337 relations: Agence France-Presse, Air Defense Identification Zone (East China Sea), Alexander Lukashenko, American Dream, Angela Merkel, Anti-corruption campaign under Xi Jinping, Ash Carter, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Associated Press, Association football, B92, Bai Enpei, Bali, Bandung, Bandung Conference, Baozi, Barack Obama, BBC Radio 4, Beijing, Belarusian Telegraph Agency, Belt and Road Forum, Benigno Aquino III, Block (Internet), Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg News, Bo Xilai, BRICS, British Virgin Islands, Brookings Institution, Celebrity, Censorship in China, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission, Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs, Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, Central Foreign Affairs Commission, Central Leading Group for Military Reform, Central Leading Group for Taiwan Affairs, Central Military Commission (China), Central Party School of the Communist Party of China, Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, Chai Songyue, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Channel NewsAsia, Charles-Édouard Bouée, Chemical engineering, Chen Liangyu, Chen Mingyi, ..., Cheng Li, China, China Central Television, China Digital Times, China–Japan relations, China–Pakistan Economic Corridor, China–South Korea relations, China–Sri Lanka relations, China–United States relations, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Dream, Chinese economic reform, Chinese nationalism, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Civil society, Collective leadership, Communist Party of China, Communist Youth League of China, Computer security, Constitution of the Communist Party of China, Constitution of the People's Republic of China, Cult of personality, Cultural Revolution, Cyberwarfare in China, Daily Mail, David Cameron, Davos, Decorations, medals and badges of Palestine, Deng Jiagui, Deng Pufang, Deng Xiaoping, Deng Xiaoping Theory, Dengzhou, Doctor of Law, Document Number Nine, Down to the Countryside Movement, Durban, Elizabeth II, Eurasia, European Union, Evan Osnos, Ex officio member, Fan Changlong, Fiery Cross Reef, Financial Times, Forbes, Foreign Languages Press, Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China, Free trade, Fujian, Fuping County, Shaanxi, Fuzhou, G20, Gansu, General Office of the Central Military Commission, General Office of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary of the Communist Party, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping important speech series, Generations of Chinese leadership, Geng Biao, Globalization, Google Books, Great Recession, Great Wall of Sand, Gu Junshan, Guangdong, Gujarat, Guo Boxiong, Gutian Congress, Hakka Chinese, Han Fei, Han Zheng, Hangzhou, Harvard University, He Guoqiang, Hebei, Henan, Henry Paulson, Hillary Clinton, Hu Jintao, Internal media of China, International Business Times, International Olympic Committee, Internet censorship in China, Jack Lew, Jade Spring Hill, Jia Zhangke, Jiang Zemin, Joe Biden, John Kerry, Kevin Rudd, Lai Changxing, Laogai, Latin American Herald Tribune, Lü Zushan, Leader of the Communist Party of China, Leadership core, Lee Hsien Loong, Lee Kuan Yew, Leung Chun-ying, Leung Chun-ying as Chief Executive of Hong Kong, Li Changchun, Li Keqiang, Li Yuanchao, Li Zhanshu, Ling Jihua, Liu Tienan, Liu Yandong, Liu Yunshan, Lu Zhangong, Luoyang, Ma Ying-jeou, Mainland China, Manchester City F.C., Mao Zedong, Maoism, Marriage in modern China, Marxism–Leninism, Marxism–Leninism–Maoism, Marxist philosophy, Mass line, Mexico City, Michelle Obama, Montego Bay, Muscatine, Iowa, Narendra Modi, National Museum of China, National People's Congress, National Security Commission of the Communist Party of China, National Supervisory Commission, Nelson Mandela, New Citizens' Movement, New Zhijiang Army, Ningde, Nishan-e-Pakistan, North Korea, Nuclear Security Summit, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Office of Personnel Management data breach, Olympic Order, One Belt One Road Initiative, One-child policy, Order of José Martí, Order of King Abdulaziz, Order of Leopold (Belgium), Order of St. Andrew, Order of the Liberator, Orders of precedence in China, Orders, decorations, and medals of Belarus, Orders, decorations, and medals of Serbia, Panama Papers, Paramount leader, Park Geun-hye, Party Committee Secretary, Peng Liyuan, People's Daily, People's Liberation Army, Politburo of the Communist Party of China, Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, Politics of Fujian, Politics of Zhejiang, Premier of the People's Republic of China, Presidency of Barack Obama, President of the People's Republic of China, President of the Republic of China, Primary stage of socialism, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Princelings, Pu Zhiqiang, Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China, Punti, Qi Qiaoqiao, Qi Xin, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Re-education through labor, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Reuters, San José, Costa Rica, Saving Private Ryan, Scientific Outlook on Development, Sebastian Heilmann, Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Self-criticism, Senkaku Islands, Shaanxi, Shanghai pension scandal, Shanxi, Shell corporation, Sina Weibo, Sino-Russian relations since 1991, Socialism with Chinese characteristics, Song Lin, South China Morning Post, South China Sea, South China Sea Islands, Spratly Islands, Sri Lankan Civil War, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, State visit, State-owned enterprise, Su Rong, Sunnylands, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Taiwan, Taiwan Strait, Territorial disputes in the South China Sea, The Departed, The Godfather, The Governance of China, The Hague, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Washington Post, Three Represents, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Tony Abbott, Tsinghua University, U.S.–China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, United Daily News, United Nations Office at Geneva, United Nations Security Council, United States diplomatic cables leak, United States Office of Personnel Management, University of California, San Diego, Valletta, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China, Vice President of the People's Republic of China, Vladimir Putin, Wan Qingliang, Wang Huning, Wang Qishan, Wang Yi (politician), WeChat, Wei Fenghe, Wei Jianxing, Weiquan movement, Wen Wei Po, Winnie-the-Pooh, Worker-Peasant-Soldier student, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, World War II, Xi (surname), Xi Jinping Thought, Xi Mingze, Xi Zhongxun, Xi–Li Administration, Xinhua News Agency, Xu Caihou, Xu Qiliang, Xu Zhiyong, Yanchuan County, Yu Guoxing, Yu Zhengsheng, Zeng Qinghong, Zhang Dejiang, Zhang Youxia, Zhao Hongzhu, Zhejiang, Zhengding County, Zhongnanhai, Zhou Yongkang, Zhu De, Zhu Rongji, 11th National People's Congress, 12th National People's Congress, 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 17th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 18th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 19th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 2008 Sichuan earthquake, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade, 2015 Xi Jinping visit to Pakistan, 2015 Xi Jinping visit to the United Kingdom, 2015 Xi Jinping visit to the United States, 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China, 6521 Project. 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Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
The East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (abbreviated ADIZ) is an Air Defense Identification Zone covering most of the East China Sea where the People's Republic of China announced that it was introducing new air traffic restrictions in November 2013.
Aleksandr Grigoryevich Lukashenko (translit,; ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲjɪvʲɪtɕ ɫʊkɐˈʂɛnkə; born 30 August 1954) is a Belarusian politician serving as President of Belarus since the office was created on 20 July 1994.
The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, the set of ideals (democracy, rights, liberty, opportunity and equality) in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, as well as an upward social mobility for the family and children, achieved through hard work in a society with few barriers.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
A far-reaching campaign against corruption began in China following the conclusion of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
Ashton Baldwin Carter (born September 24, 1954) is an American physicist and former Harvard University professor of Science and International Affairs who served as the 25th United States Secretary of Defense from February 2015 to January 2017.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
RTV B92 or simply B92, is a Serbian news station and television and radio broadcaster with national coverage headquartered in Belgrade, Serbia.
Bai Enpei (born 8 September 1946) is a former Chinese politician convicted of corruption.
Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.
Bandung (Sundanese:, Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.
The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Konferensi Asia-Afrika)—was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.
Baozi, or bao, is a type of filled bun or bread-like (i.e. made with yeast) dumpling in various Chinese cuisines.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Belarusian Telegraph Agency or BelTA (Беларускае Тэлеграфнае Агенцтва, Белорусское Телеграфное Агентство, БелТА) is the state-owned national news agency of the Republic of Belarus.
The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, or BARF was held on May 14–15, 2017 in Beijing, and drew 29 foreign heads of state and government and representatives from more than 130 countries and 70 international organizations.
Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino IIIQuezon, Manuel L..
On the Internet, a block or ban is a technical measure intended to restrict access to information or resources.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Bo Xilai (born 3 July 1949) is a former Chinese politician.
BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
The British Virgin Islands (BVI), officially simply "Virgin Islands", are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, to the east of Puerto Rico.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Celebrity refers to the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or, occasionally, animals, but is usually applied to the persons or groups of people (celebrity couples, families, etc.) themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention.
Censorship in the People's Republic of China (PRC) is implemented or mandated by the PRC's ruling party, the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) is the highest internal control institution of the Communist Party of China (CPC), tasked with enforcing internal rules and regulations and combating corruption and malfeasance in the Party.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is a political body that comprises the top leaders of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission, formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Politburo of the Communist Party of China in charge of "Comprehensively Deepening Reforms".
The Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs is an internal policy coordination group of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council of the People's Republic of China, reporting to the Politburo, in charge of supervising and coordinating Beijing's policy towards the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
The Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the purpose of managing internet-related issues.
The Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs from 1989–2018, is a commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China at the dependence of the CPC Politburo in charge of leading and supervising economic work of both the CPC Central Committee and the State Council.
