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Xiamen

Index Xiamen

Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait. [1]

264 relations: Administrative divisions of China, Amoy dialect, Amsterdam, Aspic, İzmir, Baltimore, Bangkok, Battle of Amoy, Battle of Canton (May 1841), Battle of Guningtou, Bok choy, Brothel, Bullion, Bus rapid transit, Canton System, Capture of Chusan (1841), Cardiff, Cebu, Central business district, China, China Daily, China International Fair for Investment and Trade, Chinese characters, Chinese city wall, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Cubans, Chinese economic reform, Chinese emigration, Chinese pickles, Chinese postal romanization, Christian mission, Chrysanthemum, Cold War, Communist Party of China, Coolie, Deng Xiaoping, District (China), Dushanbe, Dutch Empire, Dutch Formosa, Dutch Reformed Church, East China, East India Company, Empire of Japan, Factory (trading post), Feng shui, Financial services, First Opium War, First Sino-Japanese War, First Taiwan Strait Crisis, ..., Fishing industry in China, Flower, Foreign direct investment, Fujian, Fujian cuisine, Fuzhou, Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, Gaoji Causeway, Geography of Taiwan, George Town, Penang, Great Leap Forward, Gross domestic product, Guadalajara, Guangdong, Guangzhou, Gulangyu, Haicang Bridge, Haicang District, Haijin, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Han Kuo-Huang, Hefei, Henry Sy, Hokkien, Hoklo people, Hong Kong, Hong Kong International Airport, Huaqiao University, Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, Hui people, Huli District, Humid subtropical climate, Indonesia, ISO 3166-2:CN, Ivy Ling Po, Jakarta, Jimei District, Jimei University, Jin dynasty (265–420), Jing Yang, Jiulong River, Joint venture, Kaiyuan Subdistrict, Xiamen, Kaunas, Köppen climate classification, Ketchup, Kingdom of Tungning, Kinmen, Kinmen Airport, Kowtow, Koxinga, Kuala Lumpur, Lai Changxing, Land reclamation, Later Tang, Li River, Lieyu, Lin Qiaozhi, Lingqu, List of airports in China, List of busiest container ports, List of Chinese administrative divisions by area, List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan, List of postal codes in China, List of railway lines in China, List of rivers of China, List of the busiest airports in China, London Missionary Society, Longyan–Xiamen railway, Los Angeles, Macau, Malaysia, Manchu people, Manila, Marathon, Medan, Melbourne, Ming dynasty, Mokpo, Mongols, Monsoon, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanjing Military Region, Nice, Nobel Prize in Physics, Osaka, Overseas Chinese, P-Xylene, Paifang, Penang, People's Liberation Army, Philippines, Phuket Province, Pinyin, Platycladus, Pork, Port of Xiamen, Portuguese Empire, Pound sterling, Project 211, Project 985, Protestant missions in China, Provinces of China, Public security bureau (China), Qin dynasty, Qing dynasty, Quanzhou, Raymond Lam, Renminbi, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China on Taiwan, Riau, Rice, Richmond, British Columbia, Romanization of Chinese, Rosa chinensis, Sarasota, Florida, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Seattle, Second Sino-Japanese War, Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, Seoul, Shanghai, Shen Kuo, Shipbuilding, Shuitou Pier, Siltation, Siming District, Simplified Chinese characters, Singapore, Sipunculus nudus, Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone, Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Song dynasty, South Putuo Temple, Southeast Asia, Southern Min, Southern Ming, Spanish dollar, Special economic zones of China, Sphere of influence, Standard Chinese, Standard Chinese phonology, Stereoscopy, Stored-value card, Straits Forum, Styphnolobium japonicum, Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China, Subprefecture, Sunglasses, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Surabaya, Sweet potato, Sycee, Sydney, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan Strait, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Taiwanese cuisine, Tan Kah Kee, Tea, Tea leaf grading, Telephone numbers in China, Thailand, Time (magazine), Time in China, Tokyo, Tong'an District, Traditional Chinese characters, Transition from Ming to Qing, Treaty of Nanking, Treaty ports, Tree, Trier, Tropic of Cancer, Tungsten, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States dollar, Urbanization in China, Vancouver, Varieties of Chinese, Vehicle registration plates of China, Walter Houser Brattain, Wellington, Wokou, Wutong Ferry Terminal, Xiamen Bay, Xiamen BRT, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport, Xiamen International Bank, Xiamen Island, Xiamen Media Group, Xiamen Metro, Xiamen North railway station, Xiamen Philharmonic Orchestra, Xiamen railway station, Xiamen University, Xiamen University of Technology, XiamenAir, Xiamen–Shenzhen railway, Xiang River, Xiang'an District, Xiaochi, Xinhai Revolution, Yin Chengzong, Yingtan, Yingtan–Xiamen railway, Zhangzhou, Zhangzhou dialect, Zoetermeer, 73rd Group Army. Expand index (214 more) »

