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Index Xi'an

Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China. [1]

306 relations: ABB Group, Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, AIPH, Air Force Engineering University, Alopen, Aquitaine, Arthur Gostick Shorrock, Athens, Banpo, Banpo Museum, Baoji, Baoshuiqu station (Xi'an Metro), Baqiao District, Before Present, Beijing, Beijing Renhe F.C., Beilin District, Xi'an, Bell Tower of Xi'an, Biangbiang noodles, Bicycle-sharing system, Birmingham, Boeing, Brasília, Brighton, Buddhism, Bury St Edmunds, BYD Auto, Cairo, Córdoba, Argentina, Central Plains Mandarin, Chang'an, Chang'an District, Xi'an, Chang'an University, Chengdu, Chiba Prefecture, China, China Central Television, China Eastern Airlines, China Meteorological Administration, China National Highway 210, China National Highway 211, China National Highway 312, China Northwest Airlines, China Northwest Airlines Flight 2303, China Radio International, China Railways CRH2, China Western Development, Chinese Basketball Association, Chinese Buddhism, Chinese city wall, ..., Chinese Civil War, Chinese folk religion, Chinese Jia-A League, Chinese language, Chinese opera, Chinese postal romanization, Chinese space program, Chinese Super League, Chongqing, Christianity in China, Circumference, City God (East Asia), Coca-Cola, Columbia Encyclopedia, Communist Party of China, Compressed natural gas, Counties of the People's Republic of China, Cuju, Cusco, Daming Palace, Daqin Pagoda, Daxing District, Defensive wall, District (China), Dnipro, Dong Zhuo, Dortmund, Drum Tower of Xi'an, Dust storm, Dynasties in Chinese history, East Asian Monsoon, Economist Intelligence Unit, Edinburgh, Emperor Gaozong of Tang, Emperor Gaozu of Han, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Encarta, Encyclopædia Britannica, Famen Temple, Fangzhicheng station, Fenghao, Forbidden City, Fortifications of Xi'an, Foshan, Fourth Military Medical University, Frankfurt Airport, Fraport, Fu (country subdivision), Fujitsu, Funabashi, Chiba, Gansu, Gaoling District, George Town, Penang, Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, Golden Bear, Great Mosque of Xi'an, Groningen, Gross domestic product, Gu Changwei, Guangzhou Long-Lions, Guanzhong, Guanzhong dialect, Guizhou, Gyeongju, Gyumri, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hankou railway station, Hanzhong, Haojing, Henan, Historical capitals of China, Hobart, Houweizhai station, Huangfu Mi, Huaqing Pool, Hui people, Hukou system, Humid subtropical climate, Humidity, Huyi District, Iași, Isfahan, Islam, ISO 3166-2:CN, Istanbul, Jesuit China missions, Jianfu Temple, Jiankang, Jin Hao, Kaifeng, Kalamata, Kansai region, Kansas City, Missouri, Kathmandu, Köppen climate classification, Kuomintang, Kyoto, Lahore, Lantian County, Lantian Man, Lanzhou, Lenovo, Liangpi, Lianhu District, Limestone, Lintong District, List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, List of postal codes in China, Liu Chuanzhi, Loess Plateau, Luoyang, Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level, Mausoleum, Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Megalopolis, Metres above sea level, Metropolitan area, Ming dynasty, Mitsubishi, Mongol Empire, Mount Hua, Mount Li, Nara, Nara, National security, Neolithic, Nestorian Stele, Nestorianism, News from Tartary, Northwest China, Northwest University (China), Northwest University of Politics and Law, Northwestern Polytechnical University, OECD, Outsourcing, Pagoda, Palace, Panasonic, Paomo, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Peking opera, Penang, People's Daily, People's Liberation Army, Peter Fleming (writer), Photovoltaics, Pingju, Pinyin, PLA Rocket Force University of Engineering, Pomegranate, Pompei, Precipitation, Provinces of China, Qin (state), Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, Qing dynasty, Qinling, Qinqiang, Quebec City, Radiocarbon dating, Red Sorghum (film), Renminbi, Research and development, Reuters, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi’an, Romanization of Chinese, Roujiamo, Sanskrit, Semi-arid climate, Shaanxi, Shaanxi Guoli F.C., Shaanxi History Museum, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi Television, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Sichuan, Silk Road, Sister city, Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Software, Southwest China, Standard Chinese, Standard Chinese phonology, Stele, Stele Forest, Styphnolobium japonicum, Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China, Subdistricts of the People's Republic of China, Sui dynasty, Syriac language, T. Fisher Unwin, Tang dynasty, Tang Paradise, Taoism, Taoist schools, Taupo, Temperate climate, Temple of Confucius, Terracotta Army, Three Kingdoms, Thunderstorm, Tibetan Buddhism, Time in China, Toshiba, Towns of the People's Republic of China, Tuya's Marriage, Twin cities, Vehicle registration plates of China, Wade–Giles, Wang Yongkang, Warring States period, Wei River, Weiyang District, Xi'an, Weiyang Palace, West Triangle Economic Zone, Western China, Western Zhou, Wolong Temple, Xi'an Conservatory of Music, Xi'an Economic and Technological Development Zone, Xi'an guyue, Xi'an Incident, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Muslim Quarter, Xi'an North railway station, Xi'an Polytechnic University, Xi'an railway station, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, Xianyang, Xidian University, Ximing Temple, Xincheng District, Xi'an, Xingjiao Temple, Xu Wei (musician), Xuanzang, Xuchang, Yanliang District, Yanta District, Yijing (monk), Yinxu, Yuan dynasty, Zhang Chu (singer), Zhang Yimou, Zheng Jun, Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou–Xi'an high-speed railway, Zhongnan Mountains, Zhou dynasty, Zhouzhi County, 1556 Shaanxi earthquake, 2012 China anti-Japanese demonstrations, 2012 Chinese Super League. Expand index (256 more) »

ABB Group

ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.

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Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China

Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.

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The International Association of Horticultural Producers (AIPH / IAHP) is an international organization dedicated to promoting horticultural producers and held the international garden / flora festivals or expositions.

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Air Force Engineering University

The Air Force Engineering University (AFEU) is a military university of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF), located in Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.

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Alopen (Middle Chinese: AlapuənX); also "Aleben", "Aluoben", "Olopen," "Olopan," or "Olopuen") is the first recorded Christian missionary to have reached China, during the Tang Dynasty. He was a missionary from the Church of the East (also known as the Nestorian Church), and probably a Syriac-speaker from the Persian Empire, or from Syria in the Byzantine Empire. He is known exclusively from the Nestorian Stele, which describes his arrival in the Chinese capital of Chang-an in AD 635 and his acceptance by Emperor Taizong. His is the earliest known name that can be attached to the history of Nestorianism in China.

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Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Aguiéne), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana) was a traditional region of France, and was an administrative region of France until 1 January 2016.

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Arthur Gostick Shorrock

Arthur Gostick Shorrock (1861–1945), a pioneer Baptist missionary in China for 40 years.

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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Banpo (Bànpō) is an archaeological site discovered in 1953 and located in the Yellow River Valley just east of Xi'an, China.

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Banpo Museum

The Banpo Museum is a museum in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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() is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China.

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Baoshuiqu station (Xi'an Metro)

Baoshuiqu station is an overground metro station on Line 3 of the Xi'an Metro.

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Baqiao District

Beiqiao District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Before Present

Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.

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Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Beijing Renhe F.C.

Beijing Renhe Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Beilin District, Xi'an

Beilin District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Bell Tower of Xi'an

The Bell Tower of Xi'an (Chinese: 西安钟楼; pinyin: xī ān zhōng lóu), built in 1384 during the early Ming Dynasty, is a symbol of the city of Xi'an and one of the grandest of its kind in China.

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Biangbiang noodles

Biangbiang noodles, alternatively known as you po che mian in Chinese, are a type of noodles popular in the cuisine of China's Shaanxi Province.