The Central Foreign Affairs Commission, formerly known as the Central Foreign Affairs Leading (Small) Group (FALG or FALSG) is a commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China that exercises general oversight on matters related to foreign affairs.
The Leading Group for National Defence and Military Reform of the Central Military Commission is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China and ultimately answerable to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the purpose of formulating policies related to military reform.
The Central Leading Group for Taiwan Affairs is an internal policy coordination group of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council of the People's Republic of China, reporting to the Politburo, in charge of supervising and coordinating Beijing's policy towards Taiwan, including developing cross-strait relations.
The Central Military Commission (CMC) refers to the parallel national defense organizations of the Communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China: the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, a Party organ under the CPC Central Committee, and the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China, a central state organ under the National People's Congress, being the military branch of the national government.
The Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Beijing, also known as the Central Party School, is the higher education institution which specifically trains officials for the Communist Party of China.
The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China, commonly referred to as Zhongyang Zhengfawei (中央政法委, literally "Central Poli-Legal Commission") in Chinese, is the organization under the Party's Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs. In practice the organization oversees all legal enforcement authorities, including the police force, making it a very powerful organ. All the Party committees of provinces, municipalities, counties and autonomous regions establish respective politics and law commissions. The Commission is headed by a secretary who is usually a Central Politburo member.
Chai Songyue (Chinese: 柴松岳; November, 1941) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
The Chairman of the Central Military Commission has overall responsibility for the Central Military Commission, serving as the commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army.
Channel NewsAsia (abbreviated CNA) is a 24-hour television news channel and news agency based in Singapore, broadcasting free-to-air domestically and by cable television and satellite television to 28 territories in Asia, the Middle East and Australia.
Charles-Édouard Bouée (born 17 May 1969 in France) is the Chief Executive Officer of Roland Berger.
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.
Chen Liangyu (born October 24, 1946) is a disgraced Chinese politician best known for his tenure as the Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai, the city's top office, from 2002 to his dismissal in 2006, and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
Chen Mingyi (born August 1940) is a politician in the People's Republic of China.
Cheng Li is a Chinese-American scholar specializing in Chinese elite politics and contemporary Chinese society; he has served as the director of the John L. Thornton China Center at the Brookings Institution since 2014, replacing Kenneth Lieberthal in the role.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Central Television (formerly Beijing Television), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in the People's Republic of China.
China Digital Times (CDT) is a California-based bilingual news website covering China.
China–Japan relations or Sino-Nippon relations (日中関係; にっちゅうかんけい) refer to the international relations between the People's Republic of China and the State of Japan.
China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (پاكستان-چین اقتصادی راہداری; also known by the acronym CPEC) is a collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan.
Diplomatic relations between the People's Republic of China and South Korea were formally established on August 24, 1992.
The China–Sri Lanka relations refers to bilateral relations between the People's Republic of China and Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
China–United States relations, more often known as U.S.–Chinese relations, Chinese–U.S. relations, or Sino-American relations, refers to international relations between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese Dream is a term popularized after 2013 within Chinese society that describes a set of personal and national ethos and ideals in China and the Government of China.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Chinese nationalism is the form of nationalism in China which asserts that the Chinese people are a nation and promotes the cultural and national unity of the Chinese.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens".
Collective leadership is a distribution of power within an organisational structure.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Communist Youth League of China, also known as the Young Communist League of China or simply the Communist Youth League, is a youth movement of the People's Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
The Constitution of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has 53 Articles and includes contents of General Program, Membership, Organization System, Central Organizations, Local Organizations, Primary Organizations, Party Cadres, Party Discipline, Party Organs for Discipline Inspection, Leading Party Members' Groups, Relationship Between the Party and the Communist Youth League, Party Emblem and Flag.
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law within the People's Republic of China.
A cult of personality arises when a country's regime – or, more rarely, an individual politician – uses the techniques of mass media, propaganda, the big lie, spectacle, the arts, patriotism, and government-organized demonstrations and rallies to create an idealized, heroic, and worshipful image of a leader, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
China is the world's second-largest economy, and a nuclear weapons state with the world's second-largest defence budget.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
Davos (German pronunciation; Tavau, archaic Italian: Tavate) is an Alpine town, and a municipality in the Prättigau/Davos Region in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland.
Decorations, medals and badges of Palestine are both military and civilian awards for service and personal contributions to the State of Palestine, in this order (Article 117).
Deng Jiagui (born 1951; 邓家贵) is a Chinese businessman, and the husband of Qi Qiaoqiao, who is the elder sister of Xi Jinping, President of China and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
Deng Pufang (born 16 April 1944) is the first son of China's former Paramount leader Deng Xiaoping.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
Deng Xiaoping Theory, also known as Dengism, is the series of political and economic ideologies first developed by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping.
Dengzhou, formerly Deng County, is a city in Nanyang, Henan, China.
Doctor of Law or Doctor of Laws is a degree in law.