Administrative divisions of China

Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.

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Amoy dialect

The Amoy dialect or Xiamen dialect, also known as Amoynese, Amoy Hokkien, Xiamenese or Xiamen Hokkien, is a dialect of Hokkien spoken in the city of Xiamen (historically known as "Amoy") and its surrounding metropolitan area, in the southern part of Fujian province.

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Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Aspic

Aspic is a dish in which ingredients are set into a gelatin made from a meat stock or consommé.

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İzmir

İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.

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Baltimore

Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Battle of Amoy

The Battle of Amoy or Xiamen was fought between British and Qing forces at Xiamen (then known as "Amoy" from the local pronunciation of the name) on Xiamen Island, Fujian, in the Qing Empire on 26August 1841 during the First Opium War.

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Battle of Canton (May 1841)

The Second Battle of Canton was fought between British and Chinese forces in Canton (Guangzhou), Guangdong province, China, in May 1841 during the First Opium War.

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Battle of Guningtou

The Battle of Guningtou or Battle of Kuningtou, also known as the Battle of Kinmen, was a battle fought over Kinmen in the Taiwan Strait during the Chinese Civil War in 1949.

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Bok choy

Bok choy, pak choi or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) is a type of Chinese cabbage.

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Brothel

A brothel or bordello is a place where people engage in sexual activity with prostitutes, who are sometimes referred to as sex workers.

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Bullion

Bullion is gold, silver, or other precious metals in the form of bars or ingots.

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Bus rapid transit

Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.

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Canton System

The Canton System (1757–1842) served as a means for China to control trade with the west within its own country by focusing all trade on the southern port of Canton (now Guangzhou).

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Capture of Chusan (1841)

The second capture of Chusan occurred on 1October 1841 during the First Opium War when British forces captured the city of Tinghai, capital of the Chusan (Zhoushan) islands off the north east Chinese coast.

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Cardiff

Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.

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Cebu

Cebu (Lalawigan sa Sugbu; Lalawigan ng Cebu) is a province of the Philippines located in the region, and consisting of a main island and 167 surrounding islands and islets.

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Central business district

A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China Daily

China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.

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China International Fair for Investment and Trade

The China International Fair for Investment and Trade (CIFIT, simplified chinese:中国国际投资贸易洽谈会, traditional chinese:中國國際投資貿易洽談會), approved by the State Council of the People's Republic of China, takes place on September every year in Xiamen, China.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chinese city wall

Chinese city walls refer to defensive systems used to protect towns and cities in China in pre-modern times.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese Cubans

Chinese Cubans (sino-cubano) are Cubans of full or mixed Chinese ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to Cuba.

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Chinese economic reform

The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.

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Chinese emigration

Waves of Chinese emigration (also known as the Chinese diaspora) have happened throughout history.

