Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Yellow fever

Index Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration. [1]

235 relations: Acute (medicine), Adaptive immune system, Advances in Parasitology, Aedes, Aedes aegypti, Aedes africanus, Aedes albopictus, Africa, Anopheles, Anorexia (symptom), Antigen, Antiviral drug, Arbovirus, Aristides Agramonte, Asia, Aspirin, Atlantic slave trade, Baltimore, Barbados, Barcelona, Benjamin Rush, Biological agent, Biopsy, Bleeding, Blood plasma, Blood test, Bolivia, Brazil, Brown howler, Cadwallader Colden, Capsid, Carlos Finlay, Carnival, Cartagena, Chile, Case fatality rate, Catalysis, Charles Leclerc, Charleston, South Carolina, Chikungunya, Chills, Circulatory system, Climate change, Cloutierville, Louisiana, Colombia, Columbian Exchange, Copepod, Councilman body, Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Cuba, Cyclone, ..., Cytokine, Cytokine release syndrome, Cytoplasm, Cytosol, DEET, Dendritic cell, Dengue fever, Dengue virus, Diagnosis, Differential diagnosis, Earthquake, Ebola virus, ELISA, Encephalitis, Endemic (epidemiology), Endoplasmic reticulum, Endosome, Eosinophil, Epithelium, Epizootic, Ernest William Goodpasture, Ezekiel Stone Wiggins, Fever, Flaviviridae, Flavivirus, Furin, Gastrointestinal tract, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, Gene, Genome, Genotype, Genus, George Washington, Gibraltar, Golgi apparatus, Guinea pig, Haemagogus, Haiti, Haitian Revolution, Hampton Roads, Havana, Headache, Hematemesis, Hepatitis, Hepatitis C, Hepatocyte, History of slavery, History of sugar, Host (biology), Human, Icaridin, Immunity (medical), Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin M, Indigenous peoples, Infection, Infectious disease (medical specialty), Inflammation, Influenza, Informed consent, Interferon, International Health Division, IR3535, Irwin Sherman, Jacksonville, Florida, Jamaica, James Carroll (scientist), Jaundice, Jesse William Lazear, John Mitchell (geographer), Josiah C. Nott, Jungle, Junin virus, Kidney failure, Kupffer cell, Larvicide, Lassa virus, Lethal ovitrap, List of epidemics, Liver, Liver failure, Lymph node, Macrophage, Malaria, Marburg virus, Mars, Martian canal, Max Theiler, Maya peoples, Memphis, Tennessee, Meningoencephalitis, Mesocyclops, Micrograph, Minas Gerais, Mississippi embayment, Monocyte, Mosquito, Mosquito net, Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, Myalgia, Nanometre, Nausea, Necrosis, New Orleans, Nigeria, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Norfolk, Virginia, Nucleotide, Open reading frame, Oswaldo Cruz, Outbreak, P-Menthane-3,8-diol, Panama Canal, Paracetamol, Paraguay, Permethrin, Peru, PH, Philadelphia, Phylogenetics, Polymerase chain reaction, Portsmouth, Virginia, Primate, Protease, Protein dimer, Protein trimer, Proteolysis, Pyriproxyfen, Receptor (biochemistry), Recife, Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Ribavirin, RNA, RNA virus, Rockefeller Foundation, Rockefeller University, Sabethes, Saint-Domingue, Salivary gland, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santo Domingo, Savanna, Savannah, Georgia, Sense (molecular biology), Sentinel species, Shock (circulatory), Shreveport, Louisiana, South Africa, South America, Spanish–American War, Spleen, St. Matthew's German Evangelical Lutheran Church, Steatosis, Subtropics, Sylvatic cycle, Therapy, Titer, Tobago, Togo, Transmission electron microscopy, Transovarial transmission, Transstadial transmission, Trinidad, Tropics, University of Virginia, Vaccination, Vaccine, Vector (epidemiology), Venezuela, Vero cell, Vesicle (biology and chemistry), Vietnam, Viral envelope, Viral hemorrhagic fever, Virginia, Virus, Walter Reed, William C. Gorgas, Wolbachia, World Health Organization, Yellow fever vaccine, Yucatán Peninsula, Zika fever, 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic, 2016 Angola and DR Congo yellow fever outbreak. Expand index (185 more) »

Acute (medicine)

In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.

New!!: Yellow fever and Acute (medicine) · See more »

Adaptive immune system

The adaptive immune system, also known as the acquired immune system or, more rarely, as the specific immune system, is a subsystem of the overall immune system that is composed of highly specialized, systemic cells and processes that eliminate pathogens or prevent their growth.