Document Number Nine (or Document No. 9), more properly the Communiqué on the Current State of the Ideological Sphere (also translated as the Briefing on the Current Situation in the Ideological Realm), is a confidential internal document widely circulated within the Communist Party of China in 2013 by the General Office of the Communist Party of China.
at appropriate points in the text --> The Up to the Mountains and Down to the Countryside Movement was a policy instituted in the People's Republic of China in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Evan Lionel Richard Osnos (born December 24, 1976) is an American journalist and author.
An ex officio member is a member of a body (a board, committee, council, etc.) who is part of it by virtue of holding another office.
Fan Changlong (born 1947) is a general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China.
Fiery Cross Reef, also known as "Northwest Investigator Reef", "Yongshu Reef" (永暑礁) by the Chinese, "Kagitingan Reef" by the Filipinos, and "Đá Chữ Thập" by the Vietnamese was, prior to large scale reclamation activities by China, a group of three reefs just west of the western edge of Dangerous Ground in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Foreign Languages Press is a publishing house located in China.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国外交部部长) is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China and one of the country's most important cabinet posts.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
Fuping County is a county in Weinan City, located in the center of Shaanxi Province, China.
Fuzhou, formerly romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.
The G20 (or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
The General Office of the Central Military Commission is an administrative agency of the Central Military Commission which assists the leaders with the day to day administrative operations of the CMC.
The General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, often referred to as the Central Office (中办), is an office directly under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in charge of the routine administrative affairs of the Central Committee and its Politburo.
General Secretary or First Secretary is the official title of leaders of most Communist political parties.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is head of the Communist Party of China and the highest-ranking official within the People's Republic of China.
General Secretary Xi Jinping important speech series is a book of statements from speeches by Xi Jinping, the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, published in 2014 and 2016 and widely distributed during Xi's administration.
Since both the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army promote according to seniority, it is possible to discern distinct generations of Chinese leadership.
Geng Biao (August 26, 1909 – June 23, 2000) was a senior official in the Communist Party of China (CPC) and a leader in Chinese politics, foreign relations and military.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
"Great Wall of Sand" is a name first used in March 2015 by US Admiral Harry Harris, who was commander of the Pacific Fleet, to describe a series of uniquely large-scale land reclamation projects by the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the Spratly Islands area of the South China Sea in the period from late 2013 to late 2016.
Gu Junshan (born October 1956This birth date is disputed. According to by Chinese-language magazine Caixin, Gu's close friends and military colleagues state his real birthday is October 1954. It is unclear why the discrepancy exists.) is a former lieutenant general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China who was sentenced to prison for corruption.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Guo Boxiong (born July 1942) was a general of the People's Liberation Army of China.
The Gutian Congress or Gutian Conference was the 9th meeting of the 4th Red Army and the first after the Nanchang Uprising and the subsequent southward flight of the rebel troops.
Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.
Han Fei (233 BC), also known as Han Fei Zi, was a Chinese philosopher of the Warring States period "Chinese Legalist" school.
Han Zheng (born April 1954) is a Chinese politician, and a member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, serving as First Vice Premier of the State Council since March 2018.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
He Guoqiang (born October 1943) is a retired senior leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Henry Merritt "Hank" Paulson Jr. (born March 28, 1946) is an American banker who subsequently served as the 74th Secretary of the Treasury.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
---- Hu Jintao (born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012.
Internal media of China enables the officials of China to access information that is subject of censorship in China.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
Internet censorship in China is among the most extensive in the world due to a wide variety of laws and administrative regulations.
Jacob Joseph "Jack" Lew (born August 29, 1955) is an American attorney who was the 76th United States Secretary of the Treasury, serving from 2013 to 2017.
Jade Spring Hill is located to the west of the Summer Palace in Beijing, China.
Jia Zhangke (born 24 May 1970) is a Chinese film director and screenwriter.
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is a former Australian politician who was the 26th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from December 2007 to June 2010 and again from June to September 2013.
Lai Changxing (born September 15, 1958) is a former Chinese businessman and entrepreneur.
Laogai (勞改/劳改), the abbreviation for Láodòng Gǎizào (勞動改造/劳动改造), which means "reform through labor", is a slogan of the Chinese criminal justice system and has been used to refer to the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Latin American Herald Tribune (LAHT) is an online-only newspaper with headquarters in Caracas, Venezuela.
Lü Zushan (born November 1946) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
The leader, now officially the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of China (CPC), is by right of office the Chairman of the Central Military Commission and the President of the People's Republic of China.
In modern Chinese politics, a leadership core refers to a leader who is recognized as central to the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
Lee Hsien Loong (Tamil: லீ சியன் லூங்; born 10 February 1952) is a Singaporean politician serving as the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore since 2004.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Leung Chun-ying, GBM, JP (born 12 August 1954), also known as CY Leung, is a Hong Kong politician.
