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Xhosa Wars

Index Xhosa Wars

The Xhosa Wars (also known as the Cape Frontier Wars, or Africa's 100 Years War) were a series of nine wars or flare-ups (from 1779 to 1879) between the Xhosa tribes and European settlers in what is now the Eastern Cape in South Africa. [1]

92 relations: Albany, South Africa, Algoa Bay, AmaNdlambe, Amathole Mountains, Andries Stockenström, Anglo-Zulu War, Battle of Grahamstown, Battle of Isandlwana, Benjamin D'Urban, Black people, Boer, Boer Commando, British Kaffraria, British people, Butterworth, Eastern Cape, Cape Colony, Cape Mounted Riflemen, Cape Qualified Franchise, Cape Town, Charles Brownlee, Charles Duncan Griffith, Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg, Chief magistrate, Christian Groepe, Colonial Office, Colonisation of Africa, Confederation, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East Indies, Eastern Cape, Fengu people, Fort Beaufort, Fort Cox, Eastern Cape, Fort Hare, Fort White, Eastern Cape, Frederic Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, Gansbaai, Gcaleka, George Cathcart, Gqunukhwebe, Grahamstown, Great Fish River, Great Kei River, Great Trek, Henry Bartle Frere, Henry Somerset (British Army officer), Hintsa kaKhawuta, History of the Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870, History of the Cape Colony from 1870 to 1899, HMS Birkenhead (1845), ..., ImiDushane, John Charles Molteno, John Cradock, 1st Baron Howden, John Graham (British Army officer, born 1778), John X. Merriman, Kaffir (racial term), Kaffraria, Keiskamma River, Kentani, Khoikhoi, King William's Town, Makhanda (prophet), Maqoma, Mgolombane Sandile, Military history of South Africa, Millenarianism, Ngqika people, Nongqawuse, Orange Free State, Peregrine Maitland, Piet Retief, Prophet, Responsible government, Richard Southey (colonial administrator), Robben Island, Robert Godlonton, Sarili kaHintsa, Scorched earth, Second Boer War, Sir Harry Smith, 1st Baronet, Southern Africa, Sundays River, The Battle of Amalinde, Thembu people, Thomas Baines, Transkei, Trekboer, Veneration of the dead, Winterberg (Eastern Cape), Xhosa people, Zulu Kingdom, 1820 Settlers. Expand index (42 more) »

Albany, South Africa

Albany, South Africa (also known as Cape Borders, Cape Frontier, Settler Country, and Western Region) was a district in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

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Algoa Bay

Algoa Bay is a bay in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

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AmaNdlambe

The AmaNdlambe are a tribe located in the Eastern Cape, South Africa; having been so named after its originator the great Xhosa prince Ndlambe, son of King Rharhabe.

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Amathole Mountains

Amatola, Amatole or Amathole are a range of densely forested mountains, situated in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

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Andries Stockenström

Sir Andries Stockenström, 1st Baronet, (6 July 1792 in Cape Town – 16 March 1864 in London) was lieutenant governor of British Kaffraria from 13 September 1836 to 9 August 1838.

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Anglo-Zulu War

The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.

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Battle of Grahamstown

The Battle of Grahamstown took place on 22 April 1819, during the 5th Xhosa War, at the frontier settlement of Grahamstown in what is now the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

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Battle of Isandlwana

The Battle of Isandlwana (alternative spelling: Isandhlwana) on 22 January 1879 was the first major encounter in the Anglo–Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.

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Benjamin D'Urban

Lieutenant General Sir Benjamin Alfred D'Urban (1777 – 25 May 1849) was a British general and colonial administrator, who is best known for his frontier policy when he was the Governor in the Cape Colony (now in South Africa).

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Black people

Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.

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Boer

Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".

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Boer Commando

The Boer commandos or "Kommandos" were volunteer military units of guerilla militia organized by the Boer people of South Africa.

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British Kaffraria

British Kaffraria was a British colony/subordinate administrative entity in present-day South Africa, consisting of the districts now known as King Williams Town and East London.