New!!: Yellow fever and Adaptive immune system · See more »

Advances in Parasitology

Advances in Parasitology is an annual book series of reviews addressing topics in parasitology, for both human and veterinary medicine.

New!!: Yellow fever and Advances in Parasitology · See more »


Aedes is a genus of mosquitoes originally found in tropical and subtropical zones, but now found on all continents except Antarctica.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aedes · See more »

Aedes aegypti

Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is a mosquito that can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever viruses, and other disease agents.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aedes aegypti · See more »

Aedes africanus

Aedes africanus is a species of mosquito that is found on the continent of Africa with the exclusion of Madagascar.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aedes africanus · See more »

Aedes albopictus

Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta), from the mosquito (Culicidae) family, also known as (Asian) tiger mosquito or forest mosquito, is a mosquito native to the tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia; however, in the past few decades, this species has spread to many countries through the transport of goods and international travel.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aedes albopictus · See more »


Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

New!!: Yellow fever and Africa · See more »


Anopheles (Greek anofelís: "useless") is a genus of mosquito first described and named by J. W. Meigen in 1818.

New!!: Yellow fever and Anopheles · See more »

Anorexia (symptom)

Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.

New!!: Yellow fever and Anorexia (symptom) · See more »


In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.

New!!: Yellow fever and Antigen · See more »

Antiviral drug

Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections rather than bacterial ones.

New!!: Yellow fever and Antiviral drug · See more »


Arbovirus is an informal name used to refer to any viruses that are transmitted by arthropod vectors.

New!!: Yellow fever and Arbovirus · See more »

Aristides Agramonte

No description.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aristides Agramonte · See more »


Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

New!!: Yellow fever and Asia · See more »


Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.

New!!: Yellow fever and Aspirin · See more »

Atlantic slave trade

The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.

New!!: Yellow fever and Atlantic slave trade · See more »


Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Baltimore · See more »


Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Barbados · See more »


Barcelona is a city in Spain.

New!!: Yellow fever and Barcelona · See more »

Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush (– April 19, 1813) was a Founding Father of the United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Benjamin Rush · See more »

Biological agent

A biological agent—also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon—is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (BW).

New!!: Yellow fever and Biological agent · See more »


A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.

New!!: Yellow fever and Biopsy · See more »


Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.

New!!: Yellow fever and Bleeding · See more »

Blood plasma

Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.

New!!: Yellow fever and Blood plasma · See more »

Blood test

A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.

New!!: Yellow fever and Blood test · See more »


Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Bolivia · See more »


Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Brazil · See more »

Brown howler

The brown howler (Alouatta guariba), also known as brown howler monkey, is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey that lives in forests in southeastern Brazil and far northeastern Argentina (Misiones).

New!!: Yellow fever and Brown howler · See more »

Cadwallader Colden

Cadwallader Colden (7 February 1688 – 28 September 1776) was a physician, natural scientist, a lieutenant governor and acting Governor for the Province of New York.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cadwallader Colden · See more »


A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Capsid · See more »

Carlos Finlay

Carlos Juan Finlay (December 3, 1833 – August 20, 1915) was a Cuban epidemiologist recognized as a pioneer in the research of yellow fever, determining that it was transmitted through mosquitoes Aedes aegypti.

New!!: Yellow fever and Carlos Finlay · See more »


Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.

New!!: Yellow fever and Carnival · See more »

Cartagena, Chile

Cartagena is a Chilean commune located in the San Antonio Province, Valparaíso Region.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cartagena, Chile · See more »

Case fatality rate

In epidemiology, a case fatality rate (CFR)—or case fatality risk, case fatality ratio or just fatality rate—is the proportion of deaths within a designated population of "cases" (people with a medical condition) over the course of the disease.

New!!: Yellow fever and Case fatality rate · See more »


Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

New!!: Yellow fever and Catalysis · See more »

Charles Leclerc

Charles Victoire Emmanuel Leclerc (17 March 1772 – 2 November 1802) was a French Army general who served under Napoleon Bonaparte during the French Revolution.

New!!: Yellow fever and Charles Leclerc · See more »

Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

New!!: Yellow fever and Charleston, South Carolina · See more »


Chikungunya is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV).

New!!: Yellow fever and Chikungunya · See more »


Chills is a feeling of coldness occurring during a high fever, but sometimes is also a common symptom which occurs alone in specific people.

New!!: Yellow fever and Chills · See more »

Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

New!!: Yellow fever and Circulatory system · See more »

Climate change

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).

New!!: Yellow fever and Climate change · See more »

Cloutierville, Louisiana

Cloutierville is an unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cloutierville, Louisiana · See more »


Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Colombia · See more »

Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.

New!!: Yellow fever and Columbian Exchange · See more »


Copepods (meaning "oar-feet") are a group of small crustaceans found in the sea and nearly every freshwater habitat.