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Bicycle-sharing system

A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.

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Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.

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Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.

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Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Bury St Edmunds

Bury St Edmunds is a historic market town and civil parish in the in St Edmundsbury district, in the county of Suffolk, England.

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BYD Auto

BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, and a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Company.

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Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.

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Córdoba, Argentina

Córdoba is a city in the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of the Buenos Aires.

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Central Plains Mandarin

Central Plains Mandarin, or Zhongyuan Mandarin, is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central and southern parts of Shaanxi, Henan, southwestern part of Shanxi, southern part of Gansu, far southern part of Hebei, northern Anhui, northern parts of Jiangsu, southern Xinjiang and southern Shandong.

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Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

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Chang'an District, Xi'an

Chang'an District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Chang'an University

Chang'an University is a university located in Xi'an, China.

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Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.

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Chiba Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region, and the Greater Tokyo Area.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China Central Television

China Central Television (formerly Beijing Television), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in the People's Republic of China.

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China Eastern Airlines

China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (colloquially known as 东航/東航) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building, on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai.

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China Meteorological Administration

The China Meteorological Administration (CMA), headquartered in Beijing, is the national weather service for the People's Republic of China.

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China National Highway 210

China National Highway 210 (G210) runs from Baotou, Inner Mongolia to Nanning, Guangxi Province.

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China National Highway 211

China National Highway 211 (G211) runs from Yinchuan in Ningxia to Xi'an in Shaanxi.

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China National Highway 312

China National Highway 312 (312国道), also referred to as Route 312 or The Mother Road, is a key east-west route beginning in Shanghai and ending at Khorgas, Xinjiang in the Ili River valley, on the border with Kazakhstan.

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China Northwest Airlines

China Northwest Airlines Co., Ltd. (中国西北航空公司) was an airline based in the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Xian.

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China Northwest Airlines Flight 2303

China Northwest Airlines Flight 2303 was a domestic flight from Xi'an to Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

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China Radio International

China Radio International (CRI) is a state-owned international radio broadcaster of the People's Republic of China.

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China Railways CRH2

The CRH2 Hexie Hao (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony Express") is one of the high-speed train models in China.

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China Western Development

China Western Development, also China's Western Development, Western China Development, Great Western Development Strategy or the Open Up the West Program, is a policy adopted for the western regions.

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Chinese Basketball Association

The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated as CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China.

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Chinese Buddhism

Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.

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Chinese city wall

Chinese city walls refer to defensive systems used to protect towns and cities in China in pre-modern times.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

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Chinese Jia-A League

The National Football Jia A League (simplified Chinese, commonly known as Jia-A, was the highest tier of professional football in the People's Republic of China, during 1994 through 2003, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association. The Chinese Professional Football League was established in 1994. Under the direct supervision of the CFA's Professional League Committee, this nationwide league was divided into Divisions 1 and 2. Division 1 was subdivided into Divisions 1A and 1B, Jia A and Jia B, Jia being the Chinese word for top or first. Division 2 was and still is subdivided into regional divisions.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chinese opera

Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.

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Chinese postal romanization

Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.

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Chinese space program

The space program of the People's Republic of China is directed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA).

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Chinese Super League

The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as the China Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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Christianity in China

Christianity in China appeared in the 7th century, during the Tang dynasty, but did not take root until it was reintroduced in the 16th century by Jesuit missionaries.

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In geometry, the circumference (from Latin circumferentia, meaning "carrying around") of a circle is the (linear) distance around it.

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City God (East Asia)

The Chenghuangshen, usually translated as City God, is a tutelary deity or deities in Chinese folk religion who is believed to protect the people and the affairs of the particular village, town or city of great dimension, and the corresponding afterlife location.

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Coca-Cola, or Coke (also Pemberton's Cola at certain Georgian vendors), is a carbonated soft drink produced by The Coca-Cola Company.

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Columbia Encyclopedia

The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and in the last edition, sold by the Gale Group.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Compressed natural gas

Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.

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Counties of the People's Republic of China

Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.

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Cuju, or Ts'u Chu is an ancient Chinese football game, also played in Korea, Japan and Vietnam.

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Cusco (Cuzco,; Qusqu or Qosqo), often spelled Cuzco, is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range.

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Daming Palace

The Daming Palace was the imperial palace complex of the Tang dynasty, located in its capital Chang'an.

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Daqin Pagoda

The Daqin Pagoda (大秦塔) is a Buddhist pagoda in Zhouzhi County of Xi'an (formerly Chang'an), Shaanxi Province, China, located about two kilometres to the west of Louguantai temple.

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Daxing District

Daxing District is a district of Beijing, covering the southern suburbs of the city.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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District (China)

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

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Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.

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Dong Zhuo

Dong Zhuo (died 22 May 192), courtesy name Zhongying, was a military general and warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.

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Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Drum Tower of Xi'an

The Drum Tower of Xi'an (西安鼓楼), located in the heart of Xi'an in Shaanxi province of China, along with the Bell Tower is a symbol of the city.

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Dust storm

A dust storm is a meteorological phenomenon common in arid and semi-arid regions.

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Dynasties in Chinese history

The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese History.

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East Asian Monsoon

The East Asian monsoon is a monsoonal flow that carries moist air from the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean to East Asia.

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Economist Intelligence Unit

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.

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Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Emperor Gaozong of Tang

Emperor Gaozong of Tang (21 July 628 – 27 December 683), personal name Li Zhi, was the third emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683 (although after January 665 much of the governance was in the hands of his second wife Empress Wu, later known as Wu Zetian).

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Emperor Gaozu of Han

Emperor Gaozu of Han (256 BC – 1 June 195 BC), born Liu Bang (刘邦), was the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty, reigning from 202 – 195 BC.

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Emperor Taizong of Tang

Emperor Taizong of Tang (28January 598 10July 649), previously Prince of Qin, personal name Li Shimin, was the second emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649.

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Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Famen Temple

Famen Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Famen town, Fufeng County, 120 kilometers west of Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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Fangzhicheng station

Fangzhicheng station, is a station of Line 1 of the Xi'an Metro.

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Fenghao is the modern name of the twin city formed by the Western Zhou capitals of Feng and Hao on opposite banks of the Feng River near its confluence with the Wei River in Shaanxi, China.

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Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is a palace complex in central Beijing, China.

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Fortifications of Xi'an

The fortifications of Xi'an, also known as Xi'an City Wall, in Xi'an, an ancient capital of China, represent one of the oldest, largest and best preserved Chinese city walls.

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Foshan, formerly romanized as Fatshan, is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province in southeastern China.

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Fourth Military Medical University

Fourth Military Medical University is a military institution of higher learning, affiliated to the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China.

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Frankfurt Airport

Frankfurt Airport (Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, also known as Rhein-Main-Flughafen) is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres.

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Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide,"." Fraport.

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Fu (country subdivision)

Fu is a traditional administrative division of Chinese origin used in the East Asian cultural sphere, translated variously as commandery, prefecture, urban prefecture, or city.

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is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Funabashi, Chiba

is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

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Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.

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Gaoling District

Gaoling District is under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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George Town, Penang

George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island.

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Giant Wild Goose Pagoda

Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda, is a Buddhist pagoda located in southern Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China.

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Golden Bear

The Golden Bear (Goldener Bär) is the highest prize awarded for the best film at the Berlin International Film Festival.

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Great Mosque of Xi'an

The Great Mosque of Xi'an is the largest mosque in China.

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Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Gu Changwei

Gu Changwei (born 12 December 1957) is a Chinese cinematographer and film director.

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Guangzhou Long-Lions

The Guangzhou Long-Lions (Simplified Chinese: 广州龙狮, formerly the Shaanxi Gaitianli Kylins) are a professional basketball team which plays in the Chinese Basketball Association, and is based in Guangzhou, Guangdong.