The administration of Leung Chun-ying as Chief Executive of Hong Kong, officially referred to as "The 4th term Chief Executive of Hong Kong" relates to the period of governance of Hong Kong since the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, between 1 July 2012 and 30 June 2017.
Li Changchun (born February 1944) is a retired Chinese politician and a former senior leader of the Communist Party of China.
Li Keqiang (Mandarin:; born 1 July 1955) is the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
Li Yuanchao (born 20 November 1951) was the Vice President of the People's Republic of China from 2013 to 2018 and the Honorary President of the Red Cross Society of China.
Li Zhanshu (born August 30, 1950) is a Chinese politician, and the current chairman of National People's Congress.
Ling Jihua (born 22 October 1956) is a former Chinese politician as one of the principal political advisers of former leader Hu Jintao.
Liu Tienan (born October 1954) is a former Chinese politician and senior economic official.
Liu Yandong (born 22 November 1945) is a Chinese politician.
Liu Yunshan (born July 1947) is a retired Chinese politician.
Lu Zhangong (born May 1952) is a Chinese politician.
Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
Ma Ying-jeou (born 13 July 1950), also spelled as Ma Yingjiu, is a Hong Kong-born Taipei-based politician who served as the eighteenth President of the Republic of China from 2008 to 2016 as well as sixth under the 1947 Constitution.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Manchester City Football Club is a football club in Manchester, England.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as Maoists.
Marriage in China has undergone change during the country's reform and opening period, especially because of new legal policies like the New Marriage Law of 1950 and the Family planning policy in place from 1979 to 2015.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism (M–L–M or MLM, formerly known as Marxism–Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought) is a political philosophy that builds upon Marxism–Leninism and some aspects of Mao Zedong Thought which was first formalised in 1993 by the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
Marxist philosophy or Marxist theory are works in philosophy that are strongly influenced by Karl Marx's materialist approach to theory, or works written by Marxists.
The mass line (from the Chinese qunzhong luxian) is the political, organizational and leadership method developed by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) during the Chinese revolution.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama (born January 17, 1964) is an American lawyer and writer who served as the First Lady of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
Montego Bay is the capital of the parish of St. James and is also Jamaica's only other officially incorporated city, referred to as The Second City or more widely known as MoBay in local lingo and sometimes Bay by the locals.
Muscatine is a city in Muscatine County, Iowa, United States.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
The National Museum of China flanks the eastern side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
The National People's Congress (usually abbreviated NPC) is the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. With 2,980 members in 2018, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. Under China's Constitution, the NPC is structured as a unicameral legislature, with the power to legislate, the power to oversee the operations of the government, and the power to elect the major officers of state. However, the NPC has been described as a "rubber stamp," having "never rejected a government proposal" in its history. The NPC is elected for a term of five years. It holds annual sessions every spring, usually lasting from 10 to 14 days, in the Great Hall of the People on the west side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The NPC's sessions are usually timed to occur with the meetings of the National Committee of the People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a consultative body whose members represent various social groups. As the NPC and the CPPCC are the main deliberative bodies of China, they are often referred to as the Lianghui (Two Assemblies). According to the NPC, its annual meetings provide an opportunity for the officers of state to review past policies and present future plans to the nation.
The Central National Security Commission (abbreviated CNSC) of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was established at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee in November 2013, and was considered a "major regrouping of the top CCP power structure." The factors driving the establishment of the CNSC were security challenges faced by the Chinese Party-State, and the deficiencies of the current system The CNSC aims to consolidate political leadership of all components of the security apparatus controlled by the Communist Party, including those headed formerly by former Politburo Standing Committee member Zhou Yongkang.
National Supervisory Commission of the People's Republic of China is the highest anti-corruption agency of the People's Republic of China, at the same administrative ranking as Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
The Chinese New Citizens' Movement is a collection of numerous civil rights activists in mainland China since 2010.
The New Zhijiang Army, is a term used by observers to represent political figures in the Communist Party of China who held important provincial and local posts during Xi Jinping's term as Communist Party Secretary of Zhejiang province.
Ningde (Foochow Romanized: Nìng-dáik), also known as Mindong (Foochow Romanized: Mìng-dĕ̤ng; lit. East of Fujian), is a prefecture-level city located along the northeastern coast of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
The Nishan-e-Pakistan (نشان پاکستان, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) is a world summit, aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism around the globe.
Nursultan Ábishuly Nazarbayev (born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh statesman serving as President of Kazakhstan since the office was created on April 24, 1990.
In June 2015, the United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) announced that it had been the target of a data breach targeting the records of as many as four million people.
The Olympic Order is the highest award of the Olympic Movement and is awarded for particularly distinguished contributions to the Olympic Movement, i.e. recognition of efforts worthy of merit in the cause of sport.