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Chinese pickles

Chinese pickles or Chinese preserved vegetables consist of various vegetables or fruits that have been fermented by pickling with salt and brine, or marinated in mixtures based on soy sauce or savory bean pastes.

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Chinese postal romanization

Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.

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Christian mission

A Christian mission is an organized effort to spread Christianity.

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Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Coolie

The word coolie (also spelled koelie, kuli, cooli, cooly and quli); (Hindi: कुली, Tamil: கூலி, Telugu: కూలీ, Chinese: 苦力) meaning a labourer, has a variety of other implications and is sometimes regarded as offensive or a pejorative, depending upon the historical and geographical context.

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Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.

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District (China)

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

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Dushanbe

Dushanbe (Душанбе) is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan.

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Dutch Empire

The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.

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Dutch Formosa

The island of Taiwan, before World War II and until 1970s also commonly known as Formosa, was partly under colonial Dutch rule from 1624 to 1662.

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Dutch Reformed Church

The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.

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East China

East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

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East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Factory (trading post)

"Factory" (from Latin facere, meaning "to do"; feitoria, factorij, factorerie, comptoir) was the common name during the medieval and early modern eras for an entrepôt – which was essentially an early form of free-trade zone or transshipment point.

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Feng shui

Feng shui (pronounced), also known as Chinese geomancy, is a pseudoscience originating from China, which claims to use energy forces to harmonize individuals with their surrounding environment.

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Financial services

Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.

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First Opium War

The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.

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First Taiwan Strait Crisis

The First Taiwan Strait Crisis (also called the 1954–1955 Taiwan Strait Crisis, the Formosa Crisis, the Offshore Islands Crisis or the 1955 Taiwan Strait Crisis) was a brief armed conflict that took place between the governments of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC), which by then had fled and was based in Taiwan.

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Fishing industry in China

China, with one-fifth of the world's population, accounts for one-third of the world's reported fish production and two-thirds of the worlds reported aquaculture production.

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Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Fujian

Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Fujian cuisine

Fujian cuisine or Fujianese cuisine, also known as Min cuisine or Hokkien cuisine, is one of the native Chinese cuisines derived from the native cooking style of China's Fujian Province, most notably from the provincial capital, Fuzhou.

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Fuzhou

Fuzhou, formerly romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.

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Fuzhou–Xiamen railway

The Fuzhou–Xiamen railway (Foochow Romanized: Hók-â Tʰiā-le̤) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in eastern China.

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Gaoji Causeway

Gaoji Causeway is a 2,212-meter-long causeway in Xiamen, Fujian, China.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.

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George Town, Penang

George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island.

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Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Guadalajara

Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.

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Guangdong

Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Gulangyu

The Gulangyu, Gulang Island or Kulangsu is a pedestrian-only island off the coast of Xiamen, Fujian Province in southerneastern China.

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Haicang Bridge

Haicang Bridge is a suspension bridge located in Xiamen, Fujian Province, China.

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Haicang District

Haicang is one of the six county-level districts of Xiamen, People's Republic of China, and one of the four located on the mainland proper, as opposed to on Xiamen Island.

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Haijin

The Haijin or sea ban was a series of related isolationist Chinese policies restricting private maritime trading and coastal settlement during most of the Ming dynasty and some of the Qing.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Han Kuo-Huang

Han Kuo-Huang is a Chinese-born American ethnomusicologist and musician.

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Hefei

Hefei is the capital and largest city of Anhui Province in China.

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Henry Sy

Henry T. Sy Sr.

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Hokkien

Hokkien (from) or (閩南語/閩南話), is a Southern Min Chinese dialect group originating from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of Fujian Province in Southeastern China and Taiwan, and spoken widely there and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.

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Hoklo people

The Hoklo people are Han Chinese people whose traditional ancestral homes are in Fujian, South China.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hong Kong International Airport

Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong.

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Huaqiao University

Huaqiao University is a national university located in Xiamen and Quanzhou, Fujian province, China.