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Guanzhong (formerly romanised as Kwanchung), or Guanzhong Plain, is a historical region of China corresponding to the lower valley of the Wei River.

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Guanzhong dialect

Guanzhong dialect, is a dialect of Zhongyuan Mandarin spoken in Shaanxi's Guanzhong region, including the prefecture-level city of Xi'an.

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Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.

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Gyeongju (경주), historically known as Seorabeol (서라벌), is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.

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Gyumri (Գյումրի), is an urban municipal community and the second largest city in Armenia, serving as the administrative centre of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Hankou railway station

Hankou railway station is one of the three main railway stations in the city of Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei Province of the People's Republic of China.

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Hanzhong (lit. "middle of the Han River") is a prefecture-level city in southwest Shaanxi province.

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Hao or Haojing, also called Zongzhou (宗周), was one of the two settlements comprising the capital of the Western Zhou dynasty (1066-770 BCE), the other being Fēng or Fēngjīng (灃京).

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Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.

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Historical capitals of China

There are traditionally four historical capitals of China, collectively referred to as the "Four Great Ancient Capitals of China".

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Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania.

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Houweizhai station

Houweizhai station, is a station of Line 1 of the Xi'an Metro.

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Huangfu Mi

Huangfu Mi (215–282) was a Chinese scholar and physician who lived through the late Eastern Han dynasty, Three Kingdoms period and early Western Jin dynasty.

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Huaqing Pool

Huaqing Pool or the Huaqing Hot Springs are a complex of hot springs located in an area characterized by mild weather and scenic views at the northern foot of Mount Li, one of the three major peaks of the Qin Mountains.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Hukou system

Hukou is a system of household registration in mainland China and Taiwan, although the system itself is more properly called "huji", and has origins in ancient China.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.

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Huyi District

Huyi District also formerly known as Hu County, or Huxian, is under the administration of Xi'an, the capital city of the Chinese province of Shaanxi, with a population of about 578,000.

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Iași (also referred to as Jassy or Iassy) is the second-largest city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Iași County.

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Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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ISO 3166-2:CN

ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.

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Jesuit China missions

The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China is part of the history of relations between China and the Western world.

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Jianfu Temple

Jianfu Temple is a Chinese Buddhist temple located at West Youyi Rd.

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Jiankang, or Jianye, as it was originally called, was the capital city of the Eastern Wu (229–265 and 266–280 CE), the Jin dynasty (317–420 CE) and the Southern Dynasties (420–552 and 557–589 CE).

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Jin Hao

Jin Hao, (Chinese: 金号 Pinyin: Jīnhào), which translates to "Gold Number", is a group of radio stations in Shaanxi, China serving Xi'an, China and the greater provincial area.

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Kaifeng, known previously by several names, is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China.

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Kalamata (Καλαμάτα Kalamáta) is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patras, in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region.

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Kansai region

The or the lies in the southern-central region of Japan's main island Honshū.

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Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.

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Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.

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Lantian County

Lantian County is under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Lantian Man

Lantian Man, formerly Sinanthropus lantianensis (currently Homo erectus lantianensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus.

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Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.

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Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.

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Liangpi is a noodle-like Chinese dish made from wheat or rice flour.

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Lianhu District

Lianhu District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Lintong District

Lintong District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.

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List of postal codes in China

Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.

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Liu Chuanzhi

Liu Chuanzhi (born 29 April 1944) is a Chinese businessman.

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Loess Plateau

The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.

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Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.

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Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level

A Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National LevelEnglish translation for "全国重点文物保护单位" varies, it includes Major Site (to Be) Protected for Its Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level, Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level (both are official translations in the and the), Cultural Heritage Sites under State-level Protection (by Atlas of Chinese Cultural Relics series), Key Cultural Relic Unit under State Protection (semi-literal translation), etc.

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A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people.

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Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Qin Shi Huang) is located in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province of China.

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A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Mount Hua

Mount Hua is a mountain located near the city of Huayin in Shaanxi province, about east of Xi'an.