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) or the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road is a development strategy proposed by the Chinese government which focuses on connectivity and cooperation between Eurasian countries, primarily the People's Republic of China (PRC), the land-based Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and the ocean-going Maritime Silk Road (MSR).
The one-child policy, a part of the family planning policy, was a population planning policy of China.
The Order of José Martí (Orden José Martí) is a state honor in Cuba.
The Order of King Abdulaziz is a Saudi-Arabian Order of Merit.
The Order of Leopold (Leopoldsorde, Ordre de Léopold) is one of the three current Belgian national honorary orders of knighthood.
The Order of St.
The Order of the Liberator was the highest distinction of Venezuela and was appointed for services to the country, outstanding merit and benefits made to the community.
The Orders of precedence in China is the ranking of political leaders in China for the purposes of event protocol and to arrange the ordering of names in official news bulletins, both written and televised.
Awards and decorations of Belarus are governed by the Law of the Republic of Belarus on State Awards of 18 May 2004.
State decorations of the Republic of Serbia are regulated by the Law on Decorations of the Republic of Serbia adopted in 2009.
The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities.
In modern Chinese politics, the paramount leader of the Communist Party of China and the State is an informal term that refers to the most prominent political leader in the People's Republic of China.
Park Geun-hye (born 2 February 1952) is a former South Korean politician who served as the 11th President of South Korea from 2013 to 2017.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
Peng Liyuan (born 20 November 1962) is a Chinese contemporary folk singer and performing artist.
The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China, formally known as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and known as Central Bureau (中央局) before 1927, is a group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China.
The Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, usually known as the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China.
The Politics of Fujian Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.
The politics of Zhejiang Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (constitutionally synonymous with the "Central People's Government" since 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service.
The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017.
The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.
The primary stage of socialism (sometimes referred to as the preliminary stage of socialism),Properly Understand Theories Concerning Preliminary Stage of Socialism, by Wei Xinghua and Sang Baichuan.
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982) is a member of the British royal family.
The Princelings, also translated as the Party's Crown Princes, are the descendants of prominent and influential senior communist officials in the People's Republic of China.
Pu Zhiqiang (born 17 January 1965) is a Chinese civil rights lawyer who specialises in press freedom, defamation, and product safety, and other issues.
The Publicity Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, or CCPPD, is an internal division of the Communist Party of China in charge of ideology-related work, as well as its information dissemination system.
Punti (literally local(s)) is a Cantonese endonym referring to the native Cantonese people of Guangdong and Guangxi.
Qi Qiaoqiao (born March 1, 1949) is a Chinese businessperson, former civil official, and elder sister to Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
Qi Xin (born November 1926) is a Communist Party of China member who has written various articles on her husband Xi Zhongxun and is mother to Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
Re-education through labor (RTL), abbreviated laojiao was a system of administrative detention in the People's Republic of China.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is a Turkish politician serving as President of Turkey since 2014.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
San José (literally meaning "Saint Joseph") is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica.
Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 American epic war film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat.
The Scientific Outlook on Development, sometimes translated to either the scientific development concept, or as the scientific development perspective, is one of the guiding socio-economic principles of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the central feature of former Party General Secretary Hu Jintao's attempts to create a "harmonious society.".
Sebastian Heilmann (born 1965 in Offenbach am Main, Germany) is a German political scientist and sinologist.
The Central Secretariat of the Communist Party of China is a body serving the Politburo of the Communist Party of China and its Standing Committee.
Self-criticism involves how an individual evaluates oneself.
The are a group of uninhabited islands controlled by Japan in the East China Sea.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
The Shanghai pension scandal was a corruption case in Shanghai, China.
Shanxi (postal: Shansi) is a province of China, located in the North China region.
A shell company is a company that exists only on paper and has no office and no employees, but may have a bank account or may hold passive investments or be the registered owner of assets, such as intellectual property, or ships.
Sina Weibo is a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website.
China–Russia relations, also known as Sino-Russian relations, refers to international relations between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation.
The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics (hp) is a broad term for political theories and polices that are seen by their proponents as representing Marxism–Leninism adapted to Chinese circumstances and specific time periods.
"Charley" Song Lin (born February 3, 1963) is a former Chinese business executive.
The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.
The South China Sea Islands consist of over 250 islands, atolls, cays, shoals, reefs, and sandbars in the South China Sea, none of which have indigenous people, few of which have any natural water supply, many of which are naturally under water at high tide, while others are permanently submerged.
The Spratly Islands (南沙群岛 (Nánshā Qúndǎo), Kepulauan Spratly, Kapuluan ng Kalayaan, Quần đảo Trường Sa) are a disputed group of islands, islets and cays and more than 100 reefs, sometimes grouped in submerged old atolls, in the South China Sea.
The Sri Lankan Civil War was an armed conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka.