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British people

The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.

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Butterworth, Eastern Cape

Butterworth (also known as Gcuwa) is a town in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

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Cape Colony

The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.

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Cape Mounted Riflemen

The Cape Mounted Riflemen were South African military units.

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Cape Qualified Franchise

The Cape Qualified Franchise was the system of non-racial franchise that was adhered to in the Cape Colony, and in the Cape Province in the early years of the Union of South Africa.

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Cape Town

Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.

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Charles Brownlee

Charles Pacalt Brownlee (1821- 13 September 1890) was a politician and writer of the Cape Colony.

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Charles Duncan Griffith

Colonel Charles Duncan Griffith (5 September 1830 – 17 October 1906) was a British colonial administrator and army officer.

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Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg

Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg PC FRS (26 October 1778 – 23 April 1866) was a Scottish politician and colonial administrator.

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Chief magistrate

Chief magistrate is a public official, executive or judicial, whose office is the highest in its class.

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Christian Groepe

Field Commandant Christian Jacobus Groepe (1789–1886) was a military leader of the Khoi people of Kat River, Cape Colony, in the nineteenth century.

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Colonial Office

The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.

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Colonisation of Africa

The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages: Classical antiquity and European colonialism.

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Confederation

A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.

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Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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Eastern Cape

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa.

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Fengu people

The Fengu (plural amaFengu) are a Bantu people, originally closely related to the Zulu people, but now often considered to have assimilated to the Xhosa people whose language they now speak.

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Fort Beaufort

Fort Beaufort is a town in the Amatole District of South Africa's Eastern Cape Province, and had a population of 25,668 in 2011.

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Fort Cox, Eastern Cape

Fort Cox near Middledrift in the Eastern Cape, South Africa was a frontier fort in the Amatola Mountains on a loop of the Keiskamma River.

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Fort Hare

This page is about the British-built fort of the 19th century.

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Fort White, Eastern Cape

Fort White was established in 1835 as a base for the British army during the Xhosa Wars.

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Frederic Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford

Frederic Augustus Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, (31 May 18279 April 1905) was a British imperial general who came to prominence during the Anglo-Zulu War, when an expeditionary force under his command suffered one of the severest defeats in battle by native tribesmen in the history of the British Empire at the Battle of Isandlwana in 1879.

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Gansbaai

(Dutch/Afrikaans for "bay of geese," sometimes referred to as Gans Bay or Gangs Bay) is a fishing town and popular tourist destination in the Overberg District Municipality, Western Cape, South Africa.

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Gcaleka

The AmaGcaleka are a major subgroup of the Xhosa found in the former Transkei area of the Eastern Cape.

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George Cathcart

General The Honourable Sir George Cathcart (12 May 1794 – 5 November 1854) was a British general and diplomat.

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Gqunukhwebe

Pre-Colonial Gonaqua (Gqunukhwebe) Suarce: Travels into the interior parts of Africa by the way of the Cape of Good Hope, in the years 1780, 8l, 82, 83, 84, and 85 by Le Vaillant, Francios Ama Gqunukhwebe is a sub-group of the Xhosa nation that was created under the reign of King Tshiwo (1670–1702) of amaXhosa who was a grandfather to Gcaleka and Rharhabe.

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Grahamstown

Grahamstown, never known as Makhanda (Grahamstad, iRhini) is a town of about 70,000 people in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

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Great Fish River

The Great Fish River (called great to distinguish it from the Namibian Fish River) (Groot-Visrivier) is a river running through the South African province of the Eastern Cape.

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Great Kei River

The Great Kei River (Groot-Keirivier) is a river in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

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Great Trek

The Great Trek (Die Groot Trek; De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers (called Voortrekkers) who travelled by wagons from the Cape Colony into the interior of modern South Africa from 1836 onwards, seeking to live beyond the Cape's British colonial administration.

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Henry Bartle Frere

Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, 1st Baronet (29 March 1815 – 29 May 1884) was a British colonial administrator.