New!!: Yellow fever and Copepod · See more »

Councilman body

In pathology, a Councilman body, also known as Councilman hyaline body or apoptotic body, is an acidophilic (eosinophilic / pink-staining on H&E) globule of cells that represents a dying hepatocyte often surrounded by normal parenchyma.

New!!: Yellow fever and Councilman body · See more »

Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal that publishes comprehensive review articles in clinical laboratory sciences, including clinical biochemistry, clinical hematology, clinical microbiology, pathology, transfusion medicine, genetics, and immunology.

New!!: Yellow fever and Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences · See more »


Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cuba · See more »


In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cyclone · See more »


Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cytokine · See more »

Cytokine release syndrome

Cytokine release syndrome is a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome that arises as a complication of some diseases or infections, and is also an adverse effect of some monoclonal antibody drugs, as well as adoptive T-cell therapies.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cytokine release syndrome · See more »


In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cytoplasm · See more »


The cytosol, also known as intracellular fluid (ICF) or cytoplasmic matrix, is the liquid found inside cells.

New!!: Yellow fever and Cytosol · See more »


N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide, also called DEET or diethyltoluamide, is the most common active ingredient in insect repellents.

New!!: Yellow fever and DEET · See more »

Dendritic cell

Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells (also known as accessory cells) of the mammalian immune system.

New!!: Yellow fever and Dendritic cell · See more »

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Dengue fever · See more »

Dengue virus

Dengue virus (DENV) is the cause of dengue fever.

New!!: Yellow fever and Dengue virus · See more »


Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.

New!!: Yellow fever and Diagnosis · See more »

Differential diagnosis

In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.

New!!: Yellow fever and Differential diagnosis · See more »


An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.

New!!: Yellow fever and Earthquake · See more »

Ebola virus

Ebola virus (EBOV, formerly designated Zaire ebolavirus) is one of five known viruses within the genus Ebolavirus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Ebola virus · See more »


The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a test that uses antibodies and color change to identify a substance.

New!!: Yellow fever and ELISA · See more »


Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.

New!!: Yellow fever and Encephalitis · See more »

Endemic (epidemiology)

In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs.

New!!: Yellow fever and Endemic (epidemiology) · See more »

Endoplasmic reticulum

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a type of organelle found in eukaryotic cells that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structures known as cisternae.

New!!: Yellow fever and Endoplasmic reticulum · See more »


In cell biology, an endosome is a membrane-bound compartment inside eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Yellow fever and Endosome · See more »


Eosinophils sometimes called eosinophiles or, less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates. Along with mast cells and basophils, they also control mechanisms associated with allergy and asthma. They are granulocytes that develop during hematopoiesis in the bone marrow before migrating into blood, after which they are terminally differentiated and do not multiply. These cells are eosinophilic or "acid-loving" due to their large acidophilic cytoplasmic granules, which show their affinity for acids by their affinity to coal tar dyes: Normally transparent, it is this affinity that causes them to appear brick-red after staining with eosin, a red dye, using the Romanowsky method. The staining is concentrated in small granules within the cellular cytoplasm, which contain many chemical mediators, such as eosinophil peroxidase, ribonuclease (RNase), deoxyribonucleases (DNase), lipase, plasminogen, and major basic protein. These mediators are released by a process called degranulation following activation of the eosinophil, and are toxic to both parasite and host tissues. In normal individuals, eosinophils make up about 1–3% of white blood cells, and are about 12–17 micrometres in size with bilobed nuclei. While they are released into the bloodstream as neutrophils are, eosinophils reside in tissue They are found in the medulla and the junction between the cortex and medulla of the thymus, and, in the lower gastrointestinal tract, ovary, uterus, spleen, and lymph nodes, but not in the lung, skin, esophagus, or some other internal organs under normal conditions. The presence of eosinophils in these latter organs is associated with disease. For instance, patients with eosinophilic asthma have high levels of eosinophils that lead to inflammation and tissue damage, making it more difficult for patients to breathe. Eosinophils persist in the circulation for 8–12 hours, and can survive in tissue for an additional 8–12 days in the absence of stimulation. Pioneering work in the 1980s elucidated that eosinophils were unique granulocytes, having the capacity to survive for extended periods of time after their maturation as demonstrated by ex-vivo culture experiments.

New!!: Yellow fever and Eosinophil · See more »


Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

New!!: Yellow fever and Epithelium · See more »


In epizoology, an epizootic (from Greek: epi- upon + zoon animal) is a disease event in a nonhuman animal population, analogous to an epidemic in humans.

New!!: Yellow fever and Epizootic · See more »

Ernest William Goodpasture


New!!: Yellow fever and Ernest William Goodpasture · See more »

Ezekiel Stone Wiggins

Ezekiel Stone Wiggins (December 4, 1839 – August 14, 1910) was a Canadian weather and earthquake predictor known as the "Ottawa Prophet".

New!!: Yellow fever and Ezekiel Stone Wiggins · See more »


Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.

New!!: Yellow fever and Fever · See more »


Flaviviridae is a family of viruses.

New!!: Yellow fever and Flaviviridae · See more »


Flavivirus is a genus of viruses in the family Flaviviridae.

New!!: Yellow fever and Flavivirus · See more »


Furin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FURIN gene.

New!!: Yellow fever and Furin · See more »

Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

New!!: Yellow fever and Gastrointestinal tract · See more »

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance (Gavi for short; previously the GAVI Alliance, and before that the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization) is a public–private global health partnership committed to increasing access to immunisation in poor countries.

New!!: Yellow fever and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance · See more »


In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Yellow fever and Gene · See more »


In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

New!!: Yellow fever and Genome · See more »


The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of an organism or individual, which determines one of its characteristics (phenotype).

New!!: Yellow fever and Genotype · See more »


A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

New!!: Yellow fever and Genus · See more »

George Washington

George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and George Washington · See more »


Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Yellow fever and Gibraltar · See more »

Golgi apparatus

The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Yellow fever and Golgi apparatus · See more »

Guinea pig

The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.

New!!: Yellow fever and Guinea pig · See more »


Haemagogus is a genus of mosquitoes in the dipteran family Culicidae.

New!!: Yellow fever and Haemagogus · See more »


Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

New!!: Yellow fever and Haiti · See more »

Haitian Revolution

The Haitian Revolution (Révolution haïtienne) was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign nation of Haiti.

New!!: Yellow fever and Haitian Revolution · See more »

Hampton Roads

Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water in Virginia and the surrounding metropolitan region in Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina, United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Hampton Roads · See more »


Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.

New!!: Yellow fever and Havana · See more »


Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.

New!!: Yellow fever and Headache · See more »


Hematemesis or haematemesis is the vomiting of blood.

New!!: Yellow fever and Hematemesis · See more »


Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.

New!!: Yellow fever and Hepatitis · See more »

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.

New!!: Yellow fever and Hepatitis C · See more »


A hepatocyte is a cell of the main parenchymal tissue of the liver.

New!!: Yellow fever and Hepatocyte · See more »

History of slavery

The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.

New!!: Yellow fever and History of slavery · See more »

History of sugar

Sugar is a common part of human life.

New!!: Yellow fever and History of sugar · See more »

Host (biology)

In biology and medicine, a host is an organism that harbours a parasitic, a mutualistic, or a commensalist guest (symbiont), the guest typically being provided with nourishment and shelter.

New!!: Yellow fever and Host (biology) · See more »


Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

New!!: Yellow fever and Human · See more »


Icaridin, also known as picaridin, is an insect repellent.

New!!: Yellow fever and Icaridin · See more »

Immunity (medical)

In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.

New!!: Yellow fever and Immunity (medical) · See more »

Immunoglobulin G

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody.

New!!: Yellow fever and Immunoglobulin G · See more »

Immunoglobulin M

Immunoglobulin M (IgM) is one of several forms of antibody that are produced by vertebrates.

New!!: Yellow fever and Immunoglobulin M · See more »

Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

New!!: Yellow fever and Indigenous peoples · See more »


Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

New!!: Yellow fever and Infection · See more »

Infectious disease (medical specialty)

Infectious disease, also known as infectious diseases, infectious medicine, infectious disease medicine or infectiology, is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis, control and treatment of infections.

New!!: Yellow fever and Infectious disease (medical specialty) · See more »


Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

New!!: Yellow fever and Inflammation · See more »


Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Influenza · See more »

Informed consent

Informed consent is a process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person, or for disclosing personal information.

New!!: Yellow fever and Informed consent · See more »


Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells.

New!!: Yellow fever and Interferon · See more »

International Health Division

The International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation (also known as the International Health Board (1916-1927) and the International Health Commission (1913-1916)) was an early public health entity which conducted campaigns against malaria, yellow fever, and hookworm in areas throughout Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean including Italy, France, Venezuela, Mexico, and Puerto Rico.

New!!: Yellow fever and International Health Division · See more »


IR3535 (Insect Repellent 3535) or ethyl butylacetylaminopropionate, is one of the most common active ingredients in insect repellents.

New!!: Yellow fever and IR3535 · See more »

Irwin Sherman

Irwin William Sherman (born February 12, 1933) is a biology professor emeritus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Irwin Sherman · See more »

Jacksonville, Florida

Jacksonville is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Jacksonville, Florida · See more »


Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.