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Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough

Field Marshal Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, (3 November 1779 – 2 March 1869) was a British Army officer.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Huli District

() is one of the administrative districts of the city of Xiamen, People's Republic of China.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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ISO 3166-2:CN

ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Ivy Ling Po

Huang Yu-chun (born 16 November 1939 in Shantou, Republic of China), known by her final stage name Ivy Ling Po, is a retired Hong Kong actress and Chinese opera singer.

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Jakarta

Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

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Jimei District

() is one of six districts of Xiamen, People's Republic of China.

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Jimei University

Jimei University (JMU) (集美大学, Pinyin: Jíměi Dàxué, POJ: Chi̍p-bí Tōa-o̍h), colloquially known as "Jídà" (集大), is a public university in Xiamen, Fujian, People's Republic of China.It offers doctorate degree programs.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.

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Jing Yang

Jing Yang (born 1983 in Gulangyu Island, Xiamen, Fujian) is a Chinese violist, violinist, and five-string violinist.

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Jiulong River

The Jiulong River, formerly known as the Longjiang, is the largest river in southern Fujian and the second largest in the province.

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Joint venture

A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.

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Kaiyuan Subdistrict, Xiamen

Kaiyuan Subdistrict is a subdistrict of Siming District, Xiamen, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China.

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Kaunas

Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Ketchup

Ketchup (also catsup) is a condiment.

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Kingdom of Tungning

The Kingdom of Tungning or Kingdom of Formosa was a government that ruled part of southwestern Formosa (Taiwan) between 1661 and 1683.

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Kinmen

Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.

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Kinmen Airport

Kinmen Airport or Shang Yi Airport is a civilian airport serving Kinmen, Fujian Province, Taiwan (ROC).

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Kowtow

Kowtow, which is borrowed from kau tau in Cantonese (koutou in Mandarin Chinese), is the act of deep respect shown by prostration, that is, kneeling and bowing so low as to have one's head touching the ground.

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Koxinga

Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West by his Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.

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Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.

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Lai Changxing

Lai Changxing (born September 15, 1958) is a former Chinese businessman and entrepreneur.

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Land reclamation

Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.

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Later Tang

Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 937 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.

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Li River

The Li River or Li Jiang is a river in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

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Lieyu

Lieyu Township is a rural township in Kinmen, Fujian Province, Taiwan.

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Lin Qiaozhi

Lin Qiaozhi or Kha-Ti Lim (Dec. 23, 1901 – Apr. 22, 1983) was a Chinese obstetrician and gynecologist.

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Lingqu

The Lingqu is a canal in Xing'an County, near Guilin, in the northwestern corner of Guangxi, China.

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List of airports in China

This is a list of public airports in the People's Republic of China grouped by provincial level division and sorted by main city served.

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List of busiest container ports

This is a list of the world's busiest container ports (ports with container terminals that specialize in handling goods transported in shipping containers) by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.

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List of Chinese administrative divisions by area

This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces (except the claimed Taiwan Province), autonomous regions, special administrative regions, and municipalities, in order of their total land area as reported by the national or provincial-level government.

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List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan

Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).

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List of postal codes in China

Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.

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List of railway lines in China

The following is a list of rail transport in China.

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List of rivers of China

This incomplete list of rivers that flow through China is organized according to the body of water into which each river empties, beginning with the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast, moving clockwise on a map and ending with the Arctic Ocean.

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List of the busiest airports in China

China's busiest airports are a series of lists ranking the one hundred busiest airports in China according to the number of total passengers, including statistics for total aircraft movements and total cargo movements, following the official register yearly since 2000.

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London Missionary Society

The London Missionary Society was a missionary society formed in England in 1795 by evangelical Anglicans and various nonconformists.

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Longyan–Xiamen railway

The Longyan–Xiamen railway is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in Fujian Province, China.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Macau

Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Manchu people

The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Manila

Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.

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Marathon

The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.

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Medan

Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.

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Melbourne

Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Mokpo

Mokpo (Mokpo-si) is a city in South Jeolla Province, South Korea, located at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula, close to Yudal mountain.

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Mongols

The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Nanchang

Nanchang is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China.

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Nanjing

Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Nanjing Military Region

The Nanjing Military Region was one of the former seven military command regions for the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

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Nice

Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Osaka

() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Overseas Chinese

No description.

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P-Xylene

p-Xylene (''para''-xylene) is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

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Paifang

A Paifang, also known as a pailou, is a traditional style of Chinese architectural arch or gateway structure that is related to the Indian Torana from which it is derived.

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Penang

Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.

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People's Liberation Army

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Phuket Province

Phuket (ภูเก็ต,, Talang or Tanjung Salang) is one of the southern provinces (''changwat'') of Thailand.

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Pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.

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Platycladus

Platycladus is a distinct genus of evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, containing only one species, Platycladus orientalis, also known as Chinese thuja, Oriental arborvitae, Chinese arborvitae, biota or oriental thuja.

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Pork

Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).

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Port of Xiamen

The Port of Xiamen is an important deep water port located on Xiamen Island, the adjacent mainland coast, and along the estuary of the Jiulongjiang River in southern Fujian, China.

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Portuguese Empire

The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.

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Pound sterling

The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.

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Project 211

Project 211 is a project of National Key Universities and colleges initiated in 1995 by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, with the intent of raising the research standards of high-level universities and cultivating strategies for socio-economic development.

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Project 985

Project 985 is a project that was first announced by CPC General secretary and Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998, to promote the development and reputation of the Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century.

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Protestant missions in China

In the early 19th century, Western colonial expansion occurred at the same time as an evangelical revival – the Second Great Awakening – throughout the English-speaking world, leading to more overseas missionary activity.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Public security bureau (China)

A public security bureau (PSB) in China refers to a government office essentially acting as a police station or a local or provincial police; the smallest police stations are called police posts.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Quanzhou

Quanzhou, formerly known as Chinchew, is a prefecture-level city beside the Taiwan Strait in Fujian Province, China.

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Raymond Lam

Raymond Lam (born 8 December 1979) is a Hong Kong actor and singer.

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Renminbi

The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Republic of China on Taiwan

Republic of China on Taiwan is a political term as well as discourse regarding the present status of the Republic of China.

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Riau

Riau (Jawi), is a province of Indonesia.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Richmond, British Columbia

Richmond is a coastal city located in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Romanization of Chinese

The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.

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Rosa chinensis

Rosa chinensis (pinyin), known commonly as the China rose or Chinese rose, is a member of the genus Rosa native to Southwest China in Guizhou, Hubei, and Sichuan Provinces.

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Sarasota, Florida

Sarasota is a city in Sarasota County on the southwestern coast of the U.S. state of Florida.

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Sasebo, Nagasaki

is a core city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

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Seattle

Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, also called the 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was a conflict that took place between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) in which the PRC shelled the islands of Kinmen and the nearby Matsu Islands along the east coast of the PRC (in the Taiwan Strait) to "liberate" Taiwan from the Chinese Nationalist Party, also called Kuomintang (KMT), and probe the extent of the United States defense of Taiwan's territory.

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Seoul

Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.

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Shanghai

Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo (1031–1095), courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁),Yao (2003), 544.

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Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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Shuitou Pier

The Shuitou Pier is a pier in Jincheng Township, Kinmen County, Fujian Province, Republic of China.

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Siltation

Siltation or siltification is the pollution of water by particulate terrestrial clastic material, with a particle size dominated by silt or clay.

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Siming District

Siming District is an urban district of Xiamen in southeastern Fujian, China.

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sipunculus nudus

Sipunculus nudus is a species of unsegmented marine worms, also known as peanut worms.

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Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone

Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, GCB (1 December 1781 – 13 November 1866), was a Royal Navy officer.

