Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Xylose

Index Xylose

Xylose (cf. ξύλον, xylon, "wood") is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it. [1]

49 relations: Aldehyde, Arabinose, Biomass, Blood, Carbon, Chemical formula, Chondroitin sulfate, D-xylose absorption test, Dextrorotation and levorotation, Embryo, Endogeny (biology), Enzyme, Fasting, Functional group, Furfural, Hemiacetal, Hemicellulose, Heparan sulfate, Hydrogen production, Hydrogenation, Life, Lyxose, Malabsorption, Monosaccharide, O-linked glycosylation, Open-chain compound, Organic redox reaction, Organic synthesis, Pentose, Polyphosphate, Polysaccharide, Protein xylosyltransferase, Proteoglycan, Reducing sugar, Ribose, Saccharophagus degradans, Serine, Sucrose, Sugar substitute, Threonine, Urine, Xylan, Xylitol, Xylonic acid, Xylose metabolism, XYLT1, XYLT2, Xylulokinase, Xylulose.

Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

New!!: Xylose and Aldehyde · See more »

Arabinose

Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.

New!!: Xylose and Arabinose · See more »

Biomass

Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.

New!!: Xylose and Biomass · See more »

Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

New!!: Xylose and Blood · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Xylose and Carbon · See more »

Chemical formula

A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.

New!!: Xylose and Chemical formula · See more »

Chondroitin sulfate

Chondroitin sulfate is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) composed of a chain of alternating sugars (N-acetylgalactosamine and glucuronic acid).

New!!: Xylose and Chondroitin sulfate · See more »

D-xylose absorption test

D-xylose absorption test is a medical test performed to diagnose conditions that present with malabsorption of the proximal small intestine due to defects in the integrity of the gastrointestinal mucosa.

New!!: Xylose and D-xylose absorption test · See more »

Dextrorotation and levorotation

Dextrorotation and levorotation (also spelled as laevorotation)The first word component dextro- comes from Latin word for dexter "right (as opposed to left)".

New!!: Xylose and Dextrorotation and levorotation · See more »

Embryo

An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.

New!!: Xylose and Embryo · See more »

Endogeny (biology)

Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.

New!!: Xylose and Endogeny (biology) · See more »

Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Xylose and Enzyme · See more »

Fasting

Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.

New!!: Xylose and Fasting · See more »

Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

New!!: Xylose and Functional group · See more »

Furfural

Furfural is an organic compound produced from a variety of agricultural byproducts, including corncobs, oat, wheat bran, and sawdust.

New!!: Xylose and Furfural · See more »

Hemiacetal

A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.

New!!: Xylose and Hemiacetal · See more »

Hemicellulose

A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.

New!!: Xylose and Hemicellulose · See more »

Heparan sulfate

Heparan sulfate (HS) is a linear polysaccharide found in all animal tissues.

New!!: Xylose and Heparan sulfate · See more »

Hydrogen production

Hydrogen production is the family of industrial methods for generating hydrogen.

New!!: Xylose and Hydrogen production · See more »

Hydrogenation

Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.

New!!: Xylose and Hydrogenation · See more »

Life

Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.

New!!: Xylose and Life · See more »

Lyxose

Lyxose is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group.

New!!: Xylose and Lyxose · See more »

Malabsorption

Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

New!!: Xylose and Malabsorption · See more »

Monosaccharide

Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

New!!: Xylose and Monosaccharide · See more »

O-linked glycosylation

In the field of biochemistry, O-linked glycosylation is the attachment of a sugar molecule to an oxygen atom in an amino acid residue in a protein.

New!!: Xylose and O-linked glycosylation · See more »

Open-chain compound

In chemistry, an open-chain compound (also spelled as open chain compound) or acyclic compound (Greek prefix "α", without and "κύκλος", cycle) is a compound with a linear structure, rather than a cyclic one.

New!!: Xylose and Open-chain compound · See more »

Organic redox reaction

Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.

New!!: Xylose and Organic redox reaction · See more »

Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

New!!: Xylose and Organic synthesis · See more »

Pentose

A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.

New!!: Xylose and Pentose · See more »

Polyphosphate

Polyphosphates are salts or esters of polymeric oxyanions formed from tetrahedral PO4 (phosphate) structural units linked together by sharing oxygen atoms.

New!!: Xylose and Polyphosphate · See more »

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.

New!!: Xylose and Polysaccharide · See more »

Protein xylosyltransferase

In enzymology, a protein xylosyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction in which a beta-D-xylosyl residue is transferred from UDP-D-xylose to the sidechain oxygen atom of a serine residue in a protein.

New!!: Xylose and Protein xylosyltransferase · See more »

Proteoglycan

Proteoglycans are proteins that are heavily glycosylated.

New!!: Xylose and Proteoglycan · See more »

Reducing sugar

A reducing sugar is any sugar that is capable of acting as a reducing agent because it has a free aldehyde group or a free ketone group.

New!!: Xylose and Reducing sugar · See more »

Ribose

Ribose is a carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; specifically, it is a pentose monosaccharide (simple sugar) with linear form H−(C.

New!!: Xylose and Ribose · See more »

Saccharophagus degradans

Saccharophagus degradans (formerly Microbulbifer degradans) is a gram-negative, marine bacterium shown to degrade a number of complex polysaccharides as energy source.

New!!: Xylose and Saccharophagus degradans · See more »

Serine

Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Xylose and Serine · See more »

Sucrose

Sucrose is common table sugar.

New!!: Xylose and Sucrose · See more »

Sugar substitute

A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.

New!!: Xylose and Sugar substitute · See more »

Threonine

Threonine (symbol Thr or T) is an amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Xylose and Threonine · See more »

Urine

Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.

New!!: Xylose and Urine · See more »

Xylan

Xylan (CAS number: 9014-63-5) is a group of hemicelluloses that are found in plant cell walls and some algae.

New!!: Xylose and Xylan · See more »

Xylitol

Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.

New!!: Xylose and Xylitol · See more »

Xylonic acid

Xylonic acid is a sugar acid that can be obtained by the complete oxidation of xylose (a primary alcohol).

New!!: Xylose and Xylonic acid · See more »

Xylose metabolism

D-Xylose is a five-carbon aldose (pentose, monosaccharide) that can be catabolized or metabolized into useful products by a variety of organisms.

New!!: Xylose and Xylose metabolism · See more »

XYLT1

Xylosyltransferase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the XYLT1 gene.

New!!: Xylose and XYLT1 · See more »

XYLT2

Xylosyltransferase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the XYLT2 gene.

New!!: Xylose and XYLT2 · See more »

Xylulokinase

In enzymology, a xylulokinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and D-xylulose, whereas its two products are ADP and D-xylulose 5-phosphate.

New!!: Xylose and Xylulokinase · See more »

Xylulose

Xylulose is a ketopentose, a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including a ketone functional group.

New!!: Xylose and Xylulose · See more »

Redirects here:

D-xylose, L-xylose, Xylo-Pfan, Xylopyranoside, Xylosyl.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylose

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »