22 relations: American Association of Variable Star Observers, Apparent magnitude, Astronomische Nachrichten, Cape Photographic Catalogue, Cepheid variable, Classical Cepheid variable, Crux, Durchmusterung, General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities, Guide Star Catalog, Harvard College Observatory, Henry Draper Catalogue, Hipparcos, Instability strip, Normal mode, PPM Star Catalogue, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog, Stellar population, Type II Cepheid, Variable star, Variable star designation, 2MASS.
Since its founding in 1911, the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) has coordinated, collected, evaluated, analyzed, published, and archived variable star observations made largely by amateur astronomers and makes the records available to professional astronomers, researchers, and educators.
The apparent magnitude of a celestial object is a number that is a measure of its brightness as seen by an observer on Earth.
Astronomische Nachrichten (Astronomical Notes), one of the first international journals in the field of astronomy, was founded in 1821 by the German astronomer Heinrich Christian Schumacher.
The Cape Photographic Catalogue (CPC) is a star catalogue containing 68,467 stars in the Southern Hemisphere whose declinations are either between −30° and −40° or between −52° and −90°.
A Cepheid variable is a type of star that pulsates radially, varying in both diameter and temperature and producing changes in brightness with a well-defined stable period and amplitude.
Classical Cepheids (also known as Population I Cepheids, Type I Cepheids, or Delta Cephei variables) are a type of Cepheid variable star.
Crux is a constellation located in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way.
In astronomy, Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung (BD), is the comprehensive astrometric star catalogue of the whole sky, compiled by the Bonn Observatory (Germany) from 1859 to 1903.
The General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities is a star catalogue which lists radial velocities for 15,107 stars.
The Guide Star Catalog (GSC), also known as the Hubble Space Telescope, Guide Catalog (HSTGC), is a star catalog compiled to support the Hubble Space Telescope with targeting off-axis stars.
The Harvard College Observatory (HCO) is an institution managing a complex of buildings and multiple instruments used for astronomical research by the Harvard University Department of Astronomy.
The Henry Draper Catalogue (HD) is an astronomical star catalogue published between 1918 and 1924, giving spectroscopic classifications for 225,300 stars; it was later expanded by the Henry Draper Extension (HDE), published between 1925 and 1936, which gave classifications for 46,850 more stars, and by the Henry Draper Extension Charts (HDEC), published from 1937 to 1949 in the form of charts, which gave classifications for 86,933 more stars.
Hipparcos was a scientific satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA), launched in 1989 and operated until 1993.
The unqualified term instability strip usually refers to a region of the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram largely occupied by several related classes of pulsating variable stars: Delta Scuti variables, SX Phoenicis variables, and rapidly oscillating Ap stars (roAps) near the main sequence; RR Lyrae variables where it intersects the horizontal branch; and the Cepheid variables where it crosses the supergiants.
A normal mode of an oscillating system is a pattern of motion in which all parts of the system move sinusoidally with the same frequency and with a fixed phase relation.
The PPM Star Catalogue (Positions and Proper Motions Star Catalogue) is the successor of the SAO Catalogue.
The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog is an astrometric star catalogue.
During 1944, Walter Baade categorized groups of stars within the Milky Way into bluer stars associated with the spiral arms and the general position of yellow stars near the central galactic bulge or within globular star clusters.
Type II Cepheids are variable stars which pulsate with periods typically between 1 and 50 days.
A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.
Variable stars are designated using a variation on the Bayer designation format of an identifying label (as described below) combined with the Latin genitive of the name of the constellation in which the star lies.
The Two Micron All-Sky Survey, or 2MASS, was an astronomical survey of the whole sky in the infrared spectrum and one of the most ambitious such projects.