98 relations: Addison-Wesley, Bob Scheifler, Client–server model, Color depth, Common Desktop Environment, Communication channel, Communication protocol, Computer architecture, Computer security, Computing, Digital Equipment Corporation, Enlightenment (software), Entrance (display manager), FLTK, Fox toolkit, FpGUI, Freedesktop.org, FVWM, GLX, GNOME, GNOME Display Manager, Graphical user interface, GTK+, Hierarchy, HP-UX, IBM, IBM AIX, IBM Redbooks, Imperative programming, Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual, International Data Group, Internet, Jim Gettys, KDE, KDE Display Manager, Linux Documentation Project, Look and feel, Low Bandwidth X, MIT-SHM, Motif (software), Network transparency, O'Reilly Media, OLIT, OPEN LOOK, OpenGL, OpenWindows, Operating system, Packed pixel, PHIGS, Primary color, ..., Project Athena, Qt (software), RandR, Raster graphics, Re-parenting window manager, Root window, Session (computer science), Shape extension, Silicon Graphics, Solaris (operating system), Sun Microsystems, Telnet, Tk (software), Tree (graph theory), Tunneling protocol, Unix, Variable (computer science), VESA Display Power Management Signaling, Virtual Network Computing, Widget toolkit, Window Maker, Windowing system, WINGs Display Manager, Wm2, Worse is better, WxWidgets, X Athena Widgets, X display manager (program type), X keyboard extension, X logical font description, X Rendering Extension, X resources, X Toolkit Intrinsics, X video extension, X Window selection, X Window System, X Window System core protocol, X-Video Motion Compensation, X.Org Foundation, X.Org Server, XCB, XDM (display manager), XFixes, Xinerama, Xlib, Xprint, Xv (software), XView. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.
Robert William Scheifler (born June 24, 1954, Kirkwood, Missouri) is an American computer scientist.
The client–server model is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
The Common Desktop Environment (CDE) is a desktop environment for Unix and OpenVMS, based on the Motif widget toolkit.
A communication channel or simply channel refers either to a physical transmission medium such as a wire, or to a logical connection over a multiplexed medium such as a radio channel in telecommunications and computer networking.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Enlightenment, also known simply as E, is a compositing window manager for the X Window System.
Entrance is a display manager for the X Window System.
Fast Light Toolkit (FLTK, pronounced fulltick) is a cross-platform widget (graphical control element) library for graphical user interfaces (GUIs), developed by Bill Spitzak and others.
The FOX toolkit is an open source, cross-platform widget toolkit, that is, a library of basic elements for building a graphical user interface (GUI).
fpGUI, the Free Pascal GUI toolkit, is a cross-platform graphical user interface toolkit developed by Graeme Geldenhuys.
freedesktop.org (fd.o) is a project to work on interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments for the X Window System (X11) on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
The F Virtual Window Manager is a virtual window manager for the X Window System.
GLX (initialism for "OpenGL Extension to the X Window System") is an extension to the X Window System core protocol providing an interface between OpenGL and the X Window System as well as extensions to OpenGL itself.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GNOME Display Manager (GDM) is a display manager (a graphical login program) for the windowing systems X11 and Wayland.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.
IBM Redbooks are technical content developed and published by IBM's International Technical Support Organization (ITSO).
In computer science, imperative programming is a programming paradigm that uses statements that change a program's state.
In computing, the Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual (ICCCM or I39L short for "I", 39 letters and "L") is a standard protocol for the X Window System.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Jim Gettys (born 15 October 1953) is an American computer programmer.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
KDE Display Manager (KDM) is a display manager (a graphical login program) developed by KDE for the windowing systems X11 and Wayland.
The Linux Documentation Project (LDP) is an all-volunteer project that maintains a large collection of GNU and Linux-related documentation and publishes the collection online.
In software design, look and feel is a term used in respect of a graphical user interface and comprises aspects of its design, including elements such as colors, shapes, layout, and typefaces (the "look"), as well as the behavior of dynamic elements such as buttons, boxes, and menus (the "feel").
In computing, LBX, or Low Bandwidth X, was a protocol to use the X Window System over network links with low bandwidth and high latency.
The MIT Shared Memory Extension or MIT-SHM is a X Window System extension for exchange of image data between client and server using shared memory.
In computing, Motif refers to both a graphical user interface (GUI) specification and the widget toolkit for building applications that follow that specification under the X Window System on Unix and Unix-like operating systems.
Network transparency, in its most general sense, refers to the ability of a protocol to transmit data over the network in a manner which is transparent (invisible) to those using the applications that are using the protocol.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
OLIT (OPEN LOOK Intrinsics Toolkit) is a widget toolkit from Sun Microsystems introduced in 1988, providing an OPEN LOOK user interface for X Window System applications.
OPEN LOOK (sometimes referred to as Open Look) is a graphical user interface (GUI) specification for UNIX workstations.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
OpenWindows was a desktop environment for Sun Microsystems workstations which combined SunView, NeWS, and X Window System protocols.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In packed pixel or chunky framebuffer organization, the bits defining each pixel are grouped together.