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Mount Li

Mount Li is a mountain located in the northeast of Xi'an in Shaanxi Province, China.

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Nara, Nara

is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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National security

National security refers to the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.

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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Nestorian Stele

The Nestorian Stele, also known as the Nestorian Stone, Nestorian Monument, or Nestorian Tablet, is a Tang Chinese stele erected in 781 that documents 150 years of early Christianity in China.

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Nestorianism is a Christological doctrine that emphasizes a distinction between the human and divine natures of the divine person, Jesus.

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News from Tartary

News from Tartary: A Journey from Peking to Kashmir (1936) is a travel book by Peter Fleming describing his journey through time and the political situation of Turkestan (historically known as Tartary).

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Northwest China

Northwestern China includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

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Northwest University (China)

Northwest University, located in Xi'an city, Shaanxi Province, is one of the nation's leading comprehensive universities.

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Northwest University of Politics and Law

Northwest University of Politics and Law (abbreviated NWUPL, Chinese: 西北政法大学 Pinyin: xīběi zhèngfǎ dàxué) is a university in Xi'an, and one of the top law schools in China.

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Northwestern Polytechnical University

Northwestern Polytechnical University (also known as NPU or NWPU;; Северо-западный политехнический университет) is a National Key University, directed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China, located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.

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A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia and further developed in East Asia or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia.

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A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.

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, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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Paomo is a specialty of Shaanxi cuisine and is a typical food eaten in the city of Xi'an.

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Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Pau is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

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Peking opera

Peking opera, or Beijing opera, is a form of Chinese opera which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance and acrobatics.

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Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.

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People's Daily

The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.

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People's Liberation Army

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Peter Fleming (writer)

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Peter Fleming (31 May 1907 – 18 August 1971) was a British adventurer, soldier and travel writer.

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Photovoltaics (PV) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry.

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Pingju or Ping Opera (p píngjù) is a form of Chinese opera from northern China.

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Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.

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PLA Rocket Force University of Engineering

PLA Rocket Force University of Engineering, previously known as PLA Second Artillery Engineering University is a state university administered by the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force.

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The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between tall.

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Pompei is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Qin (state)

Qin (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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The Qinling or Qin Mountains, formerly known as the Nanshan ("Southern Mountains") and sometimes called the "Szechuan Alps", are a major east-west mountain range in southern Shaanxi Province, China.

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Qinqiang (秦腔, pinyin: Qínqiāng) or Luantan (亂彈, pinyin: Luàntán) is the representative folk Chinese opera of the northwest Province of Shaanxi, China, where it was called Qin thousands of years ago.

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Quebec City

Quebec City (pronounced or; Québec); Ville de Québec), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is situated north-east of Montreal. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Red Sorghum (film)

Red Sorghum is a 1988 Chinese film about a young woman's life working on a distillery for sorghum liquor.

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The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Research and development

Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.

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Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi’an

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Xi’an (Singanen(sis)) is an archdiocese located in the city of Xi’an in China.

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Romanization of Chinese

The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.

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Roujiamo, also known as rougamo or rou jia mo, meaning "meat sandwich," is a street food originating from the cuisine of Shaanxi Province and now widely consumed all over China.

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Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

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Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.

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Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.

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Shaanxi Guoli F.C.

Shaanxi Guoli Football Club is a defunct football club who played in Xi'an, Shaanxi and their home stadium was the 50,100 seater Jiaodaruisun Stadium.

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Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum, which is located to the northwest of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda in the ancient city Xi'an, in the Shaanxi province of China, is one of the first huge state museums with modern facilities in China and one of the largest.

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Shaanxi Normal University

Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU) is a key institution of higher education in People's Republic of China authorized to grant degrees in various subject.

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Shaanxi Television

Shaanxi Television, also known as SXTV, is a Chinese television network based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology

Shaanxi University of Science & Technology is a university located in Xianyang, Shaanxi province, China.

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Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

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Silk Road

The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Small Wild Goose Pagoda

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, sometimes Little Wild Goose Pagoda, is one of two significant pagodas in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, the site of the old Han and Tang capital Chang'an.