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Henry Somerset (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir Henry Somerset KCB KH (30 December 1794 – 15 February 1862) was a British Army officer.

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Hintsa kaKhawuta

Hintsa ka Khawuta (1789 – 12 February 1835), also known as Hintsa the Great or King Hintsa, was the 4th king of the amaXhosa nation from his great ancestor, King Xhosa.

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History of the Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870

The history of the Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870 spans the period of the history of the Cape Colony during the Cape Frontier Wars, also called the Kaffir Wars, which lasted from 1811 to 1858.

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History of the Cape Colony from 1870 to 1899

The year 1870 in the history of the Cape Colony marks the dawn of a new era in South Africa, and it can be said that the development of modern South Africa began on that date.

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HMS Birkenhead (1845)

HMS Birkenhead, also referred to as HM Troopship Birkenhead or Steam Frigate Birkenhead, was one of the first iron-hulled ships built for the Royal Navy.

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ImiDushane

The ImiDushane tribe was founded by one of the greatest Xhosa warriors Prince Mdushane who was the eldest son of Prince Ndlambe of the Rharhabe kingdom.

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John Charles Molteno

Sir John Charles Molteno (5 June 1814 – 1 September 1886) was a soldier, businessman, champion of responsible government and the first Prime Minister of the Cape Colony.

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John Cradock, 1st Baron Howden

General John Francis Cradock, 1st Baron Howden (11 August 175926 July 1839) was a British peer, politician and soldier.

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John Graham (British Army officer, born 1778)

Colonel John Graham (24 April 177813 March 1821) was a soldier notable for founding Grahamstown, South Africa in 1814.

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John X. Merriman

John Xavier Merriman (15 March 1841 – 1 August 1926) was the last prime minister of the Cape Colony before the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910.

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Kaffir (racial term)

Kaffir (alternatively kaffer; originally cafri) is an ethnic slur used to refer to a black person.

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Kaffraria

Kaffraria was the descriptive name given to the southeast part of what is today the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

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Keiskamma River

The Keiskamma River (Keiskammarivier) is a river in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa.

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Kentani

Centane is a settlement in Amatole District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

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Khoikhoi

The Khoikhoi (updated orthography Khoekhoe, from Khoekhoegowab Khoekhoen; formerly also Hottentots"Hottentot, n. and adj." OED Online, Oxford University Press, March 2018, www.oed.com/view/Entry/88829. Accessed 13 May 2018. Citing G. S. Nienaber, 'The origin of the name “Hottentot” ', African Studies, 22:2 (1963), 65-90,. See also.) are the traditionally nomadic pastoralist non-Bantu indigenous population of southwestern Africa.

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King William's Town

King William's Town is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa along the banks of the Buffalo River.

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Makhanda (prophet)

Makhanda (also spelled Makana) who was also known as Nxele (The left-handed) (died 25 December 1819) was a Xhosa warrior, war doctor, philosopher and prophet who, during the Xhosa Wars, led an attack against the British garrison at Grahamstown in 1819.

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Maqoma

Maqoma (1798–1873) was a Xhosa warrior.

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Mgolombane Sandile

Mgolombane Sandile (1820–1878) was a Chief of the Ngqika ("Gaikas") and Paramount-Chief of the Rharhabe tribe - a sub-group of the Xhosa nation.

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Military history of South Africa

The military history of South Africa chronicles a vast time period and complex events from the dawn of history until the present time.

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Millenarianism

Millenarianism (also millenarism), from Latin ''mīllēnārius'' "containing a thousand", is the belief by a religious, social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society, after which all things will be changed.

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Ngqika people

The Ngqika people are a royal Xhosa who lived west of the Great Kei River in the what is today the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

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Nongqawuse

Nongqawuse (c. 1841 – 1898) was the Xhosa prophet whose prophecies led to a millenarian movement that culminated in the Xhosa cattle-killing movement and famine of 1856-7, in what is now Eastern Cape, South Africa.

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Orange Free State

The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.

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Peregrine Maitland

General Sir Peregrine Maitland, GCB (6 July 1777 – 30 May 1854) was a British soldier and colonial administrator.

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Piet Retief

Pieter Mauritz Retief (12 November 1780 – 6 February 1838) was a Voortrekker leader.

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Prophet

In religion, a prophet is an individual regarded as being in contact with a divine being and said to speak on that entity's behalf, serving as an intermediary with humanity by delivering messages or teachings from the supernatural source to other people.

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Responsible government

Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.

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Richard Southey (colonial administrator)

Sir Richard Southey (25 April 1808 – 22 July 1901) was a British colonial administrator, cabinet minister and landowner in South Africa.

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Robben Island

Robben Island (Robbeneiland) is an island in Table Bay, west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, South Africa.

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Robert Godlonton

Robert Godlonton (1794–1884) ("Moral Bob") was an influential politician of the Cape Colony.

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Sarili kaHintsa

Sarili ka Hintsa (about 1810 - 1892) was the 5th chief of the Gcaleka sub-group of the Xhosa nation, and paramount chief of all the Xhosa, from 1835 until his death in 1892 at Sholora, Bomvanaland.

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Scorched earth

A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.

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Second Boer War

The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.

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Sir Harry Smith, 1st Baronet

Lieutenant General Sir Henry George Wakelyn Smith, 1st Baronet GCB (28 June 1787 – 12 October 1860), known as Sir Harry Smith, was a notable English soldier and military commander in the British Army of the early 19th century.

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Southern Africa

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.

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Sundays River

The Sundays River or Nukakamma (Sondagsrivier) is a river in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

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The Battle of Amalinde

In October 1818, two AmaXhosa chiefs of the Rharhabe clan, namely: Chief Ngqika and his paternal uncle Chief Ndlambe, went to battle in Amalinde, the isiXhosa name for the Debe Hollows of Kommetjie, 19 kilometres west of King Williams Town, in what is today part of East London, Eastern Cape.

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Thembu people

The Thembu people are one of the handful of nations and population groups that speak Xhosa in South Africa.

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Thomas Baines

(John) Thomas Baines (27 November 1820 – 8 May 1875) was an English artist and explorer of British colonial southern Africa and Australia.

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Transkei

Transkei (meaning the area beyond the river Kei), officially the Republic of Transkei (iRiphabliki yeTranskei), was an unrecognised state in the southeastern region of South Africa from 1976 to 1994.

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Trekboer

In the history of Southern Africa, the Trekboere (now referred to as "Trekboer" in English; pronounced) were nomadic pastoralists descended from European settlers on the frontiers of the Dutch Cape Colony.

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Veneration of the dead

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.

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Winterberg (Eastern Cape)

The Great Winterberg is an extensive east-west mountain range lying immediately north of the small towns of Bedford, Adelaide and Fort Beaufort in the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

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Xhosa people

The Xhosa people are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa mainly found in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central-southern parts of the country.

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Zulu Kingdom

The Kingdom of Zulu, sometimes referred to as the Zulu Empire or the Kingdom of Zululand, was a monarchy in Southern Africa that extended along the coast of the Indian Ocean from the Tugela River in the south to Pongola River in the north.

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1820 Settlers

The 1820 Settlers were several groups or parties of white British colonists settled by the British government and the Cape authorities in the South African Eastern Cape in 1820.

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Redirects here:

3rd Cape Frontier War, 9th Cape Frontier War, Cape Frontier Wars, Cape frontier wars, Fifth Xhosa War, Fourth Xhosa War, Gaika War, Graham's Expedition, Kaffir War, Kaffir Wars, Kaffir war, Kafir wars, Mlanjeni's War, Ninth Cape Frontier War, Seventh Xhosa War, Sixth Frontier War, Sixth Xhosa War, South Africa 1846-47, South Africa 1846-7, South Africa 1846–47, South Africa 1851-53, South Africa 1851–53, War of the Axe, Xhosa War, Xhosa wars.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xhosa_Wars

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