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC.
A state visit is a formal visit by a head of state to a foreign country, at the invitation of that country's head of state, with the latter also acting as the official host for the duration of the state visit.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
Su Rong (born October 1948) is a former senior regional official and politician in China.
Sunnylands, the former Annenberg Estate, located in Rancho Mirage, California, is a estate currently run by The Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands, a not-for-profit organization and Annenberg family trust.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (born 9 September 1949) (pronounced) is an Indonesian politician and retired Army general officer who was the President of Indonesia from 2004 to 2014.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Taiwan Strait, or Formosa Strait, is a -wide strait separating the island of Taiwan from mainland China.
The South China Sea disputes involve both island and maritime claims among several sovereign states within the region, namely Brunei, the People's Republic of China (PRC), Republic of China (Taiwan), Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam.
The Departed is a 2006 American crime drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by William Monahan.
The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Ruddy, based on Mario Puzo's best-selling novel of the same name.
The Governance of China is a political book in two volumes written by Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and current head of state of China. The first volume was published in 2014, while the second volume was published in 2017. The work is a collection of several dozen speeches and writings by Xi on a variety of topics, which present an official party line for China's development in the 21st century. In these respects, Governance of China is a literary successor to Mao Zedong's Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Three Represents or the important thought of Three Represents is a guiding socio-political theory credited to Jiang Zemin, which was ratified by the Communist Party of China at the Sixteenth Party Congress in 2002.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
Anthony John Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian politician who served as the 28th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 2013 to 2015.
Tsinghua University (abbreviated THU;; also romanized as Qinghua) is a major research university in Beijing, China and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities.
The U.S.–China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) is a high-level dialogue for the United States and China to discuss a wide range of regional and global strategic and economic issues between both countries.
The United Daily News is a newspaper published in Taiwan in Traditional Chinese.
The United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) is the second-largest of the four major office sites of the United Nations (second to the United Nations Headquarters in New York City).
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States diplomatic cables leak, widely known as Cablegate, began on Sunday, 28 November 2010 when WikiLeaks—a non-profit organization that publishes submissions from anonymous whistleblowers—began releasing classified cables that had been sent to the U.S. State Department by 274 of its consulates, embassies, and diplomatic missions around the world.
The United States Office of Personnel Management (acronym: OPM) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that manages the government's civilian workforce.
The University of California, San Diego is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.
Valletta is the capital city of Malta, colloquially known as "Il-Belt" (lit. "The City") in Maltese.
The office of Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) functions as the deputy to the CMC Chairman.
The Vice-Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier.
The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China (abbreviated Guójiā Fùzhǔxí 国家副主席, literally "State Vice-Chairperson"), formerly translated as Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
Wan Qingliang (Cantonese: Maan Daat Leong, born February 12, 1964) is a former Chinese politician from Guangdong province.
Wang Huning (born October 6, 1955) is Chinese political theorist and one of the top leaders of the Communist Party of China, a current member of the party's Politburo Standing Committee (China's top decision-making body) and secretary of the party's Secretariat.
Wang Qishan (born 1 July 1948) is a Chinese politician, and the current Vice President of the People's Republic of China, who is China's eighth-ranked leader after the first-ranked Vice-Premier Han Zheng and other Politburo Standing Committee members.
Wang Yi (born 8 October 1953) is a Chinese diplomat and politician.
WeChat is a Chinese multi-purpose messaging, social media and mobile payment app developed by Tencent.
Wei Fenghe (born 1954) is a general (shang jiang) in the Chinese People's Liberation Army who served as Commander of the PLA Rocket Force, formerly known as the Second Artillery Corps.
Wei Jianxing (2 January 1931 – 7 August 2015) was a senior leader in the Communist Party of China, most active during the 1980s and 1990s.
The Weiquan movement is a non-centralized group of lawyers, legal experts, and intellectuals in China who seek to protect and defend the civil rights of the citizenry through litigation and legal activism.
Wen Wei Po is a Hong Kong-based Chinese language newspaper, first established in Shanghai in January 1938, with the Hong Kong version launched on 9 September 1948.
Winnie-the-Pooh, also called Pooh Bear, is a fictional anthropomorphic teddy bear created by English author A. A. Milne.
Worker-Peasant-Soldier students (工农兵学员) were Chinese students who enrolled in colleges between 1970 and 1976, during the later part of the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976).
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xi is the Pinyin romanization of several different Chinese family names, including.
Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, simply known as Xi Jinping Thought, is a political theory derived from the Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping.
Xi Mingze (born 27 June 1992), nicknamed Xiao Muzi (小木子), is the only child of Chinese Leader Xi Jinping, and folk singer Peng Liyuan.
Xi Zhongxun (15 October 1913 – 24 May 2002) was a Chinese communist revolutionary and a political leader in the early days of the People's Republic of China.
The Xi–Li Administration of the People's Republic of China began in 2013, when Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang succeeded Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao following the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Xu Caihou (June 1943 – March 15, 2015) was a general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China and Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), the country's top military council.
Xu Qiliang (born March 1950) is an air force general in the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of the People's Republic of China.
Xu Zhiyong (born 1973) is a Chinese civil rights activist and formerly a lecturer at the Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications.
Yanchuan County (Chinese: 延川县; Pinyin: Yánchuān Xiàn) is a county in Yan'an City, Shaanxi Province of China.
Yu Guoxing (Chinese: 俞国行; born December 1944) is a politician of the People's Republic of China and the former chairman of Zhejiang People's Congress.
Yu Zhengsheng (born 5 April 1945) is a retired Chinese politician.
Zeng Qinghong (born 30 July 1939) is a retired Chinese politician.
Zhang Dejiang (born 4 November 1946) is a retired Chinese politician.
Zhang Youxia (born July 1950) is a general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China and current the second-ranked Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Central Military Commission (CMC).
Zhao Hongzhu (born July 1947) is a Chinese politician and a member of the Communist Party of China's national leadership.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zhengding, originally Zhending and formerly romanized as Chengting, is a county of southwestern Hebei Province, China, located approximately south of Beijing.
Zhongnanhai is a former imperial garden in the Imperial City, Beijing, adjacent to the Forbidden City; it serves as the central headquarters for the Communist Party of China and the State Council (Central government) of China.
Zhou Yongkang (born December 1942) is a former senior leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Zhu De ((also Chu Teh; 1 December 1886 – 6 July 1976) was a Chinese general, warlord, politician, revolutionary and one of the pioneers of the Communist Party of China. Born poor in 1886 in Sichuan, he was adopted by a wealthy uncle at age nine; this prosperity provided him a superior early education that led to his admission into a military academy. After his time at the academy, he joined a rebel army and soon became a warlord. It was after this period that he adopted communism. He ascended through the ranks of the Chinese Red Army as it closed in on securing the nation. By the time China was under Mao's control, Zhu was a high-ranking official within the Communist Party of China. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Eighth Route Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1955 he became one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army, of which he is regarded as the principal founder. Zhu remained a prominent political figure until his death in 1976. As the chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1975-76, Zhu was the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
Zhu Rongji (IPA:; born 1 October 1928) is a retired Chinese politician who served as Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai from 1988 to 1991 and as First Vice Premier and then Premier from March 1998 to March 2003.
The 11th National People's Congress met for a 5-year term, from 2008 to 2013.
The 12th National People's Congress was elected from October 2012 to February 2013 and will be in session from 2013 to 2018.
The 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was in session from 1997 to 2002.
The 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was in session from 2002 to 2007.
The 17th Central Committee (17th CC) was elected by the 17th Congress on 21 October 2007, and sat until the 18th National Congress in 2012.
The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of the People from 15 to 21 October 2007.
The 17th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China was elected by the 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on October 22, 2007.
The 18th Central Committee (18th CC) was elected by the 18th National Congress on 15 November 2012, and sat in session until the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2017.
The 18th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China was elected by the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on 15 November 2012.
The 19th Central Committee (19th CC) of the Communist Party of China was elected by the 19th National Congress in 2017, and will sit until the next National Congress is convened in 2022.
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (commonly referred to as Shíjiǔ Dà) was held at the Great Hall of the People, Beijing, between 18 and 24 October 2017.
The 19th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China was elected by the 1st Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on 25 October 2017.
The 2008 Sichuan earthquakeSome early Western reports used the term Chengdu quake; e.g.,,, etc.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.
The 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade was a parade that took place in Red Square in Moscow on 9 May 2015 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945.
Xi Jinping's visit to Pakistan from 20 to 21 April 2015, was the first state visit of Xi Jinping to Pakistan.
The 2015 Xi Jinping United Kingdom visit, from 19 to 23 October 2015, was the first state visit of Xi Jinping to the United Kingdom.
The 2015 state visit of Xi Jinping to the United States, which was from September 22 to 28, 2015, was the state visit of China's paramount leader Xi Jinping to the United States.
The 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China took place on 1 October 2009.
The 6521 Project, sometimes called the "6521 Group," was the moniker given to a nationwide operation initiated by the Communist Party of China in 2009 to ensure “social stability” by cracking down on potential dissidents during anniversaries of political significance.
Chairman of Everything, Emperor Xi, General Secretary Xi Jinping, Hsi Chin-p'ing, Hsi Chin-ping, Hsi Chinp'ing, Hsi Chinping, Jinping Xi, President Xi, Uncle Xi, XJP, Xi Jin Ping, Xi JinPing, Xi jinping, Xi xinping, Xijinping, Xí Jìnpíng, 习近平, 習近平.