735 relations: Abbas I of Persia, Abbasid Caliphate, Abovyan Street, Achaemenid Empire, Acrobatic gymnastics, Administrative divisions of Armenia, Afsharid dynasty, Ajapnyak District, Al-Mu'tamid, Al-Musta'in, Alashkert Stadium, Albert Azaryan, Alexander II of Russia, Alexander Shirvanzade, Alexander Tamanian, Alexander the Great, Alp Arslan, American University of Armenia, Amman, Amphitheatre, Anatole France, Anatolia, Ancient Greek, Ani, Ani Amiraghyan, Ani Plaza Hotel, Anna Chicherova, Anna Hedvig Büll, Antananarivo, Aq Qoyunlu, Ara Abramyan, Arabkir District, Aragatsotn Province, Aram Khachaturian, Aram Manukian, Aram Street, Aramaic language, Arame of Urartu, Arapgir, Ararat Plain, Ararat Province, Araratian Pontifical Diocese, Aravot, ARF History Museum, Argentina, Argishti I of Urartu, Armavir (ancient city), Armavir Province, Armen Dzhigarkhanyan, Armenchik, ..., Armenfilm, Armenia, Armenia Basketball League A, Armenia Marriott Hotel Yerevan, Armenia national basketball team, Armenia national football team, Armenia national futsal team, Armenia Sports Union, Armenia Time, Armenia TV, Armenia within the Kingdom of Georgia, Armenia–Iran relations, Armenian Air Force, Armenian American Wellness Center, Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenian carpet, Armenian Center for Contemporary Experimental Art, Armenian chant, Armenian dance, Armenian dram, Armenian First League, Armenian folk music, Armenian Futsal Premier League, Armenian Genocide, Armenian Genocide survivors, Armenian Highlands, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Armenian language, Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Armenian National Committee of America, Armenian National Congress (1917), Armenian National Radio Chamber Choir, Armenian Native Faith, Armenian Oblast, Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Armenian Premier League, Armenian presidential election, 1996, Armenian presidential election, 2008, Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Armenian rock, Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Armenian State Pedagogical University, Armenian Stock Exchange, Armenicum, Armin T. Wegner, Arminiya, Arno Babajanian, Ars lunga, Arsacid dynasty of Armenia, Artavasdes I of Armenia, Artaxata, Artaxiad dynasty, Artaxias I, Arthur Abraham, Arthur Meschian, Artistic gymnastics, Arto Tunçboyacıyan, Artsakh FC, Artur Davtyan, Ashgabat, Ashkharatsuyts, Ashot I of Armenia, Ashtarak, Association football, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Atropatene, Avan District, Avant-garde music, Ayb School, Ayrarat, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Azerbaijanis, Azg (daily), Ḫaldi, École Française Anatole France, Bagaran (ancient city), Baghramyan Avenue, Bagratid Armenia, Bagratuni dynasty, Bahá'í Faith, Banants Stadium, Banants Training Centre, Basketball, Battle of Abaran, Battle of Gaugamela, Battle of Karakilisa, Battle of Sardarabad, Batumi, BBC News, BC Grand Sport, Beeline (brand), Beijing, Belarus, Best Western, Black and white, Black Sea, Blue Mosque, Yerevan, Bogdan (bus model), Bolsheviks, Boxing, Brazil, Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, Bronze Age, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Park, Bulgaria, Byzantine Empire, Cafesjian Museum of Art, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Camel train, Canada, CANDLE Synchrotron Research Institute, Capture of Erivan, Caravanserai, Carrara, Casino, Catholicos of All Armenians, Caucasian Tatars, Caucasus, Cello, Central Bank of Armenia, Chalga, Chamber music, Chandelier, Charents Museum of Literature and Arts, Charles Aznavour, Chess, Chess Federation of Armenia, Chișinău, China, Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God, Cimmerians, Circular Park, Citadel, City, Classical Armenian, Classical Armenian orthography, Classical music, Cognac, Constantinople, Constitutional Court of Armenia, Continental climate, Coup d'état, Crédit Agricole, Cuneiform script, Cycling, Cyrus the Great, Dalma Garden Mall, Damascus, David of Sassoun, Davtashen District, Delhi, Detroit, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Districts of Yerevan, Documentary film, Dorians (band), DoubleTree, Dresden, Dvin (ancient city), Dzoraghbyur Training Centre, Easter, Eastern Armenia, Eastern Armenian, Economy of Armenia, Eduard Azaryan, Eduardo Eurnekian, English Park, Yerevan, Equestrianism, Erebuni Airport, Erebuni District, Erebuni Fortress, Erebuni Museum, Erebuni SC, Erebuni State Reserve, Erivan Fortress, Erivan Governorate, Erivan Khanate, Erzurum, Estonia, Ethno jazz, Eurocities, Evliya Çelebi, Fazil Iravani, FC Alashkert, FC Ararat Yerevan, FC Ararat-Moskva Yerevan, FC Banants, FC Pyunik, Figure skating, FIMA Basketball, First Republic of Armenia, Flag of Armenia, Football Federation of Armenia, France, Franz Werfel, Freedom Square, Yerevan, Fridtjof Nansen, Futsal, Gagik Tsarukyan, Garegin Nzhdeh, Garik Martirosyan, GAZelle, Gazprom Armenia, Geghard, George V of Armenia, Georgia (country), Georgia-Imeretia Governorate, Georgian Railways, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Gerard Cafesjian, Germans, Germany, Gevorg Petrosyan, Giacomo Gorrini, Glasnost, Gold's Gym, Golf, Golf course, Golos Armenii, Gomidas Institute, Google Ngram Viewer, Government House, Yerevan, Grand Hotel Yerevan, Great Britain, Great Purge, Greece, Grigor Khanjyan, Gusans, Gyumri, Hammer and sickle, Hamo Beknazarian, Handball, Harutyun Merdinyan, Hasmik Papian, Hayastani Hanrapetutyun, HayPost, Hebrew language, Hemşin, Henrik Edoyan, Henrikh Mkhitaryan, Henry Morgenthau Sr., Hepatitis, Higer Bus, Higher education, Historical capitals of Armenia, History Museum of Armenia, History of Armenia, History of the Jews in Armenia, HIV, Horse racing, Hovhannes Tumanyan, Hovhannes Tumanyan Puppet Theatre of Yerevan, Hovik Hayrapetyan Equestrian Centre, Hrachya Ghaplanyan Drama Theatre, Hrant Shahinyan, Hrazdan River, Hrazdan Stadium, HSBC, Human Rights Watch, Hyatt, Hydroelectricity, Hyundai County, Ibis (hotel), Ice hockey, Igor Tselovalnikov, Ilkhanate, Immunodeficiency, India, Ingo Armenia, International airport, Internet service provider, Irakli Gruzinsky, Iran, Iranian Armenia (1502–1828), Iravani (surname), Irina Rodnina Figure Skating Centre, Irrigation, Isfahan, Ismail I, Istanbul, Italy, Ivan Paskevich, Izmirlian Medical Center, Jabbar Baghtcheban, James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, Japan, Javakheti, Jazz, Jazz in Armenia, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jirair Sefilian, Jivani, Johannes Lepsius, Jordan, Joseph Stalin, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, Judo, Julfa, Azerbaijan (city), Kahramanmaraş, Kanaker-Zeytun District, Kansas City, Missouri, Kara Koyunlu, Karabakh Committee, Karaoke, Karekin II, Karen Demirchyan, Karen Demirchyan Complex, Katoghike Church, Yerevan, Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan, Köppen climate classification, Kentron District, Kentron TV, Khachatur Abovian, Khanty-Mansiysk, Khnko Aper Children's Library, Khor Virap, Khoren and Shooshanig Avedisian School, Khoren Oganesian, Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity), Kingdom of Georgia, Kingdom of Iberia, Kirk Kerkorian, KOHAR Symphony Orchestra and Choir, Komitas, Komitas Chamber Music House, Komitas Museum, Komitas Pantheon, Kotayk Province, Krasnodar, Kura–Araxes culture, Kurds, Lake Van, Latin, Latvia, Lebanon, Leo Futsal, Levon Aronian, Levon Ter-Petrosyan, List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, Livets Ord, Loanword, Los Angeles Times, Lovers' Park, Lusine Zakaryan, Lyon, Lyon Park, Yerevan, Machine (mechanical), Madagascar, Malatia-Sebastia District, Malatya, Mani (prophet), Manichaeism, Market economy, Marriott International, Marshrutka, Martiros Saryan, Mashtots Avenue, Matenadaran, Mayor of Yerevan, Mayor–council government, Medes, Menua, Metres above sea level, Middle Persian, Midwestern United States, Mika Sports Arena, Mika Stadium, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mikhail Piotrovsky, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mixed martial arts, Mkhitar Sebastatsi Educational Complex, Modern Art Museum of Yerevan, Moldova, Molokan, Mongol Armenia, Mongol Empire, Monoethnicity, Montenegro, Mormons, Moscow Cinema, Mother Armenia, Mount Ararat, MTS (network provider), Muş, Murad IV, Muslim conquest of Persia, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Nagorno-Karabakh War, Nairi Cinema, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Namus, Namus (film), Napoleon, National Archives of Armenia, National Assembly Building of Armenia, National Chamber Orchestra of Armenia, National Gallery of Armenia, National Library of Armenia, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Near East Art Museum, Nicholas I of Russia, Nightclub, Noah, Noah's Ark, Nontrinitarianism, Nor Nork District, Nork-Marash District, Nork-Marash Medical Center, Northern Avenue, Yerevan, Nuance Jazz Band, Nubarashen District, Oaksenham, October Revolution, Oghuz Turks, Olympic weightlifting, Omaha, Nebraska, Orange Armenia, Organization of World Heritage Cities, Oriental studies, Orontes IV, Orontid Dynasty, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Turks, Ottoman–Hotaki War (1722–27), Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–18), Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–39), Parliamentary republic, Paronyan Musical Comedy Theatre, Paruyr Sevak, Patma-Banasirakan Handes, Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, Peace of Amasya, Pennsylvania, Pepo (film), Perestroika, Persian Empire, Persian language, Phoenicia, Piano, Poland, Polyphony, Pope Benedict XV, Precipitation, President's Residence, Yerevan, Prisoner of war, Proshyan Brandy Factory, Public Television company of Armenia, Pyunik Training Centre, Qajar dynasty, Qara Iskander, Qazvin, QSI International School of Yerevan, Radisson Blu Hotel, Yerevan, Rapid transit, Real estate bubble, ReAnimania International Animation Film & Comics Art Festival of Yerevan, Red Army, Red Bridge, Yerevan, Red star, Reebok, Reggae, Reincarnation (band), Republic of Artsakh, Republic Square, Yerevan, Republican Party of Armenia, Republics of the Soviet Union, Richard G. Hovannisian, Robert Kocharyan, Romania, Rose (color), Rosgosstrakh, Rossia Mall, Rostov-on-Don, Routledge, Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Ruben Hakhverdyan, Ruben Vardanyan (businessman), Rusa II, Rusa III, Rusal Armenal, RusHydro, Russia, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Armenia, Russian Empire, Russian language, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University, Russians, Russification, Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), Russo-Persian Wars, Safavid dynasty, Safi of Persia, Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan, Saint Gregory the Illuminator Church, Yerevan, Saint Nikolai Cathedral, Yerevan, Saint Paul and Peter Church, Yerevan, Saint Sarkis Cathedral, Yerevan, Sargis Sargsian, Sasanian Armenia, Sasanian Empire, Sason, Satellite television, Satrap, Satrapy of Armenia, Sayat-Nova, Scratch race, Scribe, Scythians, Seal (emblem), Secession, Seljuk Empire, Semi-arid climate, Serbia, Serdar Ferhad Pasha, Sergei Parajanov, Sergei Parajanov Museum, Sergey Khachatryan, Serzh Sargsyan, Sevan–Hrazdan Cascade, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Shant TV, Shavo Odadjian, Shengavit District, Shengavit Medical Center, Shengavit Settlement, Sheram, Shia Islam, Shield, Shirakavan (ancient city), Shoghakat TV, Shoghaken Folk Ensemble, Silent film, Silva Kaputikyan, Simeon I of Yerevan, Sirusho, Sis (ancient city), Sister city, Sivas, Slovakia, Smithsonian (magazine), Social vulnerability, Soprano, Sound film, Soviet Armed Forces, Soviet Union, Sport of athletics, Stanislav Libenský and Jaroslava Brychtová, Stanislavski Russian Theatre of Yerevan, State of emergency, Stavropol, Stepanakert, Street light, Sundukyan State Academic Theatre, Swimming (sport), Syria, Syria (region), System of a Down, Table tennis, Tabriz, Taekwondo, Tamanyan Street, Tata Simonyan, Tatul Altunyan, Taylor & Francis, Têmûrê Xelîl, Tbilisi, Teishebaini, Temple of Garni, Tennis, Terter Yerevantsi, The New York Times, Theispas, Thomas of Metsoph, Tigran Petrosian Chess House, Tigranes the Great, Tigranocerta, Timur, Timurid Empire, Tiridates III of Armenia, Topkapı Palace, Touraj Atabaki, Tourism in Armenia, Track cycling, Transcaucasia, Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, Treaty of Sèvres, Treaty of Turkmenchay, Treaty of Zuhab, Trolleybuses in Yerevan, Tsitsernakaberd, Tughril, Tumanyan Park, Tumo Center for Creative Technologies, Turin, Turkmenistan, Ucom, Ukraine, Umayyad Caliphate, UNESCO, United States, Urartian language, Urartu, Urartu BC, Uyezd, Vagharshapat, Vahan Artsruni, Van Vilayet, Van, Turkey, Vardan Petrosyan, Vardavar, Vaspurakan, Vazgen Manukyan, Vazgen Sargsyan, Vazgen Sargsyan Republican Stadium, VEON, Veon Armenia CJSC, Victory Park, Yerevan, Violin, Volgograd, Volleyball, Voskan Yerevantsi, VTB Bank, Western Armenia, Widener University, William Weiner, Winemaking, World Book Capital, World War I, World War II, Wrestling, Yandex.Taxi, Yazidis in Armenia, Yerablur, Yerevan Ararat Brandy Factory, Yerevan Botanical Garden, Yerevan Brandy Company, Yerevan Cascade, Yerevan Champagne Wines Factory, Yerevan Circus, Yerevan City Council, Yerevan City Council election, 2009, Yerevan dialect, Yerevan Football Academy, Yerevan Football Academy Stadium, Yerevan History Museum, Yerevan International Film Festival, Yerevan Lake, Yerevan Mall, Yerevan Metro, Yerevan Opera Theatre, Yerevan State Marionettes Theatre, Yerevan State Medical University, Yerevan State Pantomime Theatre, Yerevan State University, Yerevan Thermal Power Plant, Yerevan TV Tower, Yerevan Velodrome, Yerevan Vernissage, Yerevan Water World, Yerevan Zoo, Yerkir Media, Yervandashat (ancient city), Youth State Orchestra of Armenia, Zoravor Surp Astvatsatsin Church, Zvartnots Cathedral, Zvartnots International Airport, 1679 Armenia earthquake, 1965 Yerevan demonstrations, 2008 Armenian presidential election protests, 2015 UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior), 2016 FIBA European Championship for Small Countries, 2016 Yerevan hostage crisis, 2017–18 Armenia Basketball League A, 32nd Chess Olympiad, 37th Chess Olympiad, 38th Chess Olympiad, 40th Chess Olympiad, 4th millennium BC. Expand index (685 more) » « Shrink index
Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Abovyan Street (Աբովյան Փողոց), is a street at the central Kentron district of the Armenian capital Yerevan.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
Acrobatic gymnastics (previously called sport acrobatics) is a competitive gymnastic discipline where partnerships of gymnasts work together and perform figures consisting of acrobatic moves, dance and tumbling, set to music.
