World War II.

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VII Fighter Command

The VII Fighter Command was a formation of the United States Army Air Forces.

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Weno

Weno (formerly Moen) is an island municipality of Chuuk State of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM).

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West Field (Tinian)

West Field is a former World War II airfield on Tinian in the Mariana Islands.

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XX Bomber Command

The XX Bomber Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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Yokohama

, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.

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1 November 1944 reconnaissance sortie over Japan

On 1 November 1944 a United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) F-13 Superfortress conducted the first flight by an Allied aircraft over the Tokyo region of Japan since the Doolittle Raid in April 1942.

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16th Bombardment Group

The United States Air Force's 16th Bombardment Group was a very heavy bombardment group that participated in combat in the Pacific Ocean Theater of World War II.

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19th Operations Group

The 19th Operations Group (19 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 19th Airlift Wing, stationed at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas.

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29th Flying Training Wing

The 29th Flying Training Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit last based at Craig Air Force Base, Alabama.

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313th Air Division

The 313th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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314th Air Division

The 314th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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315th Air Division

The 315th Air Division (315th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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330th Aircraft Sustainment Wing

The 330th Aircraft Sustainment Wing was a wing of the United States Air Force based at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.

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330th Bombardment Group (VH)

The 330th Bombardment Group ("Empire Busters") was a bomber group of the United States Army Air Forces during World War II.

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331st Air Expeditionary Group

The 331st Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 315th Bombardment Wing, being stationed at Northwest Field, Guam. It was inactivated on 15 April 1946. During World War II, the unit was initially a B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator operational training unit (OTU). Redesignated as a replacement training unit (RTU) in December 1943. Inactivated on 1 April 1944 when Second Air Force switched to B-29 Superfortress training. Late in the war the group was reactivated and trained as a Very Heavy (VH) B-29 Superfortress group The group served in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II as part of Twentieth Air Force. The 331st Bomb Group's aircraft engaged in very heavy bombardment B-29 Superfortress operations against Japan.

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39th Air Base Wing

The 39th Air Base Wing (39 ABW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Third Air Force.

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3d Space Operations Squadron

The United States Air Force's 3d Space Operations Squadron (3 SOPS) was a satellite operations unit located at Schriever AFB, Colorado.

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40th Air Expeditionary Wing

The United States Air Force's 40th Air Expeditionary Wing (40 AEW) was an Air expeditionary unit located at Diego Garcia, in the Indian Ocean, from 2001 to c. 2006.

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444th Air Expeditionary Wing

The 444th Air Expeditionary Wing is a provisional unit of the United States Air Force assigned to Air Combat Command to activate or inactivate as needed.

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462d Air Expeditionary Group

The 462d Air Expeditionary Group is a provisional unit of the United States Air Force.

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468th Bombardment Group

The 468th Bombardment Group was a World War II United States Army Air Forces combat organization.

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497th Bombardment Group

The 497th Bombardment Group was a group of the United States Army Air Forces.

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498th Nuclear Systems Wing

The 498th Nuclear Systems Wing (498 NSW) was a wing of the United States Air Force based at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico.

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499th Air Refueling Wing

The 499th Air Refueling Wing is an inactive United States Air Force (USAF) unit that was last active at Westover AFB, Massachusetts in June 1966.

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500th Air Expeditionary Group

The 500th Air Expeditionary Group is a provisional United States Air Force unit.

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501st Combat Support Wing

The 501st Combat Support Wing is a United States Air Forces in Europe unit based at RAF Alconbury, England.

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502d Bombardment Group

The 502d Bombardment Group (502d BG) was a World War II United States Army Air Forces combat organization.

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504th Bombardment Group

The 504th Bombardment Group (504th BG) was a World War II United States Army Air Forces combat organization.

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505th Bombardment Group

The 505th Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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509th Composite Group

The 509th Composite Group (509 CG) was a unit of the United States Army Air Forces created during World War II and tasked with the operational deployment of nuclear weapons.

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58th Air Division

The 58th Air Division (58th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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6th Operations Group

The 6th Operations Group (6 OG) is the operational flying component of the 6th Air Mobility Wing, stationed at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

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73d Air Division

The 73d Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit.

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9th Operations Group

The 9th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the 9th Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Beale Air Force Base, California.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XXI_Bomber_Command

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