New!!: Yellow fever and Jamaica · See more »

James Carroll (scientist)

Major James Carroll (June 5, 1854 – September 16, 1907) was a US Army physician.

New!!: Yellow fever and James Carroll (scientist) · See more »


Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.

New!!: Yellow fever and Jaundice · See more »

Jesse William Lazear


New!!: Yellow fever and Jesse William Lazear · See more »

John Mitchell (geographer)

John Mitchell (April 13, 1711 – February 29, 1768) was a colonial American physician and botanist.

New!!: Yellow fever and John Mitchell (geographer) · See more »

Josiah C. Nott

Josiah Clark Nott (March 31, 1804March 31, 1873) was an American physician and surgeon.

New!!: Yellow fever and Josiah C. Nott · See more »


A jungle is land covered with dense vegetation dominated by trees.

New!!: Yellow fever and Jungle · See more »

Junin virus

The Junin virus or Junín virus is an arenavirus that causes Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF).

New!!: Yellow fever and Junin virus · See more »

Kidney failure

Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.

New!!: Yellow fever and Kidney failure · See more »

Kupffer cell

Kupffer cells, also known as stellate macrophages and Kupffer-Browicz cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver, lining the walls of the sinusoids.

New!!: Yellow fever and Kupffer cell · See more »


A larvicide (alternatively larvacide) is an insecticide that is specifically targeted against the larval life stage of an insect.

New!!: Yellow fever and Larvicide · See more »

Lassa virus

Lassa virus (LASV) is an arenavirus that causes Lassa hemorrhagic fever, a type of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), in humans and other primates.

New!!: Yellow fever and Lassa virus · See more »

Lethal ovitrap

A lethal ovitrap is a device which attracts gravid female container-breeding mosquitoes and kills them.

New!!: Yellow fever and Lethal ovitrap · See more »

List of epidemics

This article is a list of epidemics of infectious disease.

New!!: Yellow fever and List of epidemics · See more »


The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Yellow fever and Liver · See more »

Liver failure

Liver failure or hepatic insufficiency is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic function as part of normal physiology.

New!!: Yellow fever and Liver failure · See more »

Lymph node

A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.

New!!: Yellow fever and Lymph node · See more »


Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).

New!!: Yellow fever and Macrophage · See more »


Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

New!!: Yellow fever and Malaria · See more »

Marburg virus

Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus of the Filoviridae family of viruses and a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus, genus Marburgvirus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Marburg virus · See more »


Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

New!!: Yellow fever and Mars · See more »

Martian canal

For a time in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was erroneously believed that there were canals on Mars.

New!!: Yellow fever and Martian canal · See more »

Max Theiler

Max Theiler (30 January 1899 – 11 August 1972) was a South African-American virologist and physician.

New!!: Yellow fever and Max Theiler · See more »

Maya peoples

The Maya peoples are a large group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.

New!!: Yellow fever and Maya peoples · See more »

Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.

New!!: Yellow fever and Memphis, Tennessee · See more »


Meningoencephalitis (from Greek μῆνιγξ meninx, "membrane", ἐγκέφαλος, enképhalos "brain", and the medical suffix -itis, "inflammation") is a medical condition that simultaneously resembles both meningitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the meninges, and encephalitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the brain.

New!!: Yellow fever and Meningoencephalitis · See more »


Mesocyclops is a genus of copepod crustaceans in the family Cyclopidae.

New!!: Yellow fever and Mesocyclops · See more »


A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.

New!!: Yellow fever and Micrograph · See more »

Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil.

New!!: Yellow fever and Minas Gerais · See more »

Mississippi embayment

The Mississippi Embayment is a physiographic feature in the south-central United States, part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain.

New!!: Yellow fever and Mississippi embayment · See more »


Monocytes are a type of leukocyte, or white blood cell.

New!!: Yellow fever and Monocyte · See more »


Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.

New!!: Yellow fever and Mosquito · See more »

Mosquito net

A mosquito net offers protection against mosquitos, flies, and other insects, and thus against the diseases they may carry.

New!!: Yellow fever and Mosquito net · See more »

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), also known as multiple organ failure (MOF), total organ failure (TOF) or multisystem organ failure (MSOF), is altered organ function in an acutely ill patient requiring medical intervention to achieve homeostasis.

New!!: Yellow fever and Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome · See more »


Myalgia, or muscle pain, is a symptom of many diseases and disorders.

New!!: Yellow fever and Myalgia · See more »


The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).

New!!: Yellow fever and Nanometre · See more »


Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.

New!!: Yellow fever and Nausea · See more »


Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.