Armenia is subdivided into eleven administrative divisions.
The Afsharid dynasty (افشاریان) were members of an Iranian dynasty that originated from the Turkic Afshar tribe in Iran's north-eastern province of Khorasan, ruling Persia in the mid-eighteenth century.
Ajapnyak (translit), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Abu’l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Jaʿfar (ca. 842 – died 15 October 892), better known by his regnal name al-Muʿtamid ʿAlā ’llāh ("Dependent on God"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 870 to 892.
Al-Mustaʿin (836 – 17 October 866) was the Abbasid Caliph from 862 to 866, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
Alashkert Stadium (Ալաշկերտ մարզադաշտ), is a football stadium in Yerevan, Armenia.
Albert Azaryan (Ալբերտ Ազարյան) (born February 11, 1929) is a former Soviet Armenian artistic gymnast who competed internationally representing the Soviet Union.
Alexander II (p; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.
Alexander Movsesyan (Ալեքսանդր Մինասի Մովսիսյան; 18 April 1858 – 7 August 1935), better known by his pen name Alexander Shirvanzade (Ալեքսանդր Շիրվանզադե) was an Armenian playwright and novelist.
Alexander Tamanian (March 4, 1878 – February 20, 1936) was a Russian-born Armenian neoclassical architect, well known for his work in the city of Yerevan.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alp Arslan (honorific in Turkish meaning "Heroic Lion"; in آلپ ارسلان; full name: Diya ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah Abu Shuja Muhammad Alp Arslan ibn Dawud ابو شجاع محمد آلپ ارسلان ابن داود; 20 January 1029 – 15 December 1072), real name Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri, was the second Sultan of the Seljuk Empire and great-grandson of Seljuk, the eponymous founder of the dynasty.
The American University of Armenia (AUA) (Հայաստանի ամերիկյան համալսարան, ՀԱՀ; Hayastani amerikyan hamalsaran, HAH) is a private independent university in Yerevan, Armenia.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.
italic (born italic,; 16 April 1844 – 12 October 1924) was a French poet, journalist, and successful novelist with several best-sellers.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Ani (Անի; Ἄνιον, Ánion; Abnicum; ანი, Ani, or ანისი, Anisi; Ani) is a ruined medieval Armenian city now situated in Turkey's province of Kars, next to the closed border with Armenia.
Ani Amiraghyan (Անի Ամիրաղյան; born 9 October 1993 in Yerevan) is an Armenian tennis player.
Ani Plaza Hotel (Անի Պլազա Հյուրանոց), is a 4-star hotel at the central Kentron District of Yerevan, Armenia.
Anna Vladimirovna Chicherova (Анна Владимировна Чичерова; born 22 July 1982) is a Russian high jumper.
Anna Hedvig Büll (born Anna Hedwig Bühl, – 3 October 1981) was an Estonian missionary of Baltic German extraction who helped to save the lives of several thousand Armenian orphans during the Armenian Genocide.
Antananarivo (French: Tananarive), also known by its colonial shorthand form Tana, is the capital and largest city of Madagascar.
The Aq Qoyunlu or Ak Koyunlu, also called the White Sheep Turkomans (Āq Quyūnlū), was a Persianate Sunni Oghuz Turkic tribal federation that ruled present-day Armenia, Azerbaijan, Eastern Turkey, most part of Iran, and Iraq from 1378 to 1501.
Ara Abrahamyan (born 15 April 1957), Malishka, Yeghegnadzor District, Armenia) (Արա Աբրահամյան) is a prominent philanthropist, social activist, and businessmen. He was born in Malishka, a village in Vayots Dzor Region, Armenia, in a family of physicians. He attended Yerevan State Agricultural University and gained a degree in economics.
Arabkir (Արաբկիր վարչական շրջան, Arabkir varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Aragatzotn (Արագածոտն) is a province (marz) of Armenia.
Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (Ара́м Ильи́ч Хачатуря́н; Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan;; 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor.
Aram Manukian (Արամ Մանուկեան, reformed spelling: Արամ Մանուկյան), also referred to as simply Aram (19 March 187929 January 1919), was an Armenian revolutionary, statesman, and a leading member of the nationalist Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun) party.
Aram Street (Արամի Փողոց), is a street at the central Kentron district of the Armenian capital Yerevan, named after Aram Manukian; the leader of the Van Resistance of 1915 and one of the founders of the First Republic of Armenia.
Aramaic (אַרָמָיָא Arāmāyā, ܐܪܡܝܐ, آرامية) is a language or group of languages belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic language family.
Arame or Aramu (Armenian: Արամե) (ruled 858–844 BC) was the first known king of Urartu.
Arapgir (Արաբկիր) is a town and district of Malatya Province, Turkey.
The Ararat plain (Արարատյան դաշտ Araratyan dašt) is one of the largest of the Armenian Plateau.
Ararat (Արարատ), is a province (marz) of Armenia.
Araratian Pontifical Diocese (Արարատյան Հայրապետական թեմ Araratyan Hayrapetakan t'em) is the largest diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church and one of the oldest dioceses in the world, covering the city of Yerevan and the Ararat Province within the Republic of Armenia.
Aravot («Առավոտ», "Morning") is a leading liberal and politically independent daily newspaper based in Yerevan, Armenia.
The Armenian Revolutionary Federation History Museum (Հ.) is a museum in Yerevan, Armenia, that displays the history of the First Republic of Armenia and the ARF with its notable members.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Argishti I, was the sixth known king of Urartu, reigning from 786 BC to 764 BC.
Armavir (Արմավիր) was a large commercial city and the capital of ancient Armenia during the reign of the Orontid Dynasty.
Armavir (Արմավիր), is a province (marz) in the western part of Armenia.
Armen Dzhigarkhanyan (Արմեն Ջիգարխանյան;; Армен Джигарханян; born 3 October 1935) is an Armenian and Russian (formerly Soviet) actor.
Armen Gondrachyan (Արմեն Գոնդրաչյան), better known by his stage name Armenchik (Արմենչիկ), is an Armenian pop singer based in Los Angeles.
Armenfilm (Арменфильм, also known as Hayfilm Հայֆիլմ) is an Armenian film studio in Yerevan.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Armenia Basketball League A (Armenian: Բասկետբոլի Ա լիգա), is the top men's official basketball league in Armenia.
Armenia Marriott Hotel Yerevan (Արմենիա Մարիոթ Հյուրանոց Երևան), is a 5-star luxury hotel at the central Kentron District of Yerevan, Armenia.
The Armenian national basketball team (Hayastani basketboli azgayin havak'akan) is the national basketball team representing Armenia.
The Armenia national football team (Հայաստանի ֆուտբոլի ազգային հավաքական, Hayastani futboli azgayin havak'akan) represents Armenia in association football and is controlled by the Football Federation of Armenia, the governing body for football in Armenia.
The Armenia national futsal team is controlled by the Football Federation of Armenia, the governing body for futsal in Armenia and represents the country in international futsal competitions, such as the World Cup and the European Championships.
Armenia Sports Union (Հայաստան Մարզական Միություն), formerly known as Spartak Sports Union (Սպարտակ Մարզական Միություն) between 1935 and 1999, is a sports society and organization in the city of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Armenia Time (AMT) is a time zone used in Armenia.
Armenia TV (Արմենիա հեռուստաընկերություն (Armenia herustaënkerut'yun)) is an Armenian TV channel that was established shortly after the formalization of the independent Republic of Armenia.
Zakarid Armenia (Զաքարյան Հայաստան Zakaryan Hayastan), was an Armenian principality between 1201 and 1360, ruled by the Mkhargrdzeli-Zakarian dynasty.
Armenia–Iran relations are the bilateral relations between Iran and Armenia.
The Armenian Air Force (Հայաստանի Ռազմաօդային Ուժեր) is the air arm formed by independent Armenia in 1992 in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Armenian American Wellness Center, in Armenia, is a humanitarian project of the Armenian American Cultural Association (AACA), a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization incorporated in Arlington, Virginia in February 1995.
The Armenian Apostolic Church (translit) is the national church of the Armenian people.
The term Armenian carpet designates, but is not limited to, tufted rugs or knotted carpets woven in Armenia or by Armenians from pre-Christian times to the present.
Armenian Center for Contemporary Experimental Art (ACCEA) is a contemporary art institution active in Yerevan, capital of Armenia.
Armenian chant (շարական, sharakan) is the melismatic monophonic chant used in the liturgy of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
The Armenian dance (Armenian: Հայկական պար) heritage has been considered one of the oldest and most varied in its respective region.
The dram (դրամ; sign: ֏; code: AMD) is the monetary unit of Armenia and the neighboring unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).
The Armenian First League is currently the second level football competition in Armenia after the Armenian Premier League.
Armenian folk music is a popular genre in Armenian music.
The Premier League is the premier futsal league in Armenia.
The Armenian Genocide (Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire.
Armenian Genocide survivors are Western Armenians who were not killed in the Genocide of 1915.
The Armenian Highlands (Haykakan leṙnašxarh; also known as the Armenian Upland, Armenian plateau, Armenian tableland,Hewsen, Robert H. "The Geography of Armenia" in The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century. Richard G. Hovannisian (ed.) New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997, pp. 1-17 or simply Armenia) is the central-most and highest of three land-locked plateaus that together form the northern sector of the Middle East.
The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (Middle Armenian: Կիլիկիոյ Հայոց Թագաւորութիւն), also known as the Cilician Armenia (Կիլիկյան Հայաստան), Lesser Armenia, or New Armenia, was an independent principality formed during the High Middle Ages by Armenian refugees fleeing the Seljuq invasion of Armenia.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
The National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS RA) (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության գիտությունների ազգային ակադեմիա, ՀՀ ԳԱԱ, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yan gitut’yunneri azgayin akademia) is the primary body that conducts research and coordinates activities in the fields of science and social sciences in Armenia.
The Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) (Ամերիկայի Հայ դատի յանձնախումբ) is the largest and most influential Armenian American grassroots organization.
The Armenian National Congress (or Congress of Eastern ArmeniansTer-Minassian p.30) was a political congress established to provide representation for Armenians of the Russian Empire.
The Armenian Radio Chamber Choir is an Armenian chamber choir founded in 1929.
The Armenian Native Faith, also termed Armenian Neopaganism or Hetanism (Armenian: Հեթանոսութիւն Hetanosutiwn; a cognate word of "Heathenism"), is a modern Pagan new religious movement that harkens back to the historical, pre-Christian belief systems and ethnic religions of the Armenians.
The Armenian Oblast or Armenian Province (Հայկական մարզ, Армянская область) was an oblast (province) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire that existed from 1828 to 1840.
The Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra (ANPO) (Armenian: Հայաստանի ազգային ֆիլհարմոնիկ նվագախումբ) is the national orchestra of Armenia.
The Armenian Premier League (Հայաստանի Բարձրագույն Խումբ) is the top football competition in Armenia.
Presidential elections were held in Armenia on 22 September 1996.
Presidential elections were held in Armenia on 19 February 2008.
The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) (classical Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւն, ՀՅԴ), also known as Dashnaktsutyun (in a short form, Dashnak), is an Armenian nationalist and socialist political party founded in 1890 in Tiflis, Russian Empire (now Tbilisi, Georgia) by Christapor Mikaelian, Stepan Zorian, and Simon Zavarian.
Armenian rock describes a wide variety of forms of rock music made in Armenia or by artists of Armenian descent.
The Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia (Հայկական սովետական հանրագիտարան, Haykakan sovetakan hanragitaran; ASE) publishing house was established in 1967 as a department of the Institute of History of the Armenian Academy of Sciences under the presidency of Viktor Hambardzumyan (1908–1996), co-edited by Abel Simonyan (1922–1994) and Makich Arzumanyan (1919–1988).
