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Xylan

Index Xylan

Xylan (CAS number: 9014-63-5) is a group of hemicelluloses that are found in plant cell walls and some algae. [1]

22 relations: Acetyl group, Algae, Antinutrient, Aquatic plant, Arabinose, Bryopsis, CAS Registry Number, Cell wall, Cellulose, Codium, Green algae, Hardwood, Hemicellulose, Pentose, Plant, Polysaccharide, Prebiotic (nutrition), Red algae, Softwood, Sugar, Xylooligosaccharide, Xylose.

Acetyl group

In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.

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Algae

Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.

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Antinutrient

Antinutrients are natural or synthetic compounds that interfere with the absorption of nutrients.

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Aquatic plant

Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).

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Arabinose

Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.

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Bryopsis

Bryopsis is a genus of marine green algae in the family Bryopsidaceae.

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CAS Registry Number

A CAS Registry Number, also referred to as CASRN or CAS Number, is a unique numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) to every chemical substance described in the open scientific literature (currently including all substances described from 1957 through the present, plus some substances from the early or mid 1900s), including organic and inorganic compounds, minerals, isotopes, alloys and nonstructurable materials (UVCBs, of unknown, variable composition, or biological origin).

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Cell wall

A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Codium

Codium is a genus of seaweed in the Chlorophyta of the order Bryopsidales.

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Green algae

The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.

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Hardwood

Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.

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Hemicellulose

A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.

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Pentose

A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.

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Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Polysaccharide

Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.

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Prebiotic (nutrition)

Prebiotics are food ingredients that induce the growth or activity of beneficial microorganisms (e.g., bacteria and fungi).

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Red algae

The red algae, or Rhodophyta, are one of the oldest groups of eukaryotic algae.

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Softwood

Scots Pine, a typical and well-known softwood Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as conifers.

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Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Xylooligosaccharide

Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) are polymers of the sugar xylose.

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Xylose

Xylose (cf. ξύλον, xylon, "wood") is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylan

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