PHIGS (Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System) is an application programming interface (API) standard for rendering 3D computer graphics, considered to be the 3D graphics standard for the 1980s through the early 1990s.
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
Project Athena was a joint project of MIT, Digital Equipment Corporation, and IBM to produce a campus-wide distributed computing environment for educational use.
Qt ("cute") is a cross-platform application framework and widget toolkit for creating classic and embedded graphical user interfaces, and applications that run on various software and hardware platforms with little or no change in the underlying codebase, while still being a native application with native capabilities and speed.
RandR ("resize and rotate") is a communications protocol written as an extension to the X11 protocol.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
A re-parenting window manager is an X Window System window manager that adopts all other windows.
In the X Window System, every window is contained within another window, called its parent.
In computer science, in particular networking, a session is a semi-permanent interactive information interchange between two or more communicating devices, or between a computer and user (see login session).
In the X Window System, the X Nonrectangular Window Shape Extension allows windows to be given arbitrary, non-rectangular shapes.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Telnet is a protocol used on the Internet or local area network to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a virtual terminal connection.
Tk is a free and open-source, cross-platform widget toolkit that provides a library of basic elements of GUI widgets for building a graphical user interface (GUI) in many programming languages.
In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a tree is an undirected graph in which any two vertices are connected by exactly one path.
In computer networks, a tunneling protocol is a communications protocol that allows for the secure movement of data from one network to another.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
In computer programming, a variable or scalar is a storage location (identified by a memory address) paired with an associated symbolic name (an identifier), which contains some known or unknown quantity of information referred to as a value.
VESA Display Power Management Signaling (or DPMS) is a standard from the VESA consortium for power management of video monitors.
In computing, Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a graphical desktop sharing system that uses the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB) to remotely control another computer.
A widget toolkit, widget library, GUI toolkit, or UX library is a library or a collection of libraries containing a set of graphical control elements (called widgets) used to construct the graphical user interface (GUI) of programs.
Window Maker is a free and open source window manager for the X Window System, allowing graphical applications to be run on Unix-like operating-systems.
In computing, a windowing system (or window system) is software that manages separately different parts of display screens.
In computing, the WINGs Display Manager (WDM) is a display manager for the X window system, mainly used for graphically logging in, on a Unix-based system.
wm2 is a minimalist reparenting window manager for the X Window System written by Chris Cannam.
Worse is better, also called New Jersey style, was conceived by Richard P. Gabriel in an essay "Worse is better" to describe the dynamics of software acceptance, but it has broader application.
wxWidgets ("wix-widgets", formerly wxWindows) is a widget toolkit and tools library for creating graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for cross-platform applications.
X Athena Widgets or Xaw is a GUI widget library for the X Window System.
In the X Window System, an X display manager is a graphical login manager which starts a session on an X server from the same or another computer.
In human-computer interfaces, the X keyboard extension or XKB is a part of the X Window System that extends the ability to control the keyboard over what is offered by the X Window System core protocol.
X logical font description (XLFD) is a font standard used by the X Window System.
The X Rendering Extension (Render or XRender) is an extension to the X11 core protocol to implement image compositing in the X server, to allow an efficient display of transparent images.
In the X Window System, the X resources are parameters of computer programs such as the name of the font used in the buttons, the background color of menus, etc.
X Toolkit Intrinsics (also known as Xt, for X toolkit) is a library that implements an API to facilitate the development of programs with a graphical user interface (GUI) for the X Window System.
The X video extension, often abbreviated as XVideo or Xv, is a video output mechanism for the X Window System.
Selections, cut buffers, and drag-and-drop are the mechanisms used in the X Window System to allow a user to transfer data from one window to another.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
The X Window System core protocolRobert W. Scheifler and James Gettys: X Window System: Core and extension protocols, X version 11, releases 6 and 6.1, Digital Press 1996, RFC 1013Grant Edwards.
X-Video Motion Compensation (XvMC), is an extension of the X video extension (Xv) for the X Window System.
The X.Org Foundation is a non-profit corporation chartered to research, develop, support, organize, administrate, standardize, promote, and defend a free and open accelerated graphics stack.
X.Org Server is the free and open source implementation of the display server for the X Window System stewarded by the X.Org Foundation.
XCB (X protocol C-language Binding) is a library implementing the client-side of the X11 display server protocol.
XDM (in full, the X Display Manager) is the default display manager for the X Window System.
In computing, XFixes is an X Window System extension which makes useful additions to the X11 protocol.
Xinerama is an extension to the X Window System that enables X applications and window managers to use two or more physical displays as one large virtual display.
Xlib (also known as libX11) is an X Window System protocol client library written in the C programming language.
Xprint is a deprecated printing extension for the X Window System.
xv is a shareware program written by John Bradley to display and modify digital images under the X Window System.
XView is a widget toolkit from Sun Microsystems introduced in 1988.