Armenia (translit,; Армения; Armeniya), officially the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armenian SSR; translit; translit), also commonly referred to as Soviet Armenia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union in December 1922 located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Khachatur Abovian Armenian State Pedagogical University (ASPU) (Խաչատուր Աբովյանի անվան Հայկական պետական մանկավարժական համալսարան, ՀՊՄՀ), is a state university and higher education institution based in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
NASDAQ OMX Armenia (ՆԱՍԴԱՔ ՕԷՄԷՔՍ Արմենիա NASDAK' OEMEK'S Armenia), formerly "Armenian Stock Exchange" or "Armex", is the only stock exchange currently operating in Armenia.
Armenicum is a drug invented in Armenia in 1998 that its developers claim is an effective treatment for HIV infection and a number of associated diseases.
Armin Theophil Wegner (October 16, 1886 – May 17, 1978) was a German soldier and medic in World War I, a prolific author, and a human rights activist.
Arminiya, also known as the Ostikanate of Arminiya (Արմինիա ոստիկանություն, Arminia vostikanut'yun), Emirate of Armenia (إمارة أرمينيا, imārat Arminiya), was a political and geographic designation given by the Muslim Arabs to the lands of Greater Armenia, Caucasian Iberia, and Caucasian Albania, following their conquest of these regions in the 7th century.
Arno Babajanian (Առնո Բաբաջանյան) (January 22, 1921 – November 11, 1983) was an Armenian composer and pianist during the Soviet era.
Ars lunga, Piano-Cello duo has been established in 2009 in Yerevan, Armenia, by two leading Armenian artists cellist Aram Talalyan and pianist Julietta Vardanyan, since then the group has performed numerous recitals across Armenia, CIS countries, Far and Near East, Europe, Iran, participating in such well-known festivals as "The Return festival", "National Cello Festival" in Yerevan (Armenia) and "Fajr Festival" in Tehran (Iran), "Moscow Autumn" modern music festival, Contemporary Music Festival (Ukraine), Martisor Festival (Moldova), “Deia music festival (Spain)” and many others.
The Arsacid dynasty, known natively as the Arshakuni dynasty (Արշակունի Aršakuni), ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 54 to 428.
Artavasdes I of Armenia (also called Artavazd, Արտավազդ Առաջին) reigned as King of Armenia from 159 BC to 123 BC and was the son of Artaxias I and Satenik.
Artashat (Արտաշատ); Hellenized as Artaxata (Ἀρτάξατα), was a large commercial city and the capital of ancient Armenia during the reign of king Artaxias I; the founder of the Artaxiad Dynasty of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia.
The Artaxiad dynasty or Ardaxiad dynasty (Artashesian Dynasty, Armenian: Արտաշեսյան արքայատոհմ) ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 189 BC until their overthrow by the Romans in AD 12.
Artaxias I (Άρταξίας, Artashes Արտաշես; reigned 190/189 BC160/159 BC) was the founder of the Artaxiad Dynasty whose members ruled the Kingdom of Armenia for nearly two centuries.
Avetik Abrahamyan (Ավետիք Աբրահամյան; born 20 February 1980), best known as Arthur Abraham, is an Armenian-German professional boxer.
Arthur (Artashes) Meschian (Արթուր Մեսչյան, born March 3, 1949, Yerevan, Armenia) is an Armenian architect, musician, composer, poet, singer and painter.
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 seconds) on different apparatuses, with less time for vaulting.
Arto Tunçboyacıyan (Արտո Թունջբոյաջյան) (born 4 August 1957) is a Grammy winning American musician of Armenian descent.
Artsakh Football Club (Արցախ Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ), is an Armenian professional football club based in Yerevan.
Artur Davtyan (Արթուր Դավթյան, born August 8, 1992 in Yerevan, Armenia) is an Armenian gymnast.
Ashgabat (Aşgabat,; ɐʂxɐˈbat) — named Poltoratsk (p) between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan in Central Asia, situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range.
Ashkharatsuyts (Աշխարհացոյց (traditional); Աշխարհացույց (reformed)), often translated as Geography in English sources, is an early Medieval Armenian illustrated book by Anania Shirakatsi.
Ashot I (Աշոտ Ա; c. 820 – 890) was an Armenian king who oversaw the beginning of Armenia's second golden age (862 – 977).
Ashtarak (Armenian: Աշտարակ), is a town and urban municipal community in the Aragatsotn Province of Armenia, located on the left bank of Kasagh River along the gorge, northwest of the capital Yerevan.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (ܣܘܪܝܬ, sūrët), or just simply Assyrian, is a Neo-Aramaic language within the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
Atropatene (in Ἀτροπατηνή; in Middle Iranian: Atropatkan and Atorpatkan) was an ancient kingdom established and ruled under local ethnic Iranian dynasties, first with Darius III of Persia and later Alexander the Great of Macedonia starting in the 4th century BC and includes the territory of modern-day Iranian Azerbaijan, Iranian Kurdistan, and a small part of the contemporary Azerbaijan Republic.
Avan (Avan varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Avant-garde music is music that is considered to be at the forefront of experimentation or innovation in its field, with the term "avant-garde" implying a critique of existing aesthetic conventions, rejection of the status quo in favor of unique or original elements, and the idea of deliberately challenging or alienating audiences.
Ayb School (Այբ դպրոց), is a private educational complex in Yerevan, Armenia, opened in 2011 by the Ayb Educational Foundation.
Ayrarat was a province of old Armenia (c. 300–800).
Azerbaijan (Азәрбајҹан; Azərbaycan), officially the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы, Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası, Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Azerbajdžanskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika) and the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası, Азәрбајҹан Республикасы), also referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991.
Azerbaijanis or Azeris (Azərbaycanlılar آذربایجانلیلار, Azərilər آذریلر), also known as Azerbaijani Turks (Azərbaycan türkləri آذربایجان تورکلری), are a Turkic ethnic group living mainly in the Iranian region of Azerbaijan and the sovereign (former Soviet) Republic of Azerbaijan.
Azg (Ազգ, "Nation") is a daily newspaper published in Yerevan, Armenia since 1991.
Ḫaldi (d, Ḫaldi, also known as Khaldi) was one of the three chief deities of Urartu.
École Française Anatole France (Անատոլ Ֆրանսի անվան Ֆրանսիական Դպրոց), is a French school in Yerevan, Armenia, founded in 2007 as the Ecole Française Internationale en Arménie.
Bagaran (Բագարան), was a city in Ancient Armenia founded during the reign of the Orontid Dynasty.
Marshal Baghramyan Avenue (Մարշալ Բաղրամյան Պողոտա) is an avenue in the central Kentron and the northwestern Arabkir districts of Yerevan, Armenia.
The Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia, also known as Bagratid Armenia (Բագրատունյաց Հայաստան Bagratunyats Hayastan or Բագրատունիների թագավորություն, Bagratunineri t’agavorut’yun, "kingdom of the Bagratunis"), was an independent state established by Ashot I Bagratuni in the early 880s following nearly two centuries of foreign domination of Greater Armenia under Arab Umayyad and Abbasid rule.
The Bagratuni or Bagratid (Բագրատունի) royal dynasty was a royal family of Armenia that ruled many regional polities of the medieval Kingdom of Armenia, such as Syunik, Lori, Vaspurakan, Vanand, Taron, and Tayk.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
Banants Stadium (Բանանց Մարզադաշտ) is an all-seater football stadium in the Malatia-Sebastia District of Yerevan, Armenia.
Banants Training Centre, is the training ground and academy base of the Armenian football club FC Banants.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of Bash Abaran (Բաշ Աբարանի ճակատամարտ Bash Abarani chakatamart, Baş-Abaran Muharebesi) was a battle of Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place in the vicinity of Bash Abaran, in 1918.
The Battle of Gaugamela (Γαυγάμηλα), also called the Battle of Arbela (Ἄρβηλα), was the decisive battle of Alexander the Great's invasion of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
The Battle of Karakilisa (Ղարաքիլիսայի ճակատամարտ Gharakilisayi chakatamart, Karakilise Muharebesi or Karakilise Muharebeleri) was a battle of Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place in the vicinity of Karakilisa (now Vanadzor), on May 25-28, 1918.
The Battle of Sardarabad (Սարդարապատի ճակատամարտ, Sardarapati č̣akatamart; Serdarabad Muharebesi) was a battle of the Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place near Sardarabad, Armenia from 22 to 29 May 1918, between the regular Armenian military units and militia on one side and the Ottoman army that had invaded Eastern Armenia on the other. Sardarabad was only 40 kilometers west of the city of Yerevan. The battle is currently seen as not only stopping the Ottoman advance into the rest of Armenia, but also preventing complete destruction of the Armenian nation. In the words of Christopher J. Walker, had the Armenians lost this battle, "t is perfectly possible that the word Armenia would have henceforth denoted only an antique geographical term.".
Batumi (ბათუმი) is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country's southwest.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BC Grand Sport is a professional basketball team based in Yerevan, Armenia.
Beeline (Билайн), earlier Bee Line GSM (Би Лайн GSM) is a telecommunications brand by company PJSC VimpelCom, founded in Russia.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Best Western International, Inc., operator of the Best Western Hotels & Resorts brand, operates over 4,100 hotels and motels worldwide.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Blue Mosque (Կապույտ մզկիթ, Kapuyt mzkit; مسجد کبود Masjed-e Kabud) is an 18th-century Shia mosque in Yerevan, Armenia.
Bogdan (Богдан) is the brand of the Ukrainian buses and trolleybuses made by Bogdan Corporation.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (Russian: Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона, abbr. ЭСБЕ; 35 volumes, small; 86 volumes, large) is a comprehensive multi-volume encyclopedia in Russian.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Buenos Aires Park (Բուենոս Այրեսի այգի (Buenos Ayresi aygi)) is a public park in the Ajapnyak District of Yerevan, Armenia.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Officially, Cafesjian Center for the Arts (CCA, Armenian: Գաֆէսճեան արվեստի կենտրոն (Gafesčyan arvesti kentron), also known as the Cafesjian Museum Foundation) is an art museum in Yerevan, Armenia.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
A camel train or caravan is a series of camels carrying passengers and/or goods on a regular or semi-regular service between points.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Officially the Center for the Advancement of Natural Discoveries using Light Emission, more commonly CANDLE Synchrotron Research Institute, is a project and a research center-institute in Yerevan, Armenia.
The capture of Erivan (گرفتن ایروان – Gereftan e Iravān; Взятие Эривани – Vzyatiye Erivani) took place on 1 October 1827, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28.
A caravanserai was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners) could rest and recover from the day's journey.
Carrara is a city and comune in Tuscany, in central Italy, of the province of Massa and Carrara, and notable for the white or blue-grey marble quarried there.
A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities.
The Catholicos of All Armenians (plural Catholicoi, due to its Greek origin) (Ամենայն Հայոց Կաթողիկոս) is the chief bishop and spiritual leader of Armenia's national church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, and the worldwide Armenian diaspora.
Caucasian Tatar is an old term used to describe the Turkic population of Azerbaijan (South Caucasian Tatars) & Kumyks of Dagestan (North Caucasian Tatars or Dagestan Tatars).
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
The Central Bank of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կենտրոնական Բանկ) is the central bank of Armenia with its headquarters in Yerevan.
Chalga (often referred to as pop-folk, short for "popular folk") is a Bulgarian music genre.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
A chandelier (also known as girandole, candelabra lamp, or least commonly suspended lights) is a branched ornamental light fixture designed to be mounted on ceilings or walls.
The Charents Museum of Literature and Arts (Չարենցի անվան գրականության և արվեստի թանգարան (Charents'i anvan grakanut'yan yev arvesti t'angaran)) of Armenia is the largest repository of Armenian manuscripts and books encompassing the last three hundred years.
Charles Aznavour (born Shahnour Vaghinag Aznavourian, Շահնուր Վաղինակ Ազնավուրեան; 22 May 1924) is a French, later naturalised Armenian, singer, lyricist, actor, public activist and diplomat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
The Chess Federation of Armenia is the governing chess organisation in Armenia and is affiliated to FIDE.
Chișinău, also known as Kishinev (r), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God of Kanaker (Քանաքեռի Սուրբ Տիրամոր Ռուս Ուղղափառ Եկեղեցի (Kanakeri Surb Tiramor Rus Vughghap'ar Yekeghets'i), Храм Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы в Канакер), is an active Russian Orthodox church in the old area of Kanaker, Yerevan, Armenia.
The Cimmerians (also Kimmerians; Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmérioi) were an ancient people, who appeared about 1000 BC and are mentioned later in 8th century BC in Assyrian records.
The Circular Park (Օղակաձեւ Զբոսայգի); also known as the Youth Park, is a public park in the Kentron district of the Armenian capital Yerevan.
A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.
A city is a large human settlement.
Classical Armenian (grabar, Western Armenian krapar, meaning "literary "; also Old Armenian or Liturgical Armenian) is the oldest attested form of the Armenian language.
Classical Armenian orthography, traditional orthography or Mashtotsian orthography (Հայերէնի դասական ուղղագրութիւն in classical orthography and Հայերենի դասական ուղղագրություն in reformed orthography, Hayereni tasagan ughakrutyun), is the orthography that was developed by Mesrop Mashtots in the 5th century for writing Armenian and reformed during the early 19th century.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the town of Cognac, France.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia (ՀՀ սահմանադրական դատարան) is the highest legal body for constitutional review in Armenia.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Crédit Agricole Group, sometimes called "la banque verte" (the green bank) due to its historical ties to farming, is a French network of cooperative and mutual banks comprising Crédit Agricole local banks, the 39 Crédit Agricole regional banks and a central institute Crédit Agricole S.A..
Cuneiform script, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
Cyrus II of Persia (𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš;; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.
Dalma Garden Mall (Դալմա Գարդեն Մոլ) is an Armenian enclosed shopping mall.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
David of Sassoun (Սասունցի Դավիթ Sasuntsi Davit) is the main hero of Armenia's national epic Daredevils of Sassoun, who drove Arab invaders out of Armenia.
Davtashen (translit), also known as Davitashen or Davidashen, is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
The Districts of Yerevan refers to administrative divisions of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
Dorians is an Armenian rock band founded in June 2008 by Vahagn Gevorgyan.
DoubleTree by Hilton is an American hotel chain and a part of Hilton Worldwide.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Dvin (label, reformed; Δούβιος, or Τίβιον,;; also Duin or Dwin in ancient sources) was a large commercial city and the capital of early medieval Armenia.
Dzoraghbyur Training Centre, is the training ground and academy base of the Armenian football club FC Ararat Yerevan.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
Eastern Armenia (Արևելյան Հայաստան Arevelyan Hayastan) is a term used by Armenians to refer to the eastern parts of the Armenian Highlands, the traditional homeland of the Armenian people.
Eastern Armenian (arevelahayeren) is one of the two standardized forms of Modern Armenian, the other being Western Armenian.
The economy of Armenia grew by 7.5% in 2017 and reached a nominal GDP of $11.5 billion per annum, while per capita figure grew by 10.1% and reached $3880.
Eduard Azaryan (Էդուարդ Ազարյան, born 11 April 1958) is a former Soviet Armenian artistic gymnast.
Eduardo Eurnekian (Էդուարդո Էռնեկյան; born 1932) is an Argentine businessman of Armenian descent.
The English Park (Անգլիական այգի, Angliakan aygi) is a public park in Yerevan, Armenia, located on Italy Street.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
Erebuni Airport (Էրեբունի օդանավակայան) is a joint civil and military airport serving Yerevan and the country of Armenia.
Erebuni (Էրեբունի վարչական շրջան, Erebuni varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Erebuni Fortress (Էրեբունի), also known as Arin Berd (Արին Բերդ; meaning the "Fortress of Blood"), is an Urartian fortified city, located in Yerevan, Armenia.
Erebuni Museum (Էրեբունի թանգարան, Ērebunu t'angaran) was established in 1968.
Erebuni Sport Club (Էրեբունի Սպորտային Ակումբ), is an Armenian professional football club based in the capital Yerevan.
Erebuni State Reserve (Էրեբունի պետական արգելոց), is nature protected area of Armenia located in the Yerevan, located around 8 km southeast of the centre of the city in the District of Erebuni.
Erivan Fortress (Երևանի բերդը; Yerevani berdë; قلعه ایروان, Ghaleh-ye Iravân; İrəvan qalası – ايروان قالاسى; Эриванская крепость E'rivanskaya krepost') was a 16th-century fortress in Yerevan.
Erivan Governorate (Old Russian: Эриванская губернія; Երևանի նահանգ) was one of the guberniyas of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, with its centre in Erivan (present-day Yerevan).
The Erivan Khanate (خانات ایروان – Xānāt-e Iravān; Երևանի խանություն – Yerevani khanut’yun; İrəvan xanlığı – ایروان خانلیغی), also known as Chokhur-e Sa'd, was a khanate (i.e. province) that was established in Afsharid Iran in the eighteenth century.
Erzurum (Կարին) is a city in eastern Anatolia (Asian Turkey).
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Ethno Jazz, also known as World Jazz, is a subgenre of jazz and world music, developed internationally in the 1950s and '60s and broadly characterized by a combination of traditional jazz and non-Western musical elements.
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities, founded in 1986 by the mayors of Barcelona, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lyon, Milan, and Rotterdam.
Mehmed Zilli (25 March 1611 – 1682), known as Evliya Çelebi (اوليا چلبى), was an Ottoman explorer who travelled through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years, recording his commentary in a travelogue called the Seyahatname ("Book of Travel").
Fazil Iravani (Fazil İrəvani) — Second Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus.
Football Club Alashkert (Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Ալաշկերտ), commonly known as Alashkert is an Armenian football club based in the capital Yerevan, founded in 1990 in Martuni.
Football Club Ararat Yerevan (Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Արարատ Երևան), commonly known as Ararat Yerevan, is an Armenian football club based in Yerevan.
Ararat-Moskva Yerevan (Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Արարատ-Մոսկվա Երևան), is an Armenian football club based in Yerevan.
Football Club Banants (Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Բանանց, translated Futbolayin Akumb Banants), commonly known as Banants, is an Armenian professional football team based in the capital Yerevan, currently playing at the Armenian Premier League.
Football Club Pyunik (Ֆուտբոլային Ակումբ Փյունիկ), commonly known as Pyunik, is an Armenian professional football club based in Yerevan.
Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.
FIMA Basketball (ՖԻՄԱ Բասկետբոլ) or (Ֆիզիկուլտուրայի Ինստիտուտի Մարզական Ակումբ Բասկետբոլ; Fizkulturayi instituti marzakan akumb basketbol), meaning Physical-culture Institute Sports Club Basketball, are the professional basketball section of FIMA Yerevan, the sports club that represents the Armenian State Institute of Physical Culture and Sport.
The First Republic of Armenia, officially known at the time of its existence as the Republic of Armenia (classical Հայաստանի Հանրապետութիւն), was the first modern Armenian state since the loss of Armenian statehood in the Middle Ages.
The national flag of Armenia, the Armenian Tricolour, consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange (also described as "colour of apricot") on the bottom.
The Football Federation of Armenia (FFA) (Հայաստանի Ֆուտբոլի Ֆեդերացիա) is the governing body of association football in Armenia.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franz Viktor Werfel (10 September 1890 – 26 August 1945) was an Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet whose career spanned World War I, the Interwar period, and World War II.
The Freedom Square or Liberty Square (Ազատության հրապարակ, Azatut'yan hraparak), also known as Opera Square and Theatre Square (Թատերական հրապարակ, T'aterakan hraparak) until 1991, is a town square located in Kentron (Center) district of Yerevan, Armenia.
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors.
Gagik Tsarukyan (Գագիկ Ծառուկյան) is an Armenian businessman, sportsman, and politician.
Garegin Ter-Harutyunyan (Գարեգին Տէր-Յարութիւնեան) better known by his nom de guerre Garegin Nzhdeh (Գարեգին Նժդեհ) (1 January 1886 – 21 December 1955) was an Armenian statesman and military strategist.
Garik Martirosyan (Գարիկ Մարտիրոսյան, born February 13, 1974 in Yerevan, Soviet Union) is a Moscow-based Armenian entertainer, comedian, TV host, actor and singer.
The GAZelle (ГАЗе́ль) is a series of light commercial vehicles: pickup trucks, vans and minibuses made by Russian car manufacturer GAZ.
Gazprom Armenia (Գազպրոմ Արմենիա), formerly known as ArmRosGazprom (ՀայՌուսգազարդ; Армросгазпром), is a subsidiary of the Russian Gazprom company in Armenia.
Geghard (Գեղարդ, meaning "spear") is a medieval monastery in the Kotayk province of Armenia, being partially carved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs.
George V of Armenia (in Armenian Գևորգ Ե. Սուրենյանց (Տփղիսեցի) (28 August 1847, Tiflis – 8 May 1930, Etchmiadzin, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic) was the Catholicos of All Armenians of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin from 1911–1930. He succeeded Catholicos Matthew II (in Armenian Մատթեոս Բ Կոստանդնուպոլսեց), who had died on 11 December 1910 after less than three years as Catholicos.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Georgia-Imeretia Governorate (Грузино-Имеретинская губерния) was a short-lived governorate (guberniya) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, administered from Tiflis (Tbilisi).
Georgian Railway LLC (საქართველოს რკინიგზა, Sakartvelos Rkinigza) is the national railway company of Georgia.
Georgia, formally the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR; tr; Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.
Gerard Leon Cafesjian (Գաֆէսճեան, 26 April 1925 – 15 September 2013) was a businessman and philanthropist who founded the Cafesjian Family Foundation (CFF), the Cafesjian Museum Foundation (CMF) and the Cafesjian Center for the Arts.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gevorg "Giorgio" Petrosyan (Գևորգ Պետրոսյան; born December 10, 1985) is an Armenian-Italian kickboxer who competes in the middleweight division.
Giacomo Gorrini (1859, Molino dei Torti - 31 October 1950, Rome) was an Italian diplomat.
In the Russian language the word glasnost (гла́сность) has several general and specific meanings.
Gold's Gym International, Inc. is an American chain of international co-ed fitness centers (commonly referred to as gyms) originally started by Joe Gold in Venice Beach, California.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.
Golos Armenii (Голос Армении, "Voice of Armenia"), previously known as Kommunist («Коммунист», " Communist"), is a Russian language newspaper published in Yerevan, Armenia.
The Gomidas Institute (GI; ԿԻ) is an independent academic institution "dedicated to modern Armenian and regional studies." Its activities include research, publications and educational programmes.
The Google Ngram Viewer or Google Books Ngram Viewer is an online search engine that charts the frequencies of any set of comma-delimited search strings using a yearly count of n-grams found in sources printed between 1500 and 2008 in Google's text corpora in English, Chinese (simplified), French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, or Spanish.
The Government House of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության կառավարական տուն; Hayastani Hanrapetut'yan Karavarakan Tun) is located on Republic Square, Yerevan.
Grand Hotel Yerevan (Գրանդ Հոթել Երևան.), is a 5-star hotel in the central Kentron District of Yerevan, Armenia.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Grigor Khanjyan (Գրիգոր Խանջյան; 29 November 1926 – 19 April 2000) was a highly celebrated Soviet-Armenian artist, painter, and illustrator.
Gusans (գուսան; Parthian for poet-musician or minstrel) were creative and performing artists - singers, instrumentalists, dancers, storytellers, and professional folk actors in public theaters of Parthia and ancient and medieval Armenia.
Gyumri (Գյումրի), is an urban municipal community and the second largest city in Armenia, serving as the administrative centre of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.
The hammer and sickle (☭) or sickle and hammer (translit) is a communist symbol that was adopted during the Russian Revolution.
Hamo Beknazarian (Համո Բեկնազարյան; Амбарцум Бек-Назаров; 19 May 1891 – 27 April 1965), also known as Hamo Bek-Nazarov or Amo Bek-Nazarian, was a Soviet Armenian film director, actor and screenwriter.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Harutyun Merdinyan (Հարություն Մերդինյան; born August 16, 1984) is an Armenian male artistic gymnast and a member of the national team.
Hasmik Papian (Հասմիկ Պապյան; born 2 September 1961) is an Armenian soprano.
Hayastani Hanrapetutyun (also spelled Hayastany Hanrapetutyun, Romanization of "Republic of Armenia"; Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն) is the official newspaper of Armenia.
HayPost CJSC (Հայփոստ) is the official national postal operator of Armenia which provides postal, payment and retail services.
Hemşin (Armenian: Համշէն Hamshen or Համամաշէն Hamamashen, literally "Hamam's Hamlet"; Laz and Georgian: ზუგა Zuga), is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 57 km from the city of Rize.
Henrik Edoyan (Հենրիկ Էդոյան) is an Armenian poet, translator, university professor and academician.
Henrikh Mkhitaryan (Հենրիխ Մխիթարյան,; born 21 January 1989) is an Armenian professional footballer who plays for English club Arsenal and captains the Armenian national team.
Henry Morgenthau (April 26, 1856 – November 25, 1946) was an American lawyer, businessman and United States ambassador, most famous as the American ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.
Higer Bus Company Limited, also known as Higer Bus, is a Chinese bus manufacturer based in Suzhou, Jiangsu province.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
A list of the historic and present capitals of Armenian states.
The History Museum of Armenia is a museum in Armenia with departments of Archaeology, Numismatics, Ethnography, Modern History and Restoration.
Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat.
The history of the Jewish community in Armenia (Հայաստանի հրեական համայնքը, Hayastani hreakan hamaynqa) dates back more than 2,000 years.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
Hovhannes Tumanyan (Հովհաննես Թումանյան, classical spelling: Յովհաննէս Թումանեան) (– March 23, 1923) was an Armenian poet, writer, translator, literary and public activist.
Officially the Yerevan State Puppet Theatre named after Hovhannes Tumanyan (Երևանի Հովհաննես Թումանյանի անվան Պետական Տիկնիկային Թատրոն (Yerevani Hovhannes T'umanyani anvan Petakan Tiknikayin T'atron)), is a puppet theatre in Yerevan, Armenia.
Hovik Hayrapetyan Equestrian Centre (Հովիկ Հայրապետյանի անվան Ձիասպորտի Կենտրոն), is a large equestrian complex and horse racing hippodrome in Yerevan, Armenia, opened in 2001.
Hrachya Ghaplanyan Drama Theatre (Հրաչյա Ղափլանյանի անվան դրամատիկական թատրոն) is a theatre based in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Hrant Shahinyan (Հրանտ Շահինյան) (July 30, 1923 – May 29, 1996) also known as Grant Shaginyan was a Soviet Armenian gymnast.
Hrazdan (Հրազդան) is a major river and the second largest in Armenia.
Hrazdan Stadium (Հրազդան մարզադաշտ) is a multi-use, all-seater stadium in Yerevan, Armenia, opened in 1970.
HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational banking and financial services holding company, tracing its origin to a hong in Hong Kong.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Hyatt Hotels Corporation is an American multinational hospitality company that manages and franchises of luxury hotels, resorts, and vacation properties.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
The Hyundai County (hangul:현대 카운티) is a single-decker minibus built by Hyundai Motor Company.
Ibis (corporately styled, ibis) is an international hotel company owned by AccorHotels, a hotel holding company.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Ihor Vasilyevich Tselovalnikov (Игорь Васильевич Целовальников; Ігор Васильович Целовальников; 2 January 1944 – 1 March 1986) was a Soviet cyclist.
The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (ایلخانان, Ilxānān; Хүлэгийн улс, Hu’legīn Uls), was established as a khanate that formed the southwestern sector of the Mongol Empire, ruled by the Mongol House of Hulagu.
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
INGO ARMENIA ICJSC (СЗАО «ИНГО АРМЕНИЯ») is one of the major insurance companies of Armenia, headquartered in Yerevan, Armenia.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.
Irakli Gruzinsky (ირაკლი გრუზინსკი; Ираклий Александрович Грузинский, Irakly Aleksandrovich Gruzinsky; 18 August 1826 – 27 April 1882) was a Georgian prince of Armenian descent who was a member of the House of Bagrationi and a colonel in the Russian Imperial army.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iranian Armenia (1502–1828) refers to the period of Eastern Armenia during the early-modern and late-modern era when it was part of the various Iranian empires, up to 1828.
Iravani (lit. "from Iravan", aka, Yerevan) is a common surname in Iran, Azerbaijan and to a much lesser extent in the rest of the Caucasus.
Irina Rodnina Figure Skating Centre (Իրինա Ռոդնինայի անվան գեղասահքի դպրոց), is a figure skating centre and school in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.
Ismail I (Esmāʿīl,; July 17, 1487 – May 23, 1524), also known as Shah Ismail I (شاه اسماعیل), was the founder of the Safavid dynasty, ruling from 1501 to 23 May 1524 as Shah of Iran (Persia).
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Prince (1831) Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich (Ива́н Фёдорович Паске́вич; &ndash) was an imperial Russian military leader.
Izmirlian Medical Center (Իզմիրլյան բժշկական կենտրոն), is a medical center and a research foundation located in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh (Persian:میرزا جبار عسگرزاده) famously known as Jabbar Baghtcheban (Persian: جبار باغچه بان) was an Iranian inventor of Iranian Azerbaijani ethnicity.
James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, (10 May 1838 – 22 January 1922) was a British academic, jurist, historian and Liberal politician.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Javakheti (ჯავახეთი; Ջավախք, Javakhk) is a historical province in southern Georgia, corresponding to the modern Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda municipalities.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Yerevan's first jazz band was formed in 1936, by composer Tsolak Vardazaryan.
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (1605 – 1689) was a 17th-century French gem merchant and traveler.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jirair Sefilian (reformed); born 10 July 1967) is a Lebanese-born Armenian military commander and political activist.
Jivani (Ջիվանի, 1846–1909), born Serob Stepani Levonian (Սերոբ Ստեփանի Լևոնյան), was an Armenian gusan (bard) and poet.
Johannes Lepsius (15 December 1858, Potsdam, Germany – 3 February 1926, Meran, Italy) was a German Protestant missionary, Orientalist, and humanist with a special interest in trying to prevent the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Baron Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall (9 June 1774 in Graz – 23 November 1856 in Vienna) was an Austrian orientalist and historian.
was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).
Julfa (Culfa, Ҹулфа, جولفا), formerly Jugha (Ջուղա, sometimes transliterated as Djugha) and also rendered as Djulfa, Dzhul’fa, Jolfa, Dzhulfa, Džulfa, Jolfā, Jolfā-ye Nakhjavān (جلفای نخجوان), is the administrative capital of the Julfa Rayon administrative region of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan.
Kahramanmaraş is a city in the Mediterranean Region, Turkey and the administrative center of Kahramanmaraş Province.
Kanaker-Zeytun (translit), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, located in the northeastern part of the city.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
The Kara Koyunlu or Qara Qoyunlu, also called the Black Sheep Turkomans (قره قویونلو), were a Muslim Oghuz Turkic monarchy that ruled over the territory comprising present-day Azerbaijan, Armenia (1406), northwestern Iran, eastern Turkey, and northeastern Iraq from about 1374 to 1468.
Liberty Square, Yerevan --> Karabakh Committee (Ղարաբաղ կոմիտե) was a group of Armenian intellectuals recognized by many Armenians as the de facto leaders in the late 1980s.
Karaoke, is a form of interactive entertainment or video game developed in Japan in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone.
Catholicos Karekin II (Գարեգին Բ) (born August 21, 1951) is the current Catholicos of All Armenians, the supreme head of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Karen Demirchyan (Կարեն Դեմիրճյան) (April 17, 1932 – October 27, 1999) was a Soviet and Armenian politician.
Officially Karen Demirchyan Sports and Concerts Complex (Armenian: Կարեն Դեմիրճյանի անվան մարզահամերգային համալիր), also known as Demirchyan Arena, Sports & Music Complex, or simply Hamalir (for complex in Armenian), is a large sports and concert complex with 184 stairs leading up Tsitsernakaberd hill which dominates over the western parts of Yerevan, near the Hrazdan River gorge.
Katoghike Holy Mother of God Church (Կաթողիկե Սուրբ Աստվածածին եկեղեցի, Kat'oghike Surp Astvatsatsin yekeghetsi), is a small medieval church in the Kentron District of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Holy Mother of God Katoghike Church of Avan (Ավանի Սուրբ Աստվածածին Կաթողիկե Եկեղեցի (Avani Surb Astvatsatsin Kat'oghike Yekeghets'i); also Katoghike Tsiranavor church, later renamed Surp Hovhannes) is a ruined 6th century church located in the Avan district of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kentron (translit), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Kentron TV (Armenian: Կենտրոն հեռուստատեսություն) is a private television broadcasting company in Armenia.
Khachatur Abovian (or Abovyan; Խաչատուր Աբովյան; (disappeared)) was an Armenian writer and national public figure of the early 19th century who mysteriously vanished in 1848 and was eventually presumed dead.
Khanty-Mansiysk (Ха́нты-Манси́йск, lit. Khanty-Mansi Town; Khanty: Ёмвош, Yomvosh; Mansi: Абга, Abga) is a town and the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia.
Officially National Children's Library named after Khnko Aper (Խնկո-Ապոր Անվան Ազգային Մանկական Գրադարան (Khnko-Apor Anvan Azgayin Mankakan Gradaran)) is a national children's library in Yerevan, Armenia.
The Khor Virap (Խոր Վիրապ, meaning "deep dungeon") is an Armenian monastery located in the Ararat plain in Armenia, near the closed border with Turkey, about south of Artashat, Ararat Province, within the territory of ancient Artaxata.
Khoren and Shooshanig Avedisian School (Խորեն և Շուշանիկ Ավետիսյան դպրոց), is a private school in the Malatia-Sebastia District of Yerevan, Armenia, founded in 1998 by the Armenian Missionary Association of America.
Khoren Oganesian (Խորեն Հովհաննիսյան; born 10 January 1955), also known as Khoren Hovhannisyan, is a former Armenian and Soviet football player who played midfielder and current manager and coach.
The Kingdom of Armenia, also the Kingdom of Greater Armenia, or simply Greater Armenia (Մեծ Հայք; Armenia Maior), was a monarchy in the Ancient Near East which existed from 321 BC to 428 AD.
The Kingdom of Georgia (საქართველოს სამეფო), also known as the Georgian Empire, was a medieval Eurasian monarchy which emerged circa 1008 AD.
In Greco-Roman geography, Iberia (Ancient Greek: Ἰβηρία; Hiberia) was an exonym (foreign name) for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli (ქართლი), known after its core province, which during Classical Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages was a significant monarchy in the Caucasus, either as an independent state or as a dependent of larger empires, notably the Sassanid and Roman empires.
Kerkor "Kirk" Kerkorian (June 6, 1917 – June 15, 2015) was an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.
The KOHAR Symphony Orchestra and Choir (frequently named and known as KOHAR) is a symphony orchestra and choir based in Gyumri, Armenia.
Soghomon Soghomonian, ordained and commonly known as Komitas, (Կոմիտաս; 26 September 186922 October 1935) was an Armenian priest, musicologist, composer, arranger, singer, and choirmaster, who is considered the founder of Armenian national school of music.
Komitas Chamber Music House (Կոմիտասի անվան կամերային երաժշտության տուն (Komitasi anvan kamerayin yerazhshtut'yan tun)) is a concert hall in Yerevan, Armenia, located on Isahakyan street at the Circular Park of Kentron district.
Officially, Komitas Museum-Institute (Armenian: Կոմիտասի թանգարան-ինստիտուտ) is an art and biographical museum in Yerevan, Armenia, devoted to the renowned Armenian musicologist and composer Komitas.
Komitas Park and Pantheon (Կոմիտասի անվան զբոսայգի և պանթեոն) is located in Yerevan's Shengavit District, on the right side of the main Arshakunyats Avenue, in Armenia.
Kotayk (Կոտայք), is a province (marz) of Armenia.
Krasnodar (p) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kuban River, approximately northeast of the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.
The Kura–Araxes culture or the early trans-Caucasian culture was a civilization that existed from about 4000 BC until about 2000 BC, which has traditionally been regarded as the date of its end; in some locations it may have disappeared as early as 2600 or 2700 BC.
The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
Lake Van (Van Gölü, Վանա լիճ, Vana lič̣, Gola Wanê), the largest lake in Turkey, lies in the far east of that country in the provinces of Van and Bitlis.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Leo Futsal, are an Armenian professional futsal club, currently playing in the Armenian Futsal Premier League.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Levon Hagopi Ter-Petrosyan (Լևոն Հակոբի Տեր-Պետրոսյան; born 9 January 1946), also known by his initials LTP, is an Armenian politician.
This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.
Livets Ord, literally Word of Life, is a megachurch in Uppsala, within the Swedish Word of Faith movement.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lovers' Park (Սիրահարների Այգի (Siraharneri Aygi)) is a public park in Yerevan, Armenia, located on Baghramyan Avenue.
Lusine Zakaryan (Լուսինե Զաքարյան), born Svetlana Zakaryan, (June 1, 1937 in Akhaltsikhe, Georgian SSR – December 30, 1992, in Yerevan, Armenia), was an Armenian soprano.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Lyon Park (Լիոնի Այգի (Lioni Aygi)), popularly known as Tokhmakh (Թոխմախ), is a public park in the Armenian capital of Yerevan.
Machines employ power to achieve desired forces and movement (motion).
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Malatia-Sebastia (Մալաթիա-Սեբաստիա վարչական շրջան) is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, located in the western part of the city.
Malatya (Մալաթիա Malat'ya; Meletî; ܡܠܝܛܝܢܐ Malīṭīná; مالاتيا) is a large city in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey and the capital of Malatya Province.
Mani (in Middle Persian Māni, New Persian: مانی Māni, Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαῖος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani"), of Iranian origin, was the prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a gnostic religion of Late Antiquity which was widespread but no longer prevalent by name.
Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin-e Māni) was a major religious movement that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes from Μάνης; 216–276) in the Sasanian Empire.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Marriott International is an American multinational diversified hospitality company that manages and franchises a broad portfolio of hotels and related lodging facilities.
Marshrutka (Russian: маршру́тка), from marshrutne taksi routed taxicab, is a form of public transportation such as a share taxi for the countries of CIS, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Georgia.
Martiros Saryan (Մարտիրոս Սարյան; Мартиро́с Сарья́н; – 5 May 1972) was an Armenian painter, the founder of a modern Armenian national school of painting.
Mashtots Avenue (Մաշտոցի Պողոտա Mashtots'i Poghota), known as Lenin Avenue between 1924 and 1990, is an avenue in the central Kentron district of Yerevan, Armenia.
The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts (Մեսրոպ Մաշտոցի անվան հին ձեռագրերի ինստիտուտ (Mesrop Mashtots'i anvan hin dzeragreri institut)), commonly referred to as the Matenadaran (help), is a repository of ancient manuscripts, research institute and museum in Yerevan, Armenia.
The Mayor of Yerevan is head of the executive branch of Yerevan's government.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
The Medes (Old Persian Māda-, Μῆδοι, מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia and located in the Hamadan (Ecbatana) region. Their emergence in Iran is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule. Its precise geographical extent remains unknown. A few archaeological sites (discovered in the "Median triangle" in western Iran) and textual sources (from contemporary Assyrians and also ancient Greeks in later centuries) provide a brief documentation of the history and culture of the Median state. Apart from a few personal names, the language of the Medes is unknown. The Medes had an ancient Iranian religion (a form of pre-Zoroastrian Mazdaism or Mithra worshipping) with a priesthood named as "Magi". Later during the reigns of the last Median kings, the reforms of Zoroaster spread into western Iran.
Menua (Մենուա) was the fifth known king of Urartu from c. 810 BC to approximately 786 BC.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Middle Persian is the Middle Iranian language or ethnolect of southwestern Iran that during the Sasanian Empire (224–654) became a prestige dialect and so came to be spoken in other regions of the empire as well.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Mika Sports Arena (Միկա Մարզադահլիճ), is a multi-purpose sports arena located in the Shengavit District of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Officially, the State Revenue Committee Under the Government of the Republic of Armenia Sport Complex Stadium (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կառավարության Առընթեր Պետական Եկամուտների Կոմիտեի Մարզահամալիրի Մարզադաշտ), abbreviated as KAPEK Stadium (ԿԱՊԵԿ Մարզադաշտ), and commonly known as Mika Stadium (Միկա Մարզադաշտ), is an all-seater football stadium in Yerevan, Armenia, built between 2006–2007 and opened in 2008.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
Mikhail Borisovich Piotrovsky (Михаил Борисович Пиотровский) is the Director of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts.
Mkhitar Sebastatsi Educational Complex (Մխիթար Սեբաստացի կրթահամալիր), is a state-owned school located in the Malatia-Sebastia District of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
The Modern Art Museum of Yerevan (MAMY, Armenian: Երևանի Ժամանակակից Արվեստի Թանգարան) is an art museum in Yerevan, Armenia.
Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).
A Molokan (p or молоканин, "dairy-eater") is a member of various Spiritual Christian sects that evolved from Eastern Christianity in the East Slavic lands.
Mongol Armenia or Ilkhanid Armenia refers to the period in which both Armenia (during its union with the Kingdom of Georgia) and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia became tributary and vassal to the Mongol Empire (the later Ilkhanate) in the 1230s.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Monoethnicity is the existence of a single ethnic group in a given region or country.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
Moscow Cinema (Մոսկվա կինոթատրոն Moskva kinotatron), is a cinema hall in the Armenian capital Yerevan, located at the Charles Aznavour Square, adjacent to Abovyan Street.
Mother Armenia (Մայր Հայաստան) is a female personification of Armenia.
Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı; Մասիս, Masis and Արարատ, Ararat) is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey.
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) is the largest mobile operator in Russia and CIS with over 102.4 million subscribers as of 31 December 2009.
Muş (transliterated as Mush, also historically Moush or Moosh; Մուշ, script) is a city and the provincial capital of Muş Province in Turkey.
Murad IV (مراد رابع, Murād-ı Rābiʿ; 26/27 July 1612 – 8 February 1640) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods.
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran, led to the end of the Sasanian Empire of Persia in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran (Persia).
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a territorial and ethnic conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts, which are de facto controlled by the self-declared Republic of Artsakh, but are internationally recognized as de jure part of Azerbaijan.
The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an ethnic and territorial conflict that took place in the late 1980s to May 1994, in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Nairi Cinema (Նաիրի կինոթատրոն (Nairi kinotatron)), is the second-largest cinema hall in the Armenian capital of Yerevan, located on the intersection of Mashtots Avenue with the Isahakyan street at the central Kentron District.
The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Nāmūs is the Arabic word (Greek "νόμος") of a concept of an ethical category, a virtue, in Middle Eastern patriarchal character.
Namus (Նամուս, meaning "honor") is a 1925 silent drama film by Hamo Beknazarian, based on Alexander Shirvanzade's 1885 novel of the same name, which denounces the despotic rites and customs of Caucasian families.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Archives of Armenia are the national archives of Armenia.
The National Assembly Building of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Ազգային ժողովի շենքը; Hayastani Azgayin Zhoghovi Shenk) is located on Baghramyan Avenue, Yerevan.
The origin of the National Chamber Orchestra of Armenia (NCOA) dates back to the Soviet era.
The National Gallery of Armenia (Հայաստանի ազգային պատկերասրահ, Hayastani azgayin patkerasrah) is the largest art museum in Armenia.
The National Library of Armenia (help (Hayastani Azgayin Gradaran)) is a national public library in Yerevan, Armenia.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Near East Art Museum is a museum of art in Yerevan, Armenia.
Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.
A nightclub, music club or club, is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night.
In Abrahamic religions, Noah was the tenth and last of the pre-Flood Patriarchs.
Noah's Ark (תיבת נח; Biblical Hebrew: Tevat Noaḥ) is the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative (Genesis chapters 6–9) by which God spares Noah, his family, and a remnant of all the world's animals from a world-engulfing flood.
Nontrinitarianism is a form of Christianity that rejects the mainstream Christian doctrine of the Trinity—the teaching that God is three distinct hypostases or persons who are coeternal, coequal, and indivisibly united in one being, or essence (from the Greek ousia).
Nor Nork (Նոր Նորք, Nor Nork), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Nork-Marash (Նորք-Մարաշ վարչական շրջան, Nork-Maraš varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Nork-Marash Medical Center is a teaching hospital and biomedical research facility in Yerevan, Armenia, focused on cardiac care.
Northern Avenue (Հյուսիսային պողոտա Hyusisayin poghota), is a pedestrian avenue in Yerevan, Armenia, opened in 2007.
Nuance Jazz Band is an Armenian ethnic jazz sextet active since 2009.
Nubarashen (translit), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Oaksenham is an electric and acoustic progressive rock band established in 2001.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Oghuz, Oguz or Ghuzz Turks were a western Turkic people who spoke the Oghuz languages from the Common branch of Turkic language family.
Weightlifting, also called '''Olympic-style weightlifting''', or Olympic weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programme in which the athlete attempts a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
Orange Armenia was the Armenian branch of telecommunications company Orange S.A. It was one of the three companies having license for mobile networking till 2015.
The Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC) is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization of 250 cities in which sites of the UNESCO World Heritage list are located.
Oriental studies is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, peoples, history and archaeology; in recent years the subject has often been turned into the newer terms of Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies.
Orontes IV (Armenian: Երվանդ Դ, Yervand IV) was the son of King Arsames and is recorded as ruling Armenia from inscriptions found at the historic capital of the Orontid dynasty, Armavir.
The Orontid dynasty, also known by their native name Eruandid or Yervanduni (Երվանդունի), was a hereditary Armenian dynasty and the rulers of the successor state to the Iron Age kingdom of Urartu (Ararat).
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Ottoman Turks (or Osmanlı Turks, Osmanlı Türkleri) were the Turkish-speaking population of the Ottoman Empire who formed the base of the state's military and ruling classes.
The Ottoman–Hotaki War of 1722–1727 were a series of conflicts fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Afghan Hotaki dynasty, over control of all western and northwestern parts of Iran.
The Ottoman–Safavid War was a war between Safavid Persia under Abbas I of Persia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Ahmed I. It began in 1603 and ended with a decisive Safavid victory in 1618.
The Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 was the last of a series of conflicts fought between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia, then the two major powers of Western Asia, over control of Mesopotamia.
A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
Officially Hakob Paronyan State Musical Comedy Theatre, is one of the prominent theatres of the Armenian capital of Yerevan, founded in 1941.
Paruyr Sevak (Պարույր Սևակ) (January 24, 1924 – June 17, 1971) was an Armenian poet, translator and literary critic.
Patma-Banasirakan Handes (Պատմա-Բանասիրական Հանդես (ՊԲՀ, PBH); Историко-филологический журнал, Istoriko-Filologicheskii Zhurnal; "Historical-Philological Journal") is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
Kirill or Cyril (Кирилл, Ст҃ѣ́йшїй патрїа́рхъ кѷрі́ллъ, secular name Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev, Владимир Михайлович Гундяев; born 20 November 1946) is a Russian Orthodox bishop.
The Peace of Amasya (پیمان آماسیه ("Qarārdād-e Amasiyeh"); Amasya Antlaşması) was a treaty agreed to on May 29, 1555 between Shah Tahmasp of Safavid Iran and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire at the city of Amasya, following the Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Pepo (Պեպո) is a 1935 Soviet drama film based on Gabriel Sundukyan's 1876 play of the same name, scripted and directed by Hamo Beknazarian, with music composed by Aram Khachaturian.
Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
The Persian Empire (شاهنشاهی ایران, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to any of a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th-century-BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Residence of the President of Armenia (Հայաստանի նախագահի նստավայր; Hayastani Nakhagahi Nstavayr) is located on Mashtots Avenue 47, Yerevan.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Proshyan Brandy Factory, is one of the oldest producers of alcoholic drinks in Armenia, located in Yerevan, on the Ashtarak Highway leading to the village of Proshyan.
Public Television of Armenia (Հայաստանի հանրային հեռուստաընկերություն, 1TV), Hayastani Hanrayin herrustaynkerut’yun; ARMTV or APMTV, is Armenia's public television station that began transmissions in 1956.
Pyunik Training Centre is the training ground and academy base of the Armenian football club FC Pyunik.
The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.
Qara Iskander ibn Yusuf ruled the Kara Koyunlu or Black Sheep Turcoman tribe from 1420 to 1436.
Qazvin (قزوین,, also Romanized as Qazvīn, Caspin, Qazwin, or Ghazvin) is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin in Iran.
The QSI International School of Yerevan (QSIY) is an international school in Yerevan, Armenia, part of the Quality Schools International group.
Radisson Blu Hotel (Ռեդիսոն Բլու Հոթել Երևան), is a 5-star superior luxury hotel in Yerevan, Armenia.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
A real estate bubble or property bubble (or housing bubble for residential markets) is a type of economic bubble that occurs periodically in local or global real estate markets, and typically follow a land boom.
ReAnimania International Animation Film Festival of Yerevan was founded by cartoonist, painter and animator Vrej Kassouny in 2008 to become the new start for the animation industry in Armenia.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Red Bridge (Կարմիր կամուրջ, Karmir kamurj; also known as the Old Bridge of Hrazdan; and also known as Bridge of Khoja Plav, Խոջա Փլավի կամուրջ, Khoja Plavi kamurj) is a ruined 17th-century bridge on the Hrazdan River, in Yerevan, Armenia.
A red star, five-pointed and filled (★), is an important symbol often associated with communist ideology, particularly in combination with hammer and sickle.
Reebok is a global athletic footwear and apparel company, operating as a subsidiary of German sportsgiant Adidas since 2005.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Over the years the band has gone through several musicians which influenced the style, by experimenting with the essentials of Armenian folk musician by reinterpreting melodies from many famous artists such as Sayat Nova and adding big influences of Ska & Reggae to the mix.
The Republic of Artsakh (Արցախի Հանրապետություն Arts'akhi Hanrapetut'yun), or simply Artsakh, commonly known by its former name of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic between 1991 and 2017, is a state with limited recognition in the South Caucasus internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan.
Republic Square (Հանրապետության հրապարակ, Hanrapetut′yan hraparak, known locally as Hraparak, "town square") is the central town square in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
The Republican Party of Armenia (RPA, Հայաստանի Հանրապետական Կուսակցություն, ՀՀԿ; Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun, HHK) is a national conservative, Republican Party of Armenia, 2008.
The Republics of the Soviet Union or the Union Republics (r) of the Soviet Union were ethnically based proto-states that were subordinated directly to the Government of the Soviet Union.
Richard Gable Hovannisian (Ռիչարդ Հովհաննիսյան, born November 9, 1932) is an Armenian American historian and professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rose is the color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel, on which it is at hue angle of 330 degrees.
Rosgosstrakh, also called RGS or RGS Group, was the largest insurance company in Russia for many years (now it's "number two" and "number one" is SOGAZ).
Rossia Mall is an enclosed shopping mall located on Tigran Mets Avenue in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, commonly known as the Royal Asiatic Society (RAS), was established, according to its Royal Charter of 11 August 1824, to further "the investigation of subjects connected with and for the encouragement of science, literature and the arts in relation to Asia." From its incorporation the Society has been a forum, through lectures, its journal, and other publications, for scholarship relating to Asian culture and society of the highest level.
Ruben Hakhverdyan (Ռուբեն Հախվերդյան) is a popular Armenian poet, guitarist, singer, songwriter, and lyricist.
Ruben Karlenovich Vardanyan (born May 25, 1968, in Yerevan) is a Russian social entrepreneur, impact investor and venture philanthropist, cofounder of the Aurora Humanitarian Initiative, initiator and founding partner of Moscow School of Management SKOLKOVO and its first president (2006–2011), founder of UWC Dilijan College in Armenia, founder and chairman of the board of directors of PHILIN (Philanthropy Infrastructure), founder and partner of Phoenix Advisors, former CEO and controlling shareholder of Troika Dialog, an investment bank (1992–2012).
Rusa II was king of Urartu between around 680 BC and 639 BC.
Rusa III was king of Urartu.
Rusal Armenal is a wholly owned subsidiary of Rusal which runs an aluminum foil mill in the Arabkir district of Yerevan, Armenia.
RusHydro (previous name: Hydro-OGK, РусГидро) is a Russian hydroelectricity company.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Russian Armenia is the period of Armenian history under Russian rule from 1828, when Eastern Armenia became part of the Russian Empire following Qajar Iran's loss in the Russo-Persian War (1826–1828) and the subsequent ceding of its territories that included Eastern Armenia per the out coming Treaty of Turkmenchay of 1828.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
Russian-Armenian University (RAU) (Российско-Армянский университет, РАУ; Հայ-Ռուսական համալսարան) is an intergovernmental university being under the joint authority of the Russian Federation and Armenia.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
Russification (Русификация), or Russianization, is a form of cultural assimilation process during which non-Russian communities, voluntarily or not, give up their culture and language in favor of the Russian one.
The Russo-Persian War of 1826–28 was the last major military conflict between the Russian Empire and Iran.
The Russo-Persian Wars or Russo-Iranian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire between the 17th and 19th centuries.
The Safavid dynasty (دودمان صفوی Dudmān e Safavi) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history.
Sam Mirza (سام میرزا), better known by his dynastic name of Shah Safi (شاه صفی) was the sixth Safavid shah (king) of Iran, ruling from 1629 to 1642.
The Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral (Սուրբ Գրիգոր Լուսավորիչ մայր եկեղեցի, Surb Grigor Lusavorich mayr yekeghetsi), also known as the Cathedral of Yerevan is currently the largest cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the world, effectively making it the current largest Armenian cathedral.
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Church (Սուրբ Գրիգոր Լուսավորիչ եկեղեցի, Surb Grigor Lusavorich yekeghets'i) was an Armenian Apostolic church in Yerevan, Armenia, that was destroyed in 1939.
Saint Nikolai Cathedral (Николаевский собор, Սուրբ Նիկոլայ Մայր եկեղեցի (Surb Nikolay Mayr yekeghets'i)) was a Russian Orthodox cathedral in Yerevan, Armenia and was destroyed in 1931.
Saint Paul and Peter Church (Սուրբ Պողոս-Պետրոս Եկեղեցի; Surp Poghos-Petros yekeghetsi) was an Armenian Apostolic church in Yerevan, Armenia originally built during the 5th-6th centuries.
Saint Sarkis Cathedral (Սուրբ Սարգիս Մայր Եկեղեցի (Surp Sarkis Mayr Yekeghetsi)) is an Armenian cathedral in Yerevan, Armenia.
Sargis Sargsian (Սարգիս Սարգսյան, born 3 June 1973) is a former professional tennis player from Armenia.
Sasanian Armenia, also known as Persian Armenia and Persarmenia (Պարսկահայաստան – Parskahayastan), may either refer to the periods where Armenia (𐭠𐭫𐭬𐭭𐭩 – Armin) was under the suzerainty of the Sasanian Empire, or specifically to the parts of Armenia under its control such as after the partition of 387 AD when parts of western Armenia were incorporated into the Byzantine Empire while the rest of Armenia came under Sasanian suzerainty whilst maintaining its existing kingdom until 428.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
Sason (Սասուն Sasun; Qabilcewz from قبل جوز; formerly known as Sasun or Sassoun) is a district in the Batman Province of Turkey.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
Satraps were the governors of the provinces of the ancient Median and Achaemenid Empires and in several of their successors, such as in the Sasanian Empire and the Hellenistic empires.
The Satrapy of Armenia (Սատրապական Հայաստան Satrapakan Hayastan; Old Persian: Armina or Arminiya), a region controlled by the Orontid Dynasty (Երվանդունիներ Yervanduniner; 570–201 BC) was one of the satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC, which later became an independent kingdom.
Sayat-Nova (Սայաթ-Նովա; Azerbaijani: Səyyad Nova; Persian: سایاتنوفا; საიათნოვა; born Harutyun Sayatyan; 1712/1722 – 22 September 1795) was an Armenian poet, musician and ashugh, who had compositions in a number of languages.
A scratch race is a track cycling race in which all riders start together and the objective is simply to be first over the finish line after a certain number of laps.
A scribe is a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of automatic printing.
or Scyths (from Greek Σκύθαι, in Indo-Persian context also Saka), were a group of Iranian people, known as the Eurasian nomads, who inhabited the western and central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC.
A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made.
Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance.
The Seljuk Empire (also spelled Seljuq) (آل سلجوق) was a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serdar Ferhad Pasha was an Ottoman statesman.
Sergei Parajanov (Սերգեյ Փարաջանով; Серге́й Ио́сифович Параджа́нов; სერგო ფარაჯანოვი; Сергій Йо́сипович Параджа́нов; sometimes spelled Paradzhanov or Paradjanov; January 9, 1924 – July 20, 1990) was a Soviet film director and artist of Armenian descent who made significant contributions to Soviet cinematography through Ukrainian, Georgian, and Armenian cinema.
The Sergei Parajanov Museum (Սերգեյ Փարաջանովի թանգարան) is a tribute to Soviet Armenian director and artist Sergei Parajanov and is one of the most popular museums in Yerevan.
Sergey Khachatryan (also spelled Sergei Khachatryan; Սերգեյ Խաչատրյան) (born 5 April 1985 in Yerevan) is an Armenian violinist.
Serzh Sargsyan (Սերժ Սարգսյան,; born 30 June 1954).
Sevan–Hrazdan Cascade is a complex of hydroelectric power plants on the Hrazdan River and its tributaries between the Lake Sevan and Yerevan in Armenia.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.
Shant TV (Armenian: Շանթ հեռուստատեսություն) is a private television broadcasting company in Armenia.
Shavarsh "Shavo" Odadjian (Շավարշ "Շավո" Օդաջյան; born April 22, 1974) is an Armenian-American songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music video director/editor, music producer, and artist/painter.
Shengavit (Շենգավիթ վարչական շրջան, Šengavit' varčakan šrĵan), is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, located at the southwestern part of the city.
Shengavit Medical Center (Շենգավիթ բժշկական կենտրոն), is one of the leading private multi-disciplinary therapeutic and diagnostic facilities in Yerevan (Armenia), base of the clinical postgraduate training for Yerevan State Medical University and the National Institute of Health.
The Shengavit Settlement (Շենգավիթ հնավայր, Shengavit' hənavayr) is an archaeological site in present-day Yerevan, Armenia located on a hill south-east of Yerevan Lake.
Sheram (born Grigor Talian, 20 March 1857, Alexandropol – died 7 March 1938, Yerevan) was an Armenian gusan (ashug) (folk musician), poet and composer.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm.
Shirakavan (Շիրակավան); founded as Yerazgavors and later Yerazgavork, was a medieval Armenian city and one of the 13 historic capitals of Armenia, serving as a capital city between 890 and 929 during the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia.
Shoghakat TV, is a television channel based in Yerevan, Armenia, owned and operated by the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin; the regulating body of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
The Shoghaken Folk Ensemble, an Armenian musical group, performs and records Armenian folk and troubador music.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Silva Kaputikyan (help); 20 January 1919 – 25 August 2006) was an Armenian poet and political activist. One of the best-known Armenian writers of the twentieth century, she is recognized as "the leading poetess of Armenia" and "the grand lady of twentieth century Armenian poetry". Although a member of the Communist Party, she was a noted advocate of Armenian national causes. Her first collection of poems were published in the mid-1940s. By the 1950s she had established herself as a significant literary figure in Soviet Armenia. Besides Armenian she also wrote in Russian and many of her works were translated to other languages. In the later Soviet period she frequently addressed political and other issues.
Simeon I of Yerevan or Simeon Yerevantsi (Սիմեոն Ա Երևանցի "Simon of Yerevan"; 1710–1780) was the Catholicos of All Armenians from 1763 to 1780.
Siranush Harutyunyan (Սիրանուշ Հարությունյան; born 7 January 1987), known professionally as Sirusho (Սիրուշո), is an Armenian singer whose musical career has been active for over 20 years.
Sis (Սիս) was the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sivas (Latin and Greek: Sebastia, Sebastea, Sebasteia, Sebaste, Σεβάστεια, Σεβαστή) is a city in central Turkey and the seat of Sivas Province.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The first issue was published in 1970.
In its broadest sense, social vulnerability is one dimension of vulnerability to multiple stressors and shocks, including abuse, social exclusion and natural hazards.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Russian: Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик Vooruzhonnyye Sily Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза) refers to the armed forces of the Russian SFSR (1917–1922), the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912–1991) from their beginnings in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War to its dissolution on 26 December 1991.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.
Stanislav Libenský and Jaroslava Brychtová are contemporary artists.
Officially State Russian Drama Theatre named after Konstantin Stanislavski (Կոնստանտին Ստանիսլավսկու անվան ռուսական պետական դրամատիկական թատրոն), more commonly Stanislavski Russian Theatre, is a state theatre in the Armenian capital of Yerevan located on Abovyan Street in the central Kentron district of the city, next to Charles Aznavour Square.
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted.
Stavropol (p) is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai, Russia.
Stepanakert (Ստեփանակերտ Step'anakert; Eastern), Khankendi (Xankəndi) and originally called Vararakn (Վարարակն), is the capital and the largest city of the de facto Republic of Artsakh.
A street light, light pole, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road or path.
The Gabriel Sundukyan State Academic Theatre (Գաբրիել Սունդուկյանի անվան ազգային ակադեմիական թատրոն), founded in February 25, 1922 in Yerevan, is the oldest modern theatre in Armenia.
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of ones arms and legs to move the body through water.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
The historic region of Syria (ash-Shām, Hieroglyphic Luwian: Sura/i; Συρία; in modern literature called Greater Syria, Syria-Palestine, or the Levant) is an area located east of the Mediterranean sea.
System of a Down, sometimes abbreviated as SOAD or colloquially referred to as System, is an heavy metal band from Glendale, California, formed in 1994.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
Tabriz (تبریز; تبریز) is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan, one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan province.
Taekwondo (from Korean 태권도, 跆拳道) is a Korean martial art, characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.
Tamanyan Street (Թամանյան Փողոց), is a pedestrian street in Yerevan, Armenia.
Tata Simonyan (Թաթա Սիմոնյան, born October 8, 1962) is an Armenian pop singer widely known among the Armenian diaspora.
Tatul Tigrani Altunyan (Altunian) (October 2 (15), 1901, Adana, Adana Vilayet, Ottoman Empire - November 29, 1973, Yerevan) was an Armenian conductor, the founder of Armenian song-dance state ensemble (currently named after him).
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Têmûrê Xelîl (born 1949), is a contemporary Yazidi journalist, writer and translator, resident in Sweden.
Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
Teishebaini (also Teshebani, modern Karmir Blur (Կարմիր Բլուր) referring more to the hill that the fortress is located upon) was the capital of the Transcaucasian provinces of the ancient kingdom of Urartu.
The Temple of Garni (Գառնու տաճար, Gaṙnu tačar) is the only standing Greco-Roman colonnaded building in Armenia and the former Soviet Union.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
Terter Yerevantsi (Տերտեր Երևանցի; c. 1290, Yerevan – c. 1350, Crimea) was a medieval Armenian priest, scribe and poet.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theispas (also known as Teisheba or Teišeba) of Kumenu was the Araratian (Urartian) weather-god, notably the god of storms and thunder.
Thomas of Metsoph (Թովմա Մեծոփեցի, Thovma Metsobetsi) (1378–1446) was an Armenian cleric and chronicler who left an account of Timur’s invasions of the Caucasus (1386–1403).
Tigran Petrosian Chess House (Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատի Տուն), officially the Central House of Chess-player named after Tigran Petrosian (Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատիստի Կենտրոնական Տուն), is the centre of the sport of chess in Yerevan, Armenia.
Tigranes II, more commonly known as Tigranes the Great (Տիգրան Մեծ, Tigran Mets; Τιγράνης ὁ Μέγας Tigránes ho Mégas; Tigranes Magnus) (140 – 55 BC) was King of Armenia under whom the country became, for a short time, the strongest state to Rome's east.
Tigranocerta (Τιγρανόκερτα, Tigranόkerta; Tigranakert (Տիգրանակերտ)) was the capital of the Armenian Kingdom.
Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.
The Timurid Empire (تیموریان, Timuriyān), self-designated as Gurkani (گورکانیان, Gurkāniyān), was a PersianateB.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition, 2006 Turco-Mongol empire comprising modern-day Iran, the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, much of Central Asia, as well as parts of contemporary India, Pakistan, Syria and Turkey. The empire was founded by Timur (also known as Tamerlane), a warlord of Turco-Mongol lineage, who established the empire between 1370 and his death in 1405. He envisioned himself as the great restorer of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan and, while not descended from Genghis, regarded himself as Genghis's heir and associated much with the Borjigin. The ruling Timurid dynasty, or Timurids, lost most of Persia to the Aq Qoyunlu confederation in 1467, but members of the dynasty continued to rule smaller states, sometimes known as Timurid emirates, in Central Asia and parts of India. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid prince from Ferghana (modern Uzbekistan), invaded Kabulistan (modern Afghanistan) and established a small kingdom there, and from there 20 years later he invaded India to establish the Mughal Empire.
Tiridates III (spelled Trdat; Armenian: Տրդատ Գ; 250–330) was the king of Arsacid Armenia (287–330), and is also known as Tiridates the Great Տրդատ Մեծ; some scholars incorrectly refer to him as Tiridates IV as a result of the fact that Tiridates I of Armenia reigned twice.
The Topkapı Palace (Topkapı Sarayı or in طوپقپو سرايى, Ṭopḳapu Sarāyı), or the Seraglio, is a large museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
Touraj Atabaki (تورج اتابکی, born February 23, 1950 in Tehran) is the Senior Research Fellow at the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam.
Tourism in Armenia has been a key sector to the Armenian economy since the 1990s when tourist numbers exceeded half a million people visiting the country every year (mostly ethnic Armenians from the Diaspora).
Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles.
Transcaucasia (Закавказье), or the South Caucasus, is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
The Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic (TDFR; Закавказская демократическая Федеративная Республика (ЗКДФР); Zakavkazskaya Demokraticheskaya Federativnaya Respublika (ZKDFR); 22 April28 May 1918), also known as the Transcaucasian Federation, was a short-lived South Caucasian state extending across what are now the modern-day countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, plus parts of Eastern Turkey as well as Russian border areas.
The Treaty of Sèvres (Traité de Sèvres) was one of a series of treaties that the Central Powers signed after their defeat in World War I. Hostilities had already ended with the Armistice of Mudros.
The Treaty of Turkmenchay (Туркманчайский договор, عهدنامه ترکمنچای) was an agreement between Persia (Iran) and the Russian Empire, which concluded the Russo-Persian War (1826–28). It was signed on 10 February 1828 in Torkamanchay, Iran. By the treaty, Persia ceded to Russia control of several areas in the South Caucasus: the Erivan Khanate, the Nakhchivan Khanate, and the remainder of the Talysh Khanate. The boundary between Russian and Persia was set at the Aras River. These territories comprise modern-day Armenia, the southern parts of the modern-day Republic of Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan, as well as Iğdır Province (now part of Turkey). The treaty was signed for Persia by Crown Prince Abbas Mirza and Allah-Yar Khan Asaf al-Daula, chancellor to Shah Fath Ali (of the Qajar Dynasty), and for Russia by General Ivan Paskievich. Like the 1813 Treaty of Gulistan, this treaty was imposed by Russia, following military victory over Persia. Paskievich threatened to occupy Tehran in five days unless the treaty was signed. By this final treaty of 1828 and the 1813 Gulistan treaty, Russia had finalised conquering all the Caucasus territories from Iran, comprising modern-day Dagestan, eastern Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia, all which had formed part of its very concept for centuries. The area to the North of the river Aras, amongst which the territory of the contemporary nations of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and the North Caucasian Republic of Dagestan were Iranian territory until they were occupied by Russia in the course of the 19th century. As a further direct result and consequence of the two treaties, the formerly Iranian territories became now part of Russia for around the next 180 years, except Dagestan, which has remained a Russian possession ever since. Out of the greater part of the territory, three separate nations would be formed through the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, namely Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
The Treaty of Zuhab (عهدنامه زهاب), also called Treaty of Qasr-e Shirin (Kasr-ı Şirin Antlaşması), was an accord signed between the Safavid Empire and the Ottoman Empire on May 17, 1639.
The Yerevan trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network in Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia.
The Armenian Genocide memorial complex (Հայոց ցեղասպանության զոհերի հուշահամալիր Hayots tseghaspanut'yan zoheri hushahamalir) is Armenia's official memorial dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, built in 1967 on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd (Ծիծեռնակաբերդ) in Yerevan.
Tughril Beg (full name: Rukn al-Dunya wa al-Din Abu Talib Muhammad Toghrul-Beg ibn Mikail) also spelled Toghrul I, Tugril, Toghril, Tugrul or Toghrïl Beg; (Tuğrul) (990 – September 4, 1063) was the Turkic founder of the Seljuk Empire, ruling from 1037 to 1063.
Tumanyan Park (Թումանյան Այգի) is a public park in the Ajapnyak district of Yerevan, Armenia.
The Tumo Center for Creative Technologies (Թումո ստեղծարար տեխնոլոգիաների կենտրոն) is a free of charge digital media learning center in Yerevan, Armenia.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Turkmenistan (or; Türkmenistan), (formerly known as Turkmenia) is a sovereign state in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.
Ucom is a mobile network operator and internet service provider in Armenia.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Urartian or Vannic language was spoken by the inhabitants of the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in the region of Lake Van, with its capital near the site of the modern town of Van, in the Armenian Highland, modern-day Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey.
Urartu, which corresponds to the biblical mountains of Ararat, is the name of a geographical region commonly used as the exonym for the Iron Age kingdom also known by the modern rendition of its endonym, the Kingdom of Van, centered around Lake Van in the Armenian Highlands.
Urartu Basketball Club (Ուրարտու բասկետբոլային ակումբ), is a professional basketball team based in Yerevan, Armenia.
An uyezd (p) was an administrative subdivision of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, the Russian Empire, and the early Russian SFSR, which was in use from the 13th century.
Vagharshapat (Վաղարշապատ), is the 4th-largest city in Armenia and the most populous municipal community of Armavir Province, by about west of the capital Yerevan, and north of the closed Turkish-Armenian border.
Vahan Artsruni Vahan Artsruni (born December 5, 1965, Yerevan) is a modern Armenian rock musician, singer, composer and artist.
The Vilayet of Van (ولايت وان, Vilâyet-i Van; Վանի վիլայեթ, Vani vilayet') was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.
Van (Van; Վան; Wan; فان; Εύα, Eua) is a city in eastern Turkey's Van Province, located on the eastern shore of Lake Van.
Vardan Petrosyan (born February 27, 1959; Վարդան Պետրոսյան) is an Armenian actor, scriptwriter, and parodist.
Vardavar or Vartavar (Վարդավառ) is an Armenian festival in Armenia where people of social groups drench each other with water.
Vaspurakan (also transliterated as Vasbouragan in Western Armenian;, (Vaspourakan) meaning the "noble land" or "land of princes") was the eighth province of Greater Armenia, which later became an independent kingdom during the Middle Ages, centered on Lake Van.
Vazgen Mikaeli Manukyan (Armenian: Վազգեն Միքայելի Մանուկյան, born 13 February 1946) was the first Prime Minister of Armenia, from 1990 to 1991.
Vazgen Sargsyan (Վազգեն Սարգսյան,; 5 March 1959 – 27 October 1999) was an Armenian military commander and politician.
Vazgen Sargsyan Republican Stadium (Վազգեն Սարգսյանի անվան Հանրապետական մարզադաշտ) also known as the Republican Stadium (translit) is an all-seater multi-use stadium located on 65 Vardanants street, in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
VEON (formerly VimpelCom Ltd.) is a multinational telecommunication services company headquartered in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
«VEON Armenia» CJSC (formerly «ArmenTel» CJSC) is an Armenian broadband and telecommunications company.
Victory Park («Հաղթանակ» զբոսայգի Haght'anak zbosaygi) is a city park located in Kanaker-Zeytun district of Yerevan, capital of Armenia.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
Voskan Yerevantsi (b. 1614 - d. 1674; Ոսկան Երեւանցի), was one of the first Armenian book publishers during the years 1640-1666.
VTB Bank (Russian: ПАО Банк ВТБ, former Vneshtorgbank, lit. foreign trade bank) is one of the leading universal banks of Russia.
Western Armenia (Western Armenian: Արեւմտեան Հայաստան, Arevmdian Hayasdan) is a term used to refer to eastern parts of Turkey (formerly the Ottoman Empire) that were part of the historical homeland of Armenians.
Widener University is a private, coeducational university located in Chester, Pennsylvania.
William Weiner (ויליאם ויינר; Վիլյամ Վայներ; Вилья́м Макси́мович Ва́йнер, commonly known as Willy Weiner) (born 25 November 1955) is an Armenian–Israeli composer, violinist and vocalist; Meritorious Worker of Art of the Republic of Armenia (2008); a member of the Israel Composers League (2013); and president of the Jewish cultural center "Menorah" in Armenia (1994).
Winemaking or vinification is the production of wine, starting with the selection of the fruit, its fermentation into alcohol, and the bottling of the finished liquid.
The success of World Book and Copyright Day, launched in 1996, encouraged UNESCO to develop the concept of World Book Capital City, selecting Madrid as the Capital for 2001.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
Yandex.Taxi (Яндекс.Такси) is Russia’s largest online taxi booking services in Moscow and other cities across Russia and some CIS countries.
Yazidis in Armenia (Yezdiner, Kurmanji: Êzidî, Yezidi, Yezidi) is the largest ethnic minority in Armenia.
Yerablur (Եռաբլուր) is a military cemetery located on a hilltop in the outskirts of Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Ararat Brandy Factory, officially known as the Yerevan Ararat Brandy-Wine-Vodka Factory (Երևանի Արարատ կոնյակի-գինու-օղու կոմբինատ), commonly known with its famous brand Noy, is a leading Armenian brandy production company in Yerevan, Armenia, currently owned by Gagik Tsarukyan's Multi Group Concern.
The Yerevan Botanical Garden (Երևանի բուսաբանական այգի) of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences, is the body responsible for plant collections in Armenia.
Yerevan Brandy Company ((Yerevani Konyaki Gortsaran)), commonly known with its famous brand "ArArAt", is the leading enterprise of Armenia for the production of cognac.
The Cascade (Կասկադ Kaskad) is a giant stairway made of limestone in Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Champagne Wines Factory ((Yerevani Shampayn Ginineri Gortsaran)), shortly known as "Armchampagne", is the leading enterprise of Armenia for the production of champagne.
The Yerevan Circus (Երևանի կրկես Yerevani krkes) is a circus founded in 1930s.
The Yerevan City Council is the lawmaking body of the city of Yerevan.
Yerevan City Council elections were held on May 31, 2009.
The Yerevan dialect (Երևանի բարբառ Yerevani barbař) is an Eastern Armenian dialect spoken in and around Yerevan.
Officially, the Technical Center-Academy of the Football Federation of Armenia (Հայաստանի ֆուտբոլի ֆեդերացիայի Տեխնիկական կենտրոն-ակադեմիա), commonly known as the Yerevan Football Academy or Avan Football Academy, is a modern football training school located in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
Officially, the FFA Technical Center-Academy Stadium (ՀՖՖ Տեխնիկական-կենտրոն ակադեմիայի մարզադաշտ), commonly known as the Yerevan Football Academy Stadium or the Avan Academy Stadium, is an all-seater football stadium in Yerevan, Armenia.
The Yerevan History Museum (Երևանի Պատմության Թանգարան (Yerevani Patmut'yan T'angaran)) is the history museum of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia.
The Golden Apricot Yerevan International Film Festival (GAIFF) («Ոսկե Ծիրան» Երևանի միջազգային կինոփառատոն) is an annual film festival held in Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Lake (Երևանյան լիճ (Yerevanyan lich)) is an artificial reservoir located in the capital of Armenia in Yerevan.
Yerevan Mall (Երևան Մոլ) is a shopping mall located on Arshakunyats Avenue, Yerevan, Armenia.
Officially Karen Demirchyan Yerevan Subway (Կարեն Դեմիրճյանի անվան Երևանի մետրոպոլիտեն, Karen Demirchyani anvan Yerevani metropoliten; since December 1999), colloquially known as the Yerevan Metro, is a rapid transit system that serves the capital of Armenia, Yerevan.
Armenian National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet named after Alexander Spendiaryan (Ալեքսանդր Սպենդիարյանի անվան օպերայի և բալետի ազգային ակադեմիական թատրոն (Aleksandr Spendiaryani anvan ōperayi yev baleti azgayin akademiakan t'atron)) in Yerevan was officially opened on 20 January 1933, with Alexander Spendiaryan's Almast opera performance.
The Yerevan State Marionette Theater was founded in 1987.
Yerevan Mkhitar Heratsi State Medical University (YSMU, Երեվանի Մխիթար Հերացու անվան Պետական Բժշկական Համալսարան), is the leading medical university in Armenia.
Yerevan State Pantomime theatre was founded in 1974.
Yerevan State University (YSU; Երևանի Պետական Համալսարան, ԵՊՀ, Yerevani Petakan Hamalsaran), also simply University of Yerevan, is the oldest continuously operating public university in Armenia.
Yerevan Thermal Power Plant (Yerevan TPP) (Երևանի ջերմաէլեկտրակայան (Երևանի ՋԷԿ)), is a thermal power plant located about from Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan TV Tower (Երևանի հեռուստաաշտարակ, Yerevani herustaashtarak) is a high lattice tower built in 1977 on Nork Hill near downtown Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Velodrome (Երևանի հեծանվահրապարակ), is an outdoor velodrome or track cycling venue in Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Vernissage (Վերնիսաժ (Vernisazh)) is a large open-air market in Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerevan Water World (Ջրաշխարհ (Jrashkharh)) is a water park situated on Myasnikyan Avenue of Nor Nork district in the Armenian capital of Yerevan.
The Yerevan Zoo, also known as the Zoological Garden of Yerevan (Երևանի կենդաբանական այգի (Yerevani kendabanakan aygi)), is a zoo established in 1940 in Yerevan, Armenia.
Yerkir Media (Երկիր Մեդիա, literally "World Media") is an Armenian television station that began operating in 2004.
Yervandashat (Երվանդաշատ), was an Armenian city and one of the 13 historic capitals of Armenia, serving as a capital city between 210 and 176 BC during the Orontid rule over Armenia and the beginning of their successors; the Artaxiad dynasty.
The Youth Orchestra of Armenia was founded in November 2005, with the efforts of the students of the Yerevan Komitas State Conservatory.
Zoravor Surp Astvatsatsin Church (Զորավոր Սուրբ Աստվածածին եկեղեցի (Zoravor Surp Astvatsatsin yekeghets'i)) is the oldest surviving church in Yerevan.
Zvartnots Cathedral (Զուարթնոց տաճար (classical); Զվարթնոց տաճար (reformed); literally 'celestial angels cathedral') is a 7th-century centrally planned aisled tetraconch type Armenian cathedral built by the order of Catholicos Nerses the Builder from 643-652.
Zvartnots International Airport (Զվարթնոց միջազգային օդանավակայան, is located near Zvartnots, west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. It acts as the main international airport of Armenia and is Yerevan's main international transport hub. It is the busiest airport in the country.
The 1679 Armenia earthquake (also called Yerevan earthquake or Garni earthquake) took place on June 4 in the Yerevan region of Armenia, then part of the Persian Empire.
The 1965 Yerevan demonstrations took place in Yerevan, Armenia on April 24, 1965, on the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.
A series of mass protests were held in Armenia in the wake of the Armenian presidential election of 19 February 2008.
The 2015 UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior) were the 15th continental championships for European under-23 and junior track cyclists, and the 6th since the event was renamed following the reorganisation of European track cycling in 2010.
The 2016 FIBA European Championship for Small Countries was the 15th edition of this tournament.
On 17 July 2016, a group of armed men calling themselves the Daredevils of Sasun (Sasna Tsrrer; the name is taken from an epic poem) stormed a police station in Yerevan, Armenia, and took nine hostages.
The 2017–18 Armenia Basketball League A season, was the inaugural season of the new official competition of basketball first division in Armenia.
The 32nd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, took place between September 15 and October 2, 1996, in Yerevan, Armenia.
The 37th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between May 20 and June 4, 2006, in Turin, Italy.
The 38th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between 12–25 November 2008 in Dresden, Germany.
The 40th Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place in Istanbul, Turkey,, Chessdom.com.
The 4th millennium BC spanned the years 4000 through 3001 BC.
Capital of Armenia, Ereun, Erevan, Erivan, Erivan Province, Ottoman Empire, Eriwan, History of Yerevan, ISO 3166-2:Erevan, Ierevan, Jerevan, Jerevan, Armenia, Jerewan, Yerbuni, Yerebuni, Yerevan Municipality, Yerevan Province, Ottoman Empire, Yerevan, Armenia, Yerevan, USSR, Yerewan, Yervan, Yervandavan, Երևան.