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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Southwest China

Southwest China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Standard Chinese phonology

This article summarizes the phonology (the sound system, or in more general terms, the pronunciation) of Standard Chinese (Standard Mandarin).

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A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.

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Stele Forest

The Stele Forest or Beilin Museum is a museum for steles and stone sculptures in Xi'an, China.

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Styphnolobium japonicum

Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, the Japanese pagoda tree (Chinese scholar tree, pagoda tree; syn. Sophora japonica) is a species of tree in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae.

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Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China

A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

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Subdistricts of the People's Republic of China

The subdistrict (literally "Street") (also abbreviated as 街(Jiē)) is one of the smaller political divisions of the People's Republic of China.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.

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Syriac language

Syriac (ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ), also known as Syriac Aramaic or Classical Syriac, is a dialect of Middle Aramaic.

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T. Fisher Unwin


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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tang Paradise

Tang Paradise is a large theme park in the city of Xi'an, in Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China.

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Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Taoist schools

Taoism is a religion with many schools or denominations, of which none occupies a position of orthodoxy.

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Taupo (also spelled Taupō) is a town on the shore of Lake Taupo, which occupies the caldera of the Taupo Volcano in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand.

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Temple of Confucius

A temple of Confucius or Confucian temple is a temple for the veneration of Confucius and the sages and philosophers of Confucianism in Chinese folk religion and other East Asian religions.

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Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China.

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).

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A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.

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Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.

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Time in China

The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.

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, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Towns of the People's Republic of China

When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).

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Tuya's Marriage

Tuya's Marriage is a 2006 Chinese film directed by Wang Quan'an.

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Twin cities

Twin cities are a special case of two cities or urban centres that are founded in close geographic proximity and then grow into each other over time, losing most of their mutual buffer zone.

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Vehicle registration plates of China

Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.

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Wade–Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization system for Mandarin Chinese.

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Wang Yongkang

Wang Yongkang (born November 1963) is a Chinese engineer and politician, serving since December 2016 as the Communist Party Secretary of Xi'an.

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Warring States period

The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.

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Wei River

The Wei River is a major river in west-central China's Gansu and Shaanxi provinces.

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Weiyang District, Xi'an

Weiyang District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Weiyang Palace

Weiyang Palace was the main imperial palace complex of Han Dynasty and many other dynasties, located in the city of Chang'an (modern-day Xi'an).

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West Triangle Economic Zone

The West Triangle Economic Zone is an economic zone designated by the Chinese government comprising Chengdu, Chongqing and Xi'an.

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Western China

Western China (or rarely) is the west of China.

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Western Zhou

The Western Zhou (西周; c. 1046 – 771 BC) was the first half of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.

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Wolong Temple

Wolong Temple (Chinese: 卧龙寺) is located on Baishulin St., Beilin District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province of China.

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Xi'an Conservatory of Music

The Xi'an Conservatory of Music is a music school located at Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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Xi'an Economic and Technological Development Zone

Xi'an Economic and Technological Development Zone is a state-level economic development zone in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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Xi'an guyue

Xi'an guyue (西安鼓乐), also Shaanxi guyue (陕西鼓乐), is the regional Chinese ritual music genre featuring a type of wind and percussion ensemble named for its place of origin, Xi'an, in Shaanxi Province.

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Xi'an Incident

The Xi'an Incident of 1936 was a political crisis that took place in Xi'an, China prior to the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Xi'an International Studies University

Xi'an International Studies University (XISU) is a public Chinese university located in the northwestern city of Xi'an, China's ancient capital well known for the Terracotta Warriors and a key city in the Western China.

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Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi'an Jiaotong University (abbreviated XJTU) is a C9 League university with strengths in engineering, technology, management, and public health located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

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Xi'an Muslim Quarter

The Xi'an Muslim Quarter, is a relatively large Muslim enclave in Xi’an City, China.

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Xi'an North railway station

Xi'an North railway station is a railway station on the Zhengxi Passenger Railway, Xibao Passenger Railway and Daxi Passenger Railway.

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Xi'an Polytechnic University

Xi'an Polytechnic University is a college located in Xi'an, in the Shaanxi province, China.

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Xi'an railway station

Xi'an railway station is one of the two main railway stations of Xi'an, the capital of China's Shaanxi Province.

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Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology

Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology (西安建筑科技大学) is a university in Xi'an, China.

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Xi'an University of Science and Technology

Xi'an University of Science and Technology (西安科技大学) is a university located in Xi'an.

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Xi'an Xianyang International Airport

Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is the main airport serving Xi'an, the capital of China's Shaanxi Province, as well as the whole Guanzhong area.

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Xianyang is a prefecture-level city in central Shaanxi province, situated on the Wei River a few kilometers upstream (west) from the provincial capital of Xi'an.

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Xidian University

Xidian University1 (Chinese: 西安电子科技大学, pinyin: Xīān Diànzǐ Kējì Dàxué) is a public research university directly under the Ministry of Education of China, located in Xi'an, China.

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Ximing Temple

Ximing Temple was a famous temple in Chang'an, the capital of the Tang dynasty in Chinese history.

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Xincheng District, Xi'an

Xincheng District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Xingjiao Temple

The Xingjiao Temple is located in Shaoling Yuan, Chang'an District of Xi'an.

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Xu Wei (musician)

Xu Wei (Simplified Chinese:, pinyin:Xǔ Wēi; born 21 July 1968) is a Chinese rock musician.

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Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.

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Xuchang (postal: Hsuchang) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province in Central China.

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Yanliang District

Yanliang District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Yanta District

Yanta District is one of nine districts of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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Yijing (monk)

Yijing (635–713 CE) was a Tang dynasty Chinese Buddhist monk originally named Zhang Wenming.

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Yinxu (modern) is the site of one of the ancient and major historical capitals of China.

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Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

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Zhang Chu (singer)

Zhang Chu (born 17 November 1968) is a Chinese musician who was born in Liuyang, Hunan.

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Zhang Yimou

Zhang Yimou (born 2 April 1950) is a Chinese film director, producer, writer and actor, and former cinematographer.

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Zheng Jun

Zheng Jun (born 6 November 1967) is Chinese rock singer-songwriter.

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Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.

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Zhengzhou–Xi'an high-speed railway

The Zhengzhou–Xi'an high-speed railway, also known as the Zhengxi passenger line, is a high-speed railway line connecting the cities of Zhengzhou and Xi'an, in the People's Republic of China.

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Zhongnan Mountains

The Zhongnan Mountains, sometimes called the Taiyi Mountains or Zhounan Mountains, are a branch of the Qin Mountains located in Shaanxi Province, south of Xi'an, China that extend from Wugong County in the east of the province to Lantian County.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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Zhouzhi County

Zhouzhi is a county under the administration of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

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1556 Shaanxi earthquake

The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Huaxian earthquake or Jiajing earthquake was a catastrophic earthquake and is also the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people.

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2012 China anti-Japanese demonstrations

The China anti-Japanese demonstrations of 2012 were a series of initially demonstrations held across major cities in China during August and September 2012.

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2012 Chinese Super League

The 2012 Chinese Super League was the ninth season since the establishment of the Chinese Super League, the nineteenth season of a professional football league and the 51st top-tier league season in China.

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Redirects here:

Capital of Shaanxi, Geography of Xi'an, Hsi'an, Hsi-An, Hsi-an, Hsian, Sai-an Fu, Se Gan Foo, Si-ngan-fu, Sian, China, Sianfu, Signan, Siking, Singan, X'IAN, Xi An, Xi Jing, Xi'an City, Xi'an Municipality, Xi'an, China, Xi'an, Shaanxi, XiAn, Xian, Xian, China, Xian, Shaanxi, Xi΄an, Xi’an, Xī'ān, Xīān, 西安, 西安市.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi'an

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