New!!: Yellow fever and Necrosis · See more »

New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

New!!: Yellow fever and New Orleans · See more »


Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

New!!: Yellow fever and Nigeria · See more »

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

New!!: Yellow fever and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine · See more »

Norfolk, Virginia

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Norfolk, Virginia · See more »


Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.

New!!: Yellow fever and Nucleotide · See more »

Open reading frame

In molecular genetics, an open reading frame (ORF) is the part of a reading frame that has the ability to be translated.

New!!: Yellow fever and Open reading frame · See more »

Oswaldo Cruz

Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, better known as Oswaldo Cruz (August 5, 1872 in São Luís do Paraitinga, São Paulo province, Brazil – February 11, 1917 in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro state), was a Brazilian physician, pioneer bacteriologist, epidemiologist and public health officer and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.

New!!: Yellow fever and Oswaldo Cruz · See more »


In epidemiology, an outbreak is a sudden increase in occurrences of a disease in a particular time and place.

New!!: Yellow fever and Outbreak · See more »


p-Menthane-3,8-diol, also known as para-menthane-3,8-diol, PMD, or menthoglycol, is an organic compound classified as a diol and a terpinoid.

New!!: Yellow fever and P-Menthane-3,8-diol · See more »

Panama Canal

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Yellow fever and Panama Canal · See more »


--> Acetanilide was the first aniline derivative serendipitously found to possess analgesic as well as antipyretic properties, and was quickly introduced into medical practice under the name of Antifebrin by A. Cahn and P. Hepp in 1886. But its unacceptable toxic effects, the most alarming being cyanosis due to methemoglobinemia, prompted the search for less toxic aniline derivatives. Harmon Northrop Morse had already synthesised paracetamol at Johns Hopkins University via the reduction of ''p''-nitrophenol with tin in glacial acetic acid in 1877, but it was not until 1887 that clinical pharmacologist Joseph von Mering tried paracetamol on humans. In 1893, von Mering published a paper reporting on the clinical results of paracetamol with phenacetin, another aniline derivative. Von Mering claimed that, unlike phenacetin, paracetamol had a slight tendency to produce methemoglobinemia. Paracetamol was then quickly discarded in favor of phenacetin. The sales of phenacetin established Bayer as a leading pharmaceutical company. Overshadowed in part by aspirin, introduced into medicine by Heinrich Dreser in 1899, phenacetin was popular for many decades, particularly in widely advertised over-the-counter "headache mixtures", usually containing phenacetin, an aminopyrine derivative of aspirin, caffeine, and sometimes a barbiturate. Paracetamol is the active metabolite of phenacetin and acetanilide, both once popular as analgesics and antipyretics in their own right. However, unlike phenacetin, acetanilide and their combinations, paracetamol is not considered carcinogenic at therapeutic doses. Von Mering's claims remained essentially unchallenged for half a century, until two teams of researchers from the United States analyzed the metabolism of acetanilide and paracetamol. In 1947 David Lester and Leon Greenberg found strong evidence that paracetamol was a major metabolite of acetanilide in human blood, and in a subsequent study they reported that large doses of paracetamol given to albino rats did not cause methemoglobinemia. In three papers published in the September 1948 issue of the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Bernard Brodie, Julius Axelrod and Frederick Flinn confirmed using more specific methods that paracetamol was the major metabolite of acetanilide in human blood, and established that it was just as efficacious an analgesic as its precursor. They also suggested that methemoglobinemia is produced in humans mainly by another metabolite, phenylhydroxylamine. A follow-up paper by Brodie and Axelrod in 1949 established that phenacetin was also metabolised to paracetamol. This led to a "rediscovery" of paracetamol. It has been suggested that contamination of paracetamol with 4-aminophenol, the substance von Mering synthesised it from, may be the cause for his spurious findings. Paracetamol was first marketed in the United States in 1950 under the name Triagesic, a combination of paracetamol, aspirin, and caffeine. Reports in 1951 of three users stricken with the blood disease agranulocytosis led to its removal from the marketplace, and it took several years until it became clear that the disease was unconnected. Paracetamol was marketed in 1953 by Sterling-Winthrop Co. as Panadol, available only by prescription, and promoted as preferable to aspirin since it was safe for children and people with ulcers. In 1955, paracetamol was marketed as Children's Tylenol Elixir by McNeil Laboratories. In 1956, 500 mg tablets of paracetamol went on sale in the United Kingdom under the trade name Panadol, produced by Frederick Stearns & Co, a subsidiary of Sterling Drug Inc. In 1963, paracetamol was added to the British Pharmacopoeia, and has gained popularity since then as an analgesic agent with few side-effects and little interaction with other pharmaceutical agents. Concerns about paracetamol's safety delayed its widespread acceptance until the 1970s, but in the 1980s paracetamol sales exceeded those of aspirin in many countries, including the United Kingdom. This was accompanied by the commercial demise of phenacetin, blamed as the cause of analgesic nephropathy and hematological toxicity. In 1988 Sterling Winthrop was acquired by Eastman Kodak which sold the over the counter drug rights to SmithKline Beecham in 1994. Available without a prescription since 1959, it has since become a common household drug. Patents on paracetamol have long expired, and generic versions of the drug are widely available.