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Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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South Putuo Temple

South Putuo or Nanputuo is a famous Buddhist temple founded in the Tang Dynasty in the Chinese city of Xiamen.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Southern Min

Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Taiwan and in certain parts of China including Fujian (especially the Minnan region), eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang.

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Southern Ming

The Southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644.

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Spanish dollar

The Spanish dollar, also known as the piece of eight (peso de ocho or real de a ocho), is a silver coin, of approximately 38 mm diameter, worth eight Spanish reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after 1598.

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Special economic zones of China

Special economic zones of China (SEZs) are special economic zones located in mainland China.

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Sphere of influence

In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Standard Chinese phonology

This article summarizes the phonology (the sound system, or in more general terms, the pronunciation) of Standard Chinese (Standard Mandarin).

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Stereoscopy

Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.

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Stored-value card

A stored-value card is a payments card with a monetary value stored on the card itself, not in an external account maintained by a financial institution.

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Straits Forum

The Straits Forum is an annual forum between Mainland China and Taiwan which started in 2009.

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Styphnolobium japonicum

Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott, the Japanese pagoda tree (Chinese scholar tree, pagoda tree; syn. Sophora japonica) is a species of tree in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae.

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Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China

A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

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Subprefecture

Subprefecture is an administrative division of a country that is below prefecture or province.

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Sunglasses

Sunglasses or sun glasses (informally called shades) are a form of protective eyewear designed primarily to prevent bright sunlight and high-energy visible light from damaging or discomforting the eyes.

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Sunshine Coast, Queensland

Sunshine Coast is a peri-urban area and the third most populated area in the Australian state of Queensland.

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Surabaya

Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.

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Sweet potato

The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.

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Sycee

A sycee (.. from Cantonese 細絲, sai-sì,. "fine silk").

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Sydney

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Taiwan Strait

The Taiwan Strait, or Formosa Strait, is a -wide strait separating the island of Taiwan from mainland China.

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Taiwan under Japanese rule

Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

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Taiwanese cuisine

Taiwanese cuisine has several variations.

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Tan Kah Kee

Tan Kah Kee (21 October 1874 – 12 August 1961), also known as Chen Jiageng, was a Chinese businessman, community leader and philanthropist active in Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, and various Chinese cities such as Shanghai, Xiamen, and Guangzhou.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Tea leaf grading

In the tea industry, tea leaf grading is the process of evaluating products based on the quality and condition of the tea leaves themselves.

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Telephone numbers in China

Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Time in China

The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.

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Tokyo

, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Tong'an District

Tong'an District is a northern mainland district of Xiamen which faces Kinmen.

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Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.

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Transition from Ming to Qing

The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition, also known as the Manchu conquest of China, was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty, established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty).

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Treaty of Nanking

The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.

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Treaty ports

The treaty ports was the name given to the port cities in China and Japan that were opened to foreign trade by the unequal treaties with the Western powers.

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Tree

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Trier

Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.

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Tropic of Cancer

The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern Tropic, is the most northerly circle of latitude on Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.

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Tungsten

Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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Urbanization in China

Urbanization in China increased in speed following the initiation of the reform and opening policy.

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Vancouver

Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

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Varieties of Chinese

Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.

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Vehicle registration plates of China

Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.

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Walter Houser Brattain

Walter Houser Brattain (February 10, 1902 – October 13, 1987) was an American physicist at Bell Labs who, along with fellow scientists John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the point-contact transistor in December 1947.

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Wellington

Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.

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Wokou

Wokou (Japanese: Wakō; Korean: 왜구 Waegu), which literally translates to "Japanese pirates" or "dwarf pirates", were pirates who raided the coastlines of China, Japan and Korea.

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Wutong Ferry Terminal

Wutong Ferry Terminal or Wutong Port is located on the North East coastline of Amoy island in the city of Xiamen, Fujian, China.

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Xiamen Bay

Xiamen Bay, formerly known as Amoy Bay, is a partially enclosed bay off the coast of Xiamen in China's Fujian Province.

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Xiamen BRT

Xiamen's Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) was formally put into operation on August 31, 2008 in the Chinese city of Xiamen(Amoy) and is considered China's first elevated BRT network.

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Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport

Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport is the airport serving the city of Xiamen in Fujian Province, China.

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Xiamen International Bank

Xiamen International Bank (XIB) was established in August 1985 as the first joint venture bank in China with capital of RMB 410.069 billion.

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Xiamen Island

Xiamen Island, formerly known as Amoy Island from its Hokkien pronunciation, is an island in southeastern Fujian, China, on the Taiwan Strait.

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Xiamen Media Group

Xiamen Media Group (XMG), is a television and radio broadcasting network in Xiamen, China owned by local government.

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Xiamen Metro

Xiamen Metro officially branded as AMTR (Across Mass Transit Railway), is a rapid transit system serving Xiamen, Fujian, China.

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Xiamen North railway station

Xiamen North railway station is a railway station located in Houxi Town, Jimei District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, China, on the Fuxia Railway which operated by Nanchang Railway Bureau, China Railway Corporation.

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Xiamen Philharmonic Orchestra

The Xiamen Philharmonic Orchestra (XPO)) is based in Xiamen, Fujian Province, the People's Republic of China.

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Xiamen railway station

Xiamen railway station() is a railway station located in Xiamen, Fujian, China, on the Yingxia Railway which operated by Nanchang Railway Bureau, China Railway Corporation.

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Xiamen University

Xiamen University, colloquially known as Xia Da is a comprehensive university in Xiamen, Fujian province, with strengths in economics and management, fine art, law, chemistry, journalism, communication and mathematics.

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Xiamen University of Technology

Xiamen University of Technology (XMUT) is a provincial public university located in Xiamen, Fujian province, China.

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XiamenAir

XiamenAir (formerly Xiamen Airlines) is a Chinese passenger airline based in Xiamen, Fujian Province.

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Xiamen–Shenzhen railway

The Xiamen–Shenzhen railway is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line on the southern coast of China.

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Xiang River

The Xiang River is the chief river of the Lake Dongting drainage system of the middle Yangtze, the largest river in Hunan Province, China.

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Xiang'an District

() is one of the districts of Xiamen, People's Republic of China.

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Xiaochi

Xiaochi are an important category of Chinese and Taiwanese street food, commonly found in ethnically Chinese areas in China, Taiwan, and around the world.

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Xinhai Revolution

The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).

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Yin Chengzong

Yin Chengzong (born 1941 in Gulangyu Island, Xiamen, Fujian) is a Chinese pianist and composer.

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Yingtan

Yingtan is a prefecture-level city in the east of Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Fujian to the southeast.

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Yingtan–Xiamen railway

Yingtan–Xiamen railway or Yingxia railway, is a railroad in eastern China between Yingtan in Jiangxi Province and Xiamen in Fujian Province.

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Zhangzhou

Zhangzhou, formerly romanized as Changchow, is a prefecture-level city in Fujian Province, China.

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Zhangzhou dialect

The Zhangzhou dialect, also known as Changchew dialect or Changchow dialect, is a dialect of Hokkien spoken in southern Fujian province (in southeast China), centered on the city of Zhangzhou.

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Zoetermeer

Zoetermeer is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

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73rd Group Army

The 73rd Group Army, formerly 31st group army, (Military Unit Cover Designator 73111) was a military formation of China's People's Liberation Army and one of three active group armies belonging to the Nanjing Military Region.

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Redirects here:

Amoy, Amoy, China, Emng, Emoey, Geography of Xiamen, Hiamen, History of Xiamen, Hsia-men, Hsiamen, Hsiamen-Amoy, Siamen, Xia Men, XiaMen, Xiamen Municipality, Xiamen, China, Xiamen, Fujian, Xiàmén, 厦门, 厦门市, 廈門, 廈門市.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiamen

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