New!!: Yellow fever and Paracetamol · See more »


Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.

New!!: Yellow fever and Paraguay · See more »


Permethrin, sold under the brand name Nix among others, is a medication and insecticide.

New!!: Yellow fever and Permethrin · See more »


Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Peru · See more »


In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: Yellow fever and PH · See more »


Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

New!!: Yellow fever and Philadelphia · See more »


In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.

New!!: Yellow fever and Phylogenetics · See more »

Polymerase chain reaction

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.

New!!: Yellow fever and Polymerase chain reaction · See more »

Portsmouth, Virginia

Portsmouth is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

New!!: Yellow fever and Portsmouth, Virginia · See more »


A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

New!!: Yellow fever and Primate · See more »


A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.

New!!: Yellow fever and Protease · See more »

Protein dimer

In biochemistry, a protein dimer is a macromolecular complex formed by two protein monomers, or single proteins, which are usually non-covalently bound.

New!!: Yellow fever and Protein dimer · See more »

Protein trimer

In biochemistry, a protein trimer is a macromolecular complex formed by three, usually non-covalently bound, macromolecules like proteins or nucleic acids.

New!!: Yellow fever and Protein trimer · See more »


Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.

New!!: Yellow fever and Proteolysis · See more »


Pyriproxyfen is a pyridine-based pesticide which is found to be effective against a variety of arthropoda.

New!!: Yellow fever and Pyriproxyfen · See more »

Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

New!!: Yellow fever and Receptor (biochemistry) · See more »


Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.

New!!: Yellow fever and Recife · See more »

Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction

Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), a variant of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), is a technique commonly used in molecular biology to detect RNA expression.

New!!: Yellow fever and Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction · See more »


Ribavirin, also known as tribavirin, is an antiviral medication used to treat RSV infection, hepatitis C, and viral hemorrhagic fever.

New!!: Yellow fever and Ribavirin · See more »


Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.

New!!: Yellow fever and RNA · See more »

RNA virus

An RNA virus is a virus that has RNA (ribonucleic acid) as its genetic material.

New!!: Yellow fever and RNA virus · See more »

Rockefeller Foundation

The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.

New!!: Yellow fever and Rockefeller Foundation · See more »

Rockefeller University

The Rockefeller University is a center for scientific research, primarily in the biological and medical sciences, that provides doctoral and postdoctoral education.

New!!: Yellow fever and Rockefeller University · See more »


Sabethes mosquitoes are primarily an arboreal genus, breeding in plant cavities.

New!!: Yellow fever and Sabethes · See more »


Saint-Domingue was a French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804.

New!!: Yellow fever and Saint-Domingue · See more »

Salivary gland

The salivary glands in mammals are exocrine glands that produce saliva through a system of ducts.

New!!: Yellow fever and Salivary gland · See more »

Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Santa Cruz de la Sierra ('Holy Cross of the Mountain Range'), commonly known as Santa Cruz, is the largest city in Bolivia and the capital of the Santa Cruz department.

New!!: Yellow fever and Santa Cruz de la Sierra · See more »

Santo Domingo

Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.

New!!: Yellow fever and Santo Domingo · See more »


A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

New!!: Yellow fever and Savanna · See more »

Savannah, Georgia

Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County.

New!!: Yellow fever and Savannah, Georgia · See more »

Sense (molecular biology)

In molecular biology and genetics, the sense of nucleic acid molecules (often DNA or RNA) is the nature of their roles and their complementary molecules' nucleic acid units' roles in specifying amino acids.

New!!: Yellow fever and Sense (molecular biology) · See more »

Sentinel species

Sentinel species are organisms, often animals, used to detect risks to humans by providing advance warning of a danger.

New!!: Yellow fever and Sentinel species · See more »

Shock (circulatory)

Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.

New!!: Yellow fever and Shock (circulatory) · See more »

Shreveport, Louisiana

Shreveport is the third-largest city in the state of Louisiana and the 122nd-largest city in the United States.

New!!: Yellow fever and Shreveport, Louisiana · See more »

South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

New!!: Yellow fever and South Africa · See more »

South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

New!!: Yellow fever and South America · See more »

Spanish–American War

The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.

New!!: Yellow fever and Spanish–American War · See more »


The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.

New!!: Yellow fever and Spleen · See more »

St. Matthew's German Evangelical Lutheran Church

The German Evangelical Lutheran Church of Charleston, South Carolina, was incorporated on December 3, 1840.

New!!: Yellow fever and St. Matthew's German Evangelical Lutheran Church · See more »


Steatosis, also called fatty change, is the process describing the abnormal retention of lipids within a cell.

New!!: Yellow fever and Steatosis · See more »


The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.

New!!: Yellow fever and Subtropics · See more »

Sylvatic cycle

The sylvatic cycle, also enzootic or sylvatic transmission cycle, is a portion of the natural transmission cycle of a pathogen.

New!!: Yellow fever and Sylvatic cycle · See more »


Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.

New!!: Yellow fever and Therapy · See more »


A titer (or titre) is a way of expressing concentration.

New!!: Yellow fever and Titer · See more »


Tobago is an autonomous island within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

New!!: Yellow fever and Tobago · See more »


Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.

New!!: Yellow fever and Togo · See more »

Transmission electron microscopy

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, also sometimes conventional transmission electron microscopy or CTEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through a specimen to form an image.

New!!: Yellow fever and Transmission electron microscopy · See more »

Transovarial transmission

Transovarial or transovarian transmission occurs in certain arthropod vectors as they transmit disease-causing pathogens from parent arthropod to offspring arthropod.

New!!: Yellow fever and Transovarial transmission · See more »

Transstadial transmission

Transstadial transmission occurs when a pathogen remains with the vector from one life stage ("stadium") to the next.

New!!: Yellow fever and Transstadial transmission · See more »


Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.

New!!: Yellow fever and Trinidad · See more »


The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.

New!!: Yellow fever and Tropics · See more »

University of Virginia

The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.

New!!: Yellow fever and University of Virginia · See more »


Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vaccination · See more »


A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vaccine · See more »

Vector (epidemiology)

In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vector (epidemiology) · See more »


Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

New!!: Yellow fever and Venezuela · See more »

Vero cell

Vero cells are a lineage of cells used in cell cultures.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vero cell · See more »

Vesicle (biology and chemistry)

In cell biology, a vesicle is a small structure within a cell, or extracellular, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vesicle (biology and chemistry) · See more »


Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Yellow fever and Vietnam · See more »

Viral envelope

Some viruses (e.g. HIV and many animal viruses) have viral envelopes covering their protective protein capsids.

New!!: Yellow fever and Viral envelope · See more »

Viral hemorrhagic fever

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses in which fever and hemorrhage are caused by a viral infection.

New!!: Yellow fever and Viral hemorrhagic fever · See more »


Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.

New!!: Yellow fever and Virginia · See more »


A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Yellow fever and Virus · See more »

Walter Reed

Major Walter Reed, M.D., U.S. Army, (September 13, 1851 – November 22, 1902) was a U.S. Army physician who in 1901 led the team that postulated and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact.

New!!: Yellow fever and Walter Reed · See more »

William C. Gorgas

William Crawford Gorgas KCMG (October 3, 1854 – July 3, 1920) was a United States Army physician and 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1914–1918).

New!!: Yellow fever and William C. Gorgas · See more »


Wolbachia is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria which infects arthropod species, including a high proportion of insects, but also some nematodes.

New!!: Yellow fever and Wolbachia · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: Yellow fever and World Health Organization · See more »

Yellow fever vaccine

Yellow fever vaccine is a vaccine that protects against yellow fever.

New!!: Yellow fever and Yellow fever vaccine · See more »

Yucatán Peninsula

The Yucatán Peninsula (Península de Yucatán), in southeastern Mexico, separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico, with the northern coastline on the Yucatán Channel.

New!!: Yellow fever and Yucatán Peninsula · See more »

Zika fever

Zika fever, also known as Zika virus disease or simply Zika, is an infectious disease caused by the Zika virus.

New!!: Yellow fever and Zika fever · See more »

1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic

During the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793 in Philadelphia, 5,000 or more people were listed in the official register of deaths between August 1 and November 9.

New!!: Yellow fever and 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic · See more »

2016 Angola and DR Congo yellow fever outbreak

On 20 January 2016, the health minister of Angola reported 23 cases of yellow fever with 7 deaths among Eritrean and Congolese citizens living in Angola in Viana municipality, a suburb of the capital of Luanda.

New!!: Yellow fever and 2016 Angola and DR Congo yellow fever outbreak · See more »

Redirects here:

American Plague, Black vomit, Bronze John, Saffron Scourge, YFV, Yellow Fever, Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1855, Yellow Plague, Yellow fever disease, Yellow fever virus, Yellow jack (viral disease), Yellow plague, Yellow-fever, Yellowfever.